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DIAGRAM / DRAWING

DESIGN FORCES
Axial force, Pu

138.95 KN

Shear in X direction, Vx

24.63 KN

Shear in Y direction, Vy

19 KN

COLUMN / BEAM DETAILS


Section
Depth, Ds

TAPERED
380 mm

Width, Bs

200 mm

Thickness, ts

10 mm
248.21 N/mm2

Steel yield stregnth, Fyc


BASEPLATE DETAILS
Depth, Dbp

500 mm

Width, Bbp

400 mm

Thickness, tbp

24 mm
248.21 N/mm2

Steel yield stregnth, Fyb


BOLT DETAILS
Number of bolts, Nb

Number of bolts in single group column, N bc

Number of bolts in single group row, N br

Bolt spacing on x-axis, sdx

190 mm

Bolt spacing on y-axis, sdy

300 mm

Diameter of bolt, db
Bolt Grade
Tensile area, Aste = 0.25[db - (0.9743/nt)]2

= 0.25 3.14 [20 - (0.9743/0.4)]

Shear area, Asve = 0.25[db - (0.9743/nt)]2


Number of threads per inch
Specified yield strength of anchor steel, fya

= 0.25 3.14 [20 - (0.9743/0.4)]

Specified tensile strength of anchor steel, futa


Depth of anchorage to concrete, h ef

20 mm
8.8
365.22 mm2
365.22 mm2
0.40
640 N/mm2
800 N/mm2
150 mm

Eccentricty of axial load, e'n

0 mm

Eccentricty of shear load, e'v

0 mm

ACI 318M-11 Section RD.5.1.2


ACI 318M-11 Section RD.6.1.2

BOLT SPACING / CONCRETE EDGES

Concrete compressive strength, fck

45 N/mm
1500 mm

Thickness of concrete, tc
Distance from center of the baseplate to left edge of concrete, x cl

300 mm

Distance from center of the baseplate to right edge of concrete, x cr

300 mm

Distance from center of the baseplate to top edge of concrete, x ct

385 mm

Distance from center of the baseplate to bottom edge of concrete, x cb

385 mm

Edge distance left group column of bolt, cl

205 mm

Edge distance right group column of bolt, cr

205 mm

Edge distance top group row of bolt, ct

195 mm

Edge distance bottom group row of bolt, cb


Type of concrete

275 mm
cracked

LRFD REDUCTION FACTORS


Compression, c

0.65

Flexure, b
Weld shear, v

AISC 360-10 Section F1

0.75

AISC 360-10 Section J2

= 138.95 / 2

69.475 KN

Tension force on single bolt, Tb = Pu / Nb

= 138.95 / 4

34.74 KN

= 69.475 x (95 / 1000)

ACI 318M-11 Section 9.3.2.2

0.9

BOLT TENSION COMPUTATION


Tension force on each column of bolts, T u = Pu / 2

BASEPLATE BENDING CHECK


Effective width of base plate (45 distribution) for bending, b eff
Lever arm to the column web face, e
Bending moment acting on the baseplate, Mup = Tu e

360 mm
95 mm
6.6 KN-m

= [(4 6.6 10) / (360 0.9 248.21)]


18.12 mm
Thickness required, tpreq = [4Mup 105 / (beff b Fyb)]0.5
Thickness of required / Thickness of baseplate < 1.0; 18.12 / 24 = 0.76 < 1.0; OK FOR BASEPLATE THICKNESS

SHEAR LUG CHECK


FIGURE

Depth check
Direction of shear force where lug is needed
Shear in the direction selected, F v

Along X (Shear Vx)


(= Vx)

24.63 KN

Length of shear lug, llug

500 mm

Thickness of shear lug, tlug

20 mm

Depth of shear lug, hlug

85 mm

Grout / Shim thickness, Gld


Effective depth of shear lug, hlugE = hlug - Gld

20 mm
= 85 - 20

65 mm

248.21 N/mm2
= 24.63 10 / (0.65 0.85 45 500)
1.43 mm
Depth required of lug, h lreq = Fv 103/ (c 0.85 fck llug)
Depth required / Depth of shear lug < 1.0; 1.43 / 85 = 0.02 < 1.0; OK FOR DEPTH OF SHEAR LUG
Steel yield stregnth, Fyl

Shear check
Dist from left edge of shear lug to left conc. edge, c llug = xcl - tlug/2

= 300 - (20 / 2)

290 mm

Dist from right edge of shear lug to right conc. edge, c rlug = xcr - tlug/2

= 300 - (20 / 2)

290 mm

Dist from top edge of shear lug to top conc. edge, c tlug = xct - llug/2

= 385 - (500 / 2)

135 mm

Dist from bot. edge of shear lug to bot. conc. edge, c blug = xcb - llug/2

= 385 - (500 / 2)

135 mm

Length of shear area, Lva = min(ctlug, crlug) + min(cblug, crlug) + llug

= 135 + 135 + 500

770 mm

Depth of shear area, Dva = min(crlug + hlug, tc)

= min (290 + 65, 1500)

Projected shear area, Avlug = (Lva Dva) - (llug hluge)

= (770 355) - (500 65)

ACI 318M-11 Section 10.14

355 mm
240850 mm

Shear strength of concrete in front of lug, Vu = 4 v fck Avlug


= 4 0.75 45 240850 /1000
4847.01 KN
Shear Fv / Shear strength < 1.0; 24.63 / 4847.01 = 0.01 < 1.0; OK FOR SHEAR ON CONCRETE
Bending moment check
Bending moment on the lug, Mul = Fv (Gld + hlug/2)
= 24.63 [(20 + (85 / 2) / 1000]
1.54 KN-m

ACI 349 Section D.11.2

= [(4 1.54 10) / (500 0.9 248.21)]


7.43 mm
Thickness required, tlreq = [4Mul 105 / (llug b Fyl)]0.5
Thickness required / thickness of shear lug < 1.0; 7.43 / 20 = 0.37 < 1.0; OK THICKNESS OF SHEAR LUG
WELD CHECK
Shear lug weld
Thickness of weld, Dwl

8 mm

Distance between centroid of welds, swl = tlug + Dwl 1/3 2

= 20 + 8 1/3 2

Axial force on weld per mm, fcl = Mul / (swl llug)

= 1.54 10 / (25.33 500)

Shear force on weld per mm, fvl = Fv / (2 llug)

= 24.63 10 / (2 500)

24.63 N/mm

Resultant weld load, frl = (fcl2 + fvl2)0.5

= (121.59 + 24.63)

124.06 N/mm

AISC 360-10 Section J2

90
E70XX
482.63 N/mm2
434.367 N/mm2

AISC 360-10 Section J2

Angle of loading, l
Electrode classification
Filler metal classification strength, F exxl
Nominal stress of the weld metal, F nwl = 0.60 FEXXL (1.0 + 0.50 sin1.5 )

= 0.60 482.63 [1.0 + 0.50 sin(90)]

25.33 mm
121.59 N/mm

5.66 mm2/mm
Design strength of weld, RNl = vFnwlAwe
= 0.75 434.367 5.656
1842.58 N/mm AISC 360-10 Section J2
Resultant shear load / Shear capacity of weld < 1.0; 124.06 / 1842.58 = 0.07 < 1.0; OK FOR WELDING OF LUG
Effective area of the weld, Awel = 0.707Dwl Unit length

Axial force for weld on column

= 0.707 8 1

Tension flange weld leg length, twf

8 mm

Effective width of base plate (45 distribution) for bending, b eff

360 mm

Tensile load per mm, FVLC = Tu / beff

= 69.475 1000 /360

192.99 N/mm

Angle of loading, c
Electrode classification
Filler metal classification strength, F exxc
Nominal stress of the weld metal, F nwc = 0.60 FEXXC (1.0 + 0.50 sin

1.5

= 0.60 482.63 [1.0 + 0.50 sin(90)]

90
E70XX
482.63 N/mm2
434.367 N/mm2

5.66 mm2/mm
Design strength of weld, RNC= vFnwcAwe
= 0.75 434.367 5.656
1842.58 N/mm AISC 360-10 Section J2
Required tensile load / Tensile capacity of weld < 1.0; 192.99 / 1842.58 = 0.1 < 1.0; OK FOR WELDING OF COLUMN
Column flange check
Local stress on flange, fTCL = Tu / (beff ts)
= 69.475 1000 / (360 10)
19.30 N/mm2
Effective area of the weld, Awec= 0.707twf Unit length

= 0.707 8 1

Column flange allowable stress, F ycap = 0.6Fyc


= 248.21 0.6
148.93 N/mm2
Local stress on column flange / Flange stresngth < 1.0; 19.3 / 148.926 = 0.13 < 1.0; OK COLUMN YIELDING
Shear force for weld on column
Shear web weld leg length, tww

AISC 360-10 Section F1

8 mm

Shear in the direction selected, F v

(= Vx)

Shear weld web force per mm, F VLW = Fv / [2 (Ds - 2 ts)]

24.63 KN
= 24.63 1000 / [2 (380 - 2 10)]

Nominal stress of the weld metal, F nww = 0.60 FEXXC (1.0 + 0.50 sin1.5 )
Effective area of the weld, Awew= 0.707tww Unit length

= 0.60 482.63 [1.0 + 0.50 sin(90)]

= 0.707 8 1

34.21 N/mm
434.367 N/mm2
5.66 mm2/mm

Design strength of weld, RNw= vFnwwAwew


= 0.75 434.367 5.66
1843.89 N/mm AISC 360-10 Section J2
Required hear weld on column / Weld strength < 1.0; 34.21 / 1843.89 = 0.02 < 1.0; OK FOR WELDING OF COLUMN
ANCHOR BOLT CHECK
LRFD Reduction Factors
Tension of steel element, ts

0.75

ACI 318M-11 Section D.4.4

Shear of steel element, vs

0.65

ACI 318M-11 Section D.4.4

Concrete tension, tc

0.75

ACI 318M-11 Section D.4.4

Concrete shear, vc

0.75

ACI 318M-11 Section D.4.4

Concrete tension for pullout, tcB

0.70

ACI 318M-11 Section D.4.4

Concrete shear for pryout, vcB

0.70

ACI 318M-11 Section D.4.4

Forces on bolt
FIGURE

Tension force on group of bolts, P u

138.95 KN

Tension force on group column of bolts, T gb = Pu / 2

69.48 KN

Tension on single bolt, TSB = Pu / Nb


Shear on single bolt, Vsb =

34.74 KN

Vy / Nb

Assuming force affects only the bottom row of bolts, V sbr =

Vy / No. of columns

= 19 / 4

4.75 KN

= 19 / 2

9.50 KN

Check for tension capacity of steel anchor


ACI 318M-11 Section D.5.1.2
Tension capacity of the steel anchor, Tcap = ts fya Ase
= 0.75 640 365.22 / 1000
175.31 KN
Tension on single anchor / Tension capacity < 1.0; 34.74 / 175.31 = 0.2 < 1.0; OK FOR TENSION ON ANCHOR BOLT
Check for shear capacity of steel anchor
ACI 318M-11 Section D.6.1.2
Nominal strength of an anchor in shear, V sa = vsAsve futa
= 0.65 365.22 800 / 1000
189.92 KN
Shear on anchor / Shear Capacity < 1.0; 4.75 / 189.92 = 0.03 < 1.0; OK FOR SHEAR ON ANCHOR BOLT
Shear on anchor on bottom anchors / Shear Capacity < 1.0; 9.5 / 189.92 = 0.05 < 1.0; OK FOR SHEAR ON ANCHOR BOLT

Check for concrete breakout for group of anchors


FIGURE

Coeff for breakout strength in tension, kc


Concrete modifcation factor,
Modification factor for cast-in anchor in concrete, a = 1.0

= 1.0 1
0.5

Breakout strength of a single anchor in tension, N b = kc a (fck

hefe)

= [10 1 (45 136.67)] /1000

10
1.0
1

ACI 318M-11 Section D.5.2.2

107.18 KN

ACI 318M-11 Section D.5.2.2

ACI 318M-11 Section 8.6.1


ACI 318M-11 Section D.3.6

419973 mm2
205 mm

Projected concrete failure area of a group of anchors, A NC


Maximum edge distance less than or equal to the actual 1.5h ef, ca,max
Effective depth of anchor, hefe = max(ca,max, s/3)

136.67 mm

Projected concrete failure area of a single anchor, A NCO = 9 hefe2

= 9 136.67

Modification factor for anchor groups eccentrically,ec,N = min[1, 1/1 + (2e'n/3hef)]


Minimum edge distance, Ca,min = min(cl,cr,ct,cb)

= min(1, 1/1+(2 0 / 3 150)

= min(205, 205, 195, 275)

Modification factor for edge effects, ed,N = if ca,min 1.5hef = 1.0, otherwise 0.7 + 0.3ca,min/1.5hefe

168108.2 mm3
1
195 mm

ACI 318M-11 Section D.5.2.1


ACI 318M-11 Section D.5.2.4
ACI 318M-11 Section D.5.2.5

0.985

ACI 318M-11 Section D.5.2.5

Modification factor for cracked/uncracked at service loads concrete, c,N

ACI 318M-11 Section D.5.2.6

Modification factor for cracked/uncracked concrete, cp,N

ACI 318M-11 Section D.5.2.7

Nominal concrete breakout strength in tension for anchor group, N cbg = ANC / ANCO ed,N c,N cp,N Nb
= (419973 / 168108.2001) 1 0.985 1 1 107.18
263.74 KN
Concrete breakout strength, Ncbg = tcNcbg
= 0.75 263.74
197.805 KN
Tension on anchors / Concrete breakout strength < 1.0; 138.95 / 197.805 = 0.7 < 1.0; OK FOR CONCRETE BREAKOUT
Check for concrete pull-out for single anchor
Net bearing area of the head of single anchor, A brg
Pullout strength in tension of a single headed stud, N p = 8 Abrg fck

= 8 422.23 45 / 1000

Modification factor for anchor on cracked concrete, c,P

422.23 mm2
152 KN
1

ACI 349 Table 4(b)


ACI 318M-11 Section D.5.3.4
ACI 318M-11 Section D.5.3.6

ACI 318M-11 Section D.5.3.1


Pullout strength in tension of a single headed stud, N pn = tcB c,P Np
= 0.7 1 152
106.4 KN
Tension on single anchor / Anchor pullout strength < 1.0; 34.74 / 106.4 = 0.33 < 1.0; OK FOR ANCHOR PULL-OUT

Check for side face blowout of group of anchors


Check for requirements
Depth of anchorage to concrete, h ef
Direction of shear
Concrete edge distance in the direction of shear in check, c a1
For side blow out to occur the both criteria must be met
he > 2.5ca1
= 150 < 2.5 195 = 487.5
anchor spacing < 6ca1

= 300 < 6 195 = 1170

Factor for ratio of perpedicular edge distances, ed


Nominal side-face blowout strength, N sb = ed (13ca1 Abrg0.5) a fck0.5

150 mm
Edge distance top group row of bolt, ct
195 mm
Edge is far and no need for side blow-out check
Edge is far and no need for side blow-out check
0.487805

= 0.48780487804878 (13 195 422.23) 1 45


170.45 KN

Side face blow-out strength, Nsbg = tc (1 + s/6ca1)Nsb


= 0.75(1 + 300 / 6 195) 170.45
160.62 KN
Tension on single anchor / Concrete blowout strength < 1.0; 138.95 / 160.62 = 0.87 < 1.0; OK FOR SIDE FACE BLOWOUT

Check for concrete breakout in shear for bolts in front of shear (All forces acting on front bolt)
Shear in the direction of the bolt (perp. to the shear lug), F vC

19 KN

Actual edge distance in the direction of shear, ca1s

195 mm

Actual edge distance perpendicular to shear direction, c a2s1

205 mm

Actual edge distance perpendicular to shear direction, c a2s2 (min(actual edge dist, 1.5ca1s)

292.5 mm

Actual edge distance perpendicular to shear direction, c a2s (min ca2s1,ca2s2)


Spacing of anchor in shear, s
Depth of concrete, ha (tc)

205 mm
190 mm
1500 mm

Limiting concrete depth, h'a = min(ha, 1.5ca1s)

292.5

Limiting value for min of ca1sx and max of the following:

195 mm

ca2s,max / 1.5
ha / 1.5
s/3
Projected shear concrete area, Avc =

= 292.5 /1.5

195 mm

= 1500 /1.5
= 190 /3

1000.00 mm
63.33 mm
2

Projected concrete failure area of a single anchor, A vco = 4.5 c'a1s

175500 mm
171112.5 mm3
20 mm

= 4.5 195

Diameter of bolt, da
Load bearing length of anchor for shear, le = hef
Conc. breakout strength in shear, Vb1 =
Conc. breakout strength in shear, Vb2 =

ACI 318M-11 Section D.6.2.1

ACI 318M-11 Section D.6.2.1


ACI 318M-11 Section D.6.2.1

150 mm
0.2

0.5
0.5
1.5
[0.6(le/da) da ]afck ca1s
3.7afck0.5ca1s1.5

= [0.6 (150/20) 1 20 195 1.5 /1000

73.339 KN

ACI 318M-11 Section D.6.2.2

= 3.7 1 20 195 1.5 /1000

67.586 KN

ACI 318M-11 Section D.6.2.2

67.586 KN

ACI 318M-11 Section D.6.2.2

Conc. breakout strength in shear, Vb = Min Vb1, Vb2


Modification factor for anchor groups eccentrically,ec,V = min[1, 1/1 + (2e'v/3ca1s)]

= min(1, 1/1+(20 / 3 150)

Modification factor for edge effects, ed,V = if ca2s 1.5ca1s = 1.0, otherwise 0.7 + 0.3ca2s/1.5ca1s
Modification factor for cracked/uncracked at service loads concrete, c,V
Modification factor for edge dist., eh,V = if ha < 1.5ca1s = (1.5ca1s/ha)0.5

= 1500 > 292.5

ACI 318M-11 Section D.6.2.5

0.91

ACI 318M-11 Section D.6.2.6

ACI 318M-11 Section D.6.2.7

ACI 318M-11 Section D.6.2.8

Nominal concrete breakout strength in shear for anchor group, V cbg = AVC / AVCO ec,V ed,V c,V h,V Vb
= (175500 / 171112.5) 1 0.91 1 1 67.586
63.08 KN
Concrete breakout strength, Vcbg = vcVcbg
= 0.75 63.08
47.31 KN
Shear on anchors / Concrete breakout strength < 1.0; 19 / 47.31 = 0.4 < 1.0; OK FOR CONCRETE BREAKOUT
Check for pryout of anchor in shear
Coefficient for pryout strength, kcp

Nominal pryout strength of anchor in shear, N cpg = Ncbg

197.805 KN

Pryout strength of anchor in shear, Vcpg = vcb kcp Ncpg


= 0.7 2 197.805
276.927 KN
Shear on anchors / Concrete breakout strength < 1.0; 19 / 276.927 = 0.07 < 1.0; OK FOR ANCHOR PRYOUT
INTERACTION OF TENSILE AND SHEAR FORCES
Nominal strength in tension, Nn = Ncbg

197.805 KN

Applied tension force, Nua

138.95 KN

Nominal strength in shear, Vn = Vcbg

47.31 KN

Applied shear force, Vua

19 KN

Criteria for interaction of shear and tensile force to be needed for checking (any criteria)
Vua / Vn < 0.2
= 19 / 47.31
Nua / Nn < 0.2
Interaction between shear and tension
Vua / Vn + Nua / Nn 1.2

= 138.95 / 197.805

0.40

Check is needed

0.70

Check is needed

= (19 / 47.31) + (138.95 / 197.805) = 1.104


THEREFORE OK FOR SHEAR AND TENSION INTERACTION

ACI 318M-11 Section D.6.3.1


ACI 318M-11 Section D.6.3.1
ACI 318M-11 Section D.6.3.1