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I.

ALLOWABLE SOIL BEARING CAPACITY FROM SPT (Standart Penetration Test)


As according to (Joseph E. Bowles, 1982), following the equations to obtain allowable bearing capacity
related to Standar Penetration Test Report (SPT) of cohesive soil ;
Where,
q_a=N/F_1 K_d
For
: Allowable bearing pressure for H = 25 mm
qa

BF_4
q_a=N/F_2 ((B+F_3)/B)^2K_d For
B>F_4
K_d=1+0.33 D/B

1.33

N
B
F

: SPT blow count


: Foundation lateral base dimension
: F Factor
: As suggested by Meyerhof (1965)

N is the statical average value for the footing influence zone of about (0.5B) above
In this equations
footing base to at least (2B) below. F factor in (SI unit ) shall be use following table;
FFACTOR

N55

N70

F1
F2
F3
F4

0.05
0.08
0.30
1.20

0.04
0.06
0.30
1.20

II.

ALLOWABLE SOIL BEARING CAPACITY CALCULATION SHEET


Based on soil investigation data, given following design parameter ;
D
N
L/B

Foundation design Depth


Average SPT blow count
Ratio L/B

:
:
:

Lateral Base Dimension

2.5
30
1
1- Bn

As according to SPT report of cohesive soil

meter
Average of N from 0.5 B above to 2 B Below
1 = Square Footing)
Range of Base dimension

(Info from site)

SPT Data of : Site Info


and proposed Initial design as follow:

N
D

=
=

30 Average in influence zone


2.5 Where "N" value nearly

Allowable Bearing Capacity


1000

constant or increasing
800

B
0.0

1+(0.33 D/B)

qa_N30 *
798 kPa

600

1.0
m
1.3
798 kPa
400
1.2
m
1.3
798 kPa
2.0
m
1.3
660 kPa
200
3.0
m
1.3
579 kPa
4.5
m
1.2
505 kPa
0
5.0
m
1.2
491 kPa
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
* The computed of allowable soil pressure is for an assumed 25-mm settlement (Mayerhof 1956,1974)
In general the allowable pressure for any settlement Hj , is :

q_a=(H_j)/
(H_0 ) q_a
qa

: Allowable bearing pressure for H0 = 25 mm

qa'
H

: Allowable bearing pressure for Hj = .. mm


: Foundation Settlement

Conclusion.(1);

D
B
Hj

2.5
4.0

m
m

15

mm

qa
qa'

#N/A kPa
#N/A kPa

III.

STATIC PILE CAPACITY


All static pile capacities can be computed by following equations;

P_u=P_pu+P_si
P_u=P_P+P_(si.u)
T_u= P_(si.u)
+W_P

Pu
Tu
Ppu
Psi
Pp
Wp

=
=
=
=
=
=

Ultimate maximum pile capacity in compression


Ultimate pullout capacity
Ultimate tip pile capacity
Skin resistance developing with ultimate tip resistance
Tip capacity that develops simultaneously with psi,u
Weight of pile

The allowable pile capacity Pa and Ta is obtained from applaying a suitable SF on a contributing part,
Calculated Ultimate Pile Capacity as according to Standar Penetration Test (SPT) data, shall be use following
Equations (Mayerhof 1956,1976)

Skin Resistance of pile in cohesive soil computer by following equations (Vesic 1975);

P_si
= A_(s )f_s

f_s=X_(m.) N

Xm
N

As according to SPT report of cohesive soil

= 2.0 for piles with large volume displacement


= 1.0 for small-volume piles
= Statical average of the blow count in the stratum

(site info)

and proposed Initial design as follow:

N
B
Lb
SF

=
=
=
=

### Average in influence zone


0.5 Pile diameter (m)
7.0 Pile penetration depth (m)
3

A_p
=(B^2)/4
A_s
Wp

=L_bB
= Ap x Lb x

0.2 m

11 m
32.3 kN

P_pu=A_p (40.N) L_b/B A_p


(380.N)

2237 kN

Psi = (As x fs)


Pu =

=
=

330 kN
2567 kN

=
=

856 kN
85.6 Ton

=
=

362 kN
36.2 Ton

7.27 Ton

P_a=P_u/SF

Allowable pile capacity

T_u= P_(si.u)
+W_P

Ha

0.85 x 10% Pa

5.2.1 ALLOWABLE SOIL BEARING CAPACITY


5.2.1.1 Bearing Capacity From SPT (Standar Penetration Test) For Spread Footing
As according to (Joseph E. Bowles, 1982), following the equations to obtain allowable bearing capacity
related to Standar Penetration Test Report (SPT) of cohesive soil ;
Where,
q_a=N/F_1 K_d
For
: Allowable bearing pressure for H = 25 mm
qa

BF_4
q_a=N/F_2 ((B+F_3)/B)^2K_d For
B>F_4
K_d=1+0.33 D/B

In this equations

1.33

N
B
F

: SPT blow count


: Foundation lateral base dimension
: F Factor
: As suggested by Meyerhof (1965)

is the statical average value for the footing influence zone of about (0.5B) above

footing base to at least (2B) below. F factor in (SI unit ) shall be use following table;
FFACTOR

N55

N70

F1
F2
F3
F4

0.05
0.08
0.30
1.20

0.04
0.06
0.30
1.20

5.2.1.2 Bearing Capacity From CPT (Cone Penetration Test) For Spread Footing
As according to Mayerhof (1956) the allowable bearing capacity of cohesion soil (c =
subtitution for "qc" as follow

soil) by making

N_55=
q_c/4

The allowable bearing capacity shall be calculated as similarly done for direcly obtained SPT "N" value.
Hence the the allowable bearing capacity equations of cohesion soil, can be expressed as follow:
Where,
q_a=q_c/30
: Allowable bearing pressure for H = 25 mm
qa
B F_4

qc
B
F

q_a=q_c/50 [(B+F_3)/B]^2
B> F_4

: Average cone bearing preassure kg/cm2


: Foundation lateral base dimension
: F Factor

5.2.1.3 Bearing Capacity From Laboratory Data


The estimate of soil bearing capacity can be obtained based on laboratory report data.
Mayerhof (1951,1963) proposed a bearing capacity equation as follows:
Vertical Load
Incleaned Load

q_ult=C.N_C S_C d_C+(q.)N_q S_q d_q+0.5. B^


N_ S_ d_
q_ult=C.N_C d_C i_C+(q.)N_q d_q i_q+0.5. B^
N_ d_ i_

Bearing Capacity Factor

N_q =e^(.tan )

tan ^2 [45+/2]

N_(c ) =[N_q-1] cos


N_ =[N_q-1] tan[1.4 ]
Bearing Capacity Factor can be obtaned based on soil angle internal friction value. Generally the

bearing capacity factor expressed on following table:

Table : Bearing Capacity Factor (Mayerhof)

Nc

Nq

5.14

1.00

0.00

6.49

1.60

0.07

10

8.34

2.50

0.37

15

10.97

3.90

1.113

20

14.83

6.40

2.87

25

20.71

10.70

6.79

26

22.25

11.80

7.96

28

25.79

14.70

11.17

30

30.13

18.40

15.67

32

35.47

23.20

22.05

34

42.14

29.40

31.10

36

50.55

37.70

44.36

38

61.31

48.90

64.03

40

75.25

64.10

93.55

45

133.73 134.70 262.40

50

266.50 318.50 872.32

1000.00
900.00
.

800.00
700.00
600.00
500.00
400.00

N
c
N
q

300.00
200.00
100.00
0.00
0

10

20

30

40

50

Shape, depth and inclination factor for the Mayerhof bearing-capacity equations
For = 0,
shape factor sq = s =1 , depth factor dq = d = 1 and inclination factor i = 0
Shape Factor

S_C=1+0.2K_p B/L
'
S_q=S_=1+0.1K_p B/L
>10

For Any

K_p= tan ^2
[45+/2]

For

Depth Factor

d_C=1+0.2(K_p ) D/B
Any '
d_q=d_=1+0.1(K_p ) D/B
>10
Inclination Factor

For
For

i_C=i_q=[1-()/(90)]^2
For Any '
i_=[1-()/()]^2
For >0

= Angle of Resultante R

60

5.2.2 ALLOWABLE SOIL BEARING CAPACITY CALCULATION SHEET


Based on soil investigation data, given following design parameter ;
D
N

Foundation design Depth


Average SPT blow count

:
:

2
24

qc

Average CPT Value

49.5

C
L/B

Soil Bulk Density


Angle of Internal Friction
Soil Cohesion
Ratio L/B

:
:
:
:

Lateral Base Dimension

1.81
18.1
0.41
1
1- Bn

meter
Average of N from 0.5 B above to 2 B Below
Average of "qc" from 0.5 B above to 1.1 B Below
gr/cm3

kg/cm2
1 = Square Footing)
Range of Base dimension

5.2.2.1 Bearing Capacity From SPT Data


As according to SPT report of cohesive soil

(see attachment 1-1)

SPT Data of : Bore Hole 1


and proposed Initial design as follow:
=
24 Average in influence zone
N

B
0.0

Allowable Bearing Capacity

Where "N" value nearly


constant or increasing

700

qa_N24 *
638 kPa

500

1+(0.33 D/B)

600
400

1.0
m
1.3
638 kPa
300
1.2
m
1.3
638 kPa
200
2.0
m
1.3
528 kPa
100
3.0
m
1.2
443 kPa
3.5
m
1.2
420 kPa
0
5.0
m
1.1
382 kPa
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
* The computed of allowable soil pressure is for an assumed 25-mm settlement (Mayerhof 1956,1974)
In general the allowable pressure for any settlement Hj , is :

q_a=(H_j)/
(H_0 ) q_a
qa

: Allowable bearing pressure for H0 = 25 mm

qa'
H

: Allowable bearing pressure for Hj = .. mm


: Foundation Settlement

Conclusion.(1);
2
D

B
Hj

4.0

15

mm

qa
qa'

#N/A kPa
#N/A kPa
* User input as design proposal

5.2.2.2 Bearing Capacity From CPT Data


As according to CPT report of cohesive soil

(see attachment 1-1)

Average of qc value from B/2 above to 1.1 B below the footing base is :
CPT Data of : CPT - S4
and proposed Initial design as follow:

qc
D

=
=

###Average "qc"
kg/cm2
2
Where "qc" value nearly
constant or increasing

B
0.0

qa_qc49.5 *
162 kPa

Allowable Bearing Capacity


200
150

100
1.0
m
162 kPa
1.2
m
162 kPa
50
2.0
m
128 kPa
3.0
m
117 kPa
3.5
m
114 kPa
0
5.0
m
109 kPa
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
* The computed of allowable soil pressure is for an assumed 25-mm settlement (Mayerhof 1956,1974)

5.2.2.3 Bearing Capacity From Laboratory Data


As according to Lab Test report of soil

C
D

=
=
=
=

17.8

###
40.5
2.0

kN/m3

(see attachment 1-1)

Bulk Density of Soil

kPa

Angle of Internal Friction


Soil Cohesion

meter

Foundation Depth

Following design parameter, obtained by Table Bearing Capacity Factor


Nc
Nq
14.8 6.4
B

2.9

(q_
)
1.9 a35.5

Kp

(q_a )=. :
D
:

Angle of Resultant

Sc

Sq

Sy

dc

dq

dy

ic

iq

1.4
1.4

1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2

1.6
1.5

1.3
1.2

1.3
1.2

1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0

1
1

1.4
1.4

1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2

1.3
1.2

1.1
1.1

1.1
1.1

1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0

1.4
1.4

1.2
1.2

1.2
1.2

1.2
1.1

1.1
1.1

1.1
1.1

1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0

iy

q ult

qa

1670

557

1670
1588

557
529

1
1

1435
1376

478
459

1
1

1366
1366

455
455

0 0
1.0
1.2
2.0
3.0
3.5
5.0

1.0
1.2
2.0
3.0
3.5
5.0

CONCLUTION,
Based on soil bearing capacity calculation, taking the minimum soil bearing capacity as design parameter
qa

114 kPa

5.2.3 STATIC PILE CAPACITY


All static pile capacities can be computed by following equations;

P_u=P_pu+P_si
P_u=P_P+P_(si.u)
T_u= P_(si.u)
+W_P

Pu
Tu
Ppu
Psi
Pp
Wp

=
=
=
=
=
=

Ultimate maximum pile capacity in compression


Ultimate pullout capacity
Ultimate tip pile capacity
Skin resistance developing with ultimate tip resistance
Tip capacity that develops simultaneously with psi,u
Weight of pile

The allowable pile capacity Pa and Ta is obtained from applaying a suitable SF on a contributing part,
Calculated Ultimate Pile Capacity as according to Standar Penetration Test (SPT) data, shall be use following
Equations (Mayerhof 1956,1976)

Skin Resistance of pile in cohesive soil computer by following equations (Vesic 1975);

P_si
= A_(s )f_s

f_s=X_(m.) N

Xm
N

As according to SPT report of cohesive soil

= 2.0 for piles with large volume displacement


= 1.0 for small-volume piles
= Statical average of the blow count in the stratum

(see attachment 1-1)

and proposed Initial design as follow:

N
B
Lb
SF

=
=
=
=

### Average in influence zone


0.6 Pile diameter (m)
6.0 Pile penetration depth (m)
3

A_p
=(B^2)/4
A_s
Wp

=L_bB
= Ap x Lb x

= 0.28 m

P_pu=A_p (40.N) L_b/B A_p


(380.N)

2685 kN

= 11.3 m

Psi = (As x fs)


Pu =

=
=

283 kN
2967 kN

989 kN

323 kN

39.9 kN

P_a=P_u/SF

Allowable pile capacity

T_u= P_(si.u)
+W_P

LOADING DATA
SUPPORT REACTIONS (Applied to tower) DEAD LOAD
Dead Load
Fx
Load Case
Node
FX
FY
FZ
MX
MY
MZ
h
2000
2973 -41.177 -79.858 -383.187
-3.508
10.009
-1.106
GWT
2974 -78.036
38.725 -353.365
9.390
1.867
-1.256
2975 -66.229 111.516 527.811
4.697
12.328
-1.306
H
2976 -120.377 -74.105 600.935
-14.886
6.195
-1.463
hw
Resultant
-305.82
-3.722 392.194 645.535 -11744 1065.17 at centroid
SUPPORT REACTIONS (Applied to tower) LIVE LOAD
Load Case
Node
FX
FY
FZ
MX
2100
2973
-0.001
0
0
0
2974
0
0
0
0
2975
0
0
0
0
2976
0
0
0
0
L
Resultant
-0.001
0
0
0

MY
0
0
0
0
0

Live Load
MZ
0
0
0
0
-0.006 at centroid

SUPPORT REACTIONS (Applied to tower) WIND LOAD


Load Case
Node
FX
FY
FZ
MX
2200
2973
-7.750 -10.429 -47.453
-0.202
2974
7.750 -10.429
47.453
-0.202
2975
7.878 -10.314 -47.505
-0.226
2976
-7.878 -10.314
47.505
-0.226
Resultant
0 -41.486
0 1197.99

MY
0.799
-0.799
-0.779
0.779
0

Wind Load
MZ
-0.170
-0.170
0.163
0.163
3.065 at centroid

SUPPORT REACTIONS (Applied to tower) EARTHQUAKE LOAD


Load Case
Node
FX
FY
FZ
MX
MY
2300
2973
18.504
18.801
84.188
0.303
-0.360
2974
6.884
3.011
11.146
-1.277
0.884
2975
2.705
6.553
10.541
-0.860
1.194
2976
15.011
14.700 -62.811
0.000
0.052
Resultant
43.064
43.064
43.064 -925.947 933.518

Earthquake
MZ
0.010
0.686
-0.668
0.009
-7.571 at centroid

Fz

My

B
y
x

1. FOUNDATION SCHEME OF LOADING

SUMARRY LOADING DATA


Load Case
Dead Load
Live Load
Wind Load
Earthquake
Summary Load

Max Compress Load


Load in (kN)
Moment in (kN.m)
FX
FY
FZ
MX
MY
MZ
-120.377 -74.105 600.935 -14.886
6.195
-1.463
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
-7.878 -10.314
47.505
-0.226
0.779
0.163
18.504
18.801
84.188
0.303
-0.360
0.010
-109.751

-65.618

732.628

-14.809

6.614

-1.290

Max Tension Load


Load in (kN)
Moment in (kN.m)
FX
FY
FZ
MX
MY
MZ
-41.177 -79.858 -383.187
-3.508
10.009
-1.106
-0.001
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
-7.750 -10.429 -47.453
-0.202
0.799
-0.170
15.011
14.700 -62.811
0.000
0.052
0.009
-33.917

-75.587

-493.451

-3.710

10.860

-1.267

APPENDIX A

Detailed Calculation Sheet 15


Issue:

DESIGN

Isolated Foundation Calculation (ACI 318M-95) Date:

Revised by:
Checked by:

275 BENGKAYANG SUBSTATION _ TOWER


INTERMEDIATE FOUNDATION

Project:

Page
1 of 3

DNS
DNS

** See the super structure support reaction or applied design load


Input Data
Max Compress Load
Max Tension / Up Lift Load
Loads (kN)
Loads (kN)
Mz
Mz
Fx
Fy
(kN.m)
Fx
Fy
(kN.m)
Dead
141
###
16 Dead
90
38311
Live
2.50
Live
h
Wind
13
48
1 Wind
13
471
E
4.22
4.22
E
4.22
4.22
Sum
###
### 16.93 Sum
107.06 -426.42
11.43
Foundation Level
**
Fx is a horizontal resultant loadH
H (mm)
2000 h (mm)
300
hw (mm)
0 L/B
1
Pedestal Dimension
x (mm)
600 z (mm)
600
Concrete Strength
f'c (N/mm2)
18.75
Steel Strength
fy (N/mm2)
400
Allowable Soil Pressure
qa (kN/m2)
114
Base Soil angle of internal friction
30

Fy

Fx

Mz

GWT

hw
L
z
x

Ultimate Loads (ACI 9.2.)


Load Case
Factors
Fux (kN) =
Fuy (kN) =
Muz (kN.m) =

0.9D+1.3W
1.4D+1.7L
0.9
1.3
1.4
1.7
144.09453418 197.901640675
602.598
845.559
15.5657122621 22.5730636193

0.75(1.4D+1.7L+1.7W)
1.05
1.275 1.275
164.9738188781
694.738125
17.963976772

0.75(1.4D+1.7L+1.87E)
1.05
1.275 1.403
154.3447805062
640.0878
16.9297977145

Approximate Base Dimensions B & L Based on Unfactored Loads (ACI 15.1


Approximate Base Dimensions

B (mm)

#VALUE!

L (mm)

#VALUE!

User Input Dimensions

B (mm)

3500

L (mm)

3500

Approximate Footing Effective Depth d Assuming Punching Shear Governs (ACI 11.12)
Load Case

*qumax (kN/m2)

97.75

135.88

112.33

104.30

d (mm)

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!
d (mm)
D (mm)

qu max

Fuy
Muz Fux ( H h)
6
LB
L2 B

User Input
Depth

#VALUE!
min 150mm (ACI 15.7.)
min cover 70mm (ACI 7.7.)

730
800

Foundation Weight Df (kN)


Concrete Slab
Pedestal
Soil above Slab
Saturated Soil

B * L * D * 25
245
x * y * (H+h - D) * 25
13.5
(B*L - x*y) * (H - hw) * 20
285.36
(B*L - x*y) * (hw - D) * (20-10)
0
Total Df (kN) = 543.86

d
d/2

qumin

q6

q5 q4

Net Ultimate Stresses Profile (kN/m2)


Load Case
qumax (kN/m2)
qumin (kN/m2)
q1 (kN/m2)
q2 (kN/m2)
q3 (kN/m2)
q4 (kN/m2)

1
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

2
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

3
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

4
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

d/2

q3 q2

q1

qumax

APPENDIX A
q5 (kN/m2)
q6 (kN/m2)

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Detailed Calculation Sheet 16


#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Issue:

DESIGN

Isolated Foundation Calculation (ACI 318M-95) Date:


275 BENGKAYANG SUBSTATION _ TOWER
INTERMEDIATE FOUNDATION

Project:

Page

0
DNS
DNS

Revised by:
Checked by:

2 of 3

CHECKING:
Contact Pressure
Fv (kN) =

Fy + Df

1199

qGP (gross pressure) (kN/m2) =


qGP =

124.58 kN/m2

qmax (kN/m2)

151.3

( 3qmax + qmin ) /4
> qa = 114.4

qmin (kN/m2)

NO

max , min

44.48

Fv M z Fx ( H h)

LB
BL2

Stability Against Overturning


Overturning moment =
Stabilizing moment =

Stabilizing moment
=
Overturning moment

Mz + Fx * (H + h)
Fv * (L/2)
5.498

381.62 kN.m
2098.3 kN.m

>

1.5

YES

>

1.5

YES

Stability Against Sliding

Fvtan
=
Fh

4.366

Check wide beam shear in the x-direction (ACI 11.3.)


Vc (kN) =
(1/6) * SQRT(fc) * B * d
Load Case
1
2
Vu (kN)* =
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
Vu / 0.85Vc
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
*Vu = 0.5 * (q1+qumax) * (L/2 - x/2 - d) * B
max Vu / 0.85Vc =

Check punching shear

###

1843.9
3
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
###

1.00

4
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

###

(ACI 11.12)

bo (mm) =

2 * [(x+d)+(y+d)]
5320
(1/3) * sqrt(f'c) * bo * d
( 1 + 2/(x/y) ) * (1/6) * SQRT(f'c) * bo * d
Vc (kN) = min of
((40 * d/bo) + 2) * (1/12)* SQRT(f'c) * bo * d
Load Case
1
2
3
Vu (kN)* =
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
Vu / 0.85Vc
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
*Vu (kN) = Fuy - (0.5 * (q2+q5)) * (x+d) * (y+d)
max Vu / 0.85Vc =

Reinforcement:

Mu 0.9 f y As ( d

###

0.59 f y As
f 'c B

###

1.00

5605.5
8408.2
Vc (kN) =
10494
4
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

5605.5

###

x - Direction
z - Direction
Bottom Reinforcement
Top Reinforcement
Bottom Reinforcement
Load Case
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
Mu (kN.m)*
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
As (cm2)=
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
r=
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
max r =
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
r min = 0.0018 (ACI 7.12.)
r max = 0.75 (0.85 f'c / fy) (600 / 600+
0.03 (ACI 10.3.2)
* x - direction moments:
Mu (Bottom R) = q3 * B * 0.5*(L/2-x/2)^2 + 0.5*(qumax-q3) * B * (2/3)*(L/2-x/2)^2
Mu (Top R) = qumin * B * 0.5 * (L/2-x/2)^2
(approximation)
* z - direction moment:
Mu (Bottom R) = 0.5*(qumax+qumin) * L * 0.5*(B/2-y/2)^2

APPENDIX A

Detailed Calculation Sheet 17

Issue:
Date:
Revised by:
Project:
275 BENGKAYANG SUBSTATION _ TOWER INTERMEDIATE FOUNDATION
Checked by:

DESIGN
0
DNS
DNS

Isolated Foundation Calculation (ACI)

Page
1 of 2

Allowable Uplift Force


T_u=2s_u H(B+L)+H^2 (2s_f B+L-B) K_u tan +W
S_f=1+m H/B

W = Total Df (k

= 543.86

Su = qa/2 (kN/m

= 57.221

Angle friction
Soil Density

Ratio "m"
Sf

K_u= tan ^2
=
( 45 ^0+/2)
K_u=(K_p )

30

20

0.05

value ratio "

0.9118

K_u=K_0=1-sin
Average(K_

0.5

uBowls
) sec 4-13
Josep E
m " Refers to interpolate30table**for

Tu (kN)
Ta (kN)

2657
1328

Fx =

1.536

Uplift Safety Facto 2


###
Uplift Load =

>

Fy =

hw = 300

3
1.7321

K_u=0.65+0.5

1.029

Ku = Kp

YES

655 kN
Mz =

159 kN

16.93 kN.m

GWT

H = 2000

As (cm2) =
### (in both directions)

hw = 0

D = 800

d = 730 mm

L = 3500 mm
As (cm2) = ### (z - direction)

B = 3500

y = 600

As (cm2) = ### (x - direction)

x = 600

APPENDIX A

* Dimensions are in mm

Detailed Calculation Sheet 18

Issue:
Date:
Revised by:
Project: 275 BENGKAYANG SUBSTATION _ TOWER INTERMEDIATE FOUNDATION
Checked by:

DESIGN
0
DNS

Isolated Foundation Calculation (ACI)

Page
1 of 2

DNS

Input Data
Loads (kN)
Px
Py
Dead
141.358 600.935
Live
0
2.5
Wind
12.9785 47.505
E
4.22
4.22
Sum 158.557 655.16

Concrete Strength
Foundation Properties
f'c (N/mm2) =
18.75
H (mm)
2000 h (mm)
Steel Strength
hw (mm)
0 L/B
fy (N/mm2) =
400
Pedestal Dimension
Allowable Soil Pressure
x (mm)
600 y (mm)
qa (kN/m2) = 114.4419845701
Base Soil angle of internal friction
30

Mz
(kN.m)
16.1236
0
0.81112
0
16.9347

300
1
600

Ultimate Loads (ACI 9.2.)


Load Case
Factors
Pux (kN) =
Puy (kN) =
Muz (kN.m) =

0.9D+1.3W
0.9
1.3
144.09453418
602.598
15.5657122621

1.4D+1.7L
1.4
1.7
197.901640675
845.559
22.5730636193

0.75(1.4D+1.7L+1.7W)
1.05
1.275
1.275
164.9738188781
694.738125
17.963976772

0.75(1.4D+1.7L+1.87E)
1.05
1.275
1.4025
154.3447805062
640.0878
16.9297977145

CHECKING:
Contact Pressure

qmax =

151.28 kN/m2

qmin =

qGP (gross pressure) (kN/m2) =


qGP =
Stability against
Overturning

Stability against
Sliding

Check Wide Beam


Shear

( 3qmax + qmin ) /4

124.58 kN/m2 > qa = 114.44 NO


kN.m
kN.m

Overturning moment

381.615

Stabilizing moment

2098.29

Stabilizing moment
=
Overturning moment

5.4984

>

1.5

YES

Fvtan
=
Fh

4.366

>

1.5

YES

Vc (kN)

max Vu (kN)

1843.912

#VALUE!

max Vu / 0.85Vc =
Check Punching
Shear

44.475 kN/m2

Vc (kN)
5605.494

#VALUE!

###

max Vu (kN)
#VALUE!

max Vu / 0.85Vc =

Load Case

###

###

1.00

###

Load Case
#VALUE!

###

1.00

###

Results:
Base Dimensions
B=
3500
L=
3500

mm
mm

d=
D=

730
800

mm
mm

Reinforcment

As (cm2) =
=

x - Direction
Bottom Reinforcement
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Top Reinforcement
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

z - Direction
Bottom Reinforcement
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Issue:
Date:
Revised by:
Project: 275 BENGKAYANG SUBSTATION _ TOWER INTERMEDIATE FOUNDATION
Checked by:

DESIGN
0
DNS
DNS

Isolated Foundation Calculation (ACI)

Page
2 of 2

Fy =655.16 kN
kN
Fx 158.56
=

hw = 300

Mz = 16.935 kN.m

GWT
H=
2000

As (cm2) = ###

hw = 0

D = 800

(in both directions)

d = 730 mm
L = 3500 mm

As (cm2) =

### (z - direction)

As (cm2) =

### (x - direction)

z
B = 3500
y = 600

x
x = 600

* Dimensions are in mm

SUPPORT REACTIONS (Applied to tower) DEAD LOAD


Case NodeFX
FY
FZ
MX
MY
MZ
2000 2973 -41.177 -79.858 -383.187
-3.508
10.009
-1.106
2974 -78.036
38.725 -353.365
9.39
1.867
-1.256
2975 -66.229 111.516 527.811
4.697
12.328
-1.306
2976 -120.377 -74.105 600.935 -14.886
6.195
-1.463
Resultant
-305.82
-3.722 392.194 645.535
-11744 1065.17 at centroid
SUPPORT REACTIONS (Applied to tower) LIVE LOAD
Case NodeFX
FY
FZ
MX
MY
2100 2973
2974
2975
2976
Resultant

-0.001
0
0
0
-0.001

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

MZ
0
0
0
0
0

SUPPORT REACTIONS (Applied to tower) WIND LOAD


Case NodeFX
FY
FZ
MX
MY
2200 2973
2974
2975
2976
Resultant

-7.75
7.75
7.878
-7.878
0

-10.429
-10.429
-10.314
-10.314
-41.486

-47.453
-0.202
47.453
-0.202
-47.505
-0.226
47.505
-0.226
0 1197.99

0
0
0
0
-0.006 at centroid

MZ

0.799
-0.799
-0.779
0.779
0

-0.17
-0.17
0.163
0.163
3.065 at centroid

SUPPORT REACTIONS (Applied to tower) EARTHQUAKE LOAD


Case NodeFX
FY
FZ
MX
MY
MZ
2300

29
2974
2975
2976
Resultant

18.504
6.884
2.705
15.011
43.064

18.801
3.011
6.553
14.7
43.064

84.188
11.146
10.541
-62.811
43.064

0.303
-1.277
-0.86
0
-925.947

-0.36
0.884
1.194
0.052
933.518

0.01 Compress
0.686
-0.668
0.009 Uplift
-7.571 at centroid

Stub Angle Design in Concrete


The stub Angle, at plane of intersection with the concrete, shall be checked with combination of of
tension and plus shear and compression plus shear, as follow:

A_a=P/f_y +V/(0.75.
f_y )
Aa =
P
=
V
=
Fy =

(ASCE-7)

Gross area of stub angle,


Tensile force load, or compression load on stub angle
Shear load Pararel to the intersection plane
Yield Strength of stub angle

Based on Tower Support Reaction, obtained :


P
=
1359.155 kN
V
1029.284 kN

242.568 kN
136.448 kN

Compression
Tension

** Data Maximum Support Reaction of Tower with safety Factor Included


Fy

245 Mpa

Aa =

A_a=P/f_y +V/(0.75.
f_y )

6867.669 mm2

Compression Condition

Aa =

A_a=P/f_y +V/(0.75.
f_y )

4943.733 mm2

Compression Condition

Given Stub Angle Tower L 200x200x15


Aact

>

Aa

Aact

800000 mm2

Result Stub Angle Design is Adequate

on Condition

on Condition