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BIM and Green Building Design

A Total Sustainable Solution Approach


by

Dr.Uma Maheswaran,
LEED AP (BD+C), Cert. GMP (Spore), MASHRAE, PhD, MDBA, B.Arch

Vice President
Jurong Consultants Pte Ltd, Singapore

16th November 2011, Chennai, India

Key Challenges faced by Designers in Integrating


Sustainable Practices into Design Development
Eco Design Delivery Process Needs Integrated thinking
Building
Performance
Mandates

Site Survey, Climate


Analysis

Building Massing &


Orientation

Passive Design

Tender

Active Systems
Design

Computational
Simulations

Sustainability
Design
Construction
Environmental
Protection

Testing&
Commissioning

Measurement &
Verification

Key Challenges Faced by Designers in Integrating


Sustainable Practices into Design Development
State of Art Sustainability tools
Too many of them and only few use them
IAQ
Ventilation /
Airflow

Acoustics

Renewable
Energy

Tools

Energy
Modeling

Climatic
Analysis

Facade
Lighting
Systems

Key Challenges Faced by Designers in Integrating


Sustainable Practices into Design Development
State of Art Sustainability tools
Too many of them and only few use them
Apache
Sim
DOE-2

Faade Optimization
Heat gain/loss through faade.
HAP

Equipment Selection
Optimal selection of equipment

Energy
Modeling
Tools
Visual
DOE

ESP-r
Energy
Plus

Schedules & Operation


Optimal operational efficiency

Key Challenges Faced by Designers in Integrating


Sustainable Practices into Design Development
Designed by Researchers for the use of
practitioners

Design tools try and ease out the


designing and drawing process in
the form of providing visual
enhancement.

Architects are not hardcore


technical
professionals
and
sustainable practices in the past
have been engineers domain.

Sustainable design concepts are


always developed by researchers
who are domain specific experts.
Except for a few exceptions.

Role of BIM in Eco-Design Delivery Process


When is it essential to go Green during the design delivery
process? Timeliness of Information
Building Performance
Mandates

Site Survey, Climate Analysis

Building Massing & Orientation

Passive Design

Tender

Active Systems Design

Computational Simulations

Sustainability Design
Construction
Environmental
Protection

Testing&
Commissioning

Measurement & Verification

Early integration in process

Impact of Sustainability on Projects

Manage to transfer the decision making and the transparency of sustainable


inputs earlier in the project

ARCHITECTS INPUTS

Energy modeling, conducted late in the


project, sometimes even at the end of the
construction process

What is intended to help and improve the


design becomes a costly, time-consuming
exercise, which findings cannot be
implemented anymore

Conceptual
design

Detailed
design

Construction

Need for an Integrated Solution


PERFORMANCES MANDATES
SPATIAL PERFORMANCE
VISUAL PERFORMANCE

CLIMATE CONSCIOUS DESIGN

ENERGY PERFORMANCE
TARGET BASED DESIGN

ENERGY EFFICIENCY

THERMAL PERFORMANCE
ACOUSTIC PERFORMANCE

INNOVATIVE SYSTEMS DESIGN


WATER EFFICIENCY

INDOOR AIR QUALITY

EFFICIENT PERFORMANCE
MANAGEMENT

BUILDING INTEGRITY
PEOPLE MANAGEMENT

SUSTAINABLE CONSTRUCTION

INDOOR ENVIRONMENT
QUALITY

GREEN RATING SYSTEM /


GLOBAL SUSTAINABILITY INDICES

Building Information Modeling


Integrated Information Solutions

BIM tools are the current best solution


available for us to integrate the two
different thinking minds together by
embedding the required information in
to a designers tool.

BIM provides the opportunity to simplify


the technical requirements through
embedded programming.

BIM tools like Revit, Bentley BIM and


ArchiCAD provide the front end GUI
which is friendly to the designers and
familiar to them already.

Hevacomp
and TAS
Simulator

Ecotect
and Green
Building
Studio

Integrated
Solutions
from
Vendors

Eco
designer
from
Archicad

Localization

Most tools and softwares are designed for other countries, climates,
practices.

Singapore has a particular climate, and has its own codes and standards

Need of localizing the information to suit to the closest the practitioners


needs

Green mark tool

A one stop solution to a holistic Green Mark


assessment

RadianceIES: Rights to light

ApacheSim: Natural ventilation visualisation

VE-Compliance: energy reportage

MicroFlo: Airflow visualisation

FlucsDL: Daylighting levels

RadianceIES: Glare

SunCast: Solar penetration

VE-Ware / VE-Pro: EPC

MicroFlo: Airflow regimes

RadianceIES: Daylighting

RadianceIES: Daylighting

ApacheSim: Colour-coded results

ApacheHVAC: Detailed HVAC simulation

MicroFlo: Temperature contours

Tailored for all stages of Building Design and Operation


Users:
Planners / Architects
Analysis: Energy / Carbon
Shape / Form / Constructions

Users:

Energy / Facility Managers

Solar shading
Daylighting
Define:
Users:
Architects
Analysis: Energy / Carbon

Users:

Engineers

Shape / Form / Constructions

Define:

Solar shading
Daylighting
Compliance

Users:
Architects / Engineers
Analysis: Energy / Carbon (Constructions)
Solar shading
Daylighting
Check:
Compliance

Users:
Engineers (typically)
Analysis: HVAC / Renewables
Energy / Carbon
Detailed daylighting
Check:
Compliance

Green Mark tool BIM interoperability


Graphisoft ArchiCAD gbXML

Other gbXML
Google SketchUp

[IES Plug-ins]
Autodesk Revit

IES <VE> ModelIT

IFCs
(under test)

Navigator solution

Sustainability tailored to architects

Common
sustainable
analysis
themes

Each theme
is then
broken into
Navigators
guiding the
user
through the
analysis

Navigator solution

Sustainability tailored to architects


Specific results for each building project guides the architect through the early stage
design decisions (that will provide continuity to the wider design team at later stages
of design)

Report generation ability

Report generation ability

Report generation ability

Green Mark tool overview


The key components of the GM tool include:
- Energy Modeling
- ETTV/RTTV calculation
- Daylighting simulation
- Artificial lighting design and optimization
- MV systems design and optimization
- Energy efficient features
- Quantify Renewable energy credits
- Water savings potential calculations
- Validation of thermal comfort credits

Green Mark tool overview

Green Mark Navigators will


guide both the experienced and
novice user through the
workflow to perform a robust,
repeatable
and
quality
controlled
Green
Mark
assessment

Plug- Ins for Sketch-Up and Revit

Green Mark tool

GMT

Easy to use produce results at the touch of a few buttons

Data entry and outputs are managed


Based on real climate data and typical characteristics of buildings and systems

Green Mark tool for Architects


Tool tailored for architects

Early stage reportage guides


the architect towards
solutions that are proven to
work in their projects
climate.

Advantages to Architects
Simplify the process by creating a tool for easy decision making at every step of the
project, even (especially) at the conceptual level; a tool for architects with the same
precision but with simplicity
Automate and eliminate the time-consuming (ex. repetitive inputs), redundant steps in
the process, for the project team as well as for the assessors
Live update of simulation results and Green Mark scores, to grasp the impact at every
level of a change on the model: allows a true iterative process for improvement in the
design

Reportage: Samples
Report generation : Comprehensible

How does it ease Energy Modeling?

IN BUILT

FROM REVIT OR OTHER PLATFORMS

Way forward

Integrate more and more information interoperability between BIM tools


used by architects and software
The ultimate goal is to fully integrate it as a plug-in able directly from the
BIM tool to perform the required analysis
Completely eliminate any redundant input; move from geometrical
parameters to all data

Green Mark Tool


A sneak preview

THANK YOU