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United States

Department of
Agriculture
Forest Service

Rocky Mountain
Forest and Range
Experiment St ation
Fort Collins,
Colorado 80526

AN ENGLISH-SPANISH GLOSSARY

OF TERMINOLOGY USED IN
FORESTRY, RANGE, WILDLIFE, FISHERY,

SOILS, AND BOTANY

General Technical
Report RM.152

GLOSARIO EN INGLESESPANOL

DE TERMINOLOGIA USADOS EN
FORESTALES, PASTIZALES, FAUNA SILVESTRE,
PESQUERIA, SU ELOS, Y BOTANICA

ABSTRACT

The English-Spanish/Spanish-English equivalent translations of scientific and management terms


(jargon) commonly used in the field of natural resource management are presented. The glossary is useful
in improving communications and fostering understanding between Spanish- and English-s~eakingPersons.
Key Words:

Bilingual glossary, animal names, botany, fishery, forestry, range, soils, wildlife

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This glossary has required considerable time


in preparation by some people. Special
recognition for the successful completion of this
work is given to Penny Medina for her assistance
in translating scientific articies, Diane Prince
and Josephine Gomez for their part in manuscript
preparation and editing, the Mexican scientists
for their reviews, and to David Patton , f o r his
support,

Este glosario ha requerido bastante tiempo


de preparacihn en parte de v a r i a s personas.
ReconocimienCo especiales por acabamiento dichoso
de este trabajo se da a Penny Medina por su
asistencia en traducir articulos de ciencia,
Diane Prince y Josephine Gomez por su parte en
preparaci6n y compilaci6n del manuscrito, 10s
cientfficos mexicanos por su revistas, y David
Patton por su apoyo.

USDA Forest Service


General Technical Report RM.152

January 1988

AN ENGLISH-SPANISH GLOSSARY OF TERMINOLOGY


USED IN FORESTRY, RANGE, WILDLIFE, FISHERY,
SOILS, AND BOTANY
GLOSARIO EN INGLES-ESPAN'OL DE TERMINOLOGIA
EJSADOS EN FORESTALES, PASTIZALES, FAUNA SILVESTRE,
PESQUERIA, SUELOS, Y BOTANICA

Alvin Leroy Medina, Range Scientist


Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station1

'Headquarters is in Fort Collins, in cooperation with Colorado State University. The author is stationed in
Tempe, in cooperation with Arizona State University.

FOREWORD

Recent s y m p o s i a , s u c h a s W i l d l i f e and Range


R e s e a r c h Needs i n N o r t h e r n Mexico and
S o u t h w e s t e r n U n i t e d S t a t e s - - 1 9 8 1 , and Management
a n d U t i l i z a t i o n o f A r i d Land P l a n t s - 1985,
s p o n s o r e d by t h e N a t i o n a l I n s t i t u t e o f F o r e s t r y
R e s e a r c h of t h e S u b s e c r e t a r i a t of F o r e s t r y and
W i l d l i f e , S e c r e t a r i a t o f A g r i c u l t u r e and Water
R e s o u r c e s o f Mexico a n d t h e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t of
A g r i c u l t u r e , F o r e s t S e r v i c e h a v e made v a l u a b l e
c o n t r i b u t i o n s t o t h e exchange o f s c i e n t i f i c and
t e c h n i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n r e g a r d i n g management o f
n a t u r a l r e s o u r c e s . T h e s e s y m p o s i a w e r e p a r t of a
c o n t i n u i n g agreernent.between r e s p e c t i v e a g e n c i e s
t o enhance p r o f e s s i o n a l c a p a b i l i t i e s through
technology t r a n s f e r a c t i v i t i e s . A receptive
atmosphere of c o o p e r a t i o n h a s r e s u l t e d from s u c h
a c t i v i t i e s f o r t h e m u t u a l b e n e f i t o f Mexican and
American s c i e n t i s t s .
D e s p i t e i n d i v i d u a l e f f o r t s t o u n d e r s t a n d and
communicate t h e r e l e v a n c e o f t h e s e s y m p o s i a , t h e
language b a r r i e r o f t e n precludes an e f f e c t i v e
i n t e r c h a n g e of i d e a s .
In addition, the
s p e c i a l i z e d meanings of s c i e n t i f i c j a r g o n a r e
l o s t when t r a n s l a t e d i n t o t e r m s w i t h s o c i a l o g i c a l
c o n n o t a t i o n . Q u i t e o f t e n a g i v e n t e r m may h a v e
d i f f e r e n t meanings t o a f o r e s t e r , s o i l s c i e n t i s t
o r w i l d l i f e manager. I n o r d e r f o r a l i s t e n e r t o
r e c e i v e a c l e a r u n d e r s t a n d i n g of t h e
problem being d i s c u s s e d , t h e t r a n s l a t o r needs t o
b e f a m i l i a r w i t h t h e s c i e n t i f i c terminology
relevant t o the specialized topics.
The p u r p o s e of t h i s g l o s s a r y i s t o p r e s e n t
t o t r a n s l a t o r s , s c i e n t i s t s , r e s o u r c e managers,
a d m i n i s t r a t o r s and o t h e r s t h e Spanish-English
e q u i v a l e n t t r a n s l a t i o n s of s c i e n t i f i c and

management t e r m s commonly used i n t h e d i s c i p l i n e s


o f f o r e s t r y , r a n g e management, w i l d l i f e
management, f i s h e r i e s , s o i l s and b o t a n y . Terms
w e r e s e l e c t e d o n t h e b a s i s o f common u s a g e and
d i f f i c u l t y of t r a n s l a t i o n from v a r i o u s s c i e n t i f i c
and t e c h n i c a l a r t i c l e s which a p p e a r e d i n
p r o f e s s i o n a l j o u r n a l s , s u c h a s J o u r n a l of
W i l d l i f e Management, F o r e s t S c i e n c e , S o i l
S c i e n c e , J o u r n a l o f Range Management, E c o l o g y ,
C i e n c i a F o r e s t a l , and o t h e r s .
~ c i e n t i f i dt e r m s
a r e i n t r o d u c e d i n t o common u s a g e e v e r y t i m e new
c o n c e p t s a r e f o r m u l a t e d , and a s s u c h a n u p d a t e of
new t e r m i n o l o g y i s n e e d e d p e r i o d i c a l l y . While n o
a t t e m p t i s made t o c o v e r t h e e n t i r e s c o p e o f
s c i e n t i f i c terminology o f t h e r e s p e c t i v e
d i s c i p l i n e s , it is a n t i c i p a t e d t h a t t h i s g l o s s a r y
w i l l b e u s e f u l i n i m p r o v i n g communications a n d
f o s t e r u n d e r s t a n d i n g between S p a n i s h - a n d
English-speaking persons a s w e l l a s t o s e r v e a s a
s t a r t i n g p o i n t f o r d e v e l o p i n g a common
understanding of t e c h n i c a l terms.
The g l o s s a r y i s ,composed o f two s e c t i o n s .
S e c t i o n one c o n t a i n s t h e English t o Spanish
t r a n s l a t i o n s , and s e c t i o n two t h e S p a n i s h t o
English.
Each s e c t i o n i s d i v i d e d i n t o s e v e n
s u b s e c t i o n s , e a c h of which i s d e v o t e d t o t e r m s .
The t e x t i s
u s e d within a p a r t i c u l a r d i s c i p l i n e .
arranged a l p h a b e t i c a l l y within s e c t i o n s beginning
w i t h t h e E n g l i s h o r S p a n i s h keyword, f o l l o w e d b y
the equivalent translation.
I t i s u n d e r s t o o d t h a t some p e r s o n s may
d i s a g r e e w i t h some t e r m s d u e t o t h e i r u s a g e o f
other similar jargon, but a t l e a s t they w i l l be
a w a r e o f i t s u s e i n o t h e r r e g i o n s and
disciplines.

usan en l a s d i s c i p l i n a s de f o r e s t a l e s , manejo d e
p a s t i z a l e s , manejo de f a u n a s i l v e s t r e , p e s q u e r f a ,
Los t6rminos f u e r o n
suelos y botanfca.
s e l e c c i o n a d o s e n b a s e a 1 u s o corntin y d i f i c u l t a d
de t r a d u c c i d n , de v a r i o s a r t f c u l o s c i e n t f f i c o s y
t 6 c n i c o s que a p a r e c i e r o n en r e v i s t a s
p r o f e s i o n a l e s , como R e v i s t a de Manejo de Fauna
S i l v e s t r e , C i e n c i a F o r e s t a l (Mexicans y
Americana), C i e n c i a de S u e l o s , R e v i s t a de Manejo
de P a s t i z a l e s , E c o l o g i a y o t r o s . Tbrminos
c i e n t f f i c o s son introducidos a 1 uso c o m h cada
vez que c o n c e p t o s nuevos son formulados, p o r l o
que s e r e q u i e r e poner a1 d i a 10s t6rminos nuevos
p e r i 6 d i c a m e n t e . Cuando ningSn i n t e n t o s e h a c e d e
c u b r i r t o t a l m e n t e l a e s f e r a de t e r m i n o l o g f a
c i e n t f f i c a de l a s r e s p e c t i v a s d i s c i p l i n a s , e s
a n t i c i p a d o que e s t e g l o s a r i o s e a d t i l p a r a
aumentar l a s comunicaciones y animar
entendixnientos e n t r e p e r s o n a s de lengua e s p a i i o l
y i n g l g s y tambien s e r v i r como un punto de
p a r t i d a p a r a e l d e s a r r o l l o de un e n t e n d i m i e n t o d e
t h n i n o s t&cnicos.

R e c i e n t e s i m p o s i o s ( ~ e u n i 6 nS o b r e La Fauna y
Su Medio Ambiente, N o r o e s t e de Mdxico y S u r o e s t e
E s t a d o s Unidos de AmtSrica 1981; Reuni6n Sobre
Manejo y U t i l i z a c i h de l a s P l a n t a s d e Zonas
A r i d a s 1985) a u s p i c i a d o p o r l a S u b s e c r e t a r i a
F o r e s t a l y d e l a Fauna, y e l I n s t i t u t o Nacional
d e I n v e s t i g a c i o n e s F o r e s t a l e s d e M6xic0, y e l
Departamento d e A g r i c u l t u r a , S e r v i c i o F o r e s t a l de
10s E s t a d o s Unidos h a n hecho u n a s c o n t r i b u c i o n e s
v a l i o s o s a 1 intercambio de informaci6n c i e n t f f i c a
y t d c n i c a s o b r e e l manejo de r e c u r s o s n a t u r a l e s .
E s t o s s i m p o s i o s f u e r o n p a r t e de un a c u e r d o que
continua e n t r e l a s r e s p e c t i v a s agencias para
aumentar l a s c a p a c i d a d e s p r o f e s i o n a l e s mediante
Un
a c t i v i d a d e s de t r a n s f e r e n c i a de t e c n o l o g f a .
a m b i e n t e muy r e c e p t i v o de c o o p e r a c i 6 n ha
r e s u l t a d o de t a l e s a c t i v i d a d e s p a r a e l b e n e f i c i o
mutuo de c i e n t f f i c o s mexicanos y a m e r i c a n o s .
Aparte de esfuerzos i n d i v i d u a l e s para
e n t e n d e r y comunicar l a p e r t i n e n c i a d e e s t o s
simposios, l a b a r r e r a d e l lenguaje frecuentemente
impide un i n t e r c a m b i o e f e c t i v o d e i d e a s . Ademis,
10s s e n t i d o s e s p e c i a l i z a d o s d e l a j e r g a
c i e n t f f i c a se p i e r d e n cuando s o n t r a d u c i d o s a
t 4 r m l n o s c o n c o n n o t a c i 6 n e s s o c i o l d g i c o s . Muy
s e g u i d o , un t6rmino puede t e n e r d i f e r e n t e
s e n t i d o s p a r a e l s i l v i c u l t o r , e l c i e n t f f i c o de
s u e l o s , o e l manejador de f a u n a s i l v e s t r e .
En
o r d e n p a r a q u e un e s c u c h a n t e pueda r e c i b i r un
c l a r o e n t e n d i m i e n t o d e l p r o b l e m que s e d i s c u t e ,
e l t r a d u c t o r t i e n e que e s t a r f a m i l i a r i z a d o con l a
t e r m i n o l o g f a c i e n t f f i c a p e r t i n e n t e a 10s a s u n t o s
especializados.

E l g l o s a r i o c o n t i e n e d o s s e c c i o n e s . La
primera secci6n contiene l a s t r a d u c c i ~ n e s ~ d e
i n g l 6 s a 1 e s p a i i o l , y l a segunda s e c c i 6 n d e
espaiiol a 1 i n g l k s . Cada s e c c i 6 n e s d i v i d i d a
e n t r e s i e t e s u b s e c c i o n e s , cada c u a l s e d e d i c a a
tdrminos que s e u s a n d e n t r o l a d i s c i p l i n a
particular.
E l t e x t o esta a r r e g l a d o
a l f a b 6 t i c a m e n t e e n t r e l a s s e c c i o n e s , comenzando
con l a p a l a b r a c l a v e e n i n g l g s o e s p a i i o l , y
seguida por l a traducci6n equivalente.
Se e n t i e n d e que a l g u n a s p e r s o n a s p u d i e r a n
no e s t a r d e a c u e r d o con a l g u n o s tr5rminos d e b i d o a
s u p r o p i a u t i l i z a c i 6 n de j e r g a s i m i l a r , p e r 0 a 1
menos e s t a r d n c o n c i e n t e s de s u u t i l i z a c i 6 n e n
o t r a s regiones y disciplinas.

E l p r o p o s i t o d e e s t e g l o s a r i o es d e
p r e s e n t a r a t r a d u c t o r e s , c i e n t f f i c o s , manejadores
de recursos, administradores y o t r o s interesados,
l a s t r a d u c c i o n e s e q u i v a l e n t e e n e s p a f i o l - i n g l k s de
ttirminos cornfines, c i e n t f f i c o s y de manejo, que s e

iii

CONTENTS
Page

English-Spanish

.......................................................................................
...........................................................................................
............................................................................................
..........................................................................................
..............................................................................................
W i l d l i f e ..........................................................................................
Range ..........................................................................................
Animals
Fishery
Botany
Forestry
Soil

..........................................................................................
.........................................................................................
............................................................................................
...................................................................................
........................................................................................

BotGnica
Forestales
Suelos
Fauna S i l v e s t r e
Pastizales

2
3
7
13
15
20

29
33
41
43
48

AN ENGLISH-SPANISH GLOSSARY OF TERMINOLOGY


USED IN FORESTRY, RANGE, WILDLIFE, FISHERY,
SOILS, AND BOTANY
GLOSARIO EN INGLES-ESPANOL DE TERMINOLOGIA
USADOS E N FORESTALES, PASTIZALES, FAUNA SILVESTRE,
PESQUERIA, SUELOS, Y BOTANICA
Alvin Leroy Medina

ENGLISH-SPANISH
Animals
English

Spanish

alpaca

alpaca

deer

venado

anteater, great

oso hormiguero

deer, b l a c k t a i l

v e n a d o c o l a negra

anteater, l i t t l e

o s o co lrnenero

deer, fallow

dama

antelope

antilope

deer, fallow

paleto

antelope

berrendo

deer, f a l l o w female

gama

tasugo, t e j 6 n

deer, f a l l o w male

g amo

deer, mule

venado hemionus

deer, w h i t e t a i l

vanado c o l a b l a n c a '
elefante, ta

badger
bar, f r u i t

murcie'lago, berme j i z o , za

bear

OSQ,

bear, black

oso negro

elephant

b e a r , brown

oso pardo

elk

a l c e , venado a l a z a n

b e a r , cub

osezno

fox

raposa, o, zorra, ro

bear, grizzly

oso g r i s

fox, a r c t i c

zorro, iirtico

bear, polar

oso p o l a r

fox, f l y i n g

zorro volador

beaver

castor

fox, k i t , p r a i r i e fox

z o r r o de l a s p r a d e r a s

bison

b i s o n te , cibol o

fox, red

zorro rojo

b i s o n , female

cibola

gazelle

gacela

b o a r , female

j abalina

g a z e l l e , male

gacel

boar, wild

jabali

giraffe

j irafa

bobcat

g a t 0 montgs

gnu

iiu

buff a10

bcfalo, l a

g o a t , mountain

bicerra

c ame 1

cameilo

g o a t , wild

h i r c o , cabro

c a t , wild

t i g r i l l o , g a t 0 mont6s

gopher

taltuza

chimpanzee

chimpancg

hare, jackrabbit

liebre

ardilla listada

hyena

hiena

coati

coati

ibex

Sbice

cayo t e

coyote

j aguar

jaguar

chipmunk

'

kangaroo

canguro

rodent

roedor

koala

oso marsupial, koala

s h e e p , mountain

borrego cimarrdn

lagomorph

lagomorf o

skunk

mapurite, z o r r i l l o , z o r r i o

leopard

leopard0

sloth

unau, perezoso

leporid

lepo'ride

SOW

cochina

lion

le6n

squirrel

ardilla

l i o n cub

leoncico, l e o n c i l l o ,

s q u i r r e l , common g r a y

perigris

squirrel, flying

guigui, a r d i l l a voladora

l i o n , mountain

l e 6 n de montaiia

(Pteromys

lioness

leona

petaurista)

llama

llama

s q u i r r e l , gray

ardilla gris

lynx

lince

s q u i r r e l , ground

ardilla de l a tierra

marmot

marmo t a

tapir

tapir

mole

top0

t a p i r , Mexican

ant eburr o

tiger

tigre

leoncito

mouse

rat&,

mouse, f i e l d

campanol

na

tigress

tigresa

mouse, f i e l d

r a t 6 n d e campo

vicuna

vicuiia

warthog

j a b a l i verrugoso

muskrat

almizclera

muskrat

r a t a amizclada

weasel

comadrej a

ocelot

ocelote, chibiguazu

weasel

mustela

opossum

churcha , t l a c u a c h e ,

wolf

lob0

rabopelado

zarigtieya
or y x

orix

otter

ahuizote

wolf cub

lobezno

Woodpecker

picamadero, p i j a r o
carpintero

,'

lutria,

cebra

zebra

nutria
o t t e r (Lutra

guillin

Fishery

hnidobria)
panther

pant e r a

algae, green

a l g a verde

peccary

biquira, p6cari

aqueous

acuoso

peccary, collared

chacharita, j abalina

backwater

p i g , swine

p u e r c o , c o c h i n o , marrano

bank/shore

ribera

piscivorous,

piscfvoro, r a

barbel

barb i l l a

bass

lobina

pond, f r o g

ranero

belly, fish

v e n t r e cha

porcupine

puerco e s p i n

benthos

bentos

rabbit

conej o

brackish/briny

salobre

racoon

mapache

branchia

branquia

rat, female

rata

brook/creek

rivera

r a t a canguro

brooklet

arroyuelo

rat, water

sacirio

c a zp

carpa

reindeer

rangff e r o , rengif e r o , reno

catch, i n a net

redar, red

f ish-eating

rat

, kangaroo

remanso

caudal f i n or t a i l

caudal, cola

phytoplankton

f itoplancton

crab

c a n g r ej o

plankton

plancton

cray f i s h

astaco

rapids, river

rabi6n, rapid08

cray f i s h

cimbaro

rapids, river

recial

crustaceous

crusticeo, a

reach, stream

tramo f l u v i a l

culture, fish

piscicultura

river

rio

r i v u l e t , stream,

riacho, riachuelo

dam, a s w i t h b e a v e r s

represa, rebalsar , estanca

dorsal

dorsal

dorsal f i n

aleta dorsal

roe, fish eggs

hueva

downstream

r i o abajo

salamander

salamandra

estuary, i n l e t

e s t u a r i o , desembocadura

salmon

s a lm6n

fish

Pe=

seine, fishing net

cercote

f i s h , game

pescados de caza

shad

sibalo

rill

fish, lake

charal

shad

alosa

fish, small bait

j aramugo

spawn, t o

desovar

fish, t o

pescar

spawning o f f i s h e s

freza

fisherman

pescador

spawning s e a s o n ,

desove

fishhook

a n z u e l o , hamo

fishing, angling

pesca

frog

rana

frog, leopard

rana, leopard0

streambed

fondo d e l l e c h o

f r o g , pond

ranero

tadpole

r e n a c u aj o

ground, f i s h i n g /

pesqueria

thermic, thermal

termico, ca

spawning
stream, torrent

raudal

rapid

toad

sap0

piscifactorfa

trade, fishing

pesqueria, pesca

ichthyology

ictiologfa

trap, f i s h

butrino

lagoon, s m a l l l a k e

laguna

trap, fishlsnare

garlito

lake

lago

trout

trucha

l a y e r , under a r i v e r

subAlveo, a

underwater,

subacu6tic0, ca

fishery
hatchery, f i s h

'

subaquatic

bed
l i m i t , size

l i m i t e d e tamaiio

upstream

aguas a r r i b a

line, fishing

sedal

ventral

ventral

n e t , dip/scoop n e t

salabardo

net, f i s h dip

nansa

net, fishing/seine

tirona

achene

aquenio

net, netting

red

acorn

bellota

net, large fishing

cedazo

agrostology

agrostologia

net, river fishing

redaya

alder

aliso (~lnus)

n e t , shad

almatroque

a l g a e , green

alga verde

n e t , shad

s6balo

ament

ament o

nymph
opercular

ninfa

androecium

androceo

opercular

anther

a n t era

operculum

operculo

anthesis

antesis

Botany

aupressed

comprimido

cane, reed

caiia

arborescent

arborescente

carpel

carpelo

arborescent

dendroideo, a

c a t t a i l , bulrush

anea

arboretum

arboreto

c a t t a i l reed

bohordo

a s h (Fraxinus)

fresno

caulescent

caulescente

aspen

i l a m o temb l 6 n

cedar

cedro

aster

amelo

cedar patch (small)

tarajal
c6lula

awned

aristoso, sa, aristado

ce l1

axil

axila

c e l l lumen

cavidad c e l u l a r

b e a r i n g abundant

cadanego, g a

cell plate

placa celular

cherry

cerezo

chlorophy 11

clorof i l a

f r u i t every year

berry

baya

biennial

bianual

chlorosis

caquexia o r c l o r o s i s

bi f erous

bifero, r a

clover, t r e f o i l

tribal

bi f i d
billous
biparous

b i f i d o , da
. velloso, s a

bfparo, r a

c l u s t e r , umbel

r a m i l l e t e , umbela

clustered

arracirnado, d a

c l u s t e r of s h o o t s

amacollar

biont

bionte

coleop t i l e

cole6ptilo

biota

biota

columbine

aguileiia

bipetalous

bipgtalo

coniferous, conifer

conifero, ra

bi p i n n a t e

b i p i n a d o , da

cortex

corteza

birch

abedul

creeper

estolonif era

bloom

f lorecer

cymo se

cimoso, sa

b o r n e upon t h e s t e m

caulffero, r a

cypress

cipris

botanical

botznico, ca

dehiscent

dehiscen t

botany

botkica

dendrochronology

dendrocronologia

botany

fitologia

d e rma 1

dermico

bract

briictea

dicotyledon

dicotiled6n

bracteate

bracteado, da

dioecious

dioico

bractlet

bracteola

dipetalous

dipGtalo, l a

bryophy t e

bridf i t a

disepalous

buckthorn

a l a d i e r n o (Rhamnus)

Douglas-fir

a b e t o de Douglas

drupe, stone f r u i t

drupa

bud

disGpalo, l a

bud ( a d v e n t i t i o u s )

yema a d v e n t i c i a

elder

sabuco

bud, shoot

g r omo

elder tree,

salico

bud ( t e r m i n a l )

yema t e r m i n a l

bulb

bulbo

el m

olmo (Ulmus)

bulbous

bulboso, s a

elm g r o v e

olmeda

b u n c h / c l u s t e r of

macolla

elm g r o v e , p o p l a r

negrillera

r o o t s o r flowers

elderberry

grove

cactus

cacto, cactus

embedded

empot r a d o

calyx

ciliz

endodermis

endodermis

camb ium

c Amb ium

ephedra ( j o i n t f i r )

belcho, ef edra

epigynous

epi gi n o

imbricate

imbricado , da

epiphyte

epifito, a

indehiscence

indehiscencia

ethology

etologia

i n f e r i o r , lower

infero, ra

evergreen

p e r e n n i f o l i a , siempre

inl o r e s c e n c e

inflorescencia

verde

internode

entrenudo

extruded

expulsado

involucre

involucro

fa s c i a t i o n

a s c i a c i b n

involute

involuta

feather

p luma

j uncaceous

j uncAceo

female

hemb r a

j uniper

j unipero , enebro

fern

helecho

fibrous

f ibroso

j u n i p e r grove

fir

a b e t o (Abies)

j uniper r e s i n

grasilla, resina

f i r ( ~ i eb s )

pinabete

juniper t r e e o r

nebro

flora

flora

florescence

florescencia

floret

f l6sculo

flower

flor

lanceolate

a r r ej onado, d a

flower s t a l k

rabo, t a l l o f l o r a l

lanceolate

lanceolado , da

foliose

foliado

latifoliate

latifolio, a

.j

uniper berry

neb r i n a , eneb r i n a
n e b r a l , nebreda

shrub
knotweed (Polygonurn

altamandria

aviculave)

follicle

foliculo

leaf, petal

for leaves t o turn

alimonarse, a m a r l l l a r

Leaflet

h.oj u e l a

leafy

frondoso, s a

yellow

formation

f ormacio'n

legume

l e g u m b r e , cambute

foxtail

almorejo

lemma

lema

frond, leaf

f ronda

lichen

liquen

fruit

fruta

ligule

ligula

fungal

f u n g a l , fungoso

lobed

lobulado

fungus

fungo

locust

r o b i n i a (Robinia)

geniculate

g e n i c u l a d o , da

maple

a r c e , maple

germination

germinaci6n

maple - t r e e

sAcere

globule

gl6bulo

membrane

memb r ana

g r a m grass

navaj itas

mesocarp

mesocarpio

g ramineou s

gramineo , nea

mesophy 11

mesof i l o

granif erous

granifero, r a

mesophyte

mes6fito

gravel bar

dep6sito de grava

microphy t e

micro'f i t o

guard c e l l

c&la

mistletoe

mu6rdago

gymnosperm

gimnospermo, m a

monocotyledon

monocotiledon

having f l e s h y l e a v e s

pencudo, d a

monoecious

monoico

herbarium

herbario

moss

musco, musgo

he t e r o p h y l l o u s

heterbfilo, l a

multif i d

multifido , d a

hydrophilous

hidr6filo, l a

multiflora

multif l o r

hydrophytic

hidrbfito, t a

mushroom

champiion, nanacate, s e t a

" Y P ~ ~ Y ~ Y

hipoginia

mushroom, t o a d s t o o l

hongo

oclusiva

mycelium

micelio

p lasmodesmata

p lasmodesmos

mycology

micologia

P 0d

vaina

nerve, vein

n e r v i o , vena

pointed

p u n t i a g u d o , a l e z n a d o , da

nodule

n6dulo

pollen

po l e n

nopal, prickly pear

nopal

poplar

;i1amo

notched, indented

r e c o r t a d o , da

prickly pear f r u i t

t una

n u t , of any t r e e

nuez

p r i c k l y pear growth

nopalera, tuna1

oak

encino

or thicket

oak

rob l e

primary w a l l

memb r a n a p r i m a r i a

oak grove o r f o r e s t

rob leda

p t eridophyte

pterid6f i t o

o a t , wild

b a l l u e c a , avena s i l v e s t r e

pubescent, h a i r y

pubescente

obovate

obovado , d a

raceme

racimo

onion, wild

ceborrincha

rachis

raquis

panicle

panicula

radlat e

r a d i a d o , da

paniculate

paniculado, da

radicle

r a d f cu l a

pecan t r e e , pecan n u t

nogal

relic

reliquia

pedicel

pedicel0

reticulate

r e t i c u l a d o , da

pedicellate

pedicelado, da

rhizome

r i z oma

pedicle

pediculo

root

raiz

peduncle

ped6nculo

root cap

cofia

periantio

roots, matted

raigamb r e

petalo

s a l i c a c eous

petiole

pecfolo

s a l t cedar

t a r a j e , tarnarix

phanerophyte

f a n e r 6 f it a

s a x i c o l o u s , growing

saxicolo

phenology

fenologia

phycology

ficologia

perianth
petal

among r o c k s
seed

semilla

physiognomy

f isonomf a

semif l o r e t

semif l o s c u l o

phyton

fit6n

sepal

se'palo

phytoplankton

f itoplancton

s e p tum

septo

pine, pine t r e e

pino

sessile

siisil

p i n e cone, p i n e n u t

p ifia

shoot, scion

viistago, v i s t i g a

p i n e grove o r f o r e s t

pineda, p i n a r

shoot, sprout,

retoiio

sucker

pine needle

i n o ;ha

pine needles

alhuma j o

s h o o t s , h a v i n g many

multicaule

pinnate

pinado, da

shrub

arbusto

pinnatifid

p i n a t i f i d o , da

spike

espiga

pinon n u t

piiion

spikelet

espiguilla

pistil

pistil0

spore

espora

pistillate

p i s t i l a d o , da

s p r i g , twig

ramilla

plant

planta

s t a l k , having only

unicaule

plant sap

savia

plants

plantas, plantaje

(collectively)

one
s t a l k , stem

cabi l l o

staminat e

e s t a m i n a d o , da

estipula

weeping willow

sauce l l o r 6 n

s u b s t o r n a t a l chamber

camara s u b e s t o m i t i c a

white f i r

abeto blanco

sunflower

girasol

wild grapevine

sycamore

sic6moro

wild p l a n t s

r u s t i c a n o , na, p l a n t a s

sympetalous

simpetalo, l a

salguera, r o , sauce
s a u c e d a , s a l c e d a , do

silvestres

tamarix

tamarisco, tamariz

willow

taproot

r d z pivotante

willow grove

taxaceous

taxaceo, a

willow ( S a l i x i n c a n a )

sacina

tendril

zarcillo

xerophilous

xerofilo, l a

terminal shoot

gu&i t e r m i n a l

xerophytic,

x e r 6 f it o , t a

tetrandrous

tetrandro, a

xerophyte

tetrapetalous

tetrapgtalo, l a

xylem

xilema

thallophyte

talofi t a

yarrow ( A c h i l l e a

altarreina

thallus

talo

thorn, caltrop,

m i l l e f olium)

abrojo

thistle
t h o r n , s p i n e on
plants
timothy

Forestry

pincho , espina
f leo

acidity

acidez

acreage

s u p e r f i c e medida en a c r e s

t o blossom, f l o w e r

florecer

acrogenous

producido e n e l & p i c e

tomentose

tomentoso, sa

a e r i a l photo

l a fotografia airea

tree

drbol

af o r e s t a t i o n

forestaci6n

age

edad

trembling poplar,

age c l a s s

c l a s e d e edad

trif id

t r i f i d o , da

agronomy

agronomia

trifoliate

t r i f o l i a d o , da

air dry

eecado a 1 s i r e

tuber, tubercle

tubkrculo

allowable cut

posibilidad d e corte

tuberose, tuberous

tuberosa, s a

amount

importe, cantidad

umbel

umbela

annual c u t

corte a n u a l

uniparous

uniparo, r a

annual- r i n g

zona a n u a l de c r e c i m i e n t o ,

vegetation

vegetaci6n

aspen

anillo

vein

vena

annual y i e l d

rendimiento a n u a l

vernation

vernaci6n

aphid

a'f i d 0

verticil

verti c i l o

appraisal

tasacidn

v e r t i c i l o r whorl

calicillo

arboretum

arboreto

area

superficie, grea

of l e a v e s
vesicule

vesicula

a r e a regulation

o r d e n a c i 6 n p o r irea

vine

viiia

a r t i f i c i a l seeding

siembra

vine tendril

pleguet e

ashes

cenizas

walnut

nocedal

autumn

0 t 050

walnut grove

noceda, n o g u e r a l

average t r e e

Grbol promedio

w a l n u t t r e e , walnut

nocedal

axe

ha cha

backfire

c o n t r a f uego

wood

bolsa

cellulose

celulosa

b a l l planting

p l a n t a r con t e r r 6 n

center rot

p u d r i c i 6 n d e l coraz6n

bandsaw

sierra cinta

chain

cadena

bark

corteza

chainsaw

s i e r r a t r o n z a d o r a de

bark peeling

descortezamient o

bag

barkbeetle

e s c o l i t i d o , descortezador

cadena, motosierra
charcoal

carbon

basal area

i r e a basal

charcoal k i l n

carbonera

b a s e map

plano general

chip

viruta

beam

viga

chipboard

t a b l e r o de p a r t i c u l a s
astilladora

bed, nursery

platabanda, vivero

chipper

beetle

escarabaj o

chisel

cincel

Biltmore s t i c k

r e g l a de B i l t m o r e

chlorophyll

clorof i l a

b l a z e (on a t r e e )

marcar

chlorosis

clorosis

blight

tiz6n

Christmas t r e e

6 r b 0 l de n a v i d a d

block (cutting)

t ramo

chromosome

cromosoma

b lowdown

v u e l c o p o r 10s v i e n t o s

c i r c u l a r saw

sierra circular
limpia

bluestain

a z u l a d o d e madera

cleaning ( s i l v . )

board

tabla

c l e a rcut

matarrasa, t a l a r a s a

b o a r d f oo t

pie-tabla

clearcut patches

matarrasa por grupos

bog peat

turba

clearcut s t r i p s

matarrasa en f a j a s

bole

rollizo
barrenador

climate

clima

b o r e r , increment

taladro

clod

boundary

b i t e

clone

g='Jmo
clon

borer

alternadas

broadcast burn

roza a fuego

codominant

codominante

broadcast seeding

sembrar a v o l e o

compass

brGjula

broad-leaved

f rondosa

computer

computadora,

brush-cutter

desbrozadora

cone ( p i n e )

con0 , p i c a

buck ( i n f e l l i n g )

tronzar

coniferous

conf f e r a

budget

presupuesto

contour l i n e

curva de n i v e l

burl

verruga

control (pests)

combate

burn

quemar

c o n t r o l measure

mktodo d e combate

by-product

product0 secundario

coppice

monte b a j o

cable

cable

cord

cuerda

caliper

forcicula

cordwood

leiia

callus

tejido cicatrizal

corolla

corola

cambium

c'amb ium

( C r o n a r t ium)

roya v e s i c u l a r

c-P

campamento

c r o s s c u t saw

trozador

canker

cancrosis

cross-pollinate

alogamia

canopy

dosel

crown ( o f t r e e )

copa

caterpillar

oruga

crown-class

c l a s i f i c a c i 6 n arborea

caterpillar tractor

t r a c t o r oruga

crown-closure

espesura d e l dosel

cell

cklula

crown-fire

incendio de copas

- .

cruise-line

c a m i n a t o de muestreo

eradicate

erradicar

c u l l (material)

material defectuosa

e r r o r (sampling)

e r r o r d e muestreo

cultural practice

prictica cultural

estimation

estirnacib

c u t (to f e l l )

cortar, talar

even-aged

coetaneo

cutting

estaquillado

evergreen

siempre verde

c u t t i n g cycle

c i c l o de cortas

exotic (species)

especie exiitica

c u t t i n g period

periodo de c o r t a s

exploit

aprovechar , explotar

damage

daiio

f a l l (season)

otoiio

damp ing-o f f

enfermedad d e l a s

farm woodlot

monte campesino

fell

t a l a r , c o r t a r , apear

datos

fence

cerco

d i b e t r o a1 altura del

fence (to)

cercar

fern

helecho

fertilizer

abono quimico ,

almiicigas
data

pecho
descortezadora

debarker

defectuosa

defective

(chemical)

fertilizante

deshojar

fiber

fibra

deforest

desmontar

field

campo

dendrometer

dendr6metro

f i e l d party

c u a d r i l l a de campo

density

densidad

f i e l d work

t r a b a j o de campo

development

desarollo

financing

financiamiento

diameter

d i b t r o

fire

fuego

diameter. c l a s s

c l a s e diamhtrica

f i r e control

control de incendios

diameter tape

c i n t a diamgtrica

f i r e (forest)

incendio f o r e s t a l

dike

dique

firebreak

f ranj a cortafuega

disease

enf ermedad

fireline

cortafuego

defoliate

'

d i s k plow

arado de discos

flood (to)

inundar

district

distrito

forest

bosque, monte

d i s t r i c t ranger

ingeniero j e f e d e l

f o r e s t inventory

estadistica forestal

f o r e s t guard

guarda f o r e s t a l

forest l ~ n d

terreno forestal

distrito
dominant

dominant e

dormancy

period0 de reposo

f o r e s t management

manejo f o r e s t a l

dormant ( s e e d )

germinaci6n retardada

f o r e s t policy

polftica forestal

Douglas-fir

a b e t o d e Douglas

f o r e s t regulation

ordenacibn f o r e s t a l

d r i l l (seed)

s i e m b r a en h i l e r a s

f o r e s t research

investigaci6-n f o r e s t a l

dry-kiln

secadero

forest s o i l

suelo f o r e s t a l

dry r o t

podredumbre

forestry

dasonomia

duff

mant i l l o

form f a c t o r

c o e f i c i e n t e morfico

dwarf-mistletoe

mugrdago

formula

f drmu la

ecology

ecologia

frequency

f requencia

economics

economia

frost

helada

ef e c t o

fungal disease

micosis

environment

amb i e n t e

f u n g u s (growth)

hongo

environmental

ambiental

furniture

mueb l e s

effect

furrow
gall
gall-midge,

nutgall

surco

interest (rate)

r a s a de i n t e r e s

agalla

intermediate c u t

aclareo

cecidia

interval

interval0

generation

generaci6n

intolerant

intolerante

genotype

geno t i p o

i n v e n t o ry

inventario, estadfstica,

germination

germinaci6n

censo

girdle (to)

anillar

i r r i g a t e (to water)

regar

grade (to)

clasificar

kno t

nu do

graft (to)

i n je r t a r

knotty

nudoso

g r a i n (of wood)

g r a n o de madera

land u s e

aprovechamiento d e t i e r r a s

ground f i r e

incendio s u p e r f i c i a l

landscape

paisaj e

grow ( t o c u l ~ i v a t e )

cultivar

larva

larva

growing s t o c k

madera en p i e

l e a d e r (growth)

guia terminal

growth

crecimiento

length

longitud

g u l IY

carcava

l e v e l (ground)

terreno llano

hi1

granizo

l e v e l (instrument)

nivel

h a i r roots

raices cepilares

l i f t (seedlings)

desarraigar

hand (work b y )

a mano

lightning

r a y 0 , relsmpago

hardwood

madera d u r a ( d e e s p e c i e

lignin

lignina

l i t t e r (leaves)

ho j a r a s c a

rastra

l i t t e r (refuse)

desecho

r a st r e a r

load ( t o )

cargar

harvest

cosechar

l o a d e r ( j ammer)

g*a

heartshake

hendido e n e l duramen

log

t r o z o d e madera, l e n o

heartwood

duramen

logging (harvest)

explotaci6n forestal

height

altura

lookout tower

t o r r e de v i g i l a n c i a

herbicide

herbicida

lop ( t o )

desramar

hereditary

hereditario

lumber

madera a s e r r a d a

horticulture

horticultura

management o b j e c t i v e

ob j e t i v o d e manejo

humus

m a n t i l l o i c i d o , humus

management p l a n

p l a n d e manej o

hybrid

hfbrido

management u n i t

u n i d a d d e manejo

hydrology

hidrologia

mapa, p l a n o

hypsometer

hipsometro

map
mark ( t r e e s )

improvement ( f o r e s t )

me jo r a m i e n t o

market v a l u e

valor corriente

increment

incremento

marsh

p a n t ano

increment b o r e r

taladro

mature

maduro

i n c r e m e n t (mean

i n c r e m e n t o medio a n u a l

mature s t a n d

maderable

maturity

madurez
pradera

frondosas)
harrow
harrow ( t o )

annual)

s e ~ i a l a rZ r b o l e s

infest

infestar

meadow

infestation

i n f e s taci6n

meadow (wet)

cienaga

i nj u r y

herida

mean

promedio, media

insect

insecto

mensuration

mensuracio'n

insolation

aislamiento

measure

medida

planta

lint

micorrhiza

micorriza

microclimate

microclima

mistletoe

muirdago

plantation

plantacidn

moist

hGmedo

blanting bar

b a r r a de h e n d i r

moisture content

c o n t e n i d o de humedad

p l a n t i n g machine

plantadora

mold

moho

planting stock

plantones

morphology

morfologia

plot

parcela

p l a n t a r , sembrar

,.lant ( t o )

musgo

plow ( t o )

arar

moth

polilla

plywood

triplex

mulch

c o l c h d n de m a t e r i a

p h s o n (to)

envenenar

moss

poste

orga'nica

aprovecho m u l t i p l e

pollinate

polinizar

n a t u r a l resource

recurso natural

pollution (air)

poluci6n d e l ambiente

nursery

vivero

p o l l u t i o n (water)

p o l u c i 6 n d e l agua

multiple use

'

arboricultor

preparatory cutting

corta preparatoria

nut

nuez

prism

p risma

open space (in)

calvero

provenance

o r i g e n , procedencia

nurseryman

prune ( t o )

podar

ornamental ( t r e e )

Lrbol ornamental

pulpwood

madera e n r o l l o

overmature

sobremaduro

railroad t i e

d u r m i e n t e de f e r r o c a r r i l

overstory

e s t r a t o superior

random

azar

avertopped

suprimido

r a t e of i n t e r e s t

t a s a de i n t e r i s

palea

palea, glumilla

recreation

recreo

palisade c e l l s

c & l u l a s en e m p a l i z a d a

reforestation

reforestaci6n

parasite

par6sito

regeneration

regeneracio'n

parasitic

parasitario

regeneration cut

c o r t a d e regeneracibn

r e g u l a t i o n of c u t

ordenacibn d e l

o r e st )

parenchyma

~arLnquima

park-like f o r r s t

bosque parque

particle-board

t a b l e r ~de p a r t i c u l a s

relascope

relascopio

peel (to)

descortezar

research"

investigacidn

peeler (log)

madera de d e s e n r o l l o

resin

percent

por c i e n t o

resources

percentage

porcentaj e

r i n g , annual

a n i l l o anual

pest

plaga

r i n g s hake

acebolladura

pesticide

pest icida

road, access

camino a c c e s o

phloem

f loema

r o a d system

r e d de carninos

aprovechamiento

physiologic

fisiol6gica

rot

podredumbre

pile

a p i l a m i e n to

rotation

rotaci6n

pine (Pinus)

pino

roundwood

pinecone

cono, pins

r OW

pine needle

aguj a

r u s t (disease)

roya

pith

medula

safety

seguridad

planning

p laneamiento

salvage (cutting)

c o r t a de salvamiento

madera e n r o l l o
I

fila, hilera

muestra

skid (logs)

a r r a s t r a r (extraer)

sample d i s t r i b u t i o n

d i s t r i b u c i b n de m u e s t r a

skidding

extraction

sample p l o t

parcela de pmeba

slab

sample t r e e

iirbol t i p o

slash

sample

costero
.desechos de l a c o r t a

sampling

muestreo

slope

questa, pendiente

sampling e r r o r

e r r o r de m u e s t r e o

snag

f u s t e muerto

sandy

arenoso

softwood

madera b l a n d a ( d e

sap

savia

saplings (thicket)

monte b r a v o

species

espec i e

conif era)

sapwood

albura

spiral (grain)

forcida

savanna

sabana

s p l i t (to)

rajar

saw ( t o )

aserrar

spray (to)

rociar

saw

sierra

spring (season)

primavera

sawdust

aserrf n, serraduras

s t a n d improvement

tratamienta cultural

sawmill

aserreradero

s t a n d (of t r e e s )

m a s a , macizo

sawtimber

madera p a r a a s e r r a r

standard deviation

deviaci6n estandar

s c a l e (of map)

escala

standing timber

m a d e r a en p i e

s c a l e (timber)

m e d i c i 6 n de volumen

stem (bole)

tronco, elfuste

s c e n i c beauty

belleza del paisaje

stereoscope

estereoscopio

scion

pua p a r a i n j e r t a r

stigma

estigma

s c r u b (growth)

matorral

stocking

densidad

s e a s o n (of y e a r )

es t a c i 6 n

stratification

estratificaci6n

seed

semilla

s t r a t i f i e d sample

muestreo e s t r a t i f i c a d o

seedbed

cama d e s i e m b r a a l m a c i g a

strip

f a j a , banda

seeding

siembra

stump

cepa, toc6n

seedling

b r i n z a l , semill611,

stumpage ( v a l u e )

v a l o r d e madera en p i e

plantula

summer

verano

seedling stage

repob l a d o

suppressed

suprimido
rendimiento sostenido

seed t r e e

i r b o l semillero

sustained yield

seed t r e e cutting

corta diseminatoria

system

s e e d t r e e method

t a l a r a s a con p o r t a g r a n o s

t a b l e (of f i g u r e s )

t a b l a , cuadro

tape (measuring)

c i n t a de medici6n

temperature

temperatura

selection forest
selection thinning

bosque d e e n t r e s a c a

.a c l a r e o

selectiva

sisrema

selective cut

c o r t a de entresaca

termite

t e r m i t a , comejen

shade

sombra

thin (to)

aclarear, entresacar

shade tolerant

umbrof i l a

t h i n n i n g f r o m above

a c l a r a por l o a l t o

shake ( h e a r t s h a k e )

t ej amanil

t h i n n i n g from b e l o w

a c l a r a de l a p a r t e

sharpen

afilar

shelterwood (system)

cortes sucesivas

t h i n n i n g method

mitodo de a c l a r e o

silvicultural

silvicultural

timber

madera

s i l v i c u l t u r a l system

sistema s i l v i c u l t u r a l

tongs

tenazas

silviculture

silvicultura

top

a'pice

s i t e quality

calidad del s i t i o

t o p (to)

despuntar

inferior

accretion

embancamiento ,

top diameter

dismetro s u p e r i o r

tractor

tractor

t r a i l (path)

vereda

acid

icido

transp l a n t

trasplantar

acidity

acidez

tree

Qrbol

aggradation

aterramiento

t r e e (relating to)

arborea

aggregate, s o i l

agregado

aluvionamiento

t urpenr i n e

tremencina

alkali

Llcali, caliche

undercut

i n c i s i 6 n de c o r t a

alkaline

alcalino

uneven-aged

d i s et s n e o

alluvial

aluvial, aluvional

u n i t (management)

u n i d a d d e manej o

a l l u v i a l fan

con0 d e d e y e c c i d n

u n i t (of a r e a )

unidad de d r e a

u n i t (organization)

unidad d e l o r g a n i z a c i 6 n

alluvium

utilization

aprovechamiento,

a n a l y s i s , mechanical

a n 6 l i s i s mecinico

anthropic

antrhpico

apedal

apedal

abanico a l u v i a l

utilizaci6n

aluvi6n

vegetation

vegetaci6n

veneer

chapa d e madera

aquic

acuico

vigor

vigor

a r g i l l i c , clay

arcila, arcilla

vine

viiia

a r g i l l i c , clayey

arciloso, arcilloso

v o lume

volumen

auger, s o i l

sonda d e t i e r r a

volume (of a s t a n d )

masa

autoclave

autoclave

volume r e g u l a t i o n

o r d e n a c i 6 n p o r v o lumen

azonal, s o i l

azonal

volume t a b l e

t a b l a d e volumen

waste

desperdicio

backfill, f i l l

terraplkn

watershed a r e a

cuenca

b a d l a n d , c l a y loam

terreno abarrancado

w a t e r s h e d (boundary)

d i v i s o r i a de aguas

badlands

t i e r r a s de baldio

weather

t iempo

bedload

cargasolida

wedge

cufia

bedrock

lecho de roca

'

classification

weeding

deshierbe

boulder, rock

pedrejbn, pe6a, roca

weeds

malezas

breccia

brecha

weight

peso

calcareous

calcireo

w h o r l (of branches)

verticilo

calcic

cilcico

windthrow

v u e l c o p o r 10s v i e n t o s

camb i c

cimb i c o

winter

invierno

catena

c a t e- -n a

wither

marchitar

c l a y loam

greda, franco a r c i l l o s o

wood

madera

c l a y , loamy

gredal

woody p l a n t

p l a n t a leiiosa

c l a y mud, s i l t

barro

xylem

xilema

c l a y pan

tosca arc.illosa

yield

rendimiento

clayey

barroso, sa

t a b l a de rendimiento

cleavage

carga de r a j a

yield table

Soil
abutment

estribo

clod

terr6n

cobble

guijarro

cobbly land

g u i ja r r a l

colloid, s o i l

coloide del suelo

~olluvium
concreclon

concretion

microrelief

microrelieve

mollic

molico

c o n s i s t e n c e , soil

consistencia del suelo

ochric

ocrico

crust

costra

overburden

sobrecarga de suelo

d e s e r t pavement

adoguina

ox i c

oxico

desert varnish

barniz d e l desierto

paralithic

paralitico

dirt, soil

tierra

peak, high h i l l

cabezo

'

dralnage basin

cuenca h i d r o g r s f i c a

peat

turba

durinode

durnudo

pebbles, stones

rocalia

duripan

d u b s t r a t o , duro

ped, e a r t h c l o d

terr6n

edaphic

edifico, ca

pediment

f ront6n pendiente

eluviation

eluviacibn

pedology

pedologia

eolian

e6lico

pedologist

ped6logo

erode

desgastar, erosionar

pedou

pedo'n

erosion

erosibn

peneplain

peniplanicie

erosion, accelerated

erosi6n acelerada

percolate

perco l a r s e

e r o s i o n bank

desprendimiento d e r i b e r o

pergelic

pergelico

erosion, gully

e r o s i 6 n de c a r c a v a s

phase

f ase

e r o s i o n , pavement

p e d r e r a de e r o s i 6 n

platy

en p l a c a s

erosion, rill

erosi6n por regueros

podzol

podzol

erosion, sheet

e r o s i 6 n laminar

regolith

regolita

erosion, splash

erosi6n superficial

rill

riachuelo

f loculacidn

runof f

e s c o r r e n t i a , escurrimento

friable

friable

salic

salico .

granular

granuloso

sampler

S a c a m u e s t ras

gravel bar

dep6sito de grava

sampling

muestreo

g r a v e l , c o a r s e sand

grava

sand

arena

gravelly, stony

g u i j o s o , sa

sand dune

medano, duna

hardpan

capa dura, tosca

sandy clay

arciLlo arenoso

histico

s a n d y c l a y loam

f r a n c o a r c i l l o arenosa

floculation

h i st i c
illuvial

iluvial

s a n d y grou_nd o r p l a c e

arena1

i l l u v i a tion

iluviaci6n

s a n d y , heavy c o a r s e

siibulo

impermeable l a y e r

c a p a impermeable

s a n d y loam

franco arenoso

- ..

landfo m

f orma t e r r e s t r e

silt

limo

landslide

derrumbe

s i l t loam

f rasco limoso

leaching

lixiviaci6n

siltation

aterramiento

liming, s o i l

encalado

s i l t y c l a y loam

f ranco a r c i l l o limoso

lithic

li t i c 0

s o i l , acid

suelo &id0

lithosequence

litosecuencla

s o i l , aeolian

suelo e6lic0

loam

arcilla

soil, alkaline

suelo alcalino

loamy s a n d

arena francosa, franca

s o i l , a loam

tierra f r a n c a

loess

loess

s o i l , calcareous

suelo calizo

mesic

mesico

s o i l , chestnut

suelo castaiios

s o i l , c l a y loam

suelo franco arcilloso

udic

cIdico

s o i l , coliuvial

sueio coluvial

ustic

iistico

s o i l creep

dezlizamiento de s u e l o

s o i l , degraded

dezlizamiento

Wildlife

deslavado
dezlizamiento, profundidad

s o i l depth

del suelo

abiotic

ab i 6 t i c o

abomasum

abomaso

soil, earth

suelo

accipiter

accfpitre

s o i l , eluvial

dezlizamiento e l u v i a l

activity

actividad

s o i l horizon

horizonte edsf i c o

aesthetics

est&tico

s o i l , immature

suelo inmaturo

amphibian

anf i b i o

s o i l , loam

t i e r r a franco

anaerob i c

anaeriib i c o , ca

s o i l mantle

manto d e s u e l o

anatomy

a n a t omia

s o i l , mature

s u e l o maduro

animal, big-hoofed

cascudo, da

s o i l , mineral

suzlo mineral

animal, wild, or

fi e r a

s o i l , moisture

s u e l o , humedad d e l

s o i l , muck

s u e l o humi f e r o

beast
annulus

a n i 1l o

s o i l , normal

s u e l o climax

antler

asta

s o i l , organic

suelo orggnico

a n t l e r , budding

mogote

soil, pit

pozo a g r o 1 6 g i c o

antlersffawns f i r s t

cerceta

growth

s o i l porosity

p o r o s i d a d ediif i c a

soil profile

p e r f i l del suelo

antlers, t o cut off

descogotar

suelo sedentario

aquatic

acudti c o

soil, residual,
primary

a r c h e r ,,bowman

asaeteador
&ea superpoblada

soil, saline

suelo salino

area, concentration

soil series

suelo, s e r i e s de

a r e a , key

pastizal tipo

soil, skeletal

suelo esquel&tico

area, primitive

reserva primitiva

s o i l texture

suelo, textura del

area, wilderness

zona s e l v i t i c a

s o i l , top-

capa a r a b l e

arthropod

artrbpodo, da
autopsia
pajarera

soil, top

suelo vegetal

autopsy

s o i l type

suelo, tip0 d e l

aviary

soil, virgin

l i e g o , ga

bag l i m i t

cant idad permitible

spodic

esp6dico

bait

cebo , c a r n a d a

stony

pedregoso , s a

beard

barba

s t o n y ground

pedregal, pedroche

behavior

comportamiento

s t o n y , rocky ground

cantalinoso, s a

bifurcate

b i f u r c a d o , da

streambed, r i v e r b e d

Alveo

big-footed

path

subsoil

subs u e l o

bill

pic0

substratum

substrato

biological

biol6gic0, ca

survey, s o i l

i n v e s t i g a c i d n de s u e l o s
s u e 10s

biologist

b io'logo

biometry

biometria

topsoil

mant i l l 0

biped

bipedo, da

thermic

t&mico

bird

pgjara, r o

b i r d , game

ave d e c a s a

b i r d , l e a d e r of

gui6n

climbing , mountain

alpinismo

cloven-hoofed

p a t i h e n d i d o , da

migratory flock

cock, r o o s t e r

gallo

o r leading

coefficient ,

c o e f i c i e n t e de

digestion

dog i n a pack

degestibilidad

r a l e b n , ave de p r e s a

cohort

cohorte

birds, insectivorous

aves i n s e c t i v o r a s

cold-blooded

hemacrimo

birds, migratory

aves migratorias

conserve, t o

conservar

bi r th , giving

cadanero, r a

control, biological

c o n t r o l biologics

coo, t o (doves)

zurear

cooing,

zureo

b i r d of p r e y

annually

b l e a t i n g , sound

(doves)

of d e e r , s h e e p ,

count, s t r i p

medidas en b r u t o

goats

cover, escape

resguardo n a t u r a l

blind, hunter's

aguardadero, aguardo

c o v e r , game

cobijo

blind, hunter' s/hut

huta, paranza

covey, brood

pollada, nidada

bovid

b6vido

c o v e y of b i r d s

bandada

bovine

bovino, na

cycle, l i f e

ciclo vital

b r e a k o u t o f egg s h e l l

a p i tonar

cyclic

ciclico

cyst

quiste

u s i n g b i r d ' s beak
b r e a s t of a f o w l

pechuga

decoy, l u r e

aiiagaza, seiiuelo

brood, n e s t o f eggs

nidada

deer

venado

brood o f chic'ks

echadura d e p o l l o s , cr3a

d e e r , small o r young

gamezno

buck, immature

alero

den, b e a r ' s/ l a i r

osera

burrow, badger

t e jonera

den, l a i r

guarida

c a c k l e , to/caw, croak

graznar

density

densidad

call, bird

c h i f le

depredation

depredaci&

c a l l , decoy

chillido

desertion

desercik

c a l l , deer (bleet)

gamitido

diet

dieta

c a l l , d e e r / t o sound

gamitar

digestibility

digestibilidad

digitate

cisipedo, digitado

disembowel

desentranar

( a s with deer c a l l )
c a l l , t o c a l l t h e doe

roncar

dispersion

(as a b u c k i n a r u t )
canid

cinido

canine

canino

capacity, carrying

capacidad de carga

diversity

diversidad

carnivorous

carnivora, ra

docile

do'cil

cat

gata, o

d o g s , p a c k of

muta

caw, c a c k l e , c r o a k

graznido

dormant

letargo

c e n s u s , game

censo d e caza

down, b i r d

p lumoit

cervidae

cirvidos

duck

pato

claw/ t a l o n

garra

duck, w i l d

alavanco

cineggtica

display of

exployada

o u t s t r e t c h e d wing
distribution

distribuci6n

duckling

anadeja , anadino

gestation

gestacio'n

dwelling /cave

cavernicola

gray-haired

p e l i c a n o , na

dwelling, e a r t h

terrf cola

gregarious

gregario, a

eagle

iguila

ground, hunting

cazadero

ecology

ecologia

habitat

habitacidn, habitat

ectoparasite

ectoparasito

hair, fur

pelo

edible

comestible

h a i r , t o grow a

pelec har

egg

huevo

new c o a t /

elk

arlta

f e a thers

e l k , moose

alce

embryo

embrio'n

(female)

entrails

entraiias

herbivorous,

equilibrium

equilibrio

equine

equino

herd, f l o c k

manada

escapeif l i g h t

escape, vuelo

heterogeneity

heterogeneidad

eviscerate

e x t i n ci 6 n

hibernation

hibernacibn

exotic

ex6tico

hide, (to) i n an

encodillarse

extinct

extinct0

inaccessible

f a l c o n , newborn

niego

p o r t i o n of burrow

falconry/hawking

halconeria, cetreria

hiss, hissing

silbo

falcons, eagles,

falconidos

h o l e , burrow

h u r e r a , huronera

h o l e , fox/burrow den

raposera

h e a t , i n season

herbivore

b i r d s of p r e y

f a t , animal

herb i v o r o

e nj u n d i a

hole, fox

zorrera

fauna

fauna

homeothermal

homeotermo, ma

fawn

cervat o

h o o f , (cloven-hoofed

pesuiia, pezuiia

feather, t o pluck off

desemplumar

animal)
horn, budding of

feathery/downy

plumoso, s a

fecundity

fecundidad

female

hemb ra

h o r n of a n i m a l s

cuerno

feral

feral

h o r n e d ,,w i t h h o r n s

astado

fertilization

fertilizacio'n

h o r n s , s h e d d i n g of

desmogue

horns, t o shed

desmogar

hunt, a

caza

goat, deer

feta1

fetal

fetus

feto

f l a n k of a n a n i m a l

ij a d a

hunt /hunting

caceria

fledgling

gugcharo , r a l g u a c h a r r o , r a

hunt ( b i r d s )

pa j a r e a r

flock

rebaiio

hunt, t o

cazar

f l o c k of b i r d s

parvada

hunter

cazador, r a

f l o c k of t u r k e y s

pavada

hunter

montero

gallinaceous

gallFn6ceo

h u n t e r , head

c a z a d o r d e cabezas

game, b i g

c a z a mayor

hunter, lying i n wait

paradislero

game, s m a l l

c a z a menor

h u n t i n g , b i g game

mont eria

game, u p l a n d

c a z a menor d e p o r t i v a

hybrid

h i b r i d o , da

genotipo

immature

inmaturo, r a

genotype

impregnate, t o /
insemina t e

fecundizar
inseminar

i u breeding

endogamia

incubate, t o

incubar

natural

natural

nest

nido

nest, b r o o d of eggs

nidada

o r newly h a t c h e d

incubation

incubac i 6 n

innate

inria t o

nest, eagle

aguilera

innate, inherent

connatural

n e s t , of mice

ratonera

birds

to

interaction

interacci6n

IlrtSt,

interspersion

entremezcladura

nest, t o

nidif icar

inventory

inventario

n e s t i n g p l a c e /box

nidal

invertebrate

i n v e r t e b r a d o , da

neutralism

neutralism0

lactation

lactancia

neutralist

l a w , game

l e y da c a z a

non-poi sonous

l a y (eggs)

aovar

nourishment

anidar

alimentaci6n

leporid

lep6ride

nutrition

nutrici6n

license

licencia

omnivorous, omivore

omnivore, r a

l i t t e r , b r o o d of

camada

ornithology

ornitologia

oviparous

oviparo

palmate

palmeado

f ardacho

papilla

papila
parasito, ta

animals

l i t t e r of a n i m a l s

cachillada

lizard
lizard

l a g a r t i ja

parasite

l i z a r d , horned

l a g a r t i j a cornudo

parasitic

p a r a s i t i c o , ca

longevity

longevidad

parasitism

parasitismo

male

macho

p a r t r i d g e , ptarmigan

perdiz

mammalian, mammal

mamif e r o

p a r t r i d g e , young

perdigana, perdig6n

mamma ry

mamario, r i a

path, t r a i l

vereda

management, game

r e g l a m e n t a c i & i de c a z a

paw, f o o t

pata

marsupial

mar sup i a l

paw, of l a r g e f e l i n e s

zarpa

m e a t , t o debone

desencarnar

peliage, hair

p e l aj e

meat, game

s a l v a j i n a , no

p e l l e t s , deer,

cagarrut a

metabolic

metabo'lico

migration

migracio'n

migratory (birds)

peregrino, na

periodic

peri6d i c o , ca

mimicry

mime r ismo

pesticide

pesticida

mob i l i r y

movilidad

phenotype

f enotipo

monogamy

monogamia

phenotypic

f e n o t i p i c o , ca

mortality

mortalidad

P ~ logeny
Y

filogenia

mottled

jabado, da

p i g l e t , suckling pig

gorrin

mu t u a l i s m

mu t u a l i s m o

place, breeding

criadero

mutualist

mutualista

place, hiding

escondedero

natal

natal

place, nesting/box

nidal

natality

natalidad

place, rutting o r

bramadero

native

n a t i v o , va

r a b b i t s , o r sheep
fecal

mating

p l a c e , wallowing

rev0 l c a d e r o

r u t , heat o f

p luma j e

r u t , r u t t i n g season

ronca

poacher

cazador f u r t i v o

rutting i n

verriondo , d a

p o i s o n , venom

ponzoiia

of a n i m a l s
plumage

verriondez

s w i n e and s h e e p

s w i n e and s h e e p

population

pob l a c i o ' n

p o s t , lookout

descubridero

sac, yolk

sac0 v i t e l i n o

pouch, cheek

abazo'n

s c a t s , b i r d of p r e y /

tullidura

s a c 0 aGreo

sac, airice11

predator

alimana, predator

pregnant

prenada

season, closed

temporada c e r r a d a

prehensile

prensil

s e a s o n , m a t i n g of

b rama

p r e s e r v e , game

cot0 de caza

pullet

polla

s e a s o n , open

temporada a b i e r t a

quadruped

cuadrupedo

s e c r e tion

secreci6n

sheep, female

ovej a

rabid

riib i c o

radius

radio

raptors

rapaces

ratio, k i l l

capacidad de caza

rattlesnake

vibora de cascabel,
cr6talo

reconnaissance,

e s t i m a c i b n de p a s t i z a l e s

range

droppings

animal, ( r u t)

shelter, refuge

recepto

s h o o t ( t o ) , b i r d s on

volateo

t h e wing/ l i g h t
short-haired

p e l i c o r t o , ta

skin, hide

cuero

skin, hide

pellejo

snake, l a r g e

culebr6n

recreation

recreaci6n

snake, s m a l l

culebra
alzapi;

recruitment

reclutamiento

snare

refuge

refugio

snare, bird

esplique

r e f u g e , game

r e f u g i o de c a z a

snare, b i r d ,

orzuelo

remote

remoto, t a

repopulate, t o

repob l a r

solitary

sol i t a r i o

reptile

reptil

songbird

ave cantora

resources, n a t u r a l

recursos naturales

specialist

especialista

respiration

respiracio'n

specialist, predator

alimalnero

restoration

restauracidn

c o n t r o l (warden)

r e t i c u l u m of a

redecilla

species

especie

species, indicator

especie indicator

rhythm

ritmo

s p e c i e s of l a r g e d e e r

e s p e c i e slangs

rodent

espiicimen

ruminant

o r animal t r a p

roedor

specimen

rostrum

rostro

split-hoofed,

routine

rutina

like

caprfpedo, da

goats

rumen

rumen

stalk, to

amaitinar

rumen ( r u m i n a n t s )

rumen

stomach

panza

ruminant

rumiante

swampy, bog

pantano

rumination

rumia , r u m i a d u r a

swampy, boggy

paludoso, s a / p a l u s t r e

symbiosis

simbiosis

symbiotic

simbi6tico

tail

rabo

t a i l , animal

cola

abundance

t a i l , having a

caudimano

acre-foot

pie-acre

Range
abundancia

adaptation

adaptaci6n

telernetria

agriculture

agricultura

terrestrial

terrest r e

agronomy

ag ronomia

territorial

territorial

alpine

alpestre, alpino, n a

prehensile
telemetry

t o e , of cloven-footed

carnicol

animal

amplitude

amplitud

analysis

anzlisis

t o o t h , canine

co l m i l l o

analysis, qualitative

anslisis cualitativo

tooth/tusk/fang

diente

analysis,

a n i l i s i s cuantitativo

t r a c k , animal

hu e l l a

t r a c k , t r a i l of a n

pista

animal

quantitative
analytic, analytical

a n a l i t i c o , ca

arctic

a ' r t i c o , ca

t r a p , snare

t rampa

area, basal

drea basal

trap, t o

a tr a p a r

a r e a , b u r n t woodland

chamicera

trapper

cazador d e a l f o r j a

a r e a , t h a t remains

f resquedal

trapper

trampero, r a

green during dry

tree, to

encogollarse

season

trend

tendencia

arid

triangulation

triangulaci6n

aspect

aspect0

turkey

pava , pavo , gua j o l o t e

ass, donkey

burro

ungulate

ungulado

a s s , female

burra

v a l u e , food

alimenticio

a s s e s , h e r d of donkey

burrada

vamp i r e

vampiro

associes

asocies

venison

c a m e de venado

atmosphere

atmosf e r a

venom

veneno

autecology

autecologfa

vertebrate

vertebrado

a u togamy

autogamia

viper

vfbora

barley

cebada

viviparous

viviparo

barn, c a t t l e

t enada

wallow, t o

encenagarse

barren

esteiil

warm-blooded

hematermo

belt

warden, game

guardabosque

bioclimatology

bio~limatolo~fa

f a j a , zona

wasp

avispa

biogenic

bi6geno,

watcher, b i r d

obsenrador d e pdjaros

biogeography

b i o g e o g r a f La

na

waterfowl

ave acu6tica

biomass

biomasa

webfooted

palmipedo

b iome

bi o a e

white-tailed

r a b i c i n , no

biota

biota

wild animals

a n i m a l e s s a l v aj e s

biotic potential

potencial bi6tico

w i l d , untamed

s a l v aj e

biotype

biotipo

zone, c l i m a t i c

zona c l i m i t i c a

b i r t h , t o give

parir

class, age

c l a s e de edad

bovine

bovino, vacuno

c l a s s , canopy

c l a s e de c o b e r t u r a de

breed

crianza

brooklet

arroyuelo

browse, f o r a g e c u t

ram611

fo l l a j e
class, condition

agostadero
c l a s s , diameter

f o r fodder

c l a s e de condici6n d e l
c l a s e diarnktrica

browse, t o

ramonear

c l a s s , life-form

c l a s e vitamorfol6gica

brush control

c o n t r o l de a r b u s t o s

c l a s s , height

c l a s e de a l t u r a

buck, young

novillo

classification

clasificaci6n

bud, s p r o u t , s h o o t

brote

classification,

c l a s i f i c a c i i n de

bud, t o s p r o u t

brotar

budding, s p r o u t i n g

brotadura

clearing

raso

bull

tor0

climate

clima

bunchgrass

z a c a t e amacollado'

climatic

clirniit ico

canopy (herbaceous)

kobertura de f o l l a je

climax

c l5max

capacity, grazing

c a p a c i d a d de p a s t o r e o

c l o s e d canopy

cobertura cerrada

coacti o n

coacciijn

cohort

cohorte

pastoreo
carbohidrato

carbohydrate
cattle

ganado

c a t t l e , community

rnanada

h e r d of
novillada

c a t t l e , drove of

range

pastizales

recolecci6n
community

comunidad

community, climax

comunidad climax

community, p l a n t

a s o c i a c i 6 n de p l a n t a s

association

Young
cattle, in rut

toriondo

cattle,

paridera

place of
cattle, parturition

competition

competici6n

consociation

consoci6n

consocies

consocies

constancy

constancia

consumer

consumido r , r a

c a t t l e , pasture f o r

vequeril, potrero

continuum

continuo

c a t t l e ranching o r

ganaderia

c o r r a l , pen, sty

encerradero, c o r r a l

c o r r a l , t o pen

arredillar

toriondez

countryside

camp iiia

t e r r a c i l l a s de

cover, range p l a n t

cobertura del p a s t i z a l

cover, vegetation

cobertura vegetal

t i m e of

breeding
c a t t l e , r u t of
c a t t l e terraces

'

sobrepastoreo

c a t t l e , to corral

encorralar

cover, vegetative

cobertura vegetante

c a t t l e , t o gather

acubilar

COW

vaca

c a t t l e , t o gather

embrosquilar

cowhand

vaquero, r a

into a fold
c a t t l e , t o put

COW,

empotrerar

out t o graze

herd

vacada , manada

crop, forage

cosecha d e f o r a j e

defecate, t o

defecar

check dam

d i q u e de c o n s o l i d a c i 6 n

defoliate, to

defoliar

chemical, c h e m i s t

quimico

defoliation

defoliaci6n

chemistry

quimica

dense

denso, s a

d e n s e , woodland

arcabuco

or brush t h i c k e t
densitome t e r

densit6metro

density

densidad

farmer

granjero, r a

farming

granje r i a

felling or clearing

desmonte

of t r e e s

density, stand

d e n s i d a d d e masa

f e r t i l e lowland

ve g a

d e s e r t , wasteland

desierto

fidelity

fidelidad

diott c i o u s

dioicas

field (the field)

campo

dispersal

dispersi6n

fire

incendio , fuego

dominant

dominant e

fire effects

e f e c t o s d e l fuego

donkey

burro, burra

fire, forest

i n c e n d i o d e bosques

driveway, s t o c k

p a s o de ganado

f i r e , range

incendio d e l pastizal

drought, d r y season

seca, sequIa

fistula

fistula

dry matter

materia seca

floodplain

l e c h o de i n u n d a c i 6 n

dung, c a t t l e

bofiigo

foliage

follaje

d u n g , h o r s e , cow

bosta

follow

barbecho

ecologic,

ecoliigico

forage

f o r r a je

forage, to

forrajear

ecological
ecologist

ec6log0, ga

forage value

v a l o r f o r r a je r o

ecology

ecologia

f o r b , weed

hierba

ecotone

ecotono

f o r e s t , wood, g r o v e

foresta

e c ot y p s

ecotipo

forestation

forestaci6n

edsf ico

forester, forest

f orestero

edaphic

enclosure

cercado, cercamiento,

endemic

endgmico

environment

amb i e n t e

keeper

i r e a de exclusi6n

forestry, related

forestal

to forests
frequency

f recuencia

environmenta 1

ambiental

gage, r a i n

pluvi6metro

ephemeral, stream,

arroyo

garden, b o t a n i c a l

j a r d i n botiinico

gauging, water

hidrometrf a

water course
equilibrium

equilibrio

erosion

erosi6n

goat, female

cabra

e r o s i o n streambank

desprend imiento de r i b e r a

g o a t , male'.

b o d e , macho c a b r i o

eutrophic

eutro'f i c o

ewe
ewe, s m a l l o r
exposure

exposici6n

faciation

f aciacio'n

graze, t o

pastorear, apacentar

facies

facies

graze, t o put out

pacer

factor, proper use

c o e f i c i e n t e de

grazing, conservative

pastoreo limitado

farm, grange

g r a nj a

grazing, deferred

pastoreo diferido

f a r m , owner

finquero

grazing, premature

D a s -t o r e o Drematuro

current

g o a t , young

cabrito, ta

eve j a , b o r r e g a

goats

ganado c a p r i n o

o v ej u e l a

gradient

gradiente

grass-eating

graminfvoro

grasshopper

chapulin

Young

aprovechamiento

t o graze

grazing r i g h t

derecho de pastoreo

hydrophytic

hidr6f i t o

grazing, r o t a t i o n

p a s t o r e o en r o t a c i 6 n

hydrosere

hidrosere

grazing, s e l e c t i v e

p a s t o r e o selective

ignite, set f i r e

encender

greenhouse

invernadero

inclination, slope

i n c l i n a c i S n de l a

ground c o v e r

covertura d e l subsuelo

g roundwa t e r

capa f r e 6 t i c a

increaser

acrecentado

grow, t o grow r o o t s

enraizar

index

indice

grow, t o grow s h o o t s ,

entallecer

sprouts
grow, t o grow among

entrecriarse

other plants

inventory

inventario

investigation,

i n v e s tigaci6n

irrigation

regadura, i r r i g a c i 6 n

irrigation ditch

regadero

growing s e a s o n

periodo vegetativo

i r r i g a t i o n , cane1

regona

gulley, gulch,

canada, barranca

i sland

isla

isothermal

isotermo, isotgrmico

ravine
gullies, to fo m

arroyar

k n o l l , mound ( s m a l l )

monticulo

h a b i t , grazing

forma d e p a s t a r

land, dry barren

secadal

habitat

habitat

land, fallow

a60j a 1

h a l f -shrub

semiarbusto

land, f l a t t r a c t o f ,

sillada

halophyte

h a l 6 f 1t a

halophytic
hay

hay, f o d d e r , g r s s s

on mountain s l o p e

hal6f i l o

land, p a s t u r e

zacatal

heno

land, small t r a c t of

hazuella

f orraje

feed

pendiente

hedged

recornidas

heifer

vaquilla

l a n d , tract of

terreno, na

land, t r a c t of a r a b l e

haza

land, wasteland,

yermo

barren

hemisphere

hemisferio

landholder

terrateniente

herbaceous

herbaceo

leaves, dry, f a l l e ,

borusca

herbage

herbaj e

brushwood

herbarium, b o t a n i s t

herbario

lick, ,salt

s a l e g a , lamedero

herbicide

herb i c i d a

l i f e-f o m

f orma b i o l h g i c a

herbivore, herbivorus

herbfvoro

lignin

lignina

hierarchy

j erarquia

litter, (leaves,

b r o z a , ho j a r a s c a

hill

loma

et c )

h i l l , knoll, butte

otero

management, f o r e s t

o r d e n a c i b n de montes

hillside

ladera

management, l i v e s t o c k

ordenaci6n de l a ganaderia

homogenous
.

homog6ne0, a

managemenc, r a n g e

o r d e n a t i b n de p a s t o s

horizon

horizonte

managemenr, w a t e r s h e d

manejo de c u e n c a s

horse

caballo

management, w i l d l i f e

manejo d e f a u n a s i l v e s t r e

manure

horse herd

caballada

horses

ganado c a b a l l a r

marsh

humid1 t y

humedad

m a r s h l a n d , marsh

.. -

estiercol
cienaga
fachinal

humus

humus

m a r s h l a n d , swamp

almarjal

hydrology

hidrologia

meadow

p r a d a l , prado

meadow, s m a l l

p r a d ej6n

physiognomy

mensuration

mensuraci6n, medici6n

phyrogeography

f isonomfa
'

f itogeografia

mesophyte

mesljf i t o

phy t o s o c i o l o g y

f itosociologia

method

m6todo

p l a n t , indicator

p l a n t a indicadora

methodology

metodologia

plant, to

plantar

microclimate

microclima

plant uprooting

r a n c a j ada , d e s e n r a i z a r

monoecious

mono i c o

plasticity

plasticidad

mosaic

mosaic0

p l o t , experimental

p a r c e l a experimental

mountain

mon t aiia

p l o t , study

p a r c e l a d e ensayo

mountain p a s s o r

collado

plot, transect

p a r c e l a d e muestra

plow, t o

barbechar

barbechada

small h i l l

moun t a i n o u s

montazoso, s a

plowing of

mouth of r i v e r

desembocadura

pollination

polinizaci6n

muddy, boggy

lodoso

pollution

polucio'n
poliandro, ra

mulch, compost

latame

polyandrous

n a t i v e , indigenous

nativo

polygamous

p o l i g a m o , ma

natural

natural

polymerous

p o l L n e r o , ra

nature

naturaleza

pond, e p h e r m e a l

bod&,

niche

nicho

pond, s m a l l s h a l l o w

badina

n o x i o u s , hannf u l

a l b u h e r a , amanal

estanque

nocible , nociva

pond, s t o c k t a n k

nutrient

nutriente

p o o l , pond, r e s e r v o i r

es t a n q u e

nutrition

nutricicin

population

poblacio'n

o a k g r o v e o r wood

c a r v aj a 1

prairie, plain

l l a n o , pradera

oligotrophic

oligotr6fico

presence

presencia

orchard

arboleda

primary s u c c e s s i o n

sucesi6n primaria

organic matter

materia orginica

producer

productor

overgrazing

sobre pastoreo

prof i f e

p e r f il

overgrazing

pastoreo excesivo

prune, t o , t r i m a

podar

paddock, g r a s s l a n d

herbazal

park

parque

pasture,

(area) f o r

potrero, pastizal

cattle
pasture, fodder

pastura

pasture, grazing

apacentadero, potrero

area
p a s t u r e , used i n

pasti z a l
veranadero

summer
pastureland

tree
p u l l , up by the r o o t s
roots

desarraigar, desenraizar

quadrat

cuadrato

radiation

radiacio'n

ranch

rancho

rancher

ranchero

range, o r grazing

l o t e de p a s t o s

a110 tmen t
pastadero

range a p p r a i s a l

valoraci6n d e l p a s t i z a l

p e d , c l o d of e a r t h

terrin

range condition

condicibn d e l p a s t i z a l

period, grazing

p e r i o d 0 de p a s t o r e o

r a n g e improvement

mej o r a m i e n t o

periodic

periiidico, ca

r a n g e , s h o r t mountain

serrijbn, serrania

p henology

f enologia

r a n g e of s m a l l h i l l s

colladia

photosynthesis

fotosintesis

r a n g e , open

pastadero l i b r e

sierra

s h a r p peak o r summit

picacho

sheep, f l o c k of

c a r n e r a d a , reba5o

range, yearlong

p a s t a d e r o permanente

s h e e p , f l o c k of

borregada

reconnaissance

reconocimiento

reforestation

reforestacion

s h e e p , ram

carnero

relationship

relaci6n

shepard

borreguero, pastor

relic

reliquia

shrub

arbusto

r a n g e , rugged
mountain

yearling

reservation

reservaci6n

s h r u b - l i ke

a r b u s t i v o , va

reserve

reserva

sigmoid

sigmoideo, a

reticulum (ruminant)

redecilla

singe, t o sear,

chamuscar

scorch

revegetation

revegetacidn

riparian

riberano, n a , r i b e r e n o , na

site

sitio

riparian,

amnicola

slope, gradient

c u e s t a , pendiente

sociability

sociabilidad

( t e r r e s tr i a )
I

rock, stone

piedra

sod

cdsped

Rocky ~ b u n t a i n s

Montafias Rocosas

sod, g r a s s

h i e r b a de &sped

Rocky Mountains

Montacas R o c a l l o s a s

s o i l , dry barren

secaral
suelo, t i e r r a
t a sta5a

rocky, s t o n y

rocalloso, s a

soil, earth

rocky, stony

r o c o s o , sa

s o i l , hard c r u s t

rocky t e r r a i n

peiiascal

s o i l , survey

a p e 0 de s u e l o s

row of t r e e s , p l a n t s

linio, hilera

species

especie

rugged, rough t e r r a i n

fragoso, escabroso

specimen

esp6cimen

ruggedness,

montuosidad

s p r i n g (water)

fuente, manantial

stagnant

estancado

rumen

s t a n d of t r e e s

masa

ruminate, t o

rumi a r

s t e e p rugged r o c k ,

pefiasco

rumination

rumia , rumiadura

saline

salino, na

steep slope, ravine

ga-

s a l i n e ground

salobre

s t e e p e s t p a r t of

varga

salinity

salinidad

s a l t , t o feed t o

salgar

wilderness
rumen

crag

b i l l or s l o p e
stratum

estrato

streambank

ribera del torrente

streambed

fondo d e l l e c h o , d v e o

sediment o

streammouth

desembocadura

sedimentary

sedimentario, r i a

subalpine

subalpine, a

sedimentation

sedimentacio'n

subspecies

subespecie

substratum

substrato

subterranean

subterrineo, a

livestock
season, period

t emporada

sediment

seedbed, p l a n t

p l a n t a r i o , c a m d e siembra

nursery
seed d r i l l

sembradora de h i l e r a s

sub t r o p i c a l

subtropical

self-fertilization

auto fertilizacio'n

succession

sucesio'n

self-pollination

auto ~ o l i n i z a c i d n

summer

verano

semi-ar i d

s e m i g r i d 0 , da

summer s e a s o n

veranada

sharecropping

aparceria

s u m it

cumbre

vegetaci6n

survey

reconocimiento

systems

sistema

systemmatic

s i s t e m 6 t i c 0 , ca

vigor

vigor

technique

tgcnica

vitality

vitalidad

technology

tecnologfa

6olunceer p l a n t s

plantas espontineas

vegetation

v e g e t a t i v o , va

~errestrial

terrestre

watershed

cuenca

t heo r y

teoria

wave on w a t e r

onda, o l a

thicker:

bosca j e

weeds ( n o x i o u s )

malezas
yerba s

tillage

labranza

weeds, f o r b s

tolerance

t o l erancia

wetting agent

a g e n t e humectante

t r a c t , woodland w i t h

oquedal

w i n t e r b looming

hiemaci6n

wintering place

invernadero

f a l l and l o f t y
trample, t o

patullar, pisotear

wire, barbed

alarnbre d e puas

transect

transecto

wooded, d e n s e l y

arcabucoso

transpiraci6n

wooded, d e n s e l y

boscoso

t r e e f o r k o r branch

orqueta

wood l a n d

arboleda

t r e e , half -burnt,

charnizo

woodland

monte , bosque

o r log

woods, f o r e s t

bosque

t r e e stump

t ocijn

woods, f o r e s t

selva

t r e e s , b a r e of

subaf l u e n t e

woods, of t h e

s e l v i t i c o , ca

undergrowth

xerophyte

xerofita

tributary

xerophytf c

xerof i t i c o

transpiration

trophic

tr6fico

yearling, b u l l calf

becerro

tundra

tundra

y e a r l i n g , calf o r

aiiojo, j a

lamb

twig

verdasca, ramita

undergrowth,

b r o z o s o , sa

y e a r l i n g , female

understory

estrato inferior

y e a r l i n g , lamb

borrego, g a

ungulate

ungulado

zonation

zonificaci6n

up t a k e

asimilar

zone

z ona

use, u t i l i z a t i o n .

aprovechamiento

zone, b u f f e r

zona amortiguada

becerra

calf

brushy with

ESPANOL-INGLES

Animales

ahuizote

otter

fallow deer

dama

a l c e , venado a l a z a n

elk

elefante, ta

elephant

almizclera

muskrat

gacel

male g a z e l l e

alpaca

alpaca

gacela

gazelle

anteburro

Mexican t a p i r

g ama

female f a l l o w deer

a n tilope

antelope

g amo

male f a l l o w deer

ardilla

squirrel

g a t 0 mont6s

bobcat, wild cat

a r d i l l a de l a t i e r r a

ground s q u i r r e l

guigui

f l y i n g s q u i r r e l (Pteromys

ardilla gris

gray s q u i r r e l

~etaurista)

ardilla listada

chipmunk

guillin

o t t e r (Lutra hnidobria)

a r d i l l a voladora

f l y i n g s q u i r r e l (Pteromys

hiena

hyena

hirco

wild goat

~etaurista

ba'quira

pec c a r y

i bi c e

ibex

bermej i z o , z a

f r u i t bat

jabali

wild boar

berrendo

a n t elope

j a b a l i verrugoso

warthog

b icerril

mountain g o a t

j abalina

female boar, collared

bisonte

bison

peccary

b o r r e g o cimarrch

s h e e p , mountain

j aguar

j aguar

biifalo, l a

buffalo

j ira f a

giraffe

cabro

wild goat

koala

koala

camello

camel

lagomorf o

lagomorph

campanol

f i e l d mouse

le6n

lion

canguro

kangaroo

l e 6 n de montasa

mountain l i o n

castor

beaver

leona

lioness

cebra

zebra

leoncico, leoncillo,

l i o n cub

chacharita

c o l l a r e d peccary

chibiguazu

ocelot

'

l e o n c it o
leopard0

leopard

c himpance'

chimpanzee

lepciride

leporid

churcha

opossum

liebre

hare, j ackrabbit

cfbolo, a

bison

lince

lynx

coati

coati

llama

1lama

cochina

sow

lobezno

wolf cub

comadre j a

weasel

lob0

wolf

conej o

rabbit

lutria

otter

coyote

coyote

mapache

raccoon

mapurite

skunk

tigre

tiger

marmo t a

marmot

tigrillo

wild cat

mur c i i l a g o

f r u i t bat

t lacuache

opossum

mustela

weasel

top0

mole

fiu

gnu

unau

sloth

nutr i a

otter

venado

deer

ocelote

ocelot

venado c o l a b l a n c a

W h i t e t a i l deer

o r ix

oryx

venado c o l a n e g r a

b l a c k t a i l deer

osezno

b e a r cub

vicuiia

vicuna

bear

z arigtieya

opossum

o s o colmenero

l i t t l e anteater

zorra, ro

fox

oso gris

OSO,

grizzly bear

zorrillo

skunk

o s o hormiguero

great anteater

zorro a r t i c o

a r c t i c fox

oso marsupial

koala

z o r r o de l a s p r a d e r a s

k i t fox, p r a i r i e fox

o s o negro

black bear

zorro rojo

red f o x

o s o pardo

brown b e a r

zorro volante

f l y i n g fox

oso polar

polar bear

psjaro carpintero

woodpecker

paleto

fallow deer

pantera

panther

acuoso

aqueous

pgcari

peccary

aguas a r r i b a

upstream

sloth

aleta dorsal

dorsal f i n

perezoso

Pesqueria

petigris

common g r a y s q u i r r e l

alga verde

picamadero

woodpecker

almatroque

shad n e t

shad

green algae

piscivorous , f ish-eating

alosa

puerco

p i g , swine

anzuelo

f i s h hook

puerco espin

porcupine

iistaco

crayfish

rabopelado

opossum

barbilla

barbel

ranero

f r o g pond

bentos

benthos

rangifero, rengifero,

reindeer

branquia

branch i a

'piscivoro, ra

r en0

butrino

f i s h trap
crayfish

raposa, so,

fox

cgmb a r o

rata

female r a t

cangrejo

crab

r a t a amizclada

muskrat

carpa

carp

r a t a canguro

kangaroo r a t

caudal

caudal f i n o r t a i l

rat& de campo

f i e l d mouse

cedazo

large fishing net

r a t d n , na

male mouse

cercote

seine, fishing net

roedor

rodent

cetaria

f i s h hatchery

satirio

water r a t

charal

a lake fish

taltuza

gopher

cola

caudal f i n o r t a i l

tapir

tapir

C N S ~ ~ C ~ Oa ,

c r u st a c e o u s

tasugo, tej6n

badger

desembocadura

inlet

tigresa

tigress

desovar

t o spawn

desove

spawning s e a s o n , spawning

dorsal

dorsal

regajal, regajo

stream, brooklet

estanca

t o dam up w i t h b e a v e r s

remanso

backwater

estuario

estuary, i n l e t

represa

t o dam up a s w i t h

f itoplancton

phytoplankton

fondo d e l l e c h o

streambed

redaya

river fishing net

beavers
riacho, riachuelo

r i v u l e t , stream, r i l l

f reza

spawning of f i s h e s

ribera

bank, shore

garlito

f i s h trap, snare

ri o

river

hueva

roe, f i s h eggs

r i o abajo

downstream

i c tiologia

ichthyology

r i o arriba

upstream

j aramugo

small b a i t f i s h

rivera

brook, creek

lago

lake

sabalar

s h a d net

laguna

l a g o o n , s m a l l lake

s i b a10

shad

l f m i t e de tamano

size limit

salabardo

d i p n e t , scoop n e t

lobina

bass

salamandra

salamander

nansa

fish dip net

salm6n

salmon

ninf a

nymph

salobre

brackish, briny

opercular

opercular

sap0

toad

ope'rculo

op e r culum

sedal

fishing l i n e

pap i l a

papilla

subacusti c o , ca

underwater, subaquatic

pesca

fishing , angling

subPlveo, a

l a y e r u n d e r a river bed

fish

t&rmico,' ca

thermic, thermal

pescador

fisherman

tirona

fishing net, seine

p e s c a d o s de c a z a

game f i s h

tramo f l u v i a l

r e a c h (of s t r e a m )

pescado

pescar

to fish

t rucha

trout

pesqueria

f i s h i n g ground, f i s h e r y

ventral

ventral

pesqueria, pesca

fishing trade

ventrecha

f i s h belly

Pez

fish

piscicultura

f i s h culture

piscif actoria

f i s h hatchery

piscfvoro, ra

piscivorous, f ish-eating

abedul

birch

plancton

p l a n k t on

a b e t o (Abies)

fir

abeto blanco

white f i r e

a b e t o d e Douglas

Douglas f i r

Botanica

rabi 6 n

river rapids

rana

frog

ranacuaj o

tadpole

ab r o j o

thorn, caltrop, t h i s t l e
agrostology

rana leopard0

leopard frog

agrostologia

ranero

f r o g pond

agu i l e i i a

columb i n e

ripidos

river rapids

a l a d i e r n o (Rhamnus)

buckthorn

raudal

t o r r e n t r a p i d stream

Alamo

poplar

rebalsar

t o dam up a s w i t h b e a v e r s

&lam0 tembl6n

aspen t r e e

recial

river r a p i d s

aleznado, da

pointed

red

net, netting

alga verde

green algae

redar

t o c a t c h i n a net

alhumaj o

pine needles

f o r leaves t o turn

alimonarse

yellowish

b o t h i c o , ca

botanical

brictea

bract

alder

bracteado, d a

bracteate

almorejo

foxtail

bracteola

bractlet

altamandria

kno tweed (Polygonum

bri6fira

bryophyte

a l i s o (Alnus)

aviculare)
yarrow (Achilles

altarreina

m i l l efolium)
-

bulbo

bulb

bulboso, sa

bulbous

cab 1110

s t a l k , stem

amacollar

c l u s t e r of s h o o t s

cacto, cactus

cactus

amarillar

f o r l e a v e s t o t u r n yellow

cadanego, ga

b e a r i n g abundant f r u i t
every year

ame l o

amento

amen t

androceo

androecium

calicillo

v e r t i c i l o r whorl of

calyx

leaves

anea

c a t t a i l , bulrush

ciliz

atera

anther

camara s u b e s t o m a t i c a

s u b s t o m a t a l chamber

antesis

anthesis

cimbium

cambium

aquenio

achene

cambut e

legume

a'rbol

tree

cana

cane, reed

arborescente

arborescent

caquexia o r c l o r o s i s

chlorosis

arboreto

arboretum

carpe l o

carpel

arbusto

shrub

c a r v aj o

oak t r e e

arce

maple

caulescente

caulescent

a r i s t oso , sa,

awned

c a u l l f ero, r a

b o r n e upon t h e stem

ceborrincha

wild o n i o n

aristado
a r r a c i k d o , da

clustered

cedro

cedar

a r r e j onado, d a

lanceolate

c6lula

cell

avena s i l v e s t r e

wild oat

ciilula cavidad

c e l l lumen
p a l i s a d e c e l l , guard cell
c e l l plate

axila

axil

cGlu,la o c l u s i v a

ballueca

wild oat

celular placa

baya

berry

cerezo

cherry t r e e

belcho

j o i n t f i r , ephedra

champ iiion

mushroom

acorn

cimoso, s a

cymose

cipris

cypress

bellota
bianual

biennial

biferous

c l o r o f ila

chlorophyll

bif i d

cofia

r o o t cap

biont

cole6ptilo

coleoptile

biota

biota

comp r i m i d o

appressed

bfparo, r a

biparous

c o n i f e r o , ra

coniferous, conifer

b ipe'talo

bipetalous

corteza

cortex

b i p i n a d o , da

bi pinnat e

dehiscente

dehiscent

bohordo

c a t t a i l reed

dendrocronol o g i a

dendrochronology

a n ther

dendroideo , a

arborescent

botany

d e p 6 s i t o de g r a v a

gravel bar

bionte

borlilla

dermico

dermal

f resno

a s h (Fraxinus)

dicotileddn

dicotyledon

f ronda

frond, leaf

d i o ic o

dioecious

frondoso, s a

leafy

dipGralo, l a

dipet a l o u s

fruta

fruit

fungal, fungoso

fungal

diskpalo, l a

disepalous

drupa

drupe, stone f r u i t

fungo

fungus

efedra

ephedra ( j o i n t f i r )

g e n i c u l a d o , da

geniculate

empotrado

embedded

ge m i n a c i 6 n

germination

encino

oak t r e e

gimnospermo, m a

gymnosperm

endodermis

endodermis

girasol

sunflower

eneb r i n a

juniper berry

glSbulo

globule

enebro

j uniper

gramineo, n e a

gramineous

enrrenudo

internode

granifero, r a

graniferous

epiphyte

grasilla

juniper resin

epifito

epigino

epigynous

g romo

bud, shoot

espiga

spike

guia terminal

terminal shoot
fern

e s p i g a d o , da

spicate

helecho

espiguilla

spikelet

hemb r a

female

espina

t h o r n , s p i n e on p l a n t s

herbario, r i a

herbarium

espora

spore

heterGfilo,

estamfnado, d a

staminate

h i d r 6 f 110, l a

hydrophilous

estipula

stipule

hidr6f i t o , t a

h y d r o p h y t i-c

hipoginia

~ Y P O ~ Y ~ Y

la

heterophy l l o u s

estologia

ethology

~ctolonifera

creeper

ho j u e l a

leaf l e t

expulsado

extruded

hongo

mushroom, t o a d s t o o l ,

L snero'f i ta

phanerophyte
fasclation

i m b r i c a d o , da

imbricate

~enolo~ia

p heno l o g y

indehiscencia

indehiscence

F-' I r o s o

fibrous

infero, -ra

i n e r i o r , lower

'

sciaci6n

ficologia

fungus

P ~ cYo l o g y

inflorescence

inflorescencia
-

f isonomfa

physiognomy

f itologia

botany

invo l u t a

involute

f it6n

phyton

junciiceo

j uncac20us

fitoplancton

phytoplankton

j unipero

j uniper

fleo

timothy

lanceado, da

lanceolate

involucre

involucre

flor

flower

latifolio, a

l a t i foliate

flora

flora

legumbre

legume

f lorecer

bloom, t o blossom

1ema

lemma

florescencia

florescence

l i g ul a

ligule

f l6sculo

floret

liquen

lichen

f oliado

foliose

lob u l a d o

lobed

foliculo

follicle

macolla

b u n c h / c l u s t e r of r o o t s o r

f ormaci6n

flowers

perennifolia

evergreen

membrane

periantio

perianth

membrana p r i m a r i a

primary w a l l

p6talo

leaf, petal

mesocarp l o

mesocarp

p ii;a

pine cone, p i n e nut

mesofilo

mesophyll

pinabe t e

f i r (Abies)
pinnate

maple

maple

memb rana

meso'fito

mesophyte

p i n a d o , da

micelio

mycelium

p i n a t f f i d o , da

pinnatif i d

micologia

mycology

pincho

t h o r n , s p i n e on p l a n t s

micr6Fito

microphyte

pineda, p i n a r

p i n e grove or f o r e s t

monoco t i l e d o n

monocotyledon

pi n o

pine, pine t r e e

monoico

monoecious

p inocha

pine needle

mubrdago

mistletoe

multicaule

having many s h o o t s

m u l t f f i d o , da

multifid

pistilo

pistil
plant

pinon

pinon n u t

p i s t i l a d o , da

pistillate

multif l o r

multiflora

planta

musco, musgo

moss

plantas, plantaj e

plants (collectively)

nanaca t e

mushroom

plantas s i l v e s t r e s .

wild plants

navaji t a s

grama g r a s s

plasmodesmos

p lasmodesmata

n e b r a l , nebreda

j u n i p e r grove

pleguet e

vine tendril

nebr i n a

juniper berry

plum

feather

neb r o

juniper t r e e o r shrub

polen

pollen

negrillera

e l m g r o v e , p o p l a r grove

pterid6f i t o

pteridophyte

nervio

nerve, vein

pubescente

pubescent, hairy

noceda , n o g u e r a l

walnut grove

puntiagudo

pointed

noc e d a l

walnut t r e e , walnut t r e e ,

rabo

flower s t a l k

racimo

raceme

no'dulo

nodule

radiado, da

radiate

nogal

pecan t r e e , pecan n u t

radicula

radicle

p r i c k l y p e a r growth o r

raigamb r e

matted r o o t s

raiz

root

walnut

nopal

thicket
nuez

nut, of any t r e e

rafz pivotante

taproot
s p r i g , twig

obovado, da

obovate

ramilla

o lmeda

elm g r o v e

ramillet e

c l u s t e r , umbel

olmo (Ulmus)

elm

raquls

rachis

panicula

panicle

r e c o r t a d o , da

notched, indented

p a n i c u l a d o , da

paniculate

reliquia

relic

parr6n

wild grapevine

resina

j uniper resin

peciolo

petiole

r e ticulado , da

p e d i c e l a d o , da

pedicellate

retoiio

shoot, sprout, sucker

pedicelo

pedicel

rizoma

rhizome

ped i c u l o

pedic l e

r o b i n i a (Robinia)

locust

pedu'nculo

peduncle

rob l e

oak

pencudo, da

having f l e s h y l e a v e s

rob l e d a

oak grove o r f o r e s t

reticulate

rusticano, na

umbel

wild p l a n t s

umbela

sabuco

elder

unicau l e

h a v i n g o n l y one s t a l k

sicere

maple t r e e

uniparo, r a

uniparous

sacina

willow (Salix incana)

vaina

pod

s a l c e d a , do

willow grove

viistago, viistiga

shoot, scion

salguera, ro

willow

vegetacidn

vegetation

saliciceo

salicaceous

velloso, sa

billous

sauce

willow

vena

vein

sauco

elder tree, elderberry

vernacich

venation

sauce l l o r 6 n

weeping w i l l o w

verticilo

verticil

sauceda

willow grove

vesicula

vesicule

savia

p l a n t sap

viiia

vine

saxicolo

s a x i c o l o u s , growing among

xerofilo, l a

xerophilous

xer6f i t o , t a

xerophytic, xerophyte

semifl 6 s c u l o

semif l o r e t

xilema

xylem

seed

y ema

bud

sipalo

sepal

yema a d v e n t i c i a

a d v e n t i t i o u s bud

septo

septum

y ema t e r m i n a l

t e r m i n a l bud

sLsil

sessile

zarcillo

tendril

set a

mus~oom

sictimoro

sycamore

siempre v e r d e

evergreen

rocks

semilla

--

Forestales

simpGtalo, l a

sympetalous

a mano

hand (work b y )

tallo flora

flower s t a l k

a b e t o de Douglas

Douglas-fir

t alo

thallus

abono qufmico

f e r t i l i z e r (chemical)

talof i t a

thallophyte

acebolladura

ringshake

tamarisco, tamariz

t amar i x

acidez

acidity

tarajal

s m a l l cedar patch

aclarear

to thin

t a r a je

s a l t cedgr

aclareo

intermediate cut, thinning

taxaceo, a

taxaceous

a c l a r e o <e l a p a r t e

t h i n n i n g from below

temb l 6 n
tetrandro, a

t r e m b l i n g p o p l a r , aspen
ietrandrous

inferior
a c l a r e o , me'todo de

t h i n n i n g method

tetrapekalo, l a

tetrapetalous

aclareo por l o a l t o

t h i n n i n g from above

tomentoso, s a

tomentose

aclareo selectiva

selection thinning

tribol

clover, t r e f o i l

acre, superficie

acreage

t r f f i d o , da

tr if i d

t r i f o l i a d o , da

trifoliate

tube'rculo

medida en
acrogenous

producido en e l a p i c e

tuber, tubercle

i f id0

aphid

tuberosa, s a

tuberose, tuberous

af i l a r

sharpen

tuna

prickly pear f r u i t

agalla

gall

tuna1

prickly pear plant or


thicket

tunera

prickly pear plant

a g r i c u l t u r a agronomia

a g r i c u l t u r e agronomy

agronomia

agronomy

aguja

pine needle

aislamiento

insolation

barra de hendir

planting bar

albura

sapwood

barrenador

borer

seedbed

bejuco

vine

belleza del paisaje

s c e n i c beauty

alma'ciga,

cama de

siembra
a l m g c i g a s , en ermedad

damping-off

de las

bolsa

bag

bosque

forest

a l o gamia

cross-pollinate

bosque d e e n t r e s a c a

selection forest

altura

height

bosque p a r q u e

park-like

amb i e n t a l

environmental

brinzal

seedling

amb i e n t e

environment

brota, brote

shoot/sprout

anillar

t o girdle trees

briijula

compass

a n i l l o annual

annual r i n g

cable

cable

apear

forest

fell

cadena

chain

spice

top

caducifolia

deciduous

apilamiento

pile

calidad del s i t i o

site q u a l i t y

aprovechamient o

utilization

calvero

open space i n f o r e s t

aprovechamiento de

land use

cama d e s i e m b r a

seedbed

aprovechar

exploit

c5mb i u m

aprovecho m u l t i p l e

m u l t i p l e use

caminata de muestreo

cruise-line

d i s k plow

camino a c c e s o

a c c e s s road

caminos, r e d d e

road system

campamento

camp

alGciga

tierras

arado de discos

. t o plow

arar

tree

srbol

cambium

Q r b o l d e navidad

Christmas t r e e

campo

field

S r b o l ornamental

ornamental ( t r e e )

cancrosis

canker

d r b o l promedio

average t r e e

cantidad

amount

Qrbol semillero

seed t r e e

carbon

charcoal

rlrbol t i p o

sample t r e e

carbonera

charcoal k i l n

arborea

relating to tree

carcava

arboreto

a r b o r e tum

cargar

arboricultor

nurseryman

cecidia

area

cilula

cell

basal area

celulosa

cellulose

drea

Srea basal

gully

t o load
gall-midge,

.,

nutgall

arenoso

sandy

cenizas

ashes

arrast r a r

skid (logs)

censo

inventory

asseradero

sawmill

cepa

stump

aserrar

t o saw

cercar

fence (to)

aserrin

sawdust

cerco

fence

a s tilladora

chipper

chapa d e madera

veneer

atacar

to infest/to attack

c i c l o de c o r t a

cutting cycle

azar

random

cienaga

meadow ( w e t )

a z u l a d o de madera

bluestain

cincel

chisel

banda

strip, belt

c i n t a de m e d i c i 6 n

tape (measuring)

,- .

cinta diametrica

diameter tape

cosechar

c l a s e d e edad

t o harvesr

age c l a s s

costero

slab

clase diametrica

diameter class

crecimiento

growth

clasificacitin

crown-class

cromosoma

chromosome

c u a d r i l l a de campo

field party

arborea
clasificar

t o grade

cuadro

t a b l e (of f i g u r e s )

clima

climate

cubicaci6n de i r b o l e s

scaling felled

clon

clone

clorofi l a

chlorophyll

apeados

trees

c u b i c a c i h en p i e

volume d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f
standing t r e e s

clorosis

chlorosis

cobertura de f o l l a j e

canopy

cuenca

watershed a r e a

c odominant e

codominant

cuenca h i d r o g r 6 f i c a

watershed

c o e f i c i e n t e morfico

form f a c t o r

cuerda

cord

coethneo

even-aged

cuesta

slope

colch6n a p l i c a r un

t o mulch

cuidado c u l t u r a l

s t and improvement

colch6n de materia

mulch

cultivar

t o grow, t o c u l t i v a t e

cuiia

wedge

combate

control (pests)

c u r v a de n i v e l

contour l i n e

c o m b a t e , mgtodo d e

orggnica

c o n t r o l measure

daiio

damage

comej e n

termite

dasometria

f o r e s t mensuration

computadora

computer

dasonomfa

forestsy

datos

data

conifera

c o n i f e r o u s cone ( p i n e )

con0

cone ( p i n e )

debastadora

de-barker

c o n s t i t u c i 6 n normal

normal f o r e s t

defectuoso

defective

c o n t e n i d o d e humedad

moisture content

dendr6metro

dendrometer

contrafuego

backfire

densidad

density

c o n t r o l de incendios

f i r e control

d e p 6 s i t o de madera

l o g deck

copa

crown o f t r e e

desarollo

development

corazon

heartwood

desarraigar

l i f t (seedlings)

corola

corolla

desbrozadora

brush-cutter

corta

felling/cut

descortezador

barkbeet l e

c o r t a , c i c l o de

cutting cycle

descortezadora

debarker

corta de generaci6n

regeneration cut

descort ezamiento

bark peeling

corta de salvamiento

salvage cutting

descortezar

peel (to)

corta diseminatoria

seed t r e e cutting

desecho

litter (refuse)

d e s e c h o s de l a

slash

corta de entresaca

selective cut

corta preparatoria

preparatory cutting

corta

corta t o t a l

clearcutting

deshierbe

weeding

cortafuego

fireline

d e s h oj a r

defoliate

cortar

cut (to f e l l )

desmontar

to deforest
waste
t o top

cortas sucesivas

shelterwood system

desperdicio

corte anual

annual c u t

de s p u n t a r

corteza

bark

desramar

lop ( t o )

short term

desviaci6n estandar

standard deviation

c o r t o plaizo

diime t r o

diameter

e s t r a t i f icaci6n

stratification

digmetro a 1 a l t u r a

d.b.h.

estrato inferior

understory

e s t r a t o superior

overstory

eucalip t o

eucalyptus

d e l pecho
diiimetro s u p e r i o r

top diameter

dique

dike

explotaci6n f o r e s t a l

logging (harvest)

disetaneo

uneven-aged

explot a r

exploit

d i s t r i b u c i b n de

sample d i s t r i b u t i o n

ex terrninar

t o eradicate

extraccibn

skidding

distrito

district

e xtr a e r

skid (logs)

d i v i s o r a d e aguas

watershed (boundary)

faja

strip, belt

dominant e

dominant

dosel, espesura d e l

crown-closure

f enotipo

phenotype

duramen

heartwood

fertilizante

fertilizer

durmiente d e

r a i l r o a d tie

fib r a

fiber

fi l a

row

ecologfa

ecology

financiamiento

financing

economf a

economics

fisiol6gica

physiologic

e dad

f loema

phloem

edad, c l a s e d e

age
age-class

f orcicula

caliper

ef ecto

effect

f orestacio'n

afforestation

enfermedad

disease

f o r e stal

related t o forestry

enfennedad de l a s

damp ing-o f f

fo'rmula

formula

f o t o g r a f fa ae'rea

a e r i a l photo

muestra

ferrocarril

alrniicigas

silt

entresaca

thinning

f r a n ja cortafuega

firebreak

entresacar

to thin

frecuencia

frequency

envenena r

t o poison

f rondo s a

broad-leaved

erradicar

eradicate

f uego

fire

e r r o r d e muestreo

sampling e r r o r

f u e s t e muerto

snag (dead t r e e )

escala

s c a l e (of map)

fuste

stem ( b o l e )

escarabaj o

beetle

g e n e r a ci6n

generation

escolitido

bark b e e t l e

genotipo

genotype

esciaf i l a

shade t o l e r a n t

germinaci6n

germination

especie

species

germinacidn

dormant ( s e e d )

especie, exhtica

exotic species

espesura del dosel

crown-closure

estacar

retardada
g r a n o de l a madera

g r a i n (of wood)

t o make c u t t i n g s

grua

l o a d e r ( jammer)

estaci6n

s e a s o n (of y e a r )

g rumo

clod

estadistica

inventory

granizo

hail

estadistica forestal

f o r e s t inventory

guarda f o r e s t a l

f o r e s t guard

est a q u i l l a d o

cutting

guia terminal

l e a d e r (growth)

estereoscopio,

stereoscope

hacha

axe

estigma

s t igma

helada

frost

est imaci6n

estimation

helecho

fern

labranza

s o i l cultivation

larva

larva

herbicide

leiia

cordwood

herida

injury

lignina

lignin

hereditario

hereditary

l i m i te

boundary

hibrido

hybrid

limpia

cleaning ( s i l v . )

hidrologia

hydrology

litera

l i t t e r (ground)

hijuelo

sprout /shoot

longitud

length
s t a n d (of t r e e s )

hendidura en e l

heartshake

duramen

herb i c i d a

hilera

row

m a c i z o , masa

h i p sometro

hypsometer

madera

hipsometro de s i e r r a

saw b l a d e

madera a s e r r a d a

lumber

hojarasca

l i t t e r (leaves)

madera b l a n d a - e

softwood

hongo

fungus

horticultura

horticulture

hiimedo

moist

importe
incendio de copas

< .

wood / t i m b e r

(de conif e r a )
madera c o n t r a c h a p e a d a

plywood

amount

madera d e p u l p a

pulpwood

crown f i r e

madera d u r a ( d e

hardwood

incendio f o r e s t a l

forest f i r e

incendio superficial

ground f i r e

i n c i s i 6 n de c o r t a

undercut

especie frondosas)
madera e n p i e

s t a n d i n g t i m b e r , growing

round wood

stock

incremento

increment

madera en r o l l o

i n c r e m e n t 0 medio

mean a n n u a l i n c r e m e n t

madera p a r a aserrar

sawtimber

maderab l e

mature s t a n d

anual
infest (to)

madurez

maturity

i n e s t a c i 6 n

infestation

maduro

mature

ingeniero d e l

district officer

malezas

weeds ( b r u s h )

rnanejo f o r e s t a l

f o r e s t management

mantillo

duff

infestar

distrito
ingeniero j ef e d e l

d i s t r i c t ranger

2.

= .

m a n t i l l o Bcido,

distrito

humus

humus

i n je r t a r

to graft

insecticida

insecticide

mapa

map

insect0

insect

marcar

b l a z e (on a t r e e )

intensidad de

sampling i n t e n s i t y

masa

volume ( o f a s t a n d )

matarrasa

clearcut

matarrasa en f a j a s

clearcut s t r i p s

mues t r e o
interval0

interval

intolerante

intolerant

inundar

flood (to)

matarrasa por grupos

clearcut patches

inventario

inventory

material defertuosa

c u l l (material)

matorral

s c r u b (growth)
mean

i n v e n t a r i o de bosques

forest inventory

a 1t e r n a d a s

investigaci6n

research

media

investigaci6n

forest research

m e d i c i 6 n d e volumen

s c a l e (timber)

medida

measure

medida t a b l a

board measure

forestal
invierno

winter

ordenacick por

medula

pith

mej o r a m i e n t o

improvement ( f o r e s t )

volumen

mensuraci6n

mensuration

oruga

mhtodo d e combate

c o n t r o l measure

O ~ O ~ O

caterpillar
au t umn

micorriza

micorrhiza

paisaj e

landscape

micosis

fungal disease

pala 3e h e n d i r

planting-bar

microclima

microclimate

pantano

marsii

moho

mold

parasitario

parasitic.

mo j 6n

s u r v e y monument

parisito

monoecious

parcela

plot

monte

forest

parcela de prueba

sample p l o t

monte b a j o

coppice

parbnquima

parenchyma

monte bravo

saplings (thicket)

p a s t a de madera

wood p u l p

m o n t e campesino

farm woodlot

pendient e

slope

monte coetsneo

even-aged f o r e s t

perdigal

pole stage

monte disethneo

uneven-aged f o r e s t

ljeriodo de

working p l a n p e r i o d

monoico

a p r ovechamiento

morf o l o g i a

morphology

motosierra

chainsaw

p e r i o d o de c o r t a

c u t t i n g period

muebles

furniture

p e r i o d o do r e p o s o ,

dormancy

mu6rdago

m i s t l e t o e , ,dwarf - m i s t l e t o e

muestra

sample

_muest r e o

s m pl i n g

muestreo

s t r a t i f i e d sample

e s t r a t i f icado
multiplicaciih

, ,

dormancia
peso

weight

pesticida

pesticide

pie-tabla

boiirdf o o t

p iiia

cone ( p i n e ) ,

pi n a r

pine forest

pino

p i n e (Pinus)

pinecone

vegetative reproduction

agamica
mult iplicaci6n
.

volume r e g u l a t i o n

sexual reproduct ion

sexual

'plaga

pest
management p l a n
pl a m i n g

musgo

moss

p l a n de manejo

nivel

l e v e l (instrument)

planeamiento

n i v e l , curva de

contour l i n e

plano

nudo

knot

plano general

base map

nudoso

knotty

plarita

plant

nuez

nut

p l a n t a leiiosa

woody p l a n t

objective de manejo

management ob j e c t i v e

plantaciih

plantation

oquedal

high forest

plantadora

p l a n t i n g machine

ordenacich d e l

r e g u l a t i o n of c u t

plantar

t o plant

p l a n t a r con t e r r 6 n

b a l l planting

ordenacibn f o r e s t a l

forest regulation

plantones

planting stock

ordenaci6n por

area regulation

pla'ntula

seedling

platabanda

n u r s e r y bed

poda

pruning

poda de r a i c e s

root pruning

aprovechamiento

a'rea
ordenacio'n
seccio'n de

management u n i t

podar

t o prune

r e f o r e st a c i 6 n

reforestation

podredumb r e

rot

regar

t o water (irrigate)

polilla

moth

regeneraci6n

regeneration

polinizar

t o pollinate

regeneraci6n

a r t i f i c a l regeneration

',

politica forestal

forest policy

pol611

stump s p r o u t

regeneraci6n n a t u r a l

natural regeneration

polucidn d e l agua

p o l l u t i o n (water)

r e g l a de Biltmore

Biltmore stock

polucidn d e l ambiente

pollution (air)

reliimpago

lightning

por ciento

percent

relascopio

relascope

artificial

porcentaje

percentage

rendimiento

yield

p o s i b i l i d a d de c o r t a

allowable cut

rendimiento a n u a l

annual yield

poste

pole

rendimiento d e

lumber y i e l d

prsctica cultural

cultural practice

p radera

meadow

presupuesto
primavera

aserrar
rendimiento s o s t e n i d o

'sustained yield

budget

renuevo

shoot, sprout

spring (season)

repicados

transplants

repob l a d o

seedling stage

prism

prisma

procedencia

provenance

residuos de l a corta

slash

producido en e l

acrogenous

resina

resin

rociar

t o spray

rollizo/rollo

b o l e / b o l t (of t i m b e r )

ipice
product0 secundario

by-product

promedio

mean

proporci& de l a

rotation

crown r a t i o

roya
roya v e s i c u l a r

( C r o n a r t ium)

sample p l o t

roza a fuego

broadcast burn

pruebas, t o u r

t o sample

rozar

t o c l e a r land

pua p a r a i n j e r t a r

scion

sabana

savannah

pudrici&

center rot

savia

sap

p u l p a d e madera

wood p u l p

secadero

dry-kiln

quemar

burn

se c a r

t o dry/season

raices capilares

hair roots

secado ar a i r e

air dry

r a ja r

to split

seguridad

safety

ralear

t o thin out

selecci6n

s e l e c ti o n

rasa, r a s o

clearcut area

sembradora

seed d r i l l

rascar

t o b l a z e , t o mark

sembrar

t o plant

rast r a

harrow

sembrar a v o l e o

broadcast seeding

rastrear

t o harrow

semilla

seed

rayo

lightning

semilla d e primera

s e l e c t e d seed

copa
prueba, p a r c e l a de

del corazh

r u s t (disease)

recreo

recreation

recursos

resources

semi1 l 6 n

seedling
t o mark t r e e s

c a t egor i a

recurso natural

natural resource

seiialar i r b o l e s

r e d d e caminos

road system

s e r i e de c o r t a

felling-series

redecilla

r e t i c u l u m of a ruminant

serraduras

sawdust

siembra

seeding

t i p o de vegetacihn

vegetation type

s i e m b r a en h i l e r a s

d r i l l i n g (seed)

t i p o del suelo

s o i l type

siempre verde

evergreen

tiz6n

blight

sierra

saw

toc6n

stump

sierra cinta

bandsaw

t orcida

s p i r a l (grain)

sierra circula

c i r c u l a r saw

t o r r e de v i g i l a n c i a

l o o k o u t tower

s i e r r a trozadora

chainsaw

t r a b a j o de campo

f i e l d work

d e cadena

tractor

tractor

silvicultural

silvicultural

t r a c t o r oruga

drawler t r a c t o r

silvicultura

silviculture

t ramo

c u t t i n g block

sistema

system

trasplantar

transplant

sistema silvicultural

s i l v i c u l t u r a l s y s tern

tratamiento c u l t u r a l

s t a n d improvement

s i t i o , calidad del

s i t e quality

t remen t i n a

turpentine

s o b rernaduro

overmature

triplex

plywood

somb r a

shade

t r o c e a d o ra

chipper

suelo forestal

forest soil

tronco

sternhole

superf i c i e

area

t rozador

c r o s s c u t saw

s u pr i m i d o

overtopped, suppressed

tronzar

t o buck

surco

furrow

t r o z o d e rnadera,

log

tabla

t a b l e (of f i g u r e s )

leiio

board, t a b l e

turba

bog p e a t

t a b l a de vohmen

volume t a b l e

umbrofila

shade t o l e r a n t

t a b l a de rendimiento

yield table

u n i d a d de i r e a

u n i t (of a r e a )

t a b l e r o de p a r t f c u l a s

chipboard,

u n i d a d d e manejo

u n i t (management)

unidad d e l

u n i t (organization)

t a b l a /tablin/cuadro

'

particle-board
taladro

increment borer

talar

organizaci6n

cut (to f e l l )

utilizaci6n

utilization

talarasa

clearcut

valor corriente

market v a l u e

t a l a r a s a con

s e e d - t r e e method

v a l o r d e madera

stumpage ( v a l u e )

tallar simple

coppice

vegetacihn

t a s a de i n t e r &

interest rate

vender en p i e

t o s e l l stumpage
trail (path)

en p i e

portagranos

vegetation

t asacio'n

appraisal

vereda

tejamanil

shake ( h e a r t s h a k e )

verruga

burl

tejido cicatrizal

callus

verticilo

w h o r l (of b r a n c h e s )

temperatura

temperature

via de extracci6n

skid t r a i l

tenazas

tongs

viga

beam

termita

termite

vigor

vigor

terreno baldio

wasteland

vin'a

vine

tarreno forestal

forest land

v ir u t a

chip

terreno llano

l e v e l (ground)

virutilla

excelsior

t e r r e n o productor

productive f o r e s t land

vivero

nursery, n u r s e r y bed

t iempo

weather

volumen

volume

tipo de interes

r a t e of i n t e r e s t

volumen en p i e

s t a n d i n g volume

volumen normal

normal growing s t o c k

b recha

breccia

v u e l c o por 10s

wind t hrow

cabeza

peak, h i g h h i l l

ca l a

soil pit

vientos
xilema

xylem

calca'reo

calcareous

zona a n u a l de

annual cut

ciilcico

calcic

caliche

alkali

c&bico

cambic

c a n t a l i n o s o , sa

s t o n y , rocky ground

crecimiento

capa a r a b l e

top s o i l
hardpan

abanico a l u v i a l

a l l u v i a l fan

capa d u r a , t o s c a

acidez

a c i d it y

capa impermeable

impermeable l a y e r

&id0

acid

carga de r a j a

cleavage

acuico

aquic

carga s o l i d a

bedload

adoguina

d e s e r t pavement

catena

catena

agregado

aggregate, s o i l

colluvi6n

colluvium

ilcali

alkali

coloide d e l suelo

s o i l colloid

alcalino

alkaline

concreci6n

concretion

a l 6 f ana

allophane

cono de d e y e c c i 6 n

a l l u v i a l fan

a l u v i a l , aluvional

alluvial

consistencia d e l

s o i l consistence

.aluvidn

a 1luvium

aluvionamiento

accretion

suelo
costra

s o i l crust

streambed, r i v e r b e d

cuenca h i d r o g r i f i c a

drainage basin

mechanical a n a l y s i s

dep6sito de grava

gravel bar

antr6pico

anthropic

derrumpe

landslide

apedal

apedal

desgastar

t o erode

arcilla

a r g i l l i c clay

deslizamien t o de

s o i l creep

arcillar

t o loam

a r c i l l o arenoso

sancy c l a y

suelo
deslizamiento

s o i l , degraded

d e s lavado

arcilloso, sa

clayey, a r g i l l i c

arena

sand

deslizamiento e l u v i a l

soil, eluvial

arena f rancosa,

loamy sand

des l i z a m i e n t o ,

s o i l , depth

profundidad d e l

f ranca

suelo

arena1

sandy ground o r p l a c e

argila, argilla

a r g i l l i c , clay

argiloso, sa

clayey, a r g i l l i c

a t errarniento

aggradation, s i l t a t i o n

duna

sand dune

autoclave

autoclave

durnudo

durinode

azonal

azonal, s o i l

d u r s t r a t o , duro

duripan

edAfico, ca

edaphic

classification

d e s p r e n d i m i e n t o de

bank e r o s i o n

ribero

edaf o l o g i a

edaphology

desert varnish

edaf ;logo

edaphologist

barro

c l a y mud, s i l t

eluviacihn

eluviation

barroso, sa

clayey

embancamiento

accretion

b a l d i o , t i e r r a s de
barniz del desierto

badlands

lixiviaci6n

leaching

eolian

loess

loess

ercilla

loam

medano

sand dune

erosi6n

erosion

mesico

mesic

accelerated erosion

micror e l i e v e

microrelief

e r o s i 6 n de c a r c a v a s

gully erosion

molico

mollic

e r o s i 6 n laminar

sheet erosion

ocrico

ochric

e r o s i 6 n por regueros

r i l l erosion

oxico

oxic

erosi6n superficial

splash erosion

escorrentia,

run0 f f

encalado

liming, s o i l

eblico

erosi6n acelerada

paralithic

tico

pedology

podologia

pedologist

escurrimiento

esp6dico

spadic

p ed6n

pedon

estribo

abutment

pedregal , pedroche

stony ground

fase

phase

p e d r e g o s o , sa

stony

f locnlaci6n

flocculation

p e d r e j 6n

boulder

forma t e r r e s t r e

l a n d f o nn

p e d r e r a de e r o s i 6 n

e r o s i o n pavement

f ranco arci l l o

sandy c l a y loam

p ena

rock, boulder

peniplanicie

peneplain

percolarse

percolate

arenosa
f ranco a r c i l l o

s i l t y c l a y loam

p e r f i l d e l suelo

soil profile

c l a y loam

pergElico

pergelic

f r a n c o limoso

s i l t loam

p l a c a s , en

platy

friabl e

friable

podzol

pocpol

f r o n t h pendiente

pediment

porosidad e d g f i c a

limoso
franco areilloso

s o i l porosity
s o i l p i t (study)

granuloso

granular

pozo a g r o l G g i c o

grava

gravel, c o a r s e s a n d

profundidad d e s u e l o

s o i i depth

greda

c l a y , loam

regolita

regloith

gredal

c l a y e y , loamy

riachuelo

rills

g u i ja r r a l

cobbly land

roca

rock

guijarro

cobble

rocalia

pebbles, stones

g u i j o s o , sa

g r a v e l l y , stony

sibulo

c o a r s e heavy s a n d ,

h i st i c 0

histic

sacamues t r a s

sampler

h o r i z o n t e edsf i c o

s o i l horizon

salico

salic
-

humedad d e l s u e l o

s o i l moisture

sobrecarga de suelo

overburden

iluviaci6n

i l l u v ia t i o n

sonda de t i e r r a

s o i l auger

iluvial

illuvial

s u b s t r a t o duro

duripan

i n v e s t i g a c i 6 n de

s o i l survey

subsuelo

sub s o i l

suelos

suelo

soil, earth

l e c h o de roca

bedrock

suelo icido

acid s o i l

liego, ga

virgin soil

suelo alcalino

alkaline s o i l

1imo

silt

suelo c a l i z o

calcareous s o i l

litico

lithic

suelo castafiae

chestnut s o i l

litosecuencia

lithosequence

suelo climax

normal s o i l

s u e l o co l u v i a l

colluvial s o i l

aguardadero, aguardo

hunter's blind

s u e l o deslavado

degraded s o i l

gguila

eagle

suelo eluvial

eluvial s o i l

aguilera

eagle's nest

suelo e6lic0

aeolian s o i l

alan6s

s p e c i e s of l a r g e d e e r

suelo esquel6tico

skeletal soil

alavanco

w i l d duck

suelo franco

loam s o i l

alce

e l k , moose

suelo franco

c l a y loam s o i l

alero

b u c k , immature

arcilloso

a l i c a n te

viper

muck s o i l

alimaiia

predator

s u d o inmaturo

immature s o i l

alimanero

predator control

s u e l o maduro

mature s o i l

s u e l o humifero

specialist

s u e l o , manto d e

s o i l mantle

alimenti c i o

food v a l u e

suelo mineral

mineral s o i l

alimentaci6n

nourishment

suelo neutro

neutral soil

alpinismo

mountain climbing

suelo orginico

organic s o i l

alzapi6

snare

suelo salino

saline soil

amait l n a r

to stalk

suelo sedentario

r e s i d u a l , primary s o i l

anadeja, anadino, na

duckling

suelo vegetal

top s o i l

anaero'bico

anaerobic

s u e l o s , s e r i e s de

s o i l series

aiiagaza

decoy/lure

t6rmico

thermic

a n a t omia

anatomy

t e r r e n o abarrancado

b a d l a n d , c l a y loam

anf i bi o

amphibian

terr6n .

ped, e a r t h clod

anidar

to nest

textura d e l suelo

s o i l texture

anillo

annulus

tierra

dirt, soil

anta

elk

t i e r r a f ranca

loam s o i l

aovar

t o l a y eggs

t i e r r a s de b a l d i o

badlands

apitonar

t o b r e a k o u t of egg

tierra plan

backfill, f i l l

s h e l l using t h e b i r d ' s
beak

tipo del suelo

s o i l type

tosca, arcillosa

c l a y pan

&ea

t o s c a , capadura

h a r d pan

artr6pod0, da

arthropod

turba

peat

asaeteador

a r c h e r , bowman

Gdico

udic

asta

antler

astado

horned, with horns

at6xico

non-poisonous

atrapar

to trap

iistico

xirico

xeric

Fauna Silvestre

superpoblada

concentration area

autopsia

autopsy

ave a c u i t i c a

w a t e r owl

ave cantora

songbird

abihtico

abiotic

abomaso

abomasum

a v e de c a z a

game b i r d

abaz6n

c h e e k pouch

ave d e p r e s a

b i r d of prey
insectivorous birds

accipitre

accipiter

aves i n s e c t i d a r i a s

actividad

activity

aves migratorias

migratory b i r d s

acuitico

aquatic

avispa

wasp

b l e a t i n g sound o f d e e r ,
sheep, goats

cazadero

h u n t i n g ground

cazador, r a

hunter

bandada

covey o f b i r d s

c a z a d o r de a l f o r j a

trapper

barba

beard

c a z a d o r de c a b e z a s

head hunter

b ifurcado, da

bi furcat e

cazador f u r t i v o

poacher

b i 0 1 6 ~ i c 0 ,c a

biological

cazar

t o hunt

biblogo

biologist

cebo

bait

b iometria

biometry

celo

h e a t (female i n season)

bioquira

rattlesnake

c e n s o de c a z a

game c e n s u s

b i p e d o , da

biped

cerceca

fawns f i r s t g r o w t h of

bisulco, ca

c l o v e n hoofed

antlers

b &id0

bovid

cervato

fawn

bovino, n a

bovine

c6rvidos

cervidae

b rama

mating season of animals

cecreria

falconry/hawking

c h i f le

bird call

b ramadero

r u t t i n g o r mating p l a c e

chillido

decoy c a l l

caceria

hunt, hunting

ciclico

cyclic

(rut>

cachillada

l i t t e r of a n i m a l s

ciclo

cycle

cadaliera

giving b i r t h annually

ciclo v i t a l

l i f e cycle

cagarruta

deer, r a b b i t s o r sheep
fecal pellets

camada
cinido

l i t t e r , brood o f a n i m a l s
'

canid

cisipedo

digitate

cobijo

game c o v e r

c o e f i c i e n t e de

digestion coefficient

digestibilidad

canino

canine

cohorte

cohort

cantidad permitib l e

bag l i m i t

cola

t a i l of a n a n i m a l

capacidad de caza

k i l l ratio

co l m i l l o

canine tooth

capacidad de c a r g a

carrying capacity

comportarniento

behavio;

c i n e g i ti c a
capripedo, da

split-hoofed,

carnada

bait

l i k e goats

carnicol

t o e of c l o v e n - f o o t e d

innate , inherent

connaturalizacio'n

acclimatization,
adaptation

conservar

t o conserve

control bioldgica

biological control

carnivorous

coco de c a z a

game p r e s e r v e

rattlesnake

c ria

brood o f c h i c k s

criadero

breeding place

animal

cascabel, serpiente

connatural

de
c a s c u d o , da

big-hoofed a n i m a l

cr6talo

rattlesnake

caudimano

having a p r e h e n s i l e

cuadrupedo

quadruped

cuerno

h o r n of a n i m a l s
skin, hide

tail
cavernf c o l a

cave dwelling

cuero

caza

t o hunt

culebra

small s n a k e

c a z a mayor

b i g game

culeb rdn

l a r g e snake

c a z a menor

small game

densidad

density

c a z a menor d e p o r t i v a

u p l a n d game

depredaci6n

depredation

t o hunt

descogotar

t o cut off the antlers

cazar

descubridero

lookout p o s t

display with outstretched

exp l o y a d a

desemplurnar

t o pluck feathers off

desencarnar

t o debone meat

ext inci6n

extinction

desentraiiar

t o disembowel

extinct0

extinct

desercihn

desertion

falcbnidos

f a l c o n s , eagles, birds of

desmogar

t o shed h o r n s

desmogue

s h e d d i n g of h o r n s

f ardacho

lizard

dest r i p a r

to eviscerate

fauna

fauna

diente

tooth, tusk, fang

fecundidad

fecundity

fecund-lzar

t o impregnate,

dieta

diet

digestibilidad

digestibility

w i n g s (birds)

Prey

inseminate

d i g itad0

d i g i ta t e

fenotfpico, ca

phenotypic

dispersidn

dispersion

f enotipo

phenotype

distribuci6n

distribution

feral

feral

diversity

diversidad,

fertilizaci6n

fertilization

d6cil

docile

fet a 1

fetal

echadura de p o l l o s

brood of c h i c k s

feto

fetus

ectoparasito

ectoparasite

fiera

w i l d animal o r b e a s t

embrik

embryo

filogenia

encenagarse

t o wallow

gallin5ceo

P hy 10geny
gallinaceous

encodillarse

to hide i n a n inaccessible

gallo

cock, r o o s t e r

gamezno

small o r young d e e r

gamitar

t o s o u n d a d e e r c a l l (as

'

p o r t i o n of a b u r r o w
encogollarse

to tree

endogamia

inbreeding

en j u n d i a

animal f a t

gamitido

c a l l of deer (bleet)

entranas

entrails

garra

claw, t a l o n

entremezcladura

interspersion.

gata, o

cat

e q u i l i br i o

equilibrium

genotipo

genotype

equino

equine

g e s tacio'n

gestation

escape

escape, f l i g h t

gorriri'

p i g l e t , suckling pig

escodadero

p l a c e where b u l l s , b u c k s ,

graznar

w i t h a deer c a l l )

t o c a c k l e , caw, c r o a k

rub t h e v e l v e t

graznido

caw, c a c k l e , c r o a k

from t h e i r a n t l e r s

gregario, a

gregarious

guAcharo , r a ,

fledgling

escondedero

hiding place

especialista

specialist

especie

species

guacharro, r a
guajo l ote

wild turkey

especie indicador

indicator species

guardabosque

game w a r d e n , r a n g e r

espGcimrn

specimen

guarida

den, lair

esplique

bird snare

guarnigo'n

young q u a i l

est6tico

aesthetics

gui6n

t h e l e a d i n g b i r d of a

estimaci6n de

range reconnaissance

migratory flock, o r

pastizales
ex6tico

l e a d i n g dog i n a pack
exotic

habitacibn, habitat

habitat

f a l c o n r y , hawking

monteria

b i g game h u n t i n g

hemcrimo

cold-blooded

montero

hunter

hematzrmo

warm-blooded

nortalldad

mortality

halcouerfa

hemb r a

female

movilidad

mobility

herb ivoro

herb ivorous , herbivore

muta

p a c k o f dogs

heterogeneidad

hetererogeneity

mutualismo

mutualism

hibernation

mu c u a l i s t a

mutualist

h i b r i d o , da

hybrid

natal

natal

homeo termo , m a

hvmeothermal

na t a l i d a d

natality

huella

a n i m a l track

nativo, va

n a t i v e , indigenous

hu e v o

egg

natural

natural

h u r e r a , huronera,

h o l e , burrow

neutralism0

neutralism

husero

s t r a i g h t a n t l e r of a deer

neutralists

neutralist

huta

hunters blind, hut

nidada

b r o o d n e s t of e g g s o r

ij ada

f l a n k of a n a n i m a l

incubaci6n

incubation

nidal

n e s t i n g p l a c e , box

incubar

t o incubate

nidif icar

to nest

inmaturo, r a

immature

nido

nest

inseminar

t o impregnate, inseminate

niego

newborn f a l c o n

innato, t a

innate

nutrici6n

nutrition

interacci6n .

interaction

o b s e r v a d o r de pa'j a r o s

b i r d watcher

inventario

inventory

ornnivoro, r a

omnivorous, omnivore

i n v e r t e b r a d o , da

invertebrate

o r n itologia

ornithology

jabado, da

mottled

orzuelo

b i r d snare, o r animal

lactancia

lactation

hibernaci6n

newly h a t c h e d b i r d s

trap

l a g a r t i ja

lizard

osera

b e a r ' s den, l a i r

l a g a r t l j a cornudo

horned l i z a r d

o v ej a

female sheep

lep6ride

leporid

oviparo

oviparous
bird

l e y de caza

game law

pijara, ro

1.icencia

license

pajarear

to hunt birds

longevidad

longevity

pa-j a r e r a

aviary

macho

male

palmeado

palmate

madriguera

h o l e , burrow

mamario, r i a

mammary

mamifero

mammalian, mammal

manada

herd, flock

pantano

marsupial

marsupial

panza

stomach

a-irnipedo

webfoo t e d

paludoso, s a ,
pantanoso
swamp, bog

m e d i d a s en b r u t o

s t r i p count

paradislero

hunter lying in wait

metabhlico

metabolic

paranza

hunter, s blind, hut

migracitn

migration

p a r a s i t i c o , ca

parasitic

m i m e t ismo

mimicry

parasitismo

parasiti s m

mogote

buddirg a n t l e r

parasito, t a

parasite

monogamia

monogamy

parvada

f l o c k of b i r d s

pastizal tipo

key a r e a

raposera

f o x h o l e , burrow, den
raptors

pata

paw, f o o t

rapaces

p a t i h e n d i d o , da

cloven-hoofed

raspa

beard

paro

duck

ratonera

n e s t o f mice

path

big-footed

rebano

flock

pava, pavo

turkey

recepto

s h e l t e r , refuge

pavada

f l o c k of t u r k e y s

reclamar

t o decoy, l u r e / c a l l with

pechuga

b r e a s t of a f o w l

pelaj e

peleage, h a i r

pelechar

t o grow a new c o a t of
hair, feathers

decoy w h i s t l e
b i r d d e c o y , decoy w h i s t l e
or call
reclu tamiento

recruitment

p e l i c a n o , na

gray-haired

recreacign

recreation

pelicorto, t a

short-haired

recursos naturales

natural resources

pelo

hair, fur

redecilla

r e t i c u l u m of a ruminant

pellejo

skin, hide

ref ugio

refuge

perdigana, perdig6n

young p a r t r i d g e

r e f u g i o de caza

game r e f u g e

perdiz

p a r t r i d g e , ptarmigan

reglamentaci6n de caza

p e r e g r i n o , na

migratory ( b i r d s )

p e r i o d i c o , ca

periodic

pesticida

pesticide

repob l a r

t o repopulate

pesuiia , pezuiia

hoof

reptil

reptile

reserva primitiva

primitive .area

(cloven-hoofed

animal)

game management

caza
remoto, t a

remote

pic0

b i l l , beak of b i r d

resguardo n a t u r a l

escape cover

pista

t r a c k , t r a i l of an animal

respiracih

respiration

pith

budding h o r n o f g o a t ,

restauracihn

restoration

revolcadero

w a l l o w i n g p l a c e of a n i m a l s

plaga

c l i m a c t i c zone

ritmo

rhythm

deer

p luma j e

plumage

ronca

r u t , r u t t i n g season

plumh

b i r d down

roncar

t o c a l l t h e doe ( a s a buck

plumoso, s a

f e a t h e r y , downy

poblaci6n

population

p ol l a

pullet_

pollada

i n rut)
rostro

rostrum

covey, brood

rumla, rumiadura

ruminat I o n

ponzoiia

p o i s o n , venom

rumian t e

ruminant

predator

predator

rutina

routine, habit

p reiiada

pregnant

s a c 0 ae'reo

a i r sac, c e l l

prensil

prehensile

sac0 v i t e l i n o

yolk s a c

quiste

cyst

salvaje

w i l d , untamed

r a b i c i i n , no

white-tailed

s a l v a j i n a , no

game meat

rhbico

rabid

secrecibn

secretion

rabo

rumen

tail

seiiuelo

decoy, l u r e

radio

radius

silbo

hiss, hissing

r a l e 6 n , na

b i r d of p r e y

simbiosis

symbiosis

symbiotic

acubilar

to gather c a t t l e

solitary

acui

aguic

tec r r i z

covert

adap tacio'n

adaptat ion

t ej o n e r a

badger burrow

agronomia

agronomy

telemetry

alambre de puas

barbed wire

temporada a b i e r t a

open s e a s o n

a l b u h e r a , amanal

pond, s t o c k tank,

temporada c e r r a d a

closed season

solitario

telemetria

m a r s h l a n d , swamp

trend

alpes t r e , a l p i n o , na

alpine

terrestre

terrestrial

ilveo

streambed

terrfcola

e a r t h dwelling

tendencia

environmental
ambiente

environment

territorial

territorial

torca

cave, cavern

amnicola

riparian, terrestrial

trampa

trap, snare

amplltud

amplitude

t r a m p e r o , ra

trapper

anilisis

analysis

triangulacidn

triangulation

a f i ~ l i s i sc u a l i t a t i v o

qualitative analysis

tullidura

b i r d of p r e y s c a t s ,

aniilisis cuantitativo

quantitative analysis

droppings

analitico, ca

analytic, analytical
f a l l o w land
y e a r l i n g c a l f o r lamb

ungulado

ungulate

aiioj a 1

vamp i r o

vampire

ano j o

venado

deer

arbust i v o , v a

shrub-like
pasture, grazing a r e s
t o graze

venado, c a r n e de

venison

apacentadero

veneno

venom

apacentar

vereda

path, t r a i l

aparceria

sharecropping

e s t r u s o f swine and sheep

aprovechamien t o

use, u t i l i z a t i o n

rutting i n swine o r sheep

arboleaa

orchard

vertebrate

arboledo

woodland

vibora

viper

arbust o

shrub

v i b o r a de c a s c a b e l

rattlesnake

arcabuco

d e n s e woodland o r brush

viviparo

viviparous
arcabucoso

d e n s e l y wooded

verriondez
verriondo ,

da

vertebrado

thicket

volateo

t o s h o o t b i r d s on t h e wing

vuelo

escape, f l i g h t

a'rea b a s a l

b a s a l area

za n c a

long l e g of b i r d

ires de e x c l u s i o n

enclosure

zarpa

paw of l a r g e f e l i n e s

grid0

arid

zona . c l i m i t i c a

c l i m a t , i c zone

arredillar

t o pen o r c o r r a l

zona s e l v i t i c a

wilderness area

arroyar

t o form g u l l i e s

zorrera

fox h o l e

arroyo

ephemeral w a t e r c o u r s e

zurear

t o coo (doves)

arroyuelo

brooklet

zureo

cooing (doves)

i r t i c o , ca

arctic

aspect0

aspect

asocies

associes

asociaci6n de

plant association,

Past iza les


abundancia

abundance

plantas

a c r e c e n t ador

increaser

atmosfera

community
atmosphere

autecologia

autecology

cab a l l a d a

horse herd

auto f e r ti l i z a c i i n

self-fertilization

caballo

horse

autogamia

autogamy

cabezo

h i g h h i l l , peak

autopolinizaci6n

self-pollination

cab r a

female goat

avaluar

assess

cabrito, t a

young g o a t

badina

s m a l l s h a l l o w pond

caducif o l i a

deciduous

barbechada

plowing of

calverizo, za or

w i t h many open a r e a s i n

barbechar

t o plow

becerra

female y e a r l i n g c a l f

camp i i i a

countryside

becerro

yearling b u l l calf

campo

field (the field)

b ioma

biome

caiiada

gulch, ravine, big gulley

b iomasa

biomass

capa f r e 2 t i c a

groundwater

biota

biota

capacidad de pastoreo

grazing capacity

b i h t i c o , ca

biotic

carnerada

f l o c k of sheep

calvero

t h e woods o r f o r e s t

bi6tic0, potencial

biotic potential

carnero

s h e e p , ram

biotipo

biotype

carvaj a 1

oak g r o v e o r wood

bioclimatologfa

bioclimatology

catadura

sampling

b i b g e n o , na

biogenic

cebada

barley

biogeograf f a

biogeography

cercado, cercamiento

enclosure

b o a l aj e

pasture (area) f o r c a t t l e

c;sped

sod

bode

male g o a t

chamicera

a r e a o f b u r n t woodland

b od6n, es t a n q u e

e p h e m e r a l pond t h a t d r i e s
i n summer

chamizo

half-burnt

charnuscar

t o singe, s e a r , scorch

t r e e or log

b oiiiga

c a t t l e dung

cienaga

marsh

borregada

f l o c k of y e a r l i n g s h e e p

c l a s e de a l t u r a

height class

borrego, ga

y e a r l i n g lamb, e w e

c l a s e de c o b e r t u r a

canopy c l a s s ( f o l i a g e )

borreguero , pastor

shepard

borrica

f e m a l e donkey

borusca

dry, f a l l e n leaves o r

c l a s e diamtitrica

diameter c l a s s

boscaje

thicket

c l a s e de- edad

age c l a s s

boscoso

d e n s e l y wooded

c l a s e vitamorfol6gica

l i f e-f o m c l a s s

brushwood

de f o l l a j e
c l a s e de c o n d i c i h n

condition class

d e l agostadero

--

bosque

woods, f o r e s t , woodland

clasif icaci6n

classification

c l a s i f i c a c i 6 n de

range c l a s s i f i c a t i o n

bosta

h o r s e , cow dung

bovino

bovine

brote

s p r o u t , bud, s h o o t

pastizales
clima

climate

brotadura

budding, s p r o u t i n g

clirnit ico , c a

climatic

brotar

t o s p r o u t , bud

climax

c 1imax

broza

l i t t e r , (leaves, branches)

coaccidn

coacti o n

b r o z o s o , sa

b r u s h y w i t h undergrowth

cobertura vegetante

v e g e t a t i v e cover

burra

female a s s

cobertura cerrada

c l o s e d canopy

burrada

h e r d of donkeys, a s s e s

cobertura de

canopy ( h e r b a c e o u s )

burro

donkey, a s s

follaje

cobertura a e l

cover, range p l a n t

pastizal
cobertura del

ground c o v e r

subsuelo
c o e f i c i e n t k de

proper use factor

aprovechamiento

clioicas

dioecious

d i q u e de

c h e c k dam

consolidaci6n
dispersi6n

dispersal

dominant e

dominant

ecologia

ecology

cohorte

cohort

ecologico

ecologic, ecological

colladia

range o f s m a l l h i l l s

e c b l o g o , ga

ecologist

collado

mountain p a s s o r s m a l l

ecotipo

ecotype

hill

ecotono

ecotone

coqetici6n

ed5f i c o

edaphic

comun i d a d

community

e f r c t o s d e l fuego

f i r e effects

comunidad c l i m a x

c l i m a x community

emb r o s q u i l a r

to g a t h e r c a t t l e i n t o a

condici6n d r l

range condition

fold
t o put c a t t l e out to graze

empotrerar

pasti z a l
consociation

consoci6n

encender

to ignite, set afire


pen, s t y or c o r r a l

consocies

consocies

encerradero

constancia

cons tallcy

encorralar

t o corral cattle

consumer

endkico

endemic

continuo

continuum

eneb r a l

p a t c h o r t h i c k e t of

c o s e c h s de. f o r r a j e

forage crop

consumidor, r a

juniper trees

crianza

breed

enraizar

t o grow r o o t s

cuadrato

quadrat

entallecer

t o grow s h o o t s , s p r o u t , .

cuenca

watershed

encrecriarse

t o grow among o t h e r p l a n t s

cucsta

summit

equilibrio

equilibrium

cuesta, pendiente

slope, gradient

erosi6n

erosion

curso superior

headwaters

escabroso

r u g g e d , rough t e r r a i n

deciduo

deciduous

especie

species

def e c a r

to defecate

especimen

specimen

defoliaci6n

defoliation

estancado

stagnant

to defoliate

estanque

p o o l , pond, r e s e r v o i r

density

este'ril

barren

d e n s i d a d d e masa

stand density

estie'rcol

manure

densit6metro

densitornet e r

estrato

stratum

denso, s a

dense

estrato inferior

understory

derecho de pastoreo

grazing right

eutr6fico

eutrophic

desarraigar,

t o p u l l up by t h e r o o t s

exposicidn

expcsure

faciacion

f a c i a tion

defoliar
densidad

-_-

desenraizar
desembocadura

mouth o f r i v e r

facies

fa c i e s

desenraizar

plant uprooting

fachinal

m a r s h l a n d , marsh

desierto

d e s e r t , wasteland

f enologfa

p heno l o g y

desmon t e

f e l l i n g o r c l e a r i n g of

fidelidad

fidelity

fi n q u e r o

farm owner

trees

f isonomia

physiognomy

herbazal

paddock, g r a s s l a n d

ffstula

fistula

herb i c i d a

herbicide

f i t o g e o g r a f La

phytogeography

herb ivoro

herb i v o r e , herbivorous

fitosociologia

phytosociology

hidr6f i c o

hydrophy t i c

follaje

foliage

h i d r o l o g fa

hydrology

foresta

f o r e s t , wood, g r o v e

hidrometrfa

w a t e r c u r r e n t gauging

forestacich

forestation

hidrosere

hydrosere

forestal

related to forests o r

hiemacio'n

w i n t e r b looming

f orestero

f o r e s t e r , f o r e s t keeper

forestry

hierba

f o r b , weed

h i e r b a d e c6sped

sod g r a s s

forma b i o l o ' g i c a

life-form

ho j a r a s c a

litter

forma d e p a s t a r

grazing habit

homoghneo, a

homogenous

forraje

forage

horizont e

horizon

f o r r a j ear

t o forage

humedad

humidity
humus

fotosfntesis

photosynthesis

humus

f ragoso, escabroso

rugged, rough t e r r a i n

incendio

fire

frecuencia

frequency

incendio de bosques

forest fire

fresquedal

a r e a that r e m a i n s . g r e e n

incendio d e l p a s t i z a l

range f i r e

i n c l i n a c i 6 n de l a

inclination, slope

during dry season


fuego

fire

fuente, manantial

s p r i n g (water)

c a t t l e ranching o r
breeding

pendiente
indice
i n v e n t a r .i o

index

inventory

invernadero

wintering place
investigation

ganado

catch

investigaci6n

ganado c a b a l l a r

horses

ir r i g a c i B n

irrigation

ganado c a p r i n o

goats

i sla

island

gam a

steep slope, ravine

isotermo, isot6rmico

isothermal

gradiente

gradient

jardin botinico

b o t a n i c a l garden

graminfvoro

grass-eating

j ehuit e

weeds

granja

grange, farm

j erarquia

hierarchy

granjeria

farming

lamedero

salt lick

granjero, r a

f arrner

l a tame

mulch, compost

habitat

habitat

l e c h o de i n u n d a c i 6 n

floodplain

hal6filo

halophytic

linio, hilera

row of t r e e , p l a n t s

halofita

halophyte

llano

prairie, plain

haza

muddy, boggy

t r a c t of a r a b l e l a n d

lodoso

hazuella

small t r a c t of land

loma

hill

hemisferio

hemisphere

l o t e de p a s t o s

r a n g e o r g r a z i n g a110 tmen t

heno

hay

macho c a b r i o

male g o a t

herbaceo

herbaceous

maleza

weed ( n o x i o u s )

herbaj a r

t o put c a t t l e o u t t o graze

malsano, na

noxious, harmful

herbaj e

herbage

manada

h e r d of c a t t l e

herbario

b o t a n i s t , herbarium

manant l a 1

s p r i n g (water)

manejo d e c u e n c a s

w a t e r s h e d management

p a r c e l a de e n s a y o

study p l o t

manej o d e f a u n a

w i l d l i f e management

parcela experimental

experimental p l o t

parcela de muestra

transect plot

s t a n d of t r e e s

parici6n

p a r t u r i t i o n t i m e of c a t t l e

materia orginica

organic matter

paridera

p a r t u r i t i o n p l a c e of

materia seca

dry matter

rnidano

sand dune, dune

parir

t o give b i r t h

mejoramiento

r a n g e improvement

parque

a park

mensuraciin

mensuration

p a s o de ganado

s r o c k driveway

mes6fito

mesophyte

pastadero

pastureland

mktodo

method

pastadero l i b r e

open r a n g e

metodologf a

methodology

p a s r a d e r o permanente

yearlong range

microclima

microclimate

pasti z a l

pasture, pastureland
hay, fodder, g r a s s feed

s i l v e st r e
masa

cattle

monoica

monoecious

pasto

montaiia

mountain

pastorear

t o graze

Montaiias Rocosas

Rocky M o u n t a i n s

pastoreo diferido

deferred grazing

montanoso, s a

mountainous

p a s t o r e o err r o t a c i 6 n

rotation grazing

monte

woodland

pascoreo excesivo

overgrazing

mont Fcu l o

k n o l l , mound ( s m a l l )

pastoreo limirado

conservative grazing

montuosidad

ruggedness, wilderness

pasroreo prematuro

premature grazing

mosaico

mosaic

p a s t o r e o selective

s e l e c t i v e grazing

muestra

sample

pastura

p a s t u r e , fodder

nativo

native, indigenous

patullar

naturaleza

nature

peiiascal

rocky t e r r a i n

natural

natural

peiiasco

s t e e p rugged r o c k , c r a g

nicho

niche

pendient e

slope, gradient

nocible, nociva

noxious, harmful

perfil

profile

novilla

heifer

peribdico

novillada

d r o v e of young c a t t l e

periodo de pastoreo

grazing period

novillo

young buck

periodo vegetativo

growing s e a s o n

nutrici6n

nutrition

picacho

s h a r p peak o r summit

nutrient

pie-acre

acre-f o o t

oligotrofico

oligotrophic

piedra

rock, stone

onda, o l a

wave on w a t e r

planta indicadora

indicator plant

o r d e n a c i h de montes

f o r e s t management

plantar

t o plant

o r d e n a c i 6 n de l a

l i v e s t o c k management

p l a n t a r i o , cama de

seedbed, p l a n t nursery

nutriente
--.

pisotear

ca

t o trample

periodic

siembra

ganaderia

plasticity

a r d e n a c i o n de p a s t o s

r a n g e management

plasticidad

orquet a

t r e e fork

pluvi6me t r o

r a i n gage

otero

h i l l , knoll, butte

poblaci6n

population

o v ej a

ewe

podar

t o prune/trim a tree

o v ej u e l a

s m a l l o r young ewe

poliandro, r a

polyandrous

~ o l i g a m o , ma

polygamous

pacer

t o put out t o g r a z e

polfmero, r a

po lymerous

rumiar

t o ruminate

polinizacidn

pollination

sabana

savanna

poluci6n

pollution

sacarnuestra

samp l e r

potencial del

range condition

salega

salt lick

salgar

t o feed s a l t t o livestock

pasti z a l
po t r e r o

p a s t u r e , paddock

salinidad

salinity

pradal, prado

meadow

s a l i n o , na

saline

s a l o b re

s a l i n e ground

p r a d e j 6n

s m a l l meadow

presencia

presence

seca, sequfa

d r y s e a s o n , drought

producto r

producer

secadal

dry b a r r e n l a n d

qufmica

chemistry

secaral

dry barren s o i l

chemical, chemist

sedimentacidn

sedimentation

radiacidn

radiation

sedimentario, r i a

sedimentary

ramita

twig

sedimento

sediment

browse, f o r a g e c u t f o r

selva

f o r e s t , woods

fodder

s e l v i ti c o , c a

of t h e woods

ramonear

t o browse

sembradora de

seed d r i l l

r a n c aj a d a ,

p l a n t uprooting

ranchero

rancher

semiarbusto

half shrub

rancho

ranch

semidrido, da

semi a r i d

raso

clearing

s e r r i j 6n, s e r r a n i a

s h o r t mountain range

f l o c k of s h e e p

sierra

rugged mountain range

recoleccio'n

collection

sigmoideo, a
sillada .

rebano

recomidas

hedged

reconocimient o

reconnaissance

hileras

sigmoid
f l a t t r a c t of land on
mountain s l o p e

redecilla

reticulum (ruminant)

s i s tema

ref orestacidn

reforestation

s i s t e m i t i c o , ca

systemmatic

regadero

irrigation ditch

sitio

site

regadura

irrigation

sobre pastoreo

overgrazing

regona

i r r i g a t i o n cane1

sociabilidad

sociability

relacidn

relationship

subafluente

tributary

systems

reliquia

relic

subalpino, a

subalpine

reserva

reserve

subespecie

subspecies

reservacio'n

reservation

substrato

substratum

revegetac idn

revegetation

sub t e r r i i n e o , a

subterranean

riberano, na,

riparian

subtropical

subt r o p i c a l

subvuelo

ground cover

r i b e r e n o , na
rocalloso , sa

s t o n y , rocky

sucesi6n

succession

R o c a l l o s a s Montaiias

Rocky Mountains

sucesi6n primaria

primary succession

r o c o s o , sa

s t o n y , rocky

suel o

s o i l , earth

rumen

rumen

s u e l o s , ape0 d e

s o i l survey

rumia, rumiadura

rumination

tastaiia

hard s o i l crust

rumiante

ruminant

tkcnica

technique

valoraci6n d e l

range a p p r a i s a l

tecnologia

technology

t emporada

season, period

t enada

c a t t l e barn

vaqueril

pasture f o r c a t t l e

teorfa

theory

vaquero, r a

cowhand

t e r r a c i l l a s de

cattle terraces

varga

s t e e p e s t p a r t of h i l l o r

pastizal

slope

sobrepastoreo

heifer

t e r r a pl6n

backfill

vecera

terrestre

terrestial

vega

f e r t i l e lowland

terraceniente

landholder

vegetacihn

vegetation

t e r r e n o , na

t r a c t of land

vegetativo , va

vegetative

t e r r e n o abarrancado

c l a y loam badland

vequeril

pasture for cattle

terr6n

p e d , c l o d of e a r t h

veranada

summer s e a s o n

tierra

earth, s o i l

veranadero

p a s t u r e used i n summer

t i p o de vegetaci6n

v e g e t a t i v e cover

verano

summer

toc6n

t r e e stump

verdasca, ranlita

twig

tolerance

vigor

vigor

t oriondez

r u t of c a t t l e

vitalidad

vitality

t o r i o n d o , da

in rut (cattle)

xerof i t a

xerophyte

tor0

bull

xeroffrrico

xerophytic

transpiraci6n

transpiration

y erbas

weeds, f o r b s

transecto

transect

y ermo

wasteland, barren

trGfico

trophic

tolerancia

land

tundra

tundra

zacatal

p a s t u r e land

ungu l a d o

ungulate

zacate

grass

vaca

COW

z a c a t e amacollado

g r a s s , bunchgrass

vacada

cow h e r d

z ona

zone

vacuno, na

bovine

zona a m o r t i g u a d a

b u f f e r zone

v a l o r f o r r a je r o

forage value

zonif i c a c i b n

zonation

U . S . Department of Agriculture
Forest Service

Rocky Mountain Forest and


Range Experiment Station

Rocky
Mountains

The Rocky Mountain Station is o n e of eight


regional experiment stations, plus the Forest
Products Laboratory and the Washington Office
Staff, that make up the Forest Service research
organization.
RESEARCH FOCUS
Research programs at the Rocky Mountain
Station are coordinated with area universities and
with other institutions. Many studies are
conducted o n a cooperative basis to accelerate
solutions to problems involving range, water,
wildlife and fish habitat. human a n d community
development, timber, recreation, protection, a n d
multiresource evaluation.

Southwest -

RESEARCH LOCATIONS
Research Work Units of the Rocky Mountain
Station are operated in cooperation with
universities in the following cities:

Great
Plains

Albuquerque, New Mexico


Flagstaff, Arizona
Fort Collins, Colorado '
Laramie, Wyoming
Lincoln, Nebraska
Rapid City, South Dakota
Tempe, Arizona

'Station Headquarters: 240 W . Prospect St., Fort Collins, CO 80526