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Question 1

(5 marks)

Determine which of the four levels of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio) is
most appropriate.

[5 marks]

a.

Heights of women basketball players in a tournament.

b.

Ratings of superior, above average, average, below average or poor for blind dates.

c.

Noon temperatures (in degrees Celsius) in a Johor Bahru this week.

d.

A movie critics classification of drama, comedy, adventure.

e.

Consumer Reports magazine ratings of best buy, recommended, not recommended.

f.

Distances travelled by students who commute to faculty.

g.

The actual contents (in ml) of cola in Pepsi cans.

h.

IQ scores, where the score is considered to be a measure of intelligence.

i.

IQ scores, where the score is considered to be the number of points scored on the IQ test.

j.

The number of bugs made when a programmer develop a coding for a project.

Question 2

(10 marks)

The heights, in centimetres, of the students of a Computer Science class are as follows:

a.

150

152

154

155

156

158

158

158

161

161

162

162

163

164

164

165

166

166

166

167

168

169

170

170

171

171

172

174

By grouping the data into 5 classes, build a frequency table which contains class interval
(first interval is 150 154), class boundaries, class midpoints, frequency, relative

b.

frequency and cumulative frequency.

[8 marks]

Plot the data on a histogram.

[2 marks]

Question 3

(15 marks)

In January of 2006, Adam family moved to a tropical climate country. For the following year
(2007), Adam has recorded the number of rainy days that occurred each month. The data
from January to December contained 14, 14, 10, 12, 11, 13, 11, 11, 14, 10, 13, 8.
a. Find the mean, mode, median and range for the data set of rainy days.

[5 marks]

b. What can you tell about the distribution of the data based on the median and mean found
in (a)?

[2 marks]

c.

Find the standard deviation for the data set of rainy days above.

[2 marks]

d.

Suppose the number of rainy day in December has been recorded wrongly. The observed
data is 7 not 8. Does this data can be considered an outlier? Support your answer.
[4 marks]

e. In year 2008, the number of rainy days has been recorded and the standard deviation is
2.5. Based on the standard deviation found in (c),in which year does the number of rainy
days show a more dispersed distribution? Justify your answer.

Question 4
a.

[2 marks]

(15 marks)

60% of all computers sold by a large computer retailer are laptops and 40% are desktop
models. The type of computer purchased by each of the next 12 customers will be
recorded. Given a random variable x as number of laptops purchased among these 12
customers, determine
i.

either x is a binomial random variable or geometry random variable.

[1 mark]

ii. the probability that exactly four laptops are purchased.

[1 mark]

iii. the probability that between 4 and 7 (inclusive) laptops are purchased.

[4 marks]

iv. Given a random variable x as number of desktops purchased among these 12


customers, determine the probability that exactly two computers are desktops.
[2 marks]

b.

From the past experience it is known that 3% of accounts in a large company accounting
population are in error.
i.

What is the random variable x representing?

[1 mark]

ii. What is the probability that 5 accounts (p = 5) are audited before an account in error
is found.

[1 mark]

iii. What is the probability that the first account in error occurs is the first five accounts
(p 5) audited?

[5 mark]

Question 5

(10 marks)

The PALAPES UTM is an association for reserve army officer in Malaysian army. They set a
requirement that for female students must be at least 178cm tall. Heights of female students
are normally distributed with a mean of 163cm and standard deviation of 8cm(based on
survey data that has been conducted by HEMA). Suppose you are trying to decide whether to
take new intake PALAPES-UTM and the actual number of female UTM students is around
5000 female students.
a.

Find percentage of female students who are eligible to join PALAPES UTM because
they fulfil the minimum height requirement of 178cm.

b.

[4 marks]

Among 5000 female students living in the UTM Campus, how many are them eligible to
be members of PALAPES UTM.

c.

[2 marks]

Due to the very low number of female students joining PALAPES-UTM, the
requirement of heights (for female students only) has been set lower than 178cm. What is
the new height requirement if they target that top 17% of female students will joining
PALAPES-UTM?

[4 marks]

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