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Group

Concentrated
Solar
Energy
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Solar – a range of options

 CSP (steam raising solar power with


mirrors):
 power towers
 parabolic trough
 linear Fresnel

 Flat plate PV
 crystalline, thin film

 CPV – Fresnel lens, parabolic mirror, linear


Fresnel mirrors

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A NEW SOLAR ENERGY
COLLECTOR TECHNOLOGY
 Breakthrough solar
collector from
HelioDynamics
 Makes heat hotter, quicker,
 Makes power more
cheaply

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HD SOLAR COLLECTOR RANGE

HD16

HD10

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APPLICATIONS

 Building air-conditioning,
 District cooling,
 Industrial heat and cooling,
 Desalination,
 Power generation,
 Water pumping.
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Benefits

 Decouple the timing of projects from


availability of the power grid or gas
network

 Visibly meet green targets

 Reduce business exposure to future


energy price spikes
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HOW SOLAR COOLING WORKS

 Solar collectors
capture sun’s energy to
make high Warm
temperature heat air
Cooling
tower

 Absorption chillers cool (50 C)


buildings Solar
collectors
Heat Absorption Cooling
chiller
 Cooling towers and/or (180 C) (10 C)

boreholes discard both Warm


heat flows water

Boreholes

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(35 C)
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Solar desalination

 Technology options:
 Heat for Multi-stage flash distillation
(MSF)
 Power and heat for multi-effect
distillation (MED) – 2 power options
 District cooling and low temperature
MED
 Power for Reverse Osmosis (R-O)

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THE SOLAR BREAKTHROUGH

Hotter –
 intensely focused light
 captured efficiently
 high temperatures for efficient
cooling - 180 C
 Steam or pressurised water
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THE SOLAR BREAKTHROUGH

Faster –
 low thermal mass heats up
quickly – (10-30 min, full sun)
 essential for effective cooling

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THE SOLAR BREAKTHROUGH
Cheaper –
 thin flat glass mirror
 light structure, yet stiff and
strong
 mass production, simple
assembly
 tough against hail, high winds,
sand and dust, ultraviolet
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SOLAR ECONOMIES

 M.East has land and sun

 75% of power is for air-


conditioning

 Local solar air-conditioning or


district cooling, or solar electricity.
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HD500.e CPV – next year

 €2.60 /We installed.

 Higher kWh/kWe than flat


plate PV

 Solar farms and


distributed generation

 16 kWe peak modules


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HD economics

Takes up more land More compact


production - €c/(kWh/y)

500
Capital cost of energy

SES

Lower cost
400 Dish Stirling
Flat-plate PV
300
Andasol-1
Parabolic Trough
200

PS – 10
100 Power Tower HD - Solar Power

0
0 50 100 150 200

Energy yield per unit area - kWh/m2/y


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SOLAR PROJECT EXAMPLE

 10,000 sq m building,
 1,000 workers in building,
 1 MW of cooling
 2-effect absorption chiller
 0.85 MW solar field,
 Cost ~ €3m installed
 Solar plan area-
 4,000 sq m
 distance up to 500 m
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Real world – Abu Dhabi outputs
(~65% of peak capacity due to haze)
UAE HD16 daily energy v degree days+ load constant
10 Wh/day/kW, Degree-hours/day

1,200.00
1,000.00
800.00
600.00
400.00
200.00
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Implications

 Cooling loads do not reduce due to lower sunlight


 In summer peaks, loads can increase during periods of lower
sun
 Storage is important – especially cold water storage
 Ideally store ‘cold’ for several days
 Ice storage requires lower COP ammonia chillers (potential
safety issue)
 Fuel or grid back-up required if no without storage.
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Case study – office, design phase

 5 blocks of 1,000 sq m of  More than half load in


office space summer is dehumidification
of 10 l/p/s make-up air
 4,100 sq m rental space –
rapid build  2-effect chiller dehumidifier
appears more economic
 2 stories than desiccant wheel.

 720 person occupancy  Propane and grid ‘back-up’

 Central 150 RT 2-effect


chiller, fed by steam from 10
6-module arrays of HD16

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Key design factors

 Building orientation
 Roof hard points for mounting
 Personnel access
 Steam line routing
 Architectural design

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www.heliodynamics.com

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