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SOME FIFTY ODD YEARS

OF
THE MASK AND WIG CLUB
1889-1941
By
WILLIAM A. WIEDERSHEIM, 2ND
DEDICATION
What particular purpose is best served in the dedicating of
a book, irrespective of its classification has always been a de-
batable question. To the extent that a wise custom decrees
the commending of the pa.ges of such a book a's this may be,
this history is dedicated to that spirit of unselfishness, under-
standing and loyalty which found expression< in the formation·
of The Mask an'd Wig Club of the University of Pennsylvania
through and from the inspiration of
CLAYTON FOTTERALL McMICHAEL
3
FOREWORD
Should anyone ask of himself or of others as to why I, of
all persons, should write a history of the Mask and Wig Club,
I can but reply there is no good and sufficient answer. Any
experience which I might have had to justify the assumption
on my part of such a responsibility is more than limited, it is
negative. Upon opening the morning mail some two years
ago, to my utter astonishment and without warning, notice or
consultation, it appeared my name had been placed in nomina-
tion for an office called "Historian", which I was hardly aware
existed, and as a member of the Board of Governors. Since
there was no contest these nominations were tantamount to
election.
Sensing that one, for whom I have always had a deep and
abiding affection, had, with his usual exercise of discretion and
tact submerged the dubious honor 0'£ an incidental office with
the fundamental compliment of becoming a member of the
Board, there seemed no alternative but to accept and meet the
situation in the spirit of an adventure.
Whatever may have been accomplished with respect to the
assimilation, compilation and identification of the data and
various papers relating to the history of the Club has been due
for the most part to the generous spirit and sympathetic
understanding of the Board of Governors during the Presi-
dencies of J. Ferguson Mohr and Thomas Hart. All the
records, reports, photographs and other documents of seem-
ingly historical value have been identified, indexed and filed in
properly marked boxes. These have been placed in steel
cabinets stored in the fire-proof rooms of the Pennsylvania
Historical Society at 13th and Locust Streets, Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania. This opportunity for the storage and at the
same time acce·ssibility of these archives was due to the help
and cooperation of Mr. William Reitzel, Librarian of the
Society.
5
To establish a working basis for a proper background and
understanding of the beginning, growth, development and
influence of the Mask and Wig Club, resort was had to the
minute books of the meetings of the Club, the Board of Gov-
ernors, the Administrative, Production and House Commit-
tees, together with reports of various Spe'cial Committees,
which were appointed from time to time. There were also the
Treasurer's Statements, which unfo'rtunately were not com-
plete. In addition there were the original papers of Dr.
Charles N. .E. Camac which proved of great interest and
much value. Other sources examined were the programs, the
publicity books and countless newspaper reports and criticisms,
much correspondence, miscellaneous papers, the By-laws and
finally the personal recollections and comments of various
members of the Club which had been carefully collected and
preserved.
The checking, digesting, recording and verifying of these
sources of information covering a period of about two years,
required no little patience, care and accuracy. The results,
such as they be, could not have been reached without the help
of a number of undergraduates in the beginning of the work,
a large group of the Alumni members of the Club, my own
secretary, Evelyn B. McGuire, who somehow caught the spirit
of the "Wiggers", but most of all, Mrs. Louise Macmullan,
who has been executive secretary of the Club for the past
eight years. Driven at times to the point of referring to my
title as the "hysterical" department of the Club, nevertheless
she was unfailing in her interest and loyalty. Blessed with
patience, humor, tact and fortified with a seemingly never-
ending energy, she always rose to the occasion and so relieved
many a tense situation. These various sources of help account
for much of whatever was accomplished.
However, throughout and over and above all, there was
always available for help, advice and encouragement, Edmund
H. Rogers. Without him, I am frank to acknowledge that
what might have easily become a task and abandoned became
a pleasurable experience and this history of the Club, if it may
be 'so dignified, is the result in no small way of his faithful
interest, critical fairness and constant inspiration.
Whatever may be said of the pages that follow, the final
assimilation of the data and the comp>ilation and completion
6
:round ana
?ment ana
had to tOf
lrd of Go
l
,
se COtnrnil,
:ommittee\
lere also
re not com,
rers of Dr
linterest

nd critlc\lm\
By.laW!1
s of Vln(/,!
collecten

out two
Tne
tnout (oe
of tne wO!\
mf
gnt tne
e
for (ne

neverthfltil
lessen
'ngly nml'
so
elp
there WII
t,
ledge th!1
ed beCIW
t
if itm
l
1
faithful
the nnll
mpletio
n
of the work has taken place here in a pleasant little garden
in an atmosphere abounding with historic incidents occurring
in the early days of America and teeming with the memories
of the hopes, ambitions, struggles and tragedies of a sea faring
people. Whether or not it be mere coincidence is incidental,
but it is of interest, at least to me, to recall that in the Spring
of 1926 the Mask and Wig's, "Sale and a Sailor", inspired by
one of the many Nantucket legends, was as outstanding and
well rounded a production as any in the history of the Club.
W. A. W., 2ND.
6 Gull Island Lane
Nantucket Island, Mass.
August, 194I
7
THE FOUNDERS
Had the line of least resistance and the easiest way out been
followed, the Board of Governors without difficulty and free
from little, if any, criticism, could have determined there was
but one founder and he, of course, was Clayton Fotterall Mc-
Michael. Before reaching any final conclusion, the Board
gave careful consideration to all the available documentary
evidence as well as to the personal recollections and opinions
of those members who were qualified to speak authoritatively
upon the facts.
In the light of the information published in the 1890 and
1891 year books, together with the statements in articles
appearing from time to time in the programs of early days,
coupled with the report and findings in 1911 of a Special
Committee, consisting of Messrs. Rosengarten, Donaldson and
Borie, there was no doubt at least eleven rightfully fell within
the classification of a Founder. The problem to be decided,
in view of additional evidence and after discovered facts, col-
lateral for the most part, was whether there were four others
who could and should be included in such a list.
Motivated only with the desire to reach an honest and
proper decision in the interest of those who had been mainly
instrumental in the ultimate formation and establishment of
the Club, the Board of Governors at its meeting in March
1941 assumed the responsibility of a finding that there were
fifteen who were historically enti tied to be named as Founders
of the Club. A bronze tablet bearing the names of these
Founders, together with the "original call" signed by Forbes,
Neilson, McMichael and Camac has been erected in the Grill
Room of the Club House at 310 Quince Street. This decision
of the Board settles an important fact which with the passage
of time had been passed by and all but overlooked.
9
The Mask and Wig Club 1889-1941
The history of an organization is naturally a record of its
achievements, its policies, its growth, its mistakes and the
position gained in the field of endeavor for which it was
created. In addition, it must reflect the personalities, the char-
acter and the influence of those individuals whose spirit had
accounted for the drive and the force which has kept the or-
ganization alive through the years of its existence.
The first fifty odd years of the Mask and Wig Club were
during a period of American history that may well be called
the golden days. It was an era which may never again be
witnessed in the lives of those who were privileged to enjoy the
student life and the benefits of education offered at institutions
of learning such as the University of Pennsylvania. In times
of great flux, which inevitably affect the social and economic
life of a nation, it is only those institutions which derive their
strength from fundamental truths and are adjustable and
flexible that will survive.
A most casual analysis of the purpose, the background and
career of the Mask and Wig Club would seem to clearly indi-
cate that it fully meets the requirements of an exacting world.
Based on the fun and carefree spirit of youth coupled with a
sense of service to the University, yet ever mindful of the im-
portance of education, it is evident that those responsible for
the formation of the organization and who have guided it in
the succeeding years merit the highest praise for their insight,
perspicacity and understanding of human nature. For without
these principles ever present, "Lurline" might have been a
story complete unto itself instead of the first link of what has
become a lengthening chain strongly forged to an honorable
past and facing the unpredictable future with hope, courage and
calm assurance.
No more truthful and uncontradictable statement can be
made, in any approach to the history of the Club, than that the
II
personality ot Clayton Fotterall McMichael and Mask and
Wig are synonymous. To what has sometimes been tenned the
pre natal days can be traced the germ from which the Mask
and Wig Club was ultimately born. Though the name eventu-
ally adopted is clearly attributable to Charles N. B. Camac,
it was McMichael who was the organizer, cre'ator and the
source of inspiration. Dramatics, such as they were, had
reached a constantly receding low at the University. A group,
of which McMichael was the ever dominant force, found an
outlet for their dramatic and histrionic ambitions at the 40th
Street Grand Opera House in West Philadelphia. Here were
given a series of plays, inter alia, "A School for Coquettes,"
"The Marquis", "Two Puddifoots", and "The Loan of a
Lover", for the edification of their friends and no doubt for
the satisfaction of their own emotional indulgences. However
the parts may have been' cast, the programs consistently listed
in addition to McMichael, the names of Forbes, Camac, Rosen-
garten and McKean, then but mere boys, and some of whom
had not as yet matriculated at the University.
In addition members of this same group found a similar
inspiration from burlesques given by their friends in the
Amateur Drawing Room, located on the site on 18th Street
below Market now occupied by the Mid-City Post Office. A
further outlet for these embryonic dramatic ambitions was the
lure of burnt cork, a popular and healthy means of entertain-
ment of Victorian aroma but long since passed into oblivion
with the complete sophistication of youth. As inevitable in a
young and growing nation, the Minstrel Troupe with its black
faced artists seems to have served its time and purpose.
Information, admittedly truthful but unfortunately not
provable, clearly indicates that in the year 1888, some have
named the exact date April 24th, ideas were exchanged and
plans laid by and between McMichael and Neilson for the
formation of some sort of a dramatic organization at Pennsyl-
vania. It is to be wondered if either of them had any particular
objective in mind other than to get started in some way on
something theatrical. The "original call" issued presumably
in the Fall of 1888 and signed by McMichael, Camac, Forbes
and Neilson can be accepted, in the language of the surveyor,
as the place of beginning. Unfortunately, there are no de-
pendable sources which record the names of those who actually
12
Mask ana
termed
hthe Mal!
lame eventu.
. B. Camar
tor and tn;
were, naij
y, A
ree, founa
IS at the
.
r CoqueUe!t
Loan of I
no douo! fw
es. HO
WIHi
sistentlr

some 01
ouna a!imilll
friena! in
on
Oit Offire, j
oitioni 1m
hi of entertam,
into oolivim
inevitaOle
witn itiOila
rrpoie,
r,ltunatelr MI
8, some nan
[changeQ
Ison for
at Penn!!I,
f
Y
partiaJlar
Ime war
presum
ao1
l
nac, Forofl
esurvqor,
are no
actual1r
responded to the notice posted on the Bulletin Board in the
basement of old College Hall or just who attended the various
meetings held subsequently, during the formative period of
this youthful and ambitious group. But this is incidental
except in the interest of accuracy, a "must" in the demands of
an historian.
Certain it is, however, that numerous meetings were held,
some of them at the residence of Thomas McKean, Sr., lo-
cated at 20th and Walnut Streets. It was here at the meeting
of January 29th, 1889 that a name, for what subsequently
turned out to be a prodigy, was discussed. Discarding sug-
gestions of "The Harlequin", "The Footlights", or "The
Pierrot", it was voted to adopt "Mask and Wig Association",
subsequently properly christened as The Mask and Wig Club
of the University of Pennsylvania, as the name of this un-
heralded but aspiring organization. It has been said that the
name chosen was the inspiration of Charles N. B. Camac
from the impulse of the moment. , In this instance, at least,
the spark of youth supplied a name which proved perhaps
more acceptable than if the matter had been referred to older
and wiser men for deliberation and decision.
While it is true that McMichael and his group witnessed
performances in New York of the "Hasty Pudding Club" of
Harvard University and other productions of the students of
Columbia University, the factor having the greatest influence,
was that in the fall of '88 there was playing at the old Walnut
Street in Philadelphia a burlesque, "Mrs. Esmeralda", spon-
sored by the London Gaiety Troupe.
'!ihis coterie of neophyte Pennsylvanian actors who attended
these performances of Letty Lind, Sylvia Grey and their
famous Troupe came away convinced that this sort of burlesque
offered the safest medium of entertainment and dramatic art
and one well within the limitations of undergraduate life. It
would be well, at this time, to point out that the significance
and meaning of a "burlesque" as staged and produced in the
late eighties and subsequently utilized for Mask and Wig pur-
poses is in no sense to be confused or identified with the vulgar
and all too often indecent theatrical ventures of the so called
burlesque of the present day and age. That such a decision
proved to be not only a happy but wise one would seem clearly
dempnstrated since the Club for over a half century has never
13
once deviated from the policy as originally established and has
as yet to meet with any disastrous repulse of or from a de-
manding and critical public.
In any theatrical venture there are innumerable factors which
contribute to a success. There must be some sort of a vehicle
to produce not to mention the financing, securing of credit and
assurance of something substantial in the way of an audience.
To finance the initial production, with a treasury then com-
parable to the cupboard of old lady Hubbard, required no little
ingenuity. Faith and perhaps prayer coupled with a little
parental assistance seemed to be the answer. The Colonel,
father of Clayton F. McMichael, who was then Editor of the
North American, a Philadelphia newspaper, somehow made
possible the initial deposits and guarantees. To assure an
audience, the time honored system of patronesses was adopted
and for many subsequent years proved to be the answer to the
hopes of the Committee on Production and the worries of the
Business Manager and Treasurer. So on a warm, if not sultry
evening, June 4th, 1889, to be exact, after some five months of
rehearsals, the first performance of The Mask and Wig Club,
"Lurline", or "The Knight and the Naiads", was given at the
Chestnut Street Opera House, between 11th and 12th Streets
in Philadelphia. It was a musical burlesque in four acts, ar-
ranged by McMichael from an old play. It was a sellout.
Perhaps outside of the faithful and indulgent members of the
families of the participants, the rest of the audience attended
with a sense of reserved curiosity and wondered whether they,
instead, were to be the ones sold out. But s u ~ h was not the
case. "Lurline" was a tremendous success, enthusiastically
received and richly praised.
Slim as the records of the early days may be, in the light of
the Club's growth and development, they cannot help bu prove
of lasting interest to those who will reflect upon the ambitious
but inconspicuous beginning of the organization. The atten-
dance was some 1530 persons with receipts of $1636.25.
Expenses totaled $891.62 leaving a net profit of $743.63, a
balance no doubt far in excess of the fondest hopes and dreams
of those responsible for the venture. To be fair, it must be
admitted that some of the items incident to the usual overhead
costs and operating expenses were absorbed by the friendly
lished and
or fro
rn
aJ

efactors
ort of a
gof credilll
of an a
surr then
equlred no Iii!
led with a
'. The
I en Editor olt
somehow m:,
. To a!!ijr/>
sses Wa!aaOi
1
the an!Wello
the worrle! 01
arm, if
me nve
sk and

and Iztn
ein four atll
l
(
It wa! a
t
audience aUf 1:.
red whetnfr
such wal nol
.,
e, in
help
on the
on. The aUG
s of $IOJ0.lj
of $f4}0j,1
pes and
it mu!t
usual overnfl:
Iy the
spirit and generous cooperation of the families of the boys
comprising the cast and chorus.
Rehearsals for "Lurline's" debut alternated, no doubt in the
interest of parental relief, between the Borie mansion at 1035
Spruce Street and the McMichael brown stone front located
at 2°41 Walnut Street. Costumes for the most part were
made and supplied by the nimble fingers of unselfish mothers
and sisters. Though McMichael, Camac, Forbes and Neilson
may be s·aid to have carried the full responsibility for the suc-
cessful production and staging of the show, they were suf-
ficiently wise to engage the services of a figure well known in his
own world, "Sammy" Speck, associated with Brandenburg's
Dime Museum, an institution famous in its day, but long since
obliterated by the march of time. For music, popular pieces of
the day, with suitable lyrics for the occasion, we-re "borrowed".
Little did those who were responsible for such an incidental
theatrical venture realize that when the curtain was rung down
on the finale, they had in reality created an entirely new activ-
ity for undergraduate life which was destined to contribute, in
its own peculiar way, so much to the value of unselfish service
for the welfare, advancement and interest of the University.
Somehow, it seemed this initial and single production in
1889 was accepted by the University as well as the public at
large as establishing the Mask and Wig Club as a permanent
institution. A reference to the list of patronesses who in effect •
sponsored "Lurline" would clearly indicate that socially there
was nothing left to be desired, since Philadelphia's "best" and
"foremost" had given their blessing and stamp of approval.
The evidence of their practical support was clearly indicated
in the statement of the Treasurer. To carryon, however,
required an organization to sustain the interest and enthusiasm,
since the responsibilities entailed were of no mean proportions.
It is difficult, at this time, to properly analyse the motives which
prompted this original group of youths to continue with what
at first was little more than a whimsical venture. Howe'ver, in
the course of time this experiment became not only a vital and
an integral part of the life of the University, but established
for itself a reputation of achievement throughout a large part
of the United States.
So it was as always, the guiding hand and never failing spirit
of McMichael which not only made possible the production of
.,
"Lurline", but also formulated a Club organization sufficiently
sound to carry on for future years.
When another year rolled around, with the interest of the
original group sustained and encouraged with the reputation
gained from the first effort, "Ben Franklin Jr.," was given in
the Spring of I 890. The increase from the previous year
from one to three performances was fully justified, since the
results at the box office clearly indicated that the Club was
confronted not so much with an indulgent as a demanding
public. In I 89 I, the third year, after the Philadelphia season,
the Club ventured for the first time outside of its own territory.
It gave, with modest success, performances in New York and
Washington, D. C. Then in 1892, with "Mr. & Mrs. Cleo-
patra" as the vehicle, the Club played Easter week throughout
in Philadelphia, the first time in the country a college dramatic
organization had ever attempted, and with marked success,
such a lengthy run in a metropolitan city. And from this time
till 1936 with "Red Rhumba", Easter week and Mask and
Wig in Philadelphia became a permanent fixture. During eight
of these years, in the turbulent '20S, from 1925-"Joan of
Arkansas", to 1932-"Ruff Neck", the annual production was
given for two consecutive weeks. The drastic economic
changes then taking place caused a return to the former sched-
ule of a single week stretch.
It must be remembered that from the beginning and for
many years thereafter the coaching of both the cast and chorus
had been exclusively undertaken by members of the Club.
McMichael, Kelley, Ernst, Deehan, Gilpin, Donaldson,
Howard Mohr, Morgan, Mellon, Rogers, Lavino, Harten-
stein, just to mention a few of those who assumed production
responsibility in whole or in part, during their respe'ctive asso-
ciation with the annual production.
There was a period in the life of the Club, during the reck-
Ie'ss 20'S, when the experiment of using professional coaches
was tried out. Haskell from New York, and Jasper Deeter of
Hedgerow Players, were among those engaged to assist in the
training of chorus and cast, but in spite of their professional
ability, the idea did not fit in with the Mask and Wig system.
And so in the early 30's, when financial problems also became
a serious consideration, the Club returned to direction and
coaching by Club members. Bo Brown, Frank Kelly and a
16
atio
n
suit '

einterest of
·h the reputaf
r II
" Was given'
le ,previoul
usttfied
1
lio
ce

at the Cluo Wt
,as a
lea)
•Lts OWn
In ew YO
rKt
r. &Mrl,o.l:
week
a college dram!'
h marked
d
ek and MalKt
ture,

ual production n
drastic eCOQiji:
the former!rnl:
anU
the cast ana rOOK
ers of (ne G.
'Ipin,
Lavino
l

sumed
.r respective
during tne
essional
asper Deetm:
to assist in II
eir
nd Wig sr
sttB
salso
direction af
kKelly anal
succession of younger graduates stepped into the picture and
carried on until recently when an arrangement was made with
Walter Keenan to train the chorus. This particular association
has proved a most agreeable and satisfactory solution.
In 193 I, the effect of the business depression first made itself
felt in the receipts of the box office. To help meet this situ-
ation, the program for years past exclusively printed and
financed by the John C. Winston Company, was taken over by
the Club. With that spirit of sustained interest indicative of a
true "Wigger", a number of the older members for several
years procured all the advertisements for the program. By
this means, the figures of the annual statements showed black
instead of red, thus turning the tide during these difficult years.
But there were other problems. The annual trip having be-
come more extensive and falling within the middle of the second
college term, resulted in a growing feeling with the University
authorities that the students were forced to absent 'themsdves
far too much from their studies. Coupled with this situation
was the recognition by the Board of Governors that there was
a marked change in the habits of the theatregoing public. Due
to the advent of daylight saving time and the growing interest
in outdoor life, Easter was no longer as popular with them as
the winter season.
Traditions, and particularly so in Philadelphia, are difficult
to sidestep, let alone break. The Club always alert to the
vagaries and demands of a fickle public, and desiring to co-
operate with those in authority at the University shifted its
weekly run in Philadelphia from the Easter to the Thanks-
giving holiday period. There were not a few of the older
members of the Club who felt such a sudden and drastic change
in the date would be a serious blow to the fame and reputation
of Mask and Wig. Such a feeling was natural for there
generally comes the time in everyone's life when living in the
past is the right and luxury of advancing age. Changes as
such are, for no good reason, abhorrant. But the die was cast
and though the annual Easter production in 1936 of "Red
Rhumba" was given, it was followed in the fall of the same
year by "This Mad Whirl" and since then Thanksgiving and
Mask and Wig in Philadelohia have become a settled custom.
It proved to be a wise decision as so realistically witnessed in
the financial health of the Club. Confronted in 1936 after
several profitless years, with a serious and uncertain financial
outlook, the Club as a direct result of the change to Thanks-
giving week, found itself again by 1941 in the strong and
healthy financial situation which it had enjoyed for almost half
a century.
Throughout this period of some fifty odd years, in addition
to the week's performance in Philadelphia, there was gradu-
ally and with caution developed an annual road tour. Modest
in its beginning, by 1940, the Club had given a total of 828
performances, spread over thirty-one different cities in various
parts of the East and Middle West. The highest number in
anyone year reached 29 in 1930. It is safe to say that these
annual undertakings of the Club have done perhaps more to
spread the name and fame of the University throughout the
country at large than any other undergraduate group or organ-
ization of its Alma Mater. Such a policy has with propriety,
attracted men from other places to the University with a result
that its horizon has become broader and more cosmopolitan.
A student body from various sections of the nation cannot help
but expand the point of view from one somewhat narrow and
provincial, pleasant and comfortable as it may have been. It
is unfortunate there are no available records to accurately dis-
close the number of people who have attended Mask and Wig
shows. If the gross receipts can be used as a guide, together
with the known admissions sold in very recent years, there have
been close to two million people from various parts of the
country who have paid to attend a Mask and Wig performance.
And the word "Paid" is used advisedly, since a hard and fast
rule, never once deviated from is that there are no "papered"
houses, even to the point of Club members paying full price for
their tickets. Such complimentary passes as may be issued must
fall within the limitations of the Business Manager's exercise
of wisdom for press and publicity reasons.
In the undergraduate mind breaking a record is the big thing
whether it be in track, football or crew. Looking back over
the years, Mask and Wig was continuously breaking records,
which in theatrical parlance means, "the box office". A single
peformance of "Yankee League" on April 8th, 1893 estab-
lished a "new High" for the Chestnut Street Opera House with
receipts of $2312., while ten years later, April lIth, 1903,
"Sir Robinson Crusoe", at Atlantic City played to a house of
18
ncertain
ange to U
t
tne
afor
ear!, in
tnere Wi!
dtOUf,
natotilijl'
t citie! in fI::
igne!t numy.:
to !ar

:

witn
iry m!n lIi'
e
tion mn '
nat nitWit
nave
accurilflH
Ma!K!nijl
guiae,l'
em,
us
ig
narQ!nM
eno
gfull
I
agd!1!1I:
$2787.5°. Three years later, May 4th, 1906, at a special
benefit performance of "Shylock & Co., Bankers", at the
Academy of Music in Philadelphia given for the sufferers of
the San Francisco earthquake, the "take" was $3696.5°. These
figures are of interest not only in the light of the subsequent
years, but illustrative of the growth of the Club's popularity
with the public. Glancing through some of the minutes and
reports of early days discloses that at the Annual Meeting of
the Club in June 1897, Clayton MclVfichael cautioned the in-
coming Board not to anticipate gross revenues of over $9,000.
Evidently the success of "Yankee League" with a hundred in
the cast and chorus, grossing over $15,000, had convinced
some Club members there was no end of constantly increasing
receipts. A year later, again with his usual caution and
restraint, McMichael admonished the members, suggesting
that as the years rolled on the most optimistic outlook would
justify a season of not over $7,000. gross so that expenses
incident to production should be adjusted accordingly. Yet the
years rolled on and McMichael's forecasts were swept aside
by a constantly growing and demanding Mask and Wig public.
For on Saturday April loth, 1920 at the Forrest Theatre, now
the site of the Fidelity-Philadelphia Trust Building, the re-
ceipts of the matinee were $3712.00 and in the evening,
$4139.5°, or a day's total of $7851.5°. An all time high for
the Club as well as for this particular theatre. Figures such
as these would impress even the most hardened and jaded of
the professional theatrical world, especially when it was cold
hard cash paid by the public to witness a show put on by the
rankest of amateurs-college boys. In later years, when a
two weeks' run was ventured the gross in Philadelphia alone
was $72,639.55, and for the season of 1926, "A Sale and a
Sailor", $1°7,002.71, leaving a net profit of $19,787.98. Im-
pressive, the most ardent of cynics will have to cheerfully
admit. Even in 1941, with the run of a single week in Phila-
delphia, grave wrinkles will appear in the Business Manager's
brow if the gross in the City alone runs much under $3°,000.
But to return to earlier days when such glittering and semi-
staggering figures were unheard and unthought of. After all
the patience and indulgence of interested families rightly had
their limitations. So with the growth of the Club and the
accompanying responsibilities, rooms were rented in 1891 at
I 006 Walnut Street. A Constitution and By-Laws were
adopted, and officers and an Executive Committee elected. Re-
hearsals and meetings continued here until 1893, when the
condition of the Club's treasury, due in no small part to the
great financial success of "Yankee League", warranted pur-
chase of some sort of a property which could be used and called
a Club House.
Somehow it would seem McMichael and his group were
blessed with infinite wisdom and uncanny judgment for, their
choice has, so far, withstood the test of time. Known from its
inception as "3 I 0 Quince Street", what became and continues
to be the Club House was purchased in December, I 893. It
has remained, except for the installation of a few modern
comforts and conveniences, as originally planned by its creators.
The history, the background and the tradition of this little but
unique and incomparable Club House is fraught with interest
and redolent with memories.
Originally the site in I 834 of St. Paul's Evangelical Luth-
eran Church, later used as a dis.secting room by embryo student
physicians from Jefferson Medical College, it was bought in
the early eighties by the late John B. Ellison, a member of a
well known and distinguished Philadelphia family. In those
days, Spruce Street, East of Broad was the heart of what was
looked upon as the center of the social and aristocratic life of
the city, a carryover perhaps from the days when the blue
bloods were suffused with the Whigs of English lineage. It
was the era of the victoria, brougham, runabout and surrey of
the Philadelphia man of affairs. Mr. Ellison converted such
structure as was then in existence on the premises into stables
for his horses, harness closets and carriage rooms.
Among the properties inspected was Mr. Ellison's stable
and with the vision and hope indicative of youth, it was pur-
chased for the sum of ten thousand dollars, some cash and the
balance on mortgage. To convert the stable into a usable Club
House presented a problem at which many might have
quavered, but not those of stout hearts and great courage like
those who were responsible for the formation of the Club.
Never wanting for friends, they enlisted the services of Mr.
Wilson Eyre, later a distinguished architect of the City of
Philadelphia, and a conversion was made. With the exception
of a few of the small windows in certain of the stalls, which
20

me setti
mtact the
Blion an(
manas 0
rwaered


ouring d

rounaers
moitect
irtistiC el




matter,
were
l
fOJ
witfJ
ana the
In this

rontribut
House,
TOree, 11
lor the I
n.rstcom
eo to the
Room th
in the A
ana the
were ere
tne repr
exaggeri
new the'
risn
,
in'
successfl
a
lora! ml
went de
nd BL
. y. IWll
.
ttl wk
o"small I:
e1
d
nil
Judgment 101'
e. KnOWijfr::
ecame ana
ecemOerll!;
of alew m:.
oy crt:·
tlon of
raugnt
s
Dyemoryo!o:
e, it wa!
on, ameffioo
family,
neart 01

ays wnen
glish
Dout ana
on
emimintom'
rooms,
r.Elli!oM
youth!
some
into a
any
reat
tion of l

of the
ith thet![q.
the stall!1 i
windows are still intact, a complete transformation took place.
The setting as originally planned by Mr. Eyre has remained
intact these some forty-seven years, a tribute to his genius, his
vision and to his understanding of what would survive the de-
mands of succeeding generations. These services, so well
rendered by Mr. Eyre, though not a member of the Club, were
his contribution to the young and struggling organization. Such
changes and alterations as have been made from time to time
during the last half century were under and subject to the
planning and supervision of Charles L. Borie, one of the
Founders of the Club, who, as one of Philadelphia's leading
architects, has with consistency and care preserved the original
artistic ensemble.
Renovating and rebuilding the structure from a Church-
like-dissecting room stable to a building suitable for a dramatic
organization was in itself an accomplishment. To finish and
decorate the interior in an appropriate manner was still another
matter, for, it should be remembered, the interested group
were, for the most part, just boys at college, some fifty years
ago, with little enough funds, but fired with the spirit of youth
and the ambition to be of service to their University.
In this same period there was a youngster, Maxfield Parrish
by name, then unknown in the world of art, whose artistic skill
contributed so much to the charm of the interior of the Club
House. An original painting, King Cole and his Fiddlers
Three, was the inspiration for the mural subsequently painted
for the Club by Mr. Parrish. This is said to have been his
first commission. Bought by some of the members and present-
ed to the Club, it has since hung on the South wall of the Grill
Room these many years. In addition, the mural over the stage
in the Auditorium, recently restored to all its former beauty,
and the early figures with the pegs on the walls of the Grill,
were creations of Mr. Parrish and bear convincing tribute to
the reputation he subsequently achieved. It is, perhaps, no
exaggeration to state that this Cole mural introduced a
new theme in the world of art and for which Maxfield Par-
rish, in his time, became recognized as the outstanding and
successful exponent. Under the King Cole painting stands the
piano, a gift in memory of Francis P. Steele, a devoted and
loyal member who lost his life when the S. S. "Burgoyne"
went down. It is this same piano that has given birth to
21
countless Mask and Wig melodies and beat the rhythm for
dancers, glee and all who gather round.
On the walls throughout the Grill Room are seen the names,
with °an appropriate cartoon, of each alumni member of the
Club. On a peg hangs his stein, which upon death is chained
to the wall, a silent reminder of a departed friend. Today
there are some fifty permanently secured.
In the hallway is a stately and handsome Grandfather's
clock, a gift to the Club from the late Robert Glendinning.
Though not a "Wigger", Mr. Glendinning gave it in memory
of his brother-in-law, Clayton F. McMichael. On the walls
are hung framed, the drawings, many of them the originals, of
the program covers from "Lurline" to current shows. On the
walls of the stairway and in the Auditorium on the second
floor are separate panels containing photographs in costume
of individual stars and chorus groups of each succeeding show,
constant reminders of the days before yesterday. From the
Club House have emerged some forty-seven productions, for
within its walls are the cast and chorus rehearsed, trained and
finally whipped into a finished product for public perfonnance.
Here for many years in the late fall the annual preliminaries,
a short play, written in some instances by an undergraduate
and at other times by an alumni memberof the Club, were given
for the purpose of selecting from among the students, the most
likely talent for the cast for the "big" production. There were
two distinct casts, from each of which were chosen the individ-
uals best qualified for a final Saturday night performance.
This was attended by the graduate members, the families,
friends and of course the "best girl", now known as the "big
moment" of the ambitious and hopeful young actors. Later so
called "skit nights" were held, in Houston Hall on the campus,
offering an opportunity to the individual to demonstrate the
particular talent, be it musical or otherwise, with which he was
endowed or thought himself possessed. For a number of years
this method served its purpose for in this way the Committee
on Production could select those who showed sufficient ability
to qualify for the cast of the spring production. But with the
change to Thanksgiving week, freshmen were no longer per-
mitted to participate in the "annual production". Accordingly,
the undergraduate members of the Club were offered the op-
portunity of supervising a play open only to freshmen which
22
\mven each
inb
lli\entirely
of th
Iif,latent t
nioehind
these f
[I was at
was he
:Jrlhe Eas
If Mask a
itmthestud
e
thence

:malto mal
:iitnted,

uimensl
°roer, p
evi
ove

Ijlj, how
Iluwell ser.
II

of Cl
WI\ ueserv
llievery fin
llie annual
cam
lillie supp
ijlhereities
ij!Governo
w!th the p
With the n
bYml
that
itnous m
Ina its 0\\1
eat the
seen :'
mru (/
on deatn i!
ed frIend, i
orne
Ooert
gave It rot
ael. Onttfl
em
ent InOW!,
ium on
ograpn!
en lucceedinil:
terday, froo'
en
eamoltraiijM.
uolicperfmm
"
nual prelimirr
an
neCluo,wmi
studentl,tmt
etlon. Tnm
cnolen In(
ight perlmJ
WI to(
nown a! Wt'
11::
all on
demon!tlll
l
'
withwoitHt
a
ay the
luffitientl'
on, But
re no i'
"
'offeree
e I'
frelhrn
eniv
is given each spring in the Irvine Auditorium. This has
developed into what is now known as the "Freshman Show."
I t is entirely written, produced and staged under the sole di-
rection of the undergraduate members of the Club. In this
way, latent talent is often discovered which eventually finds its
way behind the footlights of the "big show". For the most
part, these freshmen shows are self-sustaining.
It was at the Club House on Quince Street that for many
years was held the advance sale of tickets to the patronesses
for the Easter week show. So great had the popularity of
the Mask and Wig become that the public at large competed
with the student body for tickets. Irrespective of the weather,
long lines, extending from the Club House door down to Spruce
and thence as far as Eleventh, were formed, days before the
ticket window opened. Indeed it became part of a freshman's
ritual to maintain his place in line for whatever group he rep-
resented. With the speculators and the hirelings of those who
could afford to employ a substitute, the line each year reached
such dimensions that the city police were detailed to maintain
order. Photographs in the daily newspapers of the time
carried evidence of a "Coxey" like army huddled in little
groups over fires, often under umbrellas, forcibly at times
maintaining their positions until the doors were opened. By
1913, however, the value and need of the patroness system
had well served its purpose. There was a growing resentment, ,I)
as expressed editorially and in articles in the undergraduate
publications against the Club for what was believed to be a
policy of catering to a preferred class. That such criticism
was deserved could not be denied, yet it was a fact that from
the very first and for many years thereafter the support given
the annual productions, which resulted in such substantial
profits, came for the most part from the generous and enthus-
iastic support of the patronesses, both in Philadelphia and in
other cities in which the Club played. Over the years the Board
of Governors tried various ways and means with which to cope
with the problem. Eventually the issue was squarely met and
with the new system in effect today of applications for reserva-
tions by mail, fairly and without favor administered, it would
seem that the Club has solved what might well have become a
serious matter, to the satisfaction of the students, the public
and its own members. For performances in outside cities, a
23
like system of ticket allotment is handled by a "Special Com-
mittee" of local alumni. Too much credit cannot be given to
these groups of loyal Pennsylvanians who have contributed so
much to the success of the shows on the road. Recently seats
at half price on the opening night in Philadelphia have been
available only to the students at the University.
During the past three years, the' entire house for "Student
Night" has been sold out in less than an hour at the ticket
office on the campus. This is evidence once more of the in-
terest and support given to Mask and Wig by the entire
student body.
Then again there is the business and social side at the Club
House-Board meetings, Committee meetings, luncheons,
smokers, entertainments and receptions for our own as well
as other college and university athletic teams and various
undergraduate organizations. Parties are likewise given for
• stars of the professional stage and members of the newspaper
world.
There are many Club functions each year, but by far the
most important is the Founders' Night Dinner, an evening
when Club members gather to do homage to the Founders.
There is song, fun and merriment except for the moment when
in silence a toast is drunk to those who have gone before.
Starting with "Lurline" and coming down to the current show,
the old stars assembled from near and far, sing their songs,
yes, and even dance to the music of yesterdays. Who will ever
forget McMichael, Frazier, Forbes singing "Tic-Tac" from
the very first show, and Carl Martin's "I Cannot Find My
Trilby", and Charlie Morgan's "Little Red Riding Hood",
and Stanley Reinhart's "Listen to the Eagle Scream", but
why go on, they all bring happy memories of bygone days.
It is interesting to note that on the 50th Anniversary Dinner,
seventy-five per cent of the living Club members were present
and all but one surviving Founder.
"Open House", as it is called, takes place after the last
Saturday night performance in Philadelphia. At this occasion
the graduate members and their families play hosts to the boys
in the Show. Supper is served in the Auditorium and the cast
and chorus go through their routines, interspersed with num-
bers by the old "Grads".
evd
,J/lor!t lntd
;'Ion!
jlrtend wei
;110 meet t
j
!rom t
su
e
)m took P
factor i
Dut t
al
:imtne qu
for ov,

ho
mle cancer
:IIDe digni
I
inci
and
mel!
:Irnn all b

,!!oeso
:TInting ap
for unt
iWig Club.

'Mife, PeD
:111 ran hnd

"Th
He
Ea
M
AI
St
Ki
No
Di
social
[',
for Our
, (
tiC team!
are
her! of
year,
I Dinner,
age to
t for
ho nave
nto tnerulf"
far,
rday!,
'ng
"I
Red
Eagle &m'
of brgone

embmwertf
Another event born in recent years is Fathers and Sons
Night, first introduced in 1932. Graduate Club members and
their sons meet for dinner at 310 Quince, then in front row
seats attend the show in the evening and between acts go back
stage to meet the cast and chorus and inspect the workings of
a show from the other side of the curtain. This party has
proved most successful and the sons varying in ages from eight
to twenty-five enjoy the old time stories of the days when their
fathers took part in the cast or chorus, and it has proved a
potent factor in bringing these sons closer not only to Mask
and Wig but to the University of Pennsylvania.
Through all these various occasions and club gatherings
appears the quaint figure of John Weaver, the faithful colored
steward for over thirty years and his devoted wife Carrie, the
former intermittently discharged and always re-engaged within
forty-eight hours. After Weaver's death came Gilpin Gant,
likewise concerned and interested in the welfare of the mem-
bers, the dignity and the standards of the Club, possessing a
sense of naive loyalty so often characteristic of the Negro race.
All these incidents, episodes and many more unrecited are
,woven into and are part and parcel of the traditions, the mem-
ories, the mellowed feelings of the Club House. Even the
echo can all but be heard in the Grill of that memorable and
critical evening of October 17, 1899 when Clayton McMichael
rose, as he so well could, to meet a challenge and with that
convincing approach and firm manner preserved, it is to be
hoped, for untold generations the life and force of the Mask
and Wig Club.
Sentiments do and should have at times a place in every
one's life. Perhaps the feeling of a "Wigger" for 310 Quince
Street can find no better expression or meaning than in the
poem written by Thomas B. Donaldson,
"There is the Door which marked a League,
Held in the Bonds of Mask and Wig
Each Dog, each Door must have its day.
Much more this Door had nights they say.
All those who through its portals stept,
Stood equal-Rank aside was swept.
Kings were with Fools comingled, then,
As in one Brotherhood of men.
No Portals e'en in all this Earth
Did open into Greater Mirth
Where Welcome was the counter sign,
In all that Welcome can combine
Good Fellows young and old passed through,
Did Homage to the Red and Blue.
Old Door Vale-Your Duty's Done
One Time-"3Io"-your Race was run,
Rest for "'TIhere's only room for one."
Though there have been upward of three thousand men
participate in fifty-four productions, there have been only 249
elected to graduate membership in the Club. In the early
years under the By-laws, eligibility to membership was limited
to those who had a speaking part in the annual production,
which may explain a legend that at the final production of
Saturday night in Philadelphia often a member of the chorus
would be given a line to speak and so become eligible for
election to the Club.
It was the custom in early times in selecting candidates to
issue an annual call in the college paper and the lure of the
chance of appearing on the stage always produced material
for the show. The successful candidates were even willing to
formally agree to pay a forfeit of $3.00 if they withdrew be-
fore a given date and $5.00 if they quit thereafter. Such a
policy served its initial purpose, but with the original group
graduating with their respective classes and entering the bus-
iness and professional world, it was inevitable that a decided
and drastic change would have to be made if the Club was to
survive as part of the life of the University. Inklings of this
were first to be found at the fifth anniversary in 1893 with "The
Yankee League". Though financially a success, the partici-
pation in the production for the first time of graduates created
a problem which came to a head at the end of the first decade
of the Club in 1899. Perhaps it was constant success coupled
with a normal amount of egotism that accounted for a real
division in opinion among the members as to the future of the
Club. That there was a strong and decided opinion among not
a few that the Club should no longer be an integral part of the
University was clearly evidenced from the Minutes of a meet-
ing held October loth, 1899. Even Clayton McMichael was
strongly disposed to a severance from college ties and the
continuation of the group as some sort of a Bohemian and
vagabond dramatic association. Fortunately final action was
deferred for a week during which time the members conferred
26
the g
On 0
wnlch wa
I f h
0 t
and fr
ail

ml

wit
I ,


ufiaergr
time
Illis de
t
::i6llone ar
:Fillulisnow
;Itllining n
:lrure,
by
a grad
u
J t
,mrmusicwa
the d
'In/lime ill

it IV
th
Man
;'Illnd will
tim
years
,I!lndhas w
is evi
:l.lrl!fo
r
Ma
:IWtrlll the
b
':lijtlails
o
!t
of 0
lUe
as run,
one."
:hree
have
luo,

annual
hnal
moeroftt,>

!"

and 1m
prOaUCfijlli
ere
f theJwiloo:
therealttr,
the
denttrinifu
aole tnatlK
if tnt
.'
in
•uccelll
fgradualfii
oitndr,;
ant
counttij 1m,
oilieruwll'
opinion if

Minutt!nll'
n
]lege
a
Iv nnal
ld
:
'emomu"
and discussed the gravity of the question with which they were
confronted. On October 17th, Clayton McMichael delivered
a speech, which was remarkable for its clarity of thought and
so indicative of the broad vision and bigness of the man. He
had clearly and frankly reversed his position. McMichael's
plea not to divorce the Mask and Wig Club from the Univer-
sity of Pennsylvania was carried by a vote of the Club members
and the greatest crisis in the history of the Club was faced
and settled.
Openly and without reservation the justification for the
continued existence of the Mask and Wig as part and parcel
of the University was clearly and firmly established. At the
same time, undergraduates, by amendment of the By-laws, were
for the first time given recognition in the executive affiairs of
the Club. This decided and healthy change in policy has con-
tinued unabated throughout the years till today the under-
graduates alone are practically responsible for the production
of the annual show, the Alumni Advisory Committee, however,
wisely retaining final decision as to matters of policy and
expenditure.
In days gone by with few exceptions, the book or play was
written by a graduate member of the Club but in the more
recent years the undergraduates have likewise taken over with
marked success, this additional responsibility. For many
years the music was for the most part "borrowed" from popu-
lar hits of the day and suitable lyrics substituted., Over a
period of time many good musical numbers appeared in the
shows composed by both graduate and undergraduate Club
members, but it was Charles Gilpin who about 19°0 first and
for many years thereafter produced a complete musical score
with lyrics. Many of his songs are still sung today at Club
functions and will always be recalled as melodies which have
met the test of time.
In recent years Clay Boland has taken over where Gilpin _
left off and has written complete musical scores. The merit
of his work is evidenced by the demand of nationally known
orchestras for Mask and Wig mUSIC. Boland's songs are also
heard over all the large radio net works and have many times
been ranked first by the listening audience polls.
The details of the Club organization are of no great moment
and at best of only passing interest. The dignity of a legal
status of a corporate body was acquired by securing a Charter
in the Common Pleas Courts of Philadelphia County in N0-
vember, 1892, through the services of George Quintard Hor-
witz, an able and well known member of the bar of his day.
Suffice it is to say there is the usual provision for the standard
offices, President, Vice-President, Secretary, and Treasurer to
which was later added a Business Manager and an Historian.
The Executive Committee, once called a Board of Govern-
ment, now named the Board of Governors, consists of graduate
and undergraduate members with majority graduate repre-
sentation. Upon this Board is placed the executive and
administrative responsibilities of the Club. Many other im-
portant Committees have been created, the principal one being
the Committee on Production which has the full responsibility
of staging the annual show. The Administrative, House and
Elective Committees are standing Committees elected or ap-
pointed for the full ye'ar period, while Special Committees are
appointed by the President as the need arises.
Since 1899, membership has been two fold-alumni and
undergraduate. Eligibility to undergraduate membership
requires a candidate to be a bona fide student of the University
of Pennsylvania who has taken an active part in some capacity
in an annual production. Undergraduates are elected to mem-
bership by the Board of Governors upon recommendations of
the undergraduate Club members. Undergraduate Business
Managers are elected in the same manner and are responsible
for the publicity, properties, care of costumes and many other
details involved in the production of a show. Today the under-
graduate members have their own Chairman and Secretary
and hold regular meetings on the campus. Undergraduate
membership terminates with the graduating year of the mem-
ber's class. Graduate membership is composed of three types,
Alumni, Life and Honorary.
Upon graduation the name of a man properly nominated,
seconded and endorsed by graduate members appears before
the Graduate Elective Committee for consideration and vote.
Elections are based not only on personal character but upon
the record in the show and the to carry on the
work, traditions and responsibilities of the Club in the future.
Statistics indicate that an average of only four have been
elected to graduate membership each year, which from the per-

1
;"'ntln
ued

1

de
of t
[ue con
indiv I
or a
ou

(oulst

Tr
:JltO in II
'Iml}' y
ste
was
F

has
t'
lffi1measure
Wm any
out
IRference tl
oettf
;lnwns are I
J]t!lned a
If\urlesqu
I l't .
,mlllce,lr


few eXCt
mer
M
:\0 matter
bu

:Iffiemoers

s:curing aG:
ilia
rge QUIOhrijl
he bar olrul'
nfor theit!I"
I and Trellij;
and an Hiitiji
Bo
aro
01

ty graaUaltl'
the exeallirf
l
.
principal
efull
trative,
ttmelectMc
'al
eso
fold-alul
duate memkl
t of tne Unirm
rt in
are electeijlou

rgraduate
and
es ana manll:
TodarWft
an ana
, Unaerw::
year oHM;
sed
operlr
rs appear! k
eration r.
haracter
15 to carry 00'
"'luD in tne nt
"' \
Y four nall
'
hieh
centage angle is quite small considering the number of men
participating in the annual shows of the past fifty odd years.
The continued success of the Club throughout the years would
seem ample justification of the wisdom of these methods of
election.
Since the death of Clayton McMichael there have been many
members ·of the graduate club to whom may be rightly attri-
buted the continued success of the organization. To mention
anyone individual, however, might well be interpreted as an
injustice or a lack of proper appreciation to or for others not
so singled out. In a few instances the Club itself has taken
appropriate action. At the Annual Meeting in November,
1926, Coulston, Forbes, Frazier, Kelley, George Kendrick,
Meigs, Merrick, Frederick Neilson, John Mohr, Rosengarten,
Starr and Trotter, the then surviving members who had parti-
cipated in "Lurline" were elected to Honorary Membership.
In 1933, J. Warren Coulston who had served the Club faith-
fully and steadily for over forty years in most every official
capacity was elected as the first and so far only President
Emeritus. Free from the bias of fraternity ties, social stand-
ing and personal favoritism, the policy of the Club throughout
the years has been guided by a de-sire to elect to graduate
membership those whose spirit s·omehow will, in the course of
time measure up to a sense of loyalty and service.
Were any attempt made to discuss, however, briefly, any
particular outstanding production, it would of necessity include
a reference to practically everyone of the total given. Per-
haps no better instance can be found to illustrate that "com-
parisons are odious" than that all Mask and Wig shows. have
maintained a high level of excellence within their chosen field.
The burlesque or the travesty has been consistently used as
the vehicle, interspaced with musical and dancing numbers and
accompanied now and then with a "take off" on some outstand-
ing professional production of the time. The book or libretto
with few exceptions has been the product of alumni or under-
graduate members of the Club.
No matter what the dialogue, lyrics or scene may be, an
unbending but healthy rule of the Committee on Production
never permits an audience to draw a conclusion other than that
the members of the company are boys and boys alone. How-
ever natural it may be for a group of any given period to
believe that the productions of its time, with incidents, ex-
periences and episodes everlastingly embedded in their mem-
ories, were outstanding for their success and fame, no such
viewpoint accounts for the place the Mask and Wig has made
for itself. Rather may the answer be found in the realization
that the pattern is but a composite picture of some fifty-four
shows, interwoven with the spirit of an unselfish devotion to a
common ideal.
In searching for a formula to explain the constant and con-
sistent growth of Mask and Wig, a realist will try to assimilate
the facts, the critic resort to analysis, the cynic seek for the
motive, the sentimentalist look for an emotion, but none of
these approaches would seem to lead to the sought for solution.
Perhaps the answer will be found in reflecting upon the gamut
of over half a century of time, out of which there cannot help
but come a flood of memories. Memories suggestive of a
kaleidoscopic picture-rehearsals-dancing-music-each sug-
gestive of practice-coaches-instruction with the familiar
personalities of McMichael, Morgan, Gilpin, Rogers, Lavino,
Hartenstein, Boland and a host of others-overtures, with the
genial "Eddie" Beale as conductor from "Lurline" till his
death in 19 I 2, followed by Richard Schmidt and in more recent
years, "Joe" Follmann-curtain-opening chorus, actots, a
few of whom have gained a modicum of success behind the
"bright lights of Broadway" and Hollywood,-costumes,-the
first visit to Van Horns, who have with but two or three ex-
ceptions costumed all of the shows-wigs,-paint-powder-
Herr Boch and ponderous "Father Joseph", in real life Paul
Albrecht, who for two generations in their own gruff but
friendly way made handsome girls out of homely boys, suc-
ceeded by "Daddy" Lerch, held in such high regard by later
day "Wiggers"-flowers-handsome bouquets, yes even in the
long long ago there were sweethearts who did remember their
flaming youths behind the footlights-applause-thrills-en-
cores-Club Nights-somehow the old timers always come
back-Philadelphia's last night-farewell speeches-finale-
Hail Pennsylvania-curtain-an endless stream of memories
fitting together to form a vivid picture.
Perhaps the justly deserved and well merited fame of the
dancing chorus for all these years offers an explanation and
suggests the real answer. In 1897 from "Very Little Rid-


;,Jltd the 1
has b
mr other
I 'h
whle
:mt, The
its st
;ro ina its I
., It was t
;ij! i1Capt

ltyer fa

\!!Klneimp
: Int roste
in
attain
,],mfakal
J
e
:6jiijnsas w
Per
If to cou
that
I rnrteristie
neen sai
To I
)Ina Wig

nas a
i;lml an inffu
co
iffilUtr of p
l)lfiU shape I
achang'
the un
It

in
!I(!UO will co
0f
wri
all thes
·Constant
1I
cynic leeK
60nl
ougnt for
gUpon
tnere tann l
es

witn tne It
I RogerlJl'

"Lurline"
ana in
cnorm,
uccm
-cOltUffifl
l
-:
t two orlmff:

in real lilt
ir own
homely
hregara

d
use-tnrml-'
ers

earo 01 mtm
l
!
ited
, f
explanal
lOO
Very Liuld
ing Hood" there emerged a figure to whom may well be
attributed the inspiration of the dancing choruses for which
the Club has become famous. For Charlie Morgan, more
than any other member, set the standard of terpsichorean
execution which with changing ingenuity, has stood the test
of time. The Mask and Wig has never been out of step-it
has known its stride and kept within it. Its field is peculiarly
its own and its productions are designed for Mask and Wig
alone. It was therefore not surprising that after a successful
season of "Captain Kidd, U.S.N." professionals endeavoring
to produce it met with disastrous results.
Whatever fame a "Wigger" as such may attain is short
lived for to single out anyone individual as outstanding would
be to ask the impossible. But the Club is proud, and rightfully
so, of the roster of those who have throughout these years
participated in Mask and Wig productions. It includes many
who have attained leadership and recognition in the judicial,
legal, medical, educational, diplomatic, theatrical and artistic
professions as well as in the commercial and industrial life of
the nation. Perhaps a contributing reason for the success that
has come to countless "Wiggers" can be traced to that sense
of devotion, that spirit of unselfishness, that feeling of loyalty,
so characteristic of the spirit of Mask and Wig.
It has been said that no wise man ever commits himself as
a prophet. To forecast or visualize what the future of the
Mask and Wig may be is not the prerogative of an historian.
It can, however, be assumed, and justly so, that the Mask and
Wig Club has a future. To what extent it will continue to be
as potent an influence with the public as well as on the campus
in the years to come, as it has in the past, would at the moment
be a matter of pure conjecture. It can and should define its
policy and shape its course to meet the necessities and require-
ments of a changing world. Its foundations have been solid,
built with the understanding of the truths and decencies of
human nature. Its leaders have been wise and courageous. In
the days to come may those who are to carry the responsibility,
which they will inherit, do so in such a way that the Mask and
Wig Club will continue to serve, the reason of its existence,
the University of Pennsylvania.
A lyric was written in the early days by Clayton McMichael
and sung all these years as the song of the Mask and Wig.
3
1
Diligent search has failed to disclose the original source of
the music to which the words were adapted, but the song
"There's Only Room for One" became the toast of Mask and
Wig and so with pardonable pride the "Wigger" can raise
his glass, filled to the brim with glorious memories of the past
and drink a toast to the loyalty and enthusiasm of countless
undergraduates, to the several millions of generous and under-
standing friends, to those of its own ranks and to competitors
of other colleges and universities and looking with confidence
to the future, ask, "Why is there only one Mask and Wig
Club ?" Because
There's only room for one,
There's only room for one.
Then here's a swig of a toast so big,
Straight from the heart of the Mask and Wig,
There's only room for one,
There's only room for one.
We'd drink to you,
A toast for two,
But there's only room for one.
SOME FINANCIAL ASPECTS
An inquiry quite often made, and naturally so, is "Does the
Mask and Wig make any money and if so, where does it go ?"
The answer to the first part of the question is "Yes", while to
the second, "With certain reservations, to the University of
Pennsylvania."
From the very first the Club always seemed to be able to
turn in a sizable profit. A substantial portion of the earnings
in the early days were naturally and rightfully used to establish
a workable reserve, build and pay for the Club House, and its
furnishings. It is quite evident, however, from examination of
minute books of the early times that the Mask and Wig would
seem to have been the one and only organization which could
be counted upon to help support the athletic teams, the musical
clubs, and other kindred student activities. Indeed the Club
must have been looked upon as a sort of rich and indulgent
close relative, for in the minutes of the Board of May 15th,
189 I, there is a notation to the effect "that after paying bill
of the Glee and Banjo Club, no bad debts of college organiza-
tions to again be paid."
3
1

or
Moun
j conse
funos ,

of



'wr!for th
:Iuuggle b
to the
:ijlwisoom
:tritaole II
oespit
ytne ever
!Mwith t
to t
wo
and
tne nnal
negoti
Univel
Jli fr
Boar
:'OOtro with
ijiolten left
the h
i111 for ano
from 1
':lrroductio
au
I,m beg
,miu/1. Rea
;Il!!tm with
and for
the B,
Detweel
rrnnsylva
'OOnlriDution!

1 but
stof Mill.
tan
rtes
sm 01
rous
dto
wltn
MasK
so, I!
ere
IYes
1l
1

e
ed to Dt 1\11'
01 tnt
I'
used tOt!II'
House1loj'
..
and
tion wniw«:
ams,
ndeed tnt (
hand
of Ma!I!;
fter
liege
For a number of years the contributions and gifts were made
on a more or less hit and miss basis; a sort of first come, first
served. Around 19°° a sounder policy was formulated so that
with the conserving of the annual profits over a numbe-r of
years, funds were available for the erection in 19°8 of The
Mask and Wig Dormitory at the University of Pennsylvania
in memory of Clayton F. McMichael who died on September
28th, 1907.
As the years rolled on various gifts were made, such as funds
for University students' ward, the Training House, shells and
launches 'for the crews, the Provosts' House, yet there was ever
the struggle between those who argued that all profits be-
longed to the University and those who thought it the better
part of wisdom to retain a portion in the Club's treasury for
the inevitable "rainy day". The beliefs of the former domin-
ated, for despite the cautious and sound advice of Howard K.
Mohr the ever increasing revenues were distributed in toto.
Flushed with the easy profits of the carefree 20'S, the Club
subscribed to the lure and beauty of the installment plan and
pledged for worthy purposes, such as the Chair of Dramatics, •
anticipated and unearned profits. With the collapse of values
in 1929, the finances of the Club could not help but be affected.
Having negotiated a bank loan in order to meet pledges
owed the University and exercising every bit of ingenuity to
make a profit from the annual show and meeting with little
success, the Board of Governors during the early 1930's was
confronted with a seemingly never ending financial problem.
It was often left to the flip of a coin to determine who should
meet with the hard headed banker and assure him that a
renewal for another year was the wisest of fiscal policies.
Changing from Easter to Thanksgiving week for the Phila-
delphia production and with close cooperation on the part of
the University authorities, the darkened financial plight of the
Club in 1935 began to brighten so that all indebtedness was
paid in full. Realizing that it was time a sensible and intelli-
gent system with respect to the future earning's of the Club
be set up and fortified with the knowledge gained from past
experience, the Board of Governors voted to create a trust
ag'reement between the Club and the Trustees of the Univer-
sity of Pennsylvania. Briefly summarized, it provides that
Club contributions to the extent of $I 0,000 shall constitute
iJl Rowi
:11!n Inter.!
llu
.I!hl
'111u !peci
liKing

mated)
ill! AthIe
Marin
procee
for
IEslim
II!! Rowin
!pecia
tie R
hene

!nit!
·I Tea
,,11 Athlen
:'1 Ire 00

10
consl
Den
':1, it is r
m

'fwnsylvl
total
Hurtling
Ma!

following

1m C

UDiV
li:jl Debt
Clu
, Univ
· Leidy
l,'jl Rega
• Leid
Athie
ing
34
fund "A" and be subject at all times to withdrawal by the Club.
The University is to invest such money as may from time to
time comprise the said fund "A" and interest thereon is pay-
able annually to fund "B". So long as there is $10,000 in fund
"A", additional contributions form a second trust to become
permanently part of fund "B". When such accumulations
with interest, added thereto in fund "B" reach a sizable sum,
it may then be expended on some project for the University
subject to the consent and approval of the Trustees of the
University of Pennsylvania and the Board of Governors of
the Club. Such a plan would seem to meet foreseeable contin-
gencies and it is hoped that in the not too distant future fund
"B" will permit Mask and Wig to once more make a definite
and concrete contribution to the University. This agreement
became effective on November 7th, 1939. At present there is
$ 10,000 in fund "A" and interest accumulating in fund "B."
There follows a statement, as accurate as the records will
permit, o'f the contributions made by the Club to the University
as well as a list of the gifts to non-University interests.
It must be remembered that the net profits are available each
year for distribution only after deductions for the cost of
production, rail transportation and operation of the Club
House. The income from the small dues and occasional
rentals received from members and college organizations are
admittedly insufficient to meet the Club's carrying charges. The
total of the cost of Club House overhead over a period of
fifty odd years approximates at least $15°,000.
Where the actual figures have been unattainable, they have
been estimated, so noted, and are on the conservative side. To
the direct contributions made to various phases of University
life, there has been added an estimated proportion of the
charges of the railroad for the annual trip, now taken in a
special train. A Pullman car has been named for the Club, a
distinction enjoyed by few if any other amateur, collegiate or
otherwise, organization in the country. An examination of the
available Treasurer's reports irrespective of the system of
bookkeeping, clearly indicates in practically every instance that
even if all the performances in the respective cities on a given
trip shows a gain, the cost of transportation acts as a decided
offset. This deficit is met from the substantial profits generally
accruing from the performances in Philadelphia. Since these
trips are obviously in the interest of the University and can
only be taken with its consent and approval, it would seem fair
as well as logical that some portion of this cost of transporta-
tion be considered as a further, if indirect, contribution to and
for the benefit of the University. As a result of these annual
trips, it is reasonable to state that the Mask and Wig Club
has done more than its share in spreading far and wide the
philosophies of Benjamin Franklin, Founder of the University
of Pennsylvania.
The totals of the figures are not only of interes.t, but they
are startling and impressive for it must always be remembered
that the Mask and Wig Show is composed of a group of college
boys finding their inspiration in service to their Alma Mater.
Following is the list of contributions, subject to the fore-
going limitations and explanations:
35
6/5/93 Rowing Committee 500.00
12/2/93 Inter-Scholastic Cup 100.00
3/
28
/94
Contributions
Yale University Infirm-
ary $500.00
Children's Country Home,
Washington, D. C 200.00
Special performance of
"King Arthur" for City
Charity Fund (Estimated) 250.00
Mrs. Lincoln for Wash-
ington Charity . . . . . . .. 250.00
115.70
100.00
35.00
25°·00
25.00
Contributions to University
Football Team $ 100.00
University Hospital 250.00
Debts of Glee & Banjo
Clubs .
University Hospital .
Leidy Memorial Fund .
Regatta Committee .
Leidy Memorial Fund ..
Athletic Assn. for Train-
ing House 75°.00
Year
9/
2
5/
8
9
12/6/90
5/
1
5/9
1
5/
10
/92
6/6/92
4/
12
/93
4/
1
3/94
4/19/94 Special performance of
"King Arthur" benefit of
Franklin Field Fund (Esti-
mated) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 250.00
6/5/94 Athletic Association .... 500.00
3/27/95 Matinee "Kenilworth" net
proceeds given to Provost
for use in University
(Estimated) 250.00
7/1/96 Rowing Association 250.00
5/5/97 Special performance "Lit-
tle Red Riding Hood"
ben e fit undergraduate
athletics (Estimated) ... 200.00
6/3/99 Suits for Freshmen Base-
Team 100.00
11/21/99 Athletic Association 210.00
ainaole,tnt!l
ervabn :
ses of

noW tIKW:
,
ed for
teur,
.
of tne IfII
very
ecitie! on
i
:
acts a! a
Iprohls
hia,
aWal OJ
ay
t thereoni!
$
r.
!Olooom;
trust (ok
eh accumw!!
eh a
or the

of

istant
e
Thi!
t
gin
sthe
to Urnrrr,
inteml!,

s for
tion of [
sand

.
om I ',!
6/1/06 Trustees of U. of P 1788.87
6/20/05 Trustees of U. of P. Trust
Fund . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5000.00
II/27/05 Tutoring Fund for Base-
ball Team 15°.00
Gift for Robt. G. Torrey,
Capt. of Football Team 7S.OO
S/IS/06 Pittsburgh Alumni Society 300.00
"
6/1/06 Trustees of U. of P.
Trust Fund SOOO.oo
S/13/07 Senior Fence 73.58
6/6/07 Trustees of U. of P. Trust
Fund sooo.oo
5/14/08 Trustees of U. of P. Trust
to Fund. . . . . . . . . . . . .. 25000.00
8/26/10 (This sum with $15,000.
heretofore appropriated
represented cost of Mc-
Michael Memorial Dormi-
tory.)
417/10 Trustees of U. of P. Trust
Fund for Provost House 5<x>o.00
10/I9/10 Athletic Association .... 100.00
12/1/10 Trustees of U. of P. Trust
Fund furnishing Mask &
Wig Dormitory 1854.9°
3/2/II Rowing Committee 50.00
Miscellaneou
to U. of 1
Co
fto
r
'IIII 19
11
: III Tru
ste
,II Fund
alII AlulDn'
',/11
liMI! Photog
,Vll 19
12
C
:'IM Extra f
11
1
1
II
Trustee.
I Fund
1110/11Crew
1'1
11
/
1
1 General
'liIl Trustee
Fund
.'l/ll General
;)lll Trustee
Fund
(This pl
bon w
amounts
was spe
purchase
House,)
Universi
ol/l!General
Base Ho
Base
1111/11 General
'II/Ii
I
I
/Ii Equipmenl
Iwlla University
cil '"
IjW University
Camp
Ilw U,oIP, CI

IPI Memorial
for men
I war."
111I University'

, Dormitor
1/11 Cup for R'
11/11 e
'1/llAlterarions
Dormitory
OutJide ContributionJ
Mrs. Reyburn, profits of
Washington Show for lo-
cal charity 434.1S
Profits of Wilmington
Show for local charity .. 800.00
Country Home for chil-
dren, Baltimore 200.00
Mrs. Reyburn, Washing-
ton Charity 300.00
Special Performance "Shy-
lock & Co.," benefit Cali-
fornia Earthquake Suffer-
ers loso.60
180.00
Soo.oo
Special benefit perform-
ance for Williamsport
Hospital (Estimated) 200.00
New University Museum 1000.00
Athletic Assn. Football
coaches .............. 200.00
University gym n a s i u m
Fund ............... 1000.00
Athletic Fund .......... 100.00
Athletic Fund .......... 100.00
Athletic Fund ...........
1°3.
00
Students Ward University
Hospital ............. 2S0.oo
Marble for new swimming
pool ................ 100.00
Cathedral House, Manila 100.00
ContributionJ to UniverJity
Combined Musical Clubs
debt ... . . .... . ..... . 3$.00
Penn - Columbia debating
teams 2S.oo
S/22/0S
Year
II/II/oo
1217/00
3/
2
3/
01
2/22/02
1/14/
0
3
2/18/03
4/
2
7/
0
3
12/1S/03
4/
12
/
0
4
S/10/04
S/10/04
9/12/04 Photograph Fund .
12/8/04 University Training House
1904
37
500.00
Outside Contributions
Burton T. Scales Tribute
Fund . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 200.00
Belleau Wood Memorial
Assn .
Special contribution not
designated . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.00
Emergency Aid of Phila.
(This sum includes $200.
which was won by E. M.
Lavino for writing the li-
bretto in competition the
right to which he gener-
ously waived.) 2015.73
C h a r i ty Club, Wilkes
Barre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 100.00
Seamen's Church Inst. .. 722.21
77°·00
500.00
U. of P. Club of New York 1000.00
Memorial at University
for members killed in
war .
University Boathouse Fund
Furnishings Mask & Wig
Dormitory .
Cup for Relay Carnival .
Contributions to University
19II Class Record 30.00
Trustees of U. of P. Trust
Fund for Provost House 5000.00
Alumni Fund 200.00
"
7/
2
/20
1920
1923 Miscellaneous contributions
to U. of P. 645.00
3/4/
21
11/29/
21
5/
1
/
22
5/
1
3/
2
7.
10/10/22 Alterations Mask & Wig
Dormitory . . . . . . . . . .. 2806.87
6/31/18 Equipment for Base Hosp. 254.34
10/10/20 University Debating Coun-
cil 100.00
1920 University Christian Assn.
Camp 10.00
Year
5/
8
/
II
1O/17/
II
5/
22
/
12
5/4/12
5/28/12 Photograph Fund 205.35
9/5/12 1912 Class Record....... 25.00
9/25/13 Extra football coaching .. 400.00
10/31/12 Trustees of U. of P. Trust
Fund for Provost House 5000.00
10/10/14 Crew Launch 250.00
10/27/14 General Alumni Fund... 200.00
7/1/15 Trustees of U. of P. Trust
Fund for Provost House 1500.00
10/6/15 General Alumni Fund... 200.00
10/7/15 Trustees of U. of P. Trust
Fund for Provost House 8500.00
(This plus the accumula-
tion the Trustees
amounts to $25,000, which
was specifically used for
purchase of P r ov 0 s t
House.)
6/9/16 University Camp 50.00
10/27/16 General Alumni Fund... 200.00
7/24/17 Base Hospital Ambulance,
Base Hospital No. 20 .. 3438.50
10/26/17 General Alumni Fund... 200.00
5/
22
/18
tyburn, Will:.,
""""..
PtrfOnDaflU
OJ.,"

,... ",,,,,,,,,,
Iv/sidt COlin
! Lurline
I; r
Ben
Franklin

ColMumb
" d rs
an '
Yankee
Arthur

'II-No Gentlemal
Little
The
1!lrCaptain
,/»'"'Mr, AgUlnal
Baa, Bl
King Col
Robinson
,;-Alice in Ano'
Hamlet

[VJ-Herr Loheng
;a-Uncle Sam'
aMo
Desert oj
lill-Tne Innocent
IIO-Miss Hel en o·
in Ger
F)JI-Tne Royal A
Pris
Tne foregoing i
Magazine a
University of
the mem
!Iances permit
I"'" l JS
his
as well as a
$8,232.69
Seasons' Net Railroad Exp.
$318,185.63 $186,883.03
and incomplete Treasurers'
Total outside contri-
tions $8,232.69
Outside Contributions
Mrs. Prettyman 300.00
Medal for best officer
qualifications R. O. T. C.,
Carlisle, Pa. 100.00
"
Ytar Contributions to University
u/3/24 Salary Graduate Manager
of student activities ... 1500.00
"
61'3/25 Salary Graduate Manager
of student activities .... 1500.00
11/11/25 Trustees of U. of P.
athletic activities 5000.00
5/
6
/
2
5
Total direct contributions .... $140,839.96
It is fair to include as an indirect
contribution to the University
approximately one-half of the
railroad transportation charges
during the past fifty years. This
sum is a legitimate charge for
publicity and advertising .... 90,000.00
Total direct and indirect con-
tributions $230,839.96
Phila. Gross Phila. Net Seasom' Gross
$1,291,874.35 $309,248.79 $2,14
2
,95
6
.
1
5
Note: In some instances due to insufficient data
Reports conservative estimates were made.
11/3/26 Sending delegates to an-
nual meeting Associated
Pa. Clubs in Indiana-
polis 400.00
Trustees of U. of P. Non-
athletic activities 5000.00
Chess Club 633.02
Musical Clubs 1000.00
Exhibit at Sesqui-Centen-
nial 17.79
11/2/27 Chair of Dramatic Arts .. 7500.00
1927 Special Contribution to
University - not designated 264.20
Chess Team 462.38
Debate Union 687.57
Graduate Manager of stu-
dent activities 1500.00
6/28/28 Chair of Dramatic Arts . 7500.00
1928 Graduate Manager of stu-
dent activities 1500.00
2/141'30 Chair of Dramatic Arts . 7500.00
(Note: By reason of the economic
upheaval in the co·untry,. the Club
ran into severe financial prob-
lems and accordingly the balance
due on the plcdge for the Dramatic
Chair was cancelled by mutual
agreement with the University and
of course discontinued.)
1938-1939 Trustees of U. of P.
Contribution to Endowment
Fund 'fA" subject to the terms
of trust Agreement of n/7/39 $ 10,000.00
ANNUAL PRODUCTIONS OF THE MASK AND WIG CLUB
The foregoing is a preprint from the April and July, 1942 issues of The
General Magazine and Historical Chronicle, the Alumni quarterly publication
of the University of Pennsylvania. This small edition has been printed and
bound for the members of the Mask and Wig Club. It is expected, as cir-
cumstances permit, sometime in the not too distant future the Club will publish
a comprehensive history which will include the now compiled and completed
statistics as well as appropriate pictures and illustrations.
noll.u:

.,"""",
""'1>,
/
.......
I889-Lurline
I89o-Ben Franklin, Jr.
I89I-Miss Columbia
I892-Mr. and Mrs. Cleopatra
1893-The Yankee League
I894-King Arthur
I89s-Kenilworth
I896-No Gentleman of France
I897-Very Little Red Riding Hood
1898-The House That Jack Built
I899-Captain Kidd, U. S. N.
1900-Mr. Aguinaldo of Manila
190I-Baa, Baa, Black Sheep
1902-Old King Cole
I903-Sir Robinson Crusoe
I904-Alice in Anotherland
1905-Mr. Hamlet of Denmark
I906-Shylock & Co., Bankers
I907-Herr Lohengrin
I908-Uncle Sam's Ditch
I909-Merely a Monarch
I9Io-The Desert of Mahomet
I 9II-The Innocents
I9:rZ-Miss Helen of Troy
I9I3-Maid in Germany
19I4-The Royal Arms
I9Is-Paradise Prison
I9I6-Whoa-Phoebe!
I9I7-Mr. Rip Van Winkle
I918-The Bridal Not
I9I9-Revue of Reviews
I9zo-Don Quixote, Esq.
192I-Somebody's Lion
I922-Tell Tales
1923-Here's Howe
I924-That's That
I92s-Joan of Arkansas
I926-A Sale and a Sailor
I927-Hoot Mon!
I928-Tarantella
I929-This Way Out
I93o-John Faust, Ph.D.
I931-East Lynne Gone West
I93Z-Ruff Neck
I933-0ut of the Blues
I934-Easy Pickins
I93s-Drums Fortissimo
1936-Red Rhumba
I936-This Mad Whirl
I 937-Fifty-Fifty
I938-All Around the Town
I939-Great Guns
I94o-High as a Kite
of This World
39
STANDING COMMITTEES
BOARD OF GOVERNORS
(c)
(el
(e)
(e)
(e)
(e)
(e)
(e)
(b)
(e)
(a)(c)
(a)
(a)(c)
(c)
(a)(c)
(a)(c)
(a) (e)
(a)(b) (c)
(a)(c
(0
CHARLES G. RODMAN
EDMUND H. ROGERS
EDMUND ROGERS, JR.
RAIMOND D. SENIOR
DONALD J. STALKER
ROBERT F. STENGELIN
R. STOCKTON TAYLOR
ROBERT E. WALTON
WM. A. WIEDERSHEIM, 2ND
ROBERT L. WOOD
Treasurer
J. FERGUSON MOHR
Business Manager
RICHARD M. KEATOR
President
THOMAS HART
Pice-President
WILLIAM E. ALMY
Secretary
WILLIAM M. HUGGINS
THE MASK AND WIG CLUB
OFFICERS AND MEMBERS
Elective Committee
ROBERT L. WOOD, Chairman
Louis DeV. Day, Jr. J. Ferguson Mohr
John A. Montgomery Edmund H. Rogers
Houu Committee
GEORGE C. BOWKER, JR., Chairman
J. Allison Cochran Robert E. Walton
J. Townsend Sellers Edward Mellor
Administrative Committee
EDMUND H. ROGERS, Chairman
William E. Almy Paul B. Hartenstein
Clay A. Boland Richard M. Keator
J. Ferguson Mohr
WILLIAM E. ALMY
CLAY A. BOLAND
GEORGE C. BOWKER, JR.
ROBERT F. BROWN
ROBERT D. FREY
THOMAS HART
PAUL B. HARTENSTEIN
WILLIAM M. HUGGINS
RICHARD M. KEATOR
J. FERGUSON MOHR
B. BRANNAN REATH, 2ND
OFFICERS OF THE CLUB
MEMBERS OF THE MASK AND WIG CLUB
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Adams, Burton M., '36
Almy, William E., '24
Baker, Elias B., Jr., '39
Bartlett, Albert R., '98
(a) (c) Bartol, Henry E., '98
Beale, Joseph W., '30
Bell, John C., Jr., '14
(c) Bell, Robert W., '18
Bliedung, J. Alexander, '30
(c) Blynn, Bryce, '18
Boland, Dr. Clay A., '26
(b) Borie, Charles L., Jr., '92
Bowker, George C., Jr., '29
(c) Bradbury, Dr. Samuel,
3rd, '05
Brown, Robert F., '28
(c) Bullitt, Orville H., '15
Burr Wm. A., '39
Carnwath, Joseph W., '05
Carrier, Lester R., Jr., '34
(c) Carson, John B., M.D., '07
(c) Carson, Joseph, '0S
Chesley, Castleman D., '37
Coburn, Charles, '35
(a) (c) Cochran, Joseph H.
Cox Edwin R., Jr., '25
Curtis, Francis L., '28
Curtis, Harry L., '22
(a) (c) Davis, C. Poultney, '13
(c) Davis, L. Howell, '01
Day, Louis deV., Jr., '41
Day, Wm. L., '32
(a) (c) Deehan, Sylvester J., M.D.,
'02
della Cioppa, Guy, '37
Deichler, Richard E. S., '31
(a) (c) Dixon, J. Shipley, '08
(a) Donaldson, Thomas B., '99
Donaldscn, Wharton L.,
Jr., '37
(c) Dougherty, Winfield T.,
'19
Downs, Ellason, '29
Downs, Robert N., 3rd, '23
Dunham, Dr. C. Dary, '30
(c) Ellison, Norman, Jr., '19
(c) Ellison, Dr. Richard T., '15
Felt, Eugene C., '24
Follmann, Joseph F., Jr.,
'30
(a) (b) (c) Forbes, William 1., '89
Frame, Fred C., '33
(a) (c) Frazer, John, Dr., '03
(c) Freeman, Morris deC., '18
(c) French, J. Bedford, '19
Gates, Thomas S., '93
Gay, James H., Jr., '16
George, P. Hacke, Jr., '39
(a) Gilpin, Charles, '01
Gilpin, John C., '01
Glading, James B., '3:l
Glading, Taylor B., '29
(c) Grove, Louis R., '23
(a) Guthrie, Dr. Malcolm I.,
'07
Hake, Frederick J., '32
Hare, Emlen S., '06
Harrar, James A., '99
(a) (c) Hart, Thomas, '16
Hartenstein, Paul B., '23
Harvey, William S., 3rd,
'35
Hess, George Elliott, '39
Hewlett, Joseph M., Jr., '23
Hoff, Joseph H., '22
Hughes, Charles D., '32
Huggins, Joseph W., '28
Huggins, William M., '33
Hyatt, Dr. Thaddeus, '23
(c) Jones, Dr. John F. X., '07
Jordan, T. Gihon, '31
Joy, Leslie W., '16
Justice, George L., '37
Keator, Richard M., '30
Kelleher, George C., '37
Kelly, Francis J., Jr., '31
Kelly, Andrew J., '37
(c) Kent, George R., '12
(c) Kneass, George B., '18
LaFarge, Christopher, '23
(a) (c) Lavino, Edwin M., '09
(c) Lee, Alden, '15
(c) Lee, Philler, '16
Leedom, Harrington A.,
'30
(c) Lewis, Francis A., 3rd, '10
Lewis, Shippen, '07
Lower, Edward S., Jr., '26
Ludlow, Alden R., '06
(c) Ludlow, Benjamin, '04
Ludlow, John Price Cro-
zer, '37
McChord, Hood S., '41
McClure, Harry B., 24
McClelland, Dr. George
Wm., '03
McCrone, Andrew M., '40
(c) McFadden, John H., Jr.,
'13
(c)
(c)
(c)
(c) Austll
Bell,
Bemen
II(C) Black,
Brocki
(c) Brook
Cama
(b) Coulst
Craigli
Cramp!
(c) Dissto
Dough
(c) Downin
Dunn! l
Eisenbr

Flemin
Frazier,
Goodin,
IHuidek
Kelley,
Kendriel
(a)(c) Kendricl
I-Listed
"-Killed
[a)-LifeM
(b)-Honora
(cHerved
JlIIlJ Bird

R. Brumba
CDristoph
Wm, Close
I. Allison COChran
A, DeLonl
Curet! Ditmars
rr
ge
H, Dixon
C, Everett
D, Frey
Eaward F'
J,
Illlericl RG'fli
11\0 Cll' rl
'/lambrook
ronA, Rardwi
Shannon, Spencer S., '17
Sharninghausen, Wm. S.,
'36
Shellenberger, James A.,
'37
Shryock, Raymond deS.,
'26
Shumway, Dr. No,rman P.,
'26
Sinkler, Arthur B., '33
Smith, Darrell H., 'II
Smith, Darrell H., Jr., '34
Smith, Lawrence M. C., '23
Starr, James, '91
Stevens, 1. Roger, '28
Stevens, Raymond D., '17
Stokes, John P., '39
Straitiff, Harry T., '32
Stroh, Dr. Edward, Jr., '33
Stroud, Dr. William D.,
'14
Stull, Franklin G., '33
Taylor, C. Newbold, 'IS
Taylor, R. Stockton, '36
Thayer, George C., '26
Thomas, Walter H., '96
Thorp, Dr. Francis Q., '12
Townsend, Harrison, '12
Townsend, Joseph B., '08
Troup, Robert W., Jr., '41
Truitt, Birney B., '29
Tuton, Fred M., Jr., '33
Tyler, Thomas L., '41
Uhle, Dr. Charles A. W.,
'27
Ware, John H., 3rd, '30
Warthman, J. Harris, '01
Weber, Dr. Charles H.,
'96
Wetherill, W. Chattin, '10
Wetherill, Reeves, '36
Wiederseim, Theodore E.,
'94
Wiedersheim, Wm., A.,
2nd, '10
Wiener, Edward, '97
Wier, Dr. Richard R., '30
Wister, Dr. James W., '95
\Vilcox, Dr. Archa E., '99
Wood, Grahame, Jr., '39
Wood, Dr. H. Curtis, Jr.,
'26
Wood, Robert L., '08
Zimmermann, Albert W.,
'23
(c)
(c)
(c)
(c)
(c)
(c)
(a)
(b) (c)
(c)
(a) (c)
(a) (c)
(c)
(a) (c)
(c)
(c)
(c)
(c)
(c)
(a)
(a)
(c)
(a)
(c)
(a)
McHenry, Maitland A., '30
McMichael, Clayton, '17
McMichael, Henry M., '12
McMurtrie, Robert F., '20
Madeira, Louis C., 4th, '38
Maris, Arthur N., '10
Martin, Carl N., '96
Martin, Eugene A., '09
Martin, Warren F., '00
Mellor, Edward, '38
Menihan, John C., '30
Merrell, Thomas R., '15
Merrick, Harold E., '26
Merrick, J. Hartley, '90
Miller, Albert G., Jr., '27
Mirkil, Wm. 1., '13
Mitchell, John A., '25
Mohr, Howard K., '95
Mohr, J. Ferguson, '17
Molten, Joseph G. B., '16
Montgomery, John A., Jr.,
'38
Moore, A. LeConte, Jr., '40
Morgan, Charles S., Jr.,
'95
Morgan, Samuel R., '99
Mullett, Walter H., '30
Neilson, Harry R., '16
Oliver, Hon. L. Stauffer,
'00
O'Neill, Frank A., Jr., '32
Owen, Dr. Hubley R., '0S
Parry, John C., '41
Paton, Francis C. S., '26
Porter, W. Hobart, '04
Preston, Edward H., Jr.,
'25
Ramsey, H. Nedwill, '21
Read, Dr. Wm. T., Jr., '27
Reath, B. Brannan, 2nd, '14
Reinhart, Charles S., '09
Robb, Harry B., Jr., '20
Robb, William S., '34
Rogers, Edmund H., '09
Rosengarten, Adolph T.,
'92
Scarlett, Dr. Hunter W.,
'°7
Scott, Wm. R., '28
Scully, Charles Alison, '09
Selby, Edgar F., '37
Sellers, Coleman, 3rd, '15
Sellers, J. Townsend, '29
Severn, Wm. B., Jr., '24
(a)-Life Member.
(b)-Honorary Member.
(c)-Served in World War 1.
(c)
(a) (c)
(a) (c)
(b) (c)
(c)
(a) (c)
(a) (b) (c)
(a) (c)
(c)
(c)
(c)
DECEASED MEMBERS
UNDERGRADUATE CLUB MEMBERS
Edmund Rogers, Jr.
William F. Scheeler
Raimond D. Senior
Lathrop P. Smith
Donald J. Stalker
Robert F. Stengelin
Gordon D. Stevens
George E. Stock
Craig D. Vail
Robert E. Walton
Malcolm G. Watson
Michael Waris
Paul U. Weaver
Sidney Wertimer, Jr.
Emery W. Wheeler
Ledyard, F. H., '21
(c) Lewis, David Jr., '92
McMichael, Clayton F., '91
(a) McMichael, William J., '10
(a) (b) Meigs, Frederick R, '91
Mellor, Walter, '04
Mellon, Louis A. K., '05
(b) Mohr, John K., '91
(a) (c) Morice, William N., '96
(b) Neilson, Frederick B., '93
• Newbold, Trenchard E., '96
• North, Edwin, '96
Patterson, Charles M., '99
Pilling, Robert Jr., '98
(c) Remington, J. Percy, '96
Robb, Thomas Jr., '91
(a) Rich, Edward B., '03
(c) Robinette, E. B., 'ro
Steel, Francis Penn Jr., '95
(c) Taylor, Hollingshead N., '03
(b) Trotter, Wm. H., Jr., '89
(a) (c) Wetherill, C. A. H., '12
Wheeler, Samuel B., '92
(a) Whelen, William B., '96
•• McCall, Howard C., '13
43
Thomas Hart, Jr.
Kenneth Hewitt
Robert E. Heidt
Howard B. Hosmer
William Hyland
Jack C. Lugrin
Richard M. Lund
Robert H. Martin
Thomas H. McCabe, Jr.
Stuart McCash
Eugene E. Mulligan
Thomas O'Connor
William G. Owen, Jr.
William D. Patterson
Raymond J. Regan
Charles G. Rodman
(c) Allison, A. C. B., '02
(c) Austin, J. M., '15
Bell, William H., '97
Bement, Russell, '06
•• (c) Black, William B., '16
Brockie, John H., '90
(c) Brooks, Edw., Jr., '9
1
(b) (c) Camac, C. N. B., '92
(b) Coulston, J. Warren, '93
Craighead, Magruder, '05
Cramp, Francis L., '96
(c) Disston, Hamilton, '08
Dougherty, Sherbourne, W., '92
(c) Downing, Charles L., '06
Dunn, Sampson, '97
Eisenhrey, John K., '9
8
Ernst, William, '95
Fleming, David Jr., '97
(b) (c) Frazier, Chas. H., M.D., '92
Goodin, Charles E., '08
• Huidekoper, Thos. W., '91
(b) Kelley, Albert B., '92
(b) Kendrick, George W., 3rd, '93
(a) (c) Kendrick, S. Murdoch, '95
·-Listed as graduate member in program.
··-Killed in World War I.
(a)-Life Member.
(b)-Honorary Member.
(c)-Served in World War.
James Bird
Gordon S. Bodek
David R Brumbaugh
Hans Christoph
Hugh Wm. Close
J. Allison Cochran
Charles A. DeLone, Jr.
Garrett Ditmars
George H. Dixon, Jr.
LeRoy C. Everett
Robert D. Frey
John Edward Friend
Donald J. Graham
Frederick R Griffiths
John C. Hambrook
Gordon A. Hardwick, Jr.


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BY-LAWS
(lis Amended May 1, 1(40)
ARTICLE I
OFFICERS
Section I.-The officers shall be a President, a Vice-President, a Secretary,
a Treasurer, and a Business Manager.
ARTICLE II
At the Annual Meeting the President, the Vice President, the Secretary,
the Treasurer and the Business Manager shall be elected by ballot. They shall
be ex-officio members of' the Board of Governors. There shall also be elected
by ballot sixteen other members of the Board of Governors, which shall thus
be composed of twenty-one in all, fourteen of whom shall be Alumni and seven
Undergraduate members.
Section 2.-There shall likewise be elected at the annual meeting an Elec-
tive Committee of five from the Alumni membership of the Club, two of whom
shall be members of not more than five years' standing, and they shall be
balloted for by Alumni members only.
Section 3.-There shall likewise be elected at the annual meeting an His-
torian.
Section 4.-The officers of the Club, the Historian and the members of the
Board of Governors and of the Elective Committee shall hold office during the
term for which they are elected, and until their successors are chosen and
qualified in their stead.
Section 5.-In the case of the death. resignation or disability of any officer,
or of the Historian or of any member of the Board, or of the Elective Com-
mittee, the Board of Governors may fill such vacancy or vacancies from the
eligible members of the Club.
Section 6.-The President shall, at least twenty-five days before the annual
meeting, appoint a Nominating Committee of five members, no one of whom
shall be an officer of the Club, and the said Committee shall nominate candi-
dates for each office. The Secretary shall notify the members of the Club of
the appointment of this Committee, and of the name and address of the Chair-
man thereof. Any member of the Club may, in writing to the Secretary nominate
candidates for office fourteen days prior to the annual meeting, provided, such
nominations be seconded in writing by five members of the Club, and the names
of all candidates for each office shall· be posted on the bulletin board in
alphabetical order, and notice of every nomination for each office, in similar
order, shall be mailed to the members by the Secretary at least ten days before
the said election.
Section 7.-The ballots for use at the annual election shall be printed or
suitably prepared. They shall be voted by striking therefrom the names of
those candidates for whom the member does not desire to vote. None other
than the official ballot shall be received, and it shall contain no device what-
ever except the words "The Mask and Wig Club Official Ballot," the date of
the election, the offices to be filled, the names of the candidates for each office
in alphabetical order, and the number of candidates to be voted for; Provided,
however, That the ballots to be voted by the Undergraduate members shall be
of a different color from those to be voted by the Alumni members, and shall
not contain the names of the candidates for the Elective Committee.
section
shall per
Governo
rsm
Section l
Governors a
Committee.
appointed ea
Section l
contracts, ot
Board of Go
Section
cise all the po
Section
and of
andspeda!
and one
and by posti
appointments
Section 6
oilier papers 0
Club, and sh
connected wit
Club or
Section 7.-
from rime to
Section 8.-
By·Laws or t
Section 9.
and securities
stat
GoveIDorsat
bon of the An
inlufficientti
bal eIpenditur
regular set of
01 all its fun
Treasurer in s
of G
ludited annual
allointed by tti
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Section 10
.
eaction of ar
of
Club Budgl
Cluo moneys
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own responsibil
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ARTICLE III
DUTIES OF OFFICERS
Section I.-The President shall preside at all meetings of the Club; and
he shall perform such other duties as the Club, the By-Laws or the Board of
Governors may direct.
Section 2.-The President shall be ex-officio Chairman of the Board of
Governors and may at his option be ex-officio Chairman of the Administrative
Committee. He shall also have all the rights of a member of all standing and
appointed Committees.
Section 3.-The Pres.ident, with the Secretary, shall make and sign all
contracts, other than theatrical, for the Club, subject to the approval of the
Board of Governors.
Section 4.-ln the absence of the President, the Vice President shall exer-
cise all the po·wers of the President.
Section 5.-The Secretary shall keep a record of the proceedings of the
Club, and of the Board of Governors, and give notice to members of all stated
and special meetings. He shall give twenty-days' notice of the annual meeting
and one week's notice of the special meetings of the Club by mail to members
and by posting in the Club House. He shall duly notify members of their
aPipointments upon Committees.
Section 6.-The Secretary shall have the custody of all the records and
other papers of the Club and of the seal of the Club, except the archives of the
Club, and shall superintend the printing and publishing of such papers not
connected with the production as may be authorized or directed by the By-Laws,
the Club or the Board of Governors.
Section 7.-The Secretary and the Treasurer shall keep each other advised
from time to time of changes in the addresses of members.
Section 8.-The Secretary shall perform any other duty that the Club, the
By-Laws or the Board of Governors may, from time to time, assign him.
Section 9.-The Treasurer shall receive and be custodian of all the moneys
and s.ecurities of the Club. He shall render monthly reports supplemented by
quarterly statements of the financial condition of the Club to the Board of
Governors at their stated meetings. He shall be responsible for the prepara-
tion of the Annual Budget and shall submit the same to the Board of Governors
in sufficient time for approval by the Board p·rior to the incurring of substan-
tial expenditures in connection with the annual production. He shall keep a
regular set of books containing the accounts of the Club, showing the disposition
of all its funds that pass through his hands, and shall keep his account as
Treasurer in such bank or banks, or such other place or places of deposit, as
the Board of Governors may from time to time approve. His accounts shall be
audited annually before being presented to the Club, by a certified aacountant
appointed by the President.
The Treasurer's report shall be printed and forwarded by him to every
Alumni member of the Club at the conclusion of the fiscal year.
Section lo.-The Treasurer shall payout Club moneys as authorized by
the action of any annual or special meeting of the Club, or upon approval of
the Board of Governors in accordance with the By-Laws, or as provided for in
the Club Budget as approved by the Board of Governors. When expending
Club moneys authorized under the said Budget, he must have the approval
of the Business Manager for Production account expenses, or of the Chairman
of the House Committee for House account expenses. He may, however, on his
own responsibility expend such moneys as are necessary for the routine main-
tenance of the Club, or to meet emergencies, in which latter case his actions
shall be submitted for approval at the next meeting of the Board of Governors.
He shall notify the Elective Committee of the names of Undergraduate Mem-
bers who have become eligible for election to Alumni Membership. He shall
notify persons elected to membership of their election, and shall notify the
Secretary of their qualification.
45
Section H.-The Treasurer is hereby empowered to vote any and all shares
of stock, insurance policies and the like, held by the Club. His vote shall be
the vote of the Club.
Section I2.-The Treasurer shall settle at the boxoffice with the Treasurer
of the house during every public performance of the Club. In the absence of
the Treasurer, the Business Manager shall make such settlement or the same
may be made by any accredited representative of the Club designated by the
Treasurer and for whom he shall be responsible.
Section I3.-The Treasurer, upon election, shall give bond in such amount
and with such surety as shall be determined by the Board of Governors.
Section I4.-The Business Manager, or in his absence the Treasurer or any
accredited representative of the Club designated by the Business Manager and
for whom he shall be responsible, shall have control of the front of the house
at every public perfo,rmance of the Club. He shall have charge of the trips of
the Club, making all arrangements for the same, and shall have authority in
all matters of discipline on the trips.
Section Is.-The Business Manager shall attend to all matters relating to
the business of a production. He shall sign all contracts pertaining to the
Production for the Club. He may appoint one or more assistants to aid him
in the performance of his duties.
Section r6.-The Historian shall keep a detailed record of the Club's
activities and an individual record of the activities of each Club Member. He
shall have custody of the archives of the Club.
ARTICLE IV
BOARD OF GOVERNORS AND STANDING COMMITTEES
Section I.-Regular meetings of the Board of Governors shall be held
monthly, except during the months of July, August and September, at such time
and on such notice as the Governors may from time to time determine. Eleven
of the twenty-one members shall constitute a quorum provided that at least
six of the eleven shall be Alumni members. Special meetings of the Board
may be held, on not less than one day's notice in writing,. at the call of the
President or on the written request of two members of the Board.
Section 2.-At their first stated meeting after the Annual Meeting of the
Club the Board of Governors shall elect three standing Committees, namely:
(a) An Administrative Committee all of whom shall be members of
the Board of Governors, which shall have charge of all matters affecting
the Club finances, real estate holdings and general business relations. This
Committee shall appoint its own secretary, who shall keep a record of its
proceedings.
(b) A House Committee, which shall have charge of all matters af-
fecting the care and, management of the Club House and of the University
Dormitory Memorial Room.
(c) A Committee on Production, which shall have charge of all
matters affecting the Club's private and public dramatic performances,
including selection of scenarios, librettos, scenery, costumes, music and all
other theatrical accessories, and which shall have power to add to its
number by appointment from the membership of the Club, and also to
appoint such assistant or assistants as it may select to aid it in the work
of staging a production. The Treasurer and the Business Manager shall
be ex officio members of this Committee.
Section 3.-Each Standing Committee shall report to the Board upon the
matters lying within their respective spheres of action. Action by any Stand-
ing Committee shall be subject to the review and approval of the Board of
Governors.
Section +-The Board of Governors at any meeting shall have the power
in their discretion to appoint a stage Director and/or a Director of Publicity,
with such powers and authority as shall be vested in such appointees by the
Board at or after the time of such appointment.
Section
to adopt, al
0/ underg
ra
01 Club a
Section
to make dis
purpose, to
year,
Sectio
expressly c(
ilie Univer
ilie Board (
IUch lawful
oy these B!
or directed
ClubmemlJ
Sectio
or in conn
for tbe car
Sectio
ilie approv
put into e
acontinua
ilie Univen
Section
for Alumn'
Sectio
tary at the
nomination:
Committee.
Section
event of th
mittee witl
Alumni or
Section
Undergrad
members.
Section
School of
ilie regular
one year h
illinthe
e
to partieip
80me good
Governors
amajority
the Secreta
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right to ap
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Section 5.-The Board of Governors shall have power from time to time
to adopt, amend, and/or rescind rules and regulations governing the selection
of undergraduate managers and assistants and other workers in any department
of Club activities, and defining their powers and duties.
Section 6.-The Board of Governors shall have power in their discretion
to make disbursement of Club funds by gift, for any University of Pennsylvania
purpose, to an amount not exceeding One Thousand Dollars in anyone fiscal
year.
Section 7.-ln addition to the powers and authorities by these By-Laws
expressly conferred upon them, but subject to the limitation respecting gifts to
the University imposed upon them by Section 6 of this Article of these By-Laws,
the Board of Governors may exercise all such powers of the Club, and do all
such lawful acts and things, as are not by statute or by the Club's Charter or
by these By-Laws expressly forbidden to be done, or exercised by the Board,
or directed or required to be exercised or done according to the vote of the
Club members at a meeting of the Club.
Section g.-No part of the funds of the Club shall be used or disbursed for
or in connection with social functions or activities, or in any manner except
for the carrying out of the purposes of the Club as expressed in its charter.
Section 9.-All matters of broad policy shall be submitted to, and have
the approval of, the authorities of the University of Pennsylvania before being
put into effect by this organization, the purpose of this By-Law being to insure
a continuance of the existing close cooperation between this organization and
the University of Pennsylvania.
ARTICLE V
ELECTIVE COMMITTEE
Section I.-The Elective Committee shall consider and act upon proposals
for Alumni membership.
Section z.-The Elective Committee shall elect its chairman and its secre-
tary at their first meeting each year, and all communications relating to the
nominations for Alumni membership shall be addressed to, the Secretary of the
Committee.
Section 3.-It shall be the duty of the Chairman or of the Secretary in the
event of the Chairman's failure to act, to call a meeting of the Elective Com-
mittee within thirty days after receipt of any nomination or nominations for
Alumni or Life Membership.
ARTICLE VI
MEMBERSHIP
Section I.-There shall be four classes of membership in the Club, namely:
Undergraduate members. Alumni members, Life members, and Honorary
members.
Section 2.':-Any Undergraduate member, who willIe in an Undergraduate
School (If the University, fails in any year to participate in or contribute to
the regular Production of the Club, may be suspended for a period not exceeding
one year by a vote of a majority of the members of the Board of Governors,
if, in the opinion of such majority of the Board, such Undergraduate's failure
to participate in or contribute to the Annual Production has not been due to
some good and sufficient reason excusing such default. Before the Board of
Governors can take such action it shall have before it the recommendation of
a majority of the Undergraduate Committee and the members shall be given by
the Secretary of the Club seven (7) days' notice in writing to appear at the
meeting of the Board at which his case is to be acted upon. There shall be no
right to appeal from any suspension declared by the Board under this Section
of the By-Laws.
Section 3.-A member once elected to Undergraduate membership shall
remain so only while he is an undergraduate at the University of Pennsylvania,
47
provided that if such member leaves the University before the class in which he
originally matriculated shall have been graduated, he shaIl become eligible for
election to Alumni Membership when such class shall have been graduated. An
undergraduate member graduated at the February Convocation, however, shall
at once become eligible for election to Alumni membership. Students in the
Graduate Schools shall be ineligible to participate in the annual productions of
the Club.
Section 4.-Men who (a) have been Undergraduate members of the Club,
whose Undergraduate membership shall have ceased, and who shall have
become eligible under Section 3 of this Article; and men who (b) have con-
tributed to a regular production of the Club, have been bona fide students of
the University of Pennsylvania for at least one fuIl year, and shall be recom-
mended by a two-thirds vote of the Board of Governors, shall be eligible to
Alumni membership and such of the foregoing as shall have been favorably
acted Oil by the Elective Committee, shall, upon payment of an initiation fee
of twenty-five doIlars, and the dues of the current year or half year, become
Alumni members; and the election of any candidate shaIl be void if he fail to
make such payment within thirty days after notice of his election has been
mailed, addressed to him at the place given as his residence by his proposer.
Section 5.-Proposals for Alumni membership shall be made to the Elective
Committee through its Secretary, signed by the proposer and seconder, stating
the name and residence of the candidate. No such proposal shall be acted upon
by the Committee unless notice of the same shall have been mailed to every
member of the Club, with the names of the proposer and seconder, at least ten
days before the meeting at which action may be taken.
Section 6.-The Elective Committee shall vote separately upon the names
proposed, and no person shall be elected unless he shall receive the favorable
votes of a majority of the whole committee and not more than one negative vote.
No person against whom two or more negative votes shall have been cast shall
be eligible for nomination for six months thereafter; but any person who may
have failed of election by reason merely of not having the votes of a majority
of the whole Committee, may be again voted upon at any subsequent meeting.
Section 7.-Any Alumni member of the Club who has paid his annual dues
for a period of five years next preceding and who is in good standing may apply
to the Elective Committee for life membership. All applications shall remain
before the Committee until final action shall be taken thereon, or the names
be withdrawn. No application for life membership shaH be acted upon by
the Committee unless notice of the same shall have been mailed to every Alumni
member of the Club at least ten days before the meeting at which action may
be taken. A majority vote of the Committee shall elect to life membership. No
person who has failed of election to life membership may again make applica-
tion for a period of twelve months.
Section 8.-Honorary members may be elected from time to time from
amongst the Alumni or Life Members by a two-thirds vote of the Alumni and
Life members present at any regular or special meeting of the Club. Election
to Honorary membership shall carry with it remission of dues from date of
election.
Section 9.-All resignations must be presented in writing to the Secretary
of the Club. No resignation shall be received from any member in arrears
to the Club.
Section lo.-Any member may be suspended or expeIled for the wilful
infraction of any By-Law, stage rule, or house rule, or for acts or conduct
which may be deemed disorderly or injurious to the interests or hostile to the
objects of the Club, by a vote of four-fifths of the members of the Board of
Governors: Provided, The said member shaIl have been given seven days'
notice in writing by the Secretary to appear at the meeting of the Board at
which his case is to be acted upon.
Any member shall have the right to appeal from the judgment of the Board
of Governors by filing his appeal with the President within thirty days after
the rendering of the judgment. The President shall, within ten days thereafter,
call aspe
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call a special meeting of the Club, to be held within thirty days, for the purpose
of deciding the said member's appeal, and such decision by the Club shall be
final.
ARTICLE VII
DUES AND INITIATION FEES
Section I.-The annual dues of all members, other than Honorary and Life
members, shall be $10,00 a year, payable in advance on the first day of Febru-
ary, provided that any Alumni member of the Club who has been duly elected
a life member of the Club, may, by a further payment of $250.00, retain for
life, all the privileges of membership, without the payment of further dues.
Section 2.-No dues shall be payable by men elected to Undergraduate
membership following the annual production who will be graduated from the
University in the succeeding February. One-half the fixed annual fees shall
be payable by men elected to Undergraduate membership following the annual
production, who will be graduated from the University in the succeeding June.
Section 3.-When a member of the Club shaH be domiciled elsewhere
than Philadelphia or vicinity, the Board of Governors, upon written request,
shall have the power to reduce such member's dues one-half for the year or
years he is thus domiciled.
Section 4.-When the dues of any member shall remain unpaid for the
space of two months, the Treasurer shall notify him that, unless the same are
paid within two weeks thereafter, his name shall be posted as a delinquent,
and unless paid within two weeks after such posting, his membership shall
cease; and in case such dues be not paid pursuant to such notice, or such default
be not accounted for to the satisfaction of the Board of Governors, he shall
thereupon cease to be a member, and shall forfeit all his interest in the property
of the Club. No former Undergraduate member may become eligible for
Alumni member hip while he is in any way financially indebted to the Club.
Section 5.-The initiation fee for Alumni Membership shall be twenty-five
dollars. There shall be no initiation fee for Undergraduate Membership.
ARTICLE VIII
MEETINGS
Section I.-There shall be an Annual meeting of the Club at 12:30 P. M.
on the third Wednesday of January of every year.
Section 2.-At the annual meeting of the Club, the following order of
business shall be observed:
I. Reading of the Minutes of Previous Meeting.
2. Communications.
3. Report of Board of Governors.
4-. Report of Officers:
(a) Treasurer.
(b) Business Manager.
S. Report of Historian.
6. Reports of Committees: /'l
(a) Committee on Production. fl J c...-"".."
(b) House Committee.
7. Elections.
8. Unfinished and Deferred Business.
9. New Business.
10. Adjournment.
This order of business may be changed by a two-thirds vote of the members
present.
Section 3.-Upon written request of fiv'e members, or at the request of the
Board of Governors the President shall call a special meeting of the Club, on
not less than five days' notice in writing. This request, as also the notice of
any special meeting, shall state the object for which the meeting is called, and
at a special meeting no subject not so stated shall be considered.

Section 4.-Twenty members shall constitute a quorum at any meeting of
the Club, provided that none other than an Alumni, Honorary or Life Member
shall have any vote upon any que tion affecting the property of the Club or
involving disposition of Club funds.
Section 5.-No stranger shall be admitted to any business meeting of the
Club.
ARTICLE IX
RIGHTS AND PRIVILEGES OF MEMBERS
Section I.-When any member of the Club takes part in any performance
or entertainment of any kind whatsoever other than under the direct auspices
of the Club, the name and title, The Mask and Wig Club, or The Mask and
Wig Club of the University of Pennsylvania, shall not be used or published, or
in any way advertised in connection with said performance or entertainment,
unless by special permission of the Board of Governors.
Section 2.-All members of the Club shall be admitted free at every public
performance of the Club when it is possible so to arrange.
Section 3.-All members of the Club shall have the privilege of using the
Club House or rooms at all times, subject to the restrictions in the By-Laws,
and to the Rules and Regulations of the House Committee.
Section 4.-Whatever title or interest any person may by reason of his
membership acquire in the Club property, shall, upon his death, resignation,
suspension, or expulsion, vest in the Club: Provided, however, That none
other than an Alumni, Honorary, or Life member shall acquire any interest in
the property, either real or personal, of the Club.
ARTICLE X
FISCAL YEAR
Section I.-The fiscal year of the Club shall begin on the first day of
February, and end on the following 31st day of January of each year.
ARTICLE XI
AMENDMENTS
Section I'.-These By-Laws may be amended at any meeting of the Club
by a vote of two-thirds of the members present.
Section 2.-Notices of proposed amendments shall be printed and mailed by
the Secretary to each member of the Club at least seven days before luch
meeting.
HOUSE RULES
I
The Club House shall be open daily throughout the year.
n
The Club House may be rented by members of the Club, application to be
made in advance to the Chairman of the House Committee, for their individual
use only, and upon the following terms.
$10. for the Grill Room alone.
$30' additional, should the second floor be used for any purpose whatso-
ever, in connection with the Grill Room.
$30. for the second Boor without the Grill Room.
(In either instance the sum of $2. will be applied as a fee to the Janitor,
and no further compensation to him is necessary.)

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Neither the Club House, nor any part thereof, shall be rented to anyone
other than a member of the organization; and any violation of this rule will
result in the offenders being denied any further privilege of renting the Club
House, or any part thereof, at the discretion of the Board of Governors.
Should members desire to rent the Club House, or any part thereof, other
than for their individual entertainment, written application for the same, upon
forms supplied by the Chairman of the House Committee, with explanation of
the nature of the proposed entertainment, must be made to the Board of Govern-
ors, who, at their discretion, may grant this privilege.
III
No article of any description which is the property of the Club, or loaned
thereto, shall be taken from the House except by the authority of the Board of
Governors, or by the written consent of its owner.
IV
No member shall give any money or gratuity to any servant,
V
All suggestions or complaints must be made in writing, and addressed to
the Chairman of the House Committee.
VI
Every member of the Club shall have free access to all parts of the Club
House, except (I) to the office, which shall be used only by the officers and
members of the Board of Governors and of standing committees; and (2) to
the second story during the progress of a rehearsal, unless with the special
permission of the Committee on Production.
VII
No one who is not a member of the Club shall be admitted to the Club
House more than once in one month. This rule applies only to such non-mem-
bers as are residents of this city.
VIII
Any member of the Club may introduce a stranger upon registering, in a
book to be kept for that purpose, the name and residence of such stranger, and
the date of such introduction, which the said member shall sign. Such intro-
duction shall not confer the right of re-entrance.
IX
Not more than 200 tickets shall be issued for any entertainment or perform-
ance taking place in the auditorium.
X
The non-exclusive use of the Grill Room by any member between the hours
of twelve noon and nine P. M., having not more than five (5) guests, shall be
without charge other than actual service and a fee of $1.00 to the janitor.