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MRSM Chemistry Trial Paper 2 Marking Scheme

1. (a) (i) M: soap


(ii) detergent
(ii) M: the oily stain remains
N: the oily stain disappear.
(iii) detergent, N
(b) (i) P: aspirin/aspirin/codeine
Q: Antibiotics
(ii) to relieve pain without affecting consciousness/ causing numbness
(iii) to make sure all the bacteria is killed otherwise the remain bacteria will
reproduce and become resistant to that antibiotics
2. (a) Na/ Mg/ Al
(b) 2.8
(c) (i) the number of proton in chlorine atom is more than sodium, hence the
positive charges of nucleus of chlorine atom agains outer electron shells will
be stronger and pull the shells closer to the nucleus thus become smaller than
sodium.
(ii)

(iii) ionic compound


(d) glass/ semiconductor
(e) (i)it is chemically inert and will not react with the filament
V
(ii) n= g , V g =n m . v=0.002 24=0.048 d m3
m.v
3. (a) electrolyte is a substance that can conduct electricity either in molten state or
aqueous state and
undergo chemical changes when conducting electricity.
(b) K+, I-, H+, OH-.
(c) (i) iodie ion,I- ,and hydroxide ion, OH(ii) 2I- I2 + 2e-.
(d) (i)Colourless gas bubbles are released/ Effervescence and the gas burning with a
pop sound
with lighted wooden splinter.
(ii) Hydrogen ions are lower than potassium K+ ions in the electrochemical series
and the concentration factor of K+ ion is not important. Hydrogen ions are
selectively discharged by accepting electrons and form hydrogen gas.
(e) (i) oxygen gas
24
V
1000
(ii)
n= g =
=0.001 mol
m.v
24
Q p=n N A=0.001 6.021 023=6.021 020 molecule

( )

4. (a) (i) Copper (II) oxide


(ii) green colour
(iii) sodium/potassium carbonate solution
(iv) Cu(NO3)2 + Na2CO3 CuCO3 + 2NaNO3.
(b) blue precipitate is formed. The blue precipitate dissolves and form blue solution in
excess ammonia
solution.
(c) Brown ring test. 3 cm3 of iron (II) sulphate is added to solution Z. 3 cm3 of dilute
sulphuric acid is then added and the mixture solution is well shaken. A few drops of
concentrated sulphuric acid is then added down the side of slanting/inclined test

tube without shaking it. A brown ring is formed inferred that nitrate ion is present
in the solution Z.
5. (a) the volume of carbon dioxide gas released per unit volume of time.
MV ( 0.1 ) (25)
(b) (i) n=
=
=0.0025 mol
1000
1000
(ii)
According to chemical equation, 2 mol of HNO3 will produce 1 mol of CO2.
Hence, 0.0025 mol of HNO3 will produce 0.00125 mol of CO2.

Vg
, V g =n m . v=0.00125 24=0.03 d m 3
m.v
(iii)
Volume of Carbon dioxide gas released (cm3)
n=

Time(s)

(iv) The rate of reaction in Experiment I is lower than Experiment II.


(v) The rate of reaction in Experiment II is higher than Experiment I because the
temperature of nitric
acid in Experiment II is higher than Experiment I. When the temperature of
nitric acid increase, the hydrogen ion from nitric acid and carbonate ions
contain more average kinetic energy thus moving faster and collide more
energetically. Moving faster causes the hydrogen ion to collide more with
carbonate ions that increase the frequency of collision. Besides, the hydrogen
ions and carbonate ions will collide more energetically thus more colliding ions
can overcome the activation energy needed for reaction. These two changes
increase the frequency of effective collision between hydrogen ion and
carbonate ions. Hence, the rate of reaction increase.
6. (a) to prevent the two solution from mixing while allow movement of ions that
complete the circuit.
(b) from electrode L to electrode M through external circuit.
(c) (i) Iron (III) ion, Fe3+.
(ii) A few drops of potassium thiocyanate solution is added to the solution at
electrode L and shaken. Blood red colouration formed inferred that Iron (III) ion,
Fe3+ ion is present.
(d) Br2 + 2e- 2Br-.
(e) The orange colour of acidified potassium dichromate (VI) solution turns green.
Dichromate (VI) ion,
Cr2O72- ions which is orange in colour gain electrons from iron (II) ion and is reduced
into chromium, Cr3+ ion which is green.
(f)

7. (a) (i) Empirical formula = CH

Formula that show simplest ratio of number of C atom and number of H atom in
benzene is 1:1
Molecular formula = C6H6
Formula that show actual number of C atom and number of H atom in benzene is
6:6
(ii) Methane, CH4. Empirical formula = CH4 molecular formula = CH4.
(b) (i)
Elements
Mass of 100g
Number of mole, n
Mole ratio

C
80g
80
=6.67
12
6.67
=1
6.67

H
20g
20
=20
1
20
=3
6.67
CH3

Empirical formula
molecular formula=( empirical formula )n
molecular formula=( CH 3 )n
30= [ 12+3( 1) ] n
30
=n
15
2=n
molecular formula=( CH 3 )2=C 2 H 6
(ii)

2C 2 H 6+7 O2 4 C O2 +6 H 2 O

(c) (i) E: alkane, CnH2n+2, n = 1, 2, 3., Butane


Butene

J: alkene, CnH2n, n = 2, 3, 4, .,

4C
48
100 = 100 =82.7
C 4 H 10
58
4C
48
100 = 100 =85.7
Percentage of carbon by mass of butene =
C4 H8
56
Butene burns with more sootiness/produce more soot than butane because
butene has higher
percentage of carbon by mass than butane.

(ii) Percentage of carbon by mass of butane =

8a) (i) P: Bronze


- resistant to corrosion
Q: Borosilicates glass: resistant to thermal shock/does not crack easily
(ii)

The presence of tin atom which has different size with copper atom
disrupt the orderly arrangement of atoms in copper. This reduce the ability of
layers of atom from sliding when force is applied. Hence, bronze is harder than
copper.
(b) (i) 2SO2 + O2 2SO3.
Sulphur dioxide gas is converted into sulphur trioxide gas by reacting sulphur
dioxide gas and oxygen gas under 4500C and presence of vanadium (V) oxide
Catalysts and pressure of 1 atmospheric pressure.

(ii) Step I: SO3 + H2SO4


sulphur trioxide gas is
Liquid.
Step II: H2S2O7 + H2O
The oleum is then diluted

H2S2O7.
absorbed by concentrated sulphuric acid to form oleum
2H2SO4.
with water to form sulphuric acid.

mass
48 g
=
=1.5 mol
molar mass 32
Chemical equation: 1 mol of S will produce 1 mol of SO2. Hence, 1.5 mol of S
produce 1.5 mol of SO2.
Volume of Gas
3
n=
,Volume of Gas=1.5 24=36 d m
molar volume
(iii) S + O2 SO3

n=

9. (a) (i) T: sodium chloride solution/ copper (II) sulphate solution


V: methylbenzene, trichloroethane, chloroform, propanone
There is free moving ions in T solution that can conduct electricity. In V solution,
There is only covalent molecules but no free moving ions to conduct electricity.
(ii) Zinc metal is more electropositive than copper metal in the electrochemical
series.
Zinc metal will lose electrons and form zinc ion.
Zn Zn2+ + 2e-.
Zinc electrode act as negative terminal (anode) and becomes thinner.
The electron flow from zinc metal to copper metal through external circuit.
[If T is Copper (II) sulphate solution]
At copper electrode, Copper (II) ions and hydrogen ions will be attracted to the
copper cathode
(positive terminal). Copper (II) ions is lower than hydrogen ions in the
Electrochemical Series is selectively discharged by accepting electrons to form
copper atom.
Cu2+ + 2e Cu
[If T is Sodium chloride solution]
At copper electrode, sodium ions and hydrogen ions are attracted to the copper
cathode. Hydrogen ion is lower than sodium Na+ ions will be selectively
discharged by accepting electrons to form
hydrogen molecules.
2H+ + 2e- H2.
Colourless gas bubbles is released at copper cathode.
The continuous flow of electrons from zinc electrode to copper electrode cause the
flow in current
and voltmeter deflects.
9 (b) Aim: To prepare 100 cm3 0.5 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution from 2.0 mol dm-3 sodium
hydroxide
solution
Materials: 2.0 mol dm sodium hydroxide solution, distilled water
Apparatus: volumetric flask 100 cm3, pipette 25 cm3,
Calculation:
M1V1 = M2V2
(2.0)(V1) = (0.5)(100)
V1 = 25 cm3.
Procedure: 25 cm3 of 2.0 mol dm-3 of sodium hydroxide solution is measured using a
pipet and transferred
-3

into a 100 cm3 volumetric flask.


Distilled water is added into the volumetric flask until the solution level
approaches the calibration mark.
A stopper is used to add distilled water until the meniscus of level of
solution exactly reaches the calibration mark.
The volumetric flask is stoppered and well shaken.

10a) (i) L : Zinc/ Magnesium


R: Iron / Tin
Magnesium is more electropositive than iron. When copper is displaced by a
more
electropositive metal which has larger difference in electropositivity, the heat
of displacement will be higher.
(ii) Mg + CuSO4 MgSO4 + Cu
MV ( 0.2 ) (50 )
H
n=
=
=0.01 mol H= , H=n H=0.01 336 kJ =3.36 kJ
1000
1000
n
H=mc
3.36 1000=( 50 )( 4.2 ) =16 C
10 (b) Aim: to determine the heat of precipitation of silver chloride
Materials: 0.5 mol dm-3 Silver nitrate solution, 0.5 mol dm-3 sodium chloride
solution
Apparatus: Polystyrene cup, thermometer, measuring cylinder.
Procedure: 25 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 silver nitrate solution is measured and poured
into a
polystyrene cup.
The initial temperature of the silver nitrate solution is measured after a few
minutes.
25 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 sodium chloride solution is measured and poured
into another
polystyrene cup.
The initial temperature of the sodium chloride solution is measured after a
few
minutes.
Silver nitrate solution is mixed into the sodium chloride solution quickly and
carefully
and the mixture is stirred continuously.
The highest temperature is measured and recorded.
Discussion: The heat released in the experiment is calculated by using H = mc
The heat of precipitation is calculated by using
H
H=
number of mole of precipitate
End of Question and Answer

MRSM Chemistry Trial Paper 3 Marking Scheme


1 (a) initial 0.10 cm3, 24.90 cm3, 1.00 cm3 Final 24.90 cm3, 49.50 cm3, 25.70 cm3
(b)
Titration Set
I
II
III
Initial Burette Reading
0.10
24.90
1.00
(cm3)
Final Burette Reading
24.90
49.50
25.70
(cm3)
Volume of Hydrochloric
24.80
24.60
24.70
acid added (cm3)
24.80+24.60+24.70
=24.70 cm3 .
(c) i) Average of hydrochloric acid required=
3
MV 0.1 ( 24.70 )
n HCl=
=
=0.00247 mol
ii) HCl+ NaOH NaCl+ H 2 O
1000
1000
1 mol HCl will neutralise 1mol of NaOH , hence 0.00247 mol HCl will neutralise 0.00247 mol of NaOH
MV M ( 25 )
n NaOH =
=
=0.00247, M =0.099 mold m3
1000 1000
d) 12.35 cm3. Sulphuric acid is a strong diprotic acid while hydrochloric acid is a
strong monoprotic acid. At same concentration, sulphuric acid can produce double the
concentration of Hydrogen ions in the solution compared to hydrochloric acid.
Strong Acid
Sulphuric acid
Nitric acid
Hydrochloric acid

Weak Acid
Ethanoic acid
Methanoic acid
Carbonic acid

2. a) the time taken to collect 10 cm3 of gas in Experiment I is longer because the large
marble chips has smaller total surface area that slow down the rate of reaction.
the time taken to collect 10 cm3 of gas in Experiment II is shorter because the
marble chips powder
has larger total surface area that increase the rate of reaction.
b) i) Manipulated Variable: Total surface area of marble chips
ii) Responding variable: Rate of Reaction/ Time taken to collect 10 cm3 of gas
iii) Constant variable: Concentration of hydrochloric acid/ Mass of marble chips/
Temperature of
hydrochloric acid
c) The smaller the particle size of a fixed mass of marble chips, the larger the total
exposed surface area, hence the higher the rate of reaction.
d) When marble chips is added into the hydrochloric acid, the shorter the time taken
to collect 10 cm3 of gas, the higher is the rate of reaction.
e) The higher the temperature of surrounding, the higher the rate of drying of clothes.

3)
Aim:
to differentiate/verify the identity of hexane and hexene using
bromine water
Problem statement:
How can hexane and hexene be differentiated/verified by using bromine
water or acidified potassium manganite (VII) solution?
Hypothesis:
Bromine water can be used to differentiate hexane and hexene which
hexene will decolourise brown bromine water but hexane will no change the
brown bromine water.
Or
Acidified potassium manganite (VII) solution can be used to differentiate
hexane and hexene which hexene will decolourise purple acidified potassium
manganite (VII) solution but hexane will not.
Manipulate Variable: hexane and hexene (type of hydrocarbon)
Responding Variable: The change in colour of brown bromine water/ the
change in colour of purple acidified potassium manganate
(VII) solution
Constant Variable: Volume of hexane and hexene, the addition of bromine
water or acidified potassium manganite (VII) solution
Materials: bromine water or acidified potassium manganite (VII) solution,
hexane, hexene
Apparatus: dropper, test tube,
Procedure:
1. 5 cm3 of hexane liquid is poured into a test tube.
2. A few drops of bromine water/ acidified potassium manganate (VII)
solution is added and well shaken.
3. Any change on colour of bromine water/ acidified potassium manganate
(VII) solution is observed and recorded in table.
4. Step 1-3 is repeated by replacing hexane with hexene liquid.
Tabulation of data:
Type of hydrocarbon
hexane
hexene

Observation