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uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

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ajymif;wmrsKd;jzpfjzpf a&SmifMuOfoifhyg w,f/ 'Dudpöu solidstate cache 'DZkdif; twGuf qdkvdkjcif;r[kwfygbl;/ Hrad disk toHk;jyKolrsm;twGufom jzpfyg w,f/ 'Dvdk shuffle feature oHk;jcif;eJY play list udk oH;jcif;jzifh tqdyg tvky½yf k k f I rIvnf; oufomoGm;apEkdifygw,f/ OD;aomif;0if; (yef;cs,&) fD
[Ref: PC Pro March 2009]

csecevQm cs,jl cif; dfGf Bit-rate jrifhrm;wJh MP3 file eJY audio formats rvGwfwJh toHawGu bog-standard 128 K files awGxuf aumif;w,f/ 'gayr,fh tJ'DtwGuf cache qDudk ydkY&wJhpGrf;tif ydkvdkw,f? solid-state cache xJrSm file ydkMuD;wm udk xdxda&mufa&muf xnfhoGif;zdkY cufcJ ovdk hard disk drive ay:rSmqdkvnf; ydkjyD; tvkyfvkyf&w,f/ oGm;&if;vm&if; 50 uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

uGefysLwm*sme,f
trSwf 197 (c)? yxrxyf? 33 vrf; (txufbavmuf)? ausmufwHwm;ûrdUe,f? &efukef/ zke;f - 387305/

New Product

NEW PRODUCT
Canon PowerShot SX10IS
tawmfav;aumif;wJh digital single lens reflex uifr&m trsKd;tpm;jzpfygw,f/ txifMuD;p&m aumif;avmufwJh 20 d x optical zoom lens ygjyD; 10 megapixel t&nftaoG; &Sw,f/ 28 mm- 560 mm eJY nDrQwJhtwGuf professional orm;awG tMudKuf yHkpHjzpfw,f/ ½dkufuGif;½dkufcsuf ppfaq;zdkY 2 'or 5 vufr t&G,ftpm;&SdwJh LCD display ygw,f/ LCD yHkpHu vnf; swiveling vkyfEkdifw,f/ VGA resolution eJY AD',awG D kd ½dkuful;&,lEkdifw,f/ 'gayr,fh HD t&nftaoG;&SdwJh AD'D,dk awmh r[kwfbl;/ Stabilization u ta0;qHk; zoom txd xdef;csKyfay;EkdifpGrf;&Sdw,f/ ISO setting tjrifhqHk;txd cGifhjyK ay;xm;w,f/ "mwfyHkudk tjref½dkuf ul;&mrSm 1 'or 6 puúefY twGif; ½dkufEkdifzdkY tqifoifh jzpfaeapw,f/ wpfpuúefYrSm 1 'or 4 yHk ½dkufEkdifw,f/ owfrSwf a&mif;aps;u 590 a':vm jzpfw,f/

Oakley Split Thump MP3 sunglass
MP3 em;axmifEiwhJ aeumrsufrejf zpfw,f/ pwdivnf; dk f S k f

tif r wef a umif ; w,f / aw;*D w oDcsif;awGudk xdef; csKyfay;wJhpepfawGu vnf; tifrwef aumif; w,f/ xGufvmwJh toHt&nftaoG;uvnf; qdkzG,f&m r&Sd avmufatmif aumif;w,f/ odkrSD;yrmP ESpfrsKd;eJY xkwfvkyf w,f/ 1GB twGuf 240 a':vmvdkY owfrSwfjyD; 2GB twGuf udk 350 a':vmvdkYowfrSwfa&mif;csw,f/ 2GB version udk tvGef aps;MuD;w,fvdkY qdkEkdifw,f/ oufaomifhoufomeJY ½dI; xkwfjyD; oDcsif;em;axmifcGifh&Ekdifr,fh player av;jzpfw,f/ rsufrSefukdif;u ywåmESpfcsufeJY pDrHxm;w,f/ MP3/M4A eJY DRM-encoded WMA file tygt0if format awmfawmfrsm; rsm;udk cGifhjyKxm;ay;w,f/ tm;wpfMudrf jznfhxm;&if wpfquf wnf; 7 em&DMum em;qifEiw,f/ uGeysLwmeJY qufo,aqmif dk f f G f &GufzdkY USB connection oHk;Ekdifw,f/

Casio Exilim EX-FH20
oGufoGufvufvuf jrefjref "mwfyHk½dkuf,lcsifw,fqdk&if awmh Casio Exilim EX-FH20 u taumif;qHk;jzpfaeyg vdrr,f/ 9.1 megapixel t&nftaoG;&Sjd yD; 20x optical zoom hf lens wyfxm;ay;w,f/ Zoom tm;MuD;rm;vSayr,fh non-SLR uifr&mtrsKd;tpm; jzpfw,f/ Stay image awGukd wpfpuúeYf rm S tuGuf 40 txd ½dkufxnfhEkdifwJhEIef;xm;jzpfjyD; ½kyf&Sif AD'D,dk twGuf 1000 fps EIef;xm;eJY ½dkuful; &,lEkdifw,f/ Manual setting awGudk aumif;aumif; vkyf,lvdkY&w,f/ ISO setting tjrif h q H k ; txd a wmh ay;rxm;bl;/ Casio u xk w f c J h j yD ; wJ h EX- F1 avmuf aps;EIef;rMuD;bl;/ a':vm 900 eJY owfrSwf a&mif;cs cJhw,f/

Creative Sound Blaster
iTunes uwpfqifh music awGukd cHpm; em;qifr,foawG h l twGuf creative u xkwfvkyfay;vkdufwJh Sound Blaster jzpfw,f/ aw;*DwoDcsif;awGudk MudK;rJhpepfeJY stream vkyfaprSm jzpfw,f/ iTunes uvmwJh oDcsif;awG&JU t&nftaoG;udk tjynfht0xdef;ay;zdkY sound card wpfcktaeeJY vkyfukdifaqmif &Gufay;w,f/ uGefysLwmxJu b,fvdky½dk*&rfeJY oGif;xm;wJh music jzpfygap toHt&nftaoG; ydkaumif;atmif vkyf ay;Ekdifw,f/ uGefysLwmrSm USB dongle taeeJY wyf xm;jyD; vkuavsmnDaxGjzpfwhJ speaker awGqukd jzpfjzpf? d f D receiver wpfckqDudk jzpfjzpf toHt&nftaoG; jr§ifhwif jyD; ydkYvTwfay;rSm jzpfw,f/ Creative Sound Blaster

udk 99 a':vmeJY a&mif;csyg w,f/

52

uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

New Product

Acer S1200
Projector eJY armfeDwmu xkwfvkyfrIrSm emrnf& vmwJh Acer ukrÜPDu omref playback awGxuf ydkjyD; awmufy MunfvifwJh tvif;a&mifeJY xdk;jyEkdifr,fh digital video projector udk aps;uGuf,SOfjydKifzdkY xkwfvkyfcJhw,f/ Color Boost II technology udk toHk;jyKxm;wJhtwGuf intensity ydk&oGm; apw,f/ Acer S1200 taeeJY 82 vufr t&G,ftpm;&SdwJh display txd aumif;rGefpGm xdk;jyay;Ekdifw,f/ Brightness rating u 25000 Ansi Lumens &SdjyD; Contrast ratio u 2000 : 1 &Sdw,f/ Displays images awG&JU t&nftaoG;udk (1680 x1050) resolution txd wifay; Ekdifw,f/ HD content protection (HDCP) file udk yHy; h kd

Kodak ESP9
450 a':vmeJY a&mif;cswm jzpfwJhtwGuf ueOD; &if;ESD;aiG rsm;aeaprSm jzpfay r,fh tvHk;pHk ukefus p&dwfrSm tvGef ouf omapEk d i f y gw,f / tao;pm;vkyief;av; f awGeYJ SOHO vkyief; f oHk;tjzpf txl;oifh awmfw,f/ 3 vufr t&G , f t pm; LCD av; wyfxm;ay;w,f/ "mwfyHkawG xkwfvkyfay;wJhtcg t&nf taoG; tvGefaumif;wJh "mwfyHkawGudk xkwfay;Ekdifw,f/ Duplexer vnf; built-in wyfqifxm;ay;w,f/ Text awGtwGuf vnf; taumif;qk;taetxm;eJY&Ekiw,f/ ay;xm;wJh menus H d f uvnf; toHk;jyK&wm tvGef vG,fulapygw,f/ yHkxkwfay;wJh EIef;xm;uawmh aES;aumif; aES;aerSm jzpfw,f/ Tray ESpfck f ygw,f/ wpfcu A4 t&G,tpm; puúL 100 'grSr[kwf "mwfykH k puúL 40 xnfhxm;EkdifjyD; aemufwpfcku 5 _7 vufr "mwfyHk puúL t&Guf 40 xnfhxm;Ekdifw,f/

aqmif&uay;wJtwGuf G f h
digital rights management-proted video awGudk decode vkyfjyD;

jyoay;Ekdifapw,f/

HP LP 2275 W
22 vufr t&G,ftpm; (1680 x 1050) &SdwJh armfeDwmjzpf jyD; response time u 16 ms &SdwJh twGuf entertainment twGuf oHk;r,fqdk&ifawmh pdwfwkdif;us jzpf rvmEkdifbl;/ 'gayr,fh 'DZkdif;em awG? workstation power toHk;jyK olawG twGufuawmh txl; aumif;rGefw,fvdkYajymEkdifwJh armfeD wm jzpfw,f/ LP2275w rSm PVA (Patterned Vertical Alignment) udk toH;jyKxm;wJtwGuf screen ay:u pmawGukd MumMumzwf k h ae&ayr,fh rsufpdanmif;nmrI uif;&Sif;ovdk wdusjywfom;wJh pmvH;awGeYJ jrifawGYEiw,f/ ta&mifawGuvnf; jywfom;wmrdYk k dk f wjcm; armfeDwmawGxuf wduswJhyHk&dyfawGudk awGYcGifh&EkdifrSm jzpfw,f/ VGA/DVI eJY Display ports awG ygvmjyD; rubber flaps av;eJY rjrifom atmifywxm;ay;w,f/ d f owfrSwf a&mif;aps;u 399 a':vmjzpf w J h twGuf aps;MuD;w,f vdkY xif&w,f/

Vuzix iWear AV 310
Widescreen eJYMunfh½IEkdifr,fh AD'D,dkMunfhrsufrSef wpfrsKd; jzpfw,f/ iPod screen av;eJY Munfh&wm tm;rvdktm;r&

jzpf&olawGtwGuf ½kyfyHkt&nftaoG;aumif;aumif;eJY MunfhEkdif ovdk ab;vltaESmifht,Suf rjzpfapbJ wpfukd,fwnf; ½kyf&Sif awGudk cHpm;Munfh½IEkdifrSm jzpfw,f/ toHtwGuf em;MuyfeJY em;axmifEkdifw,f/ Highdefinition qdkwm xuf 3D stereoscopic video awG u d k ½I p m;Ek d i f w,f/ Contro-box udk video source eJY rsufEm S tMum; xm;&S d w ,f / toH k ; jyK&r,f h yg0g twGuf AA bufx&Dudk oHk;& w,f/ tm;enf;csufwpfckuawmh rsufESm a&SUrSm jrifuGif;ay:EkdifapzdkY rsufrSefvdkY wyfqif toHk;jyK&wJh tjyif omrefrsufrSefxuf tav;csdef&SdwmaMumifh oufaomifh oufomawmh r&SdvSbl;/ owfrSwfa&mif;aps;u 310 a':vm jzpfw,f/

2009 ar ?uGeysLwm*sme,f f

53

New Product

BeBook
Electrophonetic (aka E-Ink) wpfrsKd;udk toHk;jyKxm;wJh e-book reader wpfck jzpfw,f/ Back light vHk;0rygay/ Text eJY image awGukd cloured dye eJY wifjyay;w,f/ Sony Reader eJY Amazon kindle wdkYudk ,SOfjyD; open-source free book aps;uGufqDudk OD;wnf xkwfvkyfvmwmjzpfw,f/ PDF uae RTF txd formats us,fus,fjyefYjyefY cGifhjyKxm;ay;w,f/ Image formats twGuvnf; trsKd;tpm; pHoavmuf toH;jyK f k k Ekiw,f/ 512 MB internal memory xnfay;xm;jyD; SD card d f h awGuvnf; xnfo;cGijhf yKxm;w,f/ Lithiumion battery wyf kd h kH

NEC NP61
tvdktavsmuf aqmif&GufrIpepftwGuf tjynfht0 yHhydk; ay;xm;w,f/ owfrSwf a&mif;cswJhaps;u 1299 a':vmjzpfwJh twGuf aps;EIef;csKdomw,fvdkYawmh rajymEkdifygbl;/ 'gayr,fh native resolution XGA (1024 x 768) &jyD; 3 'or 5 aygif om av;wJtwGuf tvG,wul o,f,om;Ekiw,f/ toH;jyK h f l G d f k wJhtcsdef ylaEG;rI&SdjyD; ydwfvkduf&if csufcsif;qdkovdk tat;cHjyD; jzpfoGm;w,f/ 4 'or 8 ayuae 44 ay tuGmta0;txd xdk;jyEkdifjyD; 33 vufruae 300 vufrtxd yHk&dyfudk yDyDoo eJY xkwfvTwfay;Ekdifygw,f/ DLP (digital light processing) u 1600 : 1 &SdwJh contrast ratio eJYtwl 3000 lumens rate eJY xkwfay;w,f/ Set up vkyf&mrSmvnf; vG,fulw,f/ toH tenf;i,fxujf yD; pyDumtm;enf;wmudyJ qdz,&m&Sygw,f/ G k k G f d

qifxm;wm jzpfw,f/ wpfMudrftm;oGif;xm;ygu pmrsufESm aygif; 7500 avmuftxd zwf½IEkdifr,fvdkY nTef;qdkxm;w,f/ owfrSwf a&mif;aps; u 345 a':vm jzpfw,f/

HP Scanjet N6310 Scanner
ADF yg&SdwJh flexible scanner jzpfw,f/ pGrf;aqmif&nf

View Sonic VX 2260 wm
22 vufr t&G,ftpm;&SdjyD; HD (1920 x 1080) resolution tjynfh &&SdEkdifw,f/ abmifu tvGefao;i,fjyD; jrifuGif; tus,f 21 'or 5 vufrtxd cGifhjyKxm;ay;wJh armfeDwm jzpfw,f/ tav;csdeftm;jzifh 9 'or 1 aygifom av;w,f/ owfrSwfa&mif;aps;u 269 a':vmjzpfwJhtwGuf tvGef aps; oufomw,fvdkY qdkEkdifw,f/ HDMI port vnf; yg&Sdw,f/ USB port awmh ryg&Sdygbl;/ tvGefao;i,fwJh 1 'or 5 0yf pyDumav;wpfpHk wyfqifxm;ay;w,f/ HDTV taeeJY oH;Ekiovdk gaming screen taeeJYvnf; rSw,Eiw,f/ 2ms k d f f l dk f response time &S d w ,f / tvif ; tm;taeeJ Y 300 cd/m 3 ay;xm;w,f/ Grayscale performance uawmh ysr;rQ atmuf f rSmyJ &Sw,f/ Doom d 3 udk upm;MunfhwJh tcg tao;pdwf yHk awG x J u wcsKd U aysmufaewwfw,f/

jrefqefoGufvufjyD; tvGefaumif;wJhaqmhzf0JawGygvmw,f/ toHk;jyKolawG toHk;0ifvSovdk toHk;jyK&vnf; vG,fulyg w,f/ Business card utp A4 t&G,ftpm; documents awGtxd csKyfxm;wJh pmtkytygt0if 2400 x 2400 dpi 48 bit f k f d f G f d f device wpfctaeeJY pGr;aqmifay;Ekipr;&Sw,f/ t&G,tpm;u 502 _ 415 _ 162 rDvDrDwm&SdjyD; tav;csdefu 6 'or 7 uDvdkav;w,f/ ADF ygwJhtwGuf pm&Gufaygif; 50 avmuf xnfhxm;jyD; vkyfEkdifw,f/ 35 mm negatives jzpfjzpf? 35 mm slides awGjzpfjzpfxnfhjyD; scan vkyfEkdifapr,fh transparency adaptor wpfckvnf;ygw,f/ LCD screen av;u menu udk jyay;jyD ; Power/Scan/
Copy / separate Cancel eJY Setup

cvkwfrsm;udk toH;k jyK&w,f/ owfrwa&mif; S f aps;u 370 a':vm jzpfw,f/

54

uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

New Product

WD TV HD Media Player
Western Digital u xkwvyjf yD; 129 a':vmeJY a&mif;cscJh f k w,f/ WD TV HD Media Player u yDpDu digital content awGudk TV screen ay:udk tvG,fulqHk;enf;eJY jyoay;EkdifzdkY aqmif&Gufay;w,f/ 'DtwGuf cable MudK;awG ½Iyf½IyfaxG;axG; oHk;&wm wdkY? networking csdwf&wmwdkY vHk;0 uif;&Sif;oGm; apw,f/ 'D box av;udk HDMI connection uwpfqifh HDTV udk wkduf½dkufwyfqifwmjzpfjzpf? composite A/V cable u wpfqifh analog TV wpfv;udk wyfqifwmjzpfjzpf aqmif&ujf yD; kH G toH;csEiw,f/ HD (1080p) t&nftaoG;txd yHy;dk aqmif&uf k dk f h G ay;w,f / Media files trsKd;rsKd;udk

Amazon Kindle 2
udk ydkjyD; tqifhjrifhwJhyHkpHeJY xkwfvkyf zdkYyGJawmif;vmolawGtwGuf Amazon u kindle 2 udk rsKd;qufopf yHkpHjyKjyD;xkwfvkyfvkdufwmjzpfw,f/ rlv Kindle xuf ydkjyD; aumif;rGefwJh upgrade awGvnf; trSef wu,f ygvmygw,f/ ta&;MuD;qHk; item ESpfckjzpfwJh removable memory eJY tvSty 'DZi; dk f av;udk ryGef;atmif oyfoyf&yf &yf &SdvSwJh carrying case av; wdkYudk tav;xm;xnfhay;vkduf w,f/ Performance uvnf; ydkjyD; wdk;wuf aumif;rGefvm w,f / Internal memory udvnf; wd;ay;vkuao;w,f/ k k d f Built-in speakers awG vnf; ygvmw,f/ Feature topf pufpuftjzpf Text-to-Speech audio reading udk awGYjrif& w,f/
Kindle qdkwJh e-book reader

cGifhjyKxm;w,f qdkayr,fh wcsKdU format awG r S m awmh wpfcg wpf &H tcuftcJ &SdEkdif w,f/

Nokia N97
3 'or 5 vufrt&G,ftpm;&SdwJh touchscreen wyf qifxm;wJh smartphone jzpfjyD; avQmxkwfjyD; toHk;jyKEkdifwJh QWERTY keypad vnf; wyfqif yg&Svmw,f/ c&D;oGm;vm d a&;twGuf wpfae&mu wpfae&mudk nTefjyay;r,fh GPS sensor udk toHk;jyKEkdifwJhtjyif electronic compass vnf; yg w,f/ vufxdyfav;eJY wpfcsufwdkYvkdufwmeJY webmail awG? tD;ar;vfawGudk access vkyfEkdifwJhtjyif instant messages awGudkvnf; ay;ydkYvufcH,lEkdifygw,f/ Point and Find qm;ApfeJYvnf; wGJzufoHk;Ekdifw,f/ wu,fh uifr&mMuD;awGrSm toHk;jyKwJh Carl Zeiss Lens toHk;jyKxm;wJh 3MP uifr&m ygw,f/ Landmarks twGuf information udk &,lEiwtjyif dk f hJ Nokia Maps awGudkvnf; xnfhay;xm;yg ao;w,f/ HSDPA (high-speed downlink packet access) eJ Y Wi-Fi connection

Logear Wirless USB-to-VGA kit
MudK;rJhpepfoHk;um yHkazmfrsufESmjyifawGqDudk ydkYay;Ekdifr,fh yDpDuGefysLwmrSm USB qufoG,frIeJY wyf qifay;xm;jyD; armfeDwmqDrSm vufcH,lepfwpfckudk USB port rS wyfxm;toHk;jyK&w,f/ yDpDuxkwfay;wJh yHk&dyfawGudk external monitor 'grSr[kwf TV screen awGqDudk MudK;rJhpepfeJY wGJoHk;Ekdifovdk wireless keyboard eJYvnf; wGJoHk;Ekdifygao; w,f/ Setup vkyf&mrSmvnf; ½dk;½dk;vG,fvG,fyif jzpfw,f/ 'gayr,fh 'D kit av;u tjrifhqHk; resolution (1080 x1050) twGuom cGijhf yKxm;wmjzpfwtwGuf HD f hJ resolution 1080 p eJY wGJzufvkyfukdifrIrSm pdwwi;us jzpfEivrr,fr[kway/ Web f dk f dk f d hf f content awGtwGuf streaming vkyf&mrSm jyóemwpfpwpf&mrQ r&SEif kH d dk yg/ Kit wpfpHkukd 229 a':vmeJY a&mif;csyg w,f/
kit wpfckjzpfw,f/

udkvnf; toHk;jyKcGifh ay;xm;w,f/

56

uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

New Product

Canon A1100is Digital Camera
Canon A1100 is onf 4x Optical Zook eJY 12.1 Mega Pixels u yHkxGuft&nftaoG;udk aumif;apygw,f/ Smart Auto, Easy shooting modes awG yg0ifwJh Scene Detection Technology enf;ynmudk xnfhoGif;xm;jyD; response times

Creative Zen X-Fi
t&nftaoG;jrifh rD',mawGukd xkwvyay;EkiwhJ twGuf D f k f d f Creative wHqyujkd rifvuwmeJY t&nftaoG;aumif;wJh player df dk f awG jzpfvdrfhr,fqdkwmudk vlawmfawmfrsm;rsm; od&Sdxm;MujyD; jzpfw,f/ oHk;pGJolawGtwGuf 8GB/ 16 GB/ 32 GB qdkjyD; 0ifqHhrIyrmP oHk;rsKd;eJY xkwfvkyfay;w,f/ 2 'or 5 vufr t&G,f (320 x 240) screen av;yg&Sjd yD; speaker udvnf; builtk in wyfxm;ay;w,f/ FM radio tjzpf toHk;csvdkyguvnf; cGifhjyKxm;w,f/ em;MuyfeJY aw;*DwoDcsif;awGudk 25 em&DMum em;qifEkdifjyD; pyDumeJY wGJoHk;r,fqdk&if 15 em&DMumtoHk;jyKEkdif w,f/ wu,fvdkY AD'D,dk½kyf&SifawGMunfhr,fqdk&ifawmh 5 em&D MumyJ oH;Ekirmjzpfw,f/ MP3/ WMA/AAC/WAV/Audible k d f S books/WMV9/ MPEG4/DirX/XviD video eJY Jpeg formats awG cG i f h j yKxm; w,f/ Wireless LAN ud k v nf ; oH k ; Ek d i f w ,f / Streaming jzpfjzpf? content downloading jzpf jzpf vkyf Ekiw,f/ df

tvGef jrefygw,f/ yHk&dyfrIef0g;rIeJY vufvIyf&Sm;rIudk rjzpfay: ap&efaqmif&uxm;jyD; "mwfykH G f omru30fps VGA movies with sound udkvnf; ½dkuful; Edkifygw,f/ AA "mwfcJudk oHk; xm;vdYk bufx&Dtm;ukew,f f qdwhJ tcuftcJukd rjzpfay:ap k yg/ 2.5 vufr LCD eJY tjym? yef;a&mif? aiGa&miftdrfuav;u vSywJh'DZdkif;udk yHkazmfay;ae ovdkyg/ wefzdk; 260ç000 usyf jzpfygw,f/ tao;pdwf tcsuftvufrsm;udk NEO TECH trSwf 133? qdyfurf;omvrf;? ausmufwHwm; jrdKUe,f? &efukef/ zkef;710752? 253105 odkY qufoG,far;jref;Edkifygw,f/

Nokia E71 and Nokia E63
Keyboard tjynfhtpHkeJY t&G,ftpm; 4.49_2.24_0.39

vufrom&dSwJh vufudkifzkef;jzpfyg w,f/ tav;csdef 127 *&rf jzpfjyD; display u 2.36 vufreJY resol 320x240 high quality TFT QVGA yg/ cswqufzYkd&m Micro-USB eJY 2.5mm Nokia d f AV cofnnector yg0ifjyD; BP-4L 1500 mAh Li-Po battery udk oHk;yg w,f/ Memory taeeJY micorSD memory card slot,
hot swappable, max 8GB, 110MB internal dynamic memory wd k Y wyf q if x m;jyD ; data network ud k vnf ; aqmif&GufEdkifygw,f/ Messaging tjzpf SMS, Text-tospeech msg reader, MMS, Instant messaging with presence-enhan ced contacts eJY tD;ar;vfudkvnf; quf oG,foHk;Edkifygw,f/ Nokia E71 u 390ç000 usyfeJY Nokia E63 u 270ç000 usyf

Hyundai HM - T4300E
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New Product

NEW PRODUCT IN YANGON
Toshiba OLP Projector TDP-TW95
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New Product

NEW PRODUCT IN YANGON
ASUS LCD Model VK266H
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ASUS LCD Model VH192D
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1980s game technology:

3D graphics

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Puzzle

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ZX Spectrum

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Classic 1980s games

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net generation algorithm wpfckudkvnf;

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Sim City Sim City

Elite

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trading game

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67

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Alien Carnage

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Sim2

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Civilisation Real-time strategy game awGxJ

Text-based adventures

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High-quality sound
Classic 1990s games

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Doom Doom

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1990s game technology :

Direct X

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Doom

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[Ref: Personal Computer World]

Gaming timeline
1961 Space War, the first computer game 1971 The Galaxy Game becomes the first coin-operated computer game 1973 Will Crowther creates the first computer adventure game, called Adventure 1973 Mazewar, the first 3D maze game 1978 Roy Trubshaw writes first multi-user dungeon for a British university network 1979 First transatlantic Mud game held 1980 First networkable PC game 1981 Castle Wolfenstein launched 1982 First textand colour graphic game 1983 First real-time strategy game 1984 Compuserve first ISP to host RPG 1985 Tetris invented 1986 Rim Worlds War first play-by-email RPG game hosted on commercial server 1987 Adlib releases the first soundcard 1987 Midi Maze introduces deathmatches 1988 Pool of Radiance lunched 1989 Sim City launched 1990 Ultima and Wizardry reach PC 1991 Civilisation launched 1992 Wolfenstein 3D, Dune II, Mortal Kombat launched 1992 Alone in the Dark uses actors 1993 Doom launched 1994 Doom II, Command and Conquer launched 1994 ESRB set up 1996 Duke Nukem launched 1996 Qiale launched 1996 Syndicate Wars puts advertising in a computer game for the first time 1997 Age of Empires, Ultima Online, Grand Theft Auto launched 1998 Half-Life launched 1999 Billy Mitchell achieves the highest possible score for Pac-Man with 3,333,360 points 1999 Everquest launched 2000 The first game modification to be more popular than the original, Counter-strike, launched. Later to become the world's best-selling FPS 2001 Microsoft enters console market with the Xbox 2001 World War 2 online becomes the first massively multiplayer online first-person shooter (MMOFPS) 2002 The sims Online launched 2002 US Army releases America's Army, the first time a game has been designed for recruitment. 2002 Grand Theft Auto 3 launched 2003 First MMORPG virtual currency, with real-world value, set up by Project Entropia

Using an emulatr to play Dos games

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2009 ar ?uGeysLwm*sme,f f

77

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78

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Sea Fishing
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Ship Nostalgia
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World Photography Forum
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uGeysLwmtaxGaxG f Technology

1935
Bell Lab &JU odyÜHynm&Sif Homer Dudley u "signal transmission" qdkwJh ud&d

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1974
puf½kyfoHawGtwGuf txGwftxdyf a&mufcsdef/ Kraftwerk u "Autobahn" vdkY ac:wJh 22 rdepf pm vocoder jam jzefYa0 w,f/ aemufwpfESpfMum awmh peter Frampton u talk box udkoHk;jyD; olY&JU toufarG;0rf;ausmif; tvkyf &SifoefvmapcJhw,f/

tar&duefor®w z&efuvif 'D½l;pAJeJY qufoG,fajymqdk&mrSm Mum;jzwf em;axmifjcif; rjyKEdkifatmif oHk;cJhwJh tqihfjrifh spy enf;ynm jzpfygw,f/

1997
70 ESpfrsm;qDu olY&JU awGU&Sdcsuf awGrS tusKd;tjrwf xkwf,ljyD; Hildebrand [m Auto-Tune udk jzefYa0cJhw,f/ toH tedrhftjrihf pitch udk od&Sd rSwfom;EdkifjyD; vocals toHawG tcsdefeJY wpfajy;nD tvdktavsmuf rSefatmif jyifay;EdkifwJh recording software jzpfygw,f/ ta&mif;&qHk; plug-ins awGxJu wpfck vsifjrefpGm jzpfvmw,f/

1998
tqdkawmf csm (cher) [m olr&JU ta&mif;&qHk; single "Believe" zefwD;EdkifcJhw,f/ AutoTune udk oHk;pGJ&if;eJY jzpfygw,f/ xdk wpDpD toHudk ,ck Cher Effect vdkY odvmMuw,f/

2008
Lit Wayne &JU t,fvfbrf rSm Auto-Tune oHk;cJhw,f/ tjcm; pitch-altering plug in Melodyne udkvnf;

vlawGuwpmpmajymvmw,f/

2007
Hip Hop tqdkawmf T-Pain u olY&JU single "Buy U a Drank" rSm Auto-Tune effects oHk;cJhw,f/ ta&mif;&qHk; eHygwfwpf hit

2009
Bon Iver u alt-folk aw;*DwodkY Auto-Tune

udk ,laqmifvmcJhygw,f/

jzpfcJhw,f/ 88 uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

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1943
'kwd,urÇmppftwGif; z&ef uvif 'D ½lpAJheJY csmcsDwdkY zkef;qufoG,f ajymMum;&m rSm encrypt vkyf&ef vocoder amps eJY filters awGudk aps;MuD;jyD; xkxnfMuD;rm; wJh terminal jzifh aygif;pyf oHk;pGJcJhw,f/ (pum;rsm;avh &SdwJh pwmvifawmh xdk ajym qdkolawGrSm rygcJhygbl;)

1961
trsKd;om;vHkjcHKa&;tzGJU NSA u HY-2 udk azmfxkwf cJh&m mainframe uGefysLwm twGuf yxrqHk; digital channel vdkif;yGihfatmif vrf;cif;ay;cJhw,f/ Channels aygif; 16 ckeJY vQKdU0Suf messages awGudk 2,400 bps jrefEIef;eJY wGufcsuf vkyfudkifEdkifcJhw,f/

1971
Vocoder eJY electronica

1972
"I Just Called To Say I Love You" oDcsif;a&;zGJUol

toHxkwfEdkifcJhw,f/ aw; *Dw oDuHk; zGJUqdkol wendy carlos u emrnfausmf 'g½dkufwm pwefav ul; A&pf&JU A Clock war Orange ½kyf&SiftwGuf acsmufcsm;zG,f tones aemufcHtoH zefwD;&mrSm xdkud&d,mudk oHk;cJhygw,f/

*Dwynm&Sif pwDAif0rf;'g;eJY music of My Mind t,fvf brfrSm talk box ud&d,mudk trsm;vlxkodkY rdwfqufay;cJh w,f/ oDqdkolu olwdkY&JU wl&d ,mtwGif; yvwfpwpf >yefrS wpfqihf qdknnf;wJhtcg umwGef;Zmwfvdkuf csmvD ba&mif;&JU q&mrawGtoHrsKd; xGufvmapw,f/

1976
urÇmajratmuf ajryHkqGJzdkY a&eHvkyfief; okawoe ynm &Sif Andy Hildebrand u audio signals awG oHk;pGJ&m rSm tvdktavsmuf qufpyfrI &Smay;wJh auto-correlation enf;pepfudk uRrf;usif ydkifEdkif vmw,f/ xyfausmhjyef tqiftuGufawG axmuf vSrf;zdkY&m toHjyefrItm; ajc&mcHjcif; jzpfw,f/ ¤if;u Auto-Tune aemufuG,frS enf;ynm zefwD;ay;cJhw,f/

1978
Battlestar Galactica qdkwJh strategy *drf;rS raumif; qdk;0g; Cylons awG&JU toHudk jyKvkyfzdkY vocoder

1983
tmumotusOf;axmif taMumif; pyfqdkxm;wJh Dennis De Yaung &JU Domo arigato a&mhcf atmfy&m zefwD;wifquf&m rSm olY&JU cspfjrwfEdk; vSpGmaom wDxGifrI yg0if toHk;cscJhyHktm; Dudley wpfa,muf raocifawGUjrif em;qif cJh&w,f/

1985
Roger Troutman [m talk box oHk;jyD; "Computer Love" R&B slow jam eJY ta&mif;&qHk; hits

udk oHk;cJhw,f/

jzpfcJhw,f/

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Amount of Experience Tech Task
none one or twice every now and then Quite a bit

Installing an adapter card Installing hard disk drive Installing modems & NICs Connecting a complete to Internet Installing Printer & Scanner Installing RAM Installing CPU Fixing Printers Fixing Boot Problems Fixing Portable Computers Building Complete Systems Using External Line Installing/Optimizing Windows Using Windows 2000 Using Windows XP Configurating NTFS Permission Configurating Wireless Network Configurating Software Firewall Installing a Sound Card Using OS diagnostic tools Using Volt-Ohm-Meter

12 12 8 8 4 8 8 6 8 8 12 8 10 6 6 6 6 6 2 8 4

10 10 6 6 3 6 7 5 7 6 10 8 8 6 6 4 5 4 2 8 3

8 8 6 4 2 4 5 4 7 4 8 6 6 4 4 3 3 2 1 6 2

4 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 5 2 6 4 4 2 2 2 2 1 0 4 1

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Month of direct, Professional Experience time 0 Up to 6 6 to 12 Over 12

To your study

Add 520 Add 30 Add 10 Add 0

Experienced tech ( uRrf;usifwJhtqifhqkd&if) qkd&if em&D 40 avmufqkd vHkavmufygw,f/ omrefavhvm&r,fh tqifhqkd&ifawmh em&Daygif; 200 avmuf ukd vkdtyfygvdrfhr,f/ 'gawmif tajccHtcsufawGodNyD;om;vkdU ,lqxm;ygw,f/

om;xm;csufawG (,ckzwfaewJhpmtkyf) [m avhvmolawGtwGuf tkypk 2 ck cGjJ yD; f avhvmEdkifwJhoabm jzpfygw,f/ yxr tkyfpku experienced (uRrf;usifrI&dSjyD;) olawGtwGuf rGrf;rHwJhoabmrsKd; (polish) jzpfjyD; avhvm&ifvnf; &ygw,f/ Exam twG u f t"d u oabmrsKd ; ud k qdvygw,f/ 'kw,tkypuawmh uGeysL k kd d f k f wmeJY ywfoufjyD; bmrS rodao;bl;/ odkYr[kwf A[kokw tenf;i,favmufyJ &dSolawGtwGuf avhvmr,fqdk&if vG,f ulatmif? t"duodxm;&r,fh tcsuf? aqmif&ef? a&Smif&efawGukd zwfjyD; xdawGU cHpm;Ediatmif a&;om;xm;wm jzpfw,f/ k f 'DuaeY jzpfay:ajymif;vJwdk;wuf vmwJh yDpDenf;ynmawG[m b,fvdkrsKd; ordkif;aMumif;awGtay:rSm tajccHjyD; jzpfay:vmw,fqdkwmudk tao;pdwf od&rSm jzpfovdk pmar;yGJtwGuf t"du &Sif;jycsifwJh taMumif;t&mawGudkvnf; rSwfrdvG,fatmif a&;om;xm;ygw,f/ tcsKdUaom yDpDenf;ynmawG[m wjznf; jznf;csif; ajymif;vJaejyD; tcsKdUaom enf; ynmawGu toGirwlawmhavmufatmif f ajymif ; vJ o G m ;wmud k awG U &ygw,f / bmaMumifhvJqdkwm od&atmif enf; ynmta[mif;awGudkyg &Sif;jyxm;yg w,f/ 'gaMumifh oifcef;pmtpawGrSm 'Historical/Conceptual' qdkwJh acgif; pOfeJY jzpfpOfawGudk &Sif;jyxm;ygw,f/ (Exam twGuf rvdktyfyg/) 'ghtjyif essentials taeeJ Y od u d k od & r,f h

94

uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

uGeysLwmtaxGaxG f awGudk ajzqdkyg/ udk,fwdkifvnf; ar; cGef;awG wnfaqmufyg/ ajzMunhfyg/ pD'DeJYvmwJh tcef;vdkuf test awGudk ajz MunhygvdYk tMuHjyKygw,f/ &rSwawG udk f f rS w f o m;xm;yg/ tcef ; vd k u f &rS w f awG[m wlnDrI &dSvmygvdrfhr,f/ qdkvdk wmu tcef; (1) ajzMunhfawmh &rSwf u 30? tcef; (2) &rSwfu 40? tcef; (3) &rSwfu 20? tcef; (4) &rSwfu 60 qdkygpdkY/ 'gqdk&if tcef; wpfckcsif;qD u &rSwfawG[m rwlnDygbl;/ 'g[m bmvdkY azmfjyovJqdk&if tcef;wpfckcsif; pD todoabmw&m;awG wlnDrI r&dS ao;bl; qdkwmudk azmfjyygw,f/ 'Dvdk tajctaersKd;rSm exam rajzqdkoifhyg bl;/ Fail jzpfzdkY aocsmygw,f/ &wJh &rSwfawG[m tcef;wdkif; nDvnf; nD r,f? 65 rSwftxufvnf; ausmfr,f qdk&ifawmh exam ajzqdkEdkifygjyD/ atmif zdYk 99.99 &mcdiEe; aocsmygw,f/ 0.01 k f I f &mcdkifEIef;uawmh udk,fwdkif oGm;a&muf ajzqdkzdkY vdkygw,fvdkY tMuHay;csifyg w,f/ 'Denf;[m a&SUrSm azmfjyxm;wJh Z,m;eJY rdrdudk,fudk ppfaq;jcif;xuf ydkaumif;wmudk awGU&ygvdrfhr,f/

taMumif;t&m acgif;pOfawGeJY &Sif;jy xm;ygw,f/ (Exam twGuf vdktyfyg w,f/) Essentials acgif;pOfvdkyJ tqifh jrifh todawGtwGuf IT Tech acgif;pOf awGeJY xyfaqmif;&Sif;jycsufawGudkvnf; awGU&ygvdrr,f/ (IT Tech exam twGuf hf vdktyfygw,f/) Beyond A+ acgif;pOf eJYvnf; aemufjzpfay: ajymif;vJvmr,fh topf t opf a om enf ; ynmawG taMumif;udk a&;om; azmfjyxm;ygao; w,f/ rSwcsuf f yxrtMudrf zwfwtcgrSm oabm hJ w&m; (concepts) awGudk em;vnfzdkY jzpfygw,f/ ]bmhaMumifh} qdkwmudk em; vnfzYkdjzpfjyD;? ]b,fvvy}f qdwmawG udk kd k k odzdkY rvdkao;ygbl;/ uRefawmfwdkY rSm yDpDwpfvHk;avmuf &dScJhr,fqdk&ifawmh taumif;qHk;ygyJ/ yDpDeJY wdkuf½dkuf ppf aq;wJh oabmyg/ uGJjym;rIawG &dSEdkif w,f/ bmhaMumifhqdkwmudk tajzxkwf Edkifvmr,f/ pmtkyf&JU azmfjycsufawG wl aew,f odkYr[kwf vGJaew,fqdkwmudk odEdkifw,f/ odae½HkavmufeJY auseyf raeygeJY/ bmhaMumifh rwlwmvJqwmudk kd qufavhvmyg/

tck aemufqHk;ay: acwfopfyDpD awG&JU technologies awG[m a&SUuay: cJhwJh yDpD technologies ta[mif;awG ay:rSm oDtdk&DawG tajccHwmudk awGU& ygr,f/ 'kwd,tMudrf pmtkyfudk zwf&mrSm t"duuswJh tcsufawGudk xifxif&Sm; &Sm; jzpfatmif rSwfom;yg/ azmfjyyg yHk awGudk aoaocsmcsm avhvmyg/ oif cef;pm zwfjyD;&if avhusifhcef; ar;cGef;

2009 ar ?uGeysLwm*sme,f f

95

TOP 5
○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Laser Printers
○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Xerox Phaser 3300 MFP
www.xerox.com

Lexmark X543dn www.lexmark.com

HP Color LaserJet CM 1312 nfi
www.hp.com

Lexmark E460dw
www.lexmark.com

Samsung ML1630 W
www.samsung .com

600 a':vm
Editor Rating 8.0

660 a':vm
Editor Rating 7.8 Specs color laser USB connection Ethernet Legal size paper (max.) 1200 x 1200 dpi color 1200 x 1200 dpi optical scan

690 a':vm
Editor Rating 7.5 Specs USB connection 802 .11 b/g/n 10/100 Ethernet Legal size paper (max.)

240 a':vm
Editor Rating 6.9 Specs Monochrome laser USB connection Ethernet Wireless A-4 size (max.) 1200 x 600 dpi

575 a':vm
Editor Rating 7.5 Specs color laser built-in card reader

Specs Laser USB connection 10/100 Base TX Ethernet hegal-size paper (max.) 1200 x 1200 dpi mono 600 x 1200 dpi optical scan

2.4 vufr LCD
standalone fax capabilities

18_ 18.3 _17.1 vufr 41 .6 aygif

18.2_17.3_21.1 vufr 59 aygif

96

uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

ta&;Mu;D aomtcsuf jref q ef oG u f vufpGm vkyfukdifay; Ekdifw,f/ ½Hk;oHk;puúL tm;vHk; oHk;Ekdifw,f/ Output t&nftaoG; aumif;w,f/

ta&;Mu;D aomtcsuf SOHO aps;uGuf 0ifjzpfw,f/ jrefqef w,f/odYkaomf aps;EIe; f MuD;jrifhw,f/

ta&;Mu;D aomtcsuf pG,po;Hk umvm f kH avqm trsKd;tpm; jzpfw,f/ Wi-Fi pepf eJY extra papers trays yg&Sdw,f/

3 vufr LCD 10. 2_15.9_14 . 5 vufr 30 . 9 aygif

14.1 _13.8 _4.8 vufr 15.3 aygif

ta&;Mu;D aomtcsuf wpfrdepfudk 44 &Guftxd xkwfay;Ekdif w,f / tjref E I e f ; aumif;w,f/ odYk aomf aps;EIef; MuD;jrifhvGef; w,f/

ta&;Mu;D aomtcsuf urÇmay:rSm tayghqHk;? tao;qHk;? tjidrfoufqHk; networkable printer jzpf w,f/

TOP 5
○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Inkjet Printer
○ ○ ○

Epson Antisan 800
www.epson.com

Epson WorkForce 600
www.epson.com

Epson Styles Photo R2880
www.epson.com

Canon Pixma MX7600
www.canon.com

Kodak ESP9
www.kodak.com

(rod&ao;)
Editor Rating 8.3 Specs USB connection Wi-Fi wireless Wired network Pictbridge paper size (legal) 9600 dpi color/ mono 2400 x 2400 dpi scan all-in-one

Editor Rating 9.2 Specs USB connection Ethernet WiFi Legal-size paper (max.) 5760 x 1440 dpi color/ mono 4800 dpi scan

Editor Rating 8.8 Specs USB connection Wi-Fi, Ethernet paper size 8.5 vufr

Editor Rating 8.7 Specs USB connection 2 ckyg Pict Bridge - 13 vufr

340 a':vm

190 a':vm

820 a':vm

390 a':vm
Editor Rating 8.7 Specs USB connection Ethernet autoduplexing all-in-on printer

_ 44 vufr
5760 x1440 dpi color/ mono, 2400 dpi scan

_44 vufr? 5760 x
1440 dpi color/mono

3.5 vufr LCD 18. 4_15.2_7.8 vufr 23.8 aygif

2.5 vufr LCD 18.1_22. 1 _ 12 vufr 18.3 aygif

24.3_31.4_16.3 vufr 26.9 aygif

ta&;Mu;D aomtcsuf pG,po; all-inf kH kH
one injet printer

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○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ta&;Mu;D aomtcsuf pwk d i f a umif ; w,f/ jrefqefoGuf vuf w ,f / Text output txl;aumif; rGefw,f/ SOHO ½Hk; vkyfief;twGuf toifhawmfqHk; jzpf w,f/
○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ta&;Mu;D aomtcsuf 'D Z k d i f ; tvG e f aumif;w,f/ a&mifpHk twGufjzpfjzpf? tjzL trnf;jzpfjzpf "mwfyHk xkwvyru profesf k f I sional tqifh&Sdw,f/

ta&;Mu;D aomtcsuf inkjet trsKd ; tpm; multifunction printer jzpf w ,f / Text jzpfjzpf? "mwfyHk jzpfjzpf rSwfausmuf wif a vmuf a tmif tao;pdwf? tEkpdwf Munfvifjywfom;rI &Sd w,f/

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2009 ar ?uGeysLwm*sme,f f

97

Open Source

Research & Report

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uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

Research & Report tukefydkif; oHk;vywfrSm 8 &mcdkifEIef; usqif;cJhw,f/ jyD ; awmh Vista [mvnf ; tajcrvSwJh ,ufuef,uf uef OS tjzpf aps;uGufrSm emrnfysufcw,f/ Platform hJ topfqdkwmxuf Vista tm; jyefvnf jyifqif zmax;xm; aom service pack eJY ydkwlwJh Windows 7 [mvnf; tajz r[k w f y g/ rd k u f u ½d k a qmh z f twGuf pdefac:rI[m 'ghxuf ydkeuf½Idif;ygw,f/ Windows rS jyef&csufaiG xdef;odrf;½Hk eJYwifvnf; tvHk;pHk tEdkif& rnfhudef; r&Sdyg/ xkwfvkyfolawGu PC topf wif y d k Y w J h t cgwd k i f ; Windows XP [m 34 a':vm aqmif,lay;w,fvdkY tqd k & S d w ,f / vl t rsm;pk twGuf xdkaumfyDopfudk xdk enf;vrf;yHkpHtm;jzifhyJ &&SdMu wmyg/ tjcm;wpfzufrmawmh S rdkufu½dkaqmhzf Office [m qdk&if PC eJY twlwGJygwJh suite version tay: rlwnf jyD ; 12 qxd yd k í rsm;rsm; aqmifMuOf;ay;w,f/ Office eJY Publisher, Office Mobile wdkYvdk quf ET , f application awG [ m vdipifaMu;aiG jyef&csuf wpf k f [kefxdk; pD;qif;ap½HkrubJ rdkufu½dkaqmhzf&JU server application awGeJY wGJcsnfay; w,f/ Share Point vdk t&m rsKd;u discount csxm;wJh tcsdefawmif 4ç350 a':vm &Sw,f/ tJ'gjzpfEiorQ tedrfh d kd f qHk; aqmhzf0J aps;&Smay;wJh NexTag tGefvdkif; 0efaqmif rIuae udk;um;xm;wmaemf/ tjcm;wpf e nf ; vS n f h ajym&&if Windows qdkwm rdkufu½dkaqmhzfudk tajccdkif atmif xlaxmifay;wJht&m jzpf c sif j zpf r ,f / 'gayr,f h Windows u uk r Ü P D u d k wnfjrJatmif axmufyay;Edif hH k rS m r[k w f b l ; / ¤if ; tm; tjydKiftqdkifawGrSm tompD; &apwmu application awG aMumifhom jzpfw,f/ jyD;awmh ¤if;wdkYu tjrwfoufouf taeeJY a':vm bDvD,Haygif; rsm;pGm xkwfay;ygw,f/ rdkuf u½dkaqmhzf&JU application
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2009 ar ?uGeysLwm*sme,f f

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mindshare Computing

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Modula-2

uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

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2

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3

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2009 ar ?uGeysLwm*sme,f f

107

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5 ud,yif gadget tjzpf wnfaqmufEiygw,f/ 'Add stuff' k f kd kd f
pmwef; odYr[kwf atmufajcu ... and more udk uvpfvyfyg/ k k jrifui;f b,fbufu 'Create your own gadget' atmuf&Sd 'Try G Now' (tjyma&mifpmwef;) udk uvpfvkyfvdkufyg/ Google u gadget 6 rsK; ay;xm;jy; oiftaeeJY Framed Photo eJY Daily Me d D h u@ tygt0if udk,fa&;udpöawGudk wifxm;Edkifygw,f/ oifh ud,yif gadget udk wifxm;wJh oif&UJ rdwfaqGrsm;xH "mwfykawG? k f kd h H tcsutvufawG? aeYpOf aqmif&uaewmawGukd ay;ydzvS,Eiyg f G f Yk f kd f w,f/

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6

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7

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uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

uGeysLwmtaxGaxG f

tuG u f a tmuf u 'Get started' udk uvpfvyyg/ vdtyfwhJ tcsutvufawG jznfh xnhyg/ kf k f f 'Create Gadget' udk a&G;cs,vu&if ¤if;wdonf home page udk f kd f Yk tvdk tavsmufvmjy;D aygi;f xnfay;ygvrr,f/ Oyrm Framed h d hf Photo (gadget) udk a&G;cs,vufw,fqygp/ Home page udk f kd kd Ykd jyef z G i f h Munh f y g/ oif h u d k , f y d k i f Framed Photo (gadget) a&mufaeygjy/ oifu,yif Framed Photo (gadget) udk update D h kd f kd vkyfEdkifovdk "mwfyHkudkvnf; ajymif;Edkifygw,f/ tao;pdwfudk vufawGU aqmif &GufMunhfapvdygw,f/ k oifqufo,vwhJ email contact awGeYJ link vkyf a&G;cs,f G f kd yg/ odkYr[kwf directory rSm oifh&JU gadget udk wifvdkufyg/ iGoogle oHk;olrsm;eJY tquftoG,f &,lEifygjy/ kd D
gadget

8 oif a&G;cs,fvdkufwJh

Add Stuff (pmwef;)udk uvpfvyyg/ jrifui;f ajymif;oGm;jy;D b,fbufu Hottest eJY All k f G categories tkypkawGudk browse vkyfjy; link csdwfMunhfyg/ bm f D

9 jrifuGif;&JU nmbuftpGefxdyfu

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10

2009 ar ?uGeysLwm*sme,f f

109

uGeysLwmtaxGaxG f Tips & Tricks
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Eyes Eyes (gadget)

trHawGudk csjywJh ae&mvdkY qdkygw,f/ prf;oyfaewJh uGif;MuD; qdkygawmh/ tJ'DurS feedback awGudk &,ljyD; final version xkwvyygvdrr,f/ tJ'rm add-ons vdYk ac:wJh tydaqmif;ay; f k f hf D S k wJh vkyfaqmifcsufawG rsm;pGm &dSaeygw,f/ Oyrm Google &JU webmail service aqmif&Gufcsufrsm;udk ydkrdk aumif;rGefatmif jyKvkyfay;wmrsKd;yg/ Google eJY ywfoufwJh tcsuftvufrsm; pGmudkvnf; avhvmEdkifygw,f/ bmyJjzpfjzpf oifhudk taxmuf tuljyKay;r,fh add-ons awG &dSaeygw,f/
Tasks Tasks qdkwJh vkyfaqmifcsuf oifh&JU email xJu vkyfief; pOfrsm;pm&if;wpfckudk odrf;ay;xm;rSmyg/ Gmail Calendar udk zGifh&wmxuf ydkjyD; tqifajyrSmyg/ Emails rsm;uae vkyfief;

rSm rsufpdESpfvHk; ygygw,f/ t0dkif;yHk rsufrSefvdk uGif;ESpfuGif;twGif; rsufvkH;av; ESpfvHk;qdkygawmh/ Google rSm teDeJY t0ga&mif uGif;ESpfuGif;yg/ ¤if;onf web page tay: oifh armufpumqm a&TUwdi; uGi;xJrm vnfaeyg f k f f S vdrfhr,f/ oifhudk tm½Hkajymif;wmyg/

pOftjzpf ajymif;ay;wmrsKd;yg/ ta&;MuD;wJh tcsufawGudk tod ay;ygvdrfhr,f/
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Things to Ponder

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Brain Tuner Nintendo DS vdk

wpfckckudk acwå&yfxm;zdkYtaMumif; ay:aumif; ay:ygr,f/ Email Addict (add-on) u screen udk 15 rdepfavmuf ydwf ay;xm;jyD; rjrif&wJh oifh&JU chat vkyfief;udk vkyfaqmifapyg r,f/
Canned Responses wpfaeYwpfaeY Email ta&twGuf b,favmufukd oH;ae k &ovJ/ Email b,fESapmif jyefMum;ae&ovJ/ Canned Responses (add-on) u oifh message udk template wpfcktjzpf

odrf;xm;ay;ygvdrfhr,f/

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Windows Vista

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Ref: Smart Computing

The Backup List
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Gaming pop culture

Gaming pop culture

DotA...................

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Gaming pop culture

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Gaming pop culture

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Items

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Gaming pop culture

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play diversity

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Gaming pop culture

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World Cyber Games, Cyberathlete Amateur League, CyberEvolution League, Electronic Sports World Cup wdkYxuf ydkí rsm;pGm . . . .

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120

uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

Gaming pop culture

4/ Warcraft III Engine & Map Tools Game mod wpfckjzpfwmeJYtnD DotA taejzifh pvHk;a&pí tjynfhtpHk a&;&aom full-fledged games xuf ta&;ygwJh wpfyef;omrIu Warcraft III eJY wGJzufyg&SdwJh tools jzpfygw,f/ 'D tvG e f t oH k ; wnf h a om tool tpH k j zif h vsifjrefaom azmfxkwfrIeJY content awG tzefzef jyefxyfxnfhEdkifrIawG cGihfjyKay; w,f/ Guinsoo eJY olYtzGJUtaejzifh models, textures, tilesets ponf r sm; zefwD;,lzdkY bmrQylp&mrvdkyg/ olwdkY vdkorQ t&mtm;vHk; toolset twGif; xnfhoGif;yg0ifjyD;jzpfw,f/ 'gaMumifh tzGJUtaeeJY olwdkYtaumif;qHk; vkyfEdkif r,fh t&mudk tm½Hkpl;pdkufEdkifw,f/ tJ'g uawmh Gameplay tay: jzpfw,f/ 5/ ao;i,fwhJ Development & Testing Team DotA atmifjrifapzdkY&m volunteer awG ta&;ygaomenf;eJY jr§ihfwifzdkY&m vdkw,f/ Guinsoo tygt0if staff tzGJU wpfckvHk;u volunteer awG jzpfw,f/ ajcEdkifvufEdkif tzGJUwpfcktaejzifh tjcm; ukrÜPDrsm;pGm taotcsmudk remvdkp&m aumif;wJh pdwf0ifpm;p&meJY wpfyef;omrI rsm;pGm &Sdygw,f/ Team manager tjzpf Guinsoo [m volunteer awG trSefwu,f pdwf tm;jyif;jyaewJh t&mwpfckck vkyfjzpfap zdkY vIHYaqmf EId;qGzdkY&m jyóem r&Sdbl;/ vlwdkif;u *drf;udk vlMudKufrsm;jyD; atmif jrifapcsifw,f/ olwdkYu vlMudKufrsm;jyD; atmifjrifwJh *drf;udk jyKvkyf&mrSm yg0if csifw,fqdkwmuvGJvdkY tjcm;taMumif; r&Sdbl;/ 'D project u aiGtwGuf r[kwf bl;/ Business vkyfief; vdktyfcsufawG vnf; r&Sdbl;/ Marketing, Producer, executives bmrQrvd k / tzG J U taeeJ Y gameplay oufouftay:om tm½Hpuf k kd EdkifcJhw,f/

acgif;aqmifwpfOD;om&SdwJh þrQ ao;i,faom tzGJU&Sdjcif;aMumifh xyf ausmhjyef iterative process u trsm; MuD; jrefwJhEIef;xm;eJY jzpfEdkifw,f/ jref qefwhJ iteration eJY content release awG u DotA atmifjrifrI&JU t"du tcsuf wpfck jzpfw,f/ reufydkif;rSm bug wpfckawGUw,f qdkygawmh/ naeydkif;rSm patch wpfck xkwfay;Edkifr,f/ jzefYa0ay;&m website odkY zdkiftopfwpfck upload wifay;½Hk omyg/ tJ'Dvdk post vkyfjyD;wmeJY version topf[m player base tajcokdY ysHUESHYoGm;r,f/ Content topf odkYr[kwf feature topfukd nwGi;csif; jyKvkyf jzefY f a0ay;Edkifw,f/ Development process wpfckvHk; udk ao;i,fwJh vltkyfpkav;wpfckuom xde;csKyfjcif;aMumifh design tzGUJ taejzifh f vHk;0 jcHKiHkpkpnf;wJhtjrif unified vision xdef;odrf;xm;Edkifygw,f/ Development tm;vHk;udk oli,f csif;rsm; tkyfpkjzifh xdef;csKyfw,f/ tcsdef rwdicif aygufMum; ,dprzYkd &m tEÅ&m,f k f k d hf r&SbJ releases awG wif;usypm xde;csKyf d f G f xm;Edkifygw,f/

DotA udk vrf;acsmaponfh tcsursm; f f

1/ ao;i,fwhJ development & testing
tools

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Gaming pop culture

enf;eJY today;zdkY&m &Sdw,f/ aemufqHk; release &JU aumfyDeJY axmufyHhay;&r,f/ Map versions topfawGudk website tay:rSm host vkyfxm;ygw,f/ 'gay r,fh active player awG ta&twGuf wkd;yGm;vmwJhtcg bandwidth consumption aMumifh 'gudk manage vkyf& wm cufygw,f/ 4/ topf0ifa&muforsm;twGuf l twm;tqD;jrihrm;jcif; f Multiplayer support eJY matchmaking uif;rJhrI? *drf; content euf½Idif; rI? distribution and installation cufcJ rIwdkYaMumihf upm;oltopf[m yxrqHk; tjzpf *drf;xJ 0ifa&muf upm;zdkY tvGef cufygw,f/ vrf;nTejf yr,for&S&if 0ifzYkd rvG,f h l d bl;/ DotA us,fus,fjyefYjyefY atmifjrif &wm[m wpfqihfajympum;eJY *drf;&JU social obm0aMumih f o m jzpf w ,f / Game tutorial &,fvYkdvnf;r&S/ Heroes d aygif;rsm;pGmrSm abilities awG b,fvdk oHk;&r,f/ b,f abilities u b,f jydKif buftay: acsrIef;Edkifw,fqdkwm odzdkY cufw,f/ ½IyfaxG;wJh items eJY recipe system eJYqdk jyD;a&m/ upm;oltopfu aumif;aumif; rupm;EdkifwJhtcsdefrsKd;rSm DotA u jydKif qdkifrI tvGefjrihfrm;wJh toif;tzGJU *drf; jzpfaew,f/ ydkjyD;tawGUtMuHK &ihfusuf

wJh players awGu olwdkYtwGuf odyf ta&;ygw,f/ 'geJYyJ topfjzpfwhJ tawGU tMuHKr&Sorsm;[m *dr;udk pGeYf cmjyD; b,f d l f G awmhrQ jyefrvmMuawmhyg/ 5/ Game &JU tcsetwdi;f twm df k DotA *dr;wpfc&U ysrf;rQMumcsdef u f k J rdepf 60 avmuf &Sdw,f/ 'gayr,fh *dr;u 2 em&D odYk r[kwf xdYk xufyívnf; f kd MumoGm;Edkifw,f/ 'DvdkrSef;q& cufwm k kH aMumihf upm;olawGrm session wpfcv; S twGuf tcsdef budget cszdkY&m cufoGm; w,f/ upm;ol wpfa,muf xGufoGm; jcif;u tzGJUtay: rrQwrI jzpfusefapcJh w,f/ *dr;&JU tcseukd cefYre;wGuqjcif; f d f S f f rjyKEdiwmaMumifh DotA udk tjydKiftqdif k f k eSport yGJawGrSm a&SUquf xGef;um;zdkY aESmihfaES;aeapw,f/ Tournaments awG udk schedule qGJzdkY&m cufapwJhtwGuf jzpfw,f/ tqHk;owfaumufcsuf DotA &JU aumif;usK;qd;usK; aomif; d k d ajymif;tcsufawG ajymcJhjyD;ygjyD/ &Sif;wm f wpfcawmh &Sw,f/ DotA u aysmarGUzG,f k d aumif;w,f/ Guinsoo, Eul, IceFrog eJY ra&wGufEdkifwJh trnfrJh wpfOD; wpf a,mufcsif; yg0if MudK;pm;cJhrIeJY DotA

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122

uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

Gaming pop culture Gaming pop culture

Resident Evil 5
Umbrella ukrÜPD&JU vufcsufeJY vlawGudk zombie jzpfapaom virus awGvnf; wpfurÇmvHk;jyefYaejyD/ yxr awmh Raccon City / aemuf pyde f aus;&Gm/ tckawmh tmz&duwdkufxd a&mufukefjyD/ wpfurÇmvHk;u *drfrmawG vnf; rtdyfrae tjyD;owfzdkY MudK;pm; &if; Capcom u vTwfvdkufwJh virus xdum rsufwGif;a[mufyuf Zombie awGvdk jzpfaea&mhr,f/ "Survival horror' genre udk zGihf qdk owfrSwfay;vdkufwJh rlvyxr Resident Evil pD ; &D ; awG u acsmuf c sm; pdwf"mwfuszG,f explicit violence and gore awG? uRDceJjrnfwJh wHcg;zGihfoHawG rSwfrdMurvm;yJ/ rIdif;n§dKUnpfax;jyD; t&m&m ysufpD;aewJh arSmifrdkuf 0ef;usif awGrm yef;csqefayr,fh xde;csKyf& tqif S D f rajyvSaom uifr&m tjrif ½Iaxmihfu av;wGJUpGm oGm;vm&wmawG/ rarQmfvihf aom acsmif*avmifu ½kww&uf 0ke;ceJ f f

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Gaming pop culture

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realtime

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Modula-2

DotA AllStars azmfxkwf&mwGif toHk;jyKxm;onfh tools rsm;
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Object Editor Map-Maker awGtaejzifh *drf;&JU ½kyfydkif;

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Import Manager

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apw,f/ uGefysLwm*sme,frSm vpOf wifqufaeus system analysis and design tydkif; 10, 11, 12,... wdkYrSm 'D finite state machine enf ; pepf a wG

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Photoshop Tutorial

Smart Object ESifh Smart Filter rsm; oHk;pGJjcif;
Photoshop Tutorial udk

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'Denf; ESpfenf;pvkH;rSm BudKufwJhtcsdef jyefoGm;NyD; setting awG jyefcsdefEdkifygw,f/ 'gayr,fh wu,fhwu,frSm xdkYxufru vkyfEdkifzdkU&m vdkygw,f/ ykH&dyfjyifqif wnf;jzwf jcif;rSm xdkrQomruyJ Gaussian Blur, Sharpen wdkYvdk filter effect awGtay:rSmvnf; tvm;wl vkyfvdkY&&if t&rf;udk NyD;jynfhpHkoGm;ygvdrfhr,f/ tck tutorial u 'gudk b,fvdkvkyf&r,f ajymjy oGm;rvdkYygyJ/ Photoshop CS2 rSm smart objects udk rdwfqufay;cJhw,f/ wpfaeYrSm image awGtay: dynamic filters awG ay;EdkifzdkY &nfrSef;OD;wnf w,f/Adjustment layer rSmvkyfvdkY&wmawG filters awG r S m vnf ; vk y f v d k Y &atmif csJ U xG i f r I jzpfygw,f/ Photosshop CS3 usmart filters eJY 'gudk wu,fjzpfatmif vkyfay;vdkufygNyD/tck oif[m Gaussian Blur, Unsharp Mask 'grS r[kwf Photoshop &JU tjcm; filters rsm;pGm ouf a&mufapNyD;rS ½kyfykHt&nftaoG;udk rxdcdkufapbJ b,ftcsdefrSmrqdk jyefoGm;í settings awG jyef jyifEdkifygw,f/ Filters effect awG xyfxm;NyD; xufatmuf tpDtpOfawG jyefjyifum rwlw&v'f hJ awG zefwD;MunfhEdkifygw,f/ Blend mode eJY opacity awGukd wpfceYJ wpfcrawmifruyJ layer k k S udk,fEIdufrSawmif oD;jcm; vGwfuif;pGm ajymif;vJ Edkifw,f/ Mask okH;NyD; effect udk vdk&mtydkif;wif uGufí oufa&mufapEdkifygao;w,f/ Photoshop tay: digital image awG udiw,f jyKjyif&m k f G rSm trSefwu,fudk BuD;rm;vSwJh a&SUajcwpfvSrf; jzpfygw,f/ 2009 ar ?uGeysLwm*sme,f f 125

TRICK (1)

½kyyHk image udk 'Smart Object' odYk ajymif;yg/ f

Layer thumbnail tuGuf nmatmufaxmifrm smart obh S ject icon av; ay:aeygr,f/ uJ... tJ'Dawmh bmjzpfvJ/ tJ'DrSm smart filters udk b,fvdk aygif;xnfh&rvJ/ Layer ty:rSm oif ykHrSeftwdkif; filter aygif;xnfhr,fhenf;eJY twlwlygyJ/ tJ'D

avmufxdudk vG,fygw,f/

TRICK (2) Smart Object odYk Filter wpfck oufa&mufapjcif; bm&,fr[kwf erlemtjzpf unsharp mask filter ouf a&mufMunfhr,f/ Filter > Sharpen > Unsharp Mask odkY oGm;yg/ Settings awG pdwfBudKufxm;NyD; Ok udk uvpfESdyfyg/

Photoshop CS3 u smart filters udk smart objects &JU

pGrf;&nf csJUxGifrItjzpf awG;Munfhyg/ 'gaMumifh olwdkYudk okH;zdkY t&ifqkH; smart object vdkygw,f/ Image udk smart object odkY ajymif;&ygr,f/ udk,fvdkcsifwJh layer ouf0ifapí Filter > H Convert For Smart Filters odYk oGm;yg/ yxrqk; tBudrjf zpf&if atmufyg Dialog box jrif&ygr,f/ 'D message udk tcgwdkif; jrifzdkY rvdkygbl;/ "Don't show again" udk check trSwfjzKwf cJhyg/ tjcm;wpfenf;tm;jzifh Layer> Smart Objects > Convert To Smart Objects odkY oGm;Edkifygw,f/

tJ'Davmufxd vG,fygw,f/

126

uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

uGeysLwmoifcef;pm f aervJ/ wlnDaom smart object wpfckwnf;rSm filter wpfck r[kwf rsm;pGm oufa&mufapEdkifpGrf;&Sd&if b,fheJYaervJ/ 'D filters awGrSm wpfckeJYwpfck oD;jcm; trSDtcdkuif;pGmjzifh opacity eJY blend mode awGajymif;Edi&if b,fE,aervJ/Filters awG&UJ k f h S f xufatmuf tpDtpOfawGjyifum &v'ftopfawG? effects awG zefwD;Edkif&if b,fhES,faervJ/ xdef;csKyfrI ydk&atmif filters txJ filters awG qifuiHk tkypzUJG Edi&if b,fE,aervJ/ Smart h J f k k f h S f filters eJYqdk&if jzpfEdkifpGrf;awGu tqkH; r&dSygbl;/

TRICK (3) Filters settings udk BuKd u&mtcserm jyefjyifjcif; f d f S 'D trick twGuf ckeyHkudkyJ tpu jyef,ljyD; Gaussian Blur Smart Filter u Radius rSm 3 udk ay;yg/ 'gu wu,fawmh vkyfcsifwJh effect twGuf setting rSm;,lrdwm jzpfw,f/ 'gudk

jyefjyifcsifygw,f/

uRefawmfwdkY ckav;wif yxrqkH; smart filter wpfck jyK vkyfcJhNyD;ygNyD/ Layers palette rSm Munfhyg/ Smart object layer atmufwnfhwnfhrSm "Smart Filters" qdkwJh tuGuf uav; awGUr,f/ Object odkY tenf;qkH; smart filter wpfck oufa&mufaeaMumif; &nfne;w,f/"Smart Filters" pmom;&JU T f b,fbufu tjzLa&mif av;axmifhuGuf[m mask wpfck jzpf w,f/ yHkrSef standard layer mask rSmvdkYyJ smart object &JU vdk&m tydkif;rSmom filter oufa&mufapzdkY cGifhjyKw,f/ Mask &JU atmufwnfhwnfhrSmawmh tapmu oufa&mufapcJhwJh Unsharp Mask Filter udk awGU&ygr,f/ ykref Layer tay:r[kwbJ HS f smart object tay: oufa&mufapcJhwmjzpfvdkY smart filter tvdktavsmuf jzpfvmygw,f/ Smart filter zefwD;zdkY 'Dhxuf ydkNyD; bmrSrvdkygbl;/ Layer odYk filter wpfck ykretwdi;ay;onfh enf;wl smart H S f k f object odkY filter wpfck oufa&mufapvdkuf½kHygyJ/ Ok/ oif awG;aumif; awG;aer,f/ 'gyJvm;/ emrnfvS vSav;wpfckeJY mask wpfck/ 'gyJvm;/ r[kwfyg/ oif a&SUqufvkyfaqmif&if; tqifhaygif; 50? 100? 500/ NyD;rS b,ftcsdefrSmrqdk jyefvmNyD; filter &JU settings awG jyifEdkifpGrf;&Sd&if b,fhES,faervJ/ Image quality rusapbJ xyfcgxyfcgxyfcg settings awGjyifEdkif&if b,fhES,f 2009 ar ?uGeysLwm*sme,f f 127

Layer palette u jyefjyifcsifwJY filter trnftay:rSm double-click ESy&if filter twGuf dialog box ac:ay;ygw,f/ d f Layer style rSm vkyf&wmeJY twlwlygyJ/ rlv Gaussian Blur smart filter rSm radius 3 ay;xm;&muae 13 ajymif;ay;zkdY

erlemjyxm;ay;ygw,f/

TRICK (4) Smart filter tay: blend mode ESihf opacity settings ajymif;

vJ jcif;
Layer palette u smart filter trnf nm bufab;&Sd slider bars eJY wlaom icon av; tay: double-click Edyf S &ygw,f/ Smart filter &J U blending option dialog box ac:ay;yg

w,f/
Mode rS m Soft Light xm;w,f/ Opactiy udk 75 odkY avQmhyg

w,f/

TRICK (5)

aemufxyf filter wpfck oufa&mufapjcif; bmrS xl;xl;jcm;jcm;vkyfp&mrvdkygbl;/ xdk smart object ouf0ifqrm aemufxyf BudKu&m filter oufa&mufapvduf JS f k ½kHygyJ/ Layer palette rSm update tajctae jrif&ygr,f/ 128 uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

'Dvkd jyifvG,fajymif;vG,f jzpfvGef;rIaMumifh trsdK;rsdK; prf;oyf zefwD;MunfhzdkY&m jzpfEdkifoGm;ygw,f/

IT Professional

Systems Analysis & Design
12: Statechart diagram :Concurrent Behaviour ywf vkyaqmifcijhf yKwJh Microsoft Winf G dows operating system eJY uRefawmf wdkY trsm;pk &if;ESD; uRrf;0ifMuygw,f/ Oyrmtm;jzifh oifu word processor eJY pma&;aepOf Internet browser eJY zdkif tcsdKUudk download csaejyD; Print Manager u aemufcH background rSm print job tcsdKU run aer,f/ ‘'g[m concurrent behaviour yJ jzpfygw,f/ 'D proH gram awG tm;vk;wpfjydKifwnf;rSm ouf 0if vIyf&Sm;aeNyD; operating system u 'Do;ckMum;wpfvnpD tvSnay; aqmif Hk S hf hf &Gufay;&w,f/ tm;vkH;u vIyf&Sm; ouf 0ifvsuf&SdjyD; vdktyfwJh function awG vkyfaqmifEdkifzdkY&m CPU time &JU microsecond awG tvSnfhus ywfcsmvnf cGJa0ay;&ygw,f/ t&ifvawGu oifcef;pmrSm concurrent behaviour udk ud,pm;jyK azmfjy k f zdkY&m enf;wpfcktjzpf composite state taMumif; aqG;aEG;cJz;ygw,f/'Dtydi;rSm h l k f awmh xdkcsnf;uyfenf;udk jyefvnf ½Ijrif
State

yk-1 H Concurrent behaviour >
State

>

State

qdkwmtvG,fqkH; ajym&&if &nf;pm;ESpfa,muf tNydKifxm;&wmeJY wlygw,f/ wpfa,mufeJYwpfa,muf rodapbJ tcsdefeJY*½kpdkufrIawG rQwpGmcGJa0ay;&r,f/
,aeY event-driven systems awG rSm tNydKiftjyKtrl concurrent behaviour udk azmfjyEdkifpGrf;u ydkí ydkí ta&;ygvmw,f/ Concurrent behaviour qdwm object wpfcu t&mrsm;pGm k k tjydKifvkyfEkdifjcif;udk qdkvdkw,f/wpfcsdef wnf;rSm program rsm;pGmukd zGiNhf yD; vnf

>

State

>
(a)

State

> > >

State

> >

State (b)

>

2009 ar ?uGeysLwm*sme,f f

129

IT ysLwmtaxGa uGeProfessionalxG f

>

State

>
OR

State

>
State

> >
AND

State

>

State

okH;oyfí concurrent behaviour udk model yHkpHjyKzdkY&m tjcm;enf;wpfck rdwf qufwifjyay;ygr,f/ Statechart diagram [m con-current behaviour udk multiple path tjydKif vrf;aMumif;rsm;eJY udk,fpm;jyK azmfjyyg w,f/ oD;jcm;vrf;aMumif; path wpfckpD udk thread vdkY ac:ygw,f/ ykH (1) rSm concurrent behaviour &JU multiple threads awGudk nTef;qdkzdkY statechart diagram rSm ok;wJtrSwtom; ykpEprsKd ; H h f HHSf udk jyxm;ygw,f/ Part(a) [m tapmydi; k f awGwkef;u o½kyfazmfjycJhzl;ovdk compartments tuefYi,fav;rsm;pGmygwJh composite state jzpfygw,f/ Part(b) rSmawmh transition wpfckwnf;u tNydKif vrf;aMumif; con current paths rsm;pGm cGJxGufyHk o½kyfazmfjyxm;w,f/ xlxJwJh a'gifvdkufrsOf;udk synchronization pseudostat vdkY ac:w,f/ vrf;aMumif; wpfckrS threads rsm;pGmodkU cGJxGuf&m point trSwfudk &nfnTef;w,f/ Part(b) rSmMunfh&if txGuf jrm;ESpfpif;twdkif; threads rsm;pGm ouf0ifvIyf&Sm;vsuf &Sd 130 uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

w,f/Threads rsm;pGmudk wpfckwnf; aom thread tjzpf jyefíaygif;pyfzdkU&m vnf; xdwnaom teufa&mifrsOf;vdi; k l D k f xlxludkyJ okH;ygw,f/ ykH(2) rSm output transitions trsdK; tpm;eSpfcktMum; uGmjcm;csufudk o½kyf azmfjyxm;ygw,f/ State wpfckrS cGJjzm xGuvmwJh transitions ESpcuOR conf f k kd dition vdkYqdkEdkifw,f/ vrf;aMumif; path wpfckr[kwf wpfckudkawmh ,lEdkifw,f/ 'gayr,fh ESpfckpvkH;awmh wpfjydKifwnf; r,lEdkifbl;/ jydKifus csdefudkuf rsOf;vdkif; synchronization bar u xGufvmwJh transitions ESpfckuawmh AND condition vdkY qdkEdkifw,f/ Path vrf;aMumif; wpfa&mESpyg wpfjydKifwnf; ,l&ygw,f/ f yHk (3) rSmawmh RMO customer twG u f concurrent behaviour ud k composite state jzifh erlemjyxm;w,f/ RMO system twGif; customer object udk jyKvkyfzefwD;,lNyD;wmeJY active odkYr[kwf inactive state wpfckr[kwf wpfckrSm &Sdaer,f/ Customer u yxr qHk;tjzpf RMO udk contacts vkyfwJh

tcg customer object topfudk zefwD; d jyKvkyNf yD; active state rSm&Sapr,f/ Composite state jzpfwJh active state twGif; rSm tuefYi,f compartment ESpfckjzifh tjydKif thread ESpfckudk udk,fpm;jyK azmfjy w,f/ tay:buf tuefYi,fu thread [m customer &JU purchasing status udk azmfjyw,f/ rsm;rsm;0,fwhJ customer [m special customer jzpfvmNyD; tydk xyfaqmif; tusdK;tjrwfawG vufcH &&Sd w,f/ atmufbufu tuefYi,frmawmh S customer wpfOD;rSm rsm;jym;xl;uJwJh outstanding order &Sd r&Sd apmifhMunfh aom thread wpfcyg&Sw,f/ 'D threads k d ESpc[m vk;0udo;jcm;jzpf trStcdk uif; f k H k D D vGwfw,f/ tuefYwpfcktwGif; state awGtMum; a&TUajymif;rI[m tjcm;tuefY tay: oufa&mufrI r&Sdbl;/ Path vrf;aMumif;wpfckpD[m pOD; initial pseudostate jzifhponfudk owd jyKyg/ Initial pseudostate [m tuefY wpfckpDtwGif; path vrf;aMumif;p&mudk nTefjyw,f/ Customer object u object state twGif; 0ifoGm;wJhtcg ¤if;u

uGeysLwmtaxGaxG f IT Professional
compartment tuefYwdkif;odkY tjydKif concurrently 0ifa&mufom;jcif;yJ jzpfyg G w,f/ Object u composite state rS xGufcGmwJhtcg ¤if;u compartment wkdif;eJYtwGif;ikH embedded compartment wdkif;udkyg pGefYcGmvmcJhjcif; jzpfyg w,f/ yHk (3) rSm Munfh&if customer u wpfESpftwGif; bmrSr0,f&if inactive state odkY a&mufoGm;r,f/olu order wpfckrSm,lwJhtcg active state xJ jyef

vmr,f/ yHk (4) uawmh synchronization pseudostates udk okH;jyD; concurrent paths awG jyxm;wJhtjcm; statechart ykpwpfrsdK; jzpfygw,f/ Statecharts ESpck H H f tMum; uGmjcm;csufudkMunfh&if yHk (2)

twdkif; composite active state ryg0if jcif;jzpfw,f/ oifhtaejzifh customer odkY txufydkif;tqifh high-level condition &nfnTef; azmfjyzdkY&m vdktyf&if yHk (3) u ydkaumif;wJh csOf;uyfenf; jzpf w,f/ 'DvdkrSr[kwf&ifawmh Analyst &JU tBudKufay: tajccHí qGxm;jcif;om jzpf J r,fh b,fykHrqdk vufcHEdkifp&m jzpfyg w,f/ Customer qd k w m uG e f y sLwm twGif; rSwfom;zdkYjyKvkyfxm;wJh udk,f pm;jyK trSwftom; artifact eJY oD;jcm; uif ; vG w f í tjyif u rÇ m rS m wu,f taumiftxnfvdkuf &SdwmowdjyKyg/ 'gaMumifh trSefwu,frSm customer ykHpHESpfrsdK; &Sdygw,f/ Customer vlyk*Kd¾ vf
PlaceOrder ( ) Inactive
>

eJY olYudk udk,fpm;jyKaom twGif;ydkif; customer object jzpfygw,f/ Computer customer [m system twGuf ta&;MuD;aom wu,fhtjyifu customer taMumif;owif;tcsufawG xdef;

PlaceOrder ( )
> >

AfterNoOrder (1 year)

Active
StartNewYear / Zero annual purchases Special

Regular

>

do/accum annual purchases do/accum lifetime purchases

ShipOrder( )

> >

>
[annual purchases > 1000]

do/accum lifetime purchases

PlaceOrder ( )

>

Has [outstanding order] outstanding > order [No outstanding order]

Has no orders

>

>

2009 ar ?uGeysLwm*sme,f f

131

IT ysLwmtaxGa uGeProfessionalxG f

odrf;xm;zdkY&m vkyf,lzefwD;xm;wJht&m jzpfw,f/ xdk artifact twka,mifypönf; &JUstate eJY transitions awG[m tjyif wu,fhavmu customer &JU jyKrl vkyf aqmif r I actions eJ Y states awG u d k wduspGm a&mifjyef[yfEizYkd MudK;pm;w,f/ kd f 'D statechart diagram twGif;u transitions rsm;pGm[m jyify customer &JU vkyfaqmifrI action aMumifh trigger jzpf armif;jzKwf jzpfay:w,f/ trSm order wpfcjk yKvkyjf cif;uJoYkd jzpfygw,f/ tjcm; h transition awGuawmh RMO rS customer taMumif; xde;odr;xm;vdwhJ inf f k ternal information oufouftwGuf om tokH;jyKygw,f/ 132 uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

'D statechart [m customer wpf OD;&JU jzpfpOfudk systems &JU ½IaxmifhrS udk,fpm;jyKazmfjyw,f/ States awG[m RMO rS ajc&maumufvwhJ ta&;ygaom kd jzpfwnfaerI "states of being" jzpfyg w,f/ "zkef;ac:qdkjcif;" eJY "item wpfck jyefydkYjcif;" wdkYvdk states awGu ajc&m aumufzdkY&m ta&;BuD;wJh states awG r[kwfyg/ Statechart wpfck azmfxkwf&m rSm system wpfcku ajc&maumufzdkY&m ta&;BuD;wJh states awG qkH;jzwfzdkY analysis udk txl;*½k"r®xm;í vkyfzdkY&m vdk ygw,f/ Statechart development vrf ; nTef guidelines rsm;udk a&SUvrSm qufí

thread:

wifqufoGm;ygr,f/ vIyf&Sm; ouf0ifvsuf&Sdonfh vrf;aMumif; path wpfck/ txl; ojzifh path rsm;pGm wpfûydifwnf; ouf0ifEkdifonfhtcg wnf&Sdvm onf/

Synchrorization pseudostate: transition wpfckrS threads rsm;pGmokdY cJGxGufEkdifaom okdYr[kwf thread

wpfcwnf;okYd jyefaygif;Ekiaom yGKd ifh k d f trSwfukd nTefjyonfh axmifvdkuf rsOf;xl/
Modula-2

Premiere

Quick Text Tutorials
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6. Computer pmvHk;rsm;udk

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Munfhay;yg/ 134 uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

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15. zefw;xm;aom Effect rsm;udk VCD/ D DVD Format rsm; xkwf,l toHk;jyK Munfhygr,f/ DVD Format VOB extension jzifh xkwf,lvdkygu File > Export > Export to DVD udk a&G;cs,fEkdifygw,f/ DVD Setting ae&mwGif Disc/Folder / ISO Image taejzifh a&G;EkdifjyD; video qualit rsm; a&G;cs,fcsifygu Encoding tab rS setting wGif click ESdyfay;yg/ Video Setting taejzifNTSC/PAL ajymif; h EkdifjyD; pixel Ration taejzifh 4: 3: dk f 16:9 wdYk a&G;cs,fEiygw,f/ prf;oyf toH;jyKMunfyg/ VCD format tae k h jzifh toHk;jyKvkdygu Adobe Media Encoder uda&G;yg/ MPEG1 rS VCD k format jzpfí MPEG2 rSm DVD Format jzpfygw,f/

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flash drive, removable USB hard drive wyfjyD;awmh yHkrsm;

oifhpm;yGJay:u "mwfyHkabmifav;

Picture Format JPEG/BMP

Video Format M-JPEG playback

Rotate Left/right Rotate image counter-clockwise 90°/180°/270°

Multi-language: English, Simplified/Traditional Chinese, Spanish French, German, Dutch, Italian

Audio Format MPEG/WMA

Infrared remote control

on/off display timer

Clock and calendar display

MP3 Music background

USB link to your computer

digital TFT LCD 4/3, 1024x768 resolution

Display photos continuously or randomly

Main function buttons on body and

2009 ar ?uGeysLwm*sme,f f

uGeysLwmoifcef;pm f

135

Q &A

uGefysLwm tar;? tajz
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KillVBS.vbs awG rsm;aejyD

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136

uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

uGeysLwmtaxGaxG f - Internet Explorer (Title and Start Page) &JU parameters udk zsufygw,f/ Oyrm HKEY_CURRENT _ USER\ Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main uStart Page odYk r[kwf tcsuf tvufrsm;udk zsufwmyg/ - 'DvdkzdkifawG&dSaejyDqdk&if uGefysLwmudk zGifhvdkufwdkif; odkYr[kwf partition wpfck odYkr[kwf external disk udk zGivuwi; hf kd f kd f Adkif;&yfpfu tvdktavsmuf ul;pufysHUae ygjyD/ - ¤if;onf registry wGif zdkifudk wnf aqmufvdkufygw,f/ Oyrm HKEY_
CURRENT_MACHINE\ Software\ Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion \ Run wGif MS32DLL.dll. vbs qdkjyD;

(3) Temporarily Disable Real Time
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MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\ Windows\ Current Version\Winlog on wGif Shell --- <System>\ wscript. exe <System>\ killVBS.vbs jzpfyg w,f/ Value trSeu Shell - (REG SZ) f - explorer.exe yg/ - <System>\userinit.exe ae&mudk vnf; Userinit - <System> \wscript. exe <System>\killVBS.vbs vdkY tpm;

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CCleaner eJY r&Sif;cif browser tm;vHk;udk ydwfxm;yg/ aqmhzf0Judk run vdkufyg/ Windows eJY applications (box) tm;vHk;udk trSwfjcpf a&G;cs,fyg/ tenf;qHk;ESpfMudrf jyKvkyfay;yg/

(5) SuperAntiSpyware Home
Edition Free Version SuperAntiSpyware udk download

xdk; vdkufygw,f/

cs&,lyg/ aqmhzf0JudkwifjyD;vQif uGefysL wmwGif scan (Perform Complete Scan) vkyfyg/ (6) Update your Java Runtime Environment Malware trsKd;tpm; trsm;pkonf Java versions rsm;ud k toH k ; cswwf ygw,f/ odkYjzpfí vuf&dSoHk;aewJh Java version udk update vkyfoifhygw,f/ Oyrm 'Verify Java Version' link cvkwf udk uvpfvkyfyg/ New version udk wifjyD;&if Control Panel u Add or Remove Programs rSm Java old version udk uninstall vkyfvdkufyg/

2009 ar ?uGeysLwm*sme,f f

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138

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uGeysLwmoifcef;pm f ay;EdkifjyD;table vdkif;rsm;udk ta&mifpHkjzifh a&;qGJEdkifonf/ Draw Table (icon) udk armufpuvpfvyjf yD; qufvufa&;qGEif f k J kd ovdk Eraser (icon) udk uvpfvkyfjyD; rvdcsionftydi;udk jyefzsuEiygonf/ k f h k f f kd f - Alt+N+TD uD;cvkwfrsm;udkoHk;jyD; armufpfjzifh manually a&;qGJEdkifonf/ enf;vrf; (6) - Excel Spreadsheet udk uvpfvkyf zGifhjyD; Excel rSm uJhodkY table udk wnf aqmufEdkifonf/ Table udk csKHUEdkif csJUEdkif onf/ ¤if;wGif yHk&dyf image udk oHk;ae& ouJhodkY jzpfonf/ oifonf table wpfcukd k tjrefwnfaqmufvonftcg Quick kd h Tables udk oH;Edionf/ Quick Table... k k f (icon) udk uvpfvkyfyg/ odkYr[kwf (Alt+N, TT) cvkwrsm;udk Edyyg/ Builtf Sf In (menu box) ay:vmygrnf/ ¤if;wGif MudKwif wnfaqmufxm;onfh table trsK;d rsK;d udk awG&ygrnf/ ¤if;udk jyifEijf y;D U kd oifh ud,yif table wpfctjzpf k f kd k odrf;xm;Edkifonf/ csif;) a&;qGJEdkifonf/ Row jzpfap? column jzpfap armufpfjzifhqGJjyD; table wpfcjk zpfatmif qufpyfEionf/ ¤if;wGif kd f armufpfjrm;OD;onf cJwHyHkodkY ajymif;oGm; jyD; pmrsufESmay:wGif av;axmifhuGuf wpfccsif; a&;qGEionf/ Table tuGuf k J kd f wpfcktwGif; aemufxyf table i,fwpfck xyfrqEijf yD; rsOf;rsm;udvnf; a&;qGEif H JG kd k J kd ygonf/ - xdkodkY manually qGJ&mwGif rMudKuf ygu Ctrl+Z udk wpf csucsi;Edyjf cif;jzifh f f S jyefazsmufEdkifonf/ - xdkodkY Draw Table udk a&G;cs,fxm; onftcsewiWord 2007 Ribbon onf h df Gf yHkpHajymif;aeonfudk jrif&ygrnf/ txl; ojzifh Shading ESifh Borders rsm;udk ta&mifpkH odYk r[kwf yHptrsK;rsK;odYk ajymif; k H d d qGJEdkifonf/ vdkif;tus,fudk owfrSwf enf;vrf; (7) - Quick Tables udkoHk;jyD; MudKwifwnf aqmufay;xm;onfh table templates rsm;udk oH;Edionf/ txl;ojzifh jyu©'e?f k k f d pm&if;Z,m;udk wnfaqmufEdkifonf/ xdoYkd MudKwif&xm;onfh table template k Sd udk ,loHk;aomaMumifh Quick Tables [k ac:jcif;jzpfonf/ - Insert Table (menu) atmuf&Sd Quick k f Table... (icon) udk uvpfvyyg/ BuiltIn (menu box) ay:vmjyD; ¤if;rS calendar odYk r[kwf table wpfccukd uvpfvyf k k k a&G;cs,fyg/ - oifhpmrsufESmay:odkY tqdkyg table a&mufvmygrnf/ ¤if;wGif oifonf
Command
Select next cell Select previous cell Move to first cell in a row Move to last cell in a row Move to last cell in a column Move to first cell in a column Create new paragraphs in a cell Insert tabs in a cell

Table \ tay:q;Hk aumfvwpfae&may:oYkd H

armufpumqmudk a&TMU unhyg/ armufpf f f umqmonf trJa&mif jrm;uav;tjzpf ajymif;oGm;ygvrrnf/ tqdyg jrm;yHjk zifh d hf k armufpukd Edyfxm;jy;D drag vkyjf cif;jzifh f S tjcm; aumfvHwpfck odkYr[kwf aumfvH rsm;tm; select vkya&G;cs,Eionf/ f f kd f Row udvnf; tqdygenf;jzifh a&G;cs,f k k Edifonf/ b,fbuf rm*siay:oYkd umqm k f wifjy;D trJa&mif jrm;av;ay:vmygu row udk a&G;cs,Eiygonf/ f kd f pmom;? udef;*Pef;rsm;udk jyifqifEdkif onf/ xnfhEdkifonf/ rvdktyfvQif zsuf Edkifygonf/ - xkdYodkYjyKvkyfjyD;ygu ¤if;table udk save vkyfodrf;xm;Edkifonf/ vdktyfygu ¤if; wGif pmom;? udef;*Pef;rsm;udk jyifqif jyD;aemuf table topfwpfctjzpf oH;Edif k k k onf/ txufazmfjyyg enf;vrf;wpfckck jzifh table udk wnfaqmufjyD;ygu Z,m; uGuftwGif; eHygwfrsm; xnfhEdkifygjyD/
Keyboard Shortcut
Tab Shift+Tab Alt+Home Alt+End Alt+PageDn Alt+PageUp Enter Ctrl+Tab

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rSwcsuf f
Row onf axmifvdkuf qJvftkyfpk (horizontally) jzpfjyD;column onf

tvsm;vdkuf qJvftkyfpkrsm;jzpfonf/ Table wnfaqmufykH enf;vrf;tm;vH;udk k vufawGUvkyaqmifjyD; oiftwGuf tjref f h qHk; odkYr[kwf tqiftajyqHk;[k qdkEdkif onfh enf;vrf;udk oHk;yg/
Table wGif a&Gajymif;jcif; U

pmrsufESmay:wGif yHkrSefpmpDjcif;ESifh table wnfaqmufum row, column, cell wdYk jziftvkyvy&jcif;onf rwlyg/ yHref h f k f k S pmpDjcif;wGif copy, move delete ponf vkyfief;pOfrsm;onf vG,fulonfudk odxm;jyD; jzpfygrnf/ Table wGif pm odkYr[kwf udef;*Pef;rsm;xnfhjyD;onfh tcg tenf;i,f½yaxG;rI jzpfEiygonf/ I f kd f tu,fí table (qJvf) tvGwf wpfuGufwGif pmom;½dkufxnfhjyD;ygu aemufqJvfuGufodkY ajymif;vdkvQif Tab key uD;onf taumif;qHk;jzpfonf/ qJvwpfuuwif pm½duxnfjh yD;onfEihf f G f G k f S Tab uD;udk EdSyfvdkufyg/ aemufqJvfwGif pm½dkuf&ef toifhjzpfaeygrnf/ xdkYtwl a&SU? aemuf? tay:? atmuf jrm;cvkwf av;ckonfvnf; table wGif tvGef toH; k 0ifonf/ aemufwpfenf;rSm armufpf insertion point udk vdktyfonfh qJvf uGuftwGif; csxm;ay;jcif; jzpfonf/

pm½dkufpOf a&SUqJvfodkY roGm;bJ aemufqJvfwpfckodkY jyefa&mufvdkygu Shift+ Tab uD;udk Edyvuyg/ odYk r[kwf S f kd f aemufjrm; (back arrow) cvkwfudk oHk;Edkifonf/ Alt+Home, Alt +End uD;cvkwrsm;udo;jyD; table twGi; row f k kH f wpfckwGif xdyfqHk; odkYr[kwf aemufqHk; qJvfodkY tjrefa&TUEdkifonf/ Alt+PageDn, Alt+ PageUp uD; cvkwfrsm;udkoHk;jyD; table \ aumfvH wpfcktwGif; xdyfqHk; odkYr[kwf atmuf qHk;qJvfodkY a&TUEdkifygonf/ Z,m;jzifh jyay;xm;aom keyboard shortcut rsm; udk prf;oyfoHk;Munhfyg/ rSwcsuf f owd xm;&eftcsufrsm;&dSonf/ Oyrmtm;jzifh qJvwpfuurS pmom;udzsuf&ef select f G f k vky&mü tjcm;qJvrsm;udyg select vkyf f f k rdygu tqdkygqJvftm;vHk;rS pmom; odkY r[kwf ude;*Pef;rsm;yg ysufom;ygvdrhf f G rnf/ Table ay: wpfae&m&modYk armufpf nmuvpfEyMf unhyg/ Table ESiywfouf Sd f hf onfh command rsm;pGmudk awGU&ygr,f/
Table wpfcrS tpdwtydi;rsm;udk k f kf Table udk select vkyf&mwGif

Split Cells (dialog box) onf qJvwpfcrS rows odkYr[kwf columns f k

ta&twGuukd wduspm cGxway;ygrnf/ f G J k f Text box xJodkY rows odkYr[kwf columns ta&twGuf xnfjh y; OK D (Enter) udk Edyvuyg/ oifonf Split S f kd f Cells trdeukd roH;rD aumfvH Yf k wpfcxufyjkd y;D select k vkya&G;cs,xm;ygu Split Cells f f command ray:awmhbJ Merge Cells om ay:ygvrrnf/ ¤if;onf d hf qJvuursm;udk jyefaygi;f ay;jcif;jzpfonf/ f G f vkyf&ygonf/ Table wGif select vkyf& onfrSm vG,fulonf/ ¤if;wGif keyboard commands rsm;xuf ribbon commands u ydkí tqifajyygonf/
Select table

a&G;cs,jf cif;
Table wGif copy, format, delete ponf jyKvkyfvdkygu yxrqHk; select

armufpumqmudk table wpfae&modYk f wifyg/ xdtcg table \ tay:qH; b,f k k bufaxmifhxdyfwGif av;axmifhyHk jrm;

Command
Select table

Ribbon Command
Table Tools / Layour---Select---Select Table

Keyboard Shortcut
Alt+JL, KT or Alt+5 (on the number pad, with Num-Lock off)

Select Column Select row Select cell

Table Tools / Layour---Select---Select Column Table Tools / Layour---Select---Select Row Table Tools / Layour---Select---Select Cell

Alt+JL, KC or Alt+Shift+PageDN Alt+JL, KR Alt+JL, KL

152

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uGeysLwmoifcef;pm f
Select column

oifonf vdi;f wpfviay:wif armufpf k kd f G umqmudk wifvdkuf onfhtcg umqm (cursor) onf jrm; OD;xdyEpzufyoYkd f S f kH ajymif;oGm;ygvrrnf/ Table \ row d hf odr[kwf column udk csK&ef ¤if;vdi;f udk Yk UH k armufpjf zifh Edyxm;jy;D drag qG,lyg/ S f J tpufyg aom vdi;f tjzpfajymif;oGm;um k oifvkcsionfh qJvtus,f t0ef;udk d f f jyKvyay;ygvrrnf/ kf d hf Muufajccwfo@mef cvkwfav;ay:ae onfudk jrif&ygrnf/ ¤if;onf Select Table cvkwfjzpfjyD; cvkwfudk armufpf jzifhzdxm;jyD; table wpfckvHk;udk oifvdk&m bufodkY a&TUEdkifygonf/

aumfvHwpfck\xdyfodkY armufpf umqmudk a&TUyg/ umqmonf teuf a&mifjrm;yHkodkY ajymif;oGm;ygvdrfhrnf/ yH k w G i f M unh f y g/ ¤if ; taetxm;wG i f uvpf w pf c suf E S d y f y gu aumf v H j rm; atmufzuf aumfvtm;vH;udk a&G;cs,fyg H k rnf/ armufpfudk zdxm;jyD; jrm;yHkudka&GU jcif;jzifh tjcm;aumfvHrsm;udk a&G;cs,fjyD; jzpfygrnf/
Select row

tjzLa&mif acgif;yGjrm;av;jzpfjyD; a&SUodkY tenf;i,f apmif;aeonf/ Table \ b,fbufab;odkY armufpfjrm;OD;csdef&m wGif tawGUtMuHKay:rlwnfjyD; teuf a&mifjrm;tjzpf cufcufcJcJ csdef&wwfyg onf/ armufpjf rm;OD;udk table vdi;ay:odYk k f yxrcsdefxm;jyD; nmbufodkY tenf;i,f a&TUvdkufyg/ ¤if;twGuf vufawGU prf; Munhfapvdkygonf/ (2) Table wGif a&G;cs,fvdkufonfh qJvf uGuftm; rD;ckd;a&mifjzifh jyygrnf/
Select cell

armuf p f u mqmonf table \ b,fbuftpGefwGif&dSonfhtcg teuf a&mif jrm;i,fav;o@efodkY ajymif;aeyg vdrfhrnf/ jrm;av;onf a&SUodkY 45 'D*&D apmif;aeonf/ ¤if;jrm;av;ay:onfh tcg uvpfwpfcsufEdSyfvQif jrm;&dSonfh qJvuuuselect vkyrnfjzpfjyD; uvpf f G f kd f ESpcsufEyvQif row wpfcv;tm; select f Sd f k kH vkyfygvdrfhrnf/ rSwfcsuf (1) armufpfumqm jrm;yHkonf rlvu

armufpfumqmudk rnfonfh qJvf uGuwirqdk b,fbufatmufaxmifoYkd f G f h csdenM§d unhyg/ umqmonf teufa&mif f f jrm;uav;tjzpf ajymif;oGm;jyD; ¤if;tae txm;wGif uvpfwpfcsufEdSyfygu tqdk ygqJvukd a&G;cs,jf cif;jzpfonf/ armufpf f udkqufvufzdxm;jyD; tjcm;qJvfrsm;udk a&G;cs,fEdkifonf/ tu,fí qJvfrsm;udk wpfqufwnf;r[kwfbJ wpfuGufausmf ponf a&G ; cs,f v d k y gu yxrqJ v f wpfuGuf t&ifa&G;cs,fjyD; Ctrl uD;udk

Command Insert row above Insert row below Insert column left Insert column right

Ribbon Command Table Tools/ Layout---Rows & columns --- Insert Above Table Tools/ Layout---Rows & columns --- Insert Below Table Tools/ Layout---Rows & columns --- Insert Left Table Tools/ Layout---Rows & columns --- Insert Right

Keyboard Shortcut Alt+JL, A Alt+JL, E Alt+JL, L Alt+JL, R

Command Merge cells Split cells Split table

Ribbon Command Table Tools / Layout---Merge---Merge Cells Table Tools / Layout---Merge---Split Cells Table Tools / Layout---Merge---Split Table

Keyboard Shortcut Alt+JL, M Alt+JL, P Alt+JL, Q

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EdSyfxm;yg/ jyD;vQif aemufwpfuGufudk ausmfjyD; a&G;cs,fEdkifygonf/
A quick triple-click quick triple-click onf qJvfwpf

rsm;twGif;rS udef;*Pef; odkYr[kwf pmom;rsm;udk yHkrSef Ctrl+C (to copy),
Ctrl+V (to paste), Ctrl+X (to cut)

enf;rsm;jzifh tvkyfvkyfEdkifygonf/

uGufcsif;udk a&G;cs,f&ef enf;vrf;jzpf onf/ uvpfESpfcsuf t&if jrefpGmEdSyfjyD; wwd,uvpfwif tcsetenf;i,fapmifh G d f jyD; armufpfudk zdxm;vdkufyg/ ¤if;qJvf wpfuGufudk a&G;cs,fvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/ vufawGUtm;jzifh tenf;i,f cufconf J udk awGU&ygonf/ Ctrl uD;udk EdSyfxm;jyD; triple-click jyKvkyfygu qJvfrsm;udk uGufMum; a&G; cs,fjcif;jzpfonf/ Table \ qJvfuGuf

qJvf (cell) rsm;udk aygi;f jcif; (merge) ESihf cGxwjf cif; (split) J k
Table udk oHk;&mü row, column qJvuursm;udk yHaor[kwbJ aygif;Edif f G f k f k onf/ odkYr[kwf cGJxkwfEdkifygonf/ ¤if;twGuf Word u vG,fulatmif jyKvkyfay;xm;onf/ Row ESihf Column rsm;udk xyfxnf&ef h odr[kwf zsu&ef trdersm;udk Table Yk f Yf Tools/ Layout/Rows & Columns tkypwif awGEiygonf/ Table twGi;f f k G U kd f insertion point udk ae&mcsxm;jy; ¤if; D

qJvuursm;udk aygi;f &ef f G f - aygif;vdkonfh qJvf (cells) ESpfuGuf odkYr[kwf qJvfuGufrsm;udk select vkyf a&G;cs,fyg/ - Ribbon wGif Layout (tab) odYk ajymif; jyD; Merge tkyfpkrS Merge Cells udk uvpfvyyg/ qJvwpfuuwnf;tjzpf k f f G f ajymif;oGm;ygrnf/ Shortcut key (Alt+ JL, M) jzpfygonf/ qJvrsm;udk cGxw&ef f J k f - cG J x k w f v d k o nf h qJ v f u G u f t wG i f ; insertion point udk xm;yg/ - Ribbon wG i f Layout (tab) od k Y ajymif;jyD;Merge tkyfpkrS Split Cells udk uvpfvkyfyg/ tqdkyg qJvfuGuf qJvf ESpfuGuftjzpf ajymif;oGm;ygrnf/Shortcut key (Alt+JL, P) jzpfonf/
Column Width ESifh Row Height udk

tkyprS trdeYf wpfccukd uvpfvyf oH;k fk kk k Ediygonf/ kf zdxm;jyD; vdk&mbuf (b,f odkYr[kwf nmbuf) odkY drag qGJyg/ rSwcsuf f xdoYkd jyKvkyjf yD;csewif rvdtyfawmh k d f G k ygu Ctrl+Z uD;cvkwuEyjf yD; rlvtae f kd Sd txm;odkYjyefxm;Edkifygonf/ ¤if;onf aumfvHwpfck \ tus,f (width) udkom csdefnd§jcif;jzpfonf/ aumfvHtm;vHk;udk wpfjydKifeuf a&TUvdkyg u Shift uD;udk EdSyfxm;&ygrnf/ oif onf qJvfESpfuGufudkom oD;jcm; a&TUvdk ygu ¤if;qJvfuGufrsm;tm; select vkyf a&G;cs,fxm;jyD; a&TUEdkifonf/ xdkodkYqJvf uGufrsm;udk a&TUjcif;jzifh table wGif yHkpH taetxm;vnf; ajymif;oGm;ygvdrrnf/ hf Row \tjrif(height) udk csen&ef h d f §d txufygenf;twdkif;jzpfonf/ Row wpf v k d i f ; ud k armuf p f u mqmwif u m armufpukd Edyxm;jyD; atmufoYkd qGcsJUEdif f S f J k onf odkYr[kwf tay:odkYwifEdkifygonf/ odkY&mwGif aumfvHudkcsJUjcif;xuf tcGifh ta&;enf;onfudk awGU&ygonf/ aemufwpfcsufonf qJvwpfcwif f k G pmom;½dkufxnfh&mü tqdkygpmvHk;\ t&G,ftpm;udkvdkufum qJvfuGufonf

Table wGif row wpfvif; xyfjznf&ef kd h

vG,uljy;D tqifh ESpqifhom &dSygonf/ f f armufpfumqmudk table \ b,fbuf rm*sivi;f tjyifbuf odYk a&TjU y;D f kd uvpf vkyyg/ ¤if; row wpfvif;udk f kd a&G;cs,jf y;D jzpfygrnf/ a&G;cs,xm;onfh f roway:wif armufpnmuvpfEyjf y; G f Sd D ay:vmonfh shortcut menu wGif Insert udk a&G;cs,yg/ xdtcg Insert f k
Rows Below, Insert Rows Above ponf menu rsm; ay:vmjy;D ¤if;rS xyfw;kd

csdefnd§jcif;
Table wGifyg&dSaom aumfvHrsm;\ tus,Eihf twef;vduf row \ tjrifukd f S k h

vdkonfh trdefYudk uvpfvkyfvdkufyg/ aumfvuktvnf; tqdyg enf;jzifh H d k wd;k csEiygonf/ JU kd f 154 uGefysLwm*sme,f? 2009 ar

pdwfMudKufcsdefnd§ay;Edkifonf/ aumfvH (column) wpfck\ tus,f (width) udk csdefnd§&efrSm armufpfumqmudk table \ axmifvdkufvdkif;wpfvdkif;ay:odkY wifyg/ xktcg umqmonf rsO;ESpvi;wGif jrm; d f f kd f wpfzufpxuaeonfh yHpoYkd ajymif;oGm; D G f k H ygrnf/ ¤if;taetxm;wGif armufpfudk

uGeysLwmoifcef;pm f
Row rsm;udk xyfrH wd;csUJ k

jcif;

enf;vrf;rsm;
Table wpfckwGif tpOD;ü row ESifh column udk ta&twGuf tenf;i,fom

ay;jyD; aemufxyf vdktyfovdk wdk;csJUEdkif onf/ enf;vrf; (1) Tab cvkwfudk qufwdkufEdSyfMunhf yg/ aemufqHk; row ESifh column odkY a&mufonfhtcg Tab udk qufEdSyfygu aemuf row topfwpfvdkif; ay:vmyg rnf/ enf;vrf; (2) armufpfumqmudk xyfwdk;vdkonfh row \ nmbufjyifyab;wGif uyfí wnfxm;yg/ Enter uD;udk EdSyfvdkufyg/ Row topfwpfvdkif; xyfrHwdk;vmyg rnf/ vdktyfonfh row vdkif;ab;wGif armufpfumqmudk csdefyg/ enf;vrf; (3) vuf&o;aeonfh table wGif wd;csUJ Sd kH k vdkaom ta&twGuftwdkif; (row ESifh column) udk highlight vkyfa&G;cs,fyg/ xdkYaemuf table \ atmufqHk;xdyf ae&m

Table twGif; zsufvdkonfh qJvfwGif armufpfumqmudk wnfvdkufyg/ Ribbon wGif Layout (tab) odYk ajymif;jy; 'Rows & Columns' tkyprS Delete cvkwfudk uvpf D f k vkyyg/ xdtcg Delete Cells, Delete Columns, Delete Rows, Delete Table f k vm;[k ar;yg vdrrnf/ ¤if;rS Delete Cells udk a&G;cs,ygonf/ hf f

jrifhoGm;jcif;? us,fvmjcif;udkvnf; jzpf apygonf/
Column ESihf Row rsm;udk

xyfrjH znfxnfjh cif; (1) h
Table wpfckudk wnfaqmufjyD; toHk;jyKae&mrS rvHkavmufí rows ESifh columns rsm; xyfrHjznfh&ef taMumif; ay:vmwwfonf/ tcsKdUpm&if;Z,m;rsm; udk table vkyfa&;qGJ&mwGifrows rnfrQ? columns rnfrQxm;&rnfudk rodEdkifyg/ rnfodkYyifjzpfap Word onf row ESihf column wd;csUJ jcif; odYkr[kwf jyefzsuf k rsm;twG u f vG , f u l t qif a jyap&ef jyKvkyfay;xm;ygonf/ Word 2007 \ ribbon ay:rS cvkwfrsm;udk toHk;jyKjcif; jzifh aqmif&GufEdkifovdk uD;bkwf shortcuts rsm;udkvnf; oHk;Edkifonf/ Table ay:odYk armufpnmuvpfEyvQif ay:vm f Sd f wwf o nf h pop-up menu ud k v nf ; oHk;Edkifygonf/ Row odYk r[kwf column rsm; wd;csJU k jcif;twGuf yxrtqihrm table twGi; f S f insertion point udk ae&mcsxm;jcif; jzpfonf/ 'kw,tqifwif ribbon \ Table d h G Tools/Layout (tab) &dS Rows & Columns tkyfpkrS trdefYwpfckckudk a&G;cs,f&yg

rnf/Word onf tqdkyg insertion point udk &nfnTef;ae&mtjzpfowfrSwf jyD; ¤if;ae&mrS rnfonfhbufodkYrow odkYr[kwf column tm; wdk;csJUvdkonfudk ar;ygrnf/ odYk r[kwf azmfjyay;xm;onfh trdefY (icon) udk a&G;cs,fEdkifygonf/ xdkYtwl qJvf (cell) wpfckcsif;udk (delete) jzifh jyefzsufEdkifonf/ Rows odYkr[kw?f columns odYkr[kw?f table wpfck vHk;udkvnf; vG,fulpGm zsufEdkifygonf/
Delete Cells (box) ay:vmjy; rnfonfh D qJvuuf jzpfonfukd xyfrH ar;ygrnf/ f G

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uGufom ysufoGm;wwfygonf/ Table wpfcv;tm; zsuf&jcif;onf tvG,q; k kH f kH [kqdkEdkifonf/Table twGif; wpfae&m wG i f armuf p f u mqmud k csxm;yg/ Ribbon wGif Layout (tab) odYk ajymif;jyD; Rows & Columns tkyfpkrS Delete (icon) udk uvpfvkyfvdkufyg/ odkYr[kwf Alt+JL+DT uD;cvkwfrsm;udk EdSyfyg/
Cells rsm;udk delete vkyf zsujf cif; Cells rsm;udk zsuf&mwGif table \

a&G;cs,jf y;D OK udk Edyygonf/ xdtcg table \ 'kw, row &dS S f k d aemufq;kH qJvuuf ysuom;onfukd awG&yg rnf/ f G f G U wGif armufpumqmwnfjyD; Enter uD;udk f EdSyfvdkufyg/
Word ribbon wGif avhvm &ef Table wpfckudk tMurf;xnf wnf aqmufjyD;onfhtcg Word 2007 \ ribbon ay:wGif options rsm;pGmudk awGU& ygrnf/ ¤if; options rsm;twdkif; uD; (command) onf row, column, cell wdkYudk wdk;ay;Edkifygonf/ Ribbon wGif table ESifhywfoufonfh trdefYrsm;pGmudk

'Shift cells left' udk

awGUEdkifonf/
Cells, Rows, Columns ESihf Tables rsm;udk delete vkyzsujf cif; f Table wGif row ESifh column rsm;

twGi; wpfae&mrS qJvwpfuuukd zsuf f f G f onfhtcg ab;rSqJvfuGufu ae&m,l vdkufjcif;aMumifh aemufqHk;qJvfuGuf ysufoGm;onf[k xif&ygrnf/ Delete Cells [k trdefYay;vdkufvQif odkYr[kwf (Alt + JL, DD) uD;cvkwrsm;udk EdyvQif f S f Delete Cells (box) ay:vmjyD; rnfonfh ae&mu qJvfudk qGJ,ltpm;xkd;rnf (a&TUajymif;rnfudk) ar;ygvdrfhrnf/ rSwcsuf f qJvwpfcukd a&G;cs,f jyD; uD;bkwrS f k f Delete uD;cvkwfudkEdSyfjcif;onf ¤if; qJvfxJrS tcsuftvufrsm;udk zsufjcif; omjzpf o nf / qJ v f u G u f u d k z suf j cif ; r[kwfyg/ Delete (command) rsm;ESifh ywfoufí Z,m;jzifh jyay;xm;ygonf/

bkwfwGifvnf; nDwlnDrQ oHk;Edkifonf/ Z,m;jzifh jyay;xm;aom keyboard command rsm;udk avhvmMunfhyg/ xdYk twl table twGi; wpfae&mwGif f armufpfnmuvpfEdSyfjyD; ay:vmaom shortcut menu rS trdeYf rsm;udk wpfccsi; k f prf;oyfMunhapvdygonf/ Oyrm Insert f k

udk zsuf&onfrSm vG,fulonf/ odkY&m wGif cell wpfckcsif;udk zsuf&onfrSm tenf;i,fcufaeygrnf/ txl;ojzifh table \ tv,fae&mrS qJvfwpfckudk zsuf&onfrSm tqifajyrnf r[kwfyg/ qdkvdkonfrSm tv,frS qJvfysufoGm; onfhtpm; row \ aemufqHk;rS qJvf

Command

Ribbon Command

Keyboard Shortcut

Delete table Delete columns Delete rows Delete cells

Table Tools/ Layout---Rows & columns --- Delete---Delete Table Table Tools/ Layout---Rows & columns --- Delete---Delete Columns Table Tools/ Layout---Rows & columns --- Delete---Delete Rows Table Tools/ Layout---Rows & columns --- Delete---Delete Cell

Alt+JL, DT Alt+JL, DC Alt+JL, DR Alt+JL, DD

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Java Developer Guide
8.1 READING AND WRITING DATA USING JDBC <JAVA DATABASE CONNECTIVITY> uReawmfwUkd ta&SUoifcef;pmawGrm pmzwfol awGUjrifoif f S Mum;cJh&wJh oifcef;pmawGtNyD;rSm tck DataBase oifcef;pmeJY ywfoufNyD;awmhrS qufvuf oifMum; ydYk csay;ygr,f/ 'DtcgrSm uReawmfwYkd oifMum;&r,fh ta&;MuD;wJh Class Library uawmh f Java DataBase Connectivity (JDBC) vdkYac:wJh Class Library ygyJ/ 'D Class Library uawmh Java Programs awGudk Relational DataBase yHkpHrsKd;eJY Sybase, Oracle, Informix and Other Sources awGudk trSDjyKNyD;awmhrS toHk;cs zefwD;Edkif ygw,f/ 'D Class Library [m DataBase Sources awGudk csdwfqufNyD;awmhrS toHk;csEdkifatmif Bridge tjzpf aygif;ul; ozG,f toH;csay;EdiwhJ Class Library qd&ifvnf; rrSm;ygbl;/ k k f k tckvuf&dS oifcef;pmrSmawmh uReawmftaeeJY atmufyg oifcef; f h pmawGudk t"dutcsuftvuftaeeJY avhvm MunfhMu&atmif vm;/
Using JDBC drivers to work with different relational DataBases Accessing a DataBase with Structure Query Language (SQL) Setting up a JDBC data source Reading records from a DataBase using SQL and JDBC Adding records to a DataBase using SQL and JDBC

tm;jzifh ,aeYacwfrSm toHk;rsm;aewJh Web-Based Application tydkif;awGrSm t"duxm; toHk;jyKMuygw,f/ 'Dawmh Web udk tajcjyKNyD;awmhrS avhvmMunfhMu&atmif/ k k pmzwfol[m Web udk toH;jyKNyD;awmhrS vdtyfcsufawGukd Surf vkyaew,fq&if tJ'g[m wpfzufuMunf&ifawmh Cilent f kd h Program udk toHk;jyKaew,fvdkY qdkEdkifygw,f/ 'DtcgrSm Web Browser uae request vkyfvkdufwJh Web Pages udk Uniform Resource Locator (URL) twdkif; csdwfqufNyD;awmh Server twGif;rSm vdkufvH &SmazGygw,f/ &SmazG awGU&SdNyDqdk&if awmh URL uae nTefjyaewJhAddress twdkif; Cilent bufudk jyefvnf ay;ydkYvdkufygw,f/ 'g[m Cilent/Server Application &JUoabmw&m;udk tMurf;zsif; &Si;vif; wifjyay;wmygyJ/ f DataBase Application awGudk a&;om; toHk;jyKNyDqdk&if roHk;rjzpf toHk;cs&rSmuawmh DataBase Language ygyJ/ 'D ae&mrSm toH;csrtrsm;qH;taeeJY toH;jyKMuwmuawmh Struck I k k ture Query Language vdkYac:wJh SQL ygyJ/ DataBase Programming eJY ywfoufNyD;awmhrS toH;jyK wnfaqmufawmhr,f k qdk&if SQL udk roHk;rjzpf toHk;jyKNyD;awmhrS Query awGwnf aqmufwm? qGxwwm tp&SwmawGukd jyKvky&rSmyg/ 'gaMumifh J k f d f 'D Language udk DataBase-Querying Language vdkYvnf; ac:a0:Muygao;w,f/ Java Programmer awGtaeeJU DataBase Programming vkyfawmhr,f qdkawmh DataBase_File udk csdwfqufEdkif zdYk JDBC Class Library udk ac:,lNyD;awmhrS toH;jyKawmhr,fqkd k awmh rygrjzpf SQL Statements udk toHk;jyKNyD;awmhrS zefwD; a&;om;&rSmyg/ 'Dawmh JDBC Class Library u bmawG zefw; D ay;EdkifovJqdkwmudk avhvmMunfhMu&atmifvm;/
Making a connection to a DataBase Creating a statement using SQL Executing that SQL query in the DataBase View the resulting records uJ 'DtcsufawG[m JDBC Class Library yg0ifwJh java. sql package xJrSm yg0ifwJh tcsuftvufawGygyJ/

uJ 'DtcsufawGukd tus,fw0ifh &Si;vif; wifjyr,fq&if f kd awmfawmfav;udrS tcsde,&ygvdrr,f/ 'gaMumifh ta&;MuD;wJh k f l hf oifcef;pmawGudkyJ t"duxm;NyD;awmh Programs_Type awG a&;om;NyD;awmhrS &Sif;vif;ay;yghr,f/
JAVA DataBase Connectivity (JDBC) tck oifMum;ay;&r,fh JDBC Class Library udk toHk; jyK&mrSmawmh t"dutm;jzifh JAVA Language udk toHk;jyKNyD; awmhrS Cilent/ Server DataBase Application awGudk Developed vkyf&mrSm t"dutm;jzifh toHk;jyKygw,f/ Cilent / Server DataBase System eJY ywfoufvdkYuawmh t"du

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DataBase Driver

tck azmfjycJhwJh tcsuftvufawGudk toHk;jyKNyD;awmhrS
DataBase Program awGukd zefw;r,f/ NyD;awmhrS SQL StateD ments udktoHk;NyKNyD;awmhrS Processing and Resulting Data

awG vkyfMunfhr,fqdk&if vkyfief;cGifawGrSm trSefwu,f toHk; 0ifwJh DataBase_File awGudk zefwD;vdkY &EdkifNyDayghaemf/ 'g[m trSewu,fq&if JDBC Class Library aMumifh tvG,wul f kd f tqifajywmqd&ifvrrSm;ygbl;/ wpfenf;ajym&&ifawmh JDBC k J [m Java Application awGeJU Microsoft Access uJhodkYaom DataBase Programming Language awGudk aygif;ul; csdwf k qufay;aewJh DataBase - Accessing Libraries qd&ifvJ rrSm; ygbl;/ tJ'vygyJ JDBC uJoYkdaom DataBase vkyief;pOfawGrm hD kd h f S taxmuftul ay;aewmuawmh ODBC ygyJ/ 'Dawmh ODBC qdkwm bmvJqdkawmh Open DataBase Connectivity qdkwmyJ jzpfygw,f/ ODBC eJY ywfoufvdkY ta&;MuD;w,fvdkY qdkEdkifyg w,f/ bmaMumifhvJqdkawmh t&ifOD;qHk; DataBase System udk zefwD;EdkifzdkYtwGuf atmufygtcsufawGeJY tqifhqifh wnf aqmuf&wmyg/ (1) Relational DataBase Language. Oyrm- MS Access,
MS Excel, Pardox, FoxPro, SQL, Text Data File (Notepad) tp&SdwJh Language wpfckckeJY Data Source_File

Figure 8.1

View in the Control Panel Dialog Box

wpfckudk wnfaqmufvdkufyg/ (2) tJ'Dh Create vkyfxm;wJh DataBase File < OR > Data Source_File udk SQL vdkYac:wJh Structure Query Lank f k k guage qdwhJ Language eJY csdwqufNyD; toH;jyKEdif atmif pDpOf&rSmygyJ/ (3) NyD;&if DataBase Driver eJY csdwfqufEdkifzdkYtwGuf Setting up vkyf&ygr,f/ JD BC eJY Connectivity vkyfwJh tcgrSm Control Panel xJuae vkyf&ygr,f/ 'grSom Java Language eJY cswqufNyD;awmhrS tvkyvywtcgrSm d f f k f hJ tqifajyEdkifrSmyg/ 'Dawmh Control Panel xJudk oGm;NyD; awmhrS Data Source_File udk Connect vkyfEdkifzdkYtwGuf atmufrSm a&;jyxm;wmudk avhvmMunfhMu&atmif/
Start → Setting → ControlPanel → Performances and Maintenance → Administrative Tools →Data Source (ODBC) udk oGm;NyD;awmhrS D - Click acgufNyD;awmhrS zGifhvdkufyg/ wpfck ajymp&m &Sdwmuawmh 'D Control Panel &JUjrifuGif;udk Classic View tjzpf jrifawGUae&wJhtcsdefrSmyg yJ/ Figure 8.1 taeeJY azmfjyay;xm;ygw,f/ tck jrifawGUae&wJh ControlPanel jrifui;uaeNyD;awmhrS G f Pick a Category qdkwJh pmom;atmufrSm&SdwJh txJurS Performances and Maintenance qkdwmudk a&G;cs,fjyD;awmhrS Click vkyvuyg/ f kd f

Figure 8.2 (a)

Click the Administrative Tools, Connect the ODBC Data Source Administrator

uJ tJ'DtcgrSm pmzwfol[m tck tay:rSm azmfjyxm;cJh ovdkygyJ/ Figure 8.2 (a) rSm azmfjyxm;wJhtwdkif; jrifawGU&rSm ygyJ/ 'Dawmh pmzwfotaeeJY yGivmwJh Dialog Box &JU atmuf l hf bufem;avmufrSm yg0ifwJh Administrative Tools qdkwmudk 1 - Click acgufvuygvm;/ [kwNf yDaemf/ 'DtcgrSmawmh atmuf kd f rSm jrifawGU&wJhtwdkif; Administrative Tools Dialog_Box [m yGifhvmygNyD/ avhvmMunfhvdkufyg/ 'g[m uRefawmf tay:rSm ajymxm;cJhovdkygyJ/ omref User awG oHk;pGJaeMujzpfwJh ControlPanel &JU Category jrif uGif;ygyJ/ 'gayr,fh tcsKdUaom User awGuawmh Control Panel xJrmoGm;NyD;awmhrS rdrpwMf udKuf Setting twdi; jyifqif S d d k f xm;wwfygw,f/ Oyrm- Fonts awG xyfrHjznfhoGif;wm? rvdk tyfwJh Program awG Remove vkyfwm tp&SdwmawGvkyf&if

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uG e f y sLwmoif c ef ; pm

Figure 8.2 (b)

Click the Data Sources (ODBC) Shortcut in the Administrative Tools

Figure 8.4

Click the System DSN Tab in the ODBC Source Administrator

vG,fulatmifvdkY Switch to Classic View qdkNyD;awmhrS ajymif; xm;wwfMuygw,f/ wu,fvdkY pmzwfol[m ControlPanel &JU View udk Classic View tjzpf ajymif;xm;NyDqdk&ifawmh atmufygtwdkif; ControlPanel xJudk oGm;NyD;awmhrS Munfh vdkuf&if atmufygtwdkif; awGUjrif&rSmygyJ/

txm;rsKd;eJY ODBC udk &,lcsifw,fqdk&ifawmh atmufyg twdkif; zefwD; &,lEdkifygw,f/ avhvmMunfhyg/ Start → Run udk awmif;vdkufyg/ 'DtcgrSm usvmwJh Run Dailog Box xJrSm&SdwJh Open qdkwJh Text_Box ae&mrSm atmufygtwdkif; ½kdufoGif;vdkufyg/
odbcad32.exe

uJ NyD;&ifawmh OK Button udk ESdyfvdkuf&ifawmh tvG,f wulygyJ DataSources ODBC [m yGifhvmrSmyg/ 'g[m ODBC Data Sources udk csdwfquf ac:,lvdkuf wmyg/ Program awGudk vufawGU a&;om; toHk;cswJhtcgrsKd; Mu&if csdwqufwwfatmif a&;om;ay;aewmygyJ/ tJ'hD Chapf ter awGMu&ifvnf; jyefvnf &Sif;vif; wifjyay;ygOD;r,f/ 'Dawmh tck cswqufaewJh ODBC Data Sources udk bmaMumifh d f csdwfquf&ovJqdkwmudk avhvmMu&atmifvm;/
The JDBC - ODBC Bridge Connections uJ JDBC - ODBC Connections udk bmaMumifh

Figure 8.3

Click the Administrative Tools, in the Control Panel

uJ yHkrSm jrifawGUae&wJhtwdkif; ControlPanel xJu Administrative Tools udk D-Click acgufvu&if tJ'rm jrifawGU kd f D S &wJtwdi; xyfrNH yD;awmhrS Windows wpfck xyfryivmrSmyg/ h k f H G hf tJ'DxJurS Data Source (ODBC) qdkwmudk a&G;cs,fNyD; awmhrS D-Click acgufvdkufyg/ [kwfNyDaemf/ uJ tck a&;cJhwmuawmh Control Panel xJu Administrative Tools udk a&G;cs,Nf yD;awmhrS zGivpwhJ taetxm;udk hf S f pmzwfotm; wifjyxm;wmygyJ/ pmzwfo&UJ Computer xJrm&Sd l l S wJh taetxm;twdi; teD;pyfq;jzpfatmif wifjyay;xm;wmrdYk k f kH tvG,fwulyJ zefwD; &,lEdkifMuygvdrfhr,f/ wu,fvdkYrsm; pmzwfoltaeeJY tJ'Dxuf vG,fulwJh tae

csdwf quf ac:,l&ovJqdkwmudk &Sif;jyay;yghr,f/ pmzwfol[m Data Source_File udk zefwD;xm;ayr,fh Java Programming Language udk toH;jyKNyD;awmhrS cswqufr,fq&if JDBC k d f kd - ODBC taeeJU Bridge Connection vkyfcJhrSomvQif Program udk Compile & Run vkyfNyD;awmhrS csdwfquf tvkyfvkyf vdYk &Edirmyg/ Bridge Connection rvkycb;qdk &ifawmh Data k f S f hJ l Source_File udk vSrf;ac:NyD;awmhrS toHk;jyKvdkY r&Edkifawmhyg bl;/ Error wufvmrSmyg/ Note : aemufwpfcsufuawmh pmzwfol[m Visual Basic 6.0 Programming Language udk toHk;jyKzl;w,f qd&if? DataBase Programming vkyz;w,fq&if k f l kd Data Source_File udk t&ifqHk; zefwD;&wmudk pmzwfoltaeeJY oabmaygufrSmyg/ MS Access, 2009 ar ?uGefysLwm*sme,f 159

MS Excel, Foxpro, Pardox, DBASE , Text File (NotePad) tp&SwmawGeYJ toH;jyKNyD;awmhrS d k Data Source_File udk zefwD;&ygw,f/ jyD;&if awmh VisData udk toH;jyKjyD;awmhrS Data Source k udk Connection vSrf;NyD;awmhrS ,l &rSmyg/ tck Java Programming Language rS m vnf ; 'Dtwdkif;ygyJaemf/ Data Source_File udk vSrf; ,ljyD; cswqufEizYkd [m Visual Basic Language d f kd f rSmawmh Jet DataBase Engine udk toHk;jyK&jyD;

awmh Java Programming Language rSmawmh JBDC - ODBC Data Connection udk vSr;,l cswf f d quf&w,fvdkYyJ tvG,fwul rSwfxm;vdkufyg/ 'g[m a&;om;xm;wJh Data Sources udk csdwfqufEdkifzdkY twGuf a&;om; &Sif;vif;ay;wmygyJ/ 'Dawmh vufawGUtaeeJY Data Source_File udk zefw;NyD;awmhrS vufawGU cswqufr,f D d f qdk&ifawmh ydkNyD;awmhrS tqifajyvG,fulrSmyg/ 'Dawmh Chapter [8], Index 8.2 udk avhvmMunfhMu&atmifvm;/
KYAW ZAYAR LAY [ IT ENGINEERING ]

USB flash drive twGuf aqmhzf0Jav;awG pkMu&atmif
USB flash drive vdYk ac:ac:? Memory stick vdYk ajymajym?

tJ'D ypönf;av;awGudk toHk;rsm;vmygw,f/ uGefysLwmorm; wdkif; r&dSrjzpf drive av;wpfckvdkYawmif qdkMuygw,f/ USB flash drive 1GB &JU aps;EIef;u wpfaomif; rausmfawmhvdkY uRefawmfwdkY 0,fEdkifMuygjyD/ USB flash drive udk toHk;rsm; oavmuf Adkif;&yfpful;pufwJh jyóemudkvnf; trsm;pk cHaeMu &ygw,f/ 'Dawmh vdkvdkrnfrnf aqmhzf0Juav;rsm;udk pkjyD; umuG,fxm;Mur,f? ppfaq;Munhfr,fayghAsm/
USBInfo USBInfo (www.UsbFireInfo.com) udk USB devices

awG ppfaq;zdYk t"duxm; oH;Ediygw,f/ uGeysLwmrSm wyfxm; k k f f wJh USB device wpfck&JU Data Transfer Rate, Write Test Drive, Read Test Drive awGudk ppfEdkifygw,f/ tJ'D aqmhzf0J udk run vdkuf&if ay:vmwJh box awGxJu 'USB Drive View and Selection For Performance Test' udk t&ifMunhfyg/ ¤if; &JU 'Topology View of Connected USB Drives' rSm wyfqif EdiwhJ USB Controller awGukd jrif&ygr,f/ vuf&Sd wyfxm;wJh k f USB Drive twGuf teDa&mifoauFweJY port udk jyxm;yg w,f/ ¤if;udk a&G;cs,f uvpfvkyfvdkufyg/ Specific USB
Device Info and Selection For Performance Test (box) ay:vmygr,f/ Oyrm uRefawmfh&JU Toshiba trsKd;tpm; device taMumif;udk azmfjyay;xm;ygw,f/ 'SWITCH to Parent USB Device to Test This Device' udk qufjyD;EdSyfvdkufyg/ oifh USB Device twGuf tao;pdwf tcsuftvufrsm;udk ppfaq;

Drives rsm;udkvnf; ppfaq;Edkifygw,f/ 'ghtjyif Process, Tools, Immunity, FixSystem, Settings aqmif&GufcsufawG

uvnf; &mcdiEe;jynfh atmifjrifatmif jyKvkyray;Edionfwif k f I f f k f h kd pdwfauseyfzG,f jzpfapygr,f/
FireLite Virus Scanner 2.7

ay;ygvdrhfr,f/
USB Virus Scan v2.3 USB Virus Scan, Inc. (www.USBVirus.com) Copyright (C) 2006-2008 EasySoft u xkwvywhJ aqmhz0jJ zpfyg f k f f w,f/ Removable Media (USB Drive) udppfay;½Hru Local k k

uJ aemuf aqmhzf0JwpfckeJY &Sif;Munfh&atmif/ FireLite Virus canner (www.fireav.com) qdwhJ aqmhz0yg/ uGeysLwm k f J f rSm stick udk wyfjyD;wmeJY Select folder... rSm tJ'D stick drive (Oyrm G:\) udk nTef;yg/ Start Scan udk uvpfvkyfvkdufyg/ Akdif;&yfpftrsKd;tpm;aygif; 52ç470 ausmfudk scan vkyf &Smay;Edkif w,f/ 'gayr,fh scan vkyfay;½HkyJvdkY qdkxm;ygw,f/ aemufxyf oifhuGefysLwmrSm aqmifxm;oifhwJh Flash Disinfector 1.0 (www.filetransit.com) eJY Smart Virus Remover 1.43.1 (http://technize.com) taMumif;udk ,ckv tar;tajz u@rSm a&;xm;ygao;w,f/ qufvufjyD; USB drive or stick rsm;twGuf tumtuG,jf yK aqmhz0rsm; awGU&if f J azmfjyay;ygr,f/ bmyJjzpfjzpf Kaspersky anti-virus software udkawmh trmcH aqmhzf0Jtjzpf xm;&ygvdrfhr,f/

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