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Technologocal Institute of the Philippines

363 P. Casal Street, Quiapo, Manila

P.E 003

Submitted by:
Manuel R. Alburo Jr.

Submitted to:
Ms. Shobie Roselle Vicente

History of Badminton

Games employing shuttlecocks have been played for centuries across Eurasia but the
modern game of badminton developed in the mid-19th century among the British as a variant of
the earlier game of battledore and shuttlecock. ("Battledore" was an older term for "racket".) Its
exact origin remains obscure. The name derives from the Duke of Beaufort's Badminton
House in Gloucestershire, but why or when remains unclear. As early as 1860, a London toy
dealer named Isaac Spratt published a booklet titled Badminton BattledoreA New Game but
unfortunately no copy has survived. An 1863 article in The Cornhill Magazine describes
badminton as "battledore and shuttlecock played with sides, across a string suspended some five
feet from the ground".The game may have originally developed among expatriate officers
in British India, where it was very popular by the 1870s. Ball badminton, a form of the game
played with a wool ball instead of a shuttlecock, was being played in Thanjavur as early as the
1850s and was at first played interchangeably with badminton by the British, the woolen ball
being preferred in windy or wet weather.

Early on, the game was also known as Poona or Poonah after the garrison town
of Pune, where it was particularly popular and where the first rules for the game were drawn up
in 1873. By 1875, returning officers had started a badminton club in Folkestone. Initially, the
sport was played with sides ranging from 14 players but it was quickly established that games
between two or four competitors worked the best. The shuttlecocks were coated withIndia
rubber and, in outdoor play, sometimes weighted with lead. Although the depth of the net was of
no consequence, it was preferred that it should reach the ground. The sport was played under the
Pune rules until 1887, when the J.H.E. Hart of the Bath Badminton Club drew up revised
regulations. In 1890, Hart and Bagnel Wild again revised the rules. The Badminton Association
of England published these rules in 1893 and officially launched the sport at a house called
"Dunbar" in Portsmouth on 13 September. The BAE started the first badminton competition,
the All England Open Badminton Championships for gentlemen's doubles, ladies' doubles, and
mixed doubles, in 1899. Singles competitions were added in 1900 and an England
Ireland championship match appeared in 1904.

England, Scotland, Wales, Canada, Denmark, France, Ireland, the Netherlands, and New
Zealand were the founding members of the International Badminton Federation in 1934, now
known as the Badminton World Federation.India joined as an affiliate in 1936. The BWF now
governs international badminton. Although initiated in England, competitive men's badminton
has traditionally been dominated in Europe by Denmark. Worldwide, Asian nations have become
dominant in international competition. China, Denmark, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, and South
Korea are the nations which have consistently produced world-class players in the past few
decades, with China being the greatest force in men's and women's competition recently.


Attacking clear : An offensive stroke hit deep into the opponent's court.
Backcourt : Back third of the court, in the area of the back boundary lines.
Backhand : The stroke used to return balls hit to the left of a right-handed player and to the right
of a left-handed player.
Base position : The location in the centre of the court to which a singles player tries to return
after each shot; also called "centre position".
Baseline : The back boundary line at each end of the court, parallel to the net.
Carry : An illegal stroke in which the shuttle is not hit, but caught and held on the racket before
being released; also called a "sling" or "throw".
Centre line : A line perpendicular to the net that separates the left and right service courts.
Clear : A shot hit deep into the opponent's court.
Doubles : A game where a team of two players play against another team of two.
Doubles sideline : The side boundary of a doubles court.
Drive : A fast and low shot that makes a horizontal flight over the net.
Drop shot : A shot hit softly and with finesse to fall rapidly and close to the net in the opponent's
Fault : A violation of the playing rules.
Feint : Any deceptive movement that disconcerts an opponent before or during the serve; also
called a "balk".

Flick : A quick wrist-and-forearm rotation used to surprise an opponent by changing an

apparently soft shot into a faster passing shot.
Forecourt : The front third of the court, between the net and the short service line.
Forehand : The stroke used to return a ball hit to the right of a right-handed player and to the left
of a left-handed player.
Game : The part of a set completed when one player or side has scored enough points to win a
single contest.
Hairpin net shot : A shot made from below and very close to the net and causing the shuttle to
rise, just clear the net, then drop sharply down the other side so that the flight of the shuttlecock
resembles the shape of a hairpin.
Halfcourt shot : A shot hit low and to midcourt, used effectively in doubles play against the upand-back formation.
High clear : A defensive shot hit deep into the opponent's court.
Kill : Fast downward shot that cannot be returned.
Let : A minor violation of the rules allowing a rally to be replayed.
Long Service Line : In singles, the back boundary line. In doubles a line 2-1/2 feet inside the
back boundary line. The serve may not go past this line.
Match : A series of games to determine a winner.
Midcourt : The middle third of the court, halfway between the net and the back boundary line.
Net shot : A shot hit from the forecourt that just clears the net and drops sharply.
Passing shot : A shot which passes the opposing player or team.
Push shot : A gentle shot played by pushing the shuttlecock with a little wrist motion.
Rally : The exchange of shots that decides each point.
Serve : The stroke used to put the shuttlecock into play at the start of each rally; also called a
Service court : The area into which a service must be delivered. Different for singles and
Set : To choose to extend a game beyond its normal ending score if the score is tied with one
point to go.
Short service line : The front line of the service courts 1.98 metres from the net. Singles : A game
where one player plays against another player.
Singles sideline : The side boundary of a singles court.
Smash : A hard-hit overhead shot that forces the shuttle sharply downwards into the opponent's

Wood shot : A legal shot in which the shuttle hits the frame of the racket.

Facilities and Equipment


The badminton racket is one of the most important tools a player has in the game.
Badminton rackets are much lighter than most other sports rackets because they are made from

materials such as carbon fiber or lighter metals such as aluminum. Parts of the racket include the
head, throat, shaft and handle with a maximum length of 27.77 inches and a width of 9 inches. It
Strings that are stretched across the opening of the racket in a checkerboard pattern, which acts
as the hitting surface. Badminton rackets can vary widely in cost depending on whether they are
purchased as part of a basic backyard set or as more expensive professional models.


The badminton shuttlecock, also referred to as a shuttle or birdie, acts similarly to a ball
in other racket sports. However, the design of the birdie creates more drag as it is propelled
through the air due to its feathered shape. The shuttlecock is made up of a cone shape with a hard
cork at its tip. Shuttlecocks can be made from a variety of materials -- more expensive models
are actually made from feathers, and less expensive models are made from plastic feathers. The
shuttle has 16 feathers attached to the base and the length of the feathers range between 2.44 and
2.75 inches.


A mesh net divides the badminton court into two sides. A badminton net is placed lower
than a volleyball net at five feet and one inch high on the sides and five feet high in the center.
The length may vary depending on whether doubles or singles are playing, with singles reaching
17 feet and doubles reaching 22 feet. The net is 30 inches wide with a 3-inch white tape doubled
over the top.

Basic Skills
In badminton, a grip is a way of holding the racquet in order to hit shots during a match.
The most commonly used grip is the orthodox forehand grip. Most players change grips during a
rally depending on whether it is a forehand or backhand shot. A grip is also the wrapping around
the handle of the racquet. There are many types and varieties of grips; the texture, thickness,
color, material and surface (flat or waved) are all factors that make grips unique.

The service is the shot that starts a play or rally. When the server is serving even points
he must stand in the right-hand half of his service court; when the server is serving odd points, he
must stand in the left-hand half. In doubles, the non-server can stand anywhere on his side of
the net. The receiver must not move until the server has served. The server must: keep both
players apart while serving, as must the receiver while receiving; be within the boundaries of the
service court, touching no lines; hit the base of the shuttle first; make initial contact with the
shuttle below the server's waist; have all the racket's head clearly below the hand that holds the
shuttle at the moment of contact; serve in a continuous motion.

Types of Service
1.Low Serve

2.High Serve

3.Flick Serve

4.Drive Serve

Steps are the most natural element of badminton movement. Everyone knows how to put
one foot in front of the other!But in badminton, you need to be comfortable stepping
in all directions: forwards, backwards, sideways, and diagonally. Everyone is comfortable
stepping forwards; but ask people to step backwards quickly and without looking, and youll find
few people who succeed on their first attempt.
A chass is an alternative movement to a step. Which is better? Well, they are different
movements, and all good players will use both; to compare their virtues, read about steps vs.
chasss.To perform a chass, step out with one foot and then bring the other foot in the same
directionbut do not cross your feet. In a chass, one foot leads while the other foot follows.
The leading foot is always ahead of the following foot.
A hitch is a fast, short movement along the ground that uses mainly the ankles.
Jumps can be in any direction. You can push off with one or two feet, and land with one

or two feet (a two-footed landing is greatly preferred when possible, because its kinder on your
Lunges are useful in all corners of the court, but especially at the front. Lunges can be in
any direction, but you always lunge in the direction you are moving.
Split Drop
The split drop is a technique for making a quick start, when you dont know in advance
which way you will need to go.