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Piping fabrication, installation, flushing and testing

L

L-CR-004
Rev 1, January 1996

3 mm per 1 m
Max 6 mm

L

L

L

T

L

L
L

L

L (m)
≤6
>6

Tolerances (mm)
∆L
±5
±10

T
±1.5
±1.5

Figure 1. Tolerances for prefabricated piping assemblies

NORSOK standard

6 of 27

5 5 1.5 1. NORSOK standard 7 of 27 .5 1.5 L1 L2 H T K Tolerances (mm) 2"≤ d ≤ 10" 12"≤ d ≤ 20" ±3 ±5 ±3 ±5 3 ± ±3 1. Bolt holes on flanges shall straddle the horizontal or vertical lines or plant north/south centre lines when orientation is not given on drawings. 3. 2.Piping fabrication. installation.5 1. For spools CTF dimensions the overall length to be approximately 50mm overlength. Before reworking any spools contact engineering department in order to check complete isometric.5 2 3 d=nominal diameter d >20" ±5 ±5 ±3 1. flushing and testing L-CR-004 Rev 1. January 1996 L2 A d L L1 L2 L1 d T H L T K L (m) ≤6 >6 Tolerances (mm) L A T 3 1.5 3 1.5 mm X" X" Figure 2: Tolerances for prefabricated piping assemblies Notes: 1.

sea fastening.g rust. either by pressure test blanks. venting and testing facilities. compressors. All equipment shall be blanked. 7. testing/flushing. turbines. spades or blinds. Set-in type is not acceptable. shall be fitted-up in close parallel and lateral alignment prior to tightening the bolting. All temporary pipe spools and supports that are an aid to erection.1 Pipework erection All pipes shall be inspected before erection to ensure that they are free from loose contamination. January 1996 6. pad should be made in one piece before fitting onto pipe. Whenever possible.3 Valve and equipment flange connections Flange covers shall be retained on all flange connections to valve or equipment. are to be specially marked for removal identification. Stub-in connections shall be set-on type. Pipework shall be erected on permanent supports designated for the line. Pipework shall be fitted in place without springing or forcing to avoid undue stressing of the line or strain being placed on a vessel or item of equipment. etc. Flanges connecting to strain sensitive mechanical equipment e.6 Branch connections and outlets All welded branch connections shall be jointed to the header with full penetration welds. pumps.g. Where possible couplings/hubs shall be protected by fitting and hand tightening the complete coupling assembly. Temporary supports shall be kept to an absolute minimum. until ready to connect the mating piping. 6. installation.7 Pipe coupling Seal faces of mechanical couplings/hubs and flanges shall be protected during fabrication and storage.0mm drilled and tapped hole prior to fitting to the pipe. etc. dirt or other contamination). flushing and testing L-CR-004 Rev 1. but to an extent sufficient to protect nozzles and adjacent piping from excessive loads during the erection. The joints shall be brought up flush and square without forcing so that the entire mating surfaces bear uniformly on the gasket and then mated-up with uniform bolt tension.2 Flanged joints Before assembly flanges shall be clean and free from any detritus matter (e. Branch reinforcement pads or each segment thereof shall be provided with a minimum 3. so ensuring leak detection. 7 INSTALLATION OF PIPING 7. NORSOK standard 8 of 27 . etc. 7. to stop the ingress of internal pipe debris. Reinforcement pads or saddles required by specifications and drawings shall be of the same material as the main pipe (unless specified otherwise) and shall be formed and countered to provide a good fit to both main and branch pipe.Piping fabrication.

January 1996 In general. 7. the following tolerances shall be maintained: • Bolting shall move freely through accompanying bolt-holes at right angle to the flange faces. flange connections to equipment shall be the last connection made on completion of a line or interconnecting system of lines. RTJ gaskets are to be lightly smeared on the mating surface with a propriety anti-friction lubricant prior to fitting between the flange grooves. A detailed procedure shall be developed prior to start.4 Gaskets Gaskets shall be treated in accordance with manufacturers’ instructions. There shall be sufficient flexibility to install and replace gaskets. Bolts larger than 1" shall be protected against mechanical damage and corrosion. maximum five threads. Anti-friction lubricant. Nuts and bolts shall have their grade marks visible after installation.5.6 Pipe support Pipe supports shall be in accordance with the relevant pipe support detail drawings developed for the project. flushing and testing L-CR-004 Rev 1. compatible with the flange material and process fluid shall be used. 7.5 Bolting Bolting shall be in accordance with the requirements in the Piping and valve material standard L-CR-001. • There shall be a clear gap between two flange faces before gasket installation. NORSOK standard 9 of 27 . Gaskets shall be replaced after opening or dismantling of flange connections. Calculation of the required bolt tension value shall be in accordance with the DIN 2505. Where spring support are installed the spring shall locked gagged until commissioning/start up. with the following exeptions: • Minimum required bolt tension value shall be multiplied with 1. Manually pulled flange bolts and studbolts shall extend fully through their nuts with minimum one. Studbolts cut from long lengths of studding shall have material grade stamped on end of each cut.Piping fabrication. All flanged stud bolts shall be progressively controlled to equalise bolt pressure on the gasket. Piping shall not be forced to fit with support locations in such a manner that additional stress is introduced. 7. With the piping flange fitted and prior to bolting-up the joint. Hydraulic bolt thigthening shall be used on all bolts greater than 1" diameter. • Maximum bolt tension value shall not exeed 2/3 of the specified yield of the bolt or maximum allowable stress for the gasket. installation.