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Chapter -1

Introduction
Q1. State two advantages and two disadvantages of steel as construction material.
Q2. Write the full form of ISA, ISWB, ISNT, ISLC.
Q3. Write the title for following IS Codes:
IS 226 1975
IS 800 1984
IS 875 1987
IS 961- 1975
Q4. Draw neat sketch of unequal angle section and channel section with their geometric properties.
Q5. Define dead load, live load, wind load and seismic load.
Q6. State suitability of steel as construction material with reference to span, earthquake corrosion
and ultimate strength.
Q7. Draw unequal angle section and channel section showing Cxy , Cyy, XX,YY, t, h, b, tw,tf. State
two uses of each section.
Q8. Enlist two I.S. codes used for design of steel structure.
Q9. Write the meaning of ISMC and ISNT. Draw neat sketch of equal angle section, T section and
channel section.
Q10. State two situations where steel structures are preferred.

Chapter 2
Joints in Steel Structures (Limit State Method)
Q1. Define bolt value. How and why is it calculated?
Q2. State two methods of failure of bolted joints.
Q3.What will be the hole diameter if the nominal diameter of rivet is i)20mm ii)28mm iii)25mm iv)22mm
Q4. Define pitch distance and gauge distance of bolts
Q5. Draw typical plan and section elevation of double bolted lap joint and single cover double
bolted butt joint.
Q6. 12 mm thick plates are connected using double bolted lap joint using 16 mm diameter bolts of
4.6 grade at a pitch of 80 mm. Calculate strength and efficiency of joint.
Q7. Two plates 12 mm x 60 mm are connected in lap joint with 4 bolts of 16 mm diameter as shown
in Fig. Determine the strength of the joint. Ultimate strength of bolt material = 400 MPa and
ultimate strength of plate material = 410 MPa.

60mm

30

40

40

40

30

Q8. Design a lap joint connecting two plates 120 mm x 8 mm to transmit a factored load of 120 kN.
Use 12 mm diameter bolts of grade 4.6 and plates of grade 410.
Q9.A flat 250x10 mm is connected to a gusset plate using 20mm bolts of 4.6 grade. Design the
connection using lap joint. Also draw the sketch showing design connection.
Q10.Determinr the bolt value 16mm diameter bolt of 4.6 grades used to connect two angles
ISA 80 x 50 x 6 mm placed back to back on both sides of 8mm thick gusset plate. Also determine the
number of bolts required for a joint when it carries a factored load of 106.5 kN.
Q11. State the relation between throat thickness and size of fillet weld.
Q12. Draw a neat sketch of double V butt joint in weld.
Q13. State the relation between throat thickness and size of fillet weld.
Q14. State two types of welded joints.
Q15. A tie member 75 mm x 8 mm has to transmit an axial load of 90 kN. Design the fillet weld and
calculate the necessary overlap. Consider the welding on all four sides.

Q16. A 100 mm wide and 12 mm thick tie plate has been connected to a gusset plate by a 10 mm
fillet weld. The lap of the plate over gusset plate is 120 mm. Fillet welding has been done on two
longitudinal edges and not at ends. Find out the strength of the fillet welded joint.
Q17. A tie in a truss consists of a pair of angles ISA 50 x 50 x 6 mm welded on either side of a 8 mm
thick gusset plate. Design the welded joint.
Q18. Design a suitable fillet weld to connect a tie bar 80 x 10 mm to a 12 mm thick gusset plate. Use
I.S. specifications for stresses.
Q19. Design a suitable fillet weld to connect a tie bar 100 x 12 mm to a 16 mm thick gusset plate.
The design stresses in the tie bar and fillet weld shall be assumed as per IS specifications.
Q20. Calculate minimum pitch to be provided to connect 12 mm thick plates using 10 mm diameter
rivets. Double riveted lap joint is to be provided.

Chapter 3
Design of tension Members (LSM)
Q1. Define tension member.
Q2. Enlist four type of section used as tension member
Q3. A flat 150 mm x 8 mm is used as a tension member with 20 mm diameter bolts. Find the
minimum net area.
Q4. Design a single angle tension member to carry a pull of 220 kN (service load). It is connected
with gusset plate with fillet weld. Design also the welded end connection.
Q5. Design a tension member to carry an axial service load of 210 kN. Double angle section with
gusset plate in between is to be used. 18 mm diameter bolts are used. Available angle sections are
given in Table
Table
Angle Size
65 x 65 x 6
70 x 70 x 6
80 x 80 x 6
70 x 70 x 8

Cross-section area in mm2


744
806
929
1058

Q6. Calculate the strength of a tension member consisting of 2 ISA 90 x 60 x 8 mm placed back to
back on the opposite sides of gusset plate. Tack rivets are provided along the length of member.
Q7. Calculate the net effective area of one ISA 90 x 90 x 8 mm thickness by means of fillet welds.
Q8. A tension member consists of 2 ISA 100 x 100 x 10 mm connected back to back at same face of
gusset plate. Calculate its net area if 20 mm diameter bolts are used for the connection. Also find
design tensile strength.
Q9. Two ISA 100 x 75 x 8 mm placed back to back on same side of gusset plate 10 mm thick to act as
a tension member. Calculate the design strength of tension member if
(i)
(ii)

Tack bolts are provided.


If tack bolts are not provided.

Chapter 4
Design of Compression Members (LSM)
Q1. Define the effective length and slenderness ration for the column.
Q2. State any two end conditions of column and their equivalent length.
Q3. When lacing is provided for column? Give the function of lacing.
Q4. Sketch the four and conditions of column showing their effective length.
Q5. A double angle discontinuous strut is made of ISA 125 X 95 X 10 mm with long legs connected
back to back on both the sides of gusset plate 10 mm thick with two bolts. The length of the strut
between center to center of intersections is 4 m. determine the design load carrying capacity of the
section.
Q6. Calculate the design compressive load carried by a double angle discontinuous strut composed
of 12 ISA 80 X 50 X 8 mm placed back to back and connected on both sides of the gusset plate 8 mm
thick by two rivets. The actual length of the strut is 3 m.
For ISA 80 X 50 X 8
A = 978 mm2
Cx = 27.3 mm
Cy = 12.4 mm
Ix = 0.38 X 104 mm4
Iy = 61.9 X 104 mm4
Q7. A compression member is build using two channel sections ISLC 350@ 389 N/m placed back-toback. The unsupported length is 8m. It is effectively held in position at both ends and restrained
against rotation at one end. Determine the design compressive load the member can carry. Also
determine the distance between these two channels for Ixx = Lyy.
For ISLC 350 @389 N/m,
A = 49.50 cm2
bf = 100 mm
Cyy = 2.42 cm
Ixx = 9330 cm4
Iyy = 396 cm4

Q8. A strut in a roof truss 2.2 m long is of 65 X 65 X 6 mm, double angle connected to a 12 mm thick
gusset plate on same side of it. It is connected by two rivets at each end.
Calculate the design load carrying capacity. For ISA 65 X 65 X 6 mm.
A = 744 mm2
Lxx = Iyy = 29.1 X 104 mm4
Cxx = Cyy = 18.1 mm
Q9. Design a single angle strut to carry a service load of 100 kN. The effective lengh of member is
2.70 m the ends of strut connected by weld.
Q10. A column consists of four angles 100 mm X 100 mm X 10 mm forming square of 300 mm X 300
mm. Find its design strength if effective length is 5.0 m.
For ISA 100 X 100 X 100
A = 1903 mm2
rmin = 19.4 mm2

Chapter 5
Beams (LSM)
Q1. State the design steps of rolled steel beam when it is laterally restrained.
Q2. State the plate girder? Write the functions of web plate and bearing stiffeners.
Q3. Draw the neat sketch of plate girder show the various components.
Q4. Determine the shape factor about xx - axis of ISMB 400. Take fy = 250MPa
Q5. An ISMB 300 is used as beam over a simply supported span of 6 m (effective), It is subjected to
u.d.I. 20 KN/m (inclusive of self weight) over entire span. Check the safety of beam for bending,
shearing and deflection.
Properties of ISMB 300 @ N/m are bf = 140 mm tf = 13.1 mm, tw = 7.7 mm, Ixx = 8985.7 X 104 mm4,
Zxx = 599 X 103 mm3, r1 = 14.0 mm, Zp = 651.74 X 103 mm3.
Q6. A bean of 7.5 m effective span carries a u.d.l. of 19.40 kN/m inclusive of its own weight. Design
the beam using IS 800 specifications. The compression flange is held against lateral displacement.
Consider fy as 250 MPa.
Q7. A simply supported beam carries u.d.l. of 45 kN/m inclusive of self weight over an effective span
of 7 m. The beam is laterally supported throughout. Check whether ISLB 400 will be sufficient or not.
Also check the same section for bending , deflection and shear. Take the value of E = 200 GPa.
Properties of ISLB 450 @ 65.3 kg/m:
A = 8314 mm2, Width of flange, bf = 170 mm, Zxx = 1223.8 x 103 mm3, Zp = 1401.35 x 103 mm3, tf =
13.4 mm, tw = 8.6 mm, Root radius, r1 = 16.0 mm.
Q8. Draw neat sketch of plate girder (cross-section and longitudinal elevation). Show the various
components therein.
Q9. Define plate girder. When it is provided? State the function of vertical stiffener.

Chapter 6
Column Bases (LSM)
Q1. A Column 15MB 300 carries on axial load of 1200 kN. Design a slab base and concrete pedestal
for the column. The SBC of the soil is 180 kN/m2 and M20 grade concrete is used for concrete
pedestal.
Q2. Draw plan, elevation and side view of a gusseted base showing all components.
Q3. What is necessity of column bases? What is the use of steel base plate in column bases?
Q4. Define slab base and gusseted base. In which column base, the thickness of base plate is
minimum and why?
Q5. A column ISHB 250 @ 51 kg/m, carries an axial service load of 600kN. Design a slab base for the
column. The grade of concrete is M15. Flange width of ISHB 250 is 250 mm. SBC = 200 kN/m2 .
Q6. Design a suitable slab base for a column having a section ISHB 300 @ 58.8 kg/m and carrying an
axial load of 900 kN. The bearing capacity of the soil is 250 kN/m2. The grade concrete is M15.
Concrete block need not to be designed.
Q7. Design a slab base for the column ISHB 250 @ 510 N/m, carrying an axial load of 600 kN, flange
width of the column is 250 mm. The grade of concrete is 15 M15. Take SBC of soil = 150kN/m2.

Chapter 7 Steel Roof Truss (LSM)


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What loads are considered in designing roof truss?


What is Purlin? State the procedure for design of Purlin.
State any eight types of trusses.
Draw the neat sketch of Pratt truss and Howe truss with 8 panels.
Write the steps of design of angle purlin by IS code.
Draw the neat sketch of roof truss showing components parts. Also define the
component parts.
Define Angle Purlin.
Calculate the panel point dead load for Pratt truss of span = 16m, No. of panels = 6,
Pitch = 1/4, spacing of trusses = 4m c/c, weight of roof covering = 120 N/m2 , weight of
purlin = 80 N/m2 , weight of bracing = 75 N/m2, show the panel point dead load on
sketch.
Calculate WL and LL per panel point for the Pratt roof truss with the following data
Span = 20m,
Spacing of trusses = 4m,
Pitch = 1/5
No. of panel points = 10
Coefficient of external wind pressure = 0.3p
Coefficient of internal wind pressure = - 0.2p
Design wind pressure = 150 N/m2
Design an equal angle purlin for a roof truss having following details:
a) Spacing of trusses = 3.5m
b) Span of truss = 15m , rise=3m
c) Spacing of purlins = 1.35m
d) Weight of G. I. sheets = 130 N/m2
e) Wind load on purlin = 1170 N/m2