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azazmf0g&D? 2009 23
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Direct Card Printer eJY Pre-Ink Stamps ukeyf pön;f rdwq


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Munfvif jywfom;onfh uwfrsm;udk tcsdefwdktwGif; t&G,ftpm;udk 4 to 5 points txd ao;i,fEdkifonfhwdkif
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MRS &JU branded used PC


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monitor u 78ç000 usyf jzpfygw,f/ zkef;-392138? 392257? 392259 odkY qufoG,fpHkprf;Edkifygw,f/

24 uGefysLwm*sme,f
Best Products

BEST OF THE BEST


Socket 775 Core2
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2009 cEk pS ASUS Striker II Extreme
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product
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twG i f ; ports awG r S m 1/0 shield
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Socket AM2 Athlon 64 Low-End Video Card Mid-Range Video Card


Motherboard Visiontek Radeon 4850 EVGA GeForce GTX 260 Core 216
MSI k9A2 Platinum tMurf;xnf pGr;f aqmif&nftay: 260 GTX &JU Core 216 edition
ATI 790 FX chipset ay:rS m xdxad &mufa&muf pGr;f apr,fh ATI xkwf rSm 1053 MHz eJY 448-bit bus ay:
tajccH wnfaqmufxm;jyD; K9A2 u topfviG qf ;kH GPU jzpfjyD; a':vm 200 vnfywf aqmif&GufEdkifwJh GDDR3
AMD xkwf CPU tm;vH;k eJY vdu k af vsm 0ef;usifwef;rSm taumif;qHk; pGrf; (896 MB) yg&Sdw,f/ ,cif xkwfvkyf
nDaxG vkyfaqmifay;Edkifw,f/ AM2+ aqmif & nf u d k ay;Ed k i f y gw,f / 22 cJhwJh card awGxuf shading ydkaumif;
variety vdYk ñTe;f qdx
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plane toHk;jyKxm;wmrdkY oDtdk&Dt& panel twGuf taumif;qHk; graph- toHk;csEdkifw,f/
yg0gacRwmrI jzpfapw,f/ ics card vdkYvnf; ajymEdkifw,f/

28 uGefysLwm*sme,f
BesttrS
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1 High-end Video Card


Sapphire Radeon 4870 X 2
Radeon 4870 HD Cards ESpc fuk kd
1
board wpfckwnf;ay:rSm &apEdkifwmrdkY
4870 X 2 vdYk oauFweJY azmfjyay;xm;
wm jzpfw,f/ (800 shader cores
@750 MHz, GDDR 5 memory @
900 MHz) 2 GB frame buffer &Sjd yD; 1
GB taotcsmxda&mufapw,f/

2 Hard Drive
Seagate Barracuda 7200.11, 1.5 TB
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3 odkrSD;yrmPeJY&EdkifwJh? avmavmq,f
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tMuD;rm;qHk;[k qdkEdkifw,f/ 375 GB
platter av; wyf & S d j yD ; vnf y wf r I
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3 External Backup Drive


Western Digital My Passport Elite
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2 uvnf; 320 GB txd &Sw d ,f/ Desk-
top eJY jzpfjzpf? Laptop eJY jzpfjzpf wGo
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DVD Burner Blu-ray Burner


Samsung SH-S223 LG GGW-H20L
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Edkifw,f/

azazmf0g&D? 2009 29
Best Products

1 Budget Monitor
Envision G2219wl
2 a':vm 300 atmuf EIef;xm;eJY&EdkifwJh 22
vufr t&G,ftpm; armfeDwmawGxJrSm Envision
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ing udp?ö ghosting udpu
ö &Sif;vif;w,f/

2 High-End Monitor
Gateway XHD3000
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nectors tjynft
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3 2.0 Speaker
Axiom Audiobyte + EP Zero Sub
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wG J x nf h a y;xm;w,f / 2.1 channel system
3 qdkayr,fh 5.1 channel logitech system xuf
1 wpfqcGJavmuf ydkaps;MuD;w,f/

4 5.1 Speaker
Logitech Z 5500
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4
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5
6 Full- Tower Case
Lian Li PC P80R
ATI themed version vHk;0rygwJh Case jzpf
w,f/ tvGefvSyw,f/ Steel-ball-locking door
udk oH;k xm;w,f/ LED fans wdYk ? rubberized drive
bays wdkYtjyif built-in fan controller ygw,f/
rsufEmS pmbufrmS eSATA, USB eJY Firewire Ports
6
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BesttrS
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Products

1 Air Cooler
1 Thermaltake Du Orb
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orm; ½dk;us Corsair Dominator MuD;wJh RAM &JU
heatsinks jzpfaeonfhwdkif aumif;pGm vkyfudkifapEdkif
w,f/ Fans ESpcf w
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tat;ay;Edkifw,f/

Water Cooling System


2 Cool IT Freezone Elite
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vnf; aumif;wmrdYk xkxnfMuD;rm;aeygvdrrfh ,f/ 'gay
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2 3 Gaming Mouse
Logitech G5 Laser Mouse
Second Thumb button u web browsing udk
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shortcut awGeJY 0ifvdkY&w,f/ 2000 dpi sensor u
hardware button eJY csdefn§dEdkifapw,f/ Ergonomic
4 design jzpfjyD; nmoefawGtwGufom oHk;Edkifr,f/

4 Keyboard
Microsoft Natural Keyboard 4000
Hyper-comfortable split 'DZdkif; jzpfw,f/ Pro-
grammable hotkeys awG tkyfvdkufygw,f/ aemuf
qHk;ay: ergonomic uD;bkwfvdkY owfrSwfEdkifw,f/

Wi-Fi Router Network Attached Storage


Linksys WRT 600N Qnap TS-109 Pro
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dio ESpfckygjyD; orm;½dk;us data network udk 2.4 GHz band EIef;xm; &wJh device jzpfw,f/
eJY vkyfudkifEdkifjyD; audio eJY video udk qufoG,fxm;wJh
56Hz band NAS functionality awG devices awGqDudk
xnfh,lEdkifw,f/ TS-109 Pro u network
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load Bit Torrents awG
jzpfjzpf? set up file
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stream media awG oGm;zdYk
cGihfjyKxm;ay;w,f/

azazmf0g&D? 2009 31
Feature

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aps;EIe;f csKcd sKo
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ydjk y;D jrefqefwhJ EIe;f xm;eJY armf',f topftopfawG arG;xkwfay;avh&Sdwmudkvnf; owdxm;rdrSm
vkyfukdiaf y;EkdifaMumif; jzpfw,f/ Micro architecture topfwpfck zefwD;wkdif;
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armf',ftopfyHkpHjyK y½dkqufqmawG tqufrjywf xkwfvkyfcJhw,f/
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azazmf0g&?D 2009 33
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36 uGefysLwm*sme,f
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azazmf0g&?D 2009 37
Feature
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azazmf
Zefe0g0g&?D 2009
2008 49
NEW PRODUCT
Apple iPod Touch (Second
Generation)

Apple u 'kwd,rsKd;qufopf iPod Touch tjzpf


trnfay;vdkufovdk xGuf&SdjyD;orQ iPod awG
xJrSm MudKufESpfoufp&m taumif;qHk;t&mav;
jzpfoGm;apvdrhfr,f/ tvGefvSywJh touch screen
av;yg&SdjyD; 3 'or 5 vufr t&G,ftpm;&Sdum
480 x 320 pixel resolution &w,f/ odkrSD;
xm;EdkifwJh yrmPuvnf; 32 GB txd &Edkif
w,f/ Flash-based storage jzpfwJhtwGuf
tav;csdefavsmhyg;jyD; cdkifrm awmihfwif;rI
&Sdapw,f/ 4 'or 3 _2 'or 4 _3 vufr
t&G,ftpm;&SdjyD; tav;csdefu
4 'or 1 atmifpyJ &Sdw,f/ 8 GB,
16 GB, 32 GB qdkjyD; yrmP oHk;rsKd;eJY
wpfjydKifwnf; xGufvmcJhwm jzpfw,f/
8GB yrmPrSmyif AAC format eJY aw;*Dw
oDcsif;aygif; 1750 avmuf 0ifqHhw,f/ 8 GB
yrmPudk 229 a':vm? 16 GB yrmPtwGuf
299 a':vm 32 GB yrmPtwGuf 399 a':vmeJY 0,f,l
&&SdEdkifw,f/ WiFi pepftwGuf 802.11 b/g udk yHhydk;
aqmif&GufEdkifygw,f/ Niko + iPod qdkwmrsKd;vnf; version
wpfcktjzpf oD;jcm; xkwfvkyfcJhygao;w,f/ NiKo+ iPod rSm
fitness device tjzpf toHk;csEdkifw,f/ Internal speaker
wpfckvnf;ygwmrdkY em;MuyfeJY em;raxmifvdkolawGtwGuf
tMudKufjzpfapygw,f/ txl;ojzifh *drf;upm;wJhtcg t&om
tjynfht0 cHpm;cGihf &Edkifw,f/ wyfqifxm;wJh processor u
Spore vdk *drf;rsKd;udkyif upm;EdkifzdkY yHhydk; aqmif&Gufay;w,f/
'gayr,fh touch screen eJY upm;&wmjzpfwJhtwGuf xdef;csKyf
udkifwG,f&wmawmh vG,fulrI&Sdvdrhfrnfr[kwfay/
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Internal speaker ygvmw,f qdkayr,fh ysrf;rQ callphone
awGrSmygwJh speaker avmufawmh raumif;ay/ em;MuyfeJY
em;qifr,fqdk&ifawmh rD'D,m yav,mawGxJrSm taumif;qHk;
t&nftaoG;&Sdaeygw,f/

52 uGefysLwm*sme,f
Newproduct

HP Touch Smart IQ 816

tdrfwGif; rD'D,mvkyfief;eJY uGefysLwm vkyfief;&yfrSeforQudk


all-in-one yHkpH'DZdkif;eJY vkyfudkifay;apr,fh Desktop PC
trsKd;tpm;jzpfw,f/ tvGefvSywJh 25 vufr t&G,ftpm;
yHkazmfrsufESmjyif yg&Sdw,f/ 'gayr,fh HD t&nftaoG;twGuf
yHhydk;rIu odyfawmh tm;&p&m raumif;ay/ *drf;pGrf;
aqmif&nfuawmh ,cif xkwfvkyfcJhwJh IQ 506 xuf omvGef
aumif;rGefvmygw,f/ Ports rsKd;pHkvnf; yg&Sdvmwm awGU&w,f/
aqmhzf0Jydkif;taeeJYjzpfjzpf? [mh'f0Jydkif;taeeJYjzpfjzpf tm;&p&m
'DZdkif;taetxm;&Sdw,f/ tm;enf;csuftaeeJY MuD;rm;jyD;
udkifwG,f&cufw,fvdkY ,lqp&mjzpfw,fvdkY ajymEdkifygvdrhfr,f/
Blu-ray eJYywfoufvdkY blayback om &&SdwJh BD-ROM/DVD±
RW udk wyfqifay;xm;w,f/ 2.1 GHz Core 2 Duo T8100
processor udk wyfqifxm;jyD; 4GB DDR2 memory eJY Nvidia 512 MB GeForce 9600 MGS graphics wdkY wGJzuf
yg&SdvmwJhtwGuf Cinebench 9.5 rSm 699 scores &jyD; Cinebench 10 rSm 4633 scores &oGm;apw,f/ Windows
Media Encoder twGuf 7 rdepf 55 puúefY Mumw,f/ iTunes twGuf 4 rdepf 31 puúefYMumw,f/ 3D tests
awGrSmvnf; 1Q 506 xuf rsm;pGmwufvmwm awGU&w,f/ Frame rates awGudk Munfhr,fqdk&if Direct X9 eJY
company of Heroes twGuf 40 fps eJY vkyfudkifay;jyD; Direct X10 eJY qdk&if 32.8 fps txd
aqmif&Gufay;vmygw,f/ xnfhoGif;yg0ifvmwJh harddrive yrmPu 750 GB &Sdw,f/ 'gaMumifh
½kyfjrifoHMum;tpDtpOfawGudk Munfh½IEdkifovdk MudKufESpfouf&mudkvnf; record vkyfxm;EdkifcGifh &oGm;apw,f/
Multiformat card reader wpfck? USB ports ig;ck? S/PDIF eJY s-Video jack wpfpHk? IR blaster port wpfckwdkY tjyif
audio in and out jackes awGygjyD; webcam wpfckvnf; ygygao;w,f/ vnfywfpepftwGuf
Windows Vista Home Premium udk toihfxnfhxm;ay;jyD; owfrSwfa&mif;aps;u 2ç100 a':vm jzpfygw,f/

Canon Selphy CP 770


3 'or 2 aygifav;jyD; tvG,fwul o,f,loGm;EdkifwJh photo printer trsKd;tpm;av;jzpfw,f/ ½dkuful;jyD;jyD;csif;
udk,feJYruGm ,loGm;jyD; "mwfyHk xkwf,lEdkifwmrdkY Snap shot printer vdkYvnf; ac:a0:ygw,f/ Canon Selphy av;&JU
yHkpH'DZdkif;u qGJjcif;ao;ao;av;vdk? xrif;bl;av;vdk&SdwJhtjyif ta&miftaoG;uvnf;&SdaewmrdkY pGJrufp&m yHkpHav;
jzpfaeapw,f/ tzHk;zGihfjyD; xnfhxm;wJh AC adapter wdkY? paper trays wdkYudk xkwf,l wyfqif&w,f/
tJ'DxnfhwJhtHxJrSm ink ribbon tydkeJY puúLtydkawGvnf; xnfh,lEdkifygao;w,f/ 2 'or 5 vufr LCD display
av;&JUatmufrSm navigation cvkwfav;awG wyfqifay;xm;w,f/ wu,fh"mwfyHkt&nftaoG;eJY
xkwfvkyfay;Edkifw,f/ tjypftemtqmuif;pifw,f? xkwfay;vdkufwJh "mwfyHktwGuf ESpf 100 txd tmrcHcsuf
ay;Edkifw,f/ "mwfyHkwpfyHk xkwfzdkYtwGuf 15 puúefYom Mumw,f/ "mwfyHkwpfyHkudk xkwf&if 22 qihfom
ukefusp&dwf&Sdw,f/ 4 _6 vufr t&G,ftpm; "mwfyHkawGudk a&muf&mt&yfrSm csufcsif;xkwf,lEdkifzdkY
Canon Selphy udk toHk;csEdkifw,f/ owfrSwfa&mif;aps;u 149 a':vm jzpfw,f/

azazmf0g&D? 2009 53
Newproduct

Mitsubishi Diamond Series HC 7000 u


Mitsubishi ukrÜPDtaeeJY 'D Diamond Series HC 7000u aemufqHk;xkwf
multimedia projector taMumif; armfarmf<um;<um; jzpfvm&apw,f/ Native
resolution 1080p &SdwmrdkY HD blu-ray ½kyf&SifawGudk t&nftaoG; jynfh0pGmeJY
wifqufay;Edkifw,f/ Contrast ratio 72000:1 jzpfw,f/ aps;uGufxJrSm&SdwJh
projector awGxJrSm tjidrfoufqHk; vkyfudkifay;EdkifwJh projector vdkY
owfrSwfEdkifygvdrhfr,f/ owfrSwfa&mif;aps;u
3995 a':vm jzpfw,f/

Rock Revolution
Konami &JU topfxGufvmwJh Rock Revolu-
tion u toihfoGif;xm;wJh aw;*DwoDcsif; 90
ygjyD; sony playStation 3 eJYjzpfjzpf?
Microsoft Xbox 360 eJY jzpfjzpf wJGzufjyD;
tGefvdkif;u twlwuG wD;cwf,lEdkifzdkY player
ajcmufckygw,f/ Music-base
AD'D,dk*drf;pufwpfckvkdY qdk&rSm jzpfw,f/
uGefysLwmtoHk;cs'&rfvdkY qdk&ygvdrhfr,f/
owfrSwfa&mif;cswJhaps;u 129
a':vmjzpfw,f/

Apple LED Cinema Display


MacBook Pro eJYjzpfjzpf? MacBook Air
eJYjzpfjzpf wGJzuf toHk;jyKEdkifwJh display
jzpfw,f/ wpfenf;ajym&&if MacBook awGudk
display usOf;usOf;av;eJY jznfhr,fhtpm; 24
vufrt&G,f LED Cinema Display eJYtwl
cHpm;apvdkufwJhoabm jzpfw,f/ LED back
light udk toHk;csxm;wJhtwGuf orm;½kd;us
armfeDwmawGxuf ydkjyD; awmufy MunfvifrI
&Edkifw,f/ yg0gtwGuf Laptop uyJ oHk;pGJ&rSm
jzpfw,f/

54 uGefysLwm*sme,f
Newproduct

Sony Reader Digital Book


Sony &JU aemufqHk;xkwf PRS.700 tjzpf a&muf&SdvmwJh Reader Digital
Book jzpfw,f/ tav;csdef 10 atmifpom av;jyD; aysmhaysmif;El;nHhwJh
umbmeJY vkyfxm;w,f/ 6 vufrt&G,f touch screen wyfqifay;w,f/
toHk;jyKol taeeJY text awGudk highlight vkyfEkdifjyD; rSwfpk? rSwfcsufawG
jznfhoGif;,lEdkifw,f/ awmufywJh aea&mifatmufrSm zwfEdkifwJh e-paper
enf;ynm oHk;xm;ay;w,f/ 'pf*spfw,f pmtkyfaygif; 320
xnfhoGif;xm;EdkifwJhtjyif expandable memory twGufvnf;
cGihfjyKxm;ay;ygao;w,f/

BlackBerry Storm
Apple &JU iPhone twGuf ,SOfjydKifEdkifaMumif; RIM &JU wifjycsufvdkY
ajym&rSmjzpfw,f/ Multi-touch gestures awGeJY virtual keyboard ay:rSm
pm½dkufwJhtcg 'Click' awGeJY oHk;Edkifr,fh touch screen wyfqifxm;w,f/
jyD;cJhwJh BlackBerry Smartphone awGeJY rwlbJ message awGudp?ö Web
udpaö wGudk ydkrdk jrefqef oGufvufpGm aqmif&GufEdkifwJhtjyif Verizon
Wireless &JU EVDO network eJYvnf; toihf csdwf,lEdkifygw,f/

T.Mobile G 1
Android smartphone jzpfw,f/ owfrSwfa&mif;cswJh wefzdk;u 179 a':vmjzpfw,f/ wjcm;
smartphone awGeJY EIdif;pm&if pwdkif'DZdkif; vdktyfaewm awGUEdkifw,f/ HTC u xkwfvkyfjyD;
Google &JU Android platform udk yxrqHk;toHk;jyKvmwJh smartphone vdkY
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awGrSm acsmrGwfpGm cHk;xm;ay;w,f/ 3 'or 2 vufrt&G,ftpm;&SdwJh touchscreen udk
oHk;xm;jyD; 320 x 480 resolution &&Sdapw,f/ vnfyif;yHkoP²mef vkyfxm;wJhae&mrSm Clickable
trackball wdkY? Call wdkY? Home wdkY? Menu wdkY? Back wdkY? End call vdkY ac:wJh cvkwfav;awG
xnfhxm;w,f/ avQmxkwf,ljyD; QWERTY keypad udk toHk;csEdkifw,f/ uD;cvkwfav;awGu
av;axmihfpyfpyfyHkpHjzpfwJhtwGuf pm½dkufoGif;wJhtcg cRwfacsmf wdrf; apmif;rI r&SdapEdkifawmhay/
cvkwfawGudk back light pDrHay;xm;wmaMumihf tvif;a&mifenf; yg;wJhae&mawGrSmvnf;
tvG,fwul toHk;csEdkifapw,f/ 3.2 megapixel &SdwJh uifr&mvnf; wyfqifyg&Sdvmw,f/
'gayr,fh AD'D,dk½dkuful;EdkifpGrf;awmh r&Sday/ Flash vnf; rygay/ 3G/WiFi eJY Bluetooth
wdkYyg&SdjyD; MudK;rJhqufoG,frI vkyfief;pOfawGudk aumif;aumif; toHk;csEdkif ygw,f/ Internet eJY
GPI pepfawG toHk;jyKcGihfay;xm;wmaMumifh bufx&Doufwrf; avsmhenf; rI &SdEdkifygvdrhfr,f/

56 uGefysLwm*sme,f
Newproduct

Iomega StorCenter ix2


rdrd&JUtdrfrSm household awGMum; 'pf*spfw,frD'D,mawGudk rQa0 cHpm;cGihfay;EdkifwJh
tjyif network awGrSmvnf; csdwfqufay;Edkifw,f/ Iomega &JU store Center ix 2
rSm odkrSD;EdkifwJhyrmPu 2 terabytes txd &Sdw,f/ owfrSwf a&mif;cswJhaps;u
479 a':vmjzpfw,f/ (wu,fvdkY 1 terabyte t&G,ftpm; vdkcsif&ifvnf;
299 a':vmeJY &Edkifygao;w,f) UPnP eJY DLNA protocols awGtwGufvnf;
yHhydk; aqmif&GufEdkifwJhtwGuf *drf;pufawG? music-streaming devices awGeJY
security cameras awGtm;vHk;eJY csdwfquf toHk;jyKEdkifw,f/ USB port ESpfck
ygjyD; y&ifwmawG? hard drives awGeJY wGJzufxm;EdkifjyD; Bluetooth dongle eJY
twl w,fvDzkef;uae drive awGqDudk files awGvnf; vTJajymif;ydkYay;Edkifw,f/

Epson Artisan 800


All-in-one trsKd;tpm; y&ifwmjzpfw,f/ Feature awG
wpfyHkwpfyifyg&Sdw,f/ Epson Artisan 800 taeeJY Legal
size color printing twGuf &Edkifovdk rdwåLul;jcif;?
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w,f/ umvmxkwfvkyfrIudk ajcmufa&mifeJY yHkESdyfay;rSmjzpf
w,f/ USB uwpfqifh yDpDeJYqufoG,f,ljyD; y&ifhxkwfEdkif
wJhtjyif Ethernet ujzpfap? Wi-Fi ujzpfap yDpDrygbJ
vnf; y&ihfxkwfEdkifygw,f/ PictBridge udkvnf; toHk;cs Canon Power Shot SD 990 IS
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SD 990 IS u udk,fxnfyHkpH 'DZdkif;tvGefvSyjyD;
cGihfay;xm;ygw,f/ udk,fxnf&JUab;rSm LCD screen
14.7 megapixel t&nftaoG;txd &,lEdkifwmrdkY
av;eJYtwl xdef;csKyfcvkwfawGtm;vHk; wyfqifxm;ay;
compat camera aps;uGufrSm ydkrdkxifay:oGm;apygw,f/
w,f/ Epson taeeJY wpfrdepfudk pmrsufESm 38 rsufESm
tav;csdefu 5 'or 6 atmifpyJ av;ygw,f/
txdxkwfay;Edkifw,fvdkY ñTef;qdkxm;ygw,f/ Microsoft
½dkufuGif; ½dkufcsuf twGuf MunfhzdkY 2 'or 5 vufr
word document 10 rsufESmudk wpfrdepftwGif; xkwfay;
t&G,f LCD av; yg&Sdw,f/ cvkwfawGeJY dials awGu
Edkifw,f/ 4 _ 6 vufrt&G,f "mwfyHkudk 25 puúefYeJY
toHk;jyKoltwGuf tcuftcJr&Sdatmif ae&mcs
xkwfay;Edkifygao;w,f/ MudK;rJhpepfeJY csdwfqufvkyfudkifzdkY
pDpOfay;xm;w,f/ yg0g zGihfwifvdkufjyD;
tvG,fwul setup vkyf&w,f/ owfrSwfa&mif;cswJhaps;
1 'or 3 puúefYtMumrSm pwif toHk;jyKEdkifw,f/
u 299 a':vmjzpfw,f/ aps;MuD;w,f/ xkxnfMuD;w,f
Flash wpfcsufzGihf ½dkuful;jyD;
qdkwmxuf wjcm;tjypfqdkzG,f&m r&Sday/
5 'or 3 puúefY apmihfwmeJY aemufwpfcsuf
½dkufEdkifoGm;apw,f/ 3.7 x optical zoom vnf; yg&SdwmrdkY
½dkufuGif;twGuf vdktyfovdk csdefwG,f,lEdkifw,f/
ISO 800 avmufeJY ½dkufwJhtcg toHxGufvmwmrsKd;
awGU& r,f/ 'gayr,fh image stabilization
tvGefaumif;wmrdkY ½dkuful;oltwGuf taESmifht,Sufr&Sd
Edkifapawmhyg/ tm;vHk; jcHKiHkMunfh&if qdkzG,f&m
r&SdwJhuifr&mav;vdkY ajymEdkifygvdrhfr,f/

58 uGefysLwm*sme,f
NEW
In Yangon
PRODUCT
G &G / MMC Ink Cartridge
Epson Printer armf',fopfawGjzpfwhJ T10, T11, T20, TX100, TX 101, TX 400 awG
twGuf toHk;jyKEkdifr,fh G&G Cartridge awGjzpfw,f/ ta&mifvkduf vdktyfovdk wpfbl;
csif; 0,foHk;Ekdifw,f/ G & G Cartridge bl; 30 0,f,lolawGtwGuf wpfbl;udk 150
usyf avQmhcsay;jyD; bl; 100 0,f,lygu wpfbl;udk 400 usyftxd avQmhcsa&mif;Ekdifr,fh
tpDtpOf&Sdaeygw,f/ wpfcsdefwnf;rSmyif Epson Printer T 10, T11, T20, TX 100, TX
200 eJY TX 400 wdkYtwGuf MMC ink cartridge awGvnf; &Ekdifygao;w,f/ MMC
trsKd;tpm; 0,f,lolawGtwGufvnf; G & G Cartridge bl;awGudk ta&twGuftvdkuf
avsmhcsay;wJhEIef;xm; &Sdaeapygvdrfhr,f/ G & G ink cartridge bl;wpfbl;udk 4700 usyf
eJY a&mif;csjyD; MMC ink cartridge uawmh wpfbl;udk 5000 usyfeJY a&mif;cswm
jzpfw,f/ «tvdk&Sdygu MMC Printer Care rSm 0,f,l &&SdEkdifygw,f/»

BenQ -C750
7 Megapixel t&nftaoG;&SdjyD; Pentax Lens udk toHk;jyK
xm;wJhuifr&m jzpfw,f/ Function pHkvifrIudk txl;
OD;pm;ay; wnfaqmufxm;wJh'DZkdif;jzpfw,f/ SD/SDHC
card awG toHk;jyKEkdifw,f/ Image resolution 3072 x
3204 pixel eJY ½dkuful; &,lEkdifygvdrfhr,f/ Face detection
pepfyg&SdjyD; Red-eye correction vnf; xnfhay;xm;wm
rdkY tao;pdwfyHk&dyfawGrSm Munfvifjywfom;rI tjynfht0 ASUS LCD Display series
&Ekdifapw,f/ 3x optical zoom yg0ifjyD; shooting mood jrifuGif;us,fus,feJY tvkyfrsm;rsm;udk wpfxdkifwnf; vkyf
16 rsKd; vkyfukdifay;ygao;w,f/ ½kyfao"mwfyHkawGtjyif aqmifEdkifjyD; vG,ful? prwfus? ay;&wJhwefzdk;vnf; xdkuf
video recording eJY voice recording udkvnf; cGifhjyKxm; wefwhJ ASUS &JU VW223B eJY VW202B LCD armfew D m
w,f/ AA bufx&D trsKd;tpm; 2 vHk;eJY wyfqiftoHk;jyK rsm; jzpfygw,f/ yg0goHk;pGJrI oufomjyD; ASUS EzLink
&wmjzpfwJhtwGuf toHk;jyKoltaeeJY bufx&DtwGuf enf;ynmaygif;pyfxm;vdkY rSefuefwJh resolution udk tvdk
tcsdefra&G; xyfrH jznfhqnf;jyD; toHk;csEkdifapr,fh tae vdk csdefnd§ay;ygw,f/ jrifuGif;us,fus,fvdkcsifol?
txm; &Sdygw,f/ taysmfwrf;oHk; uifr&mjzpfvifhupm; desktop ae&mvGwfrsm;rsm;&dSolrsm;twGuf armfeDwm 6 ck
stablelizer wyfqif yg&SdvmwmrdkY ½dkuforQ yHkaumif;xGuf txd aygif;pyf zefwD;xm;Edkifygw,f/ 1680x1050 Native
apEkdifr,fvdkY,HkMunfxm;Ekdifygw,f/ «tvdk&Sdygu T-Zone wide-screen resolution contrast ratio 3000:1 txd
ta&mif;qkdifrSm wpfodef;wpfaomif;usyfeJY tvG,fwul &jyD; ASCR (ASUS Smart Contrast Ratio) enf;ynmeJY
0,f,l&&SdEkdifygw,f/» Munfh½I&wm taumif;qHk; jzpfwJh color, brightness,
contrast, sharpness awGudk tvdkvdk csdefnd§ay;r,fh
splendid video intelligence enf;ynmrsm;eJY jydKifbuf
uif; ½kyfxGufudk jyay;ygvdrfhr,f/ tao;pdwftcsuf
tvufrsm;udk Golden Power Technologies
zkef; - 210943? 215811? 215815 odkY qufoG,f
ar;jref;Edkif ygw,f/

60 uGefysLwm*sme,f
Newproduct In Yangon

NEC VERSA N1100 Netbook Verbatim 2.5",


Netbook aps;uGuf us,fjyefYvmrIudk taMumif;jyKjyD; 3.5" Hard
NEC ukrÜPDuvnf; NEC versa N1100 udk xkwfvkyfvm Drives
jyefygw,f/ Intel &JU Atom Processor N270 (160 GHz/ om;om;em;em;?
512 kb/ 533 MHz) processor udk oHk;xm;jyD; Genuine vSvSyy yHkpH'DZdkif;eJY
Windows XP Home Editor udk vnfywfpepftaeeJY tvG,fwul o,f,l
xnhfay;xm;w,f/ System memory twGuf 1GB- oGm;EdkifwJh portable HDD (USB 2.0) drive awGudk 2
DDR2 (533 MHz) SDRAM udk wyfxm;jyD; video 'or 5 vufrt&G,ftpm;eJYwpfrsKd;? 3 'or 5 vufr
controller tjzpf Mobile Intel Graphics Media t&G,ftpm;eJYwpfrsKd; xkwfvkyf a&mif;cscJhwm jzpfw,f/
Accelerator 950 udk oHk;xm;ay;ygw,f/ trsm;enf;wl rD'D,mypönf; xkwfvkyfwJhae&mrSm vlodrsm; ausmfMum;wJh
LCD display 8 'or 9 vufr widescren udk wyfxm; Verbatim ukrÜPDu xkwfvkyfcJhw,f/ 2 'or 5 vufr
ay;jyD; 1.3 megapixel webcam av;vnf; yg&Sdw,f/ t&G,ftpm;udk 160 GB uae 500 GB txd &Edkifw,f/
odkrSD;pepftwGuf 160 GB SATA (5400 rpm) udk xnfhxm; USB 2.0/ USB 1.1 port ESpfrsKd;vHk;rSm toHk;jyKEdkifw,f/
w,f/ MudK;rJh pepftwGuf 802.11 b/g wireless Data transfer rali taeeJY USB 2.0 twGuf 480 mb/s
LAN yg&Sdw,f/ SD card reader &SdjyD; USB 1.1 twGuf 12 mb/s &Sdw,f/ Drive rl&if;u
yg&SdjyD; USB 2.0 oHk;ck? head- SATA high speed jzpfw,f/ Plug 'n' play pepfeJY
phone jack wpfck? VGA csufcsif; tvG,fwul oHk;Edkifygw,f/ 3 'or 5 vufr
(analog) D-Sub 15 pin wpfck? t&G,ftpm; External Drive uawmh yg0gtwGuf 12
rdkufu½dkzkef;*sufwpfcktjyif VDC input eJY toHk;jyK&rSm jzpfjyD; Data trafer rate
Audio outport wpfck awGuawmh 2 'or 5 vufr obm0eJY twlwljzpfw,f/
vnf;ygygao;w,f/ odkrSD;EdkifrIyrmP 500 GB uae 178 txd &Edkifygw,f/
Battery uawmh 3 0if;'dk;vfyDpDeJYjzpfap? Mac uGefysLwm eJY jzpfap wGJzuf
cells bufx&DyJ jzpf oHk;Edkifw,f/ 2 'or 5 vufr t&G,ftpm; portable
w,f/ «tvdk&Sdygu KMD HDD qdkygu 150 *&rfom av;ygw,f/
ta&mif;qdkifrSm 0,f,l «tvdk&Sdygu KMD ta&mif;qdkifrSm 0,f,l&&SdEdkifygw,f»
&&SdEdkifygw,f»

ASUS Model F80Q notebook


Intel &JU tjrefEIef; 2.0GHz &dSwJh Core 2 Duo processor T5800 udk oHk;xm;jyD; main
memory DDR2 667 2GB yg&dSygw,f/ SATA hard disk 250GB eJY display rsufESmjyif
14 vufr jzpfjyD; Color Shine enf;ynmudk oHk;xm;ygw,f/ Intel &JU GMA X4500HD
Gfx *&yfzpfudk oHk;xm;jyD; memory 256MB yg0ifygw,f/ Super-Multi DVD writer,
card reader, webcam 1.3M pixels, USB2.0 ponfwdkYudk wyfqifxm;jyD onboard tjzpf
LAN, Wireless LAN, Modem, Bluetooth pwJh network function rsm; yg0ifygw,f/
toHk;jyKol&JU rsufESmudk puifzwfjyD; log-in 0ifwJh ASUS Smart Logon vnf; ygyg
w,f/ t&nfzdwfpOfrIudk cHEdkifwJh spill-proof uD;bkwfeJY tcsuftvufrsm;udk yGm;,lvdkY
r&atmif umuG,fay;wJh ASUS CopyProtect vnf; ygygw,f/ Windows Vista Ultimate udk
oHk;ygw,f/ aps;EIef; 10 odef; 4 aomif; 0ef;usifjzpfygw,f/ tao;pdwftcsuftvufrsm;udk
Golden Power Technologies zkef;? 210943? 215811? 215815 odkY qufoG,far;jref;Edkifygw,f/

azazmf0g&D? 2009 61
Newproduct In Yangon

MSI Eclipse x 58 Motherboard


2008 ckESpf aESmif;ydkif;rSm txl;jcm;qHk;eJY aemufqHk;xkwf
ypönf;wpfcktjzpf Intel u Core i7 processor udk xkwf
vkyfvmwmeJY wpfjydKifeuf toihfxGufvmwJh rsKd;qufopf
rm;om;bkwfjzpfw,f/ MSI &JU xHk;pHtwdkif; Dr MOS udk
yg xnfhoGif;ay;xm;wm jzpfwmrdkY Green Power eJY X
press Cool wdkYtjyif Rapid Boost twGufyg tqifoihf
jzpfaeapw,f/ tedrhfqHk; tylcsdefeJY vkyfudkifay;rSmjzpfjyD;
yg0goHk;pGJrIudkvnf; tavsmhenf;qHk;jzpfapzdkY zefwD;xm;
w,f/ vnfywfrIpepfudk tjrefqefqHk; EIef;xm;eJY pwif
armif;ESifEdkifapzdkY yHhydk;aqmif&GufEdkifw,f/ Driver Booster
udk em;vnfjyD;jzpfwJh RAID technology topfudk
oHk;xm;wmjzpfwJhtwGuf CPU source &JU vdktyfcsufawG
udk tcsdefenf;enf;av;twGif; access vkyfay;wJhtjyif MSI Wind U 100 New Model
data protection udkvnf; taumif;qHk;tajctaewpfckeJY Netbook awG acwfpm;vmcsdefrSm 10 vufrt&G,f
xdef;odrf;ay;EdkifpGrf;&Sdw,f/ txufjrufqHk; toH screen eJY toHk;jyKEdkifwJhtjyif Asus Eee PC xuf
xkwfay;wJh Creative X-Fi audio card udk tqihfjrifh aps;EIef;csKdomwmrdkY aps;uGuftv,frSm xdyfqHk;udk ae&m
decoding pGrf;&nfeJY yHhydk;aqmif&Gufay;w,f/ 8-channel ,loGm;EdkifwJhtwGuf Asus Eee udk 1000h qdkwJh armf',f
stereo sound udk ydkifydkifEdkifEdkif udkifwG,f xkwfvkyfay; topfeJY tompD;&atmif Asus u MudK;pm;,lcJh&w,f/
Edkifw,f/ Main memory twGuf DDR3 800/ 1066/ tckwpfzef MSI uvnf; Wind U 100 udk armf',ftopf
1333/1600 SDRAM awGudk 24 GB txd wdk;jr§ihf wyfqif wpfckeJY tompD;&zdkY MudK;pm;vmwmjzpfw,f/ Processor
EdkifzdkY cGihfay;xm;ygw,f/ PCI Express gen2 x 16 slots twGufrl ,cif U 100 rSm oHk;cJhwJh Intel Atom N 720
oHk;ck? Black PCI Express x 1 slot ESpfck? PCI slot ESpfwdkY (1.6 GHz) udkyJ jyefoHk;xm;ayr,fh system memory rS
ygwJt h jyif ultra DMA 66/100/133 IDE controller eJY 1GB yrmP&Sw d hJ DDR2 800 MHz eJY ajymif;oHk;xm;w,f/
SATA 11 controller wdkYudkvnf; yHhydk; aqmif&GufEdkifwJh Display awG 10 vufr t&G,ftpm; 1024 x 600 LCD
rm;om;bkwf jzpfw,f/ «tvdk&Sdygu 36 vrf;? Smart panel udk wyfqifay;w,f/ ,cif U 100 rSm odkrSD;pepf
Computer ta&mif;qdkifwGif 0,f,l&&SdEdkifygw,f/» twGuf 120 GB udk oHk;cJhayr,fh ,ck armf',ftopfrSm
160 GB SATA udk wdk;jr§ifh xnfhay;vdkufw,f/ txl;jcm;
qHk; ajymif;vJrIuawmh ,cifu 3 cells battery oHk;jyD;
,ck armf',frSm 6 cells battery udk oHk;xm;ay;wJhtwGuf
toHk;jyKolawGtaeeJY vQyfppfyg0geJY roHk;wJhtcsdefrSm
bufx&DeJY tcsdefMumMum ydkjyD; oHk;EdkifoGm;apwmjzpfw,f/
usefwJh tpdwftydkif;awGu ,cif U 100 rSm yg&SdwJhtwdkif;
jzpfwmrdkY Asus Eee PC 1000 h udk jyefjyD; ausmfwufoGm;
Edkifr,fhtajctae jzpfoGm;apygw,f/ vnfywfpepf
twGuf Windows XP Home Editor udk xnfhxm;ay;
w,f/ «tvkd&Sdygu 36 vrf;? Smart Computer qdkifrSm
0,f,l &&SdEdkifygw,f/»

62 uGefysLwm*sme,f
oifh yDpt
D wGuf rvdt
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Vista vkyaf qmifcsuf 12 csuf
rvdt k yfwJh aqmif&Gucf suaf wGukd (Codename) Longhorn vd k Y bJ 0efydapwJh tcsufawGudk &Sm&SmazGazG
ydwx f m;jcif;jzifh Vista &JU pGr;f &nfukd trnfay;xm;wJh Windows Vista udk ppfxkwf&mrSm tcsuf 12 csuf awGU&yg
jri§ w
hf ifay;yg/ ydw&f r,fh enf;vrf; tcsed ,
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awGukd PC Advisor &JU aqmif;yg;&Sif wmxGuf raumif;cJhygbl;/ toHk;jyKol wcsKdUu *&yfzpfvkyfaqmifcsuf
Lincoin Spector u 'Dvkd &Si;f jyay; uGefysLwmorm;rsm;&JU tqdk;bufu ud k aES ; apjyD ; wcsKd U u rS w f Ó Pf
xm;ygw,f/ a0zefcsufawGeJYtwl wa&GUa&GU csDwuf (memory) udk tydkoHk;aewm jzpfyg
aeqJjzpfygw,f/ Windows Vista w,f/ wcsKdUtcsufawGu toHk;awmh
&JUtqdk;xJu wpfck[m yDpDuGefysLwm 0ifyg&JU? yDpDudk EGHxJ½kef;cdkif;ovdk jzpfae
pGrf;aqmifcsufudk taESmihft,Suf jzpf wwfygw,f/ bmyJjzpfjzpf uRefawmf
apwmyg/ 'Dvdk OS pepfudk rvdktyf wdkY&JU vufawGU prf;oyfcsufrsm;eJY

azazmf0g&D? 2009 65
Feature
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1994 ckEpS f 1995 ckEpS f 1996 ckEpS f


1997 ckEpS f
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Ergonomics
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applications awGukd hybrid desktop/ ajymif;,lzdkY Microsoft u MudK;yrf; vkyfEkdifvmvdrfhr,f/

98 uGefysLwm*sme,f
Analysis
azmif;yGraI vsmeh nf;jy;D web toH;k rsm;vmapr,f
azmif;yGrIobm0awGudk avQmhcsay;r,fh OS twGuf Azure eJY Win-
dows 7 u 180 'D*&D ajymif;vSnfhvkdufovdk jzpfoGm;apygvdrfhr,f/ yDpD
wpfckudk 0,fwJhtcg apps tjynfhxnfh,l&r,fqdkwJh tawG;tac:a[mif;
MuD;tpm; ]]tvkd&Sd&if vmyg? &ygw,f}} qdkwJh 'óetopfu 0ifa&muf
vmapvdrfhr,f/ Azure udprö Sm tGefvkdif;rDScdkrI vHk;vHk;vsm;vsm; jzpfapyg
w,f/ 'gayr,fh Windows 7 oihf internet integration &JU level wpfck
obm0 &Sdaeygvdrfhr,f/

ydjk y;D pdwcf s&jy;D ydjk y;D ½d;k &Si;f apr,f


uefYuefYowfowf&v dS mr,fh OS qdw k m bmt"dymÜ ,fvv J Ykd ar;p&m&Syd g
vdrfhr,f/ Microsoft u 'Dajymif;vJcsufeJY cleaner system wpfckudk
o,fay;vmwmvdkY ajymcJhw,f/ a,bk,soabmt& web-based appli-
cations qDuo kd mG ;aewJv h rf;aMumif;u updates vkyif ef;pOfawGeYJ y½k*d &rf
xdef;odrf;rI vkyfief;pOfawG 0kdif;0kdif;vnfae&muae uif;vGwf&mukd ajy;
oGm;EkdifzdkY taxmuftyHhawG&Sdvmr,fh t&dyfta,mifawG jzpfw,f/
King uawmh product &JU qifu h jJ zpfpOfu ydjk yD; eD;eD;pyfpyfeYJ vufawGY
usus jzpfvm&w,fvdkY qdkw,f/ PDC rS ¤if;ukd,fwkdifajymMum;cJhwkef;u
vnf; aqmhzf0JAdokum Ray Ozzie u PC &JU OS tay: tm;udk;tm;xm;
jyKwmxuf Azure tay: tm;udk;oifhaMumif; wifjycJhw,fvdkY azmfxkwf
ajymqdkcJhao;w,f/

owdjyK&efpum;vHk;
wpfzufu applications taeeJY web-centric ydkjyD;jzpfvmapovdk?
data toHk;jyKrIeJY ywfoufvdkY encounter vkyfp&mawGvnf; wpfyHkwpfyif
&Sad eygao;w,f/ rdrt d aeeJY b,fae&murqdk information twGuf acc-
ess vkyE f idk w
f ,fvYkd qdEk idk o
f vdk b,forl qdk access vkyv f mEkid w f ,fqw kd m
udk owdjyKMu&ygvdrfhr,f/
Online application avmu zGYH jzdK;vmwmeJYtrQ security eJY privacy
Mum; ½du k cf wfvmr,f/ pdw0f ifpm;p&m tusKd;qufawGuv kd nf; jrifomae
apygw,fvYkd king u owday;ajymMum;cJyh gao;w,f/ 'D½u kd cf wfraI wGu
vnf; b,favmuftxd vIyfcgqGJ,rf;rvJqdkwmuvnf; tvGef pdwf0if
pm;p&m aumif;wJh tcsufygvdkYvnf; jznfhpGuf ajymMum;cJhygao;w,f/
Developer awGu olwYkdvy k af qmifay;p&m&Sw
d mudk tqifajyajy vkyf
aqmifcMhJ uayr,fv h nf; aeYpOftoH;k jyKaeMuolawGuawmh rwlnw D hJ tjrif
rsKd;awGyif &SdvmEkdifp&mtaMumif; &Sdygw,f/
aemufq;kH awmh toH;k jyKolawGtwGuf qm;ApfawGukd vdt k yfaew,f/
Application awG tvkd&SdMuw,f/ Client wpfOD;csif;taeeJY tGefvkdif;jzpf
jzpf? server wpfckay:ujzpfjzpf toHk;jyKcGifh&zdkYyJ ta&;MuD;ygw,fvdkY rSwf
csufcs&rSm jzpfygawmhw,f/
OD;aomif;0if;(yef;cs,&f )D

azazmf0g&?D 2009 99
Feature :trS
Unicode
wfw&

uGefysLwmudk jrefrmvdkoHk;Edkifrnfh
uGefysLwmoHk; jrefrmpmjyKpepf
tpdk;&½Hk;tzGJYtpnf;rsm;? tpkd;&½Hk;tzGJYtpnf; yif MudK;yrf;vmcJhMu&m trsm;twGuf taumif;qHk;
rsm;ESifh qufpyfaeaom toif;tzGJYrsm;? yk*v ¾ du jzpfrnfh ,leDukwfpepfudk wDxGifMuHq MudK;yrf;
ukrP Ü rD sm;ESihf uGeyf sLwmukd ,ckrS pwifavhvmvdo k l vmMujcif; jzpfonf/ ,leDukwf roHk;cifumvtxd
rsm;twGuf uGeyf sLwmpepfwpfcv k ;kH ukd jrefrmbmom jrefrmEdkifiHwGif 0if;tif;0 azmifhrsm;ESifh 0if;tif;0
jzifh toHk;jyKEdkifaom uGefysLwmoHk; jrefrmpmjyKpepf vufuGufpepfudk toHk;cscJhMuonf/ ,leDukwfpepf
wpfck jzpfonfh MyMyanmar Unicode System ukd toHk;jyKEdkif&ef tcGifhtvrf;rsm; jzpfay:vmaom
2009 ukd jyD;cJhonfhvu aps;uGuftwGif; pwif tcg txl;ojzifh tifwmeufwiG f ,leu D wk af zmifrh sm;
a&mif;cscJo h nfudk awGY&ygonf/ 2007 ckEpS f Mo*kwf oHk;Edkif&ef MudK;yrf;vmcJhMuonf/ ,leDukwfacwfOD;
v 22 &ufaeYu pwifrdwfqufcJhjyD; wpfESpfausmf ykdif;u jrapwD,leDukwf azmifhrsm;onf toHk;trsm;
MumrS vltrsm;toH;k jyKEdik &f ef a&mif;csjcif;jzpfonf/ qHk;jzpfonf/ aemufydkif;wGif aZmf*sDazmifhonf
tifwmeufwGif toHk;wGifus,fvmjyD; ,aeYtcsdef
,leu
D w
k fpepf txd tifwmeufwGif toHk;trsm;qHk; font wpfck
Unicode pepfonf uGey f sLwmwGif t*Fvyd pf m tjzpf wnf&Sdaeonf/
MuD;pdk;rIudk ausmfvTm;Ekdif&ef ISO uJhodkYaom vkyf
aqmifxm;onfh pepfwpfrsKd; jzpfonf/ wpfurÇm aZmf*soD nf 0if;tif;0ESihf wlonf
vHk;u uGefysLwmynm&Sifrsm;yg0ifjyD; zGJYpnf;xm; aZmf*sD ,leu
D w
k af zmifrh sm;onf ,leu D w
k pf epf[k
aom Unicode Consortium rS bmompum;wdkif; ac:qdkaeaomfvnf; ,leDukwfpepfESifh ukdufnDaom
\ tu©&mwdik ;f twGuf code rsm; owfrw S af y;xm; azmifhrsm; r[kwfacs/ ,leDukwfpHowfrSwfcsuf 5.1
onf/ jrefrmbmompum;udk 1990 jynfhESpfrSpjyD; ukd wpfpdwfwpfydkif; vdkufemonf/ xdkYjyif rdkufu½kd
uGefysLwmwGif toHk;jyKEkdifcJhonfrSm rSefaomfvnf; aqmhzfrS tcrJhay;aom Keyboard layout creater
uGefysLwmpepfwGif 0ifa&muftoHk;csEkdifjcif;r&SdbJ ukd toHk;jyKí vufuGufudk jyKjyifay;xm;onf/
t*Fvdyfbmom aemufcH background jzifhom xdYk aMumifh Keyman vdk aqmhz0f rJ sKd ; oH;k p&mrvdak wmh
jrefrmbmomudk toHk;jyKEkdifjcif; jzpfonf/ vuf&Sd yg/ 0if;tif;0xufomonf[k ajym&eftcsufrSm
toHk;jyKaeonfrSm jrefrmpm font oufoufom Alt- Key ukd toHk;jyK&efrvdkawmhjcif; jzpfonf/
jzpfonf/ Unicode pepfrSm uGefysLwmudk jrefrmpm xdktcsufrSmvnf; 0if;tif;0 aemufqHk; version
jzifh toHk;jyKEkdifaponf/ ¤if;ESpfck uGmjcm;csufukd ESifh wlaejyefojzifh 0if;tif;0xuf ydkaumif;onfh
pmrsufESm 120 wGif azmfjyxm;onf/ vkyfaqmifcsufrsdK; r&Sdawmhyg/

,leu
D w k t
f wGuf azmifrh sm; aZmf*so
D nf ae&mwdik ;f wGif oH;k í&onf? okaYd omf . . .
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif uGefysLwmukd jrefrmbmomjzifh Myanmar2 onf ,leDukwfazmifhoufouf
toH;k csEdik &f ef vGecf o
hJ nfh tESpf 20 ausmfuwnf;u jzpfojzifh aqmhzf0Jwdkif;wGif toHk;jyKEdkifjcif; r&Sdyg/

azazmf0g&D? 2009 101


Feature : Unicode
xdkudpo ö nf Myanmar2 aMumifh r[kwfbJ ouf pkpnf;ay;jcif;? MuD;pOfi,fvdkuf pDpOfay;jcif;
qd k i f & maqmh z f 0 J r sm;u ,l e D u k w f p epf t wG u f tp&Sdonfrsm;ukd vkyfaqmifay;Edkifonfjzpf&m
taxmuftul rjyKíom jzpfonf/ aZmf*saD zmifo h nf uGefysLwmtoHk;jyKoltwGuf tcuftcJr&Sd toHk;cs
0if;tif;0uJhokdYaom tqifhom&Sdonfh azmifh jzpf Edkifap&ef rsm;pGm taxmuftuljyKaprnf jzpfonf/
onfhtwGuf aqmhzf0Jwdkif;wGif toHk;jyKí &aejcif; xdkokdY toHk;jyKEdkifjcif;onf WindowsXP wGifom
jzpfonf/ okYd aomf ,leu D w
k pf epfwiG f &Edik af om pGr;f r[kw?f Windows Vista ESihf aemufxu G rf nfh Win-
aqmif&nfrsdK; r&Edkifyg/ xdkYjyif aZmf*sDazmifhwGif dows 7 wGifyg toHk;jyKEdkifonf/
version trsdK;rsdK; jzpfae&m pdwf½IyfaxG;p&m tae
txm; rsm;pGm jzpfEdkifonf/ MyMyanmar oH;k í r&onfah e&m r&Sd
aZmf*sD,leDukwfpepf[k trnfay;xm;aom
MyMyanmar Unicode System onf font font rsm;onfvnf;aumif;? Myanmar2 font
oufoufr[kwf rsm;onfvnf;aumif; aqmhzf0J\ tajctae?
MyMyanmar Unicode System onf aZmf*s?D aqmhz0f u J ,leu D w k pf epftwGuf yHyh ;kd ay;xm;rI &Srd &Sd
Myanmar2 wdYkuo
hJ Ydkaom font r[kwyf g/ uGeyf sLwm ES i f h ouf q d k i f & m operating system tvd k u f
pepfwpfckvHk;ukdyg jrefrmbmomjzifh toHk;csEdkif tajymif;tvJ &SdrIwdkYaMumifh ae&mwdkif;wGif oHk;pGJí
jcif;? zdik rf sm;ukd jrefrmbmomjzifh odr;f qnf;Edik jf cif;? r&&Sdonfrsm; jzpfEdkifygonf/ MyMyanmar
jrefrmbmomjzifh jyefvnf&SmazGEdkifjcif;? zdkifrsm;ukd Unicode System rSmrl aqmhz0 f w
J ikd ;f wGif toH;k jyKí

,l e D u k w f p epf
Unicode pepfonf uGefysLwmwGif t*FvdyfpmMuD;pdk;rIudk ausmfvTm;Ekdif&ef ISO uJhodkYaom vkyfaqmifxm;onfh pepfwpfrsKd;
jzpfonf/ wpfurÇmvHk;u uGefysLwmynm&Sifrsm;yg0ifjyD; zGJYpnf;xm;aom Unicode Consortium rS bmompum;wdkif;\ tu©&mwdkif;
twGuf Code rsm; owfrSwfay;xm;onf/ jrefrmbmompum;udk 1990 jynfhESpfrSpjyD; uGefysLwmwGif toHk;jyKEkdifcJhonfrSm
rSefaomfvnf; uGefysLwmpepfwGif 0ifa&muftoHk;csEkdifjcif;r&SdbJ t*Fvdyfbmom aemufcH background jzifhom jrefrmbmomudk
toHk;jyKEkdifjcif;jzpfonf/ vuf&Sd toHk;jyKaeMuonfrSm jrefrmpm Font oufoufom jzpfonf/ Unicode pepfrSm uGefysLwmudk
jrefrmpmjzifh toHk;jyKEkdifaponf/ ¤if;ESpfck uGmjcm;csufrSm atmufygtwkdif; jzpfonf/

vuf&t
dS oH;k jyKaeaom jrefrmpmrsm;ESihf ,leu
D w
k pf epfumG jcm;yHk

jrefrm Font Unicode pepf

1/ pmom;rsm;udk font type ajymif;ay;onfhtcg Mum; rdrdrl&if; jrefrmpmvHk;rsm;udkom ajymif;onf/ t*Fvdyf


xJ&Sd t*Fvdyfbmompum;rsm;udkyg vkdufajymif;ay; bmompum;udk bmompum;twkdif; rajymif;bJ xm;onf/
onf/
2/ jrefrmtu©&mpmvHk;rsm;wGif udk,fykdif code r&Sdyg/ jrefrmtu©&mpmvHk;wkdif;wGif ukd,fykdif code &Sdonf/
3/ uGefysLwmpepfudk taxmuftul rjyKyg/ uGefysLwmpepfudk jrefrmpmjzifh oHk;Ekdifonf/
4/ tjcm;tDvufx&Ge;f epfypön;f rsm; (Oyrm- rdb
k ikd ;f vfzek ;f ) tjcm;tDvufx&Gef;epfypönf;tm;vHk;wGif toHk;jyKEkdifonf/
wGif toHk;jyKí r&yg/
5/ jref r mtu© & mrsm;onf t*F v d y f b mompum;ud k jrefrmtu©&mrsm;onf rdru
d ,
kd w
f idk f &yfwnf tvkyv
f yk o
f nf/
background xm;í tvkyfvkyfonf/

102 uGefysLwm*sme,f
Feature :trS
Unicode
wfw&
&ap&ef vdktyfaom taxmuftulrsm;ukd wpfyg
wnf; pDrx H nfoh iG ;f ay;xm;&m aqmhz0f w
J ikd ;f twGuf
tqifajyaponfudk awGY&rnf jzpfonf/ txl;
jyK&efvt
kd yfaom aqmhz0f rJ sm;twGuf oD;jcm; plug-
in aqmhzf0Jrsm;udkyg wpfygwnf; xnfhoGif;ay;xm;
onf/

Font trsKd ;rsKd ; toH;k csEikd f


MyMyanmar Unicode System wG i f
MyMyanmar font yg0ifaomfvnf; font onf
pepftwGuf default font tjzpf toHk;jyKEdkif&ef
xnfhoGif;ay;xm;jcif; jzpfonf/ tqdkygazmifhukd
rjzpfraeoH;k &rnf[k uefYowfrxm;bJ Myanmar2
font uky d J oH;k oH;k ? tjcm;azmifu
h ydk o
J ;kH oH;k uGeyf sLwm uGefysLwm toHk;jyKoludk tultnDay;jcif;
toHk;jyKolpdwfMudKuf font ukdom toHk;jyKEdkifonf/ MyMyanmar Unicode System udk oHk;jcif;jzifh uGefysLwmtoHk;cs
Oyrm uRefawmfwdkY aeYpOf pmukd,ftjzpf toHk;jyKae aqmhzf0Jrsm;udk jrefrmbmomjzifh jyKjyifajymif;vJ tokH;jyKEkdifygonf/
aom font rsm;onf 0if;tif;0azmifhrsm;jzpfonf/ uGefysLwm aqmhzf0JwpfckvHk;udk oHk;ae&if;jzifh rvkyfwwf rukdifwwf
acgif;pD;pmvH;k rsm;ukrd l Art House pmvH;k rsm; uko d m jzpfaeygu 'Help' tultnDudk &,lEkdifygonf/ tqdkyg pGrf;aqmif
toHk;jyKonf/ xdkenf;wlyif tpkd;&aeYpOf xkwf &nfonf uGefysLwm toHk;jyKrIudk rnfuJhodkY vkyf&rnfjzpfaMumif;
owif;pmrsm;wGif ,cifuqdkvQif Ava Laser font tao;pdwf &Sif;vif;ajymjyay;rnf jzpfonf/
rsm;ukdom oHk;onf/ acgif;pD;pmvHk;rsm;ukdrl oHvGif?
a&Tjrefrmponfh acgif;pD;pmvHk;rsm; toHk;jyKMu
onf/

pm½ku
d pf epf trsKd ;rsKd ;
MyMyanmar Unicode System wG i f
t"duusaom pGrf;aqmif&nfrSm Input method
ac: uGefysLwm pm½kdufpepf jzpfonf/ uGefysLwm
twGif;okdY jrefrmpmukd ½kdufESdyfEdkif&ef enf;vrf;rsm;
jzpfonf/ 0if;tif;0vufuGufonfvnf;aumif;?
aZmf*sDvufuGufrsm; onfvnf;aumif; Keyboard
rS cvkwfESdyf ½kdufxnfh&onfh enf;vrf;rsm;om
jzpfonf/ okdYaomf aZmf*sDazmifhtwGuf ½kdufESdyf&rnfh
vufuGufESifh Myanmar2 twGuf ½kdufESdyf&rnfh
vufuGuf rwlyg/ oHk;Edkifwmcsif;vnf; uGmjcm;yg vdktyfaom owif;tcsuftvufrsm;ukd &SmazGEkdifyHk
onf/ tqdkyg vufuGufyHkpHrsm;onf uGefysLwm MyMyanmar Unicode pepfudk oHk;jcif;jzifh uGefysLwmtwGif;&Sd
pepftwGuf taxmuftulrjzpfyg/ MyMyanmar owif;tcsuftvufrsm;udk vdktyfovdk &SmazGMunfh½IEkdifonf/ Oyrm
Unicode System ESifh Keyman aqmhzf0JwdkYrSmrl zdkifwpfzdkif\ trnfudk wdkuf½kdufxnfhoGif; &SmazGEdkifouJhokdY
character rsm;ukd vdt
k yfovdk xde;f ausmif;vrf;nTef zdkiftwGif;&Sd pum;vkH;wpfvkH;ukd azmfjyívnf; &SmazGEdkifonf/ atmuf
Edkifaom pepfrsm;jzpfonf/ rnfonfh,leDukwf wGif pdk;pE´mxGef; trnf&Sd zdkifudk &SmazG&efESifh rnfonfhzdkifwGifrqdk
pdk;pE´mxGef;pmvkH;ygonfh zdkifudk &SmazG&ef trdefYay;xm;Edkifonf/
azmifhrsdK;twGufudkrqdk toHk;jyKEdkifonf/ aZmf*sD?

azazmf0g&D? 2009 103


Feature : Unicode
jrapwD? Myanmar2 rSr[kwf ,leu D wk f pHowfrw S f
pm&if;Z,m;rsm;jyKpkEkdifjcif;^ &SmazGEkdifjcif; csuf 5 'or 1 ukd vdu
k ef maom rnfonf, h el u
D w
k f
MyMyanmar Unicode Unicode pepfudk oHk;jcif;jzifh pm&if;Z,m;rsm; azmifhyifjzpfygap toHk;jyKEdkifonf/
jyKpkEkdifjcif;? pm&if;Z,m;rsm;xJrS vdktyfonfh tcsuftvufrsm;udk
a&G;xkwfpDpOfEkdifjcif;? Munfh½IEkdifjcif;rsm; vkyfEdkifonf/ Oyrm zGJYpnf;yHk pm½ku
d pf epf trsKd ;rsKd ;
tajccHOya'udk jynfvHk;uRwfqE´cH,lyGJvkyfonfhtcg touf 18 ESpf MyMyanmar Unicode System wGif uGey
f sL
txuf usm;? r pm&if;udk tvkyftudkiftvkduf? ae&ma'otvkduf? wmwGif; pm½kdufxnfhaompepf trsdK;rsdK;yg0ifonfh
jrdKUe,ftvdkuf? aus;&Gmtvkduf tp&Sdojzifh vdktyfovdk tao;pdwf tcsufonf jrefrmuGefysLwm toHk;jyKolrsm;udk
jrefrmbmomjzifh Munfh½IEkdifonf/ 0efxrf;rsm;pm&if;rS &mxl;wdk;jr§ifh tqifajyaponf/ 0if;tif;0vufuGufjzifh tqif
tvkduf vkyfouftvdkuf wef;pDZ,m;ukd qGJEdkifjcif;/
ajyaeolrsm;twGuf 0if;tif;0vufuGufukd quf
vuf toHk;jyKEdkifonf/ yef;oD;uGefysLwm toHk;jyK
olrsm;taejzifh toHxu G u f t kd ajccHaom vufuu G f
pepfjzifh ½kdufESdyfEdkifonf/ (Oyrm k ukd u? t udk
w) xdkYjyif vufuGufrodolrsm;twGufESifh vuf
uGufudk arhwwfolrsm;twGuf on-screen key-
board pGrf;aqmifrIwpfrsdK;ukd xnfhoGif;ay;xm;
onf/ uGefysLwm armfeDwmay:wGif jrifae&rnfh
vufuGufyHkpHukd Munfhí armufpfcvkwfjzifhESdyfum
pm½ku d Ef ikd rf nf jzpfonf/ xdYk jyif jrefrm toHxu G u
f kd
t*FvdyfpmvHk;aygif;jzifh ½dkufxnfhjcif;? (Oyrm
aeaumif;vm;udk nay kaung lar, r*Fvmyg udk min
uGefysLwmudk jrefrmvdk toHk;jyKEkdifjcif; ga lar par [k vnf;aumif;) jzifhvnf; toHk;jyKEdkif
onf/ rMumrDwGif unpfwHjzifh pma&;ouJhodkY
MyMyanmar Unicode System onf uGefysLwmudk jrefrmbmom
a&;om;Edik af om pepfuydk g uGeyf sLwmrsm;wGif toH;k
jzifh toHk;jyKapEkdifygrnf/ uGefysLwm\ rnfonfhae&mwGifrqdk
jyKEdik af wmhrnf jzpfonf/ (azazmf0g&DvwGif xGu&f dS
jrefrmpmudk toHk;jyKEkdifonf/ uGefysLwmtwGif; jrefrmbmomjzifh
&SdaeaomtaMumif;t&mrsm;udk jrefrmbmomokH;í &SmazGMunfh½IEkdif
rnfh Defined e vufuidk u f eG yf sLwmwGif jrefrmpmukd
onf/ pm&if;Z,m;rsm;udk jrefrmpmjzifhtoHk;jyKEkdifonf/ uGefysLwm\ vuf a&;jzifh a&;om;Edkifonfhpepf yg&SdvmjyD jzpf
trdefYay;jcif;rsm;? tvkyfvkyfjcif;rsm;udkyg jrefrmbmomjzifh awGYjrif onf/)
Ekdifojzifh jrefrmbmompum;u jrefrmvlrsKd;wdkif; uGefysLwmudk
tvG,fwul toHk;jyKEkdifaprnf jzpfygonf/ vufuGuaf jymif;½ku d &f efrvdk
uGeyf sLwmwGif jrefrmpmukd toH;k jyKolrsm;tae
jzifh tcuftcJawGYonfrSm jrefrmazmifh ajymif;onfh
tcg vufuu G af jymif;½ku d &f onfh jyóemjzpfonf/
MyMyanmar Unicode System 2009 wG i f
rnfonfah zmifyh pkH u H o kd ;kH onfjzpfap vufuu G af jymif;
½ku d &f efrvdb k J rdr½d udk af eusvufuu G t
f wdik ;f pm½kud f
Edik &f ef pDraH y;xm;onf/ xdYk jyif jrefrmvufuu G rf od
olrsm;twGuf on-screen keyboard jzifh armufpf
ukd toHk;jyKí ½kdufESdyfEdkif&efudkyg pDrHay;xm;onf/
2009 ckESpftwGif; vufa&;jzifhrSwfom;Edkifaom
,leu D wk pf epfyg xyfrx H u G f ay:vmrnfjzpf&m jrefrm

104 uGefysLwm*sme,f
Feature :trS
Unicode
wfw&
bmompum;ukd wwfuRrf;½HkrQjzifhyif uGefysLwmudk ukdom oHk;aeMu&&mrS azmifhyHkpHtrsdK;rsdK; toHk;jyK&ef
toHk;jyKEdkifawmhrnfjzpfonf/ vdktyfaom ae&mrsm;twGuf tqifajyapEdkifrnf
jzpfonf/ txl;ojzifh tifwmeufwiG f toH;k rsm;ae
Myanmar2 ukd toH;k csEikd f aom aZmf*sDazmifhonf ,leDukwfpepfESifh rukdufnD
tpdk;& ½Hk;tzGJYtpnf;rsm;wGif e-government ojzifh ,leDukwf pepf 5 'or 1 twGuf owf
vkyfief;pOfrsm; tqifajyacsmarGYapa&;twGuf rSwxf m;aom pnf;rsOf;rsm;twdik ;f toH;k jyKEdik af p&ef
,leDukwfpHowfrSwfcsufpepf 5 'or 1 udk vkduf MyMyanmar Unicode System 2009 wGif aZmf*sD
emonfh Myanmar2 azmifu h dk toH;k jyK&ef owfrw S f
xm;&m MyMyanmar Unicode System 2009 pmvHk;yHkpHtrsKd;rsKd;oHk;Ekdifjcif;
onf tqdkyg Myanmar2 azmifhtwGuf wdkuf½kduf
toHk;jyKEdkifonf/ MyMyanmar Unicode pepfukd toHk;jyKonfhtcg jrefrmpmvkH;yHkpH
100 ausmfudk toHk;jyKEkdifrnf jzpfygonf/ vuf&Sd uGefysLwmrsm;wGif
Myanmar2 font ukdoHk;Edkif&eftwGuf Key-
toHk;jyKaeMuaom pmvHk;yHkpHtm;vHk;udk toHk;jyKEkdifygonf/
man aqmhzf0Jukd Mum;cHaqmhzf0Jtjzpf toHk;jyKrS
pmpDpm½kdufí &onf/ Keyman aqmhzf0J rygvQif
Myanmar2 font ukd toHk;jyKí r&Edkifyg/ Key-
man aqmhz0 f o
J nf Edik if jH cm;rS xkwv f yk af omaqmhz0f J
wpfckjzpfjyD; aqmhzf0Jwpfck\wefzdk;rSm tar&duef
a':vm 100 wefzdk;&Sdonf/ ,aeY jrefrmwpfEdkifiH
vHk; ½Hk;tzGJYtpnf;rsm;wGif toHk;jyKaeMujcif;rSm
w&m;0if 0,f,ltoHk;jyKjcif;rsdK;r[kwfbJ aqmhzf0J owfyHkppfaq;ay;jcif;
rlydkifcGifhukd csdK;azmufí tcrJh toHk;jyKaeMu&jcif; MyMyanmar Unicode System udktoHk;jyKjcif;jzifh jrefrmpmtzGJYrS
jzpfonf/ xdkokdY tcrJh &,ltoHk;jyKaejcif;onf owfrSwfxm;aom jrefrmpm owfyHk? owfnTef; pnf;rsOf;rsm;twkdif;
rMumrD touf0ifvmawmhrnfh aumfy½D u dk f Oya't& ½dkufESdyfEkdif&ef jyKvkyfay;xm;jyD; oufqkdif&m aqmhzf0Jrsm; (Oyrm-
jyóemrsm;pGm jzpfEikd o f nf/ Keyman \ jrefrmEdik if H Microsoft word) wGifvnf; owfyHk ppfaq;ay;ygonf/ ,cif
ukd,fpm;vS,fu Oya't& ta&;qdkvmrIrsm;ESifh uvdk rsOf;vdkif;teDrsm;jzifh rSm;aeaMumif; jyoawmhrnf r[kwfyg/
vnf; &ifqdkif&Edkifonfh tcuftcJrsm; &SdvmEdkif
rl&if;aqmhzf0Jonf
onf/ jrefrmpmukd rodojzifh
MyMyanmar Unicode System 2009 onf pmvkH;aygif;owfykH
tqdkygjyóemrsm;ukd a&Smif&Sm;Edkifonfh jrefrmEdkifiH rSm;aeonf[k uGefysLwmu
om;rsm; xkwfvkyfaom uGefysLwmpepfwpfck jzpf rsOf;vdkif;teDrsm;om;í
onf/ Keyman aqmhz0f u J ohJ Ydk yif toH;k jyKEdik o
f nf/ jyoonf/
tcsdKYae&mrsm;wGif Keyman aqmhzf0Jxufyif ydkí
toHk;csEdkifonf/jrefrmvlrsdK;rsm;ukd,fwdkif jrefrm
bmompum;twGuf toHk;csEdkif&ef vkyfaqmif
xm;ojzifh ykdí tqifajyapEdkifrnfjzpfonf/ ,leDukwfpepfwGif
uGefysLwmonf
jrefrmpmukdem;vnfojzifh
aZmf*saD zmifu
h dk ,leu
D w
k jf zifo
h ;kH Edik jf yD
pmvkH;aygif;owfykH
xdkYjyif Myanmar2 ESifhtvm;wl ,leDukwf rSefuefaMumif;
pHowfrSwfcsuf 5 'or 1 ukd vdkufemaom jrefrm rsOf;vdkif;teDrsm;
azmifhrsm;udkvnf; xnfhoGif;ay;xm;&m ½Hk;tzGJY azsmufxm;ay;onf/
tpnf;rsm;taejzifh Myanmar2 azmifhwpfckwnf;

azazmf0g&D? 2009 105


Feature : Unicode

uGefysLwmukd vG,fulpGm tokH;jyKEdkifjcif; xnfhoGif;ay;xm;onf/ xdkYjyif uGefysLwm yHkESdyf


jrefrmpmukd uGefysLwmwGif tokH;cs&ef vkyfaqmifonfhtcg uGefysLwm xkwfa0a&;avmuESifh *&yfzpf'DZkdif;avmuwGif
wGif;okdY tcsuftvufrsm; xnfhoGif; ½kdufxnfhonfhpepfonf ta&; toHk;jyKaeMuaom azmifhyHkpH 100 ausmfukdvnf;
MuD;ygonf/ jrefrmbmompum;ukd uGefysLwmwGif ½kdufxnfh&ef pepf ,leuD w
k af zmifrh sm;tjzpf ajymif;vJay;xm;jyD; rMumrD
[lí jrefrmEdkifiHwGif avmufavmufvm;vm; r&Sdao;yg/ My- qufvufxkwfa0oGm;&ef tpDtpOf&Sd&m uGefysLwm
Myanmar Unicode System wGif tqdkyg vdktyfcsufudk jznfhqnf; toHk;jyKolrsm;taejzifhvnf; rdrd MudKufESpfouf&m
ay;xm;ygonf/ jrefrmEdkifiHwGif tokH;jyKaeaom vufuGufpepfrsm;ukd azmifhtrsdK;tpm;ukd pdwfMudKuf toHk;jyKoGm;Ekdifrnf
tajccHí Input Method ukd wDxGif xnfhoGif; aygif;pyfxm;ygonf/ jzpfonf/
jrefrmpmukd vufESdyfpuf vufuGufykHpHjzifhvnf;aumif;? toHxGufudk
tajccHaom vufuGufpepfjzifhvnf;aumif; (Oyrm m ukd r? K ukd
u)? t*Fvdyf toHxGufpepfjzifhvnf;aumif; (Oyrm aeaumif;vm;ukd
WindowsXP ukd jrefrmvdk toH;k jyKEikd o
f nf
Nay Kaung Lar) MudKufESpfouf&m ykHpHjzifh ½kdufESdyfEdkifygonf/ vuf
tvm;wlyif MyMyanmar Unicode Sys-
uGufudk rodygu on screen keyboard ac: uGefysLwm armfeDwmwGif tem 2009 wGif uGey f sLwmukd jrefrmbmomjzifh toH;k
jrifae&rnfh vufuGufudk Munfhí ½kdufESdyfEdkifygonf/ rMumrD jyKEdkif&eftwGuf uGefysLwmtrsm;pkwGif toHk;jyKae
umvwGif vufa&;jzifhxnfhoGif; toHk;jyKEdkifawmhrnf jzpfygonf/ Muaom Windows XP ukd jrefrmbmomjzifh
toHk;jyKEdkifap&ef wDxGifxnfhoGif;ay;xm;&m ,ckrS
uGefysLwmukd pwiftoHk;jyKolrsm;? ausmif;om;
ausmif;olrsm;? bmompum;tcuftcJaMumifh
uGefysLwmukdtoHk;jyK&ef vufaES;aeolrsm;twGuf
uGefysLwmtoHk;jyK&ef taumif;qHk; taxmuftul
jyKEdkifrnfjzpfonf/
uGefysLwmwGif toHk;jyKxm;aom vkyfief;pOf
rsm; tm;vHk;ukd jrefrmbmompum;jzifh awGYjrifEdkif
onf/ zdkif? aumfyDul;yg? zsufypfyg? rMumcifu
vkyfaqmifcJhaom pm&Guf pmwrf;rsm; tp&Sdonfhjzifh
azmfjyxm;csufrsm;onf uGefysLwmtoHk;jyKol
twGuf oHk;&vG,fulaponf/ xdkYjyif pD'Dul;aeyg
,leuD wk pf epfudk xnfoh iG ;f ay;xm;onf/ xdYk aMumifh onf? b,fESrdepfMumygrnf? acwåapmifhyg? pD'D
aZmf*sDazmifhukd ,leDukwfpepftwdkif; tjynfht0 tvGww f pfcsyx f nfyh g? oif\ pD'yD suaf eonf ul;í
toHk;jyKEdkifjyDjzpf&m uGefysLwmudk e,fy,fae&m r&yg? aemufxyf pD'DtvGwfwpfcsyf xnfhyg tp&Sd
toD;oD;wGif toHk;csaeolrsm;twGuf ,leDukwf onfh uGeyf sLwm vkyaf qmifcsurf sm;ukd jrefrmbmom
pepfukd tjynfht0 toHk;csEdkifawmhrnfjzpfonf/ jzifh &Sif;vif;jyxm;onf/
,cifuvdk aqmhzf0JwpfrsdK;wGif azmifhwpfrsdK; oHk;ae xdkYjyif uGefysLwmwGif zdkifrsm; trnfay;jcif;?
&onfhjyóemrsm;vnf; uif;&Sif;oGm;rnfjzpfjyD; odrf;qnf;jcif;? jyefvnf&SmazGjcif;rsm;ukd jrefrm
rnfonfhaqmhzf0JwGif toHk;jyKonfjzpfap tqif bmomjzifhyif vkyfaqmifEdkifrnfh uGefysLwmpepf
ajypGm toHk;csEdkifawmhrnfjzpfonf/ ukyd g xnfo h iG ;f ay;xm;ojzifh owif;tcsut f vuf
udk tajccHívkyfaqmif&aom tpdk;& ½Hk;tzGJYtpnf;
,leu
D w
k af zmifah ygi;f 100 ausmf rsm;? yk*¾vduukrÜPDrsm;twGuf vkyfief;rsm; ydkrdk
MyMyanmar Unicode System 2009 tqifajyacsmarGYpGm aqmif&GufEdkifawmhrnf jzpf
ESit
hf wl ,leu
D w
k af zmifrh sm;jzpfaom MyMyanmar aMumif; od&Sd&onf/
font, CE Classic font, M-Myanmar font, jrifah 0
ZawGyi font rsm; pkpkaygif; azmifh 11 rsdK;ukd

106 uGefysLwm*sme,f
trStrS
ww f fw
&&

uGefysLwm*sme,f 15 ESpfc&D;
'kwd, 5 ESpfwmumv 1999-2003
uGeyf sLwm*sme,f&UJ 'kw,
d 5 ESpwf mumv cJhwmjzpfygw,f/ jyyGJMuD;wpfckvHk;udk pDpOf MuD;
twGif;rSm jrefrmEkdifiH&JU tkdifpDwD jzpfay: wdk; MuyfolawGuvnf; xHk;pHtwkdif; uRefawmfeJY
wufrI[m tvGefjrefqefwJhEIef;eJY ajymif;vJcJhyg uReaf wmfoh il ,fcsi;f rsm;yJjzpfygw,f/ 'DwpfMudrf
w,f/ jyD;cJhwJh 5 ESpfwm umvtwGif; tajc rSmawmh yxrqHk;tMudrfwkef;uvdk uGefysLwm
wnfcJhwJh tpysKd;taMumif;t&mawGtm;vHk;[m taMumif; odaumif;p&mjyuGuaf wG rygawmhyg
'DtcsdefrSm pkpnf;jyD; atmifjrifwdk;wufrIawG bl;/ 'DuaeYacwf uGefysLwmjyyGJawGvdk jycef;
trsm;MuD; jzpfay:vmcJw h m awGY&ygw,f/ 'gay awGeJY aps;a&mif;yGJawmf usif;ycJhwmyJ jzpfyg
r,fh uGefysLwm*sme,ftaeeJY 'kwd, 5 ESpfwm w,f/
umv&JUtp 1999 ckESpf Zefe0g&Dvxkwfpmtkyf uGefysLwm*sme,f&JU Zefe0g&D + azazmf0g&D
rxGufEkdifcJhwmuawmh ajymprSwfjyK&r,fhtjzpf vxkwf (ESpv f aygif;) rsufEmS zH;k uvnf; uGeyf sL
ygyJ/ uGefysLwm*sme,f ESpfpOfaMu; ay;oGif; wmjyyG J t aMumif ; rsuf E S m zH k ; yJ j zpf y gw,f /
xm;olawGudk awmif;yefpum;qdkcJh&ygw,f/ uGefysLwm*sme,feJU wyfrawmf Munf;a&av
aemufaemif 'Dvdkrjzpfatmif MudK;pm;oGm;ygr,f uGefysLwmXmerª;½Hk;wdkY&JU yl;aygif;pDpOfwJh uGefysL
vdkYvnf; uwdu0wfjyKcJh&ygw,f/ wm jyyGaJ wG[mvnf; tJ'ED pS rf mS wif tqH;k owfchJ
1999 ckEpS f Zefe0g&DvxJrmS 'kw,d tMudrf ygw,f/ bmaMumifv h qJ akd wmh uGeyf sLwmtoif;
uGefysLwm jyyGJudk wyfrawmfcef;rrSm vkyfjzpfcJh awG &SdaejyDjzpfwJhtwGuf 'Dvdkudprö sKd;ukd uGefysL
wmuvnf; uGeyf sLwm*sme,f wpfvrxkwEf idk f wm toif;awGuyJ OD;aqmifoifw h ,fvYkd ,lqcJh
cJw
h t hJ aMumif;wpfaMumif; jzpfygw,f/ ,cifu wJh twGufaMumifh uRefawmfwdkYudk,fwdkif rvkyf
vdkyJ wyfrawmfMunf;a&av uGefysLwmXmerª; awmhbl;vdkY qHk;jzwfcJhwm jzpfygw,f/
½Hk;eJY uGefysLwm*sme,fwdkY yl;aygif;pDpOf usif;y wu,fawmh uGefysLwm toif;tzGJYawG

azazmf0g&D? 2009 107


trS w f w &
[m Oya'wpf&yf jy|mef;jyD; jzpfay:vmwm ya&mfzuf&iS ef ,f csKyfa&;? jzefYcsda&; tm;vHk;udk ukd,fykdif tzGJY
jzpfygw,f/ EkdifiHtwGuf ta&;MuD;wJh tae tpnf;eJY wku d ½f ukd v f yk u
f idk cf w
hJ mjzpfygw,f/ 98
txm;jzpfvkdY Oya'jy|mef;jyD; Oya't& zGJYpnf; qdw
k m arvu uGefysLwm*sme,f½Hk;cef;udk vuf&Sd 197
xm;wJh tzGJYtpnf;awGjzpfvdkY 'DtzGJYtpnf; (c)? yxrxyf? 33 vrf;udk ajymif;cJhjyD; 8 v
awGuvnf; OD;aqmif usif;yoifhw,fxifvdkY ya&mfzuf&iS ef ,fqw kd m tMumrSm jzpfygw,f/ wkduf½dkufjzefYcsdwJhtwGuf
jzpfygw,f/ uk,
d bf ,favmuf pmzwfy&dowftm;vHk;eJY uGefysLwm*sme,ftzGJY
'DtcsdefrSm ajymp&mwpfckawmh&Sdygw,f/ wwfw,fqw kd mvnf; om;awG &if;&if;ES;D ES;D awGYjrifqufqcH iG u hf vkd nf;
Oya't& zGJYpnf;xm;wJh jrefrmEkdifiHuGefysLwm &cJhygw,f/
vkyfief;&Siftoif;[m jynfxJa&;0efMuD;Xme&JU odw,f/ 99-03 ckEpS t f wkid ;f twm umvtwGi;f rSm
trdefYaMumfnmpmt& zGJYpnf;xm;wJh ukefonf uk, d bf mrwwfb;l jzpf&yfawG[m ,cifEpS af wGuvdrk [kwb f J jzpf&yf
MuD;rsm;toif; (UMFCCI) &JU vufatmufcH qdw k mvnf; odwv hJ ?l wpfcck si;f [m ESpt f vku d f tajccHjzpfay:jyD; quf
toif;0ifcJhwmudk xl;xl;jcm;jcm; awGY&ygvdrfh vufcEH idk w f v
hJ l wku d jf zpfxeG ;f wd;k wufraI wG jzpfvmwmudk awGY&
r,f/ 'Dudp[ ö m uGefysLwmtoif;awG&JU MoZm ygw,f/ 'g[m tJ'D 5 ESpfwmumv&JU xl;jcm;
tmPm us,jf yefYr?I *kPo f u
d m© eJY wm0ef&rdS aI wGeYJ csufyJjzpfygw,f/ tifwmeuf toHk;jyKcGifh&
ywf o uf j yD ; pOf ; pm;p&mwpf c k j zpf y gw,f / vmwm? uGefysLwmtoif;awG zGHYjzdK; wdk;wuf
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eJY aq;ypönf; ukefonfrsm;toif;&JU axmufcH wJh tcsdefjzpfayr,fh jrefrmEkdifiH&JU uGefysLwm
csufudk pD;yGm;ul;oef;0efMuD;Xmeu tjynfht0 avmuudk bmrSrxdckdufwJhtjyif wpf[kefxdk;
vufcHxm;ygw,f/ wdk;wufvmwm? 2001 rSm urÇmwpf0ef; Inter-
uGefysLwm*sme,ftaeeJYuawmh tkdifpDwD net bubble MuD; aygufuGJjyD; uarmufur jzpf
e,fy,f us,f0ef;a&;udk qufvufvkyfaqmifrI aecsdefrSm jrefrmEkdifiH&JU uGefysLwmavmu tajc
awG r&yfcJhygbl;/ us&mae&mu c&D;qufcJh ckdifckdifcs aeEkdifjyDjzpfwmawG[m jynfwGif;jynfy
ygw,f/ uGefysLwm*sme,f pDrHcefYcGJa&;eJY ywf &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHolawGtwGuf tcGifhtvrf;aumif;
oufjyD; tajymif;tvJav;awG&SdcJhwmu tkyf MuD;awG yGifhvmjyDvdkY ,lqcJhMuygw,f/ wu,f
olwpYkd um; vJ jzpfxGef;wnf&SdrIawG trsm;MuD; awGY&yg
w,f/
tkdifwDbufvkdif;udk vkdufr,fqdkwJh
arQmfvifhcsufa&mifjcnfawG orf;aewJh
vli,fawGtaeeJYu t"du tcsuf
umv jzpfygw,f/ 'gayr,fh tJ'Dtcsdefwkef;u
av;csuf vdkw,fvdkY jrifygw,f/
cifarmifnKd (abm*aA') uawmh tckvkd ajymyg
yxrqHk; education foundation
w,f/ ]]tkid w f qD w kd m uRefawmfjrifwm zdx k ;kd wm
(ynma&;tajccH) awmifhwif;&r,f/
eJYwlovdkyJ/ "mwfvkH;awmh&jyD/ a&TyJqufauR;
ESpftcsufu product wpfckckrSm
&rvm;/ bmqufvkyf&rvJ}}vdkY qdkcJhygw,f/
skillful &Sd&r,f/ oHk;tcsufu
2003 ckEpS rf mS ajymcJw h mjzpfygw,f/ uReaf wmfwYkd
bGJYwpfckck&xm;zdkYvdkw,f/
awG "mwfv;kH yJatmifco hJ vm;/ a&Tyq J ;kH cJoh vm;
aemufqHk;tcsuf uRefawmfwdkYqDu
qdkwmawmh tJ'Dtcsdeftxd bmrS rajymEkdifao;
ynm&SifawG[m international
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99-03 ckESpfumvawGrSm taumif;wumh
OD;aomif;wif (KMD)
taumif;qHk;awGjzpfcJhovdk tqdk;qHk;udpöawG

108 uGefysLwm*sme,f
trStrS
ww f fw
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vnf; &SdcJhygw,f/ Oyrm-Akdif;&yfpfjyóem jzpf olwpYkd um;
ygw,f/ 'DvdkyJ &ifwxdwfxdwfeJY bmjzpfrvJ?
bmjzpfrvJqdkjyD; apmifhpm;ae&wJhumvvnf; wuúodkvfMuD;udk b,favmuf tm;udk;
&Sdygw,f/ Y2K jyóemjzpfygw,f/ MurvJ/ &SdorQvkyfief;udk ukd,fh[mukd,f
vkyfzdkYvnf; rjzpfEkdifygbl;/ wcsKdU[mus
Y2K jyóem awmh wuúodkvfudkyJ tm;udk;&rSm jzpfyg
Y2K jyóemeJYywfoufjyD; EkdifiHwum w,f/ b,f[mawGtwGuf wuúodkvfudk
owdrrlrdcifuwnf;u jrefrmEkdifiH &efukef tm;udk;rvJ? b,f[mawG ukd,fhbmom
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Enermax Caesar
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Editor Rating 9.0 Editor Rating 8.7 Editor Rating 8.4 399 a':vm Editor Rating 7.5



Editor Rating 8.3


Specs Specs Specs Specs


-1.6 GHz Atom N270 - 1.6GHz AtomN 270


-1.6 GHz Atom N270 Specs -1.6 GHz Atom N270


-1 GB DDR2 RAM - 1 GB DDR2 RAM -1 GB DDR2 RAM -1.6GHz AtomN 270 -512 MB DDR2 RAM


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Elika u olr&JU mission rjyD;pD;Edkif&if t&nftcsif;jynfhrDr,fh aemufvdkuf &Sm z,f&Sm;&ygOD;r,f/ awmf0if eef;awmf
b,fvdkvkyfrvJ/ b,favmuf cufcJ zdkY qdkifopf p&Smaumif; &Smvdrhfr,f/ Royal Palace [m tma&bD,Hn teHY
aom tajctaersK;d jzpfaeyap jzpfwikd ;f Prince of Persia rSm 'fail state' t&om xHv k rT ;f vsuf &Sw
d ,f/ rif;orD;
jzpfwdkif; Prince udk aorif;wHcg;0u u &Sdawmh&Sdw,f/ 'gayr,fh ¤if;rS jyef &SD[m&mZuf ay:vmjyD; wpfaxmihf
cRwaf csmrf rI &Sd tjrJqx JG wk Ef ikd &f if b,fvkd vnf q,fwifzYkd &m jrefveG ;f vG,v f eG ;f wpfn yHkjyifawG ajymawmhrvm;awmif
vkyfrvJ/ awmh tcgrsm;pGmrSm fail r&Sdovdk cHpm; xif & w,f / The Sun Tower &J U
xdktcg oifu pHus cover-to- &ygw,f/ wpfckawmh aumif;ygw,f/ MuD;rm;vSaom rD;vQHausmufawG rd;k ay:
cover novel &ygw,f/ 0w¬KawGxJrSm udkifaygufcH&jyD; controllers ysufpD;& odkY tjydKifvkwufaejyD; {&mr av
b,f Zmwfvdkufausmfwpfa,mufu wJh eHygwfwpf taMumif;&if; azsmufjyD; &[wfMuD;rsm;uvnf; rjywf vnf
e*g;udk rowfcif? princess udk ru,f om; jzpfoGm;ygw,f/ vsuf &Sdaeygw,f/
cif tcgwpfaxmif aovdkYvJ/ ao&mrS aemuf xl;jcm;wJh yHkpHopf wpfcku twefi,f open jzpfaomurÇmrSm
jyef&iS vf mwm[m xl;jcm;av;jrwfaom awmh graphic-novel art style jzpfyg Light seed awG vdu k pf Ek ikd o
f vdk pD;&D;&JU
option taotcsmud k jzpf y gw,f / w,f/ Prince &JU pGefYpm;cef;awGrSm tjrJ aysmfarGUzG,f wall-run, jump,
'gayr,fh oif[m Mirror's Edge pdjk ynfawmufywJh a&aq;yef;csDaemufcH double-jump, shimmer, slide
taqmufttHku 15 Mudrfajrmuf jyKwf ozG,f yHak zmfay;xm;ygw,f/ tJ'D tvS platforming awGudk acsmarGUwJh ani-
usjyD;wm jrif&jyD;wJt h cg Jesus Christ tyawG jrif&zdkY yxrqHk; raumif; mation awGeJY yHkazmfay;xm;ygw,f/
ynmom;ygwJ h level design,
vSywJh art direction, Munfhaumif;jyD;
aysmfarGUp&m platforming, ½kyf&Sifqef
aom combat moves eJY wpfrlxl;jcm;
wJh gameplay mechanices jzpfapwJh
Elika wdkUu aumif;uGuf jzpfw,f/
tcsKdUolawGtwGuf pdwfysufp&m jzpf
oGm;Edkifwmu vG,fvGef;aejcif;ygyJ/

azazmf0g&?D 2009 133


Photoshop jzwfvrf;enf;rsm;

TV Scanline Effect zefw;D jcif;

TV screen ay:rSm jrif&wJh tpif;aMumif;yHkpH TV scan


Line effect vkyMf unfMh uygr,f/ tvGev
f ,
G w
f hJ jzwfvrf;enf;
jzpfygw,f/

tqifh «1»
yxrqHk; pOf;pm;&rSmu yHk&JU resolution udkyg/ yHkESdyf
printing twGuf 300 ppi oHk;rSmvm;/ Onscreen web
twGuf 72 ppi oHk;rSmvm; qdkwmyg/

tqifh «3»
'Dwpfcg 300 ppi twGuf pattern t&ifenf;twdkif;
xyfvyk rf ,f/ Document topf ac:wJt h cg ,ckawmh width
ü 3 pixel, hight ü 6 pixel, resolution 300 pixels/inch eJY
tqifh «2»
background contents rSm Transparent xm;yg/ jrif&atmif
Scanline vkyfzdkY pattern t&if owfrSwfay;&ygr,f/
Resolution tvdkuf ESpfrsKd; cGJvkyf&r,f/ yxrqHk; 72 ppi
twGuf vkyfr,f/ Document topfac:wJhtcg (Ctrl+N)
width rSm 1 pixel, hight rSm 2 pixel, resolution 72 pixels /
inch eJY Background contents rSm Transparent xm;yg/
jrif&atmif zoom csJUyg/ D udk ESdyfjyD; foreground color
udk black xm;yg/ Pixel t&G,f pwk&ef;yHkudk teufa&mifeJY
jznfhyg/ yHktwdkif; jzpfvmr,f/ Edit>Define Pattern udk
oGm;jyD; scanline 72 trnfay;í OK udk ESdyfyg/ Docu-
ment udk ydwfyg/

134 uGefysLwm*sme,f
Photoshop jzwfvrf;enf;rsm;

zoom csUJ yg/ M ESy


d jf yD; rectangular marquee tool udk a&G;yg/
Option bar ü style rSm fixed size xm;yg/ Width rSm 3 px, tqifh «5»
Height rSm 3px xm;yg/ yHkygtwdkif; txufydkif;wpf0uf xdk scanline wifxm;onfh layer \ opacity udk 32 rS
drag qJGa&G;jyD; teufa&mif jznfhyg/ Edit>Define Pattern 11% xm;jyD; upm;Munfhyg/
jzifh Scanline 300 trnfay;í OK udk ESdyfyg/ Document
udk ydwfyg/

tqifh «4»
Effect oGif;vdkwJh rl&if;yHkudk jznfhyg/ Resolution 72
vm;? 300 vm; aocsmodygap/ Ctrl + Shift+N eJY Layer
tvGwf topfjyKvkyfyg/ Edit>Fill odkY oGm;yg/ Contents
uGuf&JU Use tuGufü Pattern udk a&G;yg/ Custom Pat-
tern udk axmufjyD;aemuf 72 resolution yHktwGufqdkvQif
Scanline 72 udk a&G;? 300 resolution yHktwGufqdkvQif scan
line 300 udk a&G;yg/

azazmf0g&D? 2009 135


IT Tutorial

9: Class diagram revisited

t&m0w¬Kypönf;rsm; trsKd;trnf cGJjcm;ykdif;jzwfowfrSwfí xufatmuf qifhuJ


hierarchy trsK;d tpm; cGJjy;D ygu vkyif ef;wpf0ufjy;D \/

OOP \class diagram taMumif; rarQmfrSef;xm;onfrsm; jzpfEkdifajc &Sdyg tvm;wl tjydKiferlemrdk',ftjzpf wky
rajymrD tpOftvm orm;½d;k us y½d*k &rf onf/ code zGYJ Ei
dk zf Ykd&m jzpfonf/ Object wpfck
a&;om;jcif; yg&m'kdif;jzpfaom proce- OOP \ object t,l t qrS m onf ukd,fajz&Sif;rnfh problem do-
dure csOf;uyfenf;taMumif;ajymí Edi I ;f jyif y t&S d t rS e f a vmu\ oabm main \ oabmouefudk wky oGifwl
,SOfMunfhvQif ydkíxifomp&m &Sdyg obm0udk model jyKjyD; ¤if; model jyKEkdifonf/ Object wpfckwGif attri-
onf/ y½dk*&rfqdkonfu data tcsuf twkid ;f programming language xJrmS bute ESifh operation [lí ygonf/ 'grS
tvuf r sm;ud k procedure tvk d u f
process vkyf&jcif; jzpfonf/ orm;½dk; yk-H 1
us csOf;uyfenf;t& data ESifh proce-
dure onf oyfoyfpDuGJaeonf/ oif
onf data rsm;udk procedure wpfckrS
wpfco k Ykd vufqifu
h rf; ydYk aqmifajz&Si;f
&onf/ tu,fí vdktyfcsufajymif;
vQif procedure hierarchy wpfckvHk;
vkdufajymif;&awmhrnf/ xdkYjyif global
variable [kac:aom t&mtay: pro-
duce rsm;pGmrS wpfjydKifeuf access &,l
EkdifvQif wpfcku vkyfvkdufonfh side
effect udk tjcm;wpfcku rodEkdifbJ

136 uGefysLwm*sme,f
IT Tutorial

yk-H 2
Generalization/
Specialization

vnf; thing [kac:onfh t&m0w¬Krsm; *kPf&nf Mueftifvu©Pmudk jyonf/ tjyifü wu,f&Sdaom thing rsm;udk
udk jyD;jynfhpHkpGm oGifwljyKEkdifrnf jzpf Operation onf ¤if; object udk,fpm; object tjzpf oabm xkwf,ljcif;rS csJU
ygonf/ Attribute onf ¤if; object jyK&m thing \ vkyfaqmifcsuf? jzpf xGifí ajz&Sif;csuftwGuf oabmt,l
ukd,fpm;jyK&m thing \ t&G,ftpm;? ysurf ?I ajymif;vJr?I vIy&f mS ;rIponfuo
hJ Ykd concept t& j'yfrhJ object rsm;udv
k nf;
ta&mif? jyKvkyf&mypönf; ponfuJhokdY behaviour tjyKtrl u d k jyygonf / csJUxGif xkwf,lEkdifygonf/

yk-H 3
Aggregation

azazmf0g&?D 2009 137


IT Tutorial
oabmt,lukd taotcsmykid ;f jcm;xm;
yk-H 4 jyD; class wpfckvHk;tay: vTrf;jcHKouf
a&mufonfh attribute ESifh operation
rsm;vnf;&Síd cGjJ cm;wwf&rnfjzpfonf/
OOP \ aemufxyf oabmt,lrsm;rSm
- Generalization/ Specialization
Hierarchy
- Association/ Aggregation wdkYyJ
jzpfygonf/
Generalization/ Specialization
Hierarchy qdkonfrSm vlawGu t&m
0w¬Krsm;udk qifwrl EI iS hf uGmjcm;rIrsm;t&
Object wpfcu
k kd oabmt,lxw
k f onf Association \ txl;jyK trsKd; rsK;d rnfyidk ;f jcm;Muonfh pdwuf ;l tkid 'f ,
D m
jyD;aomtcg wlnDonfht&mrsm;udk bHk tpm; jzpfonf/ tay: tajccHonf/ Generalization
xk w f í txuf t qif h superclass Association om r&SdvQif twl rSm t&m0w¬Krsm;\ qifwlaom trsKd;
tjzpf azmfaqmifrnf/ xdkYaemufrS wuG tvkyv f yk af qmifrrI &Sí
d tvkyjf zpf tpm;rsm;udk tkyfpkzGJYvTrf;jcHKac:,ljcif;
tqifhvkduf tEkpdwf? tao;pdwf sub- jcif;r&Sdaom oD;jcm; class rsm;om jzpf jzpfonf/ Oyrmtm;jzifh um;? x&yfESifh
class tjzpf cGJoGm;rnf/ atmuftqifh aevdrfhrnf/ System wpfckwGif class wifu h m;rsm;onf armfawmf,mOfrsm;jzpf
subclass rsm;onf txuftqifh su- object rsm;onf rdrdoufqkdif&m role onf/ xdkarmfawmf,mOfrsm; tm;vHk;
perclass rsm;rS inherit tarG qufcH& u@tvkduf wpfckESifhwpfck associa- tcsKdUaom a,bk,sp½dkufvu©Pmrsm;
,lí ukd,fykdiftEkpdwftcsufrsm; xyf tion jyK qufET,fvkyfaqmifMu&jcif; bHkykdifqkdifMuonf/ Specialization rSm
aygif;Ekdifonf/ þodkYjzifh wlnDaom jzpfonf/ ¤if;onf system twGif; rwluGJjym;onfh trsKd;tpm;tjzpf cGJ
t&mwpfckwnf;udkyJ xyfcgxyfcg jyef object rsm;tMum; ESD;ET,f qufpyfyHk xkwjf cif;jzpfonf/ Oyrmtm;jzifh txl;
í a&;ae&jcif;rS a&SmifMuOfEidk jf yD; reuse owif;tcsufudk o,faqmifay;yg jyKum;rsm;wGif jydKifum;? tdrfpD;um;?
tqifhudk jr§ifhwifay;ygonf/ onf/ ¤if;onf system udk aumfuyf jydKifum;wifum; ponfjzifh yg0if
t&m0w¬Krsm;taMumif; owif; qufpyfay;onfht&mjzpfonf/ ,ck onf/ þum;trsKd;tpm;rsm;rSm tcsKdU
tcsuu f kd vl\pdwt f wGi;f zGYJpnf; wnf wifjycJhonfrsm;rSm OOP \ Class enf;vrf;rsm;tm;jzifh wlnMD ujyD; tjcm;
aqmufykH tjcm;enf;rSm olwYkd \ tpdwf object rsm;ESihf ywfoufaom t"dymÜ ,f enf;vrf;rsm;jzifh uGmjcm;Muonf/
tykdif;rsm;tm;jzifh owfrSwfaom Ag- ykdif;qkdif&m semantic jzpfí ,ck quf xdkYaMumifh jydKifum;onf txl;jyKum;
gregation (Whole-Part Hierarch- vufjyD; ¤if;wdkYudk UML \ yHkjyum; wpfpD; jzpfonf/
ies) jzpfonf/ Oyrmtm;jzifh computer csyfrsm;jzifh azmfaqmifyHkESifh syntatic
system taMumif; avhvmoifMum; rsm; erlemjy&Si;f vif;oGm;ygrnf/ Class
onft h cg ¤if;ü rwlujJG ym;onfh tpdwf ESifh Object instance udk cGJjcm;odjrifzdkY
tykdif;rsm;ESifh zGJYpnf;xm;aMumif; awGY& &m ta&;MuD;onf/ Class onf vl?
rnf/ ¤if;wdkYrSm processor, main me- um;? tdrf? ausmif;[lonfh trsm;qdkif
mory, keyboard, disk storage, mo- emrfoabmjzpfjyD; Object instance u
nitor wdkYjzpfonf/ þonfudk aggre-
armifarmif? 9u^1126 'kdifemum;?
gation [kac:onf/ Keyboard onf
tdrftrSwf (15) vHk;csif;wkduf? txu
computer \ txl ; jyKtrsKd ; tpm;
(1) ponfuJhodkY oD;oD;oefYoefY ukd,f
r[kwfyg/ ¤if;onf computer \ ykdifemrf taumiftxnf&Sd identity
tpdwftykdif; jzpfonf/ Aggregation &Sdonfht&m jzpfonf/ OOP wGif þ

138 uGefysLwm*sme,f
IT Tutorial
Class object rsm;onf xdo
k Ykdaom tykdif;onf operation udk jyonfh me- Account class wGif methods tcsKdU
class hierarchy \ wpfae&m&mwGif thod rsm;yg&S d o nf / Analysis ES i f h pm&if;jyKxm;onf/ olwdkYonf bank
&SdMurnf/ Class wpfckudk ,lvkdufyg/ Design tqifhrsm;t& rvdkao;onfh accounts rsm;t& wpfrsKd;pDjzpf&rnf
¤if;\txufü ydkí a,bk,susaom tykid ;f udk azsmufívnf; azmfjyEkid o
f nf/ jzpfjyD; system vkyfaqmifrI process-
superclass &SdEkdifonf/ ¤if;\atmuf Superclass ESihf sub class cGjJ zm pD;qif; ing twGuf aomhcsufus ta&;ygí
ü ydkí txl;jyKtEkpdwfaom subclass yHkudk jyonf/ Association udkrl jzpfonf/ ¤if;wdkYwGif make Deposit
&SdEkdifygonf/ qufoG,f&mrsOf;vkdif;? trsKd;trnf aiGoGif;jcif;ESifh make Withdrawal
azmfjycsuf? yg0ifvyk af qmif&onfh role aiGxkwfjcif;wdkYyg0ifonf/ Mudrfzefrsm;
UML class diagram tcef;u@ESifh multiplicity ac: ta& pGmü pOD;ykdif;wGif þ methods rsm;
Class wpfckudk axmifhrSefpwk*HyHk twGufjy trSwftom;rsm; yg&Sd yg azmfjyrnfr[kwf/ Analysts rsm;pGm
rectangle jzifhjyonf/ tay:qHk;tykdif; onf/ Aggregation twGurf l pdew f ;kH yHk onf object behaviour twGuf pdwf
rSm class \ trnfjzpfonf/ 'kwd, jzifh jyygonf/ ylyefqif;&JpGm &SmazG&onftxd apmifh
tykdif;rSm attribute tykdif;jzpfonf/ yHk (4) onf Customer class jzpfonf/ Murnf/ ,ck ta&;MuD;onfu Gene-
Attribute \ trnfESifh ¤if;\ data yHk (5) onf bPfaiGpm&if; Bank ralization/Specialization hierarchy
type trsK;d tpm;jyonf/ tEkpw d t
f qifh accounts udk xdef;odrf;onfh pepf ESifh qufET,fyHk association om jzpf
wGif class ukd,fykdif private vm;? jyify twGuf tus,fcsJU class diagram jzpf onf/
rS&,lEidk af om public vm;qko d nfh acc- onf/ þae&mwGif customer class Bank account system wG i f
ess modifier yg&Sdwwfonf/ wwd, twGuf methods rsm; azmfjyrxm;yg/ generalization / specialization hie-

yk-H 5

azazmf0g&?D 2009 139


IT Tutorial

yk-H 6

rarchy yg&Sdonf/ Account onf su- aom methods ESifh attributes rsm;&&Sd odkYr[kwf ta&twGuf wpfrsKd;rsKd; &SdEkdif
perclass jzpf o nf / SavingsAcc- onf / od k Y a omf SavingsAccount onf/ Diagram ü class rsm; quf
ounts ESifh CheckingAccount wdkYu onf twdk;EIef; rnfodkY wGuf&rnfukd oG,&f mvkid ;f tay: trsm;qH;k ESit hf enf;
subclass ESpfckjzpfonf/ Mwd*HyHk trSwf vnf; odonf/ Checking Account qH;k jzpfEidk af om *Pef;rsm;azmfjyonfukd
tom;u tarGqufcHrI inheritance uawmh rodyg/ &v'fuawmh tcsKdU owdjyKyg/ # u rsm;pGm[k t"dyÜm,f&
udk &nfnTef;onf/ Subclass onf attributes ES i f h methods rsm;rS m onf/ xdek nf;wlpmG account wpfcpk u D kd
superclass rS attributes ESifh behavi- accounts trsKd;tpm;ESpfckpvHk;twGuf customer wpfOD;uom ykdifqkdifEkdifyg
our rsm; qufcH&&Sdonf/ xdkYaMumifh bHkjzpfjyD; tjcm; attributes ESifh me- onf/
CheckingAccount onf Account thods rsm;uawmh r[kwfyg/ yHk (6) rSm Rocky Mountain
xHrS methods ESpfcktaygif; attributes Customer class ESifh Account Outfitter twG u f class diagram
rsm; tm;vHk; qufcH&&Sdonf/ xdkYtwlyJ class onf qufE, T rf &I EdS idk o
f nf/ Cus- jzpfygonf/
SavingsAccount onfvnf; wlnD tomer wpfO;D csi;f pDonf account okn

140 uGefysLwm*sme,f
Website Index

toxel.com http://veerle.duoh.com
toxel [m design eJY inspiration Illustrator eJY photoshop wdkYudk
udk tajccHjyD; wnfaqmufxm;wJh blog aygif;pyfjyD; vSyacwfrDwJh 'DZdkif;awG
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w,f/ Oyrmtm;jzifh Amazing Food icon vkyfenf;? Photoshop brushes
Art rSm qd& k if pm;zG,af omufz,
G &f mawG awGukd udik w
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Jpgmag [m "mwfyHk format wpf
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admin awGeJY awGUqHkjyD; udk,fodvdkwJh
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ar;jref;Edkifygw,f/

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WEBSITE INDEX

http://www.core77.com http://www.crazyleafdesign.com/
Design r*¾Zif; &if;jrpfwpfck jzpf blog/
ygw,f/ Books, photos, pojzifh zabox.net &JU taxmuftyHheJY
acgif;pOfeJY u@awG cGJjcm;xm;jyD; wnfaqmufxm;wJh design pmrsufESm
taumif;qHk;ae&muawmh Design eJY wpfck jzpfygw,f/ Design eJY social
graphics ydi k ;f qkid &f mudk tvkyf &SmazGay; media bufjcrf;udk OD;pm;ay;jyD; vec-
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wum 'DZikd ;f ynm&Siaf wGeYJ &ifaygifwef;
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u@rS m qd k & if photo retouching,
photo bluring awGudk wpfqihfcsif;
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Website wpfcu k kd taumif;qH;k zGUJ pnf;
wnfaqmufvdkolawG tm;udk;tm;xm;
jyKEdkifwJh ae&mwpfckyg/

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http://www.outlawdesignblog.com &Sif;vif; oyf&yfwJh 'DZdkif;av;awGudk
Digital painting b,fvakd &;jc,f wnfaqmuf jyKjyifenf;awG oifMum;
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f hJ theme awGeYJ logo awGuv kd nf;
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form eJY font awGtjyif archive 2008
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awGudk azmfjyxm;ygw,f/

142 uGefysLwm*sme,f
http://www.justcreativedesign .com
Designer orm;wdkif; &SdoihfwJh
font trsKd;tpm; 33 rsKd;? designer
awG rodrjzpf 0ufbfpmrsufESm 44 rsKd;?
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eJY wjcm; tzdk;wef aqmif;yg;awG
trsm;tjym; yg0ifjyD; 'Layers Maga- xm;wJh *&yfzpf'DZdkif;yHkpHav;awG yg0if
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sue udk 'trial' taeeJY user awGtwGuf sign 0goem&SifawGtwGuf &Sif;vif;
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csuf? 2008 &JU taumif;qHk; Illustra-
tor oifcef;pmawGtaMumif;? wjcm;
pmrsufESmawGrSm tcaMu;aiGeJY ay;0,f http://www.milienzo.com
,l&wJh oifcef;pmawG? illustrator CS3 3D design, Audio eJY music,
udk wpfvtwGif; oif,ljcif;pwJh vec- miscella neous art eJY design pwm
tor ydkif;qdkif&m enf;ynm&yfawGudk &&Sd awGudk design u@taeeJY wif&Sday;
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wpfck jzpfygw,f/ &Sif;vif;oyf&yfwJh
http://www.positivespaceblog.com tqiftjyifeJY taumif;qHk; resource
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pography eJY idea taMumif;pojzifh
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tEkynmudk ½l;oGyfaewJh cHpm;csufeJY
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tane design [m urÇmhtaumif;qHk; Webdesign eJ Y aps;uG u f y d k i f ;
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azazmf0g&?D 2009 143


WEBSITE INDEX

tar&duefor®wopfjzpfwJh tdkbm;rm;
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signer orm;awG? rvGJraoG awGUMuHK&
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awGudk oifMum;jyoay;ygw,f/

signers awGtwGuf vrf;ñTefcsufawG


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net/blog/ orm;awG&JU tvdktyfqHk; web appli-
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144 uGefysLwm*sme,f
Photoshop Tutorial

Photoshop Tutorial
uGJaMupmom; zefwD;jcif;

tqifh (1)
Ctrl +N Document topf ac:wJhtcg
Width u 8, Height u 4 (inches), Resolut-
tpdwpf w
d f ion udk 300 pixels/ inch xm;yg/ Background

tjrmT jrmT teufa&mifjznfhxm;yg/

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emrnfausmf Type tool (T) udk,l/ Font u Times
New Roman t&G,fu 96 pt ta&mifu tjzL
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a&mif xm;jyD; SHATTER [k ½dkufoGif;yg/
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ay:ygw,f/
Layers palette u Add a layer style
button rSmESdyfjyD; layer effect wifr,f/ Drop
Shadow setting awGu yHkygtwkdif;/

azazmf0g&D? 2009 145


Photoshop Tutorial

tqifh (4)

Background layer udk rsufpdrSdwfyg/ Shatter layer


udk ouf0ifaeygap/ Ctrl + A (Select > All) udk a&G;yg/ tqifh (6)
Edit > Copy Merged udk oGm;yg/ aemuf Edit > Paste udk
a&G;yg/ Layer topftaeeJY ay:vmr,f/ rlv Shatter atmufykdif;udkvnf; xdkenf;vnf;aumif; jyKvkyfyg/ uGJ
Layer udk rsufpdrSdwfyg/ aMuaeaom pmom;[m layer oHk;cktay: cGí &Sdaer,f/

tqifh (5)

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aemuf ae&mcsyg/ jcif; tqifhygyJ/

146 uGefysLwm*sme,f
Photoshop Tutorial

tqifh (8)

Layer topf vkyfjyD; Radial Blur [k trnfay;yg/


pmom;tv,frSm Lasso tool eJY ywfvnf 0kdif;a&G;yg/ Filter
> Render > Cloud odYkomG ;yg/ Select > Desect jzifh jzKwfyg/
aemuf Rectangular Marquee tool eJY MuD;MuD; iHkrdatmif
a&G;yg/ Filter > Sharpen > Unsharp Masks odkY oGm;yg/

tqifh (9)
Layers palette tuGuu f Layer 1, 2, 3 wdYk &UJ thumb-
nail tuGufawGtay:rSm Ctrl + Shift ESdyfxm;&if; aMuuGJ
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New Layer button udk ESdyfjyD; Layer topfac:yg/ Layer
4 taeeJY wufr,f/ aemuf Edit > Fill udk oGm;jyD; Content

azazmf0g&D? 2009 147


Photoshop Tutorial
- Use tuGur f mS color udk a&G;yg/ C: 19, M: 15, Y: 16 xm;
yg/ OK ESdyfyg/ Deselect jzKwfyg/ tqifh (12)
Radial Blur layer ouf0ifaeygap/ Layer style ac:jyD;
tqifh (10) Gradient Overlay rSm atmufyg setting rsm;xm;yg/

xdk layer 4 tay:rSm Rectangular Marquee tool eJY


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tqifh (13)
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Shift ESdyfxm;&if; Layer thumbnail uGufawGtay: uvpf
ESdyfyg/ Layers palette u new layer button tay: uvpf
ESdyf ac:yg/ Layer 4 xGufvmr,f/ Edit > Fill rS Black
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layer button udk Alt + uvpfESdyfjyD; Hue/Saturation udk
a&G;yg/ (Use Previous Layer to Create Clipping Mask tqifh (14)
udk check trSwfay;cJhyg/ Colorize Check trSwfay;yg/)
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atmufu pmom; xyfrH ½dkufxnfhae&mcsyg/ ¤if;udk
vnf; stroke uGyfEkdifygw,f/

148 uGefysLwm*sme,f
IT Tutorial

Downloading #Dum
tykdif; (3)
pD'aD y:ukd music rsm; ul;xnfjh cif;

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toHk;cswmyJjzpfw,f/

azazmf0g&D ?2009 149


IT Tutorial

Windows Media Player udk toH;k csjy;D ul;xnfjh cif;

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5/ pkaqmif;jyKpxk m;wJh files awGukd pD'qD u D kd ul;xnfzh Ykd


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tpOfwus ay:vmygvrd rhf ,f/

150 uGefysLwm*sme,f
IT Tutorial

iTunes udk toH;k csjy;D ul;xnfjh cif;

1/ iTunes ukd zGifh,ljyD; pD'DtvGwfwpfcsyfudk uGefysLwmxJu 2/ pD'x


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azazmf0g&D ?2009 151


IT Tutorial
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oHMum;jyuGut f pDtpOfawGukd Munfrh vm;/ MunfEh idk w f t hJ qifh w,f/ om;a&eJYcsKyfxm;wJh tpGyaf wG&o dS vdk t0wfeYJ csKyfxm;
awGtxd wpfqifjh yD;wpfqifw h ufvmjyD; ajymif;a&TUvmcJw h ,f/ wJh tdwfpGyfawGtrsKd;rsKd; 0,f,l&Ekdifygw,f/ 'gaMumifh
aps;uGufxJrSm player awG rsKd;pHk&Sdaeygw,f/ 'gaMumifh player opfwpfcu k kd p0,fuwnf;u tpGyjf zpfjzpf? tdwjf zpf
b,f[mudk a&G;cs,0f ,f,&l rvJqw kd mawmif pdw½f yI af xG;p&m jzpf wpfygwnf; 0,f,lwyfqiftoHk;jyKwm taumif;qHk;
jzpfaeapw,f/ woD;wjcm;aps;uGufukd OD;aqmifaewmawG jzpfygw,f/
&So
d vdk aps;uGuOf ;D aqmifrjI yKwJh clones awGvnf; &Syd gw,f/
Apple &JU iPod u aps;uGuw f pfcuk kd vTr;f rd;k xm;Ekid jf yD; pwdik f
usw,f? yg0gaumif;w,fvdkYajymEkdifayr,fh xkdufxkdufwef Digital music player wpfck 0,f,t l oH;k jyKawmhr,fvYkd
wef ,SOfjydKifEkdifwJh players awG awmfawmfrsm;rsm;&SdvmjyD; qHk;jzwfcJh&if yxrqHk;ar;cGef;wpfckudk ukd,fbmomudk,f jyef
jzpfw,f/ ar;&ygvdrfhr,f/ b,fvdktaetxm;eJY toHk;jyKcsifwmvJ
qdkwmyJjzpfw,f/ aocsmwmuawmh aw;*DwoDcsif;awG em;
Player wpfcu k kd b,fvakd &G;rSmvJ/ axmifvdkw,f/ 'gayr,fh b,favmufyrmPudk toHk;jyKcsif
toHt&nftaoG;eJY a&G;r,fqdk&ifawmh Za0Z0gjzpfp&m wmvnf;qdkwm yxrqHk; pOf;pm;twnfjyK&r,f/ oDcsif;
&SdEkdifygvdrfhr,f/ bmjzpfvdkYvJqdkawmh toHt&nftaoG;u em;axmif½Hkoufoufqdk&if 10 GB avmuftxd rsm;rsm;pm;
wpfckeJYwpfck odyfruGmjcm;vSMuyJ tm;vHk;avmufeD;eD; pm; 0ifqrhH yI rmP rvdt k yfay/ "mwfyakH wGxnfx h m;jyD; Munfh
aumif;rGeMf uygw,f/ bmjzpfvYkd vq J akd wmh 'pf*spfw,fjrL;Zpf csifao;vm;? oGm;oGm;vmvmvkyf&if; AD'D,dkawGMunfhzdkY pdwf
awG jzpfaeMuvdkYygyJ/ wpfcsdefwnf;rSm xGufay:vmjyD; aps; ul;&Sdovm;/ 'Dvdkqdk&ifawmh oDcsif;em;axmif½Hkoufouf
uGu, f OS jf ydKifrv
I yk af eMuwJh players awG&UJ txl;uGmjcm;csuf xufydkjyD; 0ifqHhwJhyrmPudk vsmxm;qHk;jzwf&ygvdrfhr,f/
uawmh aps;EIef;awGeJY feature awGyJjzpfw,f/ bufx&D 'gaMumifh player wpfcu k kd r0,f,rl D taotcsm pOf;pm;p&m
awG wpfyHkwpfyif&SdaeEkdifw,f/
wu,fvYkd rdrrd mS Apple Macintosh uGeyf sLwm&Sad e&if
o wd xm; awmh iPod udkyJ oHk;oifhw,fvdkY tvG,fwul qHk;jzwfEkdifyg
Portable players wkdif;u bufx&DvJvS,foHk;&wJh yHkpHawG vdrfhr,f/ 'D players awGu Apple uGefysLwmawGeJY tvG,f
csnf; r[kwfEkdifay/ 'Dudpt ö wGuf tausmfMum;qHk;uawmh wul csdwfquftoHk;jyKEkdifw,f/ File formats awGutp
iPod jzpfw,f/ wu,fvdkYbufx&Draumif;awmhbl;qdk&if bmjyóemrS r&SdEkdifay/
Apple udk jyefydkYjyD; tcaMu;aiGay;um vJvS,fwyfqif,l& 'gayr,fh rdrdrSm yDpDuGefysLwmvnf;oHk;aew,f/
w,f/ tGefvkdif;uae jrL;ZpfawGvnf; 0,f,ltoHk;jyK&r,fhtajc

152 uGefysLwm*sme,f
IT Tutorial

capacity songs or photos or hours of videos*

1Gb 240 452 2.5

2Gb 500 950 5

4Gb 1,000 1,700 10

5Gb 1,250 2,125 12.5

10Gb 2,500 4,250 25

20Gb 5,000 8,500 50

30Gb 10,000 12,500 75

60Gb 20,000 25,000 150

taeqdk&ifawmh enf;enf;pOf;pm;&cufEkdifw,f/ t"du prf; Munfh yg/


jyóemu iPod u online music stores awGu wkduf½kduf
0,f,lEkdifwmjzpfw,f/ Music player awmfawmfrsm;rsm;u portable hard
tJ'DvdkyJ wjcm; online stores awGu files trsm;pkudk drives awGxuf ESpq
f avmufvnf; &SEd idk w
f ,f/ 'gaMumifh
0,f,ltoHk;jyKr,fqdk&if non-copy-protected MP3 files files awG? documents awGeJY y½dk*&rfawGudk wpfae&m
r[kwfbJ iPod rSm em;axmifEkdifrSmr[kwfay/ 'DvdkyHkpHrsKd;eJY uae wpfae&mudk ul;ajymif;o,f,lzdkY odkrSD;ud&d,m
stores wcsKdUom a&mif;csaewmjzpfw,f/ 'gaMumifh t"du taeeJYvnf; toHk;jyKEkdifygvdrfhr,f/
tcsufu iPod qdk&if iTunes player eJY tokH;jyK&rSmjzpf
w,f/
'gayr,fh MuD;us,fvSwJh jyóemawGawmhr[kwfay/ yrmPudk GB (gigabytes) eJY wkid ;f xGmazmfjyavh&w dS ,f/ 1GB
iPod eJY iTunes uawmh wGz J uftnDq;kH jzpfaew,f/ wu,f qd&k if aw;*DwoDcsi;f aygif; 240 avmuf 0ifqw hH ,f/ Player
vdYk yDpu
D eG yf sLwmoH;k aewJo
h ql &kd if aps;EIe;f oufoufomomeJY awGxrJ mS 1GB uae 60 GB txd trsK;d rsK;d &SEd idk w f ,f/ 0ifqrHh I
&Ekdifr,fh online music stores awGudk odxm;&ygvdrfhr,f/ yrmPb,favmufukd t"duxm;0,fzYkd pOf;pm;&rvJqw kd mudk
wpfckxl;jcm;wmuawmh iPod r[kwfwJh player wkdif;u atmufygZ,m;udkMunfhjcif;tm;jzifh ykdifykdifEkdifEkdif qHk;jzwfEkdif
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qufvufazmfjyay;ygO;D r,f/
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rSm odkrSD;odrf;qnf;xm;EkdifwJh tiftm; b,favmuf&SdovJ 12345678901234
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qdkwm pOf;pm;zdkY ta&;MuD;qHk;jzpfw,f/ 0ifqHhrIyrmPrsm; 12345678901234
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avav aw;*DwoDcsif;awG? "mwfyakH wG? AD',D akd wG ydjk yD; odrk ;DS 12345678901234
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tavsmuf wefzdk;vnf; ydkMuD;Ekdifygw,f/
'DaeYacwf portable music player trsm;pk&JU odkrSD;

azazmf0g&D ?2009 153


IT Tutorial

Creating Semitransparent Text

,ckvoifcef;pmwGif pmom;rsm;&JU Effect ESifh Animation 3/ Layer > Layer Style> Bevel and Emboss udak &G;yg/
rsm;udk vkyaf qmif&rSmjzpfygw,f/ pmom; Effect rsm;xnf&h ef Layer Style dialog box usvmygu atmufazmfjyyg
Adobe Photoshop udk toHk;jyKoGm;rSmjzpfjyD; vIyf&Sm;rIudk wefzdk;rsm;udk a&G;ay;yg/
premiere xJwGif vkyfaqmif&rSm jzpfygw,f/ Style : Inner Bevel
1/ Adobe photoshop xJoYkd0ifyg/ File > New udak &G;yg/ Glass Contour: Half Round
Width = 720, height = 480 , Color Mode = RGB/ Technique: Chisel Soft
Background Contents = Transparent ukda&G;í OK File > Save udka&G;í Adobe trnfjzifh odrf;ay;yg/
wGif click ESdyfyg/ Photoshop xJrS jyefxGufay;yg/

4/ Adobe premiere pro 2 xJodkY0ifí New project


topfwpfc, k al y;yg/ Video file ESihf pmom;udk ta&mif
azsmhí jrif&atmif vkyfaqmifMunfhygr,f/ File > Im
port jzifh Adobe .psd file udk ac:xnfhay;yg/ Dialog
box usvmygu Merged layer udk a&G;ay;yg/

5/ ta&mifazsm&h eftwGuf Color Matte udk toH;k jyKygr,f/


File > New > Color Matte udka&G;yg/ Color Picker
2/ Tools panel xJrS Text tool udak &G;í "Adobe" pmom; dialog box wGif rD;cd;k a&mif ( R: 121, G: 121, B: 121 )
½dkufxnfhay;yg/ Foreground color rSm teufESifh a&G;í OK jzifhxGufyg/ Choose Name wGif trnf
Background color rS tjzLa&mifjzpf&ygrnf/ Edit >
wpfck owfrSwfay;yg/
Free Transform udka&G;í screen tjynfhqGJ size MuD;
xm;ay;yg/

154 uGefysLwm*sme,f
IT Tutorial
6/ toHk;jyKvdkaom video file udk File> Import jzifh ac: Width : 720 px
xnfah y;yg/ Color Matte file udk video 3 track xJoYkd Color Mode : RGB
height : 480 px
qGJa&TUay;yg/ Adobe pmom;udk video 2 track ESifh Background contents: Transparent
aemufcH video file udk video 1 track xJoYkd qGaJ &TYay;yg/ Resolution: 72
Duration udk oifhawmfovdk toHk;jyKEkdifygw,f/

9/ Filter > 2manekenai > Mezzoforce snow udak &G;yg/


7/ Play button ESdyfí preview Munfhay;yg/ rD;cdk;a&mif vkdtyfaomwefzdk;rsm;udk twdk;tavQmhvkyfMunfhyg/
background udkyJ jrif&ygrnf/ Window > Effect Chaotic : 90
udka&G;yg/ Video Effects > keying > Screen key udk Snow Density : 50
Color Cut: 200
a&G;í video 3 track xJ&dS Grey file ay:odYk qGx J nfyh g/
File > Save ukad &G;í snow .psd trnfjzifh odr;f ay;yg/
Preview Munfhay;yg/ ta&mifxyfrSdefcsifygu color
Adobe photoshop xJrSxGufyg/
matte vkyx f m;aom file ay:wGif ESpcf suEf ydS í
f rD;cd;k a&mif
tazsmhudk a&G;MunfhEkdifygw,f/
10/ yxrtoHk;jyKxm;aom premiere project file udk
ydwfxm;vQif jyefzGifhxm;ay;yg/ File > New >
Sequence udka&G;yg/ trnfudk Star Title jzifhay;í
OK wGif click ESy
d yf g/ Timeline panel wGif sequence
topf &&Sdvmygvdrfhrnf/

11/ File > Import jzifh snow.psd file udk ac:xnfhay;yg/


aemufcH snow file udk vdiI ;f yHpk aH &GUvsm;rI jyKvkyv
f ykd gu
8/ pmom; effect vIyf&Sm;rIudk xyfrHjyKvkyfMunfhygr,f/
Effects > Distort > Wave warp effect udk snow.psd
aemufcH effect udk November vwGif toHk;jyKxm;
file ay:odkY qGJxnfhay;yg/ wefzdk;rsm; jyifqifvdkygu
aom snow effect udk toHk;jyKoGm;ygr,f/ Adobe
Effect Controls panel rS wave warp wGif jyifqif
photoshop xJodkY0ifyg/ File > New udka&G;yg/
Ekdifygw,f/ Preview Munfhay;yg/

azazmf0g&D ? 2009 155


IT Tutorial
15/ Project panel rS CJ Title file udk video 2 track xJoYkd
qGJxnfhay;yg/
Video Effects > Distort > Transform effect udk CJ
file ay:odYk qGx
J nfah y;yg/ Effect panel rS Transform
effect udk jzefYcsay;yg/

16/ Transform effect rS scale height ESifh scale width


a&SU&Sd keyframe button wGiEf ydS í
f keyframe rsm; xnfh
12/ Title topfwpfczk efw;D jyD; vIy&f mS ;rIjyKvkyMf unfyh gr,f/ ygr,f/ Timeline panel nmbufxdyfrS tcsdefae&m
File > New> Title udka&G;yg/ emrnfudk CJ vdkY ay;jyD;
wGifESdyfí 200 ½dkufxnfhyg/ Scale height ESifh Scale
OK wGifESdyfyg/ Title panel topfwpfck &&Sdvmygvdrfh
width nmbuf&dS Add /Remove keyframe wGiE f ydS í
f
rnf/ aemufcH background udk jrifcsifygu tay: keyframe xnfah y;yg/ txufygtwki d ;f 400 ½du
k x
f nfh
nmbuf bm;wef;rS show video wGif trSefjcpfxm; í keyframe xnfhyg/ aemufqHk; keyframe xnfh&ef
ay;yg/ End key ESdyfyg/ jyD;vQif left arrow ESdyfí keyframe
xnfhay;yg/
13/ Tools panel xJrS Type Tool udk a&G;í yHkygtwkdif; yxrqHk; keyframe wGif scale height : 200, scale
"Computer Journal" pmom;udk ½dkufxnfhay;yg/ width : 200
Font : Impact 'kwd, (2 puúefY) wGif scale height: 100,
Font size : 100
scale width : 100
Align: Center
wwd, (4 puúefY) wGif 'kwd, frame wefzdk;twkdif;
xnfhyg/
aemufqHk; keyframe wGif scale height: 0,
scale width : 0 pmom;vIyf&Sm;rIudk preview
Munfhay;yg/
File > Save jzifh project file udk odrf;ay;yg/

14/ Title properties panel rS strokes udk jzefYcsxm;ay;yg/


Outer Strokes &JU Add pmom;wGif Click ESy d yf g/ azmfjy
yg wefzdk;rsm;udk ½dkufxnfhay;yg/
Type : Edge
Size : 20
Fill Type : Solid
Color : R = 255, G = 255
Fill pmom;a&SUwGif&Sdaom trSefjcpfudk jzKwfay;yg/
File > Save udka&G;í Title panel rS jyefxGufay;yg/

rsK;d rif;xGe;f

156 uGefysLwm*sme,f
IP Address qdo
k nfrmS IP Address (IPV4) IP Version-4

uRefawmfonf tif Class A 0 Network Host


wmeufeJY uGef&ufvkyfief; 1 7 bit 24 bit
rsm;tay: pd w f 0 if p m;yg
w,f/ 'gayr,fh uRefawmf Class B 10 Network Host
wdkY e,frSm 'Dvdkoifwef;rsKd; 2 14 bit 16 bit
r&dSao;vdkY roifEdkifao;yg/
tck IP Address &J U
Class C 110 Network Host
t"dyÜm,fudk odcsifygw,f/ 3 21 bit 8 bit
jzpfEdkif&if uRefawmfwdkYvdk
tawGUtMuHK enf;wJhol em; atmifa&;ygr,f/ Internet awG qdkygawmh/ vdyfpm&Sif ygw,f/ tJ'D tydkif;av;
vnfEdkifavmufatmif &Sif; Protocol, IP Address odkY (uGefysLwm) udk Host vdkY ydkif;rSm uGef&uf&JU vdyfpm
vif; a&;jyay;apvdyk gw,f/ r[kwf Internet Address oHk;EIef;ygw,f/ (Address for the Net-
onf tifwmeufeJY uGef&uf uRefawmfwdkY&JU aetdrf work) eJY Host &JU vdyfpm
td k i f w D e nf ; ynm pepfudk oHk;aewJh uGefysLwm vdypf meJY rwlwt hJ csufu IP (Address for the Host) qdk
rsm;eJY ywfoufvdkY em;vnf wpf v H k ; &J U vd y f p mjzpf y g Address rsm;onf nume- jyD; xyfrH cGJjcm;ygw,f/ a&SU
vG , f a tmif &S i f ; jyzd k Y &m w,f/ wpfenf;tm;jzifh uGef ric address awG jzpfaewm ydkif;u Address for the
tcuftcJ &dSygw,f/ bmyJ &ufay:u uGefysLwmwdkif; yg/ ¤if;wGif bit udk tajccH Network eJ Y taemuf u
jzpfjzpf twwfEdkifqHk; &Sif; &JU rwlnDwJh udk,fydkifvdyfpm jyD; zGJUpnf;xm;ygw,f/ uGef Address for the Host vdkY
ysLwm toHk;tEIef;taeeJY rSwf,lEdkifygw,f/
(8 bit = 1 byte) qdw k mawmh tck uRefawmfwdkY oHk;ae
odjyD; jzpfygr,f/ IP Ad- wm IP Address (IPV4)
dress udk 8 bit pD tydi k ;f av; Version-4 jzpfygw,f/ ¤if;
ckydkif;jyD; 32 bit eJY zGJUpnf; wGif Class A, Class B,
ygw,f/ tydik ;f av;ydik ;f wpf Class C qdkjyD; trsKd;tpm;
ckeJY wpfcktMum;rSm deci- oHk;rsKd; cGJjcm;xm;ygw,f/
mal point eJY jcm;ygw,f/ vuf&dS Class C udk toHk;
tydik ;f wpfyikd ;f pDrmS jzpfEikd w
f hJ trsm;qHk; jzpfaevdkY Class
eHygwfawGu 0 to 255 jzpf A, Class B eJY (IPV6 vdk

azazmf0g&?D 2009 157


ygw,f/ tJ'Dtjyif Sub- 192.168.10.1
nets od k Y r [k w f Subnet- Subnet Mask:
mask qdw k m &dyS gao;w,f/ 255.255.255.0
tifwmeuf ay:vmjyD; odyf vdkY awGU&ygr,f/ ¤if;wGif
rMumrDbJ uGe&f ufawG wpfck oifhtaeeJY Subnet Mask
jyD; wpfckay:vmvdkufwm udk xnfhpOf;pm;&ef rvdkyg/
jrefveG ;f rsm;vGe;f vdYk ynm&Sif tb,faMumifhqdkaomf oifh
rsm; b,fvdkrS rxifrSwf uGef&ufonf tajccHtus
atmif jzpfcJhygw,f/ qdkvdk qH k ; IP Address jzpf a e
wmu Network Address/ aumif; jzpfaeygvdrfhr,f/
IP Address awG rsm;vm Start/Run rSm cmd ½dkufjyD;
vdkufwm vdyfpm owfrSwf Command Prompt ay:vm
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&ygr,f / enf ; enf ; awmh istrator u owf r S w f a y; mask onf 255.255.255.0 ay;xm;ygw,f/ uRefawmf
acgif;½IyfvmjyD xifygw,f/ xm;wJh eHygwfrsm; jzpfyg jzpfygw,f/ oifonf uGef wdkY owdrxm;rdvdkYyg/ wpf
'Dawmh uRefawmfwdkY oHk; r,f / tif w meuf r S m IP &uf csdwfxm;ol jzpfygu enf;tm;jzifh DNS (Do-
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ae 192.168.255 .255 txd
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networks) twGuf ay;xm;
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qdk&mrSm tdrf? ausmif;? ½Hk;?
ukrÜPD? pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;?

158 uGefysLwm*sme,f
aMumif;udk t&if½dkufyg/ jyD; tool ygvmygw,f/ Excel
&if Alt+Enter uD;cvkwu f kd 2003 rSm rygvdkY 'Dvdkwm;
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174 uGefysLwm*sme,f
Java Developer Guide

Chapter (7)
7.5 FINDING INFORMATION ABOUT A FONT

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method xJrSmawmh arguments [m single argument tae vmMunfhyg/

Table 7.1 Font Metircs Methods


Method Name Action
stringWidth (string) Given a String, returns the full width of that string in pixels
charWidth(char) Given a character, returns the width of that character
getHeight() Returns the total height of the font

Listing 7.4 Using the Font and FontMatrics 11. Container content = getContentPane();
Class 12. content.add (SL);
1 . import java.awt.*; 13. setVisible (true);
2 . import java.awt.event.*; 14. }
3 . import javax.swing.*; 15.
4. 16. public static void main (String [ ]
5 . public class Solong extends JFrame {
arguments) {
6 . public SoLong( ){
7 . super ("Finding Information About a 17. SoLong Frame = new SoLong ( ) ;
Font"); 18. }
8 . setSize (425, 150); 19.
9 . setDefaultCloseOperation (JFrame.EXIT 20. }
_ON_CLOSE); 21.
10. SoLongPane SL= new SoLongPane ( ) ; 22. Class SoLongPane extends JPaneL {

azazmf0g&D? 2009 175


Java Developer Guide
23. public void paintComponent ( Graphics oH;k vdYk &Ekid jf yDayghaemf/ 'g[m JFrame Class udk extends
comp){
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Font.BOLD, 18);
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tv,frmS yJ azmfjyay;aeygvdrrhf ,f/ jyD;&ifawmh JFrame_ bmaMumifv
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178 uGefysLwm*sme,f
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