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Kern , Husserl und Kant: Eine Unter.chung ber Husserls Verhltnis zu Kant und
zum Neukantianismus (Den Haag: Martinus Nijho ~ 1964) , S.62. J. N. Mohanty , ,Kant and
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Kern , Husserl und Kant:

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Husserl , Edmund. Die Krisis der Europischen Wissenschaften und die Transzendentale
Phnomenologie. Husserliana Band 6. Hrsg. von Walter Biemel, Haag: Martinus
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1976.

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E-Mail: fxh@nju.edu.cn

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On the Limitations of Kant' s Idea of Reason of the


Enlightenment and the Overcoming of them in Husserl' s
Phenomenology
Xiang-Hong FANG
Professor, Department of Philosophy , Nanjing University , China
Abstract: Kant is a very important representative of the idea of reason
of the Enlightenrnent and holds a special position in the movement of
Enlightenment. This is not only due to the fact that he has taken over the
heritage of the Enlightenrnent in a conscious way , but also that he has
made two extremely significant transformations of which lie in the
limitations of the application of reason , that is , first the application of
reason is divided into public application" and private application" ,
among which the latler undergoes a relative restriction; secondly,
theoretical reason is distinguished from practical one , among which the
former's application undergoes a restriction in two aspects: Absolutely
restricting a direct relationship between reason and aesthetic object on
the one hand , absolutely restricting the transcendental application of
pure principles of understanding on the other hand. It seems that Kan t' s
reform of the applications of reason is very deep and initial, but in fact it
contains internal contradictions. From Husser! 's perspective of
transcendental phenomenology we could find out that the problematic of
these contradictions originates from Kan t' s rigid differentiation between
sensibility and understanding and his artificial separation of the
theoretical reason from the practical one.
Key Terms: Immanuel Kant , Edmund Husserl , Reason of the
Enlightenment, Phenomenology

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