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GenChemWorksheet3

1.

Howmanyneutrons,protons,andelectronsareinthefollowingspecies?
a.U
______p
______n
_______e
b.copper63

2.

______n

_______e

Whichatomhasthesamenumberofneutronsas52Cr?
a.50Fe

3.

______p

b.52Fe

c.56Fe

d.54Fe

e.59Fe

Findtheelement,chlorineintheperiodictable.Whatisthenumberofprotonsandelectronsinthiselement?
Whatistheatomicnumber?
Whatistheatomicweight?

4.

WhatisXintheisotopesymbol

14

X?
(a)X2+with36electrons

5.

IdentifytheelementXforthefollowingions:

6.

Listalltheelementsthathavechemicalpropertiessimilartothoseofboron?

(b)Xwith36electrons

7.
Naturallyoccuringcopperconsistsoftwostableisotopesthatcontributetotheaverageatomicweightofcopper.One
isotopeiscopper63,whichaccountsfor69.17%ofthetotalamountofnaturallyoccurringcopperandhasamassof62.94.
Calculatetheatomicmassoftheothernaturallyoccurringisotope.
8.Predictthetypeofbondsthatwouldformbetweenthefollowingelementsinacompound.
a.BandBr___________ b.NaandS___________ c.HandI___________
d.MgandN_____________
9.
Elementsgainorloseelectronstoformions.Writetheword"gain"or"lose"electronsbyeachsymbol,
ofelectrons,andtheionsymbol.

10.
a.Fe3+
11.

EX.

Alloses3etoformAl3+

a.N
c.Ca

___________etoform____
___________etoform______

b.O
d.Cs

e.Br

___________etoform______

e.__

___________etoform______
___________etoform______
___________etoformNi2+

Nametheseionsformedfromtheirelements
b.Br

c.Te2

d.P3

e.Sr2+

Howmanyneutrons,protons,andelectronsareinthefollowingspecies?

f.S2

thenumber

a.

59

Co3+

______p
b.Te2

12.

______n

_______e

______p

______n

_______e

HowmanyprotonsandelectronsdoestheU3+ionhave?

13.ElementXreactswithelementYtogiveaproductcontainingX3+ionsandY2ions.
a.IselementXametal,metalloid,ornonmetal?
b.IselementYametal,metalloid,ornonmetal?
c.Whatistheformulaoftheproductcompound?
d.WhatmaingroupsoftheperiodictableareelementsXandYlikelytobefoundin?

Answers
1.
Howmanyneutrons,protons,andelectronsareinthefollowingspecies?
a.U
___92___p
___143___n
____92___e
b.copper63
2.

3.
17e)

___29___p

____34__n

____29___e

Whichatomhasthesamenumberofneutronsas52Cr?

d.54Fe

a.50Fe

d.54Fe

b.52Fe

c.56Fe

e.59Fe

Findtheelement,chlorineintheperiodictable.Whatisthenumberofprotonsandelectronsinthiselement?(17pand
Whatistheatomicnumber?(17) Whatistheatomicweight?(35.45)

4.

WhatisXintheisotopesymbol

14

X?

X=C

5.IdentifytheelementXforthefollowingions:
6.

(a)X2+with36electrons (X=Sr) (b)Xwith36electrons(X=Br)

Listalltheelementsthathavechemicalpropertiessimilartothoseofboron?Elementsmustbeingroup3A:B,Al,etc.

7.
Naturallyoccurringcopperconsistsoftwostableisotopesthatcontributetotheaverageatomicweightofcopper.One
isotopeiscopper63,whichaccountsfor69.17%ofthetotalamountofnaturallyoccurringcopperandhasamassof62.94.
Calculatetheatomicmassoftheothernaturallyoccurringisotope.
0.6917x62.94+0.3083y=63.55

y=64.92

8.Predictthetypeofbondsthatwouldformbetweenthefollowingelementsinacompound.
a.BandBr=covalent
b.NaandH=ionic
c.HandI=covalent
d.MgandN=ionic
9.
Elementsgainorloseelectronstoformions.Writetheword"gain"or"lose"electronsbyeachsymbol,
ofelectrons,andtheionsymbol.

10.

EX.

Alloses3etoformAl3+

a.N
c.Ca

gains3etoformN3
loses2etoformCa2=

b.O
d.Cs

e.Br

gains1etoformBr

e.Ni

gains2etoformO2
loses1etoformCs+
loses2etoformNi2+

Nametheseionsformedfromtheirelements

a.Fe3+=iron(III)ion
b.Br=bromideion
c.Te2=tellurideion
2+
2+
e.Sr =strontiumion
f.S =sulfideion
11.

thenumber

Howmanyneutrons,protons,andelectronsareinthefollowingspecies?

d.P3=phosphideion

a.

59

Co3+

___27___p

___32___n

___24____e

___52___p

___76___n

___54____e

HowmanyprotonsandelectronsdoestheU3+ionhave?

92pand89e

b.Te2
12.

13.ElementXreactswithelementYtogiveaproductcontainingX3+ionsandY2ions.
a.IselementXametal,metalloid,ornonmetal?
X=metal
b.IselementYametal,metalloid,ornonmetal?
Y=nonmetal
c.Whatistheformulaoftheproductcompound?
X2Y3
d.WhatmaingroupsoftheperiodictableareelementsXandYlikelytobefoundin? X=3AandY=6A