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ASSIGNMENT : PHOTOSHOPE

1. Rectangular marquee tool

The Rectangular Marquee tool is used for making rectangular selections


within an image. It is among the most basic of tools, and appears in most
every image editing program available. It can be used to prepare an image
for cropping, while the similar Crop tool automatically completes the crop
when used.
2. Elliptical marquee tool

First, click the mouse button, and then


before you move the mouse, hold down Alt (Option on the Mac) and drag.
Release your mouse and then the key when you have your desired
selection. If you want to draw from the center out and want a perfect
circle, hold down the Shift key, as well.

3. Lasso tool

The lasso tool behavior is more or less identical to that of the marquee
selection tools and the same modifier key rules apply. To use the standard,
freehand lasso tool, just drag around the area to be selected holding down
the mouse as you draw. When you release the mouse, the last point of the
lasso selection drawn will join up with the starting point to form a
complete selection.As with the marquee selection tools, you can hold
down the Shift key and then drag with the lasso or polygon lasso tool to
add to an existing selection. Or, you can hold down the Option/Alt key to
subtract from an existing selection, or hold down the
Shift+Option/Shift+Alt keys to intersect with an existing selection. Note
that if you hold down the Option/Alt key, the freehand lasso tool
temporarily switches to a polygon lasso tool mode. Figure 1 below shows
the freehand lasso tool Options bar.

4.

Polygonal lasso tool

Photoshop's Polygonal Lasso Tool, another of its basic selections tools, is a


bit like a cross between the Rectangular Marquee Tool and the standard
Lasso Tool, both of which we looked at in previous tutorials. It allows us to
easily draw freeform selection outlines based on straight-sided polygonal
shapes. But while the Rectangular Marquee Tool limits us to drawing 4sided polygons (rectangles or squares), the Polygonal Lasso Tool lets us
draw as many sides as we need, with as much freedom as the Lasso Tool
gives us to move in any direction we need.
5. Magnetic lasso tool

An edge selection tool that detects an


images edges and automatically selects the pixels around them.
Selections are freehand, but with assistance from Photoshop. This gives it
a high degree of precision, particularly if there is some contrast between

image and the background. You can think of it as a mix between the Pen
tool and the Quick Selection tool.

6. Magic wand tool

The Magic Wand Tool, known simply as the Magic Wand, is one of the
oldest selection tools in Photoshop. Unlike other selection tools that select
pixels in an image based on shapes or by detecting object edges, the
Magic Wand selects pixels based on tone and color. Many people tend to
get
7. Crop tool

One of the great new features in


Photoshop CS6 is the improved and enhanced Crop Tool. If you've been
using earlier versions of Photoshop to crop your photos, you'll find quite a
few changes with CS6, all designed to make cropping and straightening
images easier and more flexible than ever before. In this tutorial, we'll
learn how it works.

8. Healing brush tool

The Healing Brush tool allows you to fix


image imperfections such as scratches, blemishes, etc. By sampling the
surrounding area or using a predefined pattern you can blend the
imperfections into the rest of the image.
9. Spot healing brush tool

The spot healing brush is the default healing tool in Photoshop and can be
used to clone areas from an image and blend the pixels from the sampled
area seamlessly with the target area. The basic principle is that the
texture from the sample area is blended with the color and luminosity
surrounding wherever you paint. The main difference between this and the
standard healing brush is that the spot healing brush requires no source
point. You simply click on the blemishes you want to get rid of (or drag

with the tool to paint over the larger areas you wish to repair) and the spot
healing brush works out the rest for you. It is in many ways a lot easier to
use than the standard healing brush and extremely effective at removing
most blemishes and marks.
10.Patch Tool

The
patch
tool uses the same complex algorithm as the healing brush to carry out its
blend calculations, but the patch tool works with selection-defined areas
instead of a brush. When the patch tool is selected, it initially operates in a
lasso selection mode that can be used to define the area to patch from or
patch to
11.Red Eye Tool

Red eye in
portraits is caused
when the flash source is used too close to the lens
axis
and the pupils of the eye are wide open. One way to avoid this happening is to
set your camera flash to red eye mode (if available). The camera will usually pop

a single or short series of flashes just before firing the main camera flash
exposure. Failing that, the red eye tool in Photoshop is an easy-to-use tool for
removing red eye from photographs that have been taken with a direct flash
source.
12.Clone Stamp Tool

The process involves setting a sampling point in the image which will be used
as a reference to create a new cloned area. Select the Clone Stamp tool ,
then check the settings in the options bar. Make sure you have a brush size
appropriate for the job.

13.Background Eraser Tool

In this Photoshop tutorial, we look at the Background Eraser Tool and how we
can use it to easily remove background areas of an image. The Background
Eraser is especially useful with photos that contain lots of fine detail along the
edges between the foreground and background, like, for example, if you want
to erase the sky in an image without first having to select all of the trees
below it.

14.Magic Eraser Tool

The magic eraser tool erases all colours within a set tolerance. This is
essentially the same as using the magic wand and hitting delete . Using
this tool you don't need to drag just click once .

15.Colour Replacement Tool

In a previous tutorial, we looked at the Background Eraser and why it's one
of the best tools in Photoshop for removing unwanted areas of an image.
In this tutorial, we'll learn all about the Color Replacement Tool and how it
enables us to change the color of an object in a photo without a lot of fuss
or hassle.

16.Blur Tool

The Blur
tool
uses the current brush to locally blur or sharpen your image
17.Sharpen Tool

The Sharpen tool in Photoshop Elements increases the contrast among


adjacent pixels to give the illusion that things are sharper. This tool should
be used with restraint, however. Sharpen can quickly give way to overly
grainy and noisy images if youre not cautious. Use a light hand and keep
the areas you sharpen small.

18.Burn Tool

In older versions of Photoshop, when we wanted to burn, we had to jump


through a bunch of hoops (creating special layers, and using blend modes
and such).
19.Sponge Tool

The sponge tool is an amazing but not a well known tool that is incredibly
useful. It allows you to choose a brush to desaturate or saturate a certain

area on a picture. For those of you who do not known desaturate is to take
colour
away
and to
saturate
is to
add
more
colour or brighten a picture.

20.Pen Tool

The Pen Tool makes appearances across almost the entire Adobe product
range. Its function and behavior varies depending on the application, but
by mastering it youll find you work quicker, smoother and with better
results. This guide will give you a comprehensive basis for working with
the Pen Tool in Photoshop.