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Alligation or Mixture

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Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude

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ALLIGATION OR MIXTURE

SITAMS

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Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude

Alligation or Mixture

ALLIGATION OR MIXTURE
IMPORTANT FACTS AND FORMULAE

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1. Alligation: It is the rule that enables us to find the ratio in which two or more ingredients at
the given price must be mixed to produce a mixture of a desired price.
2. Mean Price: The cost price of a unit quantity of the mixture is called the mean price.
3. Rule of Alligation: If two ingredients are mixed, then

(Quantity of dearer)

(Mean price) - (C.P. of cheaper)

C.P. of a unit quantity of dearer
(d)

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We present as under:
C.P. of a unit quantity of cheaper
(c)

.c

(Quantity of cheaper) = (C.P. of dearer) - (Mean price)

(m)

(d-m)

(m-c)

 (Cheaper quantity) : (Dearer quantity) = (d - m) : (m - c).

4. Suppose a container contains x units of liquid from which y units are taken out and replaced

[ x(1-y/x)^n]units.

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by water. After n operations the quantity of pure liquid=

SITAMS

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Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude

Alligation or Mixture

SOLVED EXAMPLES
Ex. 1. In what ratio must rice at Rs. 9.30 per kg be mixed with rice at Rs. 10.80 per kg so
that the mixture be worth Rs. 10 per kg ?

C.P. of 1 kg rice of 2nd kind (in paise)
1080 .

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Sol. By the rule of alligation, we have:
C.P. of 1 kg rice of 1st kind (in paise)
930
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Mean price
(in paise)
1000

70

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80
:. Required ratio = 80 : 70 = 8 : 7.

Ex. 2. How much water must be added to 60 litres of milk at 1 ½ litres for Rs. 20
So as to have a mixture worth Rs.10 2/3 a litre ?
Sol. C.P. of 1 litre of milk = Rs. (20 x 2/3) = Rs. 40/3
c.p of 1 litre of milk
c.p of 1 litre of milk
0
Rs.40
3

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Mean price
(Rs. 32 )
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(40/3-32/3)=8/3
(32/3-0)=32/3
Ratio of water and milk =8 : 32 = 8 : 32 = 1 : 4
3 3
Quantity of water to be added to 60 litres of milk = [1/4 X 60 ]litres =15 litre

SITAMS

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P.(5/6))= 1/6 ((5/6)-0)=5/6 Ratio of water and milk = 1/6 : 5/6 Ex.20. 3. 8 per kg must be mixed with 86 kg of rice costing Rs. S.P.Gain = 20%.P. of 1 kg wheat of 2nd kind C (800p) .P.P. of wheat costing Rs. In what ratio must water be mixed with milk to gain 20% by selling the mixture at cost price? Sol. Let C.[(100/120)*7. of 1 kg mixture = Rs.  C. 7. of1litre ofmilk Re. we have: C_P.1 . 5/6) (1.c C. of 1 litre of mixture = Re. of 1 kg mixture = Rs. of 1 litre of mixture = Rs. 7.20 per kg ? Sol.P.5/6 By the rule of alligation.P. of 1 litre of water 0 om  C. By the rule of alligation.[(100/120)* 1]=Rs. (540 p) Mean price ( 600 p) 60 SITAMS 200 4 . S. 6.40 per kg so that 20% gain may be obtained by Belling the mixture at Rs. . 6. 1.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture Ex. 4. C. we have: ar ee ra rm (Re. Gain obtained = 20%. Then. of 1 kg wheat of 1st kind C.P. 1 per litre.20]=Rs.How many kgs. of milk be Re.

.P. The milk and water in two vessels A and B are in the ratio 4 : 3 and 2: 3 respectively. in A C. of 1 litre mix.P. of milk be Re.P. In what proportion must rice at Rs. 3. By the rule of alligation. we have: C.60 per kg so that the mixture be worth Rs. Let x kg of wheat of 1st kind be mixed with 36 kg of wheat of 2nd kind. of 1 litre mixture in A = Re . 3. of 1 kg rice of dearer rice (in paise) 360 .Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture Wheat of 1st kind : Wheat of 2nd kind = 60 : 200 = 3 : 10.c Milk in 1 litre mixture of A = 4/7litre.1/2 By the rule of alligation. we have: C. 3. In what ratio. 1 per litre . of 1 litre mix.P.4/7. 3 : 10 = x : 36 or lOx = 3 * 36 or x = 10. Then. 5.P.P.25 per kg ? Sol. of 1 litre mixture in B = Re.10 per kg be mixed with rice at Rs. C Mean price (in paise) 325 35 SITAMS 15 5 . the liquids in both the vessels be mixed to obtain a new mixture in vessel C containing half milk and half water? Sol. in B (2/5) ar ee ra rm (4/7) (1/2) (1/10) (1/14) :. Let the C.2/5 Mean price = Re. om Ex. of 1 kg rice of Cheaper rice (in paise) 310 C. C. Milk in 1 litre mixture of C = ½ litre C.8 kg.P.Required ratio = 1/10 : 1/14 = 7 : 5 Ex. Milk in 1 litre mixture of B = 2/5 litre. 6.

In what ratio must a person mix three kinds of wheat costing him Rs.. 4. dearer one=[(23/42)*126]kg.. 4. of I kg.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture By the allegation rule: (Quantity of cheaper rice) = 35/15=7/3 (Quantity of dearer rice) :. 1. of 1kg. 7. so that the mixture may be worth Rs. If cheaper sugar is 126 kg. 1.6.80.Rs. of mixture = Rs. 1. Mean price (in paise) 400 210 115  (Quantity of cheaper sugar) = 210/115=42/23. 1. of 1 kg of Cheaper Sugar (in paise) 285 . 1.80] =Rs.74 per kg. so that 20% may be gained by selling the mixture at Rs. (Quantity of dearer sugar) If cheaper sugar is 42 kg.P.85 per kg.P.c  C. 2.41 per kg.? Sol: S. How many kilograms of sugar costing Rs. om Ex. of 1 kg rice of dearer sugar (in paise) 610 ar ee ra rm C.P.44 and Rs. [(100/120)*4.10 per kg. of mixture = Rs. C. Ex. wheat of 3rd kind 120paise 174 paise Mean price 141 price 33 SITAMS 21 6 . They must be mixed in the ratio 7:3.80 per kg.Gain=20%.P of kg. 4. of sugar costing Rs. Mix wheats of first and third kind to get a mixture worth Rs.41 per kg? C Sol: step 1.20. dearer one=23 kg..p of 1Kg.P. Wheat of 1st kind C.must be mixed with 126 kg. 8. C.=69 kg.

P.  Quantities of wheat of(1st kind : 2nd kind : 3rd kind)=(1:7:7/11) = (11:77:7).. of I kg. wheat of 2nd kind 144 paise Mean price 141 price 21 ar ee ra rm 3 . The butt was then of 24% strength only. A butler stole wine from a butt of sherry which contained 40% of spirit and he replaced what he had stolen by wine containing only 16% spirit. they must be mixed in the ratio 11:7. Step 2. Mix wheats of first and second kind to get a mixture worth Rs.P. By alligation rule : (Quantity of 1st kind of wheat) = 3 = 1 (Quantity of 3rd kind of wheat) 21 7 i.e.e. 9. Wheat of 1st kind 120paise om i. (Quantity of 2nd kind of wheat) (Quantity of 1st kind of wheat) = (Quantity of 2nd kind of wheat) x (Quantity of 1st kind of wheat) (Quantity of 1st kind of wheat) (Quantity of 3rd kind of wheat) = [(7/1)*(11/7)]=11/1. they must be mixed in the ratio 1:7. of 1kg. C Ex.. Thus.c C. 1. How much of the butt did he steal? Sol: Wine containing 40% spirit Wine containing 16% spirit Wine containing 24% spirit SITAMS 7 .Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture By allegation rule : (Quantity of 1st kind of wheat) = 33 = 11 (Quantity of 3rd kind of wheat) 21 7 C.41 per kg.

Ex.His total income after 1 ½ years was Rs. 56 Mean Rs. 400 ar ee ra rm Sol: . number of labourers = 85*12 =1020. Money given at 8% S.I SITAMS Rate % of 2nd sum 6 2/3 % 1 = 1: 1= 1:3 8 . 84.. number of labourers = 85. Given that the number of supervisors is 12.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture 8 16  By allegation rule: (Wine with 40% spirit) = 8 = 1 (Wine with 16% spirit) 16 2 om i. find the number of labourers in the factory.c Ex. Average salary of labourers Rs. 400 and that of the labourers is Rs.. they must be mixed in the ratio (1:2).  if the number of supervisors is 12. 60. 56. 11. A man possessing Rs. C  Rate of interest = 100 x882x2 = 7% 8400x3 st Rate % of 1 sum 8% Average Rate 7% 1 3 By alligation rule. Thus 1/3 of the butt of sherry was left and hence the butler drew out 2/3 of the butt. 8400 lent a part of it at 8% simple interest and the remaining at 6 2/3% simple interest .e. Find the sum lent at different rates. The average weekly salary per head of the entire staff of a factory consisting of supervisors and the labourers is Rs. 882. 60 Average salary of supervisors Rs. Sol: Total interest on Rs. for 1 ½ years is Rs. 882. 10. The average salary per head of the supervisors is Rs. 340 4  By allegation rule: (Number of labourers) = 340 = 85 (Number of supervisors) 4 1 Thus the number of supervisors is 1.

Ex. . A lump of two metals weighting 18 gms. 2100. [8400 *(1/4)] = Rs. find the weight of the other metal in the mixture. Each boy gets 90 paise and a girl 65 paise. it would be worth Rs. Time taken on foot = 32 = 4:3 Time taken on bicycle 24 Thus out of 7 hours in all. 24 7 By alligation rule. 6300. per hour. on foot 8 km. 80 km. Money lent at 6 2/3% = Rs. Ratio of boys and girls=17:8. he took 4 hours to travel on foot. Ex. 78.I Alligation or Mixture 3 Money lent at 8% = Rs. Covered in 1 hr. A sum of Rs. Find the distance travelled on foot.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Money given at 6 2/3% S. Sol.60. on bicycle 16 km. 6. Find the number of boys and girls..c Dist. Distance covered on foot in 4 hours=(4x8)km=32 km. 41=82 p. Sol. [8400 *(3/4)] = Rs. Covered in 1 hr. 14. if the price of one metal be Rs. in 7 hours partly on foot at the rate of 8 km. Average money received by each =Rs. per hour and partly on bicycle at 16 km. Is worth Rs. A man travelled a distance of 80 km. om Ex. Average in 1 hr. Sum received by each boy 90 paise Sum received by each girl 65 paise Average 82 paise 8 C 17 By alligation rule. SITAMS 9 . 13. 12. 87 but if their weights be interchanged . Average distance travelled in one hour =80/7 km. 41 was divided among 50boys and girls. 7 ar ee ra rm 32 7 Dist.70 per gm.

50. From this container . How much milk is now contained by the container? Remarks.P of 1 gm. cost of (1 gm. of 1st metal+1 gm. Of 2nd metal) = Rs. 9 Ex.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture Sol. of 2nd metal = Rs. when the container originally contains x [ x(1-y/x)^n]units. Mean price Rs.60 = Rs. = Rs. 2nd metal = 4 x 18 gm. 15. (Rs. 2nd metal = 4gm. Quantity of 1st metal Quantity of 2nd metal = 14 : 56 = 5:4 6 30 In 9 gm. of 2nd metal Rs. of mix. of milk was taken out and replaced by water. = 58.60. of 2nd metal) = Rs. = 8 gm. Amount of liquid left after n operations .20. 2. Now. In 18 gm. of 1 metal) + (cost of 1 gm. 165. 6.. Amount of milk left = 80[(1-(8/80)3)] kg. from which y units is taken out each time is = Sol. of milk. of mix. 8kg. Of first metal and 18gm. 29 18 6 C. If one lump is mixed with the quantitiesof metals interchanged then the mixture of the two lumps would contain 18gm.60) or 165. Of second metal and the price of the mixture would be Rs. A container contains 80 kg. 165. 2. This process was further repeated two times.50 56 30 By alligation rule. 87 per gm.70 Rs.. of 2 metal) = Rs.60 om So. 9. (87+78. C units of liquids. 18 st nd (cost of 1 gm.70)= Rs.P of 1 gm of 1st metal C. cost of(18gm. 9. SITAMS 10 . 29 6 ar ee ra rm 14 6 . Of 1st metal+18 gm. mean price of lump = Rs.20 – 6.34 kg.20.c cost of 1 gm. 9.

126 per kg and Rs.liters 8 3x 5x 3. part of the mixture replaced = 8 x1 1 = 5 8 5 2. If the mixture is worth Rs. 180 Answer: Option C SITAMS 11 . 1 5 ar ee ra rm Answer: Option C Explanation: Suppose the vessel initially contains 8 liters of liquid.c A.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture om EXERCISE PROBLEMS: 1.Rs. Let x liters of this liquid be replaced with water. Tea worth Rs.Rs. 175. 169.+ x liters 8 5x Quantity of syrup in new mixture = 5 .Rs. 3x Quantity of water in new mixture = 3 . the price of the third variety per kg will be: A. 3 parts of which are water and 5 parts syrup. 1 4 D. 1 7 .50 B. 170 D. A vessel is filled with liquid.50 C.5x 10x = 16 8 x= 5 C So. How much of the mixture must be drawn off and replaced with water so that the mixture may be half water and half syrup? B. 135 per kg are mixed with a third variety in the ratio 1:1:2.Rs. 153 per kg.+x = 58 8 5x + 24 = 40 . 1 3 C.

e. Rs.21 B. their average price = Rs.50 22. 153 ar ee ra rm (x-153) . 130.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture Explanation: Since first and second varieties are mixed in equal proportions. By the rule of alligation.50 3.50 x = 175. the ratio of A and B becomes 7 : 9.153 = 22.50  x .4 liters. A can contains a mixture of two liquids A and B is the ratio 7 : 5.153 = 1 22. one at Rs. 1 : 1. How many litres of liquid A was contained by the can initially? A..10 C. 130.25 Answer: Option C C Explanation: Suppose the can initially contains 7x and 5x of mixtures A and B respectively. 7 21 Quantity of A in mixture left = 7x -12x 9 liters = 7x .50 2 om So.50 per kg and the other at say.50 x . When 9 litres of mixture are drawn off and the can is filled with B. x Mean Price Rs. We have to find x. x per kg in the ratio 2 : 2. i. we have: Cost of 1 kg of 1st kind Cost of 1 kg tea of 2nd kind Rs.c Rs. 126 + 135 = Rs. 5 15 Quantity of B in mixture left = 5x -12x 9 liters = 5x .4 liters.20 D. the mixture is formed by mixing two varieties. 130. 21 7x = 4 7 SITAMS 12 . So.

4 liters. C.21 7 = 20x + 21 9 om 252x . quantity of mixture taken from each can = SITAMS 1 x 12 = 6 litres. Mean price = Re. 1 3 3 Milk in 1 liter mix. of 1 liter mixture in 1st can 3 4 C.189 = 140x + 147 112x = 336 x = 3. in 2 can = liter. of 1 liter mix. A milk vendor has 2 cans of milk.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture 9 15 5x . in 1st can Re. 8 liters C. 7 liters Answer: Option B Explanation: Let the cost of 1 liter milk be Re. The second contains 50% water. = liter.P.5 liters. 2 2 5 5 Milk in 1 liter of final mix.P. 6 liters D. . in 1st can = liter.P. 2 13 . 4 4 1 1 nd nd Milk in 1 liter mix.6 liters.c 4. 88 So. C.4 +9 28x . of 1 liter mix. How much milk should he mix from each of the containers so as to get 12 liters of milk such that the ratio of water to milk is 3: 5? B. in 2 can Re. 8 8 By the rule of alligation. So. of 1 liter mixture in 2nd can 1 2 Mean Price 5 8 C 1 8 1 8 11 Ratio of two mixtures = : = 1: 1. 5 liters ar ee ra rm A. the can contained 21 litres of A. The first contains 25% water and the rest milk.P.7 liters. we have: C.

of 1 liter of mixture = Re.4% C.25% Answer: Option C Explanation: Let C.P. 15 Mean Price Rs. S. of 1 liter of milk Re. of 1 liter milk be Re. 6. 20 .Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture 5.50 = 7 : 3. Gain = 25%. of 1 liter of water 0 Mean Price 4 Re. 1 4 5 SITAMS C.c Cost of 1 kg pulses of 1st kind Rs.50 Required rate = 3. we have: C C. 15 and Rs. 5 1 5 14 .50 1. 100 4 x1 = 125 5 By the rule of alligation.50 ar ee ra rm 3. In what ratio must a grocer mix two varieties of pulses costing Rs.7 : 5 om Answer: Option C Explanation: By the rule of alligation: Cost of 1 kg pulses of 2nd kind Rs. 20 per kg respectively so as to get a mixture worth Rs. The percentage of water in the mixture is: A. C. 16.P. 1 Then. 1.3 : 7 C.P.5 : 7 D.P.P. A dishonest milkman professes to sell his milk at cost price but he mixes it with water and thereby gains 25%.6 ¼ % D.50 : 1. 16.20% B.7 : 3 B.50 kg? A. of 1 liter mixture = Re.

of 1 kg sugar of 1st kind Rs.P. percentage of water in the mixture =[(1/5)*100]%=20% .34 litres C.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture 41 Ratio of milk to water = : = 4 : 1. Let x kg of sugar of 1st be mixed with 27 kg of 2nd kind. 7 per kg so that there may be a gain of 10% by selling the mixture at Rs. How many kilogram of sugar costing Rs. C.26. This process was repeated further two times. 8.c S. 3 8.P.28 litres Answer: Option D Explanation: Amount of milk left after 3 operations = [40(1.36 litres D.42 kg D. 100 x 9. 9 per kg must be mixed with 27 kg of sugar costing Rs. 7 Mean Price Rs. of 1 kg of mixture = Rs. 55 Hence. How much milk is now contained by the container? B.40 st 0.60 nd Ratio of quantities of 1 and 2 kind = 14 : 6 = 7 : 3.36 kg C.24. Gain 10%.27.24 per kg? B.P.29.40 110 ar ee ra rm By the rule of alligation. of 1 kg of mixture = Rs. 9.63 kg Answer: Option D Explanation: C. From this container 4 litres of milk was taken out and replaced by water. 9 Cost of 1 kg sugar of 2nd kind Rs. A container contains 40 litres of milk. 9. we have: .54 kg om 7. 7 : 3 = x : 27 x= 7 x 27 = 63 kg.24 = Rs.40 1. Then.l6 litres C A. 8.4/40 )3] liters SITAMS 15 . A.

we have: Strength of 2nd jar 19% Strength of first jar 40% Mean Strength 26% 7 14 So.P. A part of this whisky is replaced by another containing 19% alcohol and now the percentage of alcohol was found to be 26%.P. 5 B. A jar full of whisky contains 40% alcohol. 1.P. 3 2 C.16 liters. ratio of 1st and 2nd quantities = 7 : 14 = 1 : 2 Required quantity replaced = 2 3 10. .4 : 3 C Answer: Option A Explanation: Let C. of 1 litre milk be Re. The quantity of whisky replaced is: 2 3 3 D. of 1 litre of mixture = 100 x x 1 = 350 7 SITAMS 16 . 3 3 6 C.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture 9 9 9 = 40 x x x = 29.c Answer: Option B Explanation: ar ee ra rm By the rule of alligation . 5 om 9.6 : 1 D. Gain = 50 %. 10 10 10 1 A. S. In what ratio must water be mixed with milk to gain 16 % on selling the mixture at cost price? A.1. of 1 litre of mixture = Re.1 : 6 C.2 : 3 B.

77 om C. of 1 litre of milk Re.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture By the rule of alligation. we have: C. 68.c 1 6 Ratio of water and milk = : = 1 : 6. Find the ratio in which rice at Rs. 65 a kg so that by selling the mixture at Rs.3 : 2 C.2 : 3 C.P.20 a kg he may gain 10%? A.3 : 4 D. 1 Mean Price 6 Re. A.20.4 : 5 Answer: Option B Explanation: By the rule of alligation: Cost of 1 kg of 1st kind 720 p Cost of 1 kg of 2nd kind 570 p Mean Price 630 p 60 90 Required ratio = 60: 90 = 2: 3.70 a kg to produce a mixture worth Rs.20 a kg be mixed with rice at Rs.30 a kg.P. In what ratio must a grocer mix two varieties of tea worth Rs. 60 a kg and Rs. C 12. of 1 kg of the mixture = Rs.3 : 4 D. 68.4 : 5 Answer: Option A Explanation: S. 7 1 7 6 7 . 7. of 1 litre of water 0 ar ee ra rm 11.P. Gain = 10%. 6.1 : 3 B. SITAMS 17 . 5.3 : 5 B.

The ratio of the quantity of wine now left in cask to that of water is 16 : 81. of 1 kg of the mixture = Rs. How much wine did the cask hold originally? A. 19 D. 62. then the price per kg of the mixed variety of rice is: A. 20 per kg. 110 C.18 liters SITAMS B. By the rule of alligation.3x = 2x .Rs. x per kg. 15 per kg and Type 2 rice is Rs. we have: Cost of 1 kg tea of 1st kind Rs.c Required ratio = 3 : 2.50 C.20 = Rs.8 liters are drawn from a cask full of wine and is then filled with water. Rs. 19.30 C 5x = 90 x = 18. 14.The cost of Type 1 rice is Rs. 62 3 2 .Rs. If both Type 1 and Type 2 are mixed in the ratio of 2 : 3.15) 3 (x .Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture 100 x 68.x) (20 . we have: Cost of 1 kg of Type 1 rice Rs. By rule of alligation.P.24 liters 18 . 18 B. x (20 . 60 Cost of 1 kg tea of 2nd kind.Rs. ar ee ra rm 13. 15 Cost of 1 kg of Type 2 rice Rs.50 Answer: Option A Explanation: Let the price of the mixed variety be Rs.15) 60 .x) 2 = (x .Rs. 18. 65 om Mean Price Rs. This operation is performed three more times. 20 Mean Price Rs.

A merchant has 1000 kg of sugar. om Then.32 liters Alligation or Mixture D.4= 4 x 3 x-8 2 = x 3 ar ee ra rm 15. 5 kg C 16. part of which he sells at 8% profit and the rest at 18% profit.(8/x))4 16 = x 81 8 2 1 . How many liters of water should be added to a 30 litre mixture of milk and water containing milk and water in the ratio of 7 : 3 such that the resultant mixture has 40% water in it? A.600 kg B. He gains 14% on the whole. we have: Profit on 1st part 8% Profit on 2nd part 18% Mean Profit 14% 4 6 Ration of 1st and 2nd parts = 4 : 6 = 2 : 3 Quantity of 2nd kind = 3 x 1000 = 600 kg.c x(1 .7 liters C.560 kg D.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude C. 3x . The quantity sold at 18% profit is: A.640 kg Answer: Option C Explanation: By the rule of alligation.42 liters Answer: Option B Explanation: Let the quantity of the wine in the cask originally be x litres.None of these Answer: Option C SITAMS 19 .5 liters B. . quantity of wine left in cask after 4 operations = [x(1 – 8/x ) litres.24 = 2x x = 24.10 liters D.400 kg C.

When you add more water.20 kgs B. 21 liters of milk accounts for 70% by volume. Therefore. 5 liters of water was added. Step 1.9 : 1 D. the amount of milk in the mixture remains constant at 21 liters. i. there will be 12 litres of milk in the mixture and 8 litres of water in the mixture. In the first case. Hence. We started with 30 liters and ended up with 35 liters.5kgs C.200kgs SITAMS 20 .3 : 16kgs D. The container will have 8 litres of milk and 2 litres of water in it. the 21litres of milk accounts for 60% by volume. before addition of further water.12. 10 liters of the mixture is removed and replaced with pure milk and the operation is repeated once more.6= 35 liters. Therefore.c 17.3 : 17 B. the new mixture contains 60% milk and 40% water. ar ee ra rm . 100% volume = 21/0.24 per kg so that he makes a profit of 25% on selling the mixture at Rs. 18. Therefore.42/kg should a shopkeeper mix with 25 kgs of ordinary rice costing Rs. Therefore. It is then replaced with pure milk of 10 litres. the container will have 18 litres of milk and 2 litres of water in it at the end of the second step. A 20 liter mixture of milk and water contains milk and water in the ratio 3: 2. At the end of the two removal and replacement.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture Explanation: Therefore. How many kgs of Basmati rice costing Rs. the ratio of milk and water is 18: 2 or 9: 1.e. the solution has 21 liters of milk and 9litres of water.17 : 3 C.40/kg? A. C Step 2.5 : 3 Answer: Option B Explanation: The 20 litre mixture contains milk and water in the ratio of 3 : 2. 6 litres of milk is removed and 4 litres of water is removed. After water is added. Now the container will have 16 litres of milk and 4 litres of water. what is the ratio of milk and water in the resultant mixture? A. 8 litres of milk and 2 litres of water is removed. Therefore. When 10 litres of the mixture is removed. When 10 litres of the new mixture is removed. om 30 liters of the mixture has milk and water in the ratio 7: 3. Now 10 litres of pure milk is added. there will be 6 litres of milk and 4 litres of water left in the container.

30 D. 20.2 litres of water from the original mixture containing 60% water.That is we will end up with 6 litres of milk and 6 litres of water.2 litres.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture Answer: Option A om Explanation: Let the amount of Basmati rice being mixed be x kgs.1. How many litres of a 12 litre mixture containing milk and water in the ratio of 2 : 3 be replaced with pure milk so that the resultant mixture contains milk and water in equal proportion? .2 liters D.6 litres of the mixture = 2litres. To remove 1. As the trader makes 25% profit by selling the mixture at Rs. 19.60 C A.8 litres of milk and 7. Water gets reduced by 1.2 litres of water.50 Answer: Option C SITAMS 21 . we need to remove 1. how many horses were there in the zoo? B. If the zoo had either pigeons or horses.40/kg.e.32/kg.5 liters ar ee ra rm A. (x * 42) + (25 * 24) = 32 (x + 25) => 42x + 600 = 32x + 800 => 10x = 200 or x = 20 kgs. That is 4.4 liters C.40 C. i.2 / 0.1 liter Answer: Option B Explanation: The mixture contains 40% milk and 60% water in it. When he counted the legs of the animals he found it to be 260. his cost per kg of the mixture = Rs. Now we are replacing the mixture with pure milk so that the amount of milk and water in the mixture is 50% and 50%.c B. A zookeeper counted the heads of the animals in a zoo and found it to be 80.

It is given by [(x – y)/x]n of the whole quantity.7:5 Answer: Option C SITAMS 22 . There is a short cut method to find the Quantity of milk left after nth operation.12 liters D.5:7 C.512 liters C.15.36 liters ar ee ra rm A. total number of legs = 4x + 2(80-x) = 260 om =>4x + 160 – 2x = 260 =>2x = 100 =>x = 50. Hence from the above rule it can be say that Quantity of milk left after the 3rd operation = [(30 – 6)/30]3 * 30 = 15.20 pe rkg be mixed with wheat at Rs. where x is initial quantity of milk in the cask y is the quantity of milk withdrawn in each process and n is the number of process. B..36 liters. Therefore.08 per kg A. The problem is simple if its solution is simpler. Hence we will go for a simpler solution for this kind of problem. In what ratio must wheat at Rs. From a cask of milk containing 30 litres.0.90 per kg so that the mixture be worth Rs.38 liters .c 21. 6 litres are drawn out and the cask is filled up with water.3.14.3.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture Explanation: Let the number of horses = x Then the number of pigeons = 80 – x.2. If the same process is repeated a second. then a third time. 22.3:2 B. Each pigeon has 2 legs and each horse has 4 legs.7:9 D. what will be the number of litres of milk left in the cask? Answer: Option D C Explanation: The problem can be solved by traditional method but it is cumbersome process to do that.

d – m = 9/13 – 5-7 = 2/91 v. m – c = 9/13 – 8/13 = 1/13 SITAMS 23 .P.P of a unit quantity of 1st kind C. The ratio in 9:4? B.P of 1 litre mixture = Rs/ 9/13 (Mean price) C Step (ii) : By the rule of allegation.18  Required ratio =0. C. 5/7 Ratio of new mixture = 9:4  Milk in 1 lit mixture = 9/13 C.P of 1 litre mixture in B = Rs.1 Given ratio of mixture in A = 8:5  Milk in 1 liter mixture in A = 8/13 litre  C.7:5 ar ee ra rm A.P.3:2 .20 2. i.90 Mean Price (3.P of 1 liter mixture in A = Rs.12 = 3:2. 23.P of 1 liter of mixture in B = 5/7 iii. Two A and B contain milk and water mixed in the ratio 8:5 and 5:2 respectively. 8/13 Ratio of Mixture in B = 5:2  milk in 1 liter mixture in B – 5/7 litre  C. of milk be Re.80) 0. of a unit quantity of 2nd kind 3. C.12 om 0.2:7 D.5:7 C. we have: C. Mean price (p) = 9/13 iv.18 : 0.P of 1 liter of mixture in A =8/13 ii.c which these two mixtures be mixed to get a new mixture containing milk and a water in the ratio Answer: Option B Explanation: Step (i) : Let C.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture Explanation: By the rule of alligation.

3:2 Answer: Option A Explanation: C.729ml of mixture contains milk and water in the ratio 7:2 how much more water is to be added to get a new mixture containing milk and water in the ratio 7:3? A.7:5 om A.P of 1 liter of water = 0 ii. iv. In what ratio water be mixed with milk costing Rs. m – c = 8-0 = 8  Ratio of water and milk = 4 : 8 = 1 : 2 25.P of 1 liter of milk = 12 iii. with the ratio 7:3  Quantity of water in the new mixture = (162 + x ) ml Then 7/3 = 567 162  x  7 (162 + x) = 3 x 567  1134 + 7x = 1701 SITAMS 24 . d – m = 12-8 = 4 v.8 per litre? B.81ml B. C.70ml C.1:2 C.12 per liter to obtain a mixture worth of Rs.96ml Answer : Option C Explanation: Ratio of milk and water in 729 ml = 7:2 Step (i) Milk in 729 ml of mixture = (7/9 x 729 ) ml = 567 ml  water in 729 ml of mixture = 729 – 567 = 162 ml C Step (ii) Let x be the quantity of water added to new mixture.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture  Required ratio = 2/91: 1/13 = 2:7 24.c By the rule of allegation.49ml D. . Mean price (p) = 8 ar ee ra rm i.2:7 D.

4:3 C Answer: Option C 7:9 Explanation: Step (i) : Spirit in 1 litre mixture of A = 5/7 litre Spirit in 1 litre mixture of B = 7/13 litre Spirit in 1 litre mixture of final mixture = 8/13 litre Mean quantity = 8/13 litre SITAMS 25 . How much milk is now contained by the Explanation: ar ee ra rm Quantity of milk in the can x = 40 kg Quantity of milk taken out y = 4 kg Number of times = 3 n   y   Quantity of milk in the can =  x1    kg x     3   4   = 401    kg = 40 (9/10)3 kg = 40 ( 729/1000)   40    Quantity of milk in the can = 29. A can contains 40kg of milk.49kg B. Find the ratio in which these mixture be mixed to obtain a new mixture containing spirit and water in the ratio 8:5? A. from this container 4kg of milk was taken out and replaced by container? A.25.16kg C.5:7 D.29.32. 26.3:4 C.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture  7x = 1701 – 1134  X = 567/7 = 81 ml  Quantity of water added to new mixture = 81 ml.16 kg 27.30kg D.36kg .c Answer: Option A om water. Two vessels A and B contain sprit and water in the ratio 5:2 and 7:6 respectively. This process was repeated further two times.7:9 B.

Both are mixed in the ratio 2:3. v.15 p/kg and type II is Rs. The B. m – c = 9/13 – 8/13 = 1/13  Required ratio = 2/91 : 1/13 : = 2 : 7 29. Quantity of spirit in B (d)= 5/7 iii.2:7 D.c ratio in which these 2 mixtures be mixed to get a new mixture containing 69 3/13 % milk is : Answer: Option B Explanation: Step (i) : Quantity of milk in 1 lr mixture of A = 8/13 lr Quantity of milk in 1 lr mixture of B = 5/7 lr Quantity of milk in 1 lr mixture of final mixture = 69 3 % 13  900 1  = x  lr  13 100  Mean quantity = 9/13 lr Step (ii) By the rule of allegation.4:3 ar ee ra rm A. quantity of spirit in A (c) = 5/7 ii. The cost of type I rice is Rs.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture i. Mean price (m) = 9/13 lr iv.  Required ratio = 1/13 : 9/91 = 7 : 9 28.20p/kg. Quantity of spirit in B (d)= 7/13 iii. m – c = 8/13 – 7/13 = 1/13 om Step (ii) By the rule of allegation.Two vessels A and B contain milk and water mixed in the ratio 8:5 and 5:2 respectively. Mean price (m) = 8/13 iv.7:9 . quantity of spirit in A (c) = 8/13 ii. d – m = 5/7 – 8/13 = 9/19 v. price P/Kg of the mixed variety is : SITAMS 26 .3:4 C. d – m = 5/7 – 9/13 = 2/91 C i.

Rs.18 Answer: Option D Explanation: Mean price = Rs. 4 : 3 B.62 per Kg be mixed with tea at Rs.30 D. 20 Mean wt (m) Rs.Rs Cost of 1 kg of Type II Rs.20 C. 3 : 1 C. 64.15 B.Rs.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture A. 3 : 2 D. 5 : 3 Answer: Option A Cost of 1 kg tea of 2nd kind C Explanation: By the rule of alligation: Cost of 1 kg tea of 1st kind SITAMS 27 . 18 per kg 30.Rs.15) . 15 Rs.c (20 .15 Step (ii) : Mixed variety is in the ratio = 2:3 20  x = 2/3 x  15 ar ee ra rm  60 – 3x = 2x – 30 X = 90 / 5 = 18  Ratios imply that the price of mixture = Rs. 72 per Kg so that the mixture must be worth Rs. In what ratio must tea at Rs.50 per Kg? A.Rs.x Cost of 1 kg of Type I om Step (i) : Let the price of mixed variety be x.x (x .x)  ratio = 20-x : x .

15 ar ee ra rm A. 15. 16.2) Solving for x .Alligation or Mixture om Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Required ratio = 750 : 250 = 3 : 1 B. we get x = 0. 16.4) + 0 Solving for x. The alcoholic ingredients contain 40% alcohol. The non-alcoholic ingredients contain no alcohol. 10 D.15 = 6(0. 31.15) = 6(40%) + x(0%) (6+x) 0. 6 .165 i. 5 C.c 31.18) = 200(x) + 150(0. what is the percent of alcohol in the 200-liter solution? A. How many liters of non-alcoholic ingredients must be added to 6 liters of alcoholic ingredients to produce a mixture that is 15% alcohol? Answer: Option B Explanation: The alcohol ingredients is 40% in 6 liters of drink The resultant mixture needs to have 15% alcohol only Hence we have the following equation : (6+x) (0. We have the following equation: 350(0.2% B. A bar is creating a new signature drink.5% SITAMS 28 . 150 liters of a 20% alcohol solution is mixed with 200 liters of another solution. If the resulting solution is 18% alcohol.5% D. 21% C. we get x = 10.e. They are using two non-alcoholic ingredients in the drink: orange juice and cranberry juice. 18% C Answer: Option B Explanation: Total solution is 350 litres . They are using two alcoholic ingredients in the drink: vodka and gin.

8 litres are drawn from a cask full of wine and is then filled with water. 10.30 B. One quality of wheat at Rs.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture 32.Rs.42 litres om Answer: Option B Explanation: Let the quantity of the wine in the cask originally be x litres.24 litres C.If the mixture so formed be worth Rs. How much wine did the cask hold originally? A. X per kg.11 Answer: Option C Explanation: Let the rate of the second quality be Rs.what is the rate per kg of the second quality of wheat ? A. This operation is performed three more times. By the rule of allegation.30 per kg is mixed with another quality at certain rate in the ratio 8 : 7 .Rs.80 D.  [x(1-(8/x)4] = 16 x 81 3x – 24 = 2x x = 24.P of 1 kg wheat of 2nd kind 100x p 70 p 29 .Rs. The ratio of the quantity of wine now left in cask to that of the water is 16 : 65. we have: C C.c (1-8/x)4 = (2/3)2 33. Then . 10. 10 per kg.32 litres D. 10.60 C.P of 1 kg. ar ee ra rm x-8 = 2 x 3 . wheat of 1st kind 930p Mean price 1000 P (100x – 1000)p SITAMS C.Rs. 18 litres B. quantity of wine left in cask after 4 operations = [x(1-(8/x)4] litres. 9.

10per kg . A.80. C QUESTION BANK: 1.80 per kg so that the mixture be worth Rs. 4:5 SITAMS 30 . 8:7 D.30 per kg mixed with rice at Rs. 10. 5:4 C. In what ratio must rice at Rs.c om  100x – 1000 = 8 70 7 700x – 7000=560 700x = 7560 x = Rs.10. 3:4 B.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture ar ee ra rm .

In what ratio water be mixed with milk costing Rs. 2:3 D. Two vessels A and B contain milk and water mixed in the ratio 8:5 and 5:2 res.12 per liter to obtain a mixture worth of Rs. In what ratio must water be mixed with milk to gain 16 2/3% on selling the mixture at cost price ? A. 3:2 6.8 per litre? A. Two vessels A and B contain milk and water mixed in the ratio 4:3 and 2:3 in what ratio must these mixtures be mixed to form new mixture containing half milk and half water? SITAMS 31 .24 per kg ? A.c 4. 7:5 D.08 per kg A. 3:4 B. In the annual interest is Rs. 2:7 D.4000 is lent out in two parts. 5:7 D. part of which he sells at 8% profit and the rest at 18% profit.3. 2:1 7.90 per kg so that the mixture be worth Rs. 2400 D. 72kg D.9. He gains 14% on the whole. one at 8% simple interest and the other at 10% simple interest. 300kg D. 1:2 C. 3:2 B.352. How many kilograms of sugar costing Rs/. 5:7 C.7 per kg so that there may ba gain of 10% by selling the mixture at Rs. A merchant has 100kg of sugar. 63kg C.3. A sum of Rs.2.5:4 C. 120kg B. the sum lent at 8% is ? A. 1:6 B. The ratio in which these two mixtures be mixed to get a new mixture containing milk and a water in the ratio 9:4? A.9 per kg must be mixed with 27kg of sugar costing Rs. 59kg ar ee ra rm . 3700 C 8.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture 2. The quantity sold at 18% profit is? A.20 pe rkg be mixed with wheat at Rs. In what ratio must wheat at Rs. 5:9 C. 50 kg B. 4:5 om 3. 2:4 B. 1500 C. 500kg C. 600kg 9. 6:1 5. 1300 B.

81ml D.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude A.960ml C.72 B.540ml B.1/3 C.40 C.1/4 B.40 the number of girls is ? A.96ml 12.35% B.4kg C.49ml C.2. 7:5 D.60 and each girl Rs.2/4 ar ee ra rm . A sum of rs.c 11. 729ml of mixture contains milk and water in the ratio 7:2 how much more wate is to be added to get a new mixture containing milk and water in the ratio 7:3? A. 6:7 Alligation or Mixture B.312 was divided amng 100boys and girls in such a way that the boy gets Rs. A part of this whisky is replaced by another containing 19% alcohol and now the percentage of alcohol was found to be 26% the quantity of whisky replaced is ? A. The percentage of water in the mixture is ? A.3. 7:8 om 10. A mixture of 20kg of spirt and water contains 10 water How much water must be added to this mixture to raise the percentage of water to 25%? A. A jar full of whisky contains 40% alcohol.25% C. A man covered a distance of 2000km in 18 hours partly by bus at 72kmph and partly by train at 16kmph the distance covered by bus is ? A.6kg SITAMS 32 .67 C 15.45 D.2/3 D.54 C.90 is made up of 180 coins which are either 10 paise coins or 25 p coins.20% D.50 13. A sum of Rs.40% 16.20 D.5kg D.70ml B.3kg B. 5:6 C.30 B. The number of 10 p coins is ? A. A dishonest milk man professes to sell his milk at cost price but he mixed it with water and thereby gains 25%.840ml 14.720ml D.36.

The whole annual interest amounted to $92.12 kg B.$900 C. How much did he lend at 6%? A. A mixture of milk and water measures 60 gallons.23 om 18.$1000 22.4 gallons D.7 1/3 gallons B.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude Alligation or Mixture 17.43. and are mixed in another empty vessel. It contains 20% water. What is the ratio of water and spirit in the new mixture? SITAMS 33 . Two gallons of mixture in which there is 2/5 of water and the rest spirit is mixed with five gallons of mixture in which there is 1/3 of water and the rest spirit.$1250 C.22kg C. How many gallons of water should be added to it so that water may be 25%? 20. and other at 6%.101:71 24. It contains 20% water.106:69 C.29. 5 1/3 gallons 21. the yearly income may be $140. A man invested $2500 into two parts such that if one part be put out at 5% S.16kg D.$1500 D.45kg A.22 B. from this container 4kg of milk was taken out and replaced by water.8 gallons .$1000 B.8 1/3 gallons C.20 C. A mixture of spirit and water measure 80 gallons. How much water should be added to it so that water may be 25%? A. A container contains 40kg of milk. What is the ratio of milk and water in it? A.43. There are two vessels A and B in which the ratio of milk and water are as 5:2 and 8:7 respectively. part of this at 4% and the rest at 6% per annum simple interest. the ratio of A and B becomes 7:9 how many litres of liquids A was contained by the can initially? B.21 D. How much milk is now contained by the container? A.$800 D.$750 C 23. Two gallons are drawn from vessel A and 3 gallons from vessel B.12. A can contains a mixture of two liquids A and B in the ratio 7:5 when 9 litres of mixture are drawn off and the can is filled with B.c 19.89:86 B.$600 B.6 gallons C.103:72 D. A man lent $2000. This process was repeated further two times.I.10 gallons ar ee ra rm A. How much did he invest at 5%? A.6 1/3gallons D.

whereas the other vessel contains a mixture of 9 parts pure wine and 5 parts soda.14:5 om 25.40lbs D. 26. One milk can contains a mixture of milk and water in the ratio 7:5 and the other contains the mixture of milk and water in which 2/5th is water.30 lbs SITAMS 34 .10. B.7:4 C.15 B.25:33 Alligation or Mixture B. A woman sold 100 oranges at $12. Compare the strength of the wine. A merchant has 100 lbs of sugar.12:17 D.45 C.5:3 . How many were sold at the first rate? A.10:7 ar ee ra rm 27.7:8 D.9 28.35:36 B.36:35 C. One vessel contains a mixture of 5 parts pure wine and 3 parts soda. Compare their purity.50lbs C A. some at the rate of 3 for 35 cents and the rest at 7 for 85 cents.70 lbs C.37:68 A.35:36 D.Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude A. part of which he sells at 7% profit and the rest at 17% profit. He gains 10 % on the whole.21 D.c A. Find how much is sold at 7% profit? B.18:23 C.