Unit : 1 AN INTRODUCTION OF COMPUTER Introduction Computer generation Classification of computer Micro computer Minicomputer Main frame computer Super

computer Digital computer Analog computer Hybrid computer General purpose computer Special use computer Personal computer Working process of PC Advantages of computer 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. High speed Accuracy & Reliability Storage capacity Decision making power Versatility Automation Repetition power

Disadvantages of computer 1. Dependency 2. Electricity consumption 3. Unemployment

Use of computers

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Education Administration Desk top publishing Communication CAD/CAM Astrology Music Electronic mail Business of commerce Health Entertainment Astronomy Unit : 2 HARDWARE & SOFTWARE

Computer hardware Structure of computer Input CPU Control unit Arithmetic/logic unit Storage Internal memory External memory Output Programming language Machine language Assembly language High level language Program Program analysis Program design

Program coding Program debugging Program documentation Program maintenance Software System software Operating system Application software Storage and retrieval software Custom made software Language translator Assembler Compiler Interpreter Generation of languages First generation (40-50s) machine language Second generation (50-60s) assembly language Third generation (60-70s) high level language Fourth generation (after 70s) Query language User oriented 4GL Product oriented 4GL

Unit 3 : input output Device Input device 1. Key board i. Number keys

ii. Alphabet keys iii. Function keys iv. Editing keys v. Control keys vi. Symbols key 2. Mouse 3. Magnetic ink character recognition 4. Optical character reader 5. Optical mark recognition 6. Scanner i. Page scanner ii. Hand scanner 7. Bar code reader 8. Touch screen 9. Joystick 10. Light pen 11. Voice input or audio input Output devices 1. Monitor a. Monochrome b. R.G.B. or green blue c. colour 2. Printer a. Character printer i. Dot matrix ii. Daisy wheel iii. Ink jet b. Line printer i. Chain printer ii. Drum printer c. Page printer d. Laser printer 3. Plotter a. Drum plotter b. Flat bed Unit 4 : computer memory Measurement unit Bit = 0 or 1

8 bits 1024 bytes 1024 KB 1024 MB 1024 GB

= = = = =

1 byte 1 KB 1MB 1 GB 1 TB

Processor memory 1. Main memory 2. Auxiliary memory Types of Main memory :1. RAM 2. ROM 1. Types of RAM a. Static RAM b. Dynamic RAM i. EDO-DRAM : Extended Data Out Dynamic RAM ii. S-DRAM : synchronous Dynamic RAM iii. R-DRAM : Rhombus Dynamic RAM 2. Types of ROM a. PROM(programmable ROM) b. EPROM(Erasable programmable ROM) c. EEPROM(electrically Erasable programmable ROM) Types of Auxiliary memory:1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Magnetic tape Magnetic disk Floppy disk Hard disk CD-ROM

Unit : 5 internal data representation Types of internal data representation Binary number system

Octal

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