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Zakâh Must Be Paid on the Same Wealth Year After Year

05/12/2013 04:06

Published on IslamToday - English (http://en.islamtoday.net)
Home > Zakâh Must Be Paid on the Same Wealth Year After Year

Zakâh Must Be Paid on the Same Wealth
Year After Year
Zakah & Charity [1]
Date:
Wed, 01/01/2003
Author:
Prepared by the research committee of IslamToday.net [2]
Body:
There is a new and unprecedented idea circulating these days regarding the payment of
Zakâh. This is a grave situation indeed, since Zakâh is one of the five pillars of Islam. Some
people are claiming that once a person pays Zakâh on wealth that is in his possession, he
never again has to pay Zakâh on that same wealth as long as he lives. Those that are making
this claim are challenging others to bring forth evidence from the Qur'ân and Sunnah to the
contrary.
In truth, the idea that once Zakâh is paid on specific wealth, then that wealth is exempted from
Zakâh forever - this is the new idea that no one had ever understood from the evidence
before. It was not understood by the Companions during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace be
upon him) nor by anyone thereafter… at least not until now.
It is, in fact, a matter of juristic consensus (ijmâ`) that Zakâh must be paid on all wealth that
remains with a person for a full year, even if the owner of that wealth paid Zakâh on it the
previous year. Ibn Qudâmah said: "We do not know any disagreement therein, and whoever
says something to the contrary is clearly mistaken." [al-Mughnî (4/73)]
It was related by `Ali that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "If you have 200 dirhams and
a year passes, then you must pay on it five dirhams. You do not have to pay anything for the
gold you possess until it reaches twenty dinars. If you possess twenty dinars and a year
passes, then you are liable to pay half a dinar." [Related by Abu Dâwûd and authenticated by
al-Albânî in Sahîh al-Sunan] Nowhere in this hadîth does it say that this is only for the first
year that the money is in your possession. Its wording is general for any money in your
possession for a full year. Anyone making a claim to the contrary is the one who must furnish
proof.
It was also related by `Abd Allah b. Mu'âwiyah that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
"Whoever does three things will feel the taste of belief: worshipping Allah alone, believing that
there is no god but Allah, and paying Zakâh willingly and continuously every year." [Sunan
Abu Dâwûd 1580 with an authentic line of transmission]
We can see clearly how the Zakâh is levied on the same wealth year after year if we consider
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net/print/3341 Page 2 of 3 . we must mention that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said that on the Day of Resurrection: "…camels will come to their owner in the best state of health they ever had in their worldly lives. In order to properly understand how Zakâh is levied on livestock. http://en. Anas b. They only leave the herd when they are slaughtered. A herd of animals does not get replaced annually. The animals live for many years in the herd. then only the new animals in the herd would have to be counted. and if he had not paid their Zakâh. then for every forty camels (over one-hundred-and-twenty) one two-year-old camel is to be paid. and if he had not paid their Zakâh (in the world) then they would tread him with their feet. If the number of camels increases to five. Similarly. but if the owner wants to pay he can… This description should make it perfectly clear that Zakâh is levied on the same wealth year after year. the owner has to pay one sheep as Zakâh. This is clearly not the case. he wrote to me the following: In the name of Allah. one two-year-old camel is to be paid. and for over three-hundred sheep. but if the owner of these four camels wants to give something. 2. and if the number is between sixty-one to seventy-five. As regards the Zakâh for sheep. sheep are to be paid as Zakâh. the Beneficent. Mâlik said: "When Abu Bakr. two sheep are to be paid. he can. Nowhere does it make that qualification. for every extra hundred sheep.islamtoday. For twenty-four camels or less. it would have needed to specify that only newborn animals and newly acquired livestock are to be counted. and which Allah had ordered His Messenger to observe. Whoever amongst the Muslims is asked to pay Zakâh according to what is described herein. two three-year-old camels are to be paid. and if there are between one-hundred-and-twenty to two hundred (sheep). And if somebody possesses less than forty sheep. in fact a considerable number of years when we are dealing with camels. one four-year-old camel is to be paid. and if there are between twohundred to three-hundred (sheep). sheep will come to their owner in the best state of health they ever had in the world. Otherwise. For silver the Zakâh is one-fortieth of the lot (i.e. we must carefully read the document that Abû Bakr wrote to his appointee to Bahrain explaining in detail the payment of Zakâh on both livestock and money. a single one-year-old camel is to be paid. and if there are between twenty-five to thirty-five camels. if there are between forty and one-hundred-and-twenty sheep. has to pay nothing as Zakâh. he can. and if there are between thirty-six to fortyfive camels. In case someone might object to the idea that there is Zakâh on livestock." [Sahîh al-Bukhârî] This hadîth shows just how serious the matter of Zakâh is and why it is important to make sure that we pay what is due from us. sent me to Bahrain. three sheep are to be paid. and whoever has got only four camels. two two-year-old camels are to be paid. for every five camels one sheep is to be paid. one sheep is to be paid. sold. the Merciful.Zakâh Must Be Paid on the Same Wealth Year After Year 05/12/2013 04:06 the Zakâh on livestock. and whoever is asked more than that should not pay it. no Zakâh is required. and if there are between forty-six to sixty (camels). and if there are from ninety-one to one-hundred-and twenty. and for every fifty camels (over one-hundred-and-twenty) one three-year-old camel is to be paid. Zakâh is not required. then he should pay it to the Zakâh collector. one sheep is to be paid as Zakâh.5%). These are the orders for Zakâh that Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) had made obligatory for every Muslim. and if there are over one-hundred and-twenty. one three-year-old camel is to be paid. or die. and if its value is less than two-hundred Dirhams. and if the number is between seventy-six to ninety. If Zakâh is to be levied on specific wealth in a person's possession only once. but if he wants to give. then they would tread him with their hooves and would butt him with their horns.

are coming up with misconceptions that have never been heard of before. They only understand Zakâh in terms of money and.htm http://en. In the old days.net/artlist-10-393. It is a matter of consensus. there was no practical way to count all the gold and silver in a person's possession. There was no objection to this practice during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace be upon him) nor during the lives of those who came after him.net/artshow-393-3341.net/print/3341 Page 3 of 3 . then that wealth is eternally exempted from Zakâh for all of the years it remains in the same person's possession.islamtoday. Nowhere is it specified by the provision that Zakâh is only due on wealth that has never had Zakâh paid on it before. they counted all the heads of all the livestock again. by misunderstanding the textual evidence. and camels in their possession. Zakah & Charity Source URL: http://en. The burden of proof falls on the shoulders of those people who are making such a claim.htm Links: [1] http://en. The only difference is that collectors of Zakâh could only effectively count the heads of cattle and estimate the amount of agricultural produce. including those animals that were counted in the previous year. This would be the necessary procedure after the first year if Zakâh is to be levied on specific wealth only once. just because someone today has come up with a new idea.Zakâh Must Be Paid on the Same Wealth Year After Year 05/12/2013 04:06 When the Companions sent their tax assessors to the people to take the Zakâh on their livestock. sheep. All of the textual evidence about Zakâh is general. they counted the heads of all cattle. the following year. especially on a matter as important as one of the pillars of Islam. This practice then continued unabated throughout the Muslim world wherever Islamic Law was implemented. We cannot go against the consensus of the Muslim nation from the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him) onwards.islamtoday. They did not count only the heads of newborn animals and yearlings and enquire about which animals were newly purchased. Please note that there is no difference between money (gold and silver) and livestock in the obligation of paying Zakâh annually. They usually had to rely on the honesty and piety of the people in that matter. Likewise. This means clearly that Zakâh was always being paid on the same wealth year after year. We believe the problem today is that people are no longer living under Islamic Law and they have lost touch with the practical meaning of Zakâh. Never has it once been mentioned that Zakâh was levied only on the livestock that was newly acquired or that was newly born.htm [2] http://en.net/author-246. It is a newly concocted idea that once Zakâh is paid on specific wealth.islamtoday.islamtoday. Both are mentioned in the same document.