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inductance

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Chapter 30

Inductance

30-1 Mutual Inductance

30-2 Self-inductance and Inductors

30-5 The L-C Circuit

30-6 The L-R-C Series Circuit

Objective

Calculate mutually-induced EMF given the mutual

inductance between two circuits

Question:

What if instead of straight wires we have coils?

Also, there is a changing current in one of the coils.

Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

Remember that:

If the coils are in vacuum:

M21 is a constant.

It depends on the geometry of both coils

(size, shape, number of turns, orientation

of each coil, separation between coils).

material present has constant Km so that M21 is

constant.

Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

1 H = 1 Wb/A

Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

Example:

Equation to be used:

Example:

Equations to be used:

Seatwork:

The figure shows two insulated coils wrapped around each

other with mutual inductance M = 0.5 H. If the current in coil 2

varies as I(t) = 8t2 + 2t + 14, what will be the induced emf in

coil 1 after 1 s?

10

Chapter 30

Inductance

30-1 Mutual Inductance

30-2 Self-inductance and Inductors

30-5 The L-C Circuit

30-6 The L-R-C Series Circuit

11

Objective

Calculate self-induced EMF given the self-inductance of the

circuit

12

by the variation in its own magnetic field.

Self-Induced emf

It can occur in any circuit.

The effect is greatly enhanced if circuit includes a coil with

N turns of wire.

13

Self-Inductance/Inductance

with time t,

14

15

16

L?

17

18

Example:

19

Example:

20

Seatwork:

A current i flowing from a to b passes through an inductor of

inductance L, as shown in the figure. It is observed that the

potential at b is higher than at a.

Which of the following describes the current passing through

the inductor? increasing, decreasing or constant?

21

Chapter 30

Inductance

30-1 Mutual Inductance

30-2 Self-inductance and Inductors

30-5 The L-C Circuit

30-6 The L-R-C Series Circuit

22

Objective

Calculate the total magnetic energy stored in an inductor

and its magnetic energy density after current is increased

from zero to a final-state value

23

The total energy U supplied while the current increases from

zero to a final value I is

in the magnetic field

within the coil.

When the current decreases from I to zero, the inductor

acts as a source that supplies a total amount of energy U.

Note:

there is no energy flow in or out. .

Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

24

A resistor is a device in which energy

is irrecoverably dissipated.

inductor can be recovered when the

current decreases to zero.

25

Magnetic energy density in vacuum

26

Example:

27

Seatwork:

How much current is required to store an energy of 7.2 kJ in

a coil with an inductance of 100 H?

Equation to be used:

28

Chapter 30

Inductance

29

R-L Circuit

A circuit that includes both a resistor and an inductor, and possibly a

source of emf

Current growth

Current decay

30

31

Current in an R-L circuit with emf:

63% of its final value /R.

Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

32

Example:

What is the current through the ideal battery after a very

long time the switch S is closed?

33

Current in an R-L circuit:

34

Current in an R-L circuit:

Time constant of an R-L circuit:

about 37% of its initial value Io

Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

35

Example:

36

Seatwork:

For the circuit shown, find the currents I1, I2, and I3

(a) immediately after switch S is closed and

(b) a long time after switch S has been closed.

37

Chapter 30

Inductance

30-1 Mutual Inductance

30-2 Self-inductance and Inductors

30-5 The L-C Circuit

30-6 The L-R-C Series Circuit

38

Objective

Describe the charge and current variation in time in an L-C

circuit

39

L-C Circuit

A circuit that includes both an inductor and a capacitor

Both charge and current in an L-C circuit oscillate sinusoidally with time, with an

angular frequency of

Capacitor charge:

If at time t = 0:

its maximum charge Q and the

current i is zero, then

40

L-C Circuit

Capacitor charge:

Imax

41

Total energy of the LC circuit:

(inductor)

(capacitor)

in an LC circuit is

constant.

Recall:

Capacitor charge:

Imax = Q

Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

42

Example:

(a) Since = , =

(b) = 1 2

then =

Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

43

Seatwork (4 pts):

2

(a) = 42

(b) =

1

(c) = 2 2

(d) = 2/

Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

44

Chapter 30

Inductance

30-1 Mutual Inductance

30-2 Self-inductance and Inductors

30-5 The L-C Circuit

30-6 The L-R-C Series Circuit

45

Objective

Describe the charge, voltage and current variation in time

for underdamped, critically damped and overdamped L-R-C

circuits

46

An inductor with inductance L and a resistor of resistance R are

connected in series across the terminals of a charged capacitor.

3 cases:

1. Underdamped oscillation

2. Critically damped

3. Overdamped

Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

47

Underdamped

(Small R)

(Large R)

(Very large R)

48

Example:

An L-R-C series circuit includes a 2.0- resistor. At t = 0 the

capacitor charge is 2.0 C. For which of the following

values of inductance and capacitance will the charge on the

capacitor not oscillate?

A. L = 3.0 H, C = 6.0 F

B. L = 6.0 H, C = 3.0 F

C. L = 3.0 H, C = 3.0 F

Hint:

49

Seatwork (1 pt):

Consider an R-L-C series circuit with resistance 1 . Which

values of inductance L and capacitance C will the charge on

the capacitor undergo a damped oscillation?

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

L = 1.0 H, C = 4.0 F

L = 3.0 H, C = 12.0 F

L = 3.0 H, C = 18.0 F

L = 3.0 H, C = 6.0 F

L = 1.0 H, C = 8.0 F

50

51

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