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EXPRESSING INVITATION, REQUEST, ASKING AND

GIVING PERMISSION
EXPRESSING INVITATION, REQUEST, ASKING AND GIVING PERMISSION
Read the dialogue and then answer the questions.
Mrs. Thufailah : Najmi, have you finished washing the dishes?
Najmi : Yes, I have mom.
Mrs. Thufailah : Would you like to go to the shop and buy some ketchup? Its gone.
Najmi : I just brought it last night.
Mrs. Thufailah : I couldnt find it. Where did you put it?
Najmi : Wait for a minute mom. I am coming down .. (after a few minutes). Here you
are, mom.
Mrs. Thufailah : Oh, you put it there. You should put it at its usual place. Can you help
me to cook?
Najmi : Surely, mom. What do you want me to do now?
Mrs. Thufailah : Get some chicken from the refrigerator, cut it into small pieces and
wash it, okay?
Najmi : Yes, mum. .. (after a few minutes)
I am through, mum. Here you are.
Mrs. Thufailah : Could you help me to set the table? Your father may be at home soon.
Najmi : Are we going to have dinner at home? He usually doesnt.
Mrs. Thufailah : He said he would be home for dinner today.
Najmi : Alright. Ill do it .. (the telephone is ringing)
Hello, this is Najmi. Who is calling, please?
Hilal : Dont you recognize my voice? This is Hilal.
Najmi : Hi, Hilal. What happen?
Hilal : Well, nothing special. Well, actually I want you to go with me to a book fair.
Najmi : Not at the moment, please. I am now busy helping my mom preparing for dinner.
Hilal : What a dilligent girl. Okey I understand. How about if we go in this afternoon at 3
or 4 p.m.?
Najmi : Wait for a moment. Ill ask my mom first, okay? .. Mom, can I go with Hilal to a
book fair this afternoon?
Mrs. Thufailah : Dont you have any lectures?
Najmi : Im free and have no lecture this afternoon.
Mrs. Thufailah : If so, of course you may go. But, be at home before 7 p.m.. Remember,
were having dinner together tonight.

Najmi : Thanks mom. Hallo Hilal, are you still there?


Hilal : Does your mom let you go with me?
Najmi : Yes, she does. Can you pick me up?
Hilal : Ill be there at three, okay?
Najmi : Okey. Dont be late.
Hilal : Bye.
Najmi : Bye.
Questions:
1. What has Najmi just done?
2. What does her mother want her to do?
3. How does she express it?
4. Does she go to the shop to buy the ketchup? Why?
5. Why couldnt her mother find where it was?
6. What else does her mother want her to do?
7. How does she express it?
8. Your father may be at home in.. what does the word may express?
9. Who is calling while Najmi setting the table?
10. Why does she call?
11. Where do they want to go?
12. Can Najmi go? Why?
13. What does Najmi say to get permission from her mother?
14. Can Hilal pick up Najmi?
15. What time will Hilal be at Najmis house?

Expressing Surprise, Belief, and Unbelief


EXPRESSING SURPRISE, BELIEF, AND UNBELIEF
Text 1
A : Mr. Agus didnt teach us this morning.
B : What a surprise. He is never absent before.
Answer the questions below.
1. Who was the teacher?
2. Where did the conversation take place?

3. What is the relationship between the two speakers?


4. Underline the words expressing surprise.
Text 2
A : Dad, my friends and I plan to climb Mount Lawu next week.
B : You are kidding! This is hard rainy season. It will be dangerous up there.
Answer the questions below.
1. Who will go to the mountain?
2. Where did the conversation take place?
3. What is the relationship between the two speakers?
4. Underline the words expressing surprise.
Text 3
Dina : Good heavens! Look at this. It says a pilot was nearly sucked out of the window of his
plane. It was in mid air.
Sandi : Really? He wasnt killed, was he?
Dina : No, it says he was hanging out of the window while the plane was 23,000 feet in the air.
Sandi : I dont understand. The windows didnt break, did it?
Dina : Yes it did. Actually.
Answer the questions below.
1. Who are involved in the dialogue above?
2. Who are they?
3. What are Dina and Sandi talking about?
4. How was the pilot condition?
5. How was the plane condition?
Make short dialogues based on the situation.
1. Your handphone was stolen. Your close friend, Kristina, did it.You surprised.
2. Your headmistress annonces that you are the winner of the writing contest of your
school. You surprise.
Text 4
Dona : Watch that! A man eats nails and glasses. Wouw.! Thats out of logic.
Mita : Whats programme do you watch?
Dona : I watch Guiness Book World of Record!
Mita : Oh, thats an interesting programme.
Dona : Do you believe that one can do something like that?
Mita : Me? I believe that. What about you?
Dona : I dont believe it.
Mita : Up to you!
Answer the questions below.

1. What did Dona see last night?


2. What did the programme about?
3. Do you believe that?
4. Do you have special experience that someone does something strange?
5. What did Mita say to express that she believes man can do strange thing?
6. What did Dona say to express that she doesnt believe man can do strange thing?
7. Find out expressions showing believing and unbelieving?
Make short dialogues based on the situation.
1. Your friend told you that he was safe from a train accident.
2. Someone tells you that he can make you rich just in a few days.
3. Someone was cut his head but he didnt die.
4. A ghost haunted you last night.
Words expressing surprise and unbelief
Really
What a surprise
Are you serious
Youre kidding
Tell me its not true
Thats out of logic

UNDERSTANDING OR EXPRESSING REQUEST,


ASKING, GIVING AND REFUSING PERMISSION
November 3, 2008
UNDERSTANDING OR EXPRESSING REQUEST, ASKING, GIVING AND REFUSING
PERMISSION
(Mengungkapkan permintaan, memberi dan memberikan ijin)
Study the following dialogue.
Jane : Is it a new car John?
John : Yes, it is a brand new Peugeut 307. Is it all right if I park my car here?
Jane : Im sorry thats not allowed. It is too close to the intersection. The car on the right side
can not see it.
John : Over there, I think. There, it will not disturb the traffic.
Jane : Yes, thats fine. It is behind my house. What brings you here?

John : I remember you bought a Nikon camera long time ago.


Jane : Oh, my old camera. Yes, I did. Why?
John : Do you mind if I borrow that camera for a few days?
Jane : Sure, John, but are you kidding? You drive an expensive car but you dont have a
camera.
John : it is urgent. I dont know where mine is. My friend from British Consulate called me last
week. I have to take pictures of Queen Elizabeth at the Buckingham palace next
week. Her photos will be exhibited in Time magazine next month.
Jane : Wow! Congratulations, John.
John : Thank you, Jane.
Answer these questions.
1. Who are involved in the dialogue above?
2. Who has a new car?
3. Why did he want to borrow Janes camera?
4. What is John?
5. I dont know . where mine is. What does the word mine refer to?
6. In the conversation above which sentences express:
A request
Asking permission
Giving permission
Refusing permission
7. Now try to create a short dialogue using other expressions of request, asking, giving and
refusing permission.

EXPRESSING COMPLIMENTING/UPRAISING
EXPRESSING COMPLIMENTING/UPRAISING
(Memberikan pujian)
Text 1
Nabila : Hi, Sari! How are things?
Sari : Fine, and you?
Nabila : Im feeling great today. How was your weekend at the beach?
Sari : Terrific! We had a lovely time there. You should go there.

Nabila : Really? Hey, what a beautiful blouse you are wearing, it matches your skirt.
Sari : Thanks. My mother gave it to me on my birthday.
Nabila : Wow! Thats wonderful. Oh, Sari, I almost forget. Can I ask you something?
Sari : Oh, sure. Whats up?
Nabila : Have you finished typing the annual report we made last week?
Sari : Yes, mean this?
Nabila : Yeah, Hmmm, I think this report is excellent. Thanks a lot Sari. You did a great
job. Now I have to give it to the director immediately.
Sari : OK. Youd better hurry. He may be waiting for it.
Nabila : Well, he probably is. Thanks again, Sari. Have a nice day!
Answer the following questions.
1. Who are involved in the dialogue above?
2. Where does the conversation take place?
3. What is the relationship of the two speakers?
4. Who went to the beach?
5. Did she enjoy it?
6. What is she wearing?
7. What does Nabila say to compliment Sari?
8. Who made the annual report?
9. Did Sari do it well?
10. What does Sari say to compliment Sari?
Text 1
Listen to the conversation and fill in the blanks.
Annisa : Wow! Thats a dress, Dinahyu. Is it new?
Dinahyu : Yes, it is.
Annisa : The colour and the model on you.
Dinahyu : Oh, do you really think so? I am really fond of this dress.
Annisa : Did you make it yourself?
Dinahyu : Certainly no, Anis. My aunt gave it to me as a birthday gift.
Annisa : Did she? What a you have!
Answer the following questions.
1. Who are having the dialogue?
2. Where are they having conversation?
3. Who is wearing a new dress?
4. Does she like the dress? Underline the words expressing her like!
5. Who made her dress?
6. Why did her aunt give the dress?
7. Underline the words expressing compliment!

Make short conversations based on these situations.


1. You want to tell your friend, Rini that you liked her chicken steak she cooked you
yesterday.
2. You are a teacher and you want to compliment Iwan, one of your students, on his good
composition.
3. You are a personal manager. Give a compliment to one of your staff on his work and that
you want to raise his salary.
4. You are a father and you are complimenting your son on his good semester report.

EXPRESSING HAPPINESS /PLEASURE


June 17, 2008
EXPRESSING HAPPINESS /PLEASURE
Text 1
Hilal : Hi, Najmi! Havent seen you for a long time. How is it going?
Najmi : Oh, hi Hilal.. Its great, thanks. How is everything with you?
Hilal : Well, Im fine. As a matter of fact, I was promoted as a manager.
Najmi : Wow, thats really great. Im glad to hear that. Im sure you will have a good
career.
Hilal : Thank you. And how about you? Ive heard you are a secretary now.
Najmi : Yes, youre right. Thats what I want since I was young.
Answer the following questions.
1.Who are involved in the dialogue above?
2.What is the relationship between Hilal and Najmi?
3.Where does the conversation take place?
4.Who works as a secretary?
5.What does Najmi say to express her happiness?
Text 2
Najmi : Have you ever heard that Icha and Doni are getting married?
Hilal : Oh, really? What a surprise. Im very pleased to hear that. When is the wedding?
Najmi : Next week. Will you come to their wedding party.
Hilal : Of course. How about you?
Najmi : Ill go there with my husband. Well, if you want we can go there together.
Hilal : All right. Pick me up at 1.
Answer the following questions.
1.Who are involved in the dialogue above?

2.What is the relationship between Nico and Olga?


3.Where does the conversation take place?
4.When will the wedding party?
5.Who will come to the wedding party?
Task 1
Give responses to the following statements using appropriate expressions of pleasure.
1.Your father is promoted to be a sergeant.
2.Japan government gives you a scholarship to continue your study there.
3.Your brother is getting married
4.You got the first rank in writing competition.
5.Your mother is awarded as the best mother of the year.
6.You are chosen as the best student at school.
7.Your team won the match.
8.Your best friend recorded a new album.
Note:
People express their happiness when they get good news or special thing.
Expression of pleasure
Im happy to hear that
Im glad you think so
That would be great
That sounds nice
Fantastic
What a wonderful day
Its the most beautiful place Ive ever seen.
I love it
I like it very much
Responses
Id love too
You are right
I think so
I do, too

EXPRESSING SYMPATHY

EXPRESSING SYMPATHY
Hilal : Hi, Najmi. This is Hilal. Do you still remember me?
Najmi : Oh, Hilal. How are you?
Hilal: : Fine, thank you. And how have you been?
Najmi ; I feel great. Why are you here?
Hilal : Well, I want to visit my nephew. Listen, Najmi. I would like to apologize for not
being able to present at your wedding party.
Najmi : Thats all right. But you missed meeting our old friends.
Hilal : I know. Well, actually I was on our way to your party when suddenly a car hit me.
Najmi : Oh, dear. Thats awful. Are you OK?
Hilal : I was fine. But I had to my car.
Najmi : I am so glad you are safe from the accident. Why dont you come to my hose
then?
Answer the questions below.
1. Who are involved in the dialogue above?
2. Where does the conversation take place?
3. Who got married?
4. Who had an accident?
5. Why did the accident happen?
6. What does Najmi say to express her sympathy?
Task 1
What do you say to a friend who tells you that:
1. he/she lost his/her money.
2. he/she cut herself when she was cooking.
3. he/she has just lost his/her new motorcycle.
4. he/she fell down from the tree.
5. his/her brother has been hospitalized.
6. he/she couldnt pass the exam.
7. someone you knew and liked very much was sick.
8. someone has stolen his/her money.
9. he/she was hit by a car.
10. he/she failed the driving test.
Task 2
Write dialogues based on the following situation:
1. You heard that your brothers favourite futsal team lost the match.
2. You saw a man got an accident. He was badly injured. Now, he is in the hospital. You
want to tell his parent.
3. You want to tell your friend that he has failed his final test.

SHOWING ATTENTION
SHOWING ATTENTION
Expressing of getting ones attention
(Hilal is watching radio in the living room. Najmi comes.)
Najmi : Pardon me, Hilal.
Hilal : Yes? What happened?
Najmi : Can you turn the radio down? I want to phone Deny.
Hilal : No problem.
Najmi : Thank you very much.
(Telephoning her friends, Najmi walks into the dining room where her mother and father
are eating.)
Mother : Do you want to have more, dad?
Father : No, I am full.
Najmi : Im sorry for interrupting you, but I want to tell important news.
Mother : What is it, dear?
Najmi : Mom, dad. Deny will propose me next week. I hope you will agree.
Father & mother : Oh, thats very good news. Of course, we dont mind of that.
Answer the following questions.
1. Who are involved in the dialogue above?
2. What did Hilal do when Najmi came?
3. What did Najmi ask Hilal to do?
4. Why did Najmi ask that?
5. How did Najmi ask that?
6. What did Najmi say to interrupt her mother and father conversation?

OFFERING SOMETHING

OFFERING SOMETHING
(In the afternoon, Najmi and Hilal were very hungry. Theywanted to eat something, and
then found a restaurant. The menu looked very delicious. They chose a table, sat down,
and read the menu. Then they waited. At last the waiter comes.)
Waiter : What would you like to eat, Madam?
Najmi : Well, Id like salad, please.
Waiter : What kind of dressing do you like? We have French, Italian, and blue cheese.
Najmi : Er, Blue cheese, please.
Waiter : Salad with Blue cheese, Is there anything else?
Najmi : Yes, Ill have some garlic bread and a glass of mango juice.
Waiter : (to Hilal) How about you, what do you want to order?
Hilal : Pizza large, with ice tea, please.
Waiter : Wait for a moment please. The food will be ready not more than fifteen minutes.
Najmi : Sure.
Answer the following questions briefly.
1. Who are involved in the dialogue above?
2. How does the menu look like?
3. What do they order?
4. What does the waiter say to offer the menu?
5. Where does the conversation take place?

Announcement
Salah satu materi kelas X adalah Announcement. Berikut ini adalah contoh teks
dan pertanyaan yang bisa dibacakan oleh guru sebagai latihan Listening untuk
siswa. Sebelumnya, guru bisa memperkenalkan kata-kata yang dianggap sulit
kepada siswa.
Text 1
Attention, please!
Continental executive bus will be leaving for Bukit Tinggi through Pekan Baru at
14.40. would passengers now board the bus?
Text 2

Beta supermarket New Year sale. We offer special prices for the following items only for
a week. You can get one kilo of sugar, regular price: Rp. 6.800,- for only Rp. 5.000
rupiah. Ten kilograms of rice, regular price: Rp. 70.000,- for only 50.000,- Dont miss it.
Text 3
Thank you for visiting our show room. Here, we are going to show you a new
product. A fantastic vacuum cleaner and how it works. First, fix the hose. Plug the
cord into the socket. Then start the vacuum cleaner by pushing the on button. No
sweeping no wasting time.
Text 4
Good morning,
Before we start working today, Id like to remind you of this. As a supervisor who
monitors the projects, make sure everything is in the place. First, about the working
hours. Work starts at 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Workers should remain in the area during nap
period. Punctuality is obligatory. Second, you have to take good care all of the tools
you used. Dont forget to put them away when you have finished. Thats all I want to
say this morning. Happy working.
Answer the questions below.
1.
Which bus goes to Bukit Tinggi?
2.
What time is the bus leaving?
3.
What is the special price of one kg of sugar?
4.
What kind of items is on sale?
5.
Where does the information come from?
6.
What product is being explained?
7.
What do you do after fix the hose?
8.
What time should the employees start working?
9.
What does the company want the workers to be?
10. What is the purpose of the speech?

EXPRESSING OPINION
November 3, 2008

EXPRESSING OPINION
(Memberikan pendapat)
Assistant : Good morning, Miss. Can I help you?

Tiara : Yes, please. I need a pair of shoes and also a pair of jeans.
Nana : And I want to buy a hat and dress.
Assistant : Oh.. You can find it there.
Tiara : Nana, come here! What do you think about this pair of jeans?
Nana : I think that its suitable for you.
Tiara : But, I dont like the colour.
Nana : It seems that this one is suitable for you. This is blue! Your favourite colour.
Tiara : Yes, correct. I will take this one. And what about you?
Nana : Wait a moment. Ill choose one of these hats.
Tiara : What colour do you want?
Nana : I want red colour.
Tiara : What about this red one?
Nana : This is very sweet. Ill try it first.
Tiara : Where is the sitting room?
Assistant : The fitting room is at the corner.
Nana : Ok. Lets go there.
Answer the following questions.
1. Where is the dialogue take place?
2. What does Nana think about the jean that is chosen by Tiara?
3. What colour does Nana want?
4. Does Tiara agree with Nanas opinion?
5. Where is the fitting room?

EXPRESSING SATISFACTION AND DISSATISFACTION


EXPRESSING SATISFACTION AND DISSATISFACTION
(Mengungkapkan rasa puas dan tidak puas)
Text 1
(At lunch time, Machiko and Roberto were hungry. They found a restaurant near the
college. The menu looked very good. They chose a table at the salad bowl, sat down,
and read the menu.Then they waited. They waited for a long time. At last the waiter
comes.)
Waiter : Yes?

Machiko : Id like salad fruit, please.


Waiter : Cottage cheese, yoghurt, or sherbet?
Machiko : Er, yoghurt, please.
Waiter : Anything else?
Machiko : Yes, Ill have some bread and a glass of white wine.
Waiter : (to Roberto) and you?
Roberto : The chefs salad large, with bread and red wine, please.
(After the waiter left)
Machiko : The waiter was unfriendly, wasnt he?
Roberto : No, not unfriendly. He was rude.
(Michiko and Roberto waited more than ten minutes. Their food finally arrived.)
Roberto : Large? This is small salad.
Machiko : And this is sherbet instead of yoghurt.
Roberto : The bread is hard.
Machiko : Its not fresh at all. Its stale. I cant eat it.
Roberto : And I cant drink this wine chilled. Its warm.
Machiko : Terrible. Theres no butter for the bread, either.
Roberto : Wheres the waiter?
Machiko : I dont know. Hes probably gone to lunch at another restaurant.
Answer the following questions briefly.
1. How does the menu look like?
2. What do Machiko and Robderto feel about their meal?
3. What do they order?
4. How long do they wait for their food?
5. What make them dissatisfied?
Text 2
Paul : Have you read todays newspaper?
James : Not yet. Is it interesting?
Paul : Yes, the apology from the company. Take a look. The paper is over there.
James : Picking up the newspaper and starting to read it. Is that all?
Paul : Yes.
James : This is not enough. Im not satisfied yet. The size of the ads should have been half of
the page. Besides, the company only apologized but they didnt mention what they
would do.

Paul : Oh, come on. The point is not the matter of the size, but the company sincere to
apologize.
James : Still its not satisfying.
Paul : I think they have already shown their good will. Its more than enough.
Answer the following questions briefly.
1. Who are involved in the dialogue above?
2. What is the content of the paper?
3. What does James say to express his dissatisfaction?
4. Why does he feel so?
5. Write Pauls expression to express his satisfaction.
Text 3
Robert : How do you feel about this food?
Tery : Wow.. I am very satisfied. Its very delicious.
Robert : Yes, you are right. Would you have anymore?
Tery : Yes, of course.
Robert : I will take some for my younger sister. Shell be very happy.
Tery : Yeah and I will take for my mom at home.
Robert : OK. Lets go home. I never feel satisfied before.
Tery : So am I.
Answer the following questions briefly.
1. Who are having dialogue?
2. What are they talking about?
3. Where does the conversation take place?
4. What does Tery feel about the food?
5. Why do they take the food home?

Expressing Request
A. Asking someone to do something:
Can you give me the book?
Could you phone me at 7 oclock?
Would you mind repairing my watch?
Do you think you could take me to the shop

I wonder if you could write me an application letter?


B. Asking someone for something:
Can I borrow your pen?
Could I have a seat?
Cant I sit beside you?
May I use your computer?
The expression to accept it:
OK
Sure
All right
Certainly
Its a pleasure
The expression to refuse it:
Im afraid, I .. (give your reason).
Im sorry, I cant.
Id like to, but(give your reason).
Find the mistake in each of these dialogues and correct it.
1. A: Is alright if I close the window?
B: Yes, go ahead.
2. A: Do you think could you turn your music down?
B: Yes, of course, sorry.
3. A: Would you helping me with my suitcase?
B: Im sorry, but Ive got a bad back.
4. A: Could I pass the salt please?
B: Yes, here you are.
5. A: Can I speak to you for a minute?
B: Yes, Im afraid so.
6. A: Will you to get me my glasses please?
B: Sure.
7. A: Do you mind I go now?
B: No, thats fine. Weve nearly finished.
8. A: Would you mind taking this book to the library?
B: Yes, I would. Im going there anyway.
9. A: Could you possible hold my umbrella for a minute?
B: Of course.
10. A: Would you mind look after Jane for an hour?
B: Im afraid I cant. Im just going out.
Read the situations and make the requests.

1. You want to pay by credit card.


2. You want to borrow your friends camera.
3. You didnt hear what your classmates said. You want her to say it again.
4. Youve written a letter in English. You want your teacher to check it.
5. You cant hear what your flat mate is saying because of the radio. You want him to turn it
down.
6. You need Rp. 50.000. You want your colleague to lend it to you.
7. You havent finished your essay. You want to give it to your teacher a day late.
8. You need to use your colleagues computer.
9. Your friends asks you to go to the cinema with her. You cant tell her until tomorrow.
10. You want to your friend to turn the light on.
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EXPRESSING PAIN
November 3, 2008

EXPRESSING PAIN
(Mengungkapkan rasa sakit)

Dialogue 1
(James falls down from the tree. Andy tries to help him.)
Andy : Are you okay?
James : Ouch! That hurts
Andy : Let me help you.
James : Thanks.
Andy : You should be more careful.
Answer the following questions.
1. Who are involved in the dialogue above?
2. Where does the conversation take place?
3. Why does James hurt?
4. What does he say to express his pain?
o help him?
Dialogue 2
Sherly : You look so pale. What happen?
Nancy : Oh! Ive got a headache.
Sherly : You should go to the doctor.
Nancy : Ill go there this night.

Sherly : You can take some aspirin to reduce your pain.


Nancy : Ive got some.
Sherly : Do you feel better?
Nancy : Yes, I do. I think I should go home earlier.
Sherly : That sounds better.
Answer the following questions.
1. Who are involved in the dialogue above?
2. Where does the conversation take place?
3. Whos got a headache?
4. When will she go to the doctor?
5. What can she drink to reduce her pain?
Dialogue 3
In the way home, Thomas sees an accident. He comes to the people whom get some
injure in his foot.
Andra : Thomas, help me please?
Thomas : Its you Andra. Oh my God. Let me help you to stand.
Andra : Thank you, Tom.
Thomas : Is it hurt? I will take you to the hospital.
Andra : Ouch.. its very hurt.
Thomas : Yeah.. I can feel that. There are a lot of bloods from your foot.
Andra : I cant move my body. My shoulder and my hand are very hurt to move.
Thomas : Dont worry. I will call the taxi and take you to the hospital.
Andra : Oh, thats very kind of you, Tom.
Thomas : Thats the taxi. Lets go to the hospital.
Answer the following questions.
1. When did Thomas see an accident?
2. Who got the accident?
3. Did Thomas help the people who get injure?
4. Where did Thomas take Andra?
5. How did they go there?
6. What past of the body cant be moved?
7. Write the words expressing pain?
Write a dialogue expressing pain based on the situation given.
1. You see your friend walking in the slippery street. You try to warn him, but you are late
and he fell down.
2. Some boys are in the school yard playing football. When a girl passes the field, the ball
hit her.

EXPRESSING RELIEF
Expressing Relief means mengungkapkan perasaan lega.
Read the text below carefully.
Daughter : Mom, can I go to my friends birthday party tonight?
Mother : Whose party, honey?
Daughter : Davids party.
Mother : What! Do you mean that David? I dont think hes a suitable boy. I will never
allow you to go there.
Daughter : But, mom.
Mother : No buts, Sarah! You are not going to a party at his house. Never!
The next day, Mrs. Smith went to the supermarket to shop. Suddenly she saw an old
school friend from years ago. Her name used to be Alice Cowper, but now, she was
Mrs. Alice Templeton, mother of the infamous David, the monster of Sarahs class.
That night, Mrs. Smith told Sarah that maybe she had been too harsh with her over
Davids party. Therefore, she was changing her mind and allowing her to attend Davids
party on Saturday night. Sarah was much relieved. Throwing her arms around her
mother, Sarah said:
Sarah : Oh, mother, thank you so much. Everyone thought I was such an idiot for not
being allowed to attend Davids party. He is really such a sweet boy. Im so happy and
relieved.
Mother : Dont get carried away, Sarah.
Answer the following questions.
1. Who are the people mentioned above?
2. Who will have a birthday party?
3. Who will go to the party?
4. Does Sarahs mother allow her to go to the party? Why?
5. Who is Davids mother?
6. What does Sarah say to express her relief?

Giving Advice

Salah satu materi kelas XI di semester 1 adalah Giving Advice yang artinya
memberikan nasihat. Kata-kata yang sering digunakan untuk memberikan nasihat
antara lain:
Youd better.
You ought to .
You must
You should.
You have to
Do the following exercises.
Put the words into the correct order.
1. see this the should dentist I afternoon
2. rest if- tired you to take are ought you a
3. too eat we not much should
4. the call exterminator have we- to
5. clean people to the ought regularly bathroom
Complete the sentences below.
1. Its cold. ..
2. I have to pay a fine. ..
3. I dont have enough food for dinner. .
4. I am sleepy. ..
5. I will have a math exam next week. ..
6. My friend had an accident. ..
Arrange the sentences below.
1. I should stop smoking, eating meat, drinking coffee and avoiding many other
delicious foods.
2. He said that I should eat unsalted food.
3. What did he say?
4. Oh, poor you. Im sorry to hear that.
5. Great. It means that you will not eat my cheese cake. And what else?
6. He said that I had hypertension.
7. Yesterday I went to a doctor.
Read the problems. What is your advice?
1. Someone has a cough.
2. The room is very dirty.
3. There are so many rats and insects in the house.
4. The river has been polluted with chemical waste.

5. Someone cant come to the party because she hasnt done her homework.
6. Some students do not pass the exam.
7. The factory produces waste material.
8. In last two years, the crime rate is increasing.
9. My socks have holes in the bottom.
10. I have to withdraw my savings.
Complete the following sentences using you ought to or you ought not to.
1. Its too far to walk. .. take a taxi.
2. .. leave the house until your mother come.
3. .. smoke in public places unless you will be punished.
4. .. clean your teeth at least twice a day.
5. .. ask for help if you are lost.
6. .. be selfish or your friend will hate you.
7. .. read the instruction carefully unless you will make mistake.
8. .. give him some money because he is a liar.
9. .. get up early or you will miss the train.
10. .. arrive at Balikpapan before 8.00 p.m. or no bus will take you.
Write dialogues based on the following situation.
1. Mita is losing weight, but she believes herself to be fat. You are worried that her
health will suffer.
2. Tom has smoked since he was in Junior High School. Everyday he smokes two
packs of cigarette. You are worried that he will suffer from hearth attack and lung
cancer.
3. Jack has a fat motorbike. He likes riding his motorbike fast. He always rides it about
100 km/h. You are worried that he will possibly have an accident.
4. Gelbi has been having a bad cough for a week. He has seen a doctor but his cough
hasnt gone. You are afraid that he suffers from more serious disease.

Expressing Encouragement
Read the dialogue expressing encouragement.
Mira: Hi, Lydia, what are you doing?
Lidya: Im reading Ketika Cinta Bertasbih what a wonderful story!
Mira: Didnt you read Ayat-ayat Cinta before?
Lidya: I love these stories. They are written by a marvelous writer.

Mira: I will fall asleep if I read those kinds of novels. I hate reading. Also, those books
are too heavy for me to read.
Lidya: Come on, Mira. You need to read. Maybe you should start reading novels with
lighter subjects and language.
Mira: Is there any?
Lidya: Yes, of course. Why dont you start reading some chicklit or teenlit? Theya re
very popular right now. Try to read Dealova for a start.
Mira: Oh, yeah. Thats true. I want to read their novels.
Lidya: See, how you get interested in reading. Why dont you just read about a subject
that you like first?
Mira: Ha..ha..ha all right. I will read some teenlit or chicklit for a start.
Do the exercise.
What do you think the following people are going to do?
1. What book is Lidya reading?
2. What kind of stories does Lidya like most?
3. Does Mira like book-reading?
4. What do the words Come on Mira, you need to read imply?
5. What do you know about chicklit and teenlit?
6. Have you ever read a chicklit or teenlit novel? If so, what is it?
7. Do you think Mira is aroused by Lidyas encouragement? Why?
8. Can you mention some expressions of encouragement? What are they?
Make dialogues expressing encouragement based on the situations given.
1. Your sister fails in a writing competition. She is very upset. You try to cheer her up.
2. Your friend got a bad mark on English. He does not know how to tell about it to his
parents. You encourage him to ask for a remedial test from his teacher first.
3. Your brother loses his friends book. He plans not to tell his friend about that and finds
a reason for the lost. You try to forbid him and beg to tell his friend the truth.
4. Your friend wants to join you to go to a theatre. However, she is afraid that her
parents will not allow her. You encourage her to talk to her parents and ask for
permission.
5. Your friend is almost quitting a sport championship, as he thinks that his rivals seem
too strong to be defeated. You encourage him just to go on.

Expressing Curiosity

Complete the dialogue with the expressions in below.


Is snoring harmful Mrs. Dian?
What do you mean by a deviated septum?
Mrs. Dian, may I ask you some questions?
Do you know what causes people to snore?
Rina: ..(1)
Mrs. Dian: What is it, dear?
Rina: Its about my dad. Lately he has been snoring in his sleep. I can hear his snoring
from my room. It is pretty loud. ..(2).
Mrs. Dian: Many things, Rina. People snore because they have allergies, catch a cold,
or probably have a sinus infection. Also, if a person is overweight or drinks alcohol, they
are most likely to snore in their sleep.
Rina: Well, my dad is not overweight and he doesnt drink.
Mrs. Dian: Ha..ha..ha.. I do not say he drinks or being overweight. I was just telling you
some of the reasons why people snore, Rina.
Rina: .. (3)
Mrs. Dian: No, but only if the reasons are what I have mentioned before. It can be easily
cured. But, I know there are people who have surgeries since they have a very deviated
septum. It is not only to make them stop snoring but also to help them to breathe better.
Rina: .. (4).
Mrs. Dian: It is a condition where the tissue and cartilage that separates the two nostrils
in a persons nose is crooked.
Rina: Oh, well. I should tell my dad to visit his doctor.
Mrs. Dian: You definitely should. Snoring is more a symptom than the actual diseases.
Give my regards to your father, Rina. I hope he will feel better, soon.
Rina: Thank you, Mrs. Dian. Have a good day!
Questions:
1. What does Rina ask to Mrs. Dian?
2. According to Mrs. Dian, what causes people to snore?
3. Is Rinas father a fat man?
4. What does Mrs. Dians words What is it dear imply?
5. What will Rina probably do net?

Expressing Confession

Study the following.


Via: Hey, wheres my cake? I havent eaten it.
Dewi: I dont know.
Via: It must have been you who ate my cake.
Dewi: Right, are you accusing me?
Via: So, whats the chocolate dot on your face over there?
Dewi: All right, I admit that I was very hungry. Will you forgive me?
Questions:
1. Who are in the dialogue above?
2. What are they doing?
3. What made Via angry?
4. What did she say?
5. What did Dewi say to deny it?
6. Did she really eat the cake?
7. What did she say to admit it?
3. Post activities
State whether the following statements are denial or confession expressions.
1. Where is my pencil? Is that mine?
No, thats not yours. Its mine.
2. Oh my God! You broke my glasses.
Im sorry, it was an accident.
3. You are sitting on my desk.
No, Im not. This is mine. Yours is over there.
Oh, Im sorry then.
4. Hey, what happened with my bag?
Oh, it was my fault. I dropped the coffee on it. Im very sorry.
5. Someone told me that you are walking with another girl.
No, thats not true. Ive never walked with another girl. Its only you.

Expressing Complaining
Study the following dialogue and answer the questions.
Teacher: Could you read the text in front of the class, please.
Tia: Yes, sir.

(Walking to the front of the class, then reading a text)


Firman: Can you hear that?
Sahrul: Hear what?
Firman: Her voice. I cant hear her voice.
Sahrul: Neither can I. But
Teacher: Both of you! What are you discussing?
Firman: Its about Tia, sir. Her voice is too quiet. We cant hear her.
Teacher: You should have asked her to read louder rather than to talk to yourselves
each other.
Firman&Sahrul: We are sorry, sir.
Questions:
1. How many persons are there in the dialogue?
2. Who are they?
3. What are they doing?
4. What is Tia doing?
5. What are Firman and Sahrul talking about?
6. Are they complaining?
7. What do they say?
8. Mention other expressions of complaining or criticizing!
Do the exercise.
What do you say if:
1. You are in a bus which is full of passengers.
2. The meatball in the canteen is too salty.
3. There is a traffic jam on the way to school while it is already 7 a.m.
4. The new student speaks too loudly.
5. The development in your country is very slow.
6. The shop sells expensive shoes.
7. The bus comes two hours late.
8. Your sister lost your favourite jeans.
9. You find your room dirty.
10. You are thirsty but there is no water.

Expressing Possibilities

Read the dialogue and answer the questions.


Son: Daddy, what time did Uncle Jono leave for Bali this morning?
Father: At 10 a.m, dear.
Son: Why is he going there?
Father: He plans to attend a conference.
Son: What is he doing now?
Father: Well, it is 9 p.m. now. Im not sure. He could be reading a magazine or a
newspaper. He could be watching TV in his room. He might be preparing something for
a meeting. But Im sure that Uncle Jono must be in his room now because he is not
accustomed to going out late at night.
Son: What about tomorrow Daddy?
Father: Hell probably see his colleagues or perhaps hell have a meeting.
Answer these questions.
1. Who went to Bali?
2. What time did he leave?
3. Does Uncle Jono like to go out late at night? Why not?
4. Is father sure that Uncle Jono is reading a newspaper, watching TV or preparing
something for a meeting?
5. Is there any possibility that Uncle Jono does such activities? What expressions are
used?
6. Is father sure that Uncle Jono is in his room? What expression is used?
7. Is father sure that Uncle Jono will see his colleagues or will have a meeting? What
expression is used?
Do the exercise.
You are talking about your future plans but youre not sure what is going to happen.
1. What kind of job are you going to get in 3 years?
2. Where are you living next year?
3. When are you going to get married?
4. What are you going to do tomorrow?
5. How are you going to earn money when you leave?
Make dialogues expressing encouragement based on the situations given.
1. Your sister fails in a writing competition. She is very upset. You try to cheer her up.
2. Your friend got a bad mark on English. He does not know how to tell about it to his
parents. You encourage him to ask for a remedial test from his teacher first.
3. Your brother loses his friends book. He plans not to tell his friend about that and finds
a reason for the lost. You try to forbid him and beg to tell his friend the truth.
4. Your friend wants to join you to go to a theatre. However, she is afraid that her
parents will not allow her. You encourage her to talk to her parents and ask for

permission.
5. Your friend is almost quitting a sport championship, as he thinks that his rivals seem
too strong to be defeated. You encourage him just to go on.
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