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The Fifth Pennsylvania Battalion of 1776 (1987, unpublished, copy held in the collections

of the David Library of the American Revolution, Washington Crossing, Pa., U.S. Military
History Institute, Carlisle, Pa., and Spruance Library, Bucks County Historical Society,
Doylestown, Pa.). Including a 65 page narrative history, 5 page appendix and 31 page
addenda with 12 maps, 6 charts and 2 illustrations. Including A Brief Itinerary of the 6th
Pennsylvania Regiment of 1777 (unpublished, 1991):
Equipment and Clothing
Beginning of Active Service, June 1776
Action on Long Island, 27 to 30 August 1776
The American Evacuation of New York, 30 August to 16 September 1776
Council of War and Condition of the Army
Service on the Lines, 13 September to 8 October 1776
The British Move: Prelude to Fort Washington, 9 October to 4 November 1776
The Fall of Fort Washington, 18 October to 16 November 1776
Prisoners of War, 16 to 19 November 1776
Parole and Release of the Prisoners, 20 November 1776 to 2 June 1777
Chronology of the 5th Pennsylvania Battalion
Brief History of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment of 1777
Miscellaneous Information
Names and Service of 5th Pennsylvania Battalion Officers
Battalion Strength Returns, 28 May to 15 November 1776
Bibliography for Narrative
List of Muster Rolls and Sources for Same
Alphabetical Listing of Known Personnel
Material from Nathaniel Vansandt Papers
Letters to and from Thomas Mifflin and William Heath
List of 5th Pennsylvania Battalion Soldiers Likely Reenlisted in 6th Regiment of 1777

Perhaps against my better judgement here is the progenitor of a long, and still ongoing, list of historical
monographs I unknowingly embarked on in the mid 80s. This initial work has never been published,
really did not deserve to be, but does survive in my own personal copy and in copies I donated to several
libraries. In the end, it seems to have been a good introduction to researching the armies of the period. At
the very least it taught me to save interesting tidbits of information discovered while looking into a totally
unrelated subject; in this manner I ran across and stored away material on camp followers, blankets, tents,
ad hoc shelters, etc., that formed the core for later monographs.
This project also served me as a primer in constructing and organizing a narrative, primitive though it
was. The last relatively substantial bit of writing Id done was in 1974, a report on Eleanor Roosevelt for
my 12th grade psychology class. As I recall, it was a fair paper and got a decent grade, but didnt make
much a dent in the literature of the time. So, in the end, not having gone to college after high school, I
owe whatever small writing ability I can claim to my early penchant for reading avidly, an affinity for
words and correct spelling, blind tenacity (aka, stubborn singlemindedness), and the ability to take
constructive criticism happily. I am extremely grateful to those who were kind enough to provide that
crucial criticism; they are, in chronological order, Don Hagist, Holly Mayer, and Sandy Oliver, all whom
shared invaluable advice and plied their red pens with good will. I also must thank serendipity, which was
responsible for my family moving to Bucks County (Wrightstown) in 1955, and then to our purchasing a
home in Solebury Township. Each location is only a fifteen minute drive from the David Library of the
American Revolution, nirvana for anyone interested in the period.
Before I close this, I should try to explain why on earth I ever embarked on such a quixotic journey.
Having joined a War for American Independence living history unit in 1984, they soon decided to change

their militia portrayal to that of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment. No one could tell me much, if anything,
about the original unit. Having learned that the 6th Regiment was originally the 5th Pennsylvania Battalion,
it only made sense to begin there. The ensuing research made me aware of other avenues pertaining to the
daily workings of the Revolutionary armies. I was curious. I followed my nose and found many intriguing
side paths. I kept asking questions
John Rees, Solebury, Pa. 20 November 2015
An up-to-date (or relatively so) list of my writings may be accessed at this link:

World of the Common Soldier

(Master List of Articles and Monographs)

John U. Rees
136 North Sugan Road,
New Hope, Pa. 18938
Phone: (215) 862-2348
For information on the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment and the Pennsylvania battalions in 1781 see:
6th Pennsylvania Regiment, 1777
1. "Revolutionary Services of Captain John Markland"
2. "Brief History of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment of 1777"
3. "Return of Clothing delivered to NCOs and Privates of Capt. Jacob Bowers Company, 6th
Pennsylvania Regt. in 1777 " (Transcribed by John U. Rees)
`Their presence Here Has Saved this State : Continental Provisional Battalions with Lafayette in
Virginia, 1781
Part 1. `This Detachement is Extremely Good : The Light Battalions Move South
A. `The Fire of the Light Infantry cheked the Enemys Progress : Light Battalion Composition
and Service
B. `Ill founded jealousies, and groundless suspicions. : Unrest in the Light Battalions
C. `The Cloathing you long ago Sent to the light infantry is not Yet Arrived.: Apparel and

The Brigade Dispatch, vol. XXXVI, no. 2 (Autumn 2006), 2-23.
Appendices for Above
1. Diary of Soldier with Lafayettes Light Infantry, 1781
2. Asa Redington, Scammells Light Infantry Regiment, 1781
3. Barbers Light Battalion, 1781 (New Jersey Light Company Personnel)

`Their presence Here Has Saved this State : Continental Provisional Battalions with
Lafayette in Virginia, 1781
Parts 2-4. `Almost all old soldiers, and well disciplined : Brigadier General Anthony
Waynes 1781 Pennsylvania Provisional Battalions
A. I fear it is now too late : The Pennsylvania Line Mutiny, January 1781
B. Our Regiments are yet but very small : Settling with the Troops and
Rebuilding the Line
C. The whole Line behaved in a most orderly manner.: Organizing and
Disciplining the Pennsylvania Provisional Battalions for the 1781 Campaign
The Brigade Dispatch, vol. XXXVII, no. 2 (Summer 2007), 2-19; vol. XXXVII, no. 4 (Winter
2007), 2-15; vol. XXXVIII, no. 1 (Spring 2008), 2-21.
Appendices for Above
1. `A Smart firing commencd from from both parties : Brig. Gen. Anthony Waynes
Pennsylvania Battalions in Virginia, June to November 1781
A. We will be much inferior to the enemy : May 31 to July 5 1781
B. A charge under a heavy fire of Grape shot :
Battle of Green Springs, 6 July 1781
C. Cornwallis threatens every Devastation that fire & sword can produce :
Marching and Countermarching, 9 July to 25 August
D. The batteries were opened and fired with great success :
September to November 1781
E. The Cloathing was drawn near twelve month ago :
1780-1781 Pennsylvania Clothing, Letters and Returns
2. `The British army marched out and grounded their arms : Pennsylvania Lt. William
Feltmans Diary, 26 May to 5 November 1781

3. `Pennsylvania Battalion Troop Returns, 1781-1783:

(In Camp and on Campaign in Pennsylvania, Virginia, and South Carolina)