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Polar Equations of Conics

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Name______________________________________________ Section 10.9 Polar Equations of Conics

Objective: In this lesson you learned how to define a conic in terms of eccentricity and to write equations of conics in polar form.

I. Alternative Definition of Conics (Page 793) The locus of a point in the plane that moves so that its distance from a fixed point (focus) is in a constant ratio to its distance from a fixed line (directrix) is a ratio is the eccentricity conic . The constant

What you should learn How to define conics in terms of eccentricity

of the conic and is e<1 e>1 is at the pole. , .

denoted by e. Morever, the conic is an ellipse if a parabola if e=1 , and a hyperbola if focus

For each type of conic, the

II. Polar Equations of Conics (Pages 793−795) The graph of the polar equation r = ep/(1 + e cos θ)

is a conic with a vertical directrix to the right of the pole, where e > 0 is the eccentricity and | p | is the distance between the focus (pole) and the directrix. r = ep/(1 − e cos θ)

What you should learn How to write and graph equations of conics in polar form

The graph of the polar equation

is a conic with a vertical directrix to the left of the pole, where e > 0 is the eccentricity and | p | is the distance between the focus (pole) and the directrix. The graph of the polar equation r = ep/(1 + e sin θ)

is a conic with a horizontal directrix above the pole, where e > 0 is the eccentricity and | p | is the distance between the focus (pole) and the directrix.

Larson/Hostetler Precalculus/Precalculus with Limits Notetaking Guide IAE Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

186

Chapter 10

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Topics in Analytic Geometry

The graph of the polar equation

r = ep/(1 − e sin θ)

is a conic with a horizontal directrix below the pole, where e > 0 is the eccentricity and | p | is the distance between the focus (pole) and the directrix. Example 1: Identify the type of conic from the polar equation 36 r= , and describe its orientation. 10 + 12 sin θ

Hyperbola with a horizontal directrix above the pole

III. Applications (Page 796)

**Describe a real-life application of polar equations of conics. Answers will vary.
**

π/2 y π/2 y

What you should learn How to use equations of conics in polar form to model real-life problems

π/2 y

π

0 x

π

0 x

π

0 x

3π/2 π/2 y

3π/2 π/2 y

3π/2 π/2 y

π

0 x

π

0 x

π

0 x

3π/2

3π/2

3π/2

Homework Assignment

Page(s) Exercises

Larson/Hostetler Precalculus/Precalculus with Limits Notetaking Guide IAE Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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