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MX3EG1A

Automatic Synchronizer

TECHNICAL MANUAL

MDE/A133 2295 001

ABCD

Appositely left blank

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

SUMMARY
1. TECHNICAL DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3. OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1 Parallel sequence start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2 Voltage regulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2.1 Max. deviation bar voltage/rated voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2.2 Min. generator voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2.3 Max. voltage difference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3 Frequency regulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3.1 Max. deviation rated frequency/ bar frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3.2 Max. deviation rated frequency/ generator frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3.3 Max. frequency difference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4 Load pulse and parallel command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5 Dead-bar mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5.1 DB dead-bar mode OFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5.2 DB dead-bar mode ON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5.3 DB dead-bar mode ON-CHECK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.6 Main and spare settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7
7
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9

4. ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
4.1 Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
4.2 Output circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
4.3 LED signalling circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.4 Digital inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.5 Counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.6 Event log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.7 Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.8 Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.9 Alphanumeric code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
4.10 Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
4.11 LCD settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
4.12 Inhibiting operation-deconfiguration from network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
4.13 Serial communication on LONWORKS (TM) bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
4.14 RS485 serial communication on MODBUS protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.15 Oscilloperturbography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5. LOCAL INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

pag. 3

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

6. LCD MENU STRUCTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


6.1 MAIN READING MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.1 Changing dialogue language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.2 Changing date and time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.3 Displaying settings in use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.4 Displaying main settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.5 Displaying spare settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.6 Displaying current measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.7 Displaying counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.8 Displaying events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.9 Displaying output relays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.10 Displaying digital inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.11 Displaying leds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.12 Displaying relay data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.13 Displaying diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2 MAIN SETTING CHANGE MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.1 Selecting current setting group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.2 Changing main settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.3 Changing spare settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.4 Setting output relays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.5 Setting digital inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.6 Setting LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.7 Setting alphanumeric code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.8 LCD back-lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3 TEST MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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20
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22

7. APPLICATION AND USE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22


8. INSTALLATION - TRANSPORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.1 ESD electrostatic charges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.2 Acceptance-storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.3 Assembling and connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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23

9. SETTING THE UNIT AT WORK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


9.1 Safety regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.2 Checking nameplate ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.3 Final inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

23
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23

APPENDIX A - Network data exchange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

pag. 4

MX3EG1A
1. TECHNICAL DATA
The device belongs to the Modulex 3 line, and processes with a
numerical technique two phase voltages to provide the automatic
synchronization besides several additional functions.
The user's interface is available locally through the presence of
a display unit and remotely through a LONWORKS (TM)b bus with
a control and monitoring system.
It is furthermore capable of dialoguing with a Personal Computer
through a special connector placed on the relay front and an
interface programme; this feature makes it easier and safer to
programme the setting and configure parameters and read the
set values, measurements and logged events; the programming
can also be performed from previously created files.
Control functions:

max. rated frequency/bar frequency deviation


max rated frequency/generator frequency deviation
max. rated voltage /bar voltage deviation
min. generator voltage value
max frequency difference
max. frequency voltage difference
max. phase difference
max. time for parallel operation execution
max. no.of parallel attempts
live bar/dead bar control
possibility of two settings groups - spare and main settings

Measurements functions:
effect. Ub bar voltage value expressed in Ubn multiples
effect. Ug generator voltage value expressed in Ugn multiples
fb bar frequency value expressed in Hz
fg generator frequency value expressed in Hz
phase difference between bar voltage and Dp generator voltage
expressed in grades
logging of the last eight events with storage of event type, date,
time, valuesof Ub,Ug, fb, fg, Dp measurements, no. of parallel
attempts and parallel time
oscilloperturbography: recording, for a total time equalling 2.5
s, of the instant values (12 samples per period) of the inputs
measurements (Ub,Ug) and of the 18 logical states among
which are digital inputs, end relays and leds
RCE: recording of the last 32 state changes (with relative date
and time); they are only available through PC or network.
Other functions:
selection of rated frequency within 50Hz and 60Hz
selection of dialogue language (Italian, English, French and
Spanish)
self-monitoring with detailed indication of the fault and alarm
through LEDs and "normally energized" output relays (X6)
possibility of serial communication both with a local PC and on
LONWORKS (TM) bus
possibility of assigning one or more functions of the device to
each output relay and each LED
possibility of setting all the output relays to "normally energized"
or "normally de-energized"

MDE/A133 2295 001


possibility of selecting, for each LED, the monostable or
bistable operating mode (stored)
optoinsulated digital inputs which can be programmed for
control and reset functions. These can be individually enabled
by normal energizing or de-energizing, on front or o on level.
They can also be used to control the continuity of the tripping
circuit
partial and total counters for each kind of event
MAIN SETTINGS
Main parameters
bar rated voltage:
Ubn:
40 130 V
generator rated voltage:
Ugn:
40 130 V
by steps of
0.1 V
measuring range:
0 200 V
oper.frequency range for measurements for fn 50Hz:
10 60 Hz
oper.frequencyca range for measurements for fn 60Hz:
10 72 Hz
permanent overloading:
200 V
overloading for 10 s:
250 V
burden with 100 V:
0.6 VA per phase
Synchronization parameters
parallel sequence max. time
by steps of
max. number of parallel attempts
by steps of
closing command pulse time
closing delay
occurred-closing wait time
by steps of
fb/fn max.deviation
fg/fn max. deviation
Ub/Ubn max. deviation
Ug/Ugn min. generator voltage
by steps of
stability time
by steps of
max. frequency difference
by steps of
max. voltage difference
by steps of
max. phase difference
by steps of
live bar, parallel mode

ts:
Ns:
tc:
tr:
twc:
Dfb:
Dfg:
DUb:
DUg:
td:
Df:
DU:
Dp:
LB:

dead bar

DB:

dead bar level


by steps of

Ud:

1 30 min
1 min
1 10
1
0.10 9.99 s
0.02 0.99 s
0.10 9.99 s
0.01 s
() 1 5 %
() 1 20 %
() 1 5 %
70 85 %
1%
0.1 10.0 s
0.1 s
() 0.02 0.50 Hz
0.01 Hz
() 1 30 %
1%
() 1 30
1
NORM
SUBSYNC
SUPERSYNC
OFF
ON
ON CHECK
0.10 0.30 Ubn
0.01 Ubn

Frequency regulator parameters


frequency regulating mode
frequency regulation pulse time
frequency regulation min. pause time
frequency regulation max. pause time
by steps of
load pulse
load pulse time
by steps of

CPf:
tfpu:
tfpa:
tfpm:
LP:
tlp:

CONT-PULSE
0.10 9.99 s
1.00 9.99 s
10.00 99.99 s
0.01 s
ON-OFF
0.10 9.99 s
0.01 s

pag. 5

MX3EG1A
Voltage regulator parameters
voltage regulation mode
voltage regulation pulse time
voltage regulation pause time
by steps of
ADDITIONAL SETTINGS
bar TV primary rated voltage:
generator TV primary rated voltage:
by steps of:
rated frequency

MDE/A133 2295 001

CPU:
tupu:
tupa:

CONT-PULSE
0.10 9.99 s
0.10 9.99 s
0.01 s

fn:

100 1000000 V
100 1000000 V
1V
50 o 60 Hz

Uaux:
Uaux:

19 100 Vcc
19 72 Vca

Uaux:
Uaux:

64 300 Vcc
64 275 Vca
47 63 Hz
5 W / 10 W
10VA / 20VA

Auxiliary power supply


versions MX3EG1A.11, .61 and .71

versions MX3EG1A.12, .62 and .72

a.c. frequency for Uaux:


d.c.burden (min/max):
a.c.burden (min/max):

Contacts features
rated current:
5A
breaking power (110 Vcc; L/R= 40 ms; 105 operations):
0.3 A
closing and capacity for 0.5 s:
30 A
mechanical life:
106 operations
Digital inputs
versions MX3EG1A.11, .61 and .71
Uaux IN DIG:
input resistance:
versions MX3EG1A.12, .62 and .72
Uaux IN DIG:
input resistance:

19 100 Vcc
9 kohm
64 264 Vcc
48 kohm

Errors of measuring equipment


Voltage thresholds
relative error:
fidelity error:

2.5% on point + 0.02 V


0.02 V

Frequency thresholds
relative error:
fidelity error:

0.01 Hz
0.01 Hz

Phase thresholds
relative error:
fidelity error:

1
1

Error variations
as frequency varies within 5% fn (for voltage values) 10Hz (for
frequency values) and with distorsion factor 5%
Voltage threshold
relative error:

0.5% on point + 0.02 V

Timing error variation


as frequency varies within 5% fn (for voltage values) 10Hz (for
frequency values) and with distortion factor 5%
relative error on independent times:
1% or 10 ms
as temperature and Uaux vary within the operation field
relative error on independent times:
0.5% or 10 ms
Further characteristics
Max.threshold drop-out ratio:
Min. threshold drop-out ratio:
Max.frequency drop-out thresholds:
Min.frequency drop-out thresholds:
drop-out time:
idle time (overshoot):

Operating ranges
Operating temperature:
-10 C +60 C
storage and transport temperature:
-25 C +80 C
relative humidity:
< 95% without formation of condensate
vibrations:
IEC255-21-1; class 2; 0.075mm 10-60Hz; 1g 60-500Hz
Weight
Total:
Protection class
device:
on request, front panel:
terminal board with mounted covering:

0.25% on point + 0.01 V

for asymmetric quantities


relative error in the presence of unidirectional:

Timing errors
relative error on independent times:
fidelity error on independent times:

pag. 6

5%

3% o 20 ms
1% o 20 ms

2.5 Kg

IP52
IP66
IP20

Insulation
To ground and between two independent circuits:
2 kV, 50 Hz per minute
Pulse holding:
5 kV 1.2/50 s
Electromagnetic compatibility
89/336/ECC directive : EN50081-2 EN50082-2
For industrial environments
UNIPEDE NORM(SPEC)13 "Automation and control apparatus for
generating station and substation"
ENEL R_EMC_02 "Apparati di automazione e controllo per centrali e
stazioni elettriche".
Electromagnetic compatibility conditions:
IEC 1000-4-8 EN 61000-4-8
lev.5; 1000 A/m
IEC 1000-4-10 EN 61000-4-10
lev.5; 100 A/m
IEC 1000-4-3 ENV 50140
lev.3; 10 V/m
77B(Sec)1
ENV 50204
lev.3; 10 V/m
IEC 1000-4-2 EN 61000-4-2
lev.4; 8kV contact;15kV in air
77A/120/CD
lev.4 / 3; 300V / 10-1-1-10 V
IEC 1000-4-5 EN 61000-4-5
lev.4; 4kV 1.2/50 s
IEC 1000-4-12 EN 61000-4-12
lev.3; 2.5 kV
IEC 1000-4-4 EN 61000-4-4
lev.4; 4 kV
77B/144/DIS ENV 50141
lev.3; 10 V
77A(Sec)99
lev.2; 10%
IEC 1000-4-11 EN 61000-4-11
> 20 ms
IEC/CISPR 11 EN 55011
group 1 class A

as temperature and Uaux vary within the operation field


Voltage threshold
relative error:

> 0.95
< 1.03
(threshold - 0.01) Hz
(threshold + 0.01) Hz
50 ms
30 ms

Reference standards
CEI 95-1 EN 60255-6 IEC 255
Low voltage directive 73/23/ECC

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

2. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

3. OPERATION

The device features a mechanical casing that is 4U in height and


as wide as to allow up to 4 pieces to be accommodated in a 19"
rack in addition to normal flush-mounting.
The casing is made of hot-galvanized PVC-coated plate frame
inside which the movable part that carries all the electronic
circuits and the local interface slides on guides. The pull-out
action is facilitated by special 'handles', which, when the device
is "plugged in", are also used to lock the two parts. The aluminium
frame of the moving part renders the latter excellently rigid.
The device/system interface terminal blocks are located on the
rear side of the casing and, for each electrical connection, a
screw clamp is available to receive up to 2 cable terminals, 4mm2
i
in size; using a special accessory that is included in the supply,
the connection can also be made by means of Faston units.
Special error-sensing codes avoid inserting relays other than
those compatible with the housing.
A cover lid classes the terminal block within the IP20 protection.
When the movable part is pulled out, the voltage and auxiliary
circuits are disconnected.
The device front bears two labels:
one plate listing the factory settings of the device, namely auxiliary
voltage and frequency;
the other plate, always in accordance with the factory settings,
provides a description of LED signals.
Both these plates can be easily replaced with new ones, showing
all the information as required by the client.
As far as the factory settings relevant to output relays, LEDs,
digital inputs and relative settings are concerned, refer to tables
A, B and C.

3.1 Parallel sequence start


Upon enabling the digital input associated with LB start (with
enabling characteristic on front) the stability timer td is started to
allow any external settings to be made; when the td time is over,
the device begins the parallel sequence.
The sequence can be stopped by enabling the digital input
associated with STOP, An EXT 1 or An EXT 2 (respectively, for
manual sequence interruption or external failures).
In this case, the command relative to the synchronization
sequence interrupted by STOP or an external event EXT1 or
EXT2 as well as any signal corresponding to the event are sent;
the partial and total counter corresponding to the mentioned event
is incremented and the event logging is enabled.
Once the parallel has been performed, the sequence is interrupted
when the signal of "closed breaker" is received (enabling of the
digital input associated with CH52).
3.2 Voltage regulator
3.2.1 Max. deviation bar voltage/rated voltage
The device works by comparing the Ub bar voltage with the Ubn
bar rated voltage.
When the deviation between the voltages exceeds the DUb set
value, the 'START request failed' command - due to Ub out-oftolerance condition - as well as any signal corresponding to the
event are sent; the partial and total counter relative to the event
is incremented and the event logging is enabled.
3.2.2 Min. generator voltage
The device works by comparing the Ug generator voltage with the
Ugn generator rated voltage.
When the Ug voltage falls below the DUg set value, the 'START
request failed' command - due to Ug out-of-tolerance condition as well as any signal corresponding to the event are sent; the
partial and total counter relative to the mentioned event is
incremented and the event logging is enabled.
3.2.3 Max. voltage difference
The device works by comparing the Ub bar voltage with the Ug
generator voltage.
When the difference between the modules of the two voltages
modules expressed in Ubn and Ugn multiples, exceeds the DU
set value, the 'voltage increase' (if Ug<Ub) or 'voltage decrease'
(if Ug>Ub) command is sent.
The voltage increase/decrease commands can be of 'continuous'
or 'pulse' type depending on the regulation mode that has been
set, that is CPU CONT or PULSE.
If the PULSE mode has been set, the pulse time is defined by the
tupu set parameter; the min. pulse interval is given by the tupa set
parameter.
The device makes it possible to obtain Ubn and Ugn values that
are different from each other. This allows the parallel to be
performed even with one TV installed upstream and the other
installed downstream a transformer with Yd group; this is made
by using, on one side, a phase-phase voltage and, on the other,
the corresponding neutral-phase voltage without the application
of any TV adapter.

pag. 7

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

3.3 Frequency regulator

3.4 Load pulse and parallel command

3.3.1Max. deviation rated frequency/ bar frequency

When none of the following thresholds: DUb, DUg, DU, Dfb, Dfg,
Df, Dp is tripping, the protection sends a parallel command with
a pulse duration equal to tc; the command is sent with a n
advance time equal to tr (breaker trip time) compared to the
expected Dp=0 phase difference instant: this to allow the breaker
to be closed just when the voltages are in phase with each other.
If after the twc time the breaker is not closed (corresponding
digital input enabling failed) and the parallel conditions are still
acceptable, a further closing command is sent; the max. number
of commands is defined by the set Ns.
If after the last attempt the breaker is not closed, the 'failed
synchronization sequence' command - once the max. number of
attempts has been reached - as well as any signal corresponding
to the event will be sent; the partial and total counter relative to the
event is incremented and the event logging is enabled.
In the same way, if the sequence has not been terminated after
the max. time ts defined for the parallel sequence, the 'failed
synchronization sequence' command - following a timeout
condition - as well as any signal corresponding to the event will be
sent; the partial and total counter relative to the mentioned event
is incremented and the event logging is enabled.
On receiving the 'breaker closed' signal, the 'correctly-performed
synchronization sequence' command is sent, the event logging
is also enabled.
Together with the 'breaker closing' command, in the event of LP
load pulse in ON mode, a frequency increase pulse is issued for
a time duration equal to tlp. This frequency increase pulse and,
therefore, the system speed are aimed at preventing energy
returns from occurring.

The device works by comparing the fb bar frequency with the fn


rated frequency.
When the deviation between the two frequencies exceeds theDfb
set value, the 'START request failed' command - due to fb outof-tolerance condition - as well as any signal corresponding to the
event are sent; the partial and total counter relative to the
mentioned event is incremented and the event logging is enabled.
3.3.2Max. deviation rated frequency/ generator frequency
The device works comparing the fg generator frequency with the
rated frequency.
When the deviation between the two frequencies exceeds the Dfg
set value, the 'START request failed' command - due to fg outof-tolerance condition - as well as any signal corresponding to the
event, are sent; the partial and total counter relative to the event
is incremented and the event logging is enabled.
3.3.3 Max. frequency difference
The device works by comparing the fb bar frequency with the fg
generator frequency.
When the difference between the two frequencies exceed the Df
set value, the 'frequency increase' (if fg<fb) or 'frequency decrease'
(if fg>fb) command is sent.
The frequency increase/decrease commands can be of
'continuous' or 'pulse' type depending on the regulation mode that
has been set, that is CPf CONT or PULSE.
If the PULSE mode has been set, the pulse time is defined by the
tfpu set parameter; the min. pulse interval is given by the tfpa set
parameter.
If the phase difference between bar and generator constantly lies
above the Dp set threshold, after a time interval equal to tfpm has
expired since the last frequency increase/decrease command,
the following types of desynchronization commands will be sent:
'frequency increase' in the event of SUPERSYNC live bar parallel
mode or 'frequency decrease' in the event of SUBSYNClive bar
parallel mode; in case of NORM live bar parallel mode the
'increase' command will be sent when the generator is in 'delay'
condition compared to the bar, whereas the 'decrease' command
will be sent when the generator is in 'advance' condition.

3.5 Dead-bar mode


The device can even be used to feed an out-of-voltage bar (dead
bar): the generator parameter can be set before the breaker
closing.
The sequence start occurs upon enabling the digital input
associated with a DB start (with enabling characteristic on front).
The dead-bar level is defined by the Ud set value; below the said
value the bar is considered as not-fed.
3.5.1 DB dead-bar mode OFF
Any request of dead-bar synchronization is ignored.
3.5.2 DB dead-bar mode ON
The device checks that the generator frequency and voltage lie
within the limits defined by Dfg and DUg, by controlling the parallel
breaker closing without carrying out any adjusting action.

pag. 8

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

3.5.3 DB dead-bar mode ON-CHECK

4. ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS

The device checks that the generator frequency and voltage lie
within the limits defined by Dfb and DUb: if these do not lie within
the mentioned limits, the device carries out all the adjusting
operations necessary to make them lie within the range of values
defined. The 'parallel breaker closing' command will be then sent.

4.1 Diagnostics

3.6 Main and spare settings


The device can store two groups of settings, namely 'main' and
spare', which can be selected through keyboard, PC or network.
The group of setting being used is shown on the display as
'SETTINGS IN USE'.
Independently of the selection made, the device can be 'forced'
to use the SPARE settings. This 'forcing' can be carried out from
the network or by permanently enabling the digital input (IN DIG 1)
configured to such aim. This condition is signalled by the
characters <!> which appear near the group already selected;
when the input is disabled, the group of settings previously
selected is restored and the characters <!> disappear (see
paragraph 6.1.3).

Diagnostic activities are envisaged which are automatically carried


out upon powering on the device as well as from time to time
during the running, and which allow the following actions to be
performed:
- signalling fault or failure conditions. This signal de-energizes
the diagnostic relay, turns off the green LED (running device)
and turns on the red LED ( faulty device);
- locking out the device in the event of faults that might entail illtimed operation (VITAL FAULTS)
- displaying the code referring to the type of fault occurred.
The following faults are defined as NOT VITAL FAULTS:
- output relay (X1 - X5) faulty
- communication faulty
- internal clock faulty
The following faults are defined as VITAL FAULTS:
- feeder faulty
- EEPROM faulty
- internal or exteranl RAM faulty
- analog/digital converter faulty
In the event of vital faults the device automatically displays the
code relative to the kind of fault occurred; if allowed by the device,
this condition can only be solved by enabling the 'settings change'
command.
In the event that, upon starting up the equipment, an EEPROM
failure makes it impossible to retrieve the information on the
selected dialogue language, the device will continue on working
using Italian as default language.
The device includes the 'Watch Dog'.
The diagnostic activity is also aimed at signalling any condition of
'inhibited equipment': the relevant code is displayed, the diagnostic
relay is de-energized and the red LED (faulty device) lights on.
This condition can only be solved by enabling the 'settings
change' command.
The diagnostic menu also indicates the date when last changes
were made to the equipment.
4.2 Output circuits
The output circuits are composed of six relays: each of them is
provided with two contacts (see block diagram).
The X6 relay, normally energized, is strictly assigned to the
diagnostic function.
Each remaining relay, if duly programmed from the keyboard, PC
or network, can be set to carry out one or more functions.
The operation of these six relays is of monostable type: that is,
it allows to immediate return to the quiescent position when the
cause that operated it is removed.
The output relays, except for the diagnostic relays, can all be
simultaneously set to 'normally energized' (NORMAL.ON=ON)
or to 'normally de-energized' (NORMAL.ON=OFF): the selection
occurs bymeans of the S1 jumper which is accessible when the
relay has been pulled out (see fig. 2a, 2b).

pag. 9

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

4.3 LED signalling circuits

4.6 Event log

The signalling circuits are made up of twelve LEDs (see fig. 3).
Four LEDs are strictly assigned to previously established signalling
functions:
- green LED (Uaux) ON in the presence of power supply and
correct feeder output voltage values
- green LED (RUN) ON with fixed light in normal conditions and
blinking light during setting change or test operations
- red LED (RUN) ON with fixed light when the diagnostics
detects a fault or the device is inhibited.
- green LED (Rx Tx) ON with fixed light when the device is
correctly connected to the network; ON with blinking light when
the communication board is not enabled or configured; OFF
when the device is provided with no communication board.
Each of the eight remaining LEDs, if duly programmed from the
keyboard, PC or network, can be:
- assigned to one or more control outputs or, in the event of
failures or events,
- pre-set for :
- monostable operation; it immediately goes off when the
cause that made it go on is removed
- bistable operation (MEMOR): the LED remains on until a
reset signal is sent from the front push-button, digital input or
serial connection. Any failure of auxiliary voltage entails the
momentary loss of the luminous signals, which are reset as
soon as the voltage is restored.
A pocket is provided close to the LEDs, where explanatory labels
can be placed.

When an event occurs, the following information is stored in


circulating memory:
- day, month, year, time, minute, second and thousandth of a
second concerning the tripping moment
- type of event
- bar frequency
- generator frequency
- bar voltage
- generator voltage
- phase difference
- total parallel time
- number of parallel attempts
All this information is called 'event'.
The circulating memory allows the last eight events to be stored,
and when this number is exceeded, a new record replaces the
older: the last event is stored as EVENT 1.
The stored events can be read from the front display unit or from
a PC serially connected to the device.
Furthermore, the device can store the last 32 changes of state
(with relative date and time) and make them readable through PC
or network only.

4.4 Digital inputs


If duly programmed from the keyboard, PC or network, each of
the five optoinsulated inputs can be assigned to one or more of the
following functions referring to the device.
- Start LB
- Start DB
- Synchronism Stop
- Ch52 parallel breaker closing
- EXT1, EXT2 external failure
The factory settings envisage that the above mentioned functions
are assigned according to the block diagram (fig. 3).
The input voltage can differ from the auxiliary voltage of the
device.
The enabling of the digital inputs can be programmed by normally
energizing or de-energizing or on front or level.
WARNING: the digital inputs associated with the Start LB
and Start DB functions must be ON on front , whereas all the
other functions must be ON on level.
4.5 Counters
Each type of tripping is associated with a partial or total counter
(see paragraph 6.1.7).
The counters work within the 0-9999 range; if 9999 is exceeded,
the counter is automatically set to zero and the counting restarts
from zero.
All the partial counters can be set to zero from the keyboard, from
PC or network.

pag. 10

4.7 Measurements
The device can display the effective current values concerning
the bar voltage expressed in Ubn multiples, the generator voltage
expressed in Ugn multiples, the bar and generator frequency
expressed in Hz, and the phase difference expressed in grades.
It also displays the effective current primary values relative to the
bar and generator voltage expressed in V.
4.8 Test
Besides the normal diagnostics already dealt with, the device
also offers, in the TEST mode, the possibility of testing the leds,
the display and the output relays.
- The LED test turns on all the LEDs from L1 to L8 and the
display unit (LCD) for two seconds.
Once the test is over, the LEDs that were supposed to be ON
before the test remain ON and the display unit goes back to the
previous information displayed; the test can be carried out
during any running condition, without affecting the operation in
progress.
- The relay test allows the output relays from X1 to X5 to be
sequentially selected and checked for correct operation. IN
this way, any external signalling or control circuit can be
tested.
The tested relay remains energized for 150 and 200 ms.
If commands are already present, the test cannot be carried
out and a message appears on the display unit.
The test on auxiliary relays does not affect counters, event
logs and LEDs.

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

4.9 Alphanumeric code

4.13 Serial communication on LONWORKS (TM) bus

The device can be identified in the system by an alphanumeric


code, which can be set by the user directly on the equipment code
or from a PC. With a network-linked device, the alphanumeric
code can only be modified by operating through the network.

In the version including the bus board, the device can communicate
with a central monitoring and control system at a speed of 1.2 5
Mbaud. The connection to the field bus is made through terminals:
43 and 45.
The communication board, which can even be added afterwards,
is enabled only if the special jumper is provided in S6, and is
disabled when the mentioned jumper is placed vertically between
S5 and S6 (see fig.1).
The positioning of the jumper in S6 without the above mentioned
communication board, causes, just as a faulty board, a failure
message to be displayed in the diagnostics function.
In the Appendix A all the data available for the network are shown.

4.10 Language
The device can display information in four languages: Italian,
English, French and Spanish. The language can be selected
through the keyboard.
4.11 LCD settings
The display can be set for fixed (OFF) or timed (ON) backlighting;
in the last case, the display lights up for 300s any time a key is
pressed.
4.12 Inhibiting operation-deconfiguration from network
Inhibiting the device is useful in already operating systems, to
avoid troubles when a protection is to be fed with voltage whose
settings are not known or meant to be changed.
The inhibiting occurs by keeping the 'setting change' key pressed
for about 2s, and using auxiliary voltage simultaneously until the
following message is displayed:
[
BLOC
]
[
]

TOP

RELAY
FRONT

When the said key is released, the condition of the inhibited


device is signalled with a message in the P fault diagnostics.
The operation reset is only made possible by selecting the setting
change function, which is however enabled; a momentary loss
of the auxiliary voltage does not change the device inhibition state.
If the device is equipped with a network board, from the BLOC
condition, by furtherly keeping the setting change key pressed for
about 2s, the following message is displayed:
[
NET RESET ? ]
[_ NO
YES _]
If confirmed, the device can even leave its network configuration.
The complete network de-configuration and inhibiting procedure
is necessary every time the device must be replaced.
The reset of an inhibited and de-configured device entails the
displaying of K fault messages until a new setting of the device
itself has not been made.
The operation reset is only made possible by selecting the setting
change function, which is however enabled.

view A-A

BOARD
NOT

BOARD
ENABLED

ENABLED

view A-A

view A-A

fig. 1

I CAUTION
Hazardous voltages canremain in the unit even in the absence
of power supply or after it has been pulled out of its casing
(capacitor storage).

pag. 11

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

4.14 RS485 serial communication on MODBUS protocol


Devices with 2.00 and higher software versions can feature three
different kinds of communication:
- no communication board
(version MX3EG1A .11 and .12);
- LonWorks(TM) communication board
(version MX3EG1A .61 and .62);
- Modbus communication board
(version MX3EG1A .71 and .72);
The type of communication board installed is automatically
recognized.
In the event of device with LonWorks(TM) communication board it
is necessary to carry out the connection as provided for and set
all the connected devices. This is automatically possible by
connecting a PC equipped with PCLTA10 or SLTA10 board to a
CORMOX2 programme.
In the event of device with Modbus communication board, each
relay can be set through the front interface or through the IRMA2
programme installed on PC connected to the front serial port. The
configuration can be carried out even on relays which are still
connected to one another and can be pre-set on files together
with other information.

The configuration of the Modbus communication board requires


the following parameters:

PARAMETER
Speed

Parity

VALUE
300 Baud
600 Baud
1200 Baud
2400 Baud
4800 Baud
9600 Baud
19200 Baud
38400 Baud
NONE
EVEN
ODD

Data bits

7
8

Stop bits

1
2

Address

pag. 12

1 - 255 (0 broadcast)

These parameters can be modified in loco or from the network.


To this aim, the following extension of the 'RELAY DATA' has
been added :
[MX3EG1A
[Sw Vers

] relay type
2.00/01] software version

[PLANT IDENTIFIER]
[GenPan
] plant identifier

[SPEED 38400 Bb ] speed setting


[PARITY NONE
] parity setting
[DATA BIT
[STOP BIT

[ADDRESS
[

8 ] data bit setting


1 ] stop bit setting
111 ] address setting
]

Upon request, the message describing documents referring to the two


different versions, LonWorks(TM) and Modbus, can be supplied.

4.15 Oscilloperturbography
The device can record the course of the two input voltages - Ub
and Ug - and the logic states of the: 8 LEDs, 5 auxiliary relays and
5 digital inputs. The total recording time equals 2.5s, and can be
divided into variable time before start-up and variable time after
start-up. The oscilloperturbography function can be started for:
remote control (from PC or network) of Start LB or Start DB,
remote control of Stop, synchronization sequence correctly
concluded, synchronization sequence failed, digital input enabling.
The selection of the start parameters, the graphic display and the
oscilloperturbography function reset can be made through PC or
network. The function reset can also be enabled by interrupting
the auxiliary voltage for a short time.

MX3EG1A
5. LOCAL INTERFACE

The local interface is made up of:


- a LCD display unit organized on two lines of sixteen characters
each.
Through a special keyboard-controlled scanning, the display
unit enables the settings to be read and changed, the
measurements, the counters, the logged events and the
diagnostic information to be read.
- A keyboard made up of six keys, five of which can even be
reached when the cover lid is fitted through a special link.
In addition to the above-mentioned scanning, the keyboard is
also used to change the settings, carry out tests that require
commands to be sent and stored indications to be set to zero;
the keys that can be reached when the cover lid is fitted only
allow for read-out and reset operations.
Key

It allows the menu to be scrolled


upwards or the value to be increased if
the settings change function is enabled.
[]

Key

It allows the menu to be scrolled


downwards or the value to be
decreased if the settings change
function is enabled. []

Key

It allows the menu to be scrolled to the


right or the value to change to be
selected if the settings change function
is enabled.[]

MDE/A133 2295 001


Key

It allows the menu to be scrolled to the


left and the value to change to be
selected if the settings change function
is enabled. []

Key

It allows the stored LEDs indications to


be reset if the cause has been removed,
or the partial counters to be reset if they
are in the 'display counters' menu.
It sets the end relays to quiescent state
when they are set to bistable operation.

Key

If pressed for at least 2s, this key


allows the settings to be changed; when
the settings change function is enabled,
the green LED (RUN) lights up blinking.
If pressed once again for at least 2sec.,
the system goes back to normal running
conditions and, provided that a
confirmation is given, the new settings
become the current ones (the key can
only be reached by removing the cover
lid). During the settings-change
operations the device continues
working with the old settings. If the
changes made are confirmed in the
presence of a fault, the changes are
not accepted until the event is over: the
interrupt state is signalled for 3sec by a
message on the display unit, after which
you are prompted to confirm the
changes made.
If pressed when feeding the device with
auxiliary voltage until a failure message
appears on the display, this key inhibits
the device from operating.

Keys

If simultaneously pressed for at


least 2sec, these keys allow the
protection Test to be carried out. When
the testing activity is enabled, the green
LED (RUN) lights up blinking.
If simultaneously pressed for 2 sec.
during the TEST routing, these keys
enable you to leave the protection
testing mode.

pag. 13

MX3EG1A
- Twelve LEDs, four of which are rigorously associated with
general functions.
- A four-pin connector in compliance with FCC 68.
By means of a special optoelectrical adapter, an optical fibre
cable and RS232 optical converter, it allows the device to be
locally linked with a personal computer.
By means of a special interface programme, the PC enables
the settings to be read and changed, the measurements, the
counters, the logged events, the diagnostic information and
the oscilloperturbography to be read.

MDE/A133 2295 001


6. LCD MENU STRUCTURE
6.1 MAIN READING MENU
The device features a main menu that leads to several submenus
(tree-structure). All the displayed messages can be made
permanently.
Ugn] Current value of generator voltage
Hz ] Current value of generator frequency

[Ug
[fg

[MENU:
[

ITALIAN ] Dialogue language


] change dialogue language

[DATE
[TIME

] current date and time


] change date and time

[SETTINGS IN USE ] display settings in use


[
MAIN]

[SETTINGS READING] display main settings


[MAIN
]
[SETTINGS READING] display spare settings
[SPARE
]
[
[

MEASUREMENTS

] display/reset current and stored


] values

[
COUNTERS
] display counters and reset
[P =
RESETTABLE] partial counters
[
EVENTS
[EVENT 1=LAST

[OUTPUT RELAYS
[

[
[

[
[

DIGITAL
INPUTS

LED

[
[

RELAY DATA

[
[

DIAGNOSTICS

] display stored events


]
] display output relay
] configuration
] display digital inputs
] configuration
] display LED configuration
]
] display model-software version
] and alphanumeric code
] display failures
] last change date

All the following examples take their start form the main menu.
6.1.1 Changing dialogue language
The dialogue language is ITALIAN.
Here follows an example showing how to change the dialogue
language. Suppose we wish to set ENGLISH as the desired
language.
a) Press the key or until the following message appears on
the display:
[MENU:
ITALIAN ]
[
]
b) By pressing the key the dialogue language function is
enabled and the following message appears on the display:
[MENU:
ITALIAN ]
[
]

pag. 14

MX3EG1A
c) By pressing the key or the stored language menu is
scrolled. For the purpose of our example, we must stop when the
following message appears:
[MENU:
ENGLISH ]
[
]
d) By pressing the key the selected dialogue language is
confirmed and you go back to the main menu. The following
message appears on the display:
[MENU:
ENGLISH ]
[
]
6.1.2 Changing date and time
Access to the 'change date/time' function is denied when the
protection is network-connected. If the network connection is
made after entering the change function, the local changes are
not enabled.
Suppose we wish to change the starting date 10/06/93 into 24/05/
95.
a) Press the key or until the display shows the following
message:
[DATE
10/06/93]
[TIME
9:38:43]
b) By pressing the key the change function is enabled and the
display shows as follows:
10/06/93]
[DATE
[TIME
9:38:43]
c) By pressing the key the value to be changed is selected.
Press the key six times to select the last digit that makes up
the date, the display will show as follows:
[DATE
10/06/93]
[TIME
9:38:43]

MDE/A133 2295 001


j) By pressing the key the date-change function is enabled and
the steps to be followed are the same as those described from c)
to i).
The device does not accept time or date settings that do not exist.
The time counting starts upon moving from the digits that make
up the date to the wording TIME at the beginning of the line.
k) By pressing the key the changes made are confirmed and
you go back to the main menu: the display will show:
[DATE
24/05/95]
[TIME
9:38:43]
6.1.3 Displaying settings in use
a) Press the key or until the display shows:
[SETTINGS IN USE]
[
MAIN]
The second line will display the group of settings the device is
using.
Any <!> possibly displayed, notwithstanding the contents of the
second line, indicates the device is working with the SPARE
settings.
[SETTINGS IN USE]
[ <!>
MAIN]
The device will continue on working with the SPARE settings as
long as the 'settings-change' command sent by the IN DIG1
digital input remains enabled. When <!> characters disappear,
the device restarts working with the group of settings displayed.
6.1.4 Displaying main settings

d) By pressing the key the value of the selected number is


increased. Hold the key pressed until the display shows:
[DATE
10/06/95]
[TIME
9:38:43]
e) By pressing the key , the fourth digit that makes up the date
is selected: the display will show:
[DATE
10/06/95]
[TIME
9:38:43]
f) By pressing the key , the selected number is decreased until
the display shows:
[DATE
10/05/95]
[TIME
9:38:43]
g) By pressing the key twice further, the second digit of the date
is selected and the display will show:
[DATE
10/06/95]
[TIME
9:38:43]
h) By pressing the key the selected number is changed (on
reaching the number 9, the tens will go up by one unit) until the
display shows:
[DATE
24/05/95]
[TIME
9:38:43]
i) Press the key until you move to the beginning of the line. The
display will show:
[DATE
24/05/95]
[TIME
9:38:43]

a) Press the key or until the display shows:


[SETTINGS READING]
[MAIN
]
b) Press the key to enter the 'main setting display' submenu
and the keys or to scroll the submenu showing as follows:
rated frequency
bar rated voltage
generator rated voltage
closing pulse time
breaker closing time
max. no.of parallel sequence attempts
closing min. interval time
max. time for parallel sequence
stability time
max. deviation rated frequency/bar frequency
max. deviation rated frequency/generator frequency
max. deviation bar voltage/rated voltage
min. voltage generator voltage/rated voltage
live bar mode
max. frequency difference
max. voltage difference
max. phase difference
dead-bar mode
dead-bar level

fn
Ubn
Ugn
tc
tr
Ns
twc
ts
td
Dfb
Dfg
DUb
DUg
LB
Df
DU
Dp
DB
Ud

pag. 15

MX3EG1A
frequency regulation mode
frequency regulation pulse time
frequency regulation min. pause time
frequency regulation max. pause time
load pulse mode
load pulse time
voltage regulation mode
voltage regulation pulse time
voltage regulation min. pause time
bar primary rated voltage
bar primary rated voltage

MDE/A133 2295 001


CPf
tfpu
tfpa
tfpm
LP
tlp
CPU
tupu
tupa
Ub TV
Ub TV

c) By pressing the key anywhere in the submenu, you go back


to the main reading menu:
[SETTINGS READING]
[MAIN
]

6.1.6 Displaying current measurements


a) Press the key or until the display shows:
[ MEASUREMENTS ]
[
]
b) By pressing the key you enter the measurements display
submenu and by pressing the keys or the following submenu
is scrolled:
effective current value of bar voltage in multiples of Ubn
effective current value of generator voltage in multiples of Ugn
current value of bar frequency in Hz
current value of generator frequency in Hz
current value of phase difference expressed in grades
effective current value of bar primary voltage in Volt
effective current value of generator primary voltage in Volt

Ub
Ug
fb
fg
Dp
Ub'
Ug'

6.1.5 Displaying spare settings


a) Press the key or until the display shows:
[SETTINGS READING]
[SPARE
]

c) By pressing the anywhere in the submenu, you go back to


the main reading menu:
[ MEASUREMENTS ]
[
]

b) By pressing the key you enter the spare setting display


submenu , and by pressing the keys or you scroll the submenus showing as follows:

6.1.7 Displaying counters

bar rated voltage


generator rated voltage
closing pulse time
breaker closing time
max. no. of parallel sequence attempts
closing min. interval time
max. time for parallel sequence
stability time
max. deviation rated frequency/bar frequency
max. deviation rated frequency/generator frequency
max. deviation rated voltage/bar voltage
min. generator voltage/rated voltage
live bar mode
max. frequency difference
max. voltage difference
max. phase difference
dead-bar mode
dead-bar level
frequency regulation mode
frequency regulation pulse time
frequency regulation min. pulse time
frequency regulation max. pulse time
load pulse mode
load pulse time
voltage regulation mode
voltage regulation pulse time
voltage regulation min. pause time
bar primary rated voltage
bar primary rated voltage

Ubn
Ugn
tc
tr
Ns
twc
ts
td
Dfb
Dfg
DUb
DUg
LB
Df
DU
Dp
DB
Ud
CPf
tfpu
tfpa
tfpm
LP
tlp
CPU
tupu
tupa
Ub TV
Ub TV

Those parameters that are not listed in the SPARE menu take the
same value as those listed in the MAIN settings menu.
c) By pressing the anywhere in the submenu, you go back to
the main reading menu:
[SETTINGS READING]
[SPARE
]

pag. 16

a) Press the key or until the display shows:


[
COUNTERS
]
[P =
RESETTABLE]
b) By pressing the key you enter the counter display submenu
and by pressing the keys or the following submenu is
scrolled:
total trips caused by START request on LB failed due to fb or fg
or Ub or Ug out-of-rated tolerance
LB fU Fail T
partial trips caused by START request on LB failed due to fb or
fg or Ub or Ug out-of-rated tolerance
LB fU Fail P
total trips caused by START request on DB failed due to fg or Ug
out-of-rated tolerance or present Ub (not-dead bar)
DB fU Fail T
partial trips caused by START request on DB failed due to fg or
Ug out-of-rated tolerance or present Ub(not-dead bar)
DB fU Fail P
total trips caused by LB synchronization sequence failed due to timeout
or on reaching the max. no. of parallel sequence attempts
LB Timeout T
partial trips caused by LB synchronization sequence failed due to
timeout or on reaching the max.no. of parallel attempts
LB Timeout P
total trips caused by DB synchronization sequence (ON-CHECK)
failed due to timeout or on reaching the max. no. of parallel
attempts
DB Timeout T
partial trips caused by DB synchronization sequence (ONCHECK) failed due to timeout or upon reaching the max. no. of
parallel attempts
DB Timeout P
total trips caused by LB or DB synchronization sequence (ONCHECK) interrupted by STOP command
STOP T
partial trips caused by LB or DB synchronization sequence (ONCHECK) interrupted by STOP command
STOP P

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

total trips caused by LB or DB synchronization sequence (ONCHECK) interrupted by external event EXT1
EXT1 T
partial trips caused by LB or DB synchronization sequence (ONCHECK) interrupted by external event EXT1
EXT1 P
total trips caused by LB or DB synchronization sequence (ONCHECK) interrupted by external event EXT2
EXT2 T
partial trips caused by LB or DB synchronization sequence (ONCHECK) interrupted by external event EXT2
EXT2 P
total trips caused by LB synchronization sequence correctly
carried out
SYNC LB OK T
partial trips caused by LB synchronization sequence correctly
carried out
SYNC LB OK P
total trips caused by DB synchronization sequence correctly
carried out
SYNC DB OK T
partial trips caused by DB synchronization sequence correctly
carried out
SYNC DB OK P
c) By pressing RESET you can reset the partial counter displayed.
d) By pressing the key anywhere in the submenu, you go back
to the main reading menu:
[
COUNTERS
]
[P =
RESETTABLE]

no. of parallel attempts at the time of the event


Ns_E
(1)

The causes that lead to an event are those listed in the previous
paragraph on counters.

d) By pressing the key anywhere in the submenu, you go back


to the event reading submenu; follow the steps described in c) to
display other events.Press the key anywhere in the submenu
to go back to the main reading menu:
[
EVENTS
]
[EVENT
1=LAST ]
6.1.9 Displaying output relays
a) Press the key or until the display shows:
[OUTPUT RELAY
]
[
]
b) By pressing the key , you enter the submenu that displays
the allocation of auxiliary output relays. The display will show:
[f+
]
[REL
X1....]
The first line displays the function that is associated with the relay
or relays shown in the second line.
Press the keys or to scroll the submenu.
The functions the output relays are associated with are as
follows:

6.1.8 Displaying events

frequency-increase command
frequency-decrease command
voltage-increase command
voltage-decrease command
52 parallel breaker closing command

f+
fU+
UX52

a) Press the key or until the display shows:


[
EVENTS
]
[EVENT 1=LAST
]

The variable NORMAL.ON. indicates whether all the output relays


are pre-set to be normally energized or not.

b) By pressing the key you enter the submenu where the eight
events can be selected. The display will show:
[EVEN.1 GG/MM/AA ]
[ hh:mm:ss.xxx ]

c) Press the key anywhere in the submenu to go back to the


main reading menu:
[ OUTPUT RELAY ]
[
]

The first line displays the event number, the day, month and year,
whereas the second line lists the time, minutes, seconds and
milliseconds concerning the event.

6.1.10 Displaying digital inputs

c) By pressing the key or you select the event to be


displayed. Once the selection has been completed, by pressing
the key , you will enter the event display submenu; by pressing
the keys or the following submenu is scrolled:
event type or cause
bar frequency value in Hz at the time of the event

(1)

fb_E
generator frequency value in Hz at the time of the event
fg_E
bar voltage value in multiples of Ubn at the time of the event
Ub_E
generator voltage value in multiples of Ugn at the time of the event
Ug_E
phase difference value in grades at the time of the event
Dp_E
parallel sequence total time expressed in minutes and seconds
at the time of the event
ts_E

a) Press the key or until the display shows:


[
DIGITAL
]
[
INPUTS
]
b) By pressing the key you enter the submenu that displays the
allocation of the digital inputs.
The first displaying refers to the digital inputs to be enabled by
normal energizing () or de-energizing (); the display unit will
show:
[IN DIG
12345]
[ENABLED
]
Press the keys or to scroll the submenu.
The second displaying refers to the digital inputs to be enabled
on front (F) or on level (L); the display unit will show:
[IN DIG
12345]
[FR/LEV
LLLFL]

pag. 17

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

By pressing the keys or you can scroll the submenu until the
digital inputs are displayed which are associated with the different
functions. The display unit will show:
[Start LB
]
[IN DIG
...4.]
The first line displays the function the digital inputs shown in the
second line are associated with.
The functions that can be associated with the inputs are:
LB synchronization sequence start
DB synchronization sequence start
synchronization sequence stop
52 parallel breaker closed
external failure 1
external failure 2
switch to spare settings
LED reset

Start LB
Start DB
STOP
CH 52
An EXT 1
An EXT 2
SETTING SWITCH
RESET LED

c) By pressing the key anywhere in the submenu, you go back


to the main reading menu:
[
DIGITAL
]
[
INPUTS
]

c) By pressing the key anywhere in the submenu, you go back


to the main reading menu:
[
LED
]
[
]
6.1.12 Displaying relay data
a) Press the key or until the display shows:
[
RELAY DATA
]
[
]
b) By pressing the key you enter the submenu and the display
shows the device model and the software version:
[MX3EG1A
]
[Soft Vers 001.00]
c) By pressing the key once again, the second line displays
the alphanumeric identification code the plant has given to the
device. For instance:
[PLANT IDENTIFIER]
[CELL NO. 17bis ]
d) By pressing the key anywhere in the submenu, you go back
to the main reading menu:
[
RELAY DATA
]
[
]

6.1.11 Displaying leds


a) Press the key or until the display shows:
[
LED
]
[
]
b) By pressing the key you enter the submenu that displays the
allocation of the LEDs. The display will shows:
[f+
]
[LED
L1.......]
The first line displays the function the LEDs shown in the second
line are associated with.
Press the key or to scroll the submenu.
The functions the LEDs can be associated with are as follows:
frequency-increase command
f+
frequency-decrease command
fvoltage-increase command
U+
voltage-decrease command
U52 parallel breaker closing command
X52
bar frequency out of tolerance
>fb<
generator frequency out of tolerance
>fg<
bar voltage out of tolerance
>Ub<
generator voltage out of tolerance
>Ug<
LB start failed due to incorrect parameters f / U
LB fU Fail
DB start failed due to incorrect parameters f / U
DB fU Fail
LB start failed due to Timeout
LB Timeout
DB start failed due to Timeout
DB Timeout
synchronization sequence interrupted by Stop
Stop
synchronization sequence interrupted by Ext1
Ext1
synchronization sequence interrupted by Ext2
Ext2
LB synchronization sequence correctly carried out Sync LB OK
DB synchronization sequence correctly carried out Sync DB OK

6.1.13 Displaying diagnostics


1) Detecting faults
a) Press the key or until the display shows:
[ DIAGNOSTICS
]
[
]
In the event of VITAL FAULTS the device automatically displays
the window without any need to enter the diagnostics menu.
b) By pressing the key you enter the submenu that displays the
relay running state. The display will show:
[Last
mod. Imp.]
[GG/MM/AA
hh:mm]
The second line shows the day, month, year, time relative to the
last parameter modification.
c) By pressing the key once again, if the device has not
detected any failure, the display will show the following message:
[
RUNNING
]
[
]
In the event of NOT VITAL FAULTS, the display will show:
[FAULT
]
[ABCDE.....KL
]
whereas in the event of VITAL FAULTS the characters <!> will be
displayed:
[FAULT
<!>]
[.....FGHIJ...
]
The second line shows one or more fault detecting codes.

It is furthermore possible to display the LEDs that are associated


with the following setting:
bistable operation
MEMOR

pag. 18

MX3EG1A
The following table describes the correspondence between the
fault code and the fault nature:
Code type of fault
A
coil relay X1 interrupted or relative driver
B
coil relay X2 interrupted or relative driver
C
coil relay X3 interrupted or relative driver
D
coil relay X4 interrupted or relative driver
E
coil relay X5 interrupted or relative driver
F
internal feeder faulty
G
EEPROM not running
H
internal RAM not running
I
external RAM not running
J
analog/digital converter
K
communication board faulty or board enabled
but not pre-set
L
internal clock not running
The placing of the communication-board enabling S6 jumper
(see fig.1) without the said board, just as for any fault, causes the
K code to appear.
d) In the event of NOT VITAL FAULTS, by pressing the key
anywhere in the submenu, you go back to the main reading menu:
[
DIAGNOSTICS ]
[
]
whereas in the event of VITAL FAULTS you can only leave the
diagnostics submenu - if allowed by the device - by enabling the
change menu.

MDE/A133 2295 001


The access priority for the setting change function among PC,
network and keyboard is of time-dependent.
During the setting change operations the device continues on
working using the old settings.
All the displayed messages can be made permanently.
[SETTINGS IN USE] settings in use
[
MAIN] selection of current setting group

You can only leave this condition by enabling the 'settings


change' function (it is however necessary to confirm SAVE
CHANGES even if no device setting has been changed).
Caution:
the set parameters must be displayed in the change menu as the
device can only be restarted by leaving this condition.
If, upon inhibiting the device, this is also not configured, the return
to the running condition will lead to the displaying of the K fault
messages until a new configuration is carried out (see paragraph
4.12).
6.2 MAIN SETTING CHANGE MENU
By pressing the key
anywhere in the reading menu for
at least two seconds, you enter the main change menu. Thence,
several submenus can be entered (tree-structure). When the
change function is enabled, the green LED (RUN) lights up and
blinks.
If the setting change function is already enabled in use through a
PC or the network, the local setting is inhibited and the following
message will be displayed:
[ SETTING CHANGE ]
[ NOT AVAILABLE ]

[SETTINGS CHANGE ] change spare setting values


[SPARE
]

[
[

OUTPUT RELAY

[
[

DIGITAL
INPUTS

[
[

2) Inhibited device
If the device is inhibited or not configured, the following window will
be displayed:
[FAULT
<!>]
[.............P ]

[SETTINGS CHANGE ] change main setting values


[MAIN
]

LED

[
[

RELAY DATA

] output relay configuration


]

] digital inputs configuration


]

] LED configuration
]

] alphanumeric code setting


]

[
LCD
] permanent display back-lighting
[AUTOMATIC RETURN] (LCD) enabled

By pressing the key


for at least two seconds anywhere
in the change menu, you go back to the main reading menu but
you are first prompted to confirm the changes made:
[SAVE
CHANGES]
[< NO
YES >]
By pressing the key the changes made will be discarded,
whereas by pressing the key they are confirmed.
The green LED ( RUN) stops blinking and becomes fixed.
If, on confirming the changes, any start or trip is occurring, the
settings are not accepted as long as the event persists (fault or
enabling). This state is signalled for 3 sec. by the following
message:
[CHANGE SETTINGS ]
[DELAYED
]
You are then prompted to confirm the changes made again.
Note: the setting change function can even be enabled when the
device is 'forced' to use the SPARE settings. In this case, the
system only interrupts the selection of SETTINGS IN USE: MAIN
until the external forcing signal disappears.

pag. 19

MX3EG1A
If a setting change is made when the system is 'forced' from the
outside, the following message will be displayed for a few seconds:
[SPARE SETTINGS IN USE]
[FROM EXTERNAL CONTROL]
All the following examples take their start from the main change
menu.
6.2.1 Selecting current setting group
a) Press the key or until the display shows:
[SETTING
IN USE]
[
MAIN]
b) By pressing the key you current settings can start being
changed. The display will show:
[SETTINGS IN USE]
[
MAIN]
c) By pressing the key or the display will show:
[SETTINGS IN USE]
SPARE]
[
d) By pressing the key the new selection is confirmed and the
system goes back to the main change menu.The display will
show:
[SETTINGS IN USE]
[
SPARE]

MDE/A133 2295 001


By pressing the key or the selected number is increased or
decreased until the desired value is reached; in our example, by
pressing the key once, the display will show:
[Dfb
1% ]
[Dfg
15% ]
Press the key the cursor goes back to the beginning of the line
and the system goes back to the main change menu:
[ SETTINGS CHANGE ]
[ MAIN
]
6.2.3 Changing spare settings
a) Press the key or until the display shows:
[SETTINGS CHANGE ]
[SPARE
]
b) By pressing the key you enter the spare settings change
submenu, containing the parameters already listed in paragraph
6.1.5.
c) Press the keys or t o scroll the submenu and the key
to start changing the selected parameter. The change can be
made by using the keys or .
The change procedure is similar to the one shown in the previous
example relative to main settings change.
d) By pressing the key anywhere in the submenu, you go back
to the main change menu:
[ SETTINGS CHANGE ]
[ SPARE
]

6.2.2 Changing main settings


a) Press the key or until the display shows:
[ SETTINGS CHANGE ]
[MAIN
]
b) By pressing the key you enter the main setting submenu
containing the parameters already listed in paragraph 6.1.4.
c) Press the key or to scroll the submenu and the key
to start changing the displayed parameter. The change can be
made by using the keys or .
d) By continuing pressing the key anywhere in the submenu,
you go back to the main change menu:
[SETTINGS CHANGE ]
[MAIN
]
Example of setting procedure
Suppose we must enable and set the Dfb a 1% threshold
starting from the initial setting of 2%.
Follow the steps described in a) and b).
Press the key or until the display shows the selected
threshold to be changed:
[Dfb
2% ]
[Dfg
15% ]
Press the key to select the digit to be changed.
In our example, by pressing the key once, the display will show:
[Dfb
2% ]
[Dfg
15% ]

pag. 20

6.2.4 Setting output relays


a) Press the key or until the display shows:
[ OUTPUT RELAY ]
[
]
b) By pressing the key you enter the output relay setting
submenu, containing the parameters already listed in paragraph
6.1.9, except for NORMAL.ON (whose setting is implemented as
described in paragraph 4.2).
c) Press the keys or to scroll the submenu and the key
to start changing the selected parameter. The change can be
made by using the keys or .
d) By pressing the key anywhere in the submenu you go back
to the main change menu:
[ OUTPUT RELAY ]
[
]
Example of allocation
Suppose we must allocate the f+ frequency-increase command
to the X2 output relay, by starting from the initial configuration f+
allocated to X1.
Follow the steps described in a) and b).
Press the key or until the display shows:
[f+
]
[REL
X1....]

MX3EG1A
Each position after the X letter corresponds to an output relay.
More relays can be associated with the same function.
Press the key to move back to the relay that you wish to
associate with the function.
In our example, by pressing the twice, the display shows:
[f+
]
[REL
X1....]
By pressing the key or the X2 selected relay is associated
and the display shows:
[f+
]
[REL
X12...]
By pressing the key the first relay is selected. The display will
show:
[f+
]
[REL
X12...]
By pressing the key or the selected relay is dissociated. The
display will show:
[U>
TRIP]
[REL
X.2...]
Press the key to move back to the beginning of the line and go
back to the main change menu:
[ OUTPUT RELAY ]
[
]
6.2.5 Setting digital inputs
a) Press the key or until the display shows:
[
DIGITAL
]
[
INPUTS
]
b) By pressing the key you enter the digital input setting
submenu containing the parameters already listed in paragraph
6.1.10.

MDE/A133 2295 001


b) By pressing the key you enter the LED setting submenu
containing the parameters already listed in paragraph 6.1.11.
c) Press the keys or to scroll the submenu and the key
to start changing the displayed parameter. The change can be
made by using the keys or .
The setting procedure is similar to the one described in the
example for output relay setting.
d) By pressing the key anywhere in the submenu, you go back
to the main change menu:
[
LED
]
[
]
6.2.7 Setting alphanumeric code
a) Press the key or until the display shows:
[
RELAY DATA
]
[
]
b) By pressing the key you can start setting/changing the
device identification alphanumerical code. The display will show
for instance:
[IDENTIF. USER ]
[CELL NO. 17bis ]
c) By pressing the key again the character or characters to be
changed are selected and by pressing the key or all the
capital and small letters of the alphabet, all the number and some
special characters, among which the blank space, are vertically
scrolled.
d) By pressing the key the cursor moves back to the beginning
of the line (no selected character) and pressing the key once
again, you go back to the main change menu:
[
RELAY DATA
]
[
]
6.2.8 LCD back-lighting

c) Press the keys or to scroll the submenu and the key


to start changing the selected parameter. The change can be
made by using the keys or .
The setting procedure is similar to the one described in the
example for the output relay setting.
It is necessary to use the digital input number 1 (IN DIG 1) to
switch the settings from main to spare. SETTINGS SWITCH
It is necessary to use the digital input number 3 (IN DIG 3) to reset
the LEDs)
RESET LED
d) By pressing the key anywhere in the submenu, you go back
to the main change menu:
[
DIGITAL
]
[
INPUTS
]

a) Press the key or until the display shows:


[
LCD
]
[AUTOMATIC RETURN]
b) By pressing the key you can set the LCD back-lighting to
permanent (OFF) or to timed (ON). Suppose the display shows:
ON ]
[
[
]
c) Press the keys or to change the setting:
[
OFF]
[
]
d) By pressing the key you go back to the main change menu:
[
LCD
]
[AUOTMATIC RETURN]

6.2.6 Setting LEDs


a) Press the key or until the display shows:
[
LED
]
[
]

pag. 21

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

6.3 TEST MENU

7. APPLICATION AND USE


for at least two

By pressing the two keys

seconds anywhere in the main reading menu, the TEST function,


which is highlighted by the blinking of the green LED (RUN), is
enabled.
[TEST
[

[TEST
[

[TEST
[

[TEST
[

[TEST
[

[TEST
[

LED]
YES>] TEST of Leds L1-L8 and display

RELAY X1]
YES>] TEST of relay X1

RELAY X2]
YES>] TEST of relay X2

RELAY X3]
YES>] TEST of relay X3

RELAY X4]
YES>] TEST of relay X4

RELAY X5]
YES>] TEST of relay X5

The test foreseen for X.. auxiliary relay caused the tripping of the
same. The associated command and/or signalling can therefore
be sent. This is why, before running it, the system prompts you
to further confirm:
[
CONFIRM?
]
[< NO
YES>]
if, upon confirming the execution, LB or DB synchronization
cycles are already present, the test is not performed and this
condition is signalled by the following example:
[TEST
[NOT AVAILABLE

]
]

The test on leds and display makes these light up for two seconds
and can be carried out during any operating condition.
By pressing the two keys

for two seconds

anywhere in the test menu, the TEST function is disabled; the


green LED (RUN) stops blinking and the system goes back to the
main reading menu.

pag. 22

This useful and versatile device allows the automatic parallel of


generators of any type and dimensions to be carried out.
It can be used with line or star voltages and, in the event of TV
installed up- or downstreams an odd group step-up transformer,
with a star or line voltage without the application of any TV
adapter.

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

8. INSTALLATION - TRANSPORT

9. SETTING THE UNIT AT WORK

8.1 ESD electrostatic charges

The device is supplied with factory settings and configurations as


indicated in tables A, B and C (factory settings).
These settings may prove not to suit the specific plant where the
unit is to be installed. Therefore, the device must be reset: to this
aim, refer to tables D, E and F for customer's use as support to
develop a customised setting scheme.

The device uses electronic components that are sensitive to


electrostatic charges; therefore, the operator who happens to
handle the moving part of the equipment and come into contact
with the electronc circuits, must take preventive measures to
avoid damaging the relay:
- before removing the moving part, the operator shall reach the
same potential as the unit by touching the housing (for instance,
the cover grips);
- avoid touching electronic components, printed circuits and
connectors;
- lay the element on surfaces that are antistatic or feature zero
potential.
As far as the following action is possible, do not pull out the moving
part from the casing to avoid causing mechanical and electrostatic
damages to the protection.
8.2 Acceptance-storage

9.1 Safety regulations


During the equipment tests and start-up the general safety
regulations applicable to electrical systems must be complied
with. Failure to comply with the above-mentioned regulations
might cause harm to personnel or damage to property. All the
inspections and tests shall be carried out by specially trained
personnel.
9.2 Checking nameplate ratings
Make sure that the equipment ratings are consistent with those of
the system, namely:
- auxiliary voltage
- output relays normally energized or normally de-energized; the
control must be carried out by checking the position of the
cordless plug placed on the board (see fig. 2a, 2b)
- the presence of the special S6 cordless plug, see fig.1, if the
communication board is included and the network is available.

Although protective relays are generally of solid construction,


they require to be handled with particular care before being
installed on site. They must be carefully packed and unpacked
without applying any force and using suitable tools.
Once supplied, the relays must be throughly inspected to ensure
that they have been not damaged during the transport.
If the relays are not immediately installed upon reception, they
must be stored in places free from dust or moisture, in their
original casing.
Storage temperature: -25C + 80C.

I CAUTION
Hazardous voltages can remain in the unit even in the
absence of power supply, or after it has been pulled out of
its casing (capacitor storage).

8.3 Assembling and connection

9.3 Final inspection

- Remove the protection guard to allow the four fastening holes


to be reached.
- Place the device into the hole of the panel-board and secure it
by fastening the four screws (see fig. 4).
- Connect the ground screw of the device to the panel's grounding
system through a cable of suitable gauge (>4mm2) and shortest
length (<1m).
- Perform the wiring using the screw or faston couplings of the
interface terminal boards. In order to guarantee the terminal
board the protection class IP20 required, during the faston wiring
the cover lid must be placed before the faston is connected to the
relay. During the screw wiring the side fins of the IP20 cover lid
corresponding to the wired terminals must be removed or bent.
The assembling as well as the connections shall be workmanlike
performed.

Feed the device with auxiliary voltage. On starting the device after
a long time of power failure, the device can show a fault of 'L' type
(internal clock), a NOT VITAL fault which does not affect the
remaining functions: please, update DATE and TIME to restore
normal conditions.
If the system is running and the device settings are unknown, in
order to avoid any malfunctioning, it is necessary to inhibit the
device operation, before using the auxiliary voltage, by pressing
the setting change key (see paragraphs 4.12 and 6.1.13).
Select the rated frequency of the system, the Ub (bar side) and
Ug (generator side) rated voltages and set the TV primary voltage
values.
Load the settings and configure relays, leds, digital inputs as
provided for in the design plan.
As the device is provided with a self-monitoring system, all
hardware and software failures are automatically signalled: this
makes it useless to control the thresholds for accuracy, which
can however be tested by making reference to the stated
tolerances.

pag. 23

MX3EG1A
In any case, it is advisable to carry out the following tests:
Feeder test
- Check that the burden of the auxiliary voltage circuit falls
within 5 and 10W as regards d.c. supply, and within 10 and
20VA as regards a.c. supply.
The feeder is protected by a special 5x20 rapid fuse, class
IEC127/II of 2A as regards unit with 19-100Vcc (or 19-72Vca)
auxiliary voltage, and of 1A as regards unit with 64-300Vcc (or
64-275Vca) auxiliary voltage.
Checking connections
- Apply a voltage signal to bar side and generator side TVs and
ensure that these correspond to the indications shown in the
MEASUREMENTS menu.
- Check each output relay by following the procedure described
in the TEST MENU paragraph: simultaneously check the
relevant external circuit.
- Make sure that the digital input wiring corresponds to the one
provided for in the design plans.
If the relay has not worked correctly or indicates failures of VITAL
type, it must be put out of order and sent back to the factory for
repair or re-gauging.
Any NOT VITAL failure does not lead to an immediate tripping:
however, it requires the type of fault to be analysed so as to
determine the relative entity (for instance, a not running relay
might be replaced with another not used or whose function is
however not essential).
The interchangeability of the devices makes it possible to refer
to the protection diagram during any repairing action, replacing
the faulty device with one of the same type.
To complete the start-up stage, before setting the system at
work, ensure that:
- the device settings are consistent with the ones of the design
- the device shows the correct identification alphanumeric
code, if any
- all the device memories (leds, max. values, partial counters,
and wear index) have been reset
- the Uaux and RUN green leds are lit up; in case of network
connection, the RxTx green led must also be lit up
- the LEDs indicating labels and the general rating plate of the
device bear the correct information.
You can leave the device with the display showing any of the
windows of the main reading menu.

pag. 24

MDE/A133 2295 001

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

NORMALLY DE-ENERGIZED RELAYS

NORMALLY ENERGIZED RELAYS

Jumper position n S1

Jumper position n S1

TOP

TOP

RELAY
FRONT

fig. 2a

RELAY
FRONT

fig. 2b

pag. 25

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

fig. 3

pag. 26

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

OVER-ALL DIMENSIONS

The casing can also be placed in a


19" rack panel of R4MX3 type, 4U in
height

DRILL TEMPLATE

TERMINAL ARRANGEMENT

fig. 4

pag. 27

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

WARNING:
Factory settings may prove not to suit the plant. Therefore, the device must be configured anew on installation.

Table A - FACTORY SETTINGS

1
X

RELAY
2 3 4 5
X
X
X

CONTROL MATRIX
DESCRIPTION
frequency-increase command
frequency-decrease command
voltage-increase command

FUNCTION
f+
fU+
UX52
>fb<
>fg<
>Ub<

1 2 3
X
X
X

LEDS
4 5 6

/
/
/

/
/
/

/
/
/

/
/
/

voltage-decrease command
X 52 parallel breaker closing command
/ bar frequency out of tolerance
/ generator frequency out of tolerance
/ bar voltage out of tolerance

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/

generator voltage out of tolerance


LB start failed due to wrong parameters f/U
DB start failed due to wrong parameters f/U
LB synchronization sequence failed due to Timeout
DB synchronization sequence failed due to Timeout

>Ug<
LB fU Fail
DB fU Fail
LB Timeout
DB Timeout

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/

synchronization sequence interrupted by Stop


synchronization sequence interrupted due to Ext1
synchronization sequence interrupted due to Ext2
LB synchronization sequence correctly carried out
DB synchronization sequence correctly carried out

Stop
Ext1
Ext2
Sync LB OK
Sync DB OK

bistable operation

MEMOR

X
X
X
X

end relays normally de-energized

X
X
X

/ not to be allocated
X allocated

Table B - FACTORY CONFIGURATION


CONTROL MATRIX
DESCRIPTION
active input de-energized

FUNCTION

active input on level


LB synchronization sequencestart
DB synchronization sequence start
synchronization sequence stop
52 parallel breaker closed

Start LB
Start DB
Stop Synchronism
Ch 52

external failure 1
external failure 2
spare settings switch
LED reset

Failure Ext1
Failure Ext2
SETTINGS SWITCH
RESET

DIGITAL
INPUTS
2 3 4

X X X

5
X

X
X
X

/
/

/ not to be allocated
X allocated

pag. 28

/
/

/
/

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

WARNING:
Factory settings may prove not to suit the plant. Therefore, the device must be configured anew on installation.

Table C - FACTORY SETTINGS


TABLE OF SETTINGS
DESCRIPTION

FUNCTION

SPARE

MAIN
ON

OFF

VALUE

ON

OFF

VALUE

50 Hz

rated frequency

fn

bar rated voltage

Ubn

100.0 V

generator rated voltage


closing pulse time
breaker closing time
max. number of parallel sequence attempts
closing interval min. time

Ugn
tc
tr
Ns
twc

100.0 V
0.30 s
0.10 s
1
2.00 s

parallel sequence max. time


stability time
max. deviation bar frequency/rated frequency
max. deviation generator frequency/rated frequency
max. deviation bar voltage/rated voltage

ts
td
Dfb ()
Dfg ()
DUb ()

15 min
0.2 s
2%
15 %
4%

min. generator voltage/rated voltage


live bar mode (LB)
max. frequency difference
max. voltage difference
max. phase difference

DUg
LB
Df ()
DU ()
Dp()

80 %
NORM
0.10 Hz
5%
10

dead bar mode (DB)


dead bar level
frequency regulation mode
frequency regulation pulse time
frequency regulation min. pause time

DB
Ud

frequency regulation max. pause time


load pulse mode
load pulse time
voltage regulation mode
voltage regulation pulse time

tfpm
LP
tlp
tupu

0.50 s
CONT
0.20 s

voltage regulation min. pause time


bar primary rated voltage
generator primary rated voltage

tupa
Ub TV
Ug TV

2.00 s
6000 V
6000 V

0.30 s
0.10 s
1
2.00 s
15 min
0.2 s
2%
15 %
4%
80 %
NORM
0.10 Hz
5%
10
X

0.02 Ubn
PULSE
0.20 s
2.00 s
30.00 s

0.02 Ubn
PULSE
0.20 s
2.00 s

CPf

tfpu
tfpa

30.00 s
X

CPU

oscilloperturbography trigger
oscilloperturbographt pretrigger time

settings in use: MAIN

100.0 V
100.0 V

SINC. OK
2s

LCD timed backlighting: OFF

0.50 s
CONT
0.20 s
2.00 s
6000 V
6000 V
/
/

/
/

/
/

/ not to be allocated: the same values as MAIN


settings apply

pag. 29

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

Table D

RELAY
2 3 4 5

CONTROL MATRIX
DESCRIPTION
frequency-increase command
frequency-decrease command

FUNCTION
f+
fU+
UX52
>fb<
>fg<

/
/

/
/

/
/

/
/

/
/

voltage-increase command
voltage-decrease command
52-parallel breaker closing command
bar frequency out of tolerance
generator frequency out of tolerance

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/

bar voltage out of tolerance


generator voltage out of tolerance
LB start failed due to wrong parameters f / U
DB start failed due to wrong parameters f / U
LB synchronization sequence failed due to Timeout

>Ub<
>Ug<
LB fU Fail
DB fU Fail
LB Timeout

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/

DB synchronization sequence failed due to Timeout


synchronization sequence interrupted by Stop
synchronization sequence interrupted by Ext1
synchronization sequence interrupted by Ext2
LB synchronization sequence correctly carried out

DB Timeout
Stop
Ext1
Ext2
Sync LB OK

/
/

/
/

/
/

/
/

/
/

DB synchronization sequence correctly carried out


bistable operation

Sync DB OK
MEMOR

end relays normally de-energized


end relays normally energized

LEDS
4 5 6

/ not to be allocated

Table E
CONTROL MATRIX
DESCRIPTION
active input de-energized

FUNCTION

active input on level


LB synchronization sequence start
DB synchronization sequence start
synchronization sequence stop
52-parallel breaker closed

Start LB
Start DB
Stop Synchronism
Ch 52

external failure 1
external failure 2
switch to spare settings
LED reset

Anomalia Ext1
Anomalia Ext2
SETTINGS SWITCH
RESET

DIGITAL
INPUTS
2 3 4

/
/

/
/

/ not to be allocated

pag. 30

/
/

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

Table F
TABLE OF SETTINGS
DESCRIPTION

FUNCTION

MAIN
ON

rated frequency

fn

bar rated voltage


generator rated voltage

Ubn
Ugn

closing pulse time


breaker closing time
max. number of parallel sequence attempts
closing interval min. time
parallel sequence max. time

tc
tr
Ns

stability time
max. deviation bar frequency/rated frequency
max. deviation generator frequency/rated frequency
max. deviation bar voltage/rated voltage
min. generator voltage/rated voltage

td
Dfb ()
Dfg ()
DUb ()
DUg

live bar mode (LB)


max. frequency difference
max. voltage difference
max. phase difference
dead bar mode (DB)

LB
Df ()
DU ()
Dp()
DB

dead bar level


frequency regulation mode
frequency regulation pulse time
frequency regulation min. pause time

OFF

ON

OFF

VALUE

/
/

/
/

/
/

twc

ts

Ud
CPf

tfpu
tfpa

frequency regulation max. pause time


load pulse mode
load pulse time
voltage regulation mode
voltage regulation pulse time

tfpm
LP
tlp

voltage regulation min. pulse time


bar primary rated voltage
generator primary rated voltage

tupa
Ub TV
Ug TV

CPU

tupu

oscilloperturbography trigger
oscilloperturbography pretrigger time

settings in use: MAIN


settings in use: SPARE

SPARE
VALUE

LCD timed backlighting: ON


LCD timed backlighting: OFF

/ not to be allocated: the same values as


MAIN settings apply

pag. 31

MX3EG1A

MDE/A133 2295 001

APPENDIX A - Network data exchange

DESCRIPTION
Identification
trade name (12 characters)
software version (format x.xx)
user name (16 characters)
Settings data (main and spare)
group of settings in use
date - 00YYMMDD notation BCD
time - 00HHMMSS notation BCD
language MMI
rated frequency (50/60 Hz)
lcd setting
oscilloperturbography pretrigger time
oscilloperturbography trigger cause
bar rated voltage
generator rated voltage
parallel sequence max. time
numero massimo tentativi parallelo
closing interval min. time/ 52 CH contact max. wait time
max. deviation bar frequency/rated frequency
max. deviation generator frequency/rated frequency
max. deviation bar voltage/rated voltage
max.deviation generator voltage/rated voltage
closing pulse time
closing delay
stability time
live bar mode
max. frequency difference
max. voltage difference
max. phase voltage
dead bar mode
dead bar max. value
frequency regulation mode
frequency regulation pulse time
frequency regulation min. pulse time
frequency regulation max. pulse time
load pulse mode
load pulse time
voltage regulation mode
voltage regulation pulse time
voltage regulation pause time
bar ratio of transformation
generator ratio of transformation
Current measurements
bar frequency
generator frequency
bar voltage
generator voltage
bar/generator phase difference
bar-side primary rated voltage
generator-side primary rated voltage

pag. 32

DIRECTION

TIMING

relay > centre


relay > centre
relay > centre

AR
AR
AR

relay > centre > relay


relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay

AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR

relay > centre


relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre

T e AR
T e AR
T e AR
T e AR
T e AR
T e AR
T e AR

MX3EG1A
DESCRIPTION

MDE/A133 2295 001


DIRECTION

TIMING

Event chronogical recorder


date and time (00AAMMGG HHMMSSCC in BCD notation)
LB starts failed due to out-of-tolerance parameters f/U
DB starts failed due to out-of-tolerance parameters f/U
LB starts failed due to timeout ts> or Ns>
DB starts failed due to timeout ts> or Ns>
LB synchronism sequences correct
DB synchronism sequences correct
digital input no. 5
digital input no. 4
digital input no. 3
digital input no. 2
digital input no. 1

relay > centre


relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre

VP and AR
VP and AR
VP and AR
VP and AR
VP and AR
VP and AR
VP and AR
VP and AR
VP and AR
VP and AR
VP and AR
VP and AR
VP and AR

States
synchronizer statet
digital input no.5
digital input no.4
digital input no.3
digital input no.2
digital input no.1

relay > centre


relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre

AV (a.p.)
AV (a.p.)
AV (a.p.)
AV (a.p.)
AV (a.p.)
AV (a.p.)

Counters
total counter LB starts failed due to out-of-tol. parameters f/U
total counter DB starts failed due to out-of-tol. parameters f/U
total counter LB starts failed due to timeout ts> or Ns>
total counter DB starts failed due to timeout ts> or Ns>
total counter STOP controls
total counter sequence interruption due to input EXT1
total counter sequence interruption due to input EXT2
total counter synchronism sequences on LB correct
total counter synchronism sequences on DB correct
part.counter LB starts failed due to out-of-tol. parameters f/U
part.counter DB starts failed due to out-of-tol.parameters f/U
part.counter LB starts failed due to timeout ts> or Ns>
part.counter DB starts failed due to timeout ts> or Ns>
part.counter STOP controls
part.counter sequence interruption due to input EXT1
part.counter sequence interruption due to input EXT2
part.counter synchronism sequences on LB correct
part.counter synchronism sequences on DB correct

relay > centre


relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre

AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR

Events
Date RTC
Time RTC + milleseconds
Bar frequency
Generator frequency
Bar voltage
Generator voltage
Generator/bar phase
Parallel time from Start contr.
No. of attempts

relay > centre


relay > centre
relay> centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre

AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR

relay > centre > relay


relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay

AR
AR
AR
AR
AR

Output relays
configuration X1
configuration X2
configuration X3
configuration X4
configuration X5

pag. 33

MX3EG1A
DESCRIPTION

MDE/A133 2295 001


DIRECTION

TIMING

LEDs
configuration L1
configuration L2
configuration L3
configuration L4
configuration L5
configuration L6
configuration L7
configuration L8

relay > centre > relay


relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay

AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR

Digital inputs
configuration input 1
configuration input 1 active HIGH/LOW
configuration input 2
configuration input 2 active HIGH/LOW
configuration input 3
configuration input 3 active HIGH/LOW
configuration input 4
configuration input 4 active HIGH/LOW
configuration input 5
configuration input 5 active HIGH/LOW

relay > centre > relay


relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay
relay > centre > relay

AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR
AR

Diagnostics
State relay 1
State relay 2
State relay 3
State relay 4
State relay 5
State feeder (POWER FAIL signal)
State EEPROM
State internal RAM P
State external RAM
State analog chain
State network communication
State calendar_clock
State operation stopped by operator request in start-up

relay > centre


relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre
relay > centre

AV
AV
AV
AV
AV
AV
AV
AV
AV
AV
AV
AV
AV

Reset
LED
relay
resettable counters

centre > relay


centre > relay
centre > relay

AR
AR
AR

Controls
output relay enabling
settings switch - main -> spare
settings switch survival time

centre > relay


centre > relay
centre > relay

AV and AR
AV
AR

relay > centre > relay


relay > centre > relay
centre > relay
centre > relay
relay > centre

AR
AR
AR
AR
AR

Oscilloperturbography
Oscilloperturbography starting parameters
Oscilloperturbography pretrigger timer
Oscilloperturbography trigger command
Oscilloperturbography reset command
Oscilloperturbography data

pag. 34

MX3EG1A
DESCRIPTION

Clock
date (format: 00AAMMGG in BCD notation)
time (format: 00HHMMSS in BCD notation)
date (format: 00AAMMGG in BCD notation)
time (format: 00HHMMSS in BCD notation)

MDE/A133 2295 001


DIRECTION

TIMING

centre > relay


centre > relay
relay > centre
relay > centre

S
S
AR
AR

LEGEND
AR aperiodic message
AV (a.p.) aperiodic variable sent upon high-priority variation
AV aperiodic variable sent upon variation
VP variable upon request
T
periodic variable with periods that can be programmed from 1 to 5 s
S
synchronization

pag. 35

MX3EG1A

Appositely left blank

pag. 36

MDE/A133 2295 001

Features, dimensions and diagrams, are subject to previous confirmation of ALSTOM T&D Protection & Cntrole

ABCD
ALSTOM FIR S.p.a. - via Viscardi, 5 - 24016 SAN PELLEGRINO T. - BG - ITALIA
Tel. ++39 0345 28111 - Fax ++39 0345 22590 - Telex 301152 FIR I - E-mail: alstom.fir@tde.alstom.com