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Project Title:

Background of the Problem


A. Situational Analysis
The top three problems in Block 25, Barangay St. Peter II, Dasmarias City, Cavite
are as follows (in descending order of prioritization): high prevalence of hypertension, high
annual population growth rate, and high prevalence of acute respiratory infections. The
scoring system used was based on the WHO Criteria for Problem Prioritization which
focuses on the magnitude of the problem, vulnerability of the problem to technology, social
concern about the problem, and existing health policies to address the problem. The high
prevalence of hypertension is the first priority problem (Score=8) because it comprises
35.71% of all the diseases in the community, which is worse than national health
standards, and there is a high prevalence of hypertension in both males and females. It is
vulnerable to technology because there are a lot of available ways of prevention and
maintenance drugs that are widely available. There are existing policies and is strictly
implemented in the community. However, no household viewed the problem as a
community concern. High annual population growth rate has a score of 8 due to an annual
population growth rate of 13.9, and many are not knowledgeable in family planning despite
the presence of policies that already address this matter. Hypertension was chosen over
high population growth rate as the main problem in the community because although it is
the most prevalent morbidity among the residents, they still dont see it as a community
concern. Drugs and technology are readily accessible to the public. High prevalence of
acute respiratory infections ranked last priority (Score=7) because there are only 21.42%
affected by the disease. There are available technologies to solve the problem and
medications can easily be acquired in RHUs and drug stores.
B. Statement of the Priority Health Problem
The priority problem that is focused in this study is the inadequacy of knowledge on
the cause, risk factors, effects and symptoms of hypertension. The conducted problem
investigation also showed us the poor practices of the respondents regarding hypertension
and this can be due to the lack of knowledge regarding the importance of blood pressure
monitoring and maintenance of normal blood pressure hence this will also be explained in
the lecture. This project aims to give the respondents useful information regarding
hypertension and consequently reduce the prevalence of hypertension in the community.
C. Explanation of the Priority Health Problem

In the problem investigation conducted, this showed that on average, the


households have inadequate knowledge regarding risk factors of hypertension which is
51.28%. In terms of their knowledge about the causes of hypertension they got 71.79%
which is also inadequate. The household knowledge on the effects of hypertension is
inadequate which on the average was 53.85%. In regard to preventing hypertension they
got an adequate knowledge which is 78.02. Lastly, their knowledge with regard to the
symptoms of hypertension such as dizziness, headache and blurring of vision (69.23%) is
still inadequate.
With these values we can conclude that there is great necessity for education
regarding the risk factors, causes, effects and symptoms of hypertension among the
respondents. Adequate education can improve health seeking behaviour, attitude towards
a healthy lifestyle and the quality of life. Teaching the risk factors of hypertension will help
prevent the development of the disease among those who are at high risk of developing
hypertension and in return can reduce economic burden to the society and to the family.
Practices regarding hypertension also showed poor results. Survey showed that
appropriate practices for the prevention and control of hypertension were found inadequate
among respondents. This is evident in terms of the BP monitoring practices wherein only 7
(58.85%) of the respondents monitor their BP, 5 (38.46%) do the monitoring monthly. 6
(46.15%) of the respondents do not monitor their blood pressure and lack awareness of
their usual BP. There are only 4 (30.77%) of the population who exercise regularly and only
4 (30.77%) has normal BMI, many have low BMI. Among 6 hypertensives, there are 5
(83.33%) who are compliant to medications and 1 (16.68%) do not take the medications
regularly. Lectures or seminars about monitoring blood pressure, benefits of maintaining
blood pressure within normal levels, importance of physical activity and teaching them
DASH diet can be beneficial for the respondents to gain better practices on the
management of hypertension.
D. Relevance
Objectives
General Objective:
To increase the proportion of residents of Block 25, Brgy. St. Peter II with appropriate
knowledge regarding hypertension from 65% to 90% within a day.
Specific Objectives:

1. To increase the proportion of residents of Block 25, Brgy. St. Peter II who are
knowledgeable about the definition, causes and risk factors of hypertension from
61.53% to 90% within a day
2. To increase the proportion of residents of Block 25, Brgy. St. Peter II who are
knowledgeable about the signs and symptoms of hypertension from 69.23% to 90%
within a day
3. To increase the proportion of residents of Block 25, Brgy. St. Peter II who are
knowledgeable on the proper management and treatment of hypertension within a day
4. To increase the proportion of residents of Block 25, Brgy. St. Peter II who are
knowledgeable on the complications of untreated hypertension within a day
5. To increase the proportion of residents of Block 25, Brgy. St. Peter II who are
knowledgeable on the prevention of hypertension within a day
6. To increase the proportion of residents of Block 25, Brgy. St. Peter II who are
knowledgeable on the common herbal medicines used to treat hypertension within a
day
Methodology
A. Strategies
I.
Identification of Strategies
Health education with the purpose of positively influencing the health behaviour of
individuals is the strategy of choice for the respondents of Block 25, St. Peter II,
Dasmarias City, Cavite. Upon investigation, the main health problem identified was the
high prevalence of hypertension among the residents. Therefore, the focus of the health
education will be on the increasing awareness on the cause, risk factors, symptoms and
effects of hypertension, as well as reinforcing appropriate practices for the prevention and
control of hypertension. In line with this, giving of lectures, small group discussions and
pamphlets will be utilized for the health education.
The WHO criteria of (1) Potential impact, (2) potential scope, (3) feasibility, and (4)
social acceptability were taken into consideration for the selection of the most appropriate
method to approach the cause of the priority problem which were amenable to change.
II.

Prioritization of Strategies
The learning strategy chosen to be utilized for the residents of St. Peter II,

Dasmarinas City Cavite will be a lecture type of learning strategy to be made possible by
holding a big group lecture and pamphlet distribution.

According to Cantillon 2003,

providing lectures are efficient means to transfer knowledge and concepts to large groups
as it can be used to stimulate the interest, explain the concepts and provide core
knowledge and direct learning.

The lecture which will be requiring the active participation of the residents and the
visual aids will be used to aid in relaying the information to the participants and this will
show the aforementioned points to be discussed regarding hypertension. Pamphlet
distribution after the session will aid the participants in having a review on the basics
principles on knowledge and practices regarding hypertension. The advantage of giving out
pamphlets is that it will be available for the participants to read during their free time.
For the social concern, both big group lecture and pamphlet distribution are effective
means to get the attention of participants as well as achieving the objective of the group
which is to impart knowledge on hypertension. In the interview conducted, the respondents
showed a very good attitude about learning more of hypertension and this project is
expected to give positive outcomes after its implementation.
Video presentation will not be used because there will be more equipment needed
and is not feasible for the available resources.
Table 1. Prioritization of Learning Strategy According to its Potential Impact and
Scope, Feasibility and Social Acceptability of the Project Implementation in Brgy. St.
Peter II, Block 25, Dasmarias City, Cavite
STRATEGY

IMPACT

SCOPE

FEASIBILITY

SOCIAL

TOTAL
13

BIG GROUP

Visual aids

Large group

Less funds

ACCEPTABILITY
Active

LECTURE

will be of help

will be reached

and

participation of

in

simultaneously.

manpower

participants will

disseminating

(3)

will be

provide them

needed. (4)

opportunity to

information.
(3)

learn new
information and
ideas about

PAMPHLET

Rapid

Large group

DISTRIBUTIO

propagation

can be reached

of information

easily. (4)

VIDEO

Easy to

HPN. (3)
People can read

prepare and the pamphlet on


this can be

their free time

can be

produced in

and share the

possible by

large scale

knowledge

mass scale

at low cost.

learned to

distribution.

(3)

others as well.

More

(4)
The video may

(2)
A video

It can reach a

13

PRESENTATI

presentation

big group of

equipment

not be

ON

has more

people but may

needed. (1)

representative

impact on the

not be precise

of the

audience and

on the message

communitys

may get more

to convey. (1)

situation. (2)

attention. (4)

B. List of Activities and Resources Required


Table 2. List of Activities for the Implementation of the Health Education Project in
Brgy. St. Peter II, Block 25, Dasmarias City, Cavite
ACTIVITIES

Make session

Assigning of tasks

TARGET
DATE OF
COMPLETIO
N
November 3

PERSONS
RESPONSIBLE
Leader

Brainstorming
Budget allocation;

November 3

November 3

EVALUATION
INDICATOR

COMMED

Work assignments

Schedule and

are distributed

ISPs

among group

Pen and

members
Completion of a

paper/

project plan draft

Margaret Del

computer
Planned

Budget was

Rosario

activities

properly allocated

plan

Planning of activity;

RESOURCES
REQUIRED

All members

Estimate the total cost

for food, drinks

of the project

and materials
needed for the

Compilation and

November 12

Leader

printing

Computer and

lecture
Project plan

printer

compiled and

Submission of session

November 13

Leader

Accomplished

printed on time
Project plan

plan
Presentation of project

December 1

Leader/Member

session plan
Accomplished

submitted on time
Approval of

plan
Revision of project plan

December 4

s
All members

session plan
Approved

Project Plan
Compilation of

session plan,

Revised Project

computer and

Plan

report;
Brainstorming;

printer

Requisition

Printing
Requisition of Materials:

for training

Collection of Funds for

materials

planned activities (Php


110/member)
Purchase of materials

December 7

December 7

Graciela

Budget plan;

Total fund of

Guevarra

List of

P931.00 is

materials

collected

needed
Budget plan;

All materials

List of

needed are

materials

acquired

needed
Project Plan

Content of data is

Session Plan

complete and

Computer and

ready for lecture


Quizzes are

All members

needed for the activities

Analysis of content of

December 11

All members

data in the session plan


Making of Pre and Post

December 11

Ellaine Ignacio

lecture Quiz
Construct design and

December 11

Cassey

Printer
Purchased

prepared
Complete visual

Camama

materials;

aids such as

pamphlets, poster and

Computer and

pamphlets,

visual aids

Printer

posters and visual

Budget for

aids
Complete visual

materials;

aids such as

Computer and

pamphlets,

Printer

posters and visual

Budget for

aids
Completed

materials;

invitations to be

Computer and

given to the

Printer

respondents

Transportation

Invitations given to

layout for the

Make pamphlets,

December 11

All members

poster, and visual aids

Make invitations;

Dissemination of

December 11

All members

January 5

information and

respondents

materials to be given to
Conduct dry-

respondents
Reservation of a room

run

and equipment needed


for the dry-run
Conduction of Dry-Run
in front of preceptor

December 9

December 11

Leader

All members

Request

Reservation of the

Letter

venue

Laptop,

Finished Dry Run;

Venue, food
for the

Evaluation of the
Conducted Dry Run;

preceptors

Approval from the


preceptor to
proceed with the

Received approval from


Make
Arrangements
for training
venue

the Preceptor
Composition of Letter

teaching session
January 5

Leader

Computer

seeking captains

Printed letter of
Permission

permission for
conducting a session
plan;
Print the letter;

Printer

Informing BHWs about


the session;

Give the letter to the

January 5

Leader

appropriate authorities
in the barangay center
Reservation of venue

January 5

Philip Comia

for project plan

Printed Letter

Approval from the

of Permission;

Barangay Captain

Transportation
Printed Letter

Reservation of

of

venue for Project

Reservation

Plan

for the venue;


Disseminate

Give the invitations

January 5

All members

information to
participants
Preparation
for the
Teaching
Session

All respondent

Transportation

received the

Confirm availability of

January 8

Philip Comia

Transportation

invitations
Availability of

venue
Preparation of lecture

January 8

All members

Complete

venue confirmed
All the materials

visual aids

needed for

such as

Teaching Session

pamphlets

are prepared

and posters
Budget for

All the food and

Preparation of food and

food and

drinks for the

drinks

drinks

Session plan are

All materials

prepared
Content of the

materials

Purchase and

Implement

Transportation
Invitations;

Transport materials,

January 12

January 12

All members

All members

teaching

food, drinks and

for the lecture;

Session plan

sessions

presenters to venue;

All food and

followed

drinks for the


Teaching session

session plan

Objectives for the

Session plan were


Monitor

Processing of raw data;

January 22

All members

implementation

met
Feedback

Computer;
Pre-quizzes

Analysis of collected

and post

Drafting of Project

data;

quizzes

Implementation
Plan

Project Implementation
Final
evaluation

Evaluation Report
Feedback from

January 26

All members

preceptor;

Computer;

Done with

Printer

preceptorial

Final revision of project;

Final draft of
Project

Evaluation;

implementation

Report Printing

and evaluation
report submitted

C. Gantt Chart of Activities


Table 3. Gant Chart of Activities for the Implementation of the Health Education
Project in Brgy. St. Peter II, Block 25, Dasmarias City, Cavite
ACTIVITIES
PLANNING

st

1
wee
k

November
2nd
3rd
wee wee
k
k

1. Make a session
plan
Assigning of tasks
Planning of activity
Brain storming
Budget allocation
Estimate the total cost of
the project
Compilation and printing
Submission of session
plan
Presentation of project
plan
Revision of project
planning report:
Brain storming
Printing
2. Requisition of Training Materials
Requisition of Materials:
Collection of Funds for
planned activities (110

th

4
wee
k

st

1
wee
k

December
2nd
3rd
wee wee
k
k

th

4
wee
k

st

1
wee
k

January
2
3rd
wee wee
k
k
nd

4th
wee
k

Php/member)
Purchase of materials
needed for the activities
Analysis of content of
data in the session plan:
Making of Pre and Post
Lecture Quiz
Construct design and
layout for the
pamphlets, poster and
visual aids
Make pamphlets, poster
and visual aids
Make invitations /
dissemination of
information materials to
be given to respondents
3. Conduct Dry Run
Reservation of a room
and equipment needed
for the dry run
Conduction of Dry Run in
front of the Preceptor
Evaluation of the
Conducted Dry Run
Received
Approval from the
Preceptor
4. Make Arrangement for Training Venue
Composition of Letter
seeking captains
Permission for
conducting a session
plan and informing
BHWs about the session
Print the Letter
Give the Letter to the
appropriate authorities
in the barangay center
Reservation of venue for
project plan
5. Disseminate info to participants
Give the invitations
6. Preparation for the teaching session
Confirm availability of
venue
Preparation of lecture
materials
Purchase and
Preparation of food and
drinks
7. Implement teaching session
Transport materials,
food, drinks and
presenters to venue
Teaching session

8. Monitor Implementation
Processing of raw data
Analysis of collected
data
Project Implementation
Evaluation Report
9. Final Evaluation
Feedback from
preceptor;
Final revision of project;
Evaluation;
Report Printing

D. Evaluation Indicators
Table 4. Evaluation Indicators for the Implementation of the Health Education Project
in Brgy. St. Peter II, Block 25, Dasmarias City, Cavite

Formative Evaluation
Planning
Success Indicator
1. Preparation and submission of Members which are assigned for this
Letter

of

Approval

Barangay

Captain

to

the was able to send the letter which is

regarding composed

the holding of a small group signature


discussion

of
to

the

approval

and

the

office

the

of

tackling Barangay Captain

Hypertension

which

is

the

priority problem of Block 25.


2. Preparation and submission of The session plan is submitted for
session plan for approval
checking and approval
3. Submission of revised session Necessary changes in the session
plan
plans are made
4. Preparation of the invitation for Samples of invitations to be used in
the lecture

the activity are made ready and

5. Dissemination
prepared

of

invitations

intended
(hypertensive
individuals)
6. Reservation
lecture proper

the

subjected for approval


13 The invitations were distributed to

to

the each household with hypertension

audience and high risks individuals


and
of

high
venue

risk
for Venue for the project implementation
is reserved

Implementation
Success Indicator
1. Preparation of the materials Materials are pleasant to the eye and
needed for the lecture proper can be easily understood by the
and snacks after the lecture is participants
conducted
2. Registration
respondents

Snacks are cost-effective and would


of

the

before

suffice for all the participants


13 The actual number of participants
the registered before the program (total

commencement of the health of 13)


education project which would
be in a form of a big group
discussion
3. Big group discussion will be Pre-test papers were answered
conducted for a total of 90 The lecture should be concise with
minutes, this would include the little to no extension
pre-test,

lecture

proper, Post-test papers should be done to

demonstration of getting BP show


and post-test administration
4. 13

To

pamphlets

will

whether

the

participants

learned from the lecture the proper


knowledge regarding Hypertension
be Actual number of pamphlets were

distributed during the lecture


distributed
Summative Evaluation
increase the proportion of Effect: Actual

increase

in

the

residents of Block 25, Brgy. St. Peter proportion of the residents of Block
II

with

appropriate

knowledge 25, Brgy. St. Peter II with appropriate

regarding hypertension from 65% to knowledge


90% within a day.

regarding

hypertension

within a day, as reflected in the


results of the post-test in comparison
to the pre-test and their previous
state

of

knowledge

determined

during

which

was

problem

investigation
Impact: Decrease in prevalence of

Hypertension in Block 25 Brgy, St.


Peter II, Dasmarinas, Cavite

E. Budget Proposal
The total budget for the project implementation in Brgy. St. Peter II, Block 25,
Dasmarias City, Cavite is 931. The budget will include all the expenses needed for the
project. Around 13 attendees are expected to participate in the health education project.
Table 5. Proposed Budget for the Implementation of the Health Education Project in
Block 114 Brgy. St. Peter II, Block 25, Dasmarias City, Cavite to be implemented on
January 2016
ITEM/NATURE OF COST

TOTAL

UNIT PRICE TOTAL

NUMBER
Personnel cost
A.
Gift/Prizes
1. For AttendeesPrizes and token
a. Giveaways
b. Prizes

AMOUNT

100.00

15

20.00/each

300.00

20.00/each
Maintenance and Other Operating Expenses
A.
Communication
1. Printed Letter of Permission to the Barangay
Captain
2. Printed Invitation to the households (2 in 1)
B.
Travel Expenses
1. Invitation delivery (jeep)
2. Implementation day
C.
Materials and Supplies
1. Registration
a. Printed nametags for facilitators (sticker
b.
c.
2.
a.
b.
c.

paper)
Nametags for attendees (Sticker paper)
Marker
Lecture Discussion
Visual aids
Masking Tape
Cartolina

0.25/page* 0.00

20

0.25/page* 0.00

C/o school P 0.00

c/o school

0.00

1.00*

0.00

20
1

1.00*
40.00*

0.00
0.00

40
1
10

0.50/page 20.00
15.00*
0.00
7.00
70.00

d.
3.
a.
b.

Programme
Quiz/Evaluation
Pre and post quiz questionnaires
Ball point pens

4.
a.
5.
a.

Pamphlets
Long bond paper (brochure type)
Food
Juice (water and powder)

20

0.25*

20
15

0.25/page* 0.00
P 2.00
P 30.00

20

0.50*

0.00*

7.00

105.00

15.00

225.00

5.00*
1.00

0.00*
4.00
931.00

b. Sandwich
15
6. Others
a. Trash bag
1
b. Labels for giveaways (6 in 1)
4
TOTAL
* Sourced from: properties of the group members
Session Plan

0.00