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S stands for “Management Information System” Management is usually defined as planning, organizing, directing, and controlling the business operation. Management is the process of allocating an organization's inputs, including human and economic resources, by planning, organizing, directing, and controlling for the purpose of producing goods or services desired by customers so that organizational objectives are accomplished. Information is what is used in the act of informing or the state of being informed. Information includes knowledge acquired by some means. A system is a scientific method of inquiry, that is, observation, the formulation of an idea, the testing of that idea, and the application of the results. The scientific method of problem solving is systems analysis in its broadest sense.
Definitions of MIS (Management Information System):
1. MIS (management information systems) is a general term for the computer systems in an enterprise that provide information about its business operations. http://www.answers.com/topic/management-information-system 2. MIS refers broadly to a computer-based system that provides managers with the tools for organizing, evaluating and efficiently running their departments. http://www.vmc3.com/mis.html 3. Management Information System (MIS) is a subset of the overall internal controls of a business covering the application of people, documents, technologies, and procedures by management accountants to solving business problems such as costing a product, service or a business-wide strategy. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Management_information_systems 4. Management information system is the computer system, a company uses to maintain the information that it needs to manage its business. http://resources.bnet.com/topic/mis.html 5. Management Information Systems are the application of information technology to organizational and managerial needs. An information system needs to be
aware of what information technology can contribute to an organization and how to bring that solution to fruition. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/freeabs_all.jsp?arnumber=179828 6. MIS, A computer system, usually based on a mainframe or minicomputer, designed to provide management personnel with up-to-date information on an organization’s performance, e.g. inventory and sales. http://www.learnthat.com/define/view.asp?id=6427 7. Information management is a general terms that refers to managing any kind of information. This information that is managed varies according to the industry. Document management is also considered as information management since you are managing the information that is contained in the documents. http://www.management-hub.com/informationmanagement-it39.html 8. A MIS is an assembly of computer hardware, software, and/or firmware configured to collect, create, communicate, compute, disseminate, process, store, and/or control data or information. Examples include: information storage and retrieval systems, mainframe computers, minicomputers. http://www.crypto.ch/index.php?id=79 9. The definition of Information Systems is the application of information technology to organizational and managerial needs. An information system needs to be aware of what information technology can contribute to an organization and how to bring that solution to fruition. http://www.machine-informationsystems.com/DefinitionofManagementInformationSystem.html 10. MIS refers to a central or centrally-coordinated system of computer expertise and management, often including mainframe systems but also including by extension the corporation's entire network of computer resources. http://searchdatacenter.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid80_gci214098,00.html
Q2: What are the Characteristics of Successful M.I.S?
To support management-level in their day to day operation. Provide summarized reports based on routine transaction derived from transaction. processing system (TPS) and historical data for managers. Mostly data is derived internally. The system will be less analytical and less flexible as it only shows the historical data. Provides reports with fixed and standard formats. Hard-copy and soft-copy reports. Uses internal data stored in the computer system. End users can develop custom reports. Requires formal requests from users. An MIS supports transaction handling and record keeping. An MIS uses an integrated database and supports a variety of functional areas. An MIS provides operational-, tactical-, and strategic-level managers with east access to timely but, for the most, structured information. An MIS is somewhat flexible and can be adapted to meet the changing information needs of the organization. An MIS can boost system security by limiting access to authorized personnel.
Q3: Define subsystems with the help of examples? A: A unit or device that is part of a larger system. For example, a disk is a subsystem of a computer system. A bus is a part of the computer. A subsystem usually refers to hardware, but it may be used to describe software. However, "module," "subroutine" and "component" are more typically used to describe parts of software. Management Sub-system MIS  1. Costs control and optimization for specific activities. 2. Optimization of maintenance of specific energy installations. 3. Increase of SC ELECTRICA SA employee professionalism through human resources management. 4. Implementation of ISO9001 quality standard. 5. Increase of service quality to SC ELECTRICA SA customers through customer relationship management. INTRANET Sub-system  1. Operative communication among the company’s organizational structures and with other field companies. 2. Promotion of the company’ image towards customers, partners and potential investors ensuring total transparency. 3. Document management linked to the provisions of ISO9001 quality standards. GIS Sub-system  1. Management of energy installations linked to current legislation and in collaboration with other organizations with which SC ELECTRICA SA shares Romanian territory. 2. Geographic management of installations linked to IT control systems of type DMS/SCADA in order to reduce intervention time in case of failures. Sub-system of Electric Networks Computerized Design  1. Optimum design of energy installations so as to ensure high energy quality for customer at minimum distribution costs. National Integrated Security Sub-system [SI2SN]  1. Ensuring data access security and SC ELECTRICA SA data protection. - protection of computer Server and PC systems against viruses - protection of SC ELECTRICA SA information against unauthorized access via Internet -use of safe connections for Internet INTERNET filtering and monitoring
- Protection of Server systems against unauthorized access to inner files [INTRANET] and via Internet. National Integrated Monitoring Sub-system [SI2MN6] 1. SI2N monitoring of storage functions [Storage], of backup functions [backup], IT equipment [Server/PC], of data equipment [LAN/WAN] and of peripheral equipment.