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Instructor: Sir Tim

Summer Term

ECE Department, TUP Manila

Engineering Electromagnetics

Coulombs Law

POINT CHARGES

Engineering Electromagnetics

ATOMIC MODEL

Engineering Electromagnetics

VALENCE

The NUMBER OF ELECTRONS in THE

OUTERMOST SHELL determines the

valence of the atom

The outermost shell is called the

VALENCE SHELL

The electrons residing in the outermost

shell is called VALENCE ELECTRONS

Engineering Electromagnetics

Electrostatics

Deals with the phenomena due to the

ATTRACTIONS OR REPULSIONS OF

ELECTRIC CHARGES that are NOT

MOVING.

Engineering Electromagnetics

Static Electricity

Engineering Electromagnetics

Coulombs Law

Coulombs First Law of Electrostatics

The size of the force of attraction or repulsion

between two charges is DIRECTLY

proportional to the value of the charge

The size of the force varies INVERSELY as

the square of the distance between the two

charges

Engineering Electromagnetics

Mathematical Form

k = 1/(4pi),

(for air o = shift constant 32)

F force in newtons

Q1 and Q2 charge in coulombs

r distance bet. two charges in meters

ECE Department, TUP Manila

Engineering Electromagnetics

NATURE OF CHARGES

LIKE charges REPEL

UNLIKE charges ATTRACT

Engineering Electromagnetics

ELECTRIC FIELD

Defined as the force per unit positive

charge that would be experienced by a

stationary point charge in a given location

in a field

The space between and around the

charged bodies where their influence is felt

Engineering Electromagnetics

ELECTRIC FIELD

Engineering Electromagnetics

ELECTRIC FIELD

k = 1/(4pi),

N/C

Q charge in coulombs

r distance in meters

ECE Department, TUP Manila

Engineering Electromagnetics

Problem 1

Point charges 1 mC and -2 mC are located

at (3, 2, -1) and (-1, -1, 4) respectively.

Calculate the electric force on a 10-nC

charge located at (0, 3, 1) and the electric

field intensity at that point.

E = -650.7ax 381.7ay 750.6az kV/m

ECE Department, TUP Manila

Engineering Electromagnetics

Problem 2

Two point charges of equal mass m, charge

Q are suspended at a common point by two

threads of negligible mass and length l.

Show that at equilibrium, the inclination

angle of each thread to the vertical is

given by

2 = 16 2 sin2 tan

Engineering Electromagnetics

Problem 3

A practical application of electrostatics

separation of solids. Assuming zero initial

velocity and displacement, determine the

separation between the particles after falling

80 cm. Take E = 500 kV/m and Q/m = 9

C/kg for both positively and negatively

charged particles.

Ans: 73.4 cm

ECE Department, TUP Manila

Engineering Electromagnetics

Coulombs Law

CHARGE DISTRIBUTION

Engineering Electromagnetics

where:

V is the volume charge density; and

Q is the total charge within some finite volume

Engineering Electromagnetics

2

where:

L is the

density

Engineering Electromagnetics

line

charge

2

where:

S is the surface charge

density

Engineering Electromagnetics

Problem 1

Find the force on a point charge 50 C at (0,

0, 5) m due to a circular disk with surface

charge density of s = 20 C/m2 and 5

m, z = 0 m.

Ans: F = 16.5az N

Engineering Electromagnetics

Problem 2

The finite sheet 0 1, 0 1 on the z

= 0 plane has

a charge density =

3

( 2 + 2 + 25)2 nC/m2. Find:

(a) the total charge on the sheet

(b) the electric field at (0, 0, 5)

(c) the force experienced by a -1 mC charge

located at (0, 0, 5)

(b) E = -1.5ax, -1.5ay, 11.25az V/m

(c) F = 1.5ax, 1.5ay, -11.25az mN

ECE Department, TUP Manila

Engineering Electromagnetics

Problem 3

Determine E at (2, 0, 2) m due to three

standard charge distributions as follows: a

uniform sheet at x = 0 m with s1 = (1/3)

nC/m2, a uniform sheet at x = 4 m with s2

= (-1/3) nC/m2, and a uniform line at x =

6 m, y = 0 m with l = -2 nC/m.

Ans: E = 21ax V/m

Engineering Electromagnetics

Thank you.

Lecture 1: Coulomb's Law

Engineering Electromagnetics

Timothy M. Amado

Faculty, Electronics Engineering Department

Technological University of the Philippines Manila

tim.amado08@gmail.com

ECE Department, TUP Manila

Engineering Electromagnetics

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