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Rationale of the study

Water is an important substance in our everyday survival. It ensures that cells


are kept hydrated and our normal metabolic processes will perform its cycle
flawlessly. It is so important that we need it in proper thinking, proper digestion and
proper oxygenation of the blood. Loss or depletion of water in the body may result
to various sicknesses. People will look old, their skins will dry, and they will lose hair
and eventually die if not treated soon.
As students who still have to travel to study in Bicol University, bringing
bottled water is a task that must be done religiously and must never be forgotten.
Because of the scorching heat in the campus and long walks from one campus to
another there is no question of the depletion of every students water supply. Since
BUCeng is a college that is a few kilometers away from the different colleges, it
would be a hassle for every student to walk and still be hydrated. Once their water
supply is empty,it will be hard to find a water source that is suitable for drinking. It
is hard since there had been reportings of sicknesses that were acquired from the
municipal water supply. Also, buying bottled water isnt financially practical if the
buyer doesnt have enough money for such products. Having insufficient water
supply in their tanks, Cengians might have the problem of keeping themselves
hydrated and performing their tasks as students. They might not think clearly
during lectures or exams since they are just concerned of the heat and sweat thats
flowing from their foreheads. The staff themselves might get cranky and hot-heated
because of the heat from the burning weather
To keep us water-abundant, communities need water systems that have to be
delivered in every household .These systems acquire their source of water from
lakes, rivers, reservoirs and underground sources. The water acquired is not
delivered directly but it still has to be treated for it may contain fungi, bacteria,
suspended impurities, waste, chemicals, hydrocarbons, medicine hormones,
antibiotics, fertilizers, plant protective agents that are not suitable for drinking .
Since it is still not safe for drinking, municipalities follow five general steps for the
treatment of water gathered. These are coarse filtration, sedimentation, sand
filtration, aeration and sterilization. Coarse filtration removes dirt and other particles
suspended in water. Chemicals such as alum are added to water to form tiny sticky
particles called floc which attract the dirt particles .This heavy combination of floc
and dirt will settle at the bottom during sedimentation. Through sand filtration,
water passes through sand, gravel and charcoal that help remove even smaller
particles. Aeration then removes dissolved gasses in water and in sterilization,
chlorine is added or some other disinfection method to kill any bacteria or
microorganisms that may be in water.
Although there is a system that can help in producing potable water, it is still
not enough for some municipalities if the water is terribly bad in quality which may
be the cause of reported sicknesses in some areas near the university. That is why a

drinking fountain that will surely produce a clean water inside the campus is highly
beneficial to everyone else. People might not study in air-conditioned rooms, but at
least they would have access to cool and clean drinking water if such a project is
implemented. These are all the reasons why the researchers have proposed to
construct a drinking station that is connected to filtering machines. The water
source will just be the municipal water supply and it will be purified. The machinery
can perform reverse-osmosis, aerate to dissolve gasses and disinfect with chlorine,
ozone, ultraviolet light and other agents that kill harmful bacteria. An area for this
drinking fountain will be taken in some open space in BUCeng grounds and
cengians and the staff will now have access to drinking water.
The researchers have estimated the costs to be somewhere in
php
for the equipment , construction and labor for the project. There had also been an
established financial planning for the construction of these equipments and the
contingency plan in case of emergency. Since the machines require electricity to
function, there should also be a budget for the monthly expense from the governing
financial committee. A few drawbacks have been established for the construction of
this project. One is the costliness since the college would prefer to focus on
academic- related constructions and not on something like this. The students would
also experience an experience in their tuition fee because of this project and they
might not agree to its construction.
Although it is proven costly, the project is still entirely beneficial in the long
run since students will not get sick or will be sure enough that they are drinking
clean water. Staff, visitors and students will not trouble themselves by buying
another costly bottle of water. Also, a replenishing glass of water would taste like
heaven for those who still have to travel from one campus to another.