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The aim of this paper is to prove a common fixed point theorem for four self maps and using occasionally weakly compatible in complex-valued metric space. Our result is independent of the completeness of the space.

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Maps in Complex-Valued Metric Space

1

Department of Mathematics, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India

2

Department of Mathematics, D.N. College, Hisar, Haryana, India

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper is to prove a common fixed point

theorem for four self maps f , g , h and k using

occasionally weakly compatible in complex-valued

metric space. Our result is independent of the

completeness of the space.

Keywords Common Fixed Point, Occasionally Weakly

Compatible, Complex-Valued Metric Space

I.

INTRODUCTION

complex valued metric space and proved and common

fixed point theorem for a pair of contractive type

mapping involving rational expressions which is a

generalization of the classical Banach fixed point

theorem.

Al-Thagafi and N. Shahzad [5] weakened the concept of

compatibility by giving a new notion of (o.w.c.) maps

which is the most general among all the commutativity

concepts. In this paper, we proved a common fixed point

theorem for four self maps using the concept of

occasionally weakly compatible (o.w.c.) in complex

valued metric space.

II.

PRELIMINARIES

Define a partial order relation on as follows:

and

only

if

z1 z2 if

Re( z1 ) Re( z2 ) ,

Im( z1 ) Im( z2 ) . It follows that z1 z2 if one of the

following conditions is satisfied

(i) Re( z1 ) Re( z2 ) , Im( z1 ) Im( z2 )

(ii) Re( z1 ) Re( z2 ) , Im( z1 ) Im( z2 )

(iii) Re( z1 ) Re( z2 ) , Im( z1 ) Im( z2 )

(iv) Re( z1 ) Re( z2 ) , Im( z1 ) Im( z2 )

(i), (ii), and (iii) is satisfied and we will write z1 p z2 if,

only (iii) is satisfied.

Remark 2.1. The following statements hold.

(i)

If a, b R with a b , then az p bz , for all

z

(ii)

If 0 z1 z2 , then | z1 | | z2 | .

(iii)

If z1 z2 , z2 z3 , then z1 z3 .

Definition 2.2 ([1]). Let X be a non empty set. Suppose

that the mapping d : X X , satisfies:

(i) 0 d ( x, y ) , for all x, y X and d ( x, y ) 0 if

and only if x y ;

(ii) d ( x, y ) d ( y, x) , for all x, y X ;

(iii) d ( x, y ) d ( x, z ) d ( z , y ) , for all x, y, z X .

Then d is called a complex valued metric on X , and

( X , d ) is called a complex valued metric space.

Example 2.3. Let X . Define the mapping

by d ( z1 , z2 ) i | z1 z2 | for all

d:XX

z1 , z2 . Then ( X , d ) is a complex valued metric

space.

Definition 2.4. Let ( X , d ) be a complex valued metric

space and {xn } be a sequence in X .

(i) If for every c with 0 c , there is n0

such that, for all n n0 , d ( xn , x) c , then {xn }

is said to be convergent to x X . We denote this

by xn x , as n or lim xn x .

n

such that, for all n n0 , d ( xn , xn m ) c , then

{xn } is called a Cauchy sequence in ( X , d ) .

IJSRET @ 2014

Volume 2 Issue 11 pp 767-769 February 2014

then ( X , d ) is said to be a complete complex

valued metric space.

Lemma 2.5 ([1]). Let ( X , d ) be a complex valued

metric space and {xn } be a sequence in X . Then {xn }

converges to x if and only if | d ( xn , x) | 0 as n .

Lemma 2.6 ([1]). Let ( X , d ) be a complex valued

metric space and {xn } be a sequence in X . Then {xn }

is a Cauchy sequence if and only if | d ( xn , xn m ) | 0

as n .

Definition 2.7. Let f and g be two self-maps on a set

X . If w fx gx for some x in X , then x is called a

coincidence point of f and g , and w is called a point

of coincidence of f and g .

Definition 2.8 ([3]). Let f and g be two self-maps

defined on a set X . Then f and g are said to be

weakly compatible if they commute at their coincidence

points.

Definition 2.9 ([5]). Let f and g be two self-maps

defined on a set X . Then f and g are said to be

occasionally weakly compatible if there exists some

point x X such that

fx gx

fgx gfx .

Every weakly compatible self maps are occasionally

weakly compatible, but converse is not true.

Example 2.10. Let X be the set of complex

numbers. Let d be the metric d : , defined

by

d ( z1 , z2 ) | x1 x2 | i | y1 y2 |

for all z1 , z2 ,

z1 x1 iy1 ,

z2 x2 iy2

Let f , g : defined by

f ( z ) 2iz

g ( z ) i | z |2

Then f (0) 0 g (0) , f (2) 4i g (2) , 0 and 2 are

coincidence points.

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But

fg (0) gf (0) 0 .

fg (2) f (4i ) 8 ,

gf (2) g (4i ) 16i .

Therefore ( f , g ) are occasionally weakly compatible

but not weakly compatible.

Lemma 2.11 ([5]). Let f and g be two occasionally

weakly compatible self-maps defined on a non-empty set

X . If w fx gx is the unique point of coincidence.

Then w is the unique common fixed point of f and g .

III.

MAIN RESULT

space and let f , g , h and k be four self-maps on X

satisfying the inequality

d ( fx, gy ) max{d (kx, hy ), d (kx, fx), d (hy , gy )

d (kx, gy ), d (hy, fx)}

for all x, y X ,

0 1 (*)

If the pairs ( f , k ) and ( g , h) are (o.w.c.), then f , g , h

and k have a unique common fixed point.

Proof. Since the pairs ( f , k ) and ( g , h) are occasionally

weakly compatible (o.w.c.) maps, therefore, there exists

two elements x, y in X such that

fx kx and gy hy .

First we prove that fx gy , on the contrary, suppose

that fx gy . Then

d ( fx, gy ) max{d (kx, hy ), d (kx, fx),

d (hy, gy ), d (kx, gy ),

d (hy, fx)}

Put fx kx and gy hy .

d ( fx, gy )

max{d ( fx, gy ), d ( fx, fx), d ( gy , gy ),

d ( fx, gy ), d ( gy , fx)}

max{d ( fx, gy ),0,0, d ( fx, gy ), d ( gy , fx)}

d ( fx, gy ), a contradiction.

Suppose, there exists another element z X such that

fz kz . Then by (*), we have fz gy .

Therefore u fx kx is the unique point of

coincidence. By Lemma 2.11, u fu ku is the unique

common fixed point of ( f , k ) .

IJSRET @ 2014

Volume 2 Issue 11 pp 767-769 February 2014

say (v gv hv) .

We show that u v , on the contrary, suppose that

u v . Then by (*), we have

d (u , v) d ( fu , gv)

max{d (ku , hv), d (ku , fu ), d (hv, gv),

d (ku , gv), d (hv, fu )}

max{d ( fu , gv), d ( fu , fu ), d ( gv, gv ),

d ( fu , gv), d ( gv, fu )}

max{d ( fu , gv),0,0, d ( fu , gv), d ( gv, fu )}

d ( fu , gv), a contradiction.

Therefore, u fu ku gu hu is the unique

common fixed point of f , g , h and k .

Example. Let X [0,1) and let d be the metric

d : X X , defined by

d ( x, y ) i | x y | , x, y X .

Then ( X , d ) is a complex valued metric space.

Let f , g , h and k : [0,1) [0,1) be four self-maps on

X , defined by

x

f ( x) ,

2

x2

g ( x)

,

3

h( x ) x 3 ,

k ( x) x 2 .

f (0) k (0) 0

fk (0) kf (0) 0

1

1

1

f k

2

2 4

1

1

1

fk f

2

4

8

1

1

kf k

4 16

g (0) h(0) 0

gh(0) hg (0) 0

1

1

1

g h

3

3 27

1

1

1

gh g

2187

3

27

1

1

1

hg h

3

27 19683

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IV.

REFERENCES

point theorems in complex valued metric spaces,

Numerical Functional Analysis and Optimization, 32(3),

2011, 243-253.

[2] S. Bhatt, S. Chankiyal and R.C. Dimri, Common

fixed point of mappings satisfying rational inequality in

complex valued metric space, International Journal of

Pure and Applied Mathematics, 73(2), 2011, 159-164.

[3] G. Jungck and B.E. Rhoades, Fixed point for set

valued functions without continuity, Indian J. Pure Appl.

Math., 29 (3), 1998, 227-238.

[4] K.P.R. Sastry, G.A. Naidu, Tadesse Bekeshsie and

M.A. Rahamatulla, A common fixed point theorem for

four self-maps in complex valued and vector valued

metric spaces, Int. J. Math. Archive, 3(7), 2012, 26802685.

[5] M.A. Al-Thagafi and N. Shahzad, Generalized Inonexpansive self maps and invariant approximation,

Acta Mathematica Sinica, English series, 24, 2008, 867876.

[6] M.A. Al-Thagafi and N. Shahzad, A note on

occasionally weakly compatible maps, Int. J. Math.

Anal. 3(2), 2009, 55-58.

[7] M. Alamgir Khan, Sumitra and R. Chugh, Common

fixed point theorems for occasionally weakly compatible

maps in fuzzy metric spaces, Int. Mathematical Forum,

6 (37), 2011, 1825-1836.

[8] J. Kumar and Y. Kumar, Common fixed point

theorem in complex valued metric space satisfying

(E.A.) and (CLR)-property, IJSRET, 2 (7), 2013, 397402.

but o.w.c. 0 is the unique common fixed point of

f , g , h and k .

IJSRET @ 2014

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