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Combined Cycle Power Plant

Training Simulator

PLANT OPERATING
PROCEDURES
Prepared by:

Issued March 2010

5061 Fort Avenue


Voice: 434.485.7100

Lynchburg, VA 24502 USA


Fax: 434.485.7101

INTRODUCTION
These Operating Procedures are intended to be used with the Combined Cycle Power Plant (CCPP)
Simulator only. The procedures will serve as guidance for operating the simulator during normal
operation.
The following procedures are included:

Operating Procedure No. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


Operating Procedure No. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual
Operating Procedure No. 3 Load Maneuvering
Operating Procedure No. 4 Unit Shutdown Automatic
Operating Procedure No. 5 Unit Shutdown Manual
Operating Procedure No. 6 Unit Startup Simple Cycle Mode
Operating Procedure No. 7 Unit Shutdown Simple Cycle Mode

Combined Cycle Power Plant Simulator


Plant Operating Procedures

March 2010
Page 1

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


Purpose
This provides instructions for safely and efficiently starting the Combined Cycle Power Plant in the Combined Cycle Mode
from cold conditions using the automatic plant startup sequencer. The instructions include starting the auxiliary systems,
starting and synchronizing the combustion turbines (CT), establishing the heat recovery steam generators (HRSG), rolling
and synchronizing the steam turbine (ST), and ramping the unit load to full load (~720 MW).
This procedure assumes the following initial conditions:

Returning the plant to operation after a scheduled outage


AC electrical buses are de-energized
CT and ST Generator Hydrogen Seal Oil Systems are in service with the DC seal oil pumps operating
CT and ST generators are pressurized with hydrogen
ST Lube Oil System is in service with the DC lube oil pump operating
ST first stage metal temperature is < 200C (cold conditions)
Condenser hotwell, deaerator storage tank, and HRSG drums are drained
All clearances are released

Note: This procedure cannot replace intelligent logical reasoning by the operator, especially when coping with unforeseen
operating conditions that this procedure does not address. Therefore, this procedure should be used in conjunction with
applicable safety standards and common sense operating practices.
Limitations and Precautions
Observe the following system/equipment limitations and precautions during Combined Cycle Power Plant startup in the
Combined Cycle Mode:

Prior to starting equipment, direct the auxiliary operator (AO) to locally verify that the equipment is ready for startup
and that personnel are clear.
Prior to starting motors and pumps, verify that there is proper lubrication.
Ensure that pumps and piping are properly vented, charged, and warmed to avoid cavitation, water hammer, and
thermal shock.
Successive attempts to start a 6.9 kV motor will generate excessive heat that can damage the motor windings. Two
successive starts are permissible during initial starting from ambient temperature conditions. If a motor fails to start
on the second attempt, observe a 30-minute cooling period.
Hold the CTs at 50 MW until the chemistry technician reports that the steam plant water quality is satisfactory for
increasing load.
Some 416v motors will start when 416v bus supply breakers are closed resulting in an immediate load on the bus.
These motors cannot be operated from the simulator operator consoles and include both CT vent fans, bearing oil lift
pumps, lube oil pumps, seal oil pumps, seal oil vacuum pumps, mist eliminator and transformer cooling fans, and the
ST hydraulic cooler circulation pump, turning gear, emergency bearing oil pump, and the backup seal oil pump.
Operate equipment within its maximum loading limit and optimal range according to the following table:
Equipment
CT generator
ST generator
HP boiler feedwater pump
IP/LP boiler feedwater pump
Condensate pump
Circulating water pump
Fuel oil pump

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Limitation
225 MW
270 MW
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity
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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


Procedure
Perform each step of the procedure in numerical sequence. As each step is completed, initial the space provided in the left
column before proceeding to the next step.
Note:
The various control displays that the operator uses to accomplish the procedure (DCS, CT Mk-V, ST Mk-V, and
electrical monitoring panel (EMP)) are listed at the bottom of each step in bold type.
Steps 129 of this procedure are identical to steps 129 of Operating Procedure No. 2, Cold Unit Startup Manual
(OP2). The remaining steps of the two procedures differ. Use this procedure to start up using the automatic plant
startup sequencer. Use OP2 to start up using manual controls. Use OP6 to startup in the Simple Cycle Mode.
Identical parameters displayed on different screens may display slight value differences, and/or a have a slight delay
in updating. These update only when their values change by a predetermined amount. However, the overwhelming
majority will immediately update. This issue does not apply to Mark V or hardpanel screens.
_______

1. 6.9 kV Electrical System


a. Direct the AO to line up the 6.9 kV Electrical System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Verify that ~230 kV is indicated on intermediate switchyard bus SWYD B1 (801)
c. Verify that the tap changer control for the reserve auxiliary transformer is set at 0 in OFF
d. CLOSE the reserve auxiliary transformer supply breaker 80142C
e. Verify that the reserve auxiliary transformer voltage is ~6.9 kV
f. Cycle the bus transfer selector switches 43AM/1-3 and 43AM/2-4 to AUTO and then to MAN
g. CLOSE breaker DG11 on bus CAPK-SWG-1
h. OPEN the following breakers 103B on bus 1APE-SWG-1:
103B
102B
i. Energize bus 1APE-SWG-1:
CLOSE breaker 108B
Verify that ~6.9 kV is indicated on bus 1APE-SWG-1
j. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APE-SWG-1:
101B
103A
106B
k. OPEN breaker 206B on bus 1APE-SWG-2
l. Energize bus 1APE-SWG-2:
CLOSE breaker 201B
Verify that ~6.9 kV is indicated on bus 1APE-SWG-2
m. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APE-SWG-2:
202B
204A
207B
n. Energize bus 1APE-SWG-3 from 1APE-SWG-1:
CLOSE breaker 306B
Verify that ~6.9 kV is indicated on bus 1APE-SWG-3
o. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APE-SWG-3:
303A
303B
p. Energize bus 1APE-SWG-4 from 1APE-SWG-2:
CLOSE breaker 401B
Verify that ~6.9 kV is indicated on bus 1APE-SWG-4
q. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APE-SWG-4:
404A
403B
EMP

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


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2.

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416 V Electrical System


Direct the AO to line up the 416 V Electrical System for service and verify that personnel are clear
OPEN breaker 104B on bus CAPC-SUS-12
Energize bus CAPC-SUS-12 from 1APE-SWG-1:
CLOSE breaker 102B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus CAPC-SUS-12
d. CLOSE the following breakers on bus CAPC-SUS-12:
103C
104C
e. Energize bus CAPC-SUS-22 from 1APE-SWG-2:
CLOSE breaker 107B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus CAPC-SUS-22
f. CLOSE the following breakers on bus CAPC-SUS-22:
106C
105C
g. OPEN breaker 107B on bus 1APC-SUS-11
h. Energize bus 1APC-SUS-11 from 1APE-SWG-1:
CLOSE breaker 102B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus 1APC-SUS-11
i. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APC-SUS-11:
107C
107D
104C
j. Energize bus 1APC-SUS-21 from 1APE-SWG-2:
CLOSE breaker 113B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus 1APC-SUS-21
k. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APC-SUS-21:
110B
110C
108B
111C
l. OPEN breaker 206B on bus 1APC-SUS-31
m. Energize bus 1APC-SUS-31 from 1APE-SWG-3:
CLOSE breaker 202B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus 1APC-SUS-31
n. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APC-SUS-31:
204B
203B
205C
o. Energize bus 1APC-SUS-41 from 1APE-SWG-4:
CLOSE breaker 209B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus 1APC-SUS-41
p. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APC-SUS-41:
207C
207B
208B
q. OPEN breaker 306C on bus 1APC-SUS-32
r. Energize bus 1APC-SUS-32 from 1APE-SWG-3:
CLOSE breaker 302B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus 1APC-SUS-32
CLOSE breaker 303B on bus 1APC-SUS-32
s. Energize bus 1APC-SUS-42 from 1APE-SWG-4:
CLOSE breaker 310B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus 1APC-SUS-42

a.
b.
c.

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


t.

_______

At the DCS displays, line up the following 416 V Electrical System breakers:
CLOSE breaker 1APC-52-105C to supply power to Air Compressor 1A
CLOSE breaker 1APC-52-111B to supply power to Air Compressor 1B
CLOSE breaker CAPC-52-102C to supply power to Fire Pump 1A
CLOSE breaker CAPC-52-107C to supply power to Fire Pump 1B

DCS: 1-416V11
DCS: 1-416V21
DCS: 1-416V12
DCS: 1-416V22

_______

3. Control and Station Air Systems


a. Direct the AO to line up the Control and Station Air Systems for service and verify that personnel are
clear
b. Set the control air pressure valve (1CAA-ACV-005) setpoint at 7.0 bar and place in AUTO
c. START one air compressor (1CAA-CMP-1) A/B
d. Verify the indications of a normal compressor start:
Compressor indication changes to red
Service air receiver (1CAA-AR-1) pressure stabilizes at ~8.5 barg
Control air receiver (1CAB-AR-1) pressure stabilizes at ~7 barg
e. Place the standby air compressor (1CAA-CMP-1) A/B in AUTO
f. Place the Block 1/Block 2 instrument air tie valve (1CAB-ABV-001) in AUTO
DCS: 1CNTLSTA

_______

4. ST Lube Oil System


a. Verify that the ST Emergency Bearing Lube Oil Pump (1TGD-P-204) is running
b. Place the DC Lube Oil Pump Mode in REMOTE ENABLE
c. START the ST Lube Oil Reservoir Vapor Extractor (1TDG-BL-200)
d. Verify the indication of a normal extractor start (extractor indication changes to red)
e. START one AC bearing oil pump (1TGD-P-200) A/B
f. Verify the indication of a normal pump start (pump indication changes to red)
g. Place the standby AC bearing oil pump (1TGD-P-200) A/B in AUTO
h. STOP the ST Emergency Bearing Lube Oil Pump (1TGD-P-204)
i. Verify that the ST Emergency Bearing Lube Oil Pump (1TGD-P-204) indicates AUTO
j. Verify that ST bearing header lube oil pressure (BHDR) stabilizes at > 0.4 bar
DCS: 1STBRGLO
ST Mk-V: Turning Gear

_______

5. ST Turning Gear
Note: The ST turning gear motor automatically starts when the 1APC-SUS-41 bus is energized.
Verify the following indications:
Speed: 5 RPM
Motor Status: RUNNING
Turning Gear: ENGAGED
ST Mk-V: Turning Gear

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OP1_CCPP-4

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


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6. ST Generator Hydrogen Seal Oil System


a. Verify that the ST Emergency Seal Oil Pump (2TGG-P-201) is running
b. Place the DC Seal Oil Pump Mode in REMOTE ENABLE
c. START the main seal oil pump (1TGG-P-200)
d. Verify the indication of a normal pump start (pump indication changes to red)
e. STOP the ST Emergency Seal Oil Pump (1TGG-P-201)
Note: Once started, the seal oil pump cannot be stopped from the operator console.
f. Verify that the ST Emergency Seal Oil Pump (1TGG-P-201) indicates AUTO
g. START the ST Seal Oil Vacuum Pump (1TGG-P-202)
h. Verify the indication of a normal pump start (pump indication changes to red)
DCS: 1STHG1SL

_______

7. ST Hydraulic Power Unit (HPU)


a. Direct the AO to line up the ST HPU for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. START one ST HPU pump (2TGH-P-200) A/B
c. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Hydraulic oil supply pressure stabilizes at ~113 bar
d. Place the standby ST HPU pump (2TGH-P-200) A/B in AUTO
DCS: 1STHYOIL
ST Mk-V: Startup

_______

8. Bypass Valves HPU


a. Direct the AO to line up the bypass valves HPU for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. START one bypass valves HPU pump (2HPA-P) 120/121
c. Verify the indication of a normal pump start (pump indication changes to red)
d. Place the standby bypass valves HPU pump (2HPA-P) 120/121 in AUTO
Note: To access the bypass valves HPU display, select BYPASS VLV HPU on either the BLK 1 HP Bypass
1A or the BLK 1 HP Bypass 1B display.
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

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OP1_CCPP-5

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


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9. Common Demineralized Water System


a. Direct the AO to line up the Common Demineralized Water System for service and verify that
personnel are clear
Note: Perform the following on Local Operation Screen 2:
OPEN the demineralized water transfer pump discharge valves
Set the site demineralized water tank fill valve setpoint at 10.0 m
b. Verify that the level in the site demineralized water storage tank is NOT low
c. Set the demineralized water pump recirc valves (CFWF-ACV-006) A/B/C/D setpoint at 45 l/s and place
in AUTO
d. START one demineralized water transfer pump (CFWF-P-2) A/B/C/D
e. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Pump recirc valve (CFWF-ACV-006) A/B/C/D opens ~75%
Flow stabilizes at ~45 l/s
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~8 barg
f. Place the standby demineralized water transfer pumps (CFWF-P-2) A/B/C/D in AUTO
DCS: CDMWTRSY

_______

10. Demineralized Water System


a. Direct the AO to line up the Demineralized Water System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Set the demineralized water storage supply valve (1FWF-ACV-008) setpoint at 10,000 mm and place in
AUTO
c. Verify that the level in the demineralized water storage tank is NOT low
d. Set the demineralized water M/A station (1FWF-ACV-013) setpoint at 3,000 mm and place in AUTO
e. Verify that the level in the condensate storage tank is NOT low
DCS: 1DMWTRSY

_______

11. Condenser Hotwell Fill


a. Direct the AO to line up the condenser hotwell for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. START the condensate transfer pump (1FWF-P-3)
c. Verify the indication of a normal pump start (indication changes to red)
d. Set the condenser hotwell make-up M/A station (1FWC-ACV-004A) setpoint at 0 mm and place in
AUTO
e. Place the condenser hotwell emergency make-up valve (1FWC-ABV-004B) in AUTO
f. Verify that the condenser hotwell level is established and maintained near 0 mm
DCS: 1DMWTRSY
DCS: 1SURFCND

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


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12. Common Circulating Water Makeup (CWMU) System


a. Direct the AO to line up the CWMU System for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing the circ water sump pump manual valves in
HOLDING POND.
b. Verify that the level in at least one surge tank is NOT low
c. Set the CWMU recirc valves (CHRD-ACV-005) A/B/C/D/E setpoints at 100 l/s and place in AUTO
d. Verify that the CT aux cooling tower supply valve (1HRD-ACV-007) is CLOSED in MANUAL
e. Verify that the main cooling tower level control M/A station (1HRD-ACV-008) is CLOSED in
MANUAL
f. START one CWMU pump (CHRD-P-1) A/B/C/D/E
g. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Pump recirc valve opens ~100%
Flow stabilizes at ~55 l/s
Pressure stabilizes at ~3 barg
h. Place one CWMU pump (CHRD-P-1) A/B/C/D/E in AUTO
i. Set the CT aux cooling tower supply valve (1HRD-ACV-007) setpoint at 0 mm and place in AUTO
j. Verify that the CT aux cooling tower basin level is established and maintained near 0 mm
k. Set the main cooling tower level control M/A station (1HRD-ACV-008) setpoint at 0 mm and place in
AUTO
l. Verify that the main cooling tower basin level is established and maintained near 0 mm
DCS: CCIRWTRS
DCS: 1CTAUXWT
DCS: 1TWRPMP

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13. CT Auxiliary Cooling Water (ACW) System


a. Direct the AO to line up the CT ACW System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Verify that the level in the CT auxiliary cooling tower basin is NOT low
c. START one CT auxiliary cooling water pump (1ECA-P-1) A/B
d. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
CT auxiliary cooling tower basin header pressure stabilizes at ~5.2 barg
e. Place the standby CT auxiliary cooling water pump (1ECA-P-1) A/B in AUTO
f. START one CT auxiliary cooling tower fan (1ECA-FAN-1) A/B
g. Place the standby CT auxiliary cooling tower fan (1ECA-FAN-1) A/B in AUTO
h. Set the CT generator H2 cooler temperature control valves (1ECA-ACV-011) A/B setpoint at 45C and
place in AUTO
i. Set the CT auxiliary cooler temperature control valve (1ECA-ACV-012) A/B setpoint at 45C and place
in AUTO
j. CLOSE the CT air compressor emergency cooling valves (1ECB-ABV-095) and (1ECB-ABV-096) and
place in AUTO
k. OPEN the CT air compressor normal cooling valves (1ECA-ABV-136) and (1ECA-ABV-137) and
place in AUTO
DCS: 1CTAUXWT

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


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14. Circulating Water (CW) System


a. Direct the AO to line up the CW System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Verify that the level in the cooling tower basin is NOT low
c. Place CCW sump pumps 5A and 5B in AUTO
d. Place the cooling tower sump pump discharge pressure control valve (1HRC-ACV-037) in AUTO
e. Place the condenser CW outlet valves (1HRC-MBV) 017/018 in AUTO
f. Verify that the condenser CW outlet valves (1HRC-MBV) 017/018 throttle open to the INT1 position
g. OPEN the condenser CW inlet valves (1HRC-MBV) 009/011
h. Place the condenser CW inlet valves (1HRC-MBV) 009/011 in AUTO
i. CLOSE the CW pump discharge valves (1HRC-MBV) 002/004/006 and place in AUTO
j. START one CW pump (1HRC-P-1) A/B/C
k. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Discharge valve throttles to the INT2 position
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge pressure stabilizes at > 0.4 barg
l. START a second CW pump (1HRC-P-1) A/B/C
m. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge valves of both running CW pumps fully open
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~1.6 barg
n. Place the standby CW Pump (1HRC-P-1) A/B/C in AUTO
o. Verify that the condenser CW outlet valves (1HRC-MBV) 017/018 fully OPEN
p. Verify that the cooling tower basin level is properly controlled
q. START all cooling tower fans (1HRC-FAN) 110
r. OPEN the vacuum pump cooling valve (1HRC-MBV-124) and place in AUTO
s. OPEN the chlorination system supply valve (1HRC-MBV-125) and place in AUTO
t. Start one CW inhibitor pump (1HRE-P-3) A/B
u. Direct the AO to start the CW chlorination pump
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 3 by placing the chlorination pump for the cooling tower
basin in START.
DCS: 1TWRPMP
DCS: 1SCWTRSY
DCS: 1CIRCWTR
DCS: 1SCFCIRC

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


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15. Condensate System


a. Direct the AO to line up the Condensate System for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing condensate pump suction valves 1A/1B/1C in
OPEN.
b. Place condensate pump discharge valves (1FWC-MBV) 028/030/032 in AUTO
c. Place the condensate minimum flow recirc M/A station (1FWC-ACV-020) in AUTO
d. Place the hotwell high level M/A station (1FWC-ACV-017) in AUTO
e. Verify that the hotwell level is NOT low
f. START one condensate pump (1FWC-P-1) A/B/C
g. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge valves of all three condensate pumps initially throttle open to the INT position to fill the
system and then fully open
Condensate minimum flow recirc valve (1FWC-ACV-020) opens 35%
Discharge pressure stabilizes at 13.5 barg
h. START a second condensate pump (1FWC-P-1) A/B/C
i. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge valve remains fully open
Condensate minimum flow recirc valve (1FWC-ACV-020) opens 65%
Discharge pressure stabilizes at 13.5 barg
j. Place the standby condensate pump (1FWC-P-1) A/B/C in AUTO
k. OPEN the supply valves to the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B condensate preheaters (1FWC-MBV) 045/047
l. START one ammonia pump (1FWE-P-5) A/B
m. START one oxygen scavenger pump (1FWE-P-4) A/B
DCS: 1CNDPMPS
DCS: 1SURFCND
DCS: 1SCFCOND

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16. Closed Cycle Cooling Water (CCCW) System


a. Direct the AO to line up the CCCW System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Set the CCCW head tank level M/A Station (1ECB-ACV-002) setpoint at 0 mm and place in AUTO
c. Verify that the level in the CCCW head tank is NOT low
d. Set the CCCW ST & BFP M/A station (1ECB-ACV-017) setpoint at 3.5 barg and place in AUTO
e. Set the CCCW supply head temperature M/A station (1ECB-ACV-014A) setpoint at 30C and place in
AUTO
f. Set the ST generator cooler temperature M/A station (1ECB-ACV-019) setpoint at 35C and place in
AUTO
g. Set the ST lube oil cooler temperature M/A station (1ECB-ACV-022) setpoint at 30C and place in
AUTO
h. START one CCCW pump (1ECB-P-1) A/B
i. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Pressure stabilizes at ~5 barg
j. Place the standby CCCW pump (1ECB-P-1) A/B in AUTO
DCS: 1CCCWSYS

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OP1_CCPP-9

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


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17. Deaerator Storage Tank Fill


a. Direct the AO to line up the deaerator storage tank for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 2 by placing the deaerator vent valve in S/U (start up).
b. Verify that the condensate preheater drain valves (1SGA-ABV-307) A/B are CLOSED in MANUAL
c. Place the condensate to HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B M/A stations (1FWC-ACV-027) A/B in AUTO
d. Place the condensate preheater bypass M/A stations (1FWC-ACV-026) A/B in AUTO
e. Verify that the deaerator level mode is in SINGLE element control
f. Set the deaerator level control M/A station (1FWC-ACV-021A) setpoint at 0 mm
g. Place both deaerator level control M/A stations (1FWC-ACV-021) A/B in AUTO
h. Place the deaerator level dump control valve (1FWA-ABV-008) in AUTO
i. Verify that deaerator level is established and maintained near 0 mm
DCS: 1LPSTM1A
DCS: 1LPSTM1B
DCS: 1DEATNK

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18. HRSG-1A Blowdown System


a. Verify that one chemical waste sump pump (CWWA-P-1) A/B is running
b. Verify that one neutralization basin pump (CWWA-P-2) A/B is running
c. Direct the AO to line up the HRSG 1A Blowdown System for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 3 by placing one HRSG-1A blowdown sump pump in
START.
d. Verify that a HRSG blowdown sump pump (1SGF-P) 1A/2A is running
e. Set the continuous blowdown M/A station (1SGF-ACV-004A) setpoint at 0 mm and place in AUTO
f. Set the blowdown sump M/A station (1WSC-ACV-001A) setpoint at 90C and place in AUTO
g. Set the circulating water M/A station (1HRC-ACV-035A) setpoint at 50C and place in AUTO
h. OPEN the continuous blowdown to deaerator isolation valve (1SGF-MBV-001A)
DCS: 1CHEMWST
DCS: 1AHRSGBD
DCS: 1DEATNK

_______

19. HRSG-1B Blowdown System


a. Direct the AO to line up the HRSG 1B Blowdown System for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 3 by placing one HRSG-1B blowdown sump pump in
START.
b. Set the continuous blowdown M/A station (1SGF-ACV-004B) setpoint at 0 mm and place in AUTO
c. Set the blowdown sump M/A station (1WSC-ACV-001B) setpoint at 90C and place in AUTO
d. Set the circulating water M/A station (1HRC-ACV-035B) setpoint at 50C and place in AUTO
e. OPEN the continuous blowdown to deaerator isolation valve (1SGF-MBV-001B)
DCS: 1BHRSGBD
DCS: 1DEATNK

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OP1_CCPP-10

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

20. HRSG-1A
a. Direct the AO to line up HRSG-1A for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 2 by placing all HRSG A drains in CLOSE.
b. Line up the 1A HP HRSG as follows:
HP secondary superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-086A) CLOSED in AUTO
HP primary superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-085A) CLOSED
HP evaporator startup drain valves (1SGA-MBV-091A) and (1SGF-ABV-012A) CLOSED in
AUTO
HP evaporator intermittent drain valves (1SGA-MBV-092A) and (1SGF-ABV-013A) CLOSED
HP drum drain valve (1SGA-MBV-089A) CLOSED
HP superheater attemperator spray control valve (1SGA-ACV-330A) setpoint at 560C in AUTO
HP superheater attemperator spray isolation valve (1SGA-ABV-329A) CLOSED in AUTO
HP secondary superheater vent (1SGA-MBV-094A) CLOSED
HP drum vent (1SGA-MBV-093A) OPEN
c. Line up the 1A IP HRSG as follows:
IP secondary reheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-062A) CLOSED
IP primary reheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-059A) CLOSED in AUTO
IP superheater pressure control valve (1SGA-ACV-346A) in AUTO
IP superheater/reheater isolation valve (1SGA-MBV-058A) OPEN
IP superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-057A) CLOSED in AUTO
IP superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-054A) CLOSED
IP evaporator startup drain valves (1SGA-MBV-075A) and (1SGF-ABV-010A) CLOSED in
AUTO
IP evaporator intermittent drain valves (1SGA-MBV-076A) and (1SGF-ABV-011A) CLOSED
IP drum drain valve (1SGA-MBV-073A) CLOSED
IP secondary reheater attemperator drain valve (1SGA-MBV-066A) CLOSED in AUTO
IP reheater attemperator spray control valve (1SGA-ACV-363A) setpoint at 560C in AUTO
IP reheater attemperator spray isolation valve (1SGA-ABV-364A) CLOSED in AUTO
IP drum vent (1SGA-MBV-078A) OPEN
d. Line up the 1A LP HRSG as follows:
LP evaporator startup drain valves (1SGA-MBV-047A) and (1SGF-ABV-008A) CLOSED in
AUTO
LP evaporator intermittent drain valves (1SGA-MBV-048A) and (1SGF-ABV-009A) CLOSED
LP drum drain valve (1SGA-MBV-049A) CLOSED
LP superheater vent (1SGA-MBV-052A) OPEN
LP superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-034A) CLOSED
LP superheater vent (1SGA-MBV-031A) OPEN
DCS: 1HPSTM1A
DCS: 1IPSTM1A
DCS: 1LPSTM1A

OP1_CCPP.doc
Rev 2, 3/11/2010 4:28:00 PM

OP1_CCPP-11

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

21. HRSG-1B
a. Direct the AO to line up HRSG-1B for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 2 by placing all HRSG B drains in CLOSE.
b. Line up the 1B HP HRSG as follows:
HP secondary superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-086B) CLOSED in AUTO
HP primary superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-085B) CLOSED
HP evaporator startup drain valves (1SGA-MBV-091B) and (1SGF-ABV-012B) CLOSED in
AUTO
HP evaporator intermittent drain valves (1SGA-MBV-092B) and (1SGF-ABV-013B) CLOSED
HP drum drain valve (1SGA-MBV-089B) CLOSED
HP superheater attemperator spray control valve (1SGA-ACV-330B) setpoint at 560C in AUTO
HP superheater attemperator spray isolation valve (1SGA-ABV-329B) CLOSED in AUTO
HP secondary superheater vent (1SGA-MBV-094B) CLOSED
HP drum vent (1SGA-MBV-093B) OPEN
c. Line up the 1B IP HRSG as follows:
IP secondary reheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-062B) CLOSED
IP primary reheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-059B) CLOSED in AUTO
IP superheater pressure control valve (1SGA-ACV-346B) in AUTO
IP superheater/reheater isolation valve (1SGA-MBV-058B) OPEN
IP superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-057B) CLOSED in AUTO
IP superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-054B) CLOSED
IP evaporator startup drain valves (1SGA-MBV-075B) and (1SGF-ABV-010B) CLOSED in
AUTO
IP evaporator intermittent drain valves (1SGA-MBV-076B) and (1SGF-ABV-011B) CLOSED
IP drum drain valve (1SGA-MBV-073B) CLOSED
IP secondary reheater attemperator drain valve (1SGA-MBV-066B) CLOSED in AUTO
IP reheater attemperator spray control valve (1SGA-ACV-363B) setpoint at 560C in AUTO
IP reheater attemperator spray isolation valve (1SGA-ABV-364B) CLOSED in AUTO
IP drum vent (1SGA-MBV-078B) OPEN
d. Line up the 1B LP HRSG as follows:
LP evaporator startup drain valves (1SGA-MBV-047B) and (1SGF-ABV-008B) CLOSED in
AUTO
LP evaporator intermittent drain valves (1SGA-MBV-048B) and (1SGF-ABV-009B) CLOSED
LP drum drain valve (1SGA-MBV-049B) CLOSED
LP superheater vent (1SGA-MBV-052B) OPEN
LP superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-034B) CLOSED
LP superheater vent (1SGA-MBV-031B) OPEN
DCS: 1HPSTM1B
DCS: 1IPSTM1B
DCS: 1LPSTM1B

OP1_CCPP.doc
Rev 2, 3/11/2010 4:28:00 PM

OP1_CCPP-12

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

22. Feedwater System


a. Direct the AO to line up the HP and IP/LP Feedwater Systems for service and verify that personnel are
clear
b. Verify that there is adequate make-up water inventory to fill the HRSG drums:
Deaerator storage tank is NOT low (> 650 mm)
Condenser hotwell level is NOT low (> 57 mm)
Condensate storage tank level is NOT low (> 1288 mm)
Demineralized water storage tank level is NOT low (> 2500 mm)
DCS: 1DEATNK
DCS: 1SURFCND
DCS: 1DMWTRSY

_______

23. HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B HP Drum Fill


a. Verify that the HP drum level control mode selector 1A/1B is in SINGLE element control and AUTO
b. OPEN the HP drum fill valve (1SGA-MBV-096) A/B to begin filling
Note:
The indicated flow to the HP drum is 0 kg/s during fill from the Condensate System because the HP
feedwater flow transmitters are located upstream of the HP drum level control valves.
Monitor the level in the condenser hotwell during HP drum filling.
c.
d.

Fill the HP drum to the pre-startup level (150 25 mm)


CLOSE the HP drum fill valve (1SGA-MBV-096) A/B
Note: If the drum is inadvertently overfilled, open the HP drum intermittent blowdown valves (1SGAMBV-092) A/B and (1SGF-ABV-013) A/B to lower the level to 150 25 mm.

e.
f.
g.

Set the HP drum level control (1FWA-ACV-020) A1/B1 at 150 mm


Place the HP drum level controls (1FWA-ACV-020) A1/A2/B1/B2 in AUTO
Verify that the HP drum level is maintained near 150 mm

DCS: 1HPSTM1A
DCS: 1HPSTM1B

OP1_CCPP.doc
Rev 2, 3/11/2010 4:28:00 PM

OP1_CCPP-13

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

24. IP/LP Boiler Feedwater Pump (BFP) Start


a. Place the IP/LP BFP lube oil pumps (1FWA-P-4) A/B/C in AUTO
b. OPEN the IP/LP BFP suction valves (1FWA-MBV) 041/048/055
c. Set the IP/LP BFP recirc M/A stations (1FWA-ACV-32) A/B/C setpoints at 20 kg/s and place in AUTO
d. Verify that the IP/LP BFP discharge valves (1FWA-MBV) 045/052/059 are CLOSED
e. Place the IP/LP BFP discharge valves (1FWA-MBV) 045/052/059 in AUTO
f. START one IP/LP BFP (1FWA-P-2) A/B/C
g. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
All three IP/LP BFP lube oil pumps start
All three IP/LP BFP discharge valves fully open
Recirc valve opens
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~65 barg
Lube oil pump of the started BFP stops after ~30 seconds
h. OPEN the IP/LP BFP isolation valves (1FWA-MBV) 064/124
i. Place the IP/LP BFP isolation valves (1FWA-MBV) 064/124 in AUTO
DCS: 1IPLPBFP

_______

25. HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B LP Drum Fill


a. Verify that the LP drum level control mode selector 1A/1B is in SINGLE element control and AUTO
b. OPEN the LP feedwater valve (1SGA-ACV-306) A1/B1 to begin filling
Note:
Monitor the level in the deaerator during LP drum filling.
A feedwater high flow alarm will result if the LP feedwater valve is opened > 60% during filling of
the drum.
c.
d.

Fill LP drum to the pre-startup level (150 25 mm)


CLOSE the LP feedwater valve (1SGA-ACV-306) A1/B1
Note: If the drum is inadvertently overfilled, open the LP drum intermittent blowdown valves (1SGAMBV-048) A/B and (1SGF-ABV-009) A/B to lower the level to 150 25 mm.

e.
f.
g.

Set the LP feedwater valve (1SGA-ACV-306) A1/B1 at 150 mm


Place the LP feedwater valves (1SGA-ACV-306) A1/A2/B1/B2 in AUTO
Verify that the LP drum level is maintained near 150 mm

DCS: 1LPSTM1A
DCS: 1LPSTM1B

OP1_CCPP.doc
Rev 2, 3/11/2010 4:28:00 PM

OP1_CCPP-14

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

26. HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B IP Drum Fill


Note: Initiating IP drum fill prior to the completion of LP drum fill may result in low deaerator level.
a.
b.

Verify that the IP drum level control mode selector 1A/1B is in SINGLE element control and AUTO
OPEN the IP feedwater valve (1SGA-ACV-333) A1/B1 to begin filling
Note:
Monitor the level in the deaerator during IP drum filling.
A feedwater high flow alarm will result if the IP feedwater valve is opened > 45%.

c.
d.

Fill the IP drum to the pre-startup level (150 25 mm)


CLOSE the IP feedwater valve (1SGA-ACV-333) A1/B1
Note: If the drum is inadvertently overfilled, open the IP drum intermittent blowdown valves (1SGAMBV-076) A/B and (1SGF-ABV-011) A/B to lower the level to 150 25 mm.

e.
f.
g.

Set the IP feedwater valve (1SGA-ACV-333) A1/B1 at 150 mm


Place the IP feedwater valves (1SGA-ACV-333) A1/A2/B1/B2 in AUTO
Verify that the IP drum level is maintained near 150 mm

DCS: 1IPSTM1A
DCS: 1IPSTM1B

_______

27. Second IP/LP BFP Start


a. START a second IP/LP BFP (1FWA-P-2) A/B/C
b. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Recirc valve opens
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge valve remains fully open
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~67 barg
Lube oil pump of the started BFP stops after ~30 seconds
c. Place the standby IP/LP BFP in AUTO
DCS: 1IPLPBFP

OP1_CCPP.doc
Rev 2, 3/11/2010 4:28:00 PM

OP1_CCPP-15

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

28. HP BFP Start


a. Place the HP BFP lube oil pumps (1FWA-P-3) A/B/C in AUTO
b. OPEN the HP BFP suction valves (1FWA-MBV) 002/009/016
c. Set the HP BFP recirc M/A stations (1FWA-ACV-016) A/B/C setpoints at 40 kg/s and place in AUTO
d. Verify that the HP BFP discharge valves (1FWA-MBV) 006/013/020 are CLOSED
e. Place the HP BFP discharge valves (1FWA-MBV) 006/013/020 in AUTO
f. START one HP BFP (1FWA-P-1) A/B/C
g. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
All three HP BFP lube oil pumps start
All three HP BFP discharge valves fully open
Recirc valve opens
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~187 barg
Lube oil pump of the started BFP stops after ~30 seconds
h. OPEN the HP BFP isolation valves (1FWA-MBV-026) A/B
i. Place the HP BFP isolation valves (1FWA-MBV-026) A/B in AUTO
DCS: 1HPBFPS
DCS: 1HPSTM1A
DCS: 1HPSTM1B

_______

29. Second HP BFP Start


a. START a second HP BFP (1FWA-P-1) A/B/C
b. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Recirc valve opens
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge valve remains fully open
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~187 barg
Lube oil pump of the started BFP stops after ~30 seconds
c. Place the standby HP BFP in AUTO
DCS: 1HPBFPS

OP1_CCPP.doc
Rev 2, 3/11/2010 4:28:00 PM

OP1_CCPP-16

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

30. HP Steam and Drain Systems


a. Direct the AO to line up the HP, reheat, and LP steam and drain systems for service and verify that
personnel are clear
b. Line up the HP Steam System valves as follows:
HP steam isolation valves (1SGG-MBV-004) A/B CLOSED in AUTO
HP bypass isolation valves (1SGG-HBV-001) A/B CLOSED in AUTO
HP bypass pressure control valves (1SGG-HCV-005) A/B in AUTO with setpoint at 50 barg
HP bypass temperature M/A stations (1SGG-ACV-022) A/B setpoint at 40C in AUTO
HP bypass attemperator spray isolation valves (1FWA-HBV-037) A/B CLOSED in AUTO
HP bypass attemperator spray control valves (1FWA-HCV-038) A/B in AUTO
HP steam supply valve to the ST steam seal header (1SGG-MBV-047) CLOSED in AUTO
c. Place the following HP Steam Drain System valves in AUTO:
(HP-1) A/B
(HP-2)
(HP-3) A/B
(HP-4) A/B
(HP-5) A/B
d. CLOSE HP Steam Drain System valves (HP-6) A/B
DCS: 1HPSTMSY
DCS: 1HPSTMDR

OP1_CCPP.doc
Rev 2, 3/11/2010 4:28:00 PM

OP1_CCPP-17

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

31. Reheat Steam and Drain Systems


a. Line up the Hot Reheat Steam System valves as follows:
Hot reheat steam isolation valves (1SGJ-MBV-005) A/B CLOSED in AUTO
Reheat bypass isolation valves (1SGJ-HBV-002) A/B CLOSED in AUTO
Reheat bypass pressure control valves (1SGJ-HCV-003) A/B in AUTO
Reheat bypass warm-up temperature controls (1SGJ-ACV-016A) A/B setpoint at 40C in AUTO
Reheat bypass attemperator spray isolation valves (1FWC-ABV-023) A/B in AUTO
Reheat bypass attemperator spray control valves (1FWC-HCV-024) A1/A2/B1/B2 in AUTO
b. Place the following Hot Reheat Steam Drain System valves in AUTO:
HR-1A/B
HR-2 AA, AB, BA, and BB
HR-3 AA, AB, BA, and BB
HR-4 A/B
HR-5 A/B
HR-211 A/B
c. Line up the Cold Reheat Steam System valves as follows:
Cold reheat steam isolation valves (1SGR-MBV-003) A/B CLOSED in AUTO
d. Place the following Cold Reheat Steam Drain System valves in AUTO:
IP-1
IP-2
CR-1 A/B
CR-3
CR-5
CR-7
CR-8
DCS: 1HRHTSYS
DCS: 1CNDPMP2
DCS: 1CRHTSYS
DCS: 1HRHTDRN
DCS: 1CRHTDRN

_______

32. LP Steam and Drain Systems


a. Line up the LP Steam System valves as follows:
LP steam isolation valves (1SGL-MBV-006) A/B CLOSED
LP steam bypass isolation valves (1SGL-HBV-007) A/B CLOSED in AUTO
LP steam bypass pressure control valves (1SGL-HCV-001) A/B in AUTO with setpoint at 5.5 barg
b. Place the following LP Steam Drain System valves in AUTO:
LP-1AA, AB, BA, and BB
LP-2
LP-3A/B
DCS: 1LPSTMSY
DCS: 1LPSTMDR

OP1_CCPP.doc
Rev 2, 3/11/2010 4:28:00 PM

OP1_CCPP-18

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

33. Deaerator Pegging Steam


a. Verify that the steam supply valve from Blocks 2 and 3 (1SGM-MBV-013) is CLOSED
b. Set the deaerator pegging steam pressure control valves (1SGL-ACV-008) A/B setpoint at 1.2 barg and
place in AUTO
c. Set the deaerator pegging steam control valve from IP steam (1SGM-ACV-001) setpoint at 5 barg and
place in AUTO
d. OPEN the IP steam supply valves from HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B (1SGM-MBV-011) A/B
DCS: 1DEATNK

_______

34. Gland Steam Condenser Exhausters


a. Direct the AO to line up the gland steam condenser exhausters for service and verify that personnel are
clear
b. Place both gland steam condenser exhausters (2TGC-BL-201) A/B in AUTO
c. Place the condensate to gland steam exhaust valve (2FWC-SBV-035) in AUTO
DCS: 1STSEAL

_______

35. ST Steam Seal System


a. Direct the AO to line up the ST Steam Seal System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Set the steam seal attemperator M/A station (2FWA-ACV-065) setpoint at 260C and place in AUTO
c. Place the steam seal pressure control in SSC OUT
d. Place the steam seal pressure control in SSC MANUAL
DCS: 1STSEAL
ST Mk-V: Steam Seal Pressure Control

_______

36. Condenser Vacuum Pumps


a. Direct the AO to line up the condenser vacuum pumps for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Verify that the condenser vacuum pumps (1HRB-P-1) A/B/C are STOPPED in MANUAL
c. Place the condenser vacuum pump suction valves (1HRB-ABV-004) A/B/C in AUTO
d. Place the condenser vacuum pump exhaust separator valves (1HRB-SBV-101) A/B/C in AUTO
e. Place the condenser vacuum pump standby selector in A SEL/B SEL/C SEL as desired
DCS: 1SURFCND

_______

37. HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B Diverter Dampers


a. Direct the AO to line up the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter damper systems for service and verify
that personnel are clear
Note: Perform the following on Local Operation Screen 1:
Place the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter damper seal air fans in AUTO.
Place the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter damper hydraulic pumps in AUTO.
b. Place the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B Boiler Couple Permissive Controllers in UNCPLD
c. Verify that the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B are positioned at 0%
d. Place the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B in AUTO
e. RESET the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

OP1_CCPP.doc
Rev 2, 3/11/2010 4:28:00 PM

OP1_CCPP-19

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

38. Fuel Gas System


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs will be started with fuel gas. If the CTs will be started with fuel oil,
proceed to the next step.
a.

b.
c.
d.
e.

f.

Direct the AO to line up the Fuel Gas System for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform the following on Local Operation Screen 1:
OPEN the main fuel gas supply valve
OPEN the CT-1A and CT-1B fuel gas exchanger line valves
OPEN the CT-1A and CT-1B fuel gas heater line valves
CLOSE the CT A/B fuel gas crossover valve
Verify that the fuel gas vent valve (1FGA-ABV-008) is CLOSED
Place the fuel gas supply isolation valve control in DCIS
OPEN the fuel gas supply valve (1FGA-ABV-002)
Line up Fuel Gas Heater 1A as follows:
Verify that the level in the vertical fuel gas separator (1FGA-SEP-2A) is NOT high
CLOSE the heat exchanger outlet valve (1FGA-ABV-031A)
CLOSE the heat exchanger feedwater supply isolation valve (1FWA-ABV-040A)
Set the heat exchanger temperature control valve (1FWA-ACV-047A) setpoint at 170C and place
in AUTO
Verify that the heater emergency trip is RESET
Verify that the heater indicates SYSTEM IN REMOTE
Line up Fuel Gas Heater 1B as follows:
Verify that the level in the vertical fuel gas separator (1FGA-SEP-2B) is NOT high
CLOSE the heat exchanger outlet valve (1FGA-ABV-031B)
CLOSE the heat exchanger feedwater supply isolation valve (1FWA-ABV-040B)
Set the heat exchanger temperature control valve (1FWA-ACV-047B) setpoint at 170C and place
in AUTO
Verify that the heater emergency trip is RESET
Verify that the heater indicates SYSTEM IN REMOTE

DCS: 1FGSYS
DCS: 1FGHTG1A
DCS: 1FGHTG1B

OP1_CCPP.doc
Rev 2, 3/11/2010 4:28:00 PM

OP1_CCPP-20

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

39. Fuel Oil System


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs will be started with fuel oil. If the CTs will be started with fuel gas,
proceed to Step 41.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.

Direct the AO to line up the Fuel Oil System for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing the fuel oil pumps A/B/C/D discharge valves in
OPEN.
Verify that the level in at least one fuel oil storage tank is NOT low
Verify that the fuel oil supply isolation valves (1FOB-ABV-006) A/B are CLOSED in MANUAL
START one fuel oil forwarding pump (1FOB-P-1) A/B/C/D
Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~7.9 barg
Place the standby fuel oil forwarding pumps (1FOB-P-1) A/B/C/D in AUTO
Place the fuel oil supply isolation valves (1FOB-ABV-006) A/B in AUTO
Place the fuel oil pressure control M/A stations (1FOB-ABV-008) A1/A2/B1/B2 in AUTO

DCS: CFOSYS
DCS: 1FOSYS

_______

40. NOX Water Transfer Pumps


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs will be started with fuel oil. If the CTs will be started with fuel gas,
proceed to the next step.
a.
b.
c.
d.

e.
f.

g.

Direct the AO to line up the NOX water transfer pumps for service and verify that personnel are clear
Place the NOX water transfer pump recirc valves (1FWF-ABV-001) A/B/C/D in AUTO
START one NOX water transfer pump (1FWF-P-1) A/B/C/D
Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Pump recirc valve opens
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~4.7 barg
START a second NOX water transfer pump (1FWF-P-1) A/B/C/D
Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Pump recirc valve opens
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~4.7 barg
Place the standby NOX water transfer pumps (1FWF-P-1) A/B/C/D in AUTO

DCS: 1DMWTRSY

_______

41. Load Commutating Inverters (LCI)


Direct the AO to line up LCI No. 1 and No. 2 for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing the LCI Selection in A/B.

OP1_CCPP.doc
Rev 2, 3/11/2010 4:28:00 PM

OP1_CCPP-21

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

42. CT-1A Preparation


a. Direct the AO to line up CT-1A for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Cycle the lead/lag motor selectors for the following fans and pumps to NO. 2 LEAD and then to NO. 1
LEAD:
Turbine Tunnel and Frame Cooling Fans
Hyd. Supply Pumps
Aux Lube Oil Pumps
Turbine Comp Cooling Fans
c. Cycle the lead/lag motor selector for the Lube Mist Sep Fans to 1B LEAD and then to 1A LEAD
d. Verify that the Sync Mode indicates REMOTE ENABLE
e. Verify that the EX2000 regulator indicates EX2000 STOP and AUTO REG
f. Verify that the Soft Start Mode is in OFF
Note: If the CT has been shutdown > 50 hours, place the Soft Start Mode in ON, which will hold the
CT at ~85% speed for 90 minutes.
g.

Perform this step for fuel oil startup only:


Select ENABLE 88WN-1
Place the Water Injection Enable in ON
h. Place the Master Select in AUTO
i. RESET the Master Reset
j. RESET the DCS Emergency Trip
k. Verify that all Mk-V startup checks/permissives are satisfied
l. Verify that all Mk-V trips are RESET
m. Verify the Fuel Select indicates GAS or DIST (fuel oil) as appropriate
n. Verify that the Unit Control indicates READY TO START
o. Transfer control of CT-1A from the Mk-V display to the DCS by placing the Control Location selector
in GENERAL REMOTE (location 3)
CT-1A Mk-V: Motor Lead/Lag Select
CT-1A Mk-V: Synchronization
CT-1A Mk-V: EX2000 Exciter
CT-1A Mk-V: Unit Control
CT-1A Mk-V: Water Injection Control
CT-1A Mk-V: Start Checks
CT-1A Mk-V: Trips Display
DCS: 1ABRESET
CT-1A Mk-V: Control Location

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

43. CT-1B Preparation


a. Direct the AO to line up CT-1B for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Cycle the lead/lag motor selectors for the following fans and pumps to NO. 2 LEAD and then to NO. 1
LEAD:
Turbine Tunnel and Frame Cooling Fans
Hyd. Supply Pumps
Aux Lube Oil Pumps
Turbine Comp Cooling Fans
c. Cycle the lead/lag motor selector for the Lube Mist Sep Fans to 1B LEAD and then to 1A LEAD
d. Verify that the Sync Mode indicates REMOTE ENABLE
e. Verify that the EX2000 regulator indicates EX2000 STOP and AUTO REG
f. Verify that the Soft Start Mode is in OFF
Note: If the CT has been shutdown > 50 hours, place the Soft Start Mode in ON, which will hold the
CT at ~85% speed for 90 minutes.
g.

Perform this step for fuel oil startup only:


Select ENABLE 88WN-1
Place the Water Injection Enable in ON
h. Place the Master Select in AUTO
i. RESET the Master Reset
j. RESET the DCS Emergency Trip
k. Verify that all Mk-V startup checks/permissives are satisfied
l. Verify that all Mk-V trips are RESET
m. Verify that the Fuel Select indicates GAS or DIST (fuel oil) as appropriate
n. Verify that the Unit Control indicates READY TO START
o. Transfer control of CT-1B from the Mk-V display to the DCS by placing the Control Location selector
in GENERAL REMOTE (location 3)
CT-1B Mk-V: Motor Lead/Lag Select
CT-1B Mk-V: Synchronization
CT-1B Mk-V: EX2000 Exciter
CT-1B Mk-V: Unit Control
CT-1B Mk-V: Water Injection Control
CT-1B Mk-V: Start Checks
CT-1B Mk-V: Trips Display
DCS: 1ABRESET
CT-1B Mk-V: Control Location

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

44. Steam Turbine Preparation


a. Direct the AO to line up the ST for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Verify the following:
Main stop valves (MSV/MSV2) and control valves (V1/V1L) are CLOSED
Reheat stop valves (LRSV/RRSV) and intercept valves (LIV/RIV) are CLOSED
LP steam admission valves ACV and ASV are CLOSED
Eccentricity is < 2 mm
Hydraulic pressure (HYD) is 110 barg
Bearing lube oil header pressure (BHDR) is 0.4 barg
Turning gear is engaged
Reverse flow is indicated
Ventilator valve is OPEN
Speed is 5 rpm
Lube oil cooler outlet temperature is 27C
Sync Mode is OFF
EX2000 regulator indicates EX2000 STOP and AUTO REG
c. Place the following valves in AUTO:
Stop valve before seat drains A/B
Stop valve after seat drains A/B
Reheat stop valve after seat drains A/B
ACV before/after seat drains
Vacuum breaker
d. Transfer control of the ST from the Mk-V display to the DCS by placing the Control Location selector
in DCS CNTRL
ST Mk-V: Unit Control
ST Mk-V: Startup
ST Mk-V: Turning Gear
ST Mk-V: Synchronization
ST Mk-V: EX2000 Exciter
ST Mk-V: MOV Control
ST Mk-V: Control Location

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

45. Automatic Plant Startup Selections


a. RESET the Auto Start Status
b. Set the Lag CT Wait Time setpoint at the desired minutes
Note: Lag CT startup begins when the lead CT has attained 85% operating speed and the Lag CT Wait
Time has elapsed.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.

RESET the Auto Start Status


Verify that the Lag CT Wait Time indicates the lag time setpoint
Place the CT1A Mode Select in CC_CYC
Place the CT1B Mode Select in CC_CYC
Place the Lead CT Select in CT1A or CT1B as desired
Place the CT Mode Select in 2_UNIT
Place the STG Synch Select in AUTO
Verify that the following Combined Cycle Permissives indicate YES:
HRSG-1A Ready
HRSG-1B Ready
BOP Ready
CT-1A Ready
CT-1B Ready
Normal Start

Note: The Combined Cycle Power Plant is ready for startup using the automatic plant startup sequencer.
The next step in the procedure begins the startup.
DCS: 1APSPB3

_______

46. Automatic Plant Startup


a. Place the Auto Start Status in START to begin the automatic startup sequence
b. Verify that the Auto Start Status indicates RUNNING
DCS: 1APSPB3

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

47. Lead CT Startup


Verify that the lead CT completes the following startup sequence:
CT Startup Sequence Event

CT Mk-V Unit Control Indication

Place the auto start control in START


Auxiliaries start, lube oil pressure establishes,
turning gear rotates the CT
LCI energizes, EX2000 exciter starts, and LCI
disconnect switch closes to crank the CT
Purge (two minutes at 15.5% operating speed)
Ignition (at 14.25% operating speed)
Warm-up (one minute at 14.25% operating
speed)
Acceleration to operating speed
LCI de-energizes and LCI disconnect switch
opens (at 85% operating speed)
Startup complete (at 100% operating speed)

STARTUP STATUS / STARTING


STARTUP STATUS / STARTING
STARTUP STATUS / CRANKING
STARTUP STATUS / CRANKING
STARTUP STATUS / FIRING
STARTUP STATUS / WARMING UP
STARTUP STATUS / ACCELERATING
STARTUP STATUS / ACCELERATING
RUN STATUS / FULL SPEED NO LOAD

Note: If the Soft Start Mode is ON, the CT will hold at ~85% speed for 90 minutes.
Lead CT Mk-V: Unit Control

_______

48. Lead HRSG Heat-up


a. Verify the lead HRSG HP bypass pressure control valve (1SGG-HCV-005) A/B setpoint at 50 barg
b. Verify that the following lead HRSG valves automatically OPEN:
Hot reheat steam isolation valve (1SGJ-MBV-005) A/B
Cold reheat steam isolation valve (1SGR-MBV-003) A/B
HP steam isolation valve (1SGG-MBV-004) A/B
c. Verify that the lead HRSG diverter damper (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B OPENS to 20% to begin heating the
HRSG
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

_______

49. Lead CT Synchronization


Verify that the lead CT generator breaker is CLOSED when the auto synchronizing permissives are met
Note: Load will automatically increase to the Spinning Reserve value (1822 MW).
Lead CT Mk-V: Synchronization

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

50. Lead CT Initial Load


a. Verify the following indications of initial loading of the lead CT:
Load Control in PRESEL LOAD
Load Control MW Setpoint increases to 20 MW
PF/VAR Control in MVAR CTRL ON
MVAR Setpoint at 0 MVAR
b. If the lead CT is firing with fuel gas, place the lead CT fuel gas heater (1FGA-HT-1) A/B in ON
Lead CT Mk-V: Unit Control
DCS: 1FGHTG1A
DCS: 1FGHTG1B

_______

51. Lag CT Startup


Note: Lag CT startup begins when the lead CT has attained 85% operating speed and the Lag CT Wait
Time has elapsed.
Verify that the lag CT completes the following startup sequence:
CT Startup Sequence Event

CT Mk-V Unit Control Indication

Place the auto start control in START


Auxiliaries start, lube oil pressure establishes,
turning gear rotates the CT
LCI energizes, EX2000 exciter starts, and LCI
disconnect switch closes to crank the CT
Purge (two minutes at 15.5% operating speed)
Ignition (at 14.25% operating speed)
Warm-up (one minute at 14.25% operating speed)
Acceleration to operating speed
LCI de-energizes and LCI disconnect switch opens
(at 85% operating speed)
Startup complete (at 100% operating speed)

STARTUP STATUS / STARTING


STARTUP STATUS / STARTING
STARTUP STATUS / CRANKING
STARTUP STATUS / CRANKING
STARTUP STATUS / FIRING
STARTUP STATUS / WARMING UP
STARTUP STATUS / ACCELERATING
STARTUP STATUS / ACCELERATING
RUN STATUS / FULL SPEED NO LOAD

Note: If the Soft Start Mode is ON, the CT will hold at ~85% speed for 90 minutes.
Lag CT Mk-V: Unit Control

_______

52. Lag HRSG Heat-up


a. Verify the lag HRSG HP bypass pressure control valve (1SGG-HCV-005) A/B setpoint at 50 barg
b. Verify that the lag HRSG diverter damper (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B OPENS to 20% to begin heating the
HRSG
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

53. Lag CT Synchronization


Verify that the lag CT generator breaker is CLOSED when the auto synchronizing permissives are met
Note: Load will automatically increase to the Spinning Reserve value (1822 MW).
Lag CT Mk-V: Synchronization

_______

54. Lag CT Initial Load


a. Verify the following indications of initial loading of the lag CT:
Load Control in PRESEL LOAD
Load Control MW Setpoint increases to 20 MW
PF/VAR Control in MVAR CTRL ON
MVAR Setpoint at 0 MVAR
b. If the lag CT is firing with fuel gas, place the lag CT fuel gas heater (1FGA-HT-1) A/B in ON
Lag CT Mk-V: Unit Control
DCS: 1FGHTG1A
DCS: 1FGHTG1B

_______

55. ST Steam Seal System


Note: HP steam pressure will increase to 20 barg approximately 2 hours after HRSG heating begins.
When the HP steam pressure increases to 20 barg, verify the following:
HP steam supply valve to the ST steam seal header (1SGG-MBV-047) is OPEN
Steam seal pressure control indicates SSC IN
Steam seal pressure control valve position (SSPCX) is ~ -15% for 15 minutes
Steam seal pressure control transfers to AUTO (SSC Auto)
DCS: 1HPSTMSY
DCS: 1SSTMPRS

_______

56. Gland Steam Condenser Exhausters


Verify the START of one gland steam condenser exhauster (2TGC-BL-201) A/B (indication changes to red)
DCS: 1STSEAL

_______

57. Condenser Vacuum Pumps


a. Verify the START of the condenser vacuum pumps (1HRB-P-1) A/B/C:
Pump indications change to red
Pump controls transfer to AUTO
Suction valves OPEN
b. Verify that the vacuum breaker valve is CLOSED
c. Verify that condenser vacuum begins increasing
DCS: 1SURFCND
ST Mk-V: MOV Control

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

58. Condenser Vacuum Established


a. When the condenser vacuum is < 379 mmHga (Lo Lo Lo vacuum alarm clear), verify that the HRSG1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B gradually OPEN
Note: The HRSG diverter dampers will gradually open to 85% and then immediately open to 100%.
b.

When the condenser vacuum is < 180 mmHga, verify the following:
Standby condenser vacuum pump is RUNNING
Non-standby condenser vacuum pumps are STOPPED in AUTO

Note: The idle condenser vacuum pumps may automatically start and stop in response to vacuum changes
until after the ST startup and the transfer to forward flow are complete.
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B
DCS: 1SURFCND

_______

59. HRSG Coupling


a. Verify that the following valves automatically OPEN to couple HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B when their
corresponding permissives are satisfied:
Lag HRSG hot reheat steam isolation valve (1SGJ-MBV-005) A/B
Lag HRSG cold reheat steam isolation valve (1SGR-MBV-003) A/B
Lag HRSG HP steam isolation valve (1SGG-MBV-004) A/B
Note:
To monitor the coupling permissives, select PERMISSIVES at the top of the BLK 1 HP Bypass 1A
and BLK 1 HP Bypass 1B displays.
Permissives:
A to B side pressure differential 1.5 bar
A/B temperature differential 10 C
Drum level with in 25 cm of setpoint
During coupling, the following may automatically change to satisfy the coupling permissives:
Lag HRSG diverter damper (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B position
Lag HRSG HP bypass control valve (1SGG-HCV-005) A/B setpoint
b.

When the HRSG coupling is complete:


Verify that the lag HRSG diverter damper (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B is 100% OPEN
Verify that the CT-1A and CT-1B Load Control MW Setpoints increase to 50 MW

DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B
DCS: 1ACPLPER
DCS: 1BCPLPER
CT-1A Mk-V: Unit Control
CT-1B Mk-V: Unit Control

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

60. Fuel Gas Heat Exchangers


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs are firing with fuel gas. If the CTs are firing with fuel oil, proceed
to the next step.
a.

b.

Place Fuel Gas Heat Exchanger 1A in service as follows:


OPEN the heat exchanger feedwater supply isolation valve (1FWA-ABV-040A)
OPEN the heat exchanger gas outlet valve (1FGA-ABV-031A)
Place the 1A Fuel Gas Heater (1FGA-HT-1A) in OFF
Direct the AO to CLOSE the CT-1A fuel gas heater line valve
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing the CT-1A fuel gas heater line valve in
CLOSE.
Place Fuel Gas Heat Exchanger 1B in service as follows:
OPEN the heat exchanger feedwater supply isolation valve (1FWA-ABV-040B)
OPEN the heat exchanger gas outlet valve (1FGA-ABV-031B)
Place the 1B Fuel Gas Heater (1FGA-HT-1B) in OFF
Direct the AO to CLOSE the CT-1B fuel gas heater line valve
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing the CT-1B fuel gas heater line valve in
CLOSE.

DCS: 1FGHTG1A
DCS: 1FGHTG1B

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

61. Hold for Steam Plant Water Quality


a. When CT-1A and CT-1B are at 50 MW, direct the chemistry technician to report when the steam plant
water quality is satisfactory for increasing load
Note: Maintain the CTs at 50 MW until the chemistry technician reports that the steam plant water
quality is satisfactory for increasing load.
b.
c.

Direct the AO to line up the deaerator vent for normal operation


Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 2 by placing the deaerator vent valve in NORMAL
When the chemistry technician reports that the steam plant water quality is satisfactory for increasing
load, select the Steam Cleaning Hold Release to REL to continue the automatic start sequence

DCS: 1APSPB3

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

62. ST Startup
Note:
The ST always starts with reverse flow. The intercept valves (IVs) open to accelerate the ST, steam flows
only through the IP and LP turbines, and the main control valves (V1/V1L) remain closed.
The ST will accelerate at the SLOW RAMP (250 rpm/min), MED RAMP (500 rpm/min), or FAST
RAMP (750 rpm/min) rate, according to the ST surface stresses.
If any surface or rotor stress is > 60%, ST speed will hold at 834 rpm, 2500 rpm, and/or 3000 rpm.
Bearing vibration alarms are set at the maximum expected levels. While accelerating through a critical
speed, vibration levels may increase, but they should peak below the alarm setpoints and diminish rapidly
above the critical speed. Never stop accelerating at or near a critical speed.
If bearing vibration increases above the alarm setpoint without peaking and decreasing, return the ST to
the turning gear.
a.

b.

c.

Verify the following preparations to roll the ST:


Turbine Trip indicates RESET
ST startup control indicates AUTO MODE
ST startup control indicates HOLD OFF
ST Auto Start status indicates READY TO START
ST startup control indicates AUTO START to initiate ST roll-off
Verify the following indications upon ST roll-off:
Auto Start status indicates ATS IN PROGRESS
Target speed indicates 834 rpm
Control valves (V1/V1L) and reverse flow valve remain CLOSED
Reheat stop valves (LRSV/RRSV) OPEN
Intercept valves (LIV/RIV) throttle OPEN to accelerate the ST
Verify the following indications during ST run-up to normal operating speed:
ST lube oil cooler temperature M/A station (1ECB-ACV-022) setpoint increases to 43C
Target speed advances to 2499 rpm
Target speed advances to 3000 rpm
ST Mk-V Auto Start status indicates WAITING FOR SYNC when ST speed is > 2790 rpm
Speed stabilizes at ~3000 rpm

DCS: 1SSTRTUP
DCS: 1SSTRTP2
DCS: 1CCCWSYS
ST Mk-V: Unit Control

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

63. ST Synchronization
Verify that the ST generator breaker is CLOSED when the auto synchronizing permissives are met
ST Mk-V: Synchronization

_______

64. ST Initial Load


Verify the following indications:
ST startup control in MANUAL MODE
ST startup control in HOLD OFF
Control Mode in MVAR CNTRL
MVAR Setpnt at 0 MVAR
Load Control Load Ramp setpoint (LDR_RS) does not exceed the Loading Rate indicated on the Rotor
Stress Recommendation on the DCS screen
Load Control Load Setpt (LDR_CMD) at 27.5%
Load begins increasing when all holds are released
Load Control Load Ramp setpoint (LDR_RS) reduces to zero when the initial load is attained
ST Mk-V: Startup
ST Mk-V: Megawatt Control
ST Mk-V: Unit Control

_______

65. Temperature Matching


a. Verify that the CT-1A and CT-1B Temp Match controls indicate TM ON
Note: While temperature matching is in progress, the loading of each CT is automatically adjusted and
gradually increased to ~75 MW. The CT load controls do not respond to operator inputs.
b.

When the CT-1A and CT-1B Temp Match controls indicate TM OFF, verify that the CT-1A and CT-1B
Load Control MW Setpoints increase to 80 MW

DCS: 1AUNITCD
DCS: 1BUNITCD
CT-1A Mk-V: Unit Control
CT-1B Mk-V: Unit Control

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

66. ST Transfer to Forward Flow


Note: The transfer from reverse flow to forward flow is permitted when the intercept valves (LIV/RIV) are
> 50% open if the HP rotor stress that is predicted to exist after the transfer is less than the allowable stress.
a.
b.

Verify that the Forward/Reverse Flow Control transfers to FORWARD FLOW when the IV position is
> 50%
Verify the following indications during the transfer to forward flow:
Control valves (V1/ V1L) and intercept valves (LIV/RIV) are OPEN
Ventilator valve is CLOSED
Stop valve before seat drains A/B are CLOSED
Stop valve after seat drains A/B are CLOSED
Reheat stop valve after seat drains A/B are CLOSED
Cold reheat drain valve (CR-7) is CLOSED

ST Mk-V: Startup
ST Mk-V: Unit Control
ST Mk-V: MOV Control
DCS: 1CRHTDRN

_______

67. Increase HP Steam Pressure


Verify that the HP bypass pressure control valves (1SGG-HCV-005) A/B setpoints increase to 55 barg
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

_______

68. Enable ST Inlet Pressure Control (IPC)


Verify the following indications:
Inlet Pressure Control indicates IPC IN
Load Control Load Setpoint increases to 100%
DCS: 1SUNITCT

_______

69. Increase HP Steam Pressure


Verify that the HP bypass pressure control valves (1SGG-HCV-005) A/B setpoints gradually increase to 130
barg
Note: The automatic plant startup sequence is now complete.
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

70. Enable ST Admission Pressure (ADM) Control


When the ST load is > 40 MW, enable ADM control as follows:
a. OPEN the LP steam isolation valves (1SGL-MBV-006) A/B
b. Set the ADM Control Press Setpoint at 4.5 barg (DCS)
c. Set the ADM Control Flow Setpoint at 128% (DCS)
d. Verify that the ACV opens
e. Verify that the ACV valves before/after seat drains CLOSE
DCS: 1LPSTMSY
DCS: 1STUNITCT
ST Mk-V: MOV Control

_______

71. Transfer Steam Plant Electrical Loads to the ST Auxiliary Transformer


When the ST load is > 100 MW, transfer the steam plant electrical loads to the ST auxiliary transformer as
follows:
a. Transfer the supply of power for bus 1APE-SWG-3 to the ST auxiliary transformer as follows:
Place the 43AM/1-3 bus transfer selector in MAN
Place the SS/1-1 Trip Select in any position except 108B
Place the SS/1APE1 selector in 306B
CLOSE breaker 301B
OPEN breaker 306B to reset
Place the 43AM/1-3 bus transfer selector in AUTO
b. Transfer the supply of power for bus 1APE-SWG-4 to the ST auxiliary transformer as follows:
Place the 43AM/2-4 bus transfer selector in MAN
Place the SS/2-2 Trip Select in any position except 201B
Place the SS/1APE2 selector in 401B
CLOSE breaker 407B
OPEN breaker 401B to reset
Place the 43AM/2-4 bus transfer selector in AUTO
EMP

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

72. Condenser Vacuum Pumps


Line up the condenser vacuum pumps for normal operation as follows:
a. Verify that one condenser vacuum pump (1HRB-P-1) A/B/C is operating in MANUAL. Start a pump if
necessary
b. STOP any pumps running in AUTO
c. Place all stopped vacuum pump(s) in AUTO
d. Select one of the stopped vacuum pumps for STANDBY operation
DCS: 1SURFCND

_______

73. HRSG Phosphate Pumps & boiler continuous blowdown


a START the HP, IP, and LP phosphate pumps (1FWE-P) 1A/2A/3A for HRSG-1A
b START the HP, IP, and LP phosphate pumps (1FWE-P) 1B/2B/3B for HRSG-1B
c OPEN the following HRSG continuous blowdown valves:
1A HRSG HP blowdown valve (1SGA-MBV-089A)
1A HRSG IP blowdown valve (1SGA-MBV-073A)
1A HRSG LP blowdown valve (1SGA-MBV-049A)
1B HRSG HP blowdown valve (1SGA-MBV-089B)
1B HRSG IP blowdown valve (1SGA-MBV-073B)
1B HRSG LP blowdown valve (1SGA-MBV-049B)
DCS: 1SCFHG1A
DCS: 1SCFHG1B

_______

74. Three-Element Level Control


Verify that the following level controllers indicate THREE element control:
Deaerator
HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B HP drums
HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B IP drums
HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B LP drums
DCS: 1DEATNK
DCS: 1IPSTM1A
DCS: 1IPSTM1B
DCS: 1HPSTM1A
DCS: 1HPSTM1B
DCS: 1LPSTM1A
DCS: 1LPSTM1B

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

75. Initiate continuous blowdown


Open the following HRSG continuous blowdown valves:
a. HRSG HP continuous blowdown valves (1SGA-MBV-89A/B)
b. HRSG IP continuous blowdown valves (1SGA-MBV-73A/B)
c. HRSG LP continuous blowdown valves (1SGA-MBV-49A/B)
DCS: 1HPSTM1A
DCS: 1HPSTM1B
DCS: 1IPSTM1A
DCS: 1IPSTM1B
DCS: 1LPSTM1A
DCS: 1LPSTM1A

_______

76. Transfer to Block Load Control


a. Place the CT-1A and CT-1B PLC Selectors in PLC ON
b. Place the CT-1A and CT-1B Setpoint Selectors in BLOCK LOAD CONTROL
c. Verify that the CT-1A and CT-1B Load Setpoint M/A stations indicate AUTO
d. Set the CT1A Bias setpoint at zero
e. Set the CT-1A and CT-1B Min MW Limit setpoints at 80 MW
f. Set the CT-1A and CT-1B Max MW Limit setpoints at 225 MW
g. Set the Block Load MW M/A station Lo Limit setpoint at 300 MW
h. Set the Block Load MW M/A station Hi Limit setpoint at 720 MW
CT-1A Mk-V: Control Location
CT-1B Mk-V: Control Location
ST Mk-V: Control Location
DCS: 1LOADCTL

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Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 1 Cold Unit Startup Automatic


_______

77. Ramp Load


a. Increase load as follows:
Set the MW Rate of Change setpoint at the desired MW/min
Note: The normal rate of load increase is 10 MW/min.
b.

Set the Block Load MW M/A station setpoint at the desired MW to begin increasing load
Verify that the unit stabilizes at the desired MW

DCS: 1LOADCTL

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Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


Purpose
This provides instructions for safely and efficiently starting the Combined Cycle Power Plant in the Combined Cycle Mode
from cold conditions using manual controls. The instructions include starting the auxiliary systems, starting and
synchronizing the combustion turbines (CT), establishing the heat recovery steam generators (HRSG), rolling and
synchronizing the steam turbine (ST), and ramping the unit load to full load (~720 MW).
This procedure assumes the following initial conditions:

Returning the plant to operation after a scheduled outage


AC electrical buses are de-energized
CT and ST Generator Hydrogen Seal Oil Systems are in service with the DC seal oil pumps operating
CT and ST generators are pressurized with hydrogen
ST Lube Oil System is in service with the DC lube oil pump operating
ST first stage metal temperature is < 200C (cold conditions)
Condenser hotwell, deaerator storage tank, and HRSG drums are drained
All clearances are released

Note: This procedure cannot replace intelligent logical reasoning by the operator, especially when coping with unforeseen
operating conditions that this procedure does not address. Therefore, this procedure should be used in conjunction with
applicable safety standards and common sense operating practices.

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OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


Limitations and Precautions
Observe the following system/equipment limitations and precautions during Combined Cycle Power Plant startup in the
Combined Cycle Mode:

Prior to starting equipment, direct the auxiliary operator (AO) to locally verify that the equipment is ready for startup
and that personnel are clear.
Prior to starting motors and pumps, verify that there is proper lubrication.
Ensure that pumps and piping are properly vented, charged, and warmed to avoid cavitation, water hammer, and thermal
shock.
Successive attempts to start a 6.9 kV motor will generate excessive heat that can damage the motor windings. Two
successive starts are permissible during initial starting from ambient temperature conditions. If a motor fails to start on
the second attempt, observe a 30-minute cooling period.
Hold the CTs at 50 MW until the chemistry technician reports that the steam plant water quality is satisfactory for
increasing load.
Some 416v motors will start when 416v bus supply breakers are closed resulting in an immediate load on the bus.
These motors cannot be operated from the simulator operator consoles and include both CT vent fans, bearing oil lift
pumps, lube oil pumps, seal oil pumps, seal oil vacuum pumps, mist eliminator and transformer cooling fans, and the ST
hydraulic cooler circulation pump, turning gear, emergency bearing oil pump, and the backup seal oil pump.
Operate equipment within its maximum loading limit and optimal range according to the following table:
Equipment
CT generator
ST generator
HP boiler feedwater pump
IP/LP boiler feedwater pump
Condensate pump
Circulating water pump
Fuel oil pump

Limitation
225 MW
270 MW
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity

Procedure
Perform each step of the procedure in numerical sequence. As each step is completed, initial the space provided in the left
column before proceeding to the next step.
Note:
The various control displays that the operator uses to accomplish the procedure (DCS, CT Mk-V, ST Mk-V, and
electrical monitoring panel (EMP)) are listed at the bottom of each step in bold type.
Steps 129 of this procedure are identical to steps 129 of Operating Procedure No. 1, Cold Unit Startup Automatic
(OP1); however, the remaining steps of the two procedures differ. Use this procedure to start up using manual controls.
Use OP1 to start up using the automatic plant startup sequencer. Use OP6 to start up in the Simple Cycle Mode.
Identical parameters displayed on different screens may display slight value differences, and/or a have a slight delay in
updating. These update only when their values change by a predetermined amount. However, the overwhelming
majority will immediately update. This issue does not apply to Mark V or hardpanel screens.

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1.

6.9 kV Electrical System


a. Direct the AO to line up the 6.9 kV Electrical System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Verify that ~230 kV is indicated on intermediate switchyard bus SWYD B1 (801)
c. Verify that the tap changer control for the reserve auxiliary transformer is set at 0 in OFF
d. CLOSE the reserve auxiliary transformer supply breaker 80142C
e. Verify that the reserve auxiliary transformer voltage is ~6.9 kV
f. Cycle the bus transfer selector switches 43AM/1-3 and 43AM/2-4 to AUTO and then to MAN
g. CLOSE breaker DG11 on bus CAPK-SWG-1
h. OPEN the following breakers on bus 1APE-SWG-1:
103B
102B
i. Energize bus 1APE-SWG-1:
CLOSE breaker 108B
Verify that ~6.9 kV is indicated on bus 1APE-SWG-1
j. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APE-SWG-1:
101B
103A
106B
k. OPEN breaker 206B on bus 1APE-SWG-2
l. Energize bus 1APE-SWG-2:
CLOSE breaker 201B
Verify that ~6.9 kV is indicated on bus 1APE-SWG-2
m. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APE-SWG-2:
202B
204A
207B
n. Energize bus 1APE-SWG-3 from 1APE-SWG-1:
CLOSE breaker 306B
Verify that ~6.9 kV is indicated on bus 1APE-SWG-3
o. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APE-SWG-3:
303A
303B
p. Energize bus 1APE-SWG-4 from 1APE-SWG-2:
CLOSE breaker 401B
Verify that ~6.9 kV is indicated on bus 1APE-SWG-4
q. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APE-SWG-4:
404A
403B
EMP

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416 V Electrical System
a. Direct the AO to line up the 416 V Electrical System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. OPEN breaker 104B on bus CAPC-SUS-12
c. Energize bus CAPC-SUS-12 from 1APE-SWG-1:
CLOSE breaker 102B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus CAPC-SUS-12
d. CLOSE the following breakers on bus CAPC-SUS-12:
103C
104C
e. Energize bus CAPC-SUS-22 from 1APE-SWG-2:
CLOSE breaker 107B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus CAPC-SUS-22
f. CLOSE the following breakers on bus CAPC-SUS-22:
106C
105C
g. OPEN breaker 107B on bus 1APC-SUS-11
h. Energize bus 1APC-SUS-11 from 1APE-SWG-1:
CLOSE breaker 102B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus 1APC-SUS-11
i. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APC-SUS-11:
107C
107D
104C
j. Energize bus 1APC-SUS-21 from 1APE-SWG-2:
CLOSE breaker 113B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus 1APC-SUS-21
k. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APC-SUS-21:
110B
110C
108B
111C
l. OPEN breaker 206B on bus 1APC-SUS-31
m. Energize bus 1APC-SUS-31 from 1APE-SWG-3:
CLOSE breaker 202B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus 1APC-SUS-31
n. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APC-SUS-31:
204B
203B
205C
o. Energize bus 1APC-SUS-41 from 1APE-SWG-4:
CLOSE breaker 209B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus 1APC-SUS-41
p. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APC-SUS-41:
207C
207B
208B
q. OPEN breaker 306C on bus 1APC-SUS-32
r. Energize bus 1APC-SUS-32 from 1APE-SWG-3:
CLOSE breaker 302B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus 1APC-SUS-32
CLOSE breaker 303B on bus 1APC-SUS-32
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus 1APC-SUS-42

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Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


s.

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t.

Energize bus 1APC-SUS-42 from 1APE-SWG-4:


CLOSE breaker 310B
At the DCS displays, line up the following 416 V Electrical System breakers:
CLOSE breaker 1APC-52-105C to supply power to Air Compressor 1A
CLOSE breaker 1APC-52-111B to supply power to Air Compressor 1B
CLOSE breaker CAPC-52-102C to supply power to Fire Pump 1A
CLOSE breaker CAPC-52-107C to supply power to Fire Pump 1B

DCS: 1-416V11
DCS: 1-416V21
DCS: 1-416V12
DCS: 1-416V22
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3. Control and Station Air Systems


a. Direct the AO to line up the Control and Station Air Systems for service and verify that personnel are
clear
b. Set the control air pressure valve (1CAA-ACV-005) setpoint at 7.0 bar and place in AUTO
c. START one air compressor (1CAA-CMP-1) A/B
d. Verify the indications of a normal compressor start:
Compressor indication changes to red
Service air receiver (1CAA-AR-1) pressure stabilizes at ~8.5 barg
Control air receiver (1CAB-AR-1) pressure stabilizes at ~7 barg
e. Place the standby air compressor (1CAA-CMP-1) A/B in AUTO
f. Place the Block 1/Block 2 instrument air tie valve (1CAB-ABV-001) in AUTO
DCS: 1CNTLSTA

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4. ST Lube Oil System


a. Verify that the ST Emergency Bearing Lube Oil Pump (1TGD-P-204) is running
b. Place the DC Lube Oil Pump Mode in REMOTE ENABLE
c. START the ST Lube Oil Reservoir Vapor Extractor (1TDG-BL-200)
d. Verify the indication of a normal extractor start (extractor indication changes to red)
e. START one AC bearing oil pump (1TGD-P-200) A/B
f. Verify the indication of a normal pump start (pump indication changes to red)
g. Place the standby AC bearing oil pump (1TGD-P-200) A/B in AUTO
h. STOP the ST Emergency Bearing Lube Oil Pump (1TGD-P-204)
i. Verify that the ST Emergency Bearing Lube Oil Pump (1TGD-P-204) indicates AUTO
j. Verify that ST bearing header lube oil pressure (BHDR) stabilizes at > 0.4 bar
DCS: 1STBRGLO
ST Mk-V: Turning Gear

_______

5. ST Turning Gear
Note: The ST turning gear motor automatically starts when the 1APC-SUS-41 bus is energized.
Verify the following indications:
Speed: 5 RPM
Motor Status: RUNNING
Turning Gear: ENGAGED
ST Mk-V: Turning Gear

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6. ST Generator Hydrogen Seal Oil System


a. Verify that the ST Emergency Seal Oil Pump (2TGG-P-201) is running
b. Place the DC Seal Oil Pump Mode in REMOTE ENABLE
c. START the main seal oil pump (1TGG-P-200)
d. Verify the indication of a normal pump start (pump indication changes to red)
e. STOP the ST Emergency Seal Oil Pump (1TGG-P-201)
f. Verify that the ST Emergency Seal Oil Pump (1TGG-P-201) indicates AUTO
g. START the ST Seal Oil Vacuum Pump (1TGG-P-202)
h. Verify the indication of a normal pump start (pump indication changes to red)
DCS: 1STHG1SL

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7. ST Hydraulic Power Unit (HPU)


a. Direct the AO to line up the ST HPU for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. START one ST HPU pump (2TGH-P-200) A/B
c. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Hydraulic oil supply pressure stabilizes at ~113 bar
d. Place the standby ST HPU pump (2TGH-P-200) A/B in AUTO
DCS: 1STHYOIL
ST Mk-V: Startup

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8. Bypass Valves HPU


a. Direct the AO to line up the bypass valves HPU for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. START one bypass valves HPU pump (2HPA-P) 120/121
c. Verify the indication of a normal pump start (pump indication changes to red)
d. Place the standby bypass valves HPU pump (2HPA-P) 120/121 in AUTO
Note: To access the bypass valves HPU display, select BYPASS VLV HPU on either the BLK 1 HP Bypass
1A or the BLK 1 HP Bypass 1B display.
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

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9. Common Demineralized Water System


a. Direct the AO to line up the Common Demineralized Water System for service and verify that
personnel are clear
Note: Perform the following on Local Operation Screen 2:
OPEN the demineralized water transfer pump discharge valves.
Set the site demineralized water tank fill valve setpoint at 10.0 m.
b. Verify that the level in the site demineralized water storage tank is NOT low
c. Set the demineralized water pump recirc valves (CFWF-ACV-006) A/B/C/D setpoint at 45 l/s and place
in AUTO
d. START one demineralized water transfer pump (CFWF-P-2) A/B/C/D
e. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Pump recirc valve (CFWF-ACV-006) A/B/C/D opens ~75%
Flow stabilizes at ~45 l/s
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~8 barg
f. Place the standby demineralized water transfer pumps (CFWF-P-2) A/B/C/D in AUTO
DCS: CDMWTRSY

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10. Demineralized Water System


a. Direct the AO to line up the Demineralized Water System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Set the demineralized water storage supply valve (1FWF-ACV-008) setpoint at 10,000 mm and place in
AUTO
c. Verify that the level in the demineralized water storage tank is NOT low
d. Set the demineralized water M/A station (1FWF-ACV-013) setpoint at 3,000 mm and place in AUTO
e. Verify that the level in the condensate storage tank is NOT low
DCS: 1DMWTRSY

_______

11. Condenser Hotwell Fill


a. Direct the AO to line up the condenser hotwell for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. START the condensate transfer pump (1FWF-P-3)
c. Verify the indication of a normal pump start (indication changes to red)
d. Set the condenser hotwell make-up M/A station (1FWC-ACV-004A) setpoint at 0 mm and place in
AUTO
e. Place the condenser hotwell emergency make-up valve (1FWC-ABV-004B) in AUTO
f. Verify that the condenser hotwell level is established and maintained near 0 mm
DCS: 1DMWTRSY
DCS: 1SURFCND

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OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


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12. Common Circulating Water Makeup (CWMU) System


a. Direct the AO to line up the CWMU System for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing the circ water sump pump manual valves in
HOLDING POND.
b. Verify that the level in at least one surge tank is NOT low
c. Set the CWMU recirc valves (CHRD-ACV-005) A/B/C/D/E setpoints at 100 l/s and place in AUTO
d. Verify that the CT aux cooling tower supply valve (1HRD-ACV-007) is CLOSED in MANUAL
e. Verify that the main cooling tower level control M/A station (1HRD-ACV-008) is CLOSED in
MANUAL
f. START one CWMU pump (CHRD-P-1) A/B/C/D/E
g. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Pump recirc valve opens ~100%
Flow stabilizes at ~55 l/s
Pressure stabilizes at ~3 barg
h. Place one CWMU pump (CHRD-P-1) A/B/C/D/E in AUTO
i. Set the CT aux cooling tower supply valve (1HRD-ACV-007) setpoint at 0 mm and place in AUTO
j. Verify that the CT aux cooling tower basin level is established and maintained near 0 mm
k. Set the main cooling tower level control M/A station (1HRD-ACV-008) setpoint at 0 mm and place in
AUTO
l. Verify that the main cooling tower basin level is established and maintained near 0 mm
DCS: CCIRWTRS
DCS: 1CTAUXWT
DCS: 1TWRPMP

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13. CT Auxiliary Cooling Water (ACW) System


a. Direct the AO to line up the CT ACW System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Verify that the level in the CT auxiliary cooling tower basin is NOT low
c. START one CT auxiliary cooling water pump (1ECA-P-1) A/B
d. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
CT auxiliary cooling tower basin header pressure stabilizes at ~5.2 barg
e. Place the standby CT auxiliary cooling water pump (1ECA-P-1) A/B in AUTO
f. START one CT auxiliary cooling tower fan (1ECA-FAN-1) A/B
g. Place the standby CT auxiliary cooling tower fan (1ECA-FAN-1) A/B in AUTO
h. Set the CT generator H2 cooler temperature control valves (1ECA-ACV-011) A/B setpoint at 45C and
place in AUTO
i. Set the CT auxiliary cooler temperature control valve (1ECA-ACV-012) A/B setpoint at 45C and place
in AUTO
j. CLOSE the CT air compressor emergency cooling valves (1ECB-ABV-095) and (1ECB-ABV-096) and
place in AUTO
k. OPEN the CT air compressor normal cooling valves (1ECA-ABV-136) and (1ECA-ABV-137) and
place in AUTO
DCS: 1CTAUXWT

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14. Circulating Water (CW) System


a. Direct the AO to line up the CW System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Verify that the level in the cooling tower basin is NOT low
c. Place CCW sump pumps 5A and 5B in AUTO
d. Place the cooling tower sump pump discharge pressure control valve (1HRC-ACV-037) in AUTO
e. Place the condenser CW outlet valves (1HRC-MBV) 017/018 in AUTO
f. Verify that the condenser CW outlet valves (1HRC-MBV) 017/018 throttle open to the INT1 position
g. OPEN the condenser CW inlet valves (1HRC-MBV) 009/011
h. Place the condenser CW inlet valves (1HRC-MBV) 009/011 in AUTO
i. CLOSE the CW pump discharge valves (1HRC-MBV) 002/004/006 and place in AUTO
j. START one CW pump (1HRC-P-1) A/B/C
k. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Discharge valve throttles to the INT2 position
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge pressure stabilizes at > 0.4 barg
l. START a second CW pump (1HRC-P-1) A/B/C
m. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge valves of both running CW pumps fully open
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~1.6 barg
n. Place the standby CW Pump (1HRC-P-1) A/B/C in AUTO
o. Verify that the condenser CW outlet valves (1HRC-MBV) 017/018 fully OPEN
p. Verify that the cooling tower basin level is properly controlled
q. START all cooling tower fans (1HRC-FAN) 110
r. OPEN the vacuum pump cooling valve (1HRC-MBV-124) and place in AUTO
s. OPEN the chlorination system supply valve (1HRC-MBV-125) and place in AUTO
t. Start one CW inhibitor pump (1HRE-P-3) A/B
u. Direct the AO to start the CW chlorination pump
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 3 by placing the chlorination pump for the cooling tower
basin in START.
DCS: 1TWRPMP
DCS: 1SCWTRSY
DCS: 1CIRCWTR
DCS: 1SCFCIRC

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15. Condensate System


a. Direct the AO to line up the Condensate System for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing condensate pump suction valves 1A/1B/1C in
OPEN.
b. Place condensate pump discharge valves (1FWC-MBV) 028/030/032 in AUTO
c. Place the condensate minimum flow recirc M/A station (1FWC-ACV-020) in AUTO
d. Place the hotwell high level M/A station (1FWC-ACV-017) in AUTO
e. Verify that the hotwell level is NOT low
f. START one condensate pump (1FWC-P-1) A/B/C
g. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge valves of all three condensate pumps initially throttle open to the INT position to fill the
system and then fully open
Condensate minimum flow recirc valve (1FWC-ACV-020) opens 35%
Discharge pressure stabilizes at 13.5 barg
h. START a second condensate pump (1FWC-P-1) A/B/C
i. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge valve remains fully open
Condensate minimum flow recirc valve (1FWC-ACV-020) opens 65%
Discharge pressure stabilizes at 13.5 barg
j. Place the standby condensate pump (1FWC-P-1) A/B/C in AUTO
k. OPEN the supply valves to the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B condensate preheaters (1FWC-MBV) 045/047
l. START one ammonia pump (1FWE-P-5) A/B
m. START one oxygen scavenger pump (1FWE-P-4) A/B
DCS: 1CNDPMPS
DCS: 1SURFCND
DCS: 1SCFCOND

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16. Closed Cycle Cooling Water (CCCW) System


a. Direct the AO to line up the CCCW System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Set the CCCW head tank level M/A Station (1ECB-ACV-002) setpoint at 0 mm and place in AUTO
c. Verify that the level in the CCCW head tank is NOT low
d. Set the CCCW ST & BFP M/A station (1ECB-ACV-017) setpoint at 3.5 barg and place in AUTO
e. Set the CCCW supply head temperature M/A station (1ECB-ACV-014A) setpoint at 30C and place in
AUTO
f. Set the ST generator cooler temperature M/A station (1ECB-ACV-019) setpoint at 35C and place in
AUTO
g. Set the ST lube oil cooler temperature M/A station (1ECB-ACV-022) setpoint at 30C and place in
AUTO
h. START one CCCW pump (1ECB-P-1) A/B
i. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Pressure stabilizes at ~5 barg
j. Place the standby CCCW pump (1ECB-P-1) A/B in AUTO
DCS: 1CCCWSYS

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17. Deaerator Storage Tank Fill


a. Direct the AO to line up the deaerator storage tank for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 2 by placing the deaerator vent valve in S/U (start up).
b. Verify that the condensate preheater drain valves (1SGA-ABV-307) A/B are CLOSED in MANUAL
c. Place the condensate to HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B M/A stations (1FWC-ACV-027) A/B in AUTO
d. Place the condensate preheater bypass M/A stations (1FWC-ACV-026) A/B in AUTO
e. Verify that the deaerator level mode is in SINGLE element control
f. Set the deaerator level control M/A station (1FWC-ACV-021A) setpoint at 0 mm
g. Place both deaerator level control M/A stations (1FWC-ACV-021) A/B in AUTO
h. Place the deaerator level dump control valve (1FWA-ABV-008) in AUTO
i. Verify that deaerator level is established and maintained near 0 mm
DCS: 1LPSTM1A
DCS: 1LPSTM1B
DCS: 1DEATNK

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18. HRSG-1A Blowdown System


a. Verify that one chemical waste sump pump (CWWA-P-1) A/B is running
b. Verify that one neutralization basin pump (CWWA-P-2) A/B is running
c. Direct the AO to line up the HRSG 1A Blowdown System for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 3 by placing one HRSG-1A blowdown sump pump in
START.
d. Set the continuous blowdown M/A station (1SGF-ACV-004A) setpoint at 0 mm and place in AUTO
e. Set the blowdown sump M/A station (1WSC-ACV-001A) setpoint at 100C and place in AUTO
f. Set the circulating water M/A station (1HRC-ACV-035A) setpoint at 50C and place in AUTO
g. OPEN the continuous blowdown to deaerator isolation valve (1SGF-MBV-001A)
DCS: 1CHEMWST
DCS: 1AHRSGBD
DCS: 1DEATNK

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19. HRSG-1B Blowdown System


a. Direct the AO to line up the HRSG 1B Blowdown System for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 3 by placing one HRSG-1B blowdown sump pump in
START.
b. Set the continuous blowdown M/A station (1SGF-ACV-004B) setpoint at 0 mm and place in AUTO
c. Set the blowdown sump M/A station (1WSC-ACV-001B) setpoint at 100C and place in AUTO
d. Set the circulating water M/A station (1HRC-ACV-035B) setpoint at 50C and place in AUTO
e. OPEN the continuous blowdown to deaerator isolation valve (1SGF-MBV-001B)
DCS: 1BHRSGBD
DCS: 1DEATNK

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20. HRSG-1A
a. Direct the AO to line up HRSG-1A for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 2 by placing all HRSG A drains in CLOSE.
b. Line up the 1A HP HRSG as follows:
HP secondary superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-086A) CLOSED in AUTO
HP primary superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-085A) CLOSED
HP evaporator startup drain valves (1SGA-MBV-091A) and (1SGF-ABV-012A) CLOSED in
AUTO
HP evaporator intermittent drain valves (1SGA-MBV-092A) and (1SGF-ABV-013A) CLOSED
HP drum drain valve (1SGA-MBV-089A) CLOSED
HP superheater attemperator spray control valve (1SGA-ACV-330A) setpoint at 560C in AUTO
HP superheater attemperator spray isolation valve (1SGA-ABV-329A) CLOSED in AUTO
HP secondary superheater vent (1SGA-MBV-094A) CLOSED
HP drum vent (1SGA-MBV-093A) OPEN
c. Line up the 1A IP HRSG as follows:
IP secondary reheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-062A) CLOSED
IP primary reheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-059A) CLOSED in AUTO
IP superheater pressure control valve (1SGA-ACV-346A) in AUTO
IP superheater/reheater isolation valve (1SGA-MBV-058A) OPEN
IP superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-057A) CLOSED in AUTO
IP superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-054A) CLOSED
IP evaporator startup drain valves (1SGA-MBV-075A) and (1SGF-ABV-010A) CLOSED in
AUTO
IP evaporator intermittent drain valves (1SGA-MBV-076A) and (1SGF-ABV-011A) CLOSED
IP drum drain valve (1SGA-MBV-073A) CLOSED
IP secondary reheater attemperator drain valve (1SGA-MBV-066A) CLOSED in AUTO
IP reheater attemperator spray control valve (1SGA-ACV-363A) setpoint at 560C in AUTO
IP reheater attemperator spray isolation valve (1SGA-ABV-364A) CLOSED in AUTO
IP drum vent (1SGA-MBV-078A) OPEN
d. Line up the 1A LP HRSG as follows:
LP evaporator startup drain valves (1SGA-MBV-047A) and (1SGF-ABV-008A) CLOSED in
AUTO
LP evaporator intermittent drain valves (1SGA-MBV-048A) and (1SGF-ABV-009A) CLOSED
LP drum drain valve (1SGA-MBV-049A) CLOSED
LP superheater vent (1SGA-MBV-052A) OPEN
LP superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-034A) CLOSED
LP superheater vent (1SGA-MBV-031A) OPEN
DCS: 1HPSTM1A
DCS: 1IPSTM1A
DCS: 1LPSTM1A

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

21. HRSG-1B
a. Direct the AO to line up HRSG-1B for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 2 by placing all HRSG B drains in CLOSE.
b. Line up the 1B HP HRSG as follows:
HP secondary superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-086B) CLOSED in AUTO
HP primary superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-085B) CLOSED
HP evaporator startup drain valves (1SGA-MBV-091B) and (1SGF-ABV-012B) CLOSED in
AUTO
HP evaporator intermittent drain valves (1SGA-MBV-092B) and (1SGF-ABV-013B) CLOSED
HP drum drain valve (1SGA-MBV-089B) CLOSED
HP superheater attemperator spray control valve (1SGA-ACV-330B) setpoint at 560C in AUTO
HP superheater attemperator spray isolation valve (1SGA-ABV-329B) CLOSED in AUTO
HP secondary superheater vent (1SGA-MBV-094B) CLOSED
HP drum vent (1SGA-MBV-093B) OPEN
c. Line up the 1B IP HRSG as follows:
IP secondary reheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-062B) CLOSED
IP primary reheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-059B) CLOSED in AUTO
IP superheater pressure control valve (1SGA-ACV-346B) in AUTO
IP superheater/reheater isolation valve (1SGA-MBV-058B) OPEN
IP superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-057B) CLOSED in AUTO
IP superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-054B) CLOSED
IP evaporator startup drain valves (1SGA-MBV-075B) and (1SGF-ABV-010B) CLOSED in
AUTO
IP evaporator intermittent drain valves (1SGA-MBV-076B) and (1SGF-ABV-011B) CLOSED
IP drum drain valve (1SGA-MBV-073B) CLOSED
IP secondary reheater attemperator drain valve (1SGA-MBV-066B) CLOSED in AUTO
IP reheater attemperator spray control valve (1SGA-ACV-363B) setpoint at 560C in AUTO
IP reheater attemperator spray isolation valve (1SGA-ABV-364B) CLOSED in AUTO
IP drum vent (1SGA-MBV-078B) OPEN
d. Line up the 1B LP HRSG as follows:
LP evaporator startup drain valves (1SGA-MBV-047B) and (1SGF-ABV-008B) CLOSED in
AUTO
LP evaporator intermittent drain valves (1SGA-MBV-048B) and (1SGF-ABV-009B) CLOSED
LP drum drain valve (1SGA-MBV-049B) CLOSED
LP superheater vent (1SGA-MBV-052B) OPEN
LP superheater drain valve (1SGA-MBV-034B) CLOSED
LP superheater vent (1SGA-MBV-031B) OPEN
DCS: 1HPSTM1B
DCS: 1IPSTM1B
DCS: 1LPSTM1B

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OP2_CCPP-14

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

22. Feedwater System


a. Direct the AO to line up the HP and IP/LP Feedwater Systems for service and verify that personnel are
clear
b. Verify that there is adequate make-up water inventory to fill the HRSG drums:
Deaerator storage tank is NOT low (> 650 mm)
Condenser hotwell level is NOT low (> 57 mm)
Condensate storage tank level is NOT low (> 1288 mm)
Demineralized water storage tank level is NOT low (> 2500 mm)
DCS: 1DEATNK
DCS: 1SURFCND
DCS: 1DMWTRSY

_______

23. HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B HP Drum Fill


a. OPEN the HP drum fill valve (1SGA-MBV-096) A/B to begin filling
Note:
The indicated flow to the HP drum is 0 kg/s during fill from the Condensate System because the HP
feedwater flow transmitters are located upstream of the HP drum level control valves.
Monitor the level in the condenser hotwell during HP drum filling.
b.
c.

Fill the HP drum to the pre-startup level (150 25 mm)


CLOSE the HP drum fill valve (1SGA-MBV-096) A/B
Note: If the drum is inadvertently overfilled, open the HP drum intermittent blowdown valves (1SGAMBV-092) A/B and (1SGF-ABV-013) A/B to lower the level to 150 25 mm.

d.
e.
f.
g.

Verify that the HP drum level control mode selector 1A/1B is in SINGLE element control and AUTO
Set the HP drum level control (1FWA-ACV-020) A1/B1 at 150 mm
Place the HP drum level controls (1FWA-ACV-020) A1/A2/B1/B2 in AUTO
Verify that the HP drum level is maintained near 150 mm

DCS: 1HPSTM1A
DCS: 1HPSTM1B

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OP2_CCPP-15

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

24. IP/LP Boiler Feedwater Pump (BFP) Start


a. Place the IP/LP BFP lube oil pumps (1FWA-P-4) A/B/C in AUTO
b. OPEN the IP/LP BFP suction valves (1FWA-MBV) 041/048/055
c. Set the IP/LP BFP recirc M/A stations (1FWA-ACV-32) A/B/C setpoints at 20 kg/s and place in AUTO
d. Verify that the IP/LP BFP discharge valves (1FWA-MBV) 045/052/059 are CLOSED
e. Place the IP/LP BFP discharge valves (1FWA-MBV) 045/052/059 in AUTO
f. START one IP/LP BFP (1FWA-P-2) A/B/C
g. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
All three IP/LP BFP lube oil pumps start
All three IP/LP BFP discharge valves fully open
Recirc valve opens
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~65 barg
Lube oil pump of the started BFP stops after ~30 seconds
h. OPEN the IP/LP BFP isolation valves (1FWA-MBV) 064/124
i. Place the IP/LP BFP isolation valves (1FWA-MBV) 064/124 in AUTO
DCS: 1IPLPBFP

_______

25. HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B LP Drum Fill


a. Verify that the LP drum level control mode selector 1A/1B is in SINGLE element control and AUTO
b. OPEN the LP feedwater valve (1SGA-ACV-306) A1/B1 to begin filling
Note:
Monitor the level in the deaerator during LP drum filling.
A feedwater high flow alarm will result if the LP feedwater valve is opened > 60% during filling of
the drum.
c. Fill LP drum to the pre-startup level (150 25 mm)
d. CLOSE the LP feedwater valve (1SGA-ACV-306) A1/B1
Note: If the drum is inadvertently overfilled, open the LP drum intermittent blowdown valves (1SGAMBV-048) A/B and (1SGF-ABV-009) A/B to lower the level to 150 25 mm.
e. Set the LP feedwater valve (1SGA-ACV-306) A1/B1 at 150 mm
f. Place the LP feedwater valves (1SGA-ACV-306) A1/A2/B1/B2 in AUTO
g. Verify that the LP drum level is maintained near 150 mm
DCS: 1LPSTM1A
DCS: 1LPSTM1B

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OP2_CCPP-16

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

26. HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B IP Drum Fill


Note: Initiating IP drum fill prior to the completion of LP drum fill may result in low deaerator level.
a.
b.

Verify that the IP drum level control mode selector 1A/1B is in SINGLE element control and AUTO
OPEN the IP feedwater valve (1SGA-ACV-333) A1/B1 to begin filling
Note:
Monitor the level in the deaerator during IP drum filling.
A feedwater high flow alarm will result if the IP feedwater valve is opened > 45%.

c.
d.

Fill the IP drum to the pre-startup level (150 25 mm)


CLOSE the IP feedwater valve (1SGA-ACV-333) A1/B1
Note: If the drum is inadvertently overfilled, open the IP drum intermittent blowdown valves (1SGAMBV-076) A/B and (1SGF-ABV-011) A/B to lower the level to 150 25 mm.

e.
f.
g.

Set the IP feedwater valve (1SGA-ACV-333) A1/B1 at 150 mm


Place the IP feedwater valves (1SGA-ACV-333) A1/A2/B1/B2 in AUTO
Verify that the IP drum level is maintained near 150 mm

DCS: 1IPSTM1A
DCS: 1IPSTM1B

_______

27. Second IP/LP BFP Start


a. START a second IP/LP BFP (1FWA-P-2) A/B/C
b. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Recirc valve opens
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge valve remains fully open
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~67 barg
Lube oil pump of the started BFP stops after ~30 seconds
c. Place the standby IP/LP BFP in AUTO
DCS: 1IPLPBFP

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OP2_CCPP-17

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

28. HP BFP Start


a. Place the HP BFP lube oil pumps (1FWA-P-3) A/B/C in AUTO
b. OPEN the HP BFP suction valves (1FWA-MBV) 002/009/016
c. Set the HP BFP recirc M/A stations (1FWA-ACV-016) A/B/C setpoints at 40 kg/s and place in AUTO
d. Verify that the HP BFP discharge valves (1FWA-MBV) 006/013/020 are CLOSED
e. Place the HP BFP discharge valves (1FWA-MBV) 006/013/020 in AUTO
f. START one HP BFP (1FWA-P-1) A/B/C
g. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
All three HP BFP lube oil pumps start
All three HP BFP discharge valves fully open
Recirc valve opens
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~187 barg
Lube oil pump of the started BFP stops after ~30 seconds
h. OPEN the HP BFP isolation valves (1FWA-MBV-026) A/B
i. Place the HP BFP isolation valves (1FWA-MBV-026) A/B in AUTO
DCS: 1HPBFPS
DCS: 1HPSTM1A
DCS: 1HPSTM1B

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OP2_CCPP-18

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

29. Second HP BFP Start


a. START a second HP BFP (1FWA-P-1) A/B/C
b. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Recirc valve opens
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge valve remains fully open
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~187 barg
Lube oil pump of the started BFP stops after ~30 seconds
c. Place the standby HP BFP in AUTO
DCS: 1HPBFPS

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OP2_CCPP-19

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

30. HP Steam and Drain Systems


a. Direct the AO to line up the HP, reheat, and LP steam and drain systems for service and verify that
personnel are clear
b. Line up the HP Steam System valves as follows:
Lead HRSG HP steam isolation valve (1SGG-MBV-004) A/B CLOSED in MANUAL
Lag HRSG HP steam isolation valve (1SGG-MBV-004) A/B CLOSED in AUTO
HP bypass isolation valves (1SGG-HBV-001) A/B CLOSED in AUTO
HP bypass pressure control valves (1SGG-HCV-005) A/B setpoint at 50 barg in AUTO
HP bypass temperature M/A stations (1SGG-ACV-022) A/B setpoint at 40C in AUTO
HP bypass attemperator spray isolation valves (1FWA-HBV-037) A/B CLOSED in AUTO
HP bypass attemperator spray control valves (1FWA-HCV-038) A/B in AUTO
HP steam supply valve to the ST steam seal header (1SGG-MBV-047) CLOSED in MANUAL
c. Place the following HP Steam Drain System valves in AUTO:
(HP-1) A/B
(HP-2)
(HP-3) A/B
(HP-4) A/B
(HP-5) A/B
d. CLOSE HP Steam Drain System valves (HP-6) A/B
DCS: 1HPSTMSY
DCS: 1HPSTMDR

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OP2_CCPP-20

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

31. Reheat Steam and Drain Systems


a. Line up the Hot Reheat Steam System valves as follows:
Lead HRSG hot reheat steam isolation valve (1SGJ-MBV-005) A/B CLOSED in MANUAL
Lag HRSG hot reheat steam isolation valve (1SGJ-MBV-005) A/B CLOSED in AUTO
Reheat bypass isolation valves (1SGJ-HBV-002) A/B CLOSED in AUTO
Reheat bypass pressure control valves (1SGJ-HCV-003) A/B in AUTO
Reheat bypass warm-up temperature controls (1SGJ-ACV-016A) A/B setpoint at 40C in AUTO
Reheat bypass attemperator spray isolation valves (1FWC-ABV-023) A/B in AUTO
Reheat bypass attemperator spray control valves (1FWC-HCV-024) A1/A2/B1/B2 in AUTO
b. Place the following Hot Reheat Steam Drain System valves in AUTO:
HR-1A/B
HR-2 AA, AB, BA, and BB
HR-3 AA, AB, BA, and BB
HR-4 A/B
HR-5 A/B
HR-211 A/B
c. Line up the Cold Reheat Steam System valves as follows:
Lead HRSG cold reheat steam isolation valve (1SGR-MBV-003) A/B CLOSED in MANUAL
Lag HRSG cold reheat steam isolation valve (1SGR-MBV-003) A/B CLOSED in AUTO
d. Place the following Cold Reheat Steam Drain System valves in AUTO:
IP-1
IP-2
CR-1 A/B
CR-3
CR-5
CR-7
CR-8
DCS: 1HRHTSYS
DCS: 1CNDPMP2
DCS: 1CRHTSYS
DCS: 1HRHTDRN
DCS: 1CRHTDRN

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OP2_CCPP-21

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

32. LP Steam and Drain Systems


a. Line up the LP Steam System valves as follows:
LP steam isolation valves (1SGL-MBV-006) A/B CLOSED
LP steam bypass isolation valves (1SGL-HBV-007) A/B CLOSED in AUTO
LP steam bypass pressure control valves (1SGL-HCV-001) A/B setpoint at 5.5 barg in AUTO
b. Place the following LP Steam Drain System valves in AUTO:
LP-1AA, AB, BA, and BB
LP-2
LP-3A/B
DCS: 1LPSTMSY
DCS: 1LPSTMDR

_______

33. Deaerator Pegging Steam


a. Verify that the steam supply valve from Blocks 2 and 3 (1SGM-MBV-013) is CLOSED
b. Set the deaerator pegging steam pressure control valves (1SGL-ACV-008) A/B setpoint at 1.2 barg and
place in AUTO
c. Set the deaerator pegging steam control valve from IP steam (1SGM-ACV-001) setpoint at 5.5 barg and
place in AUTO
d. OPEN the IP steam supply valves from HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B (1SGM-MBV-011) A/B
DCS: 1DEATNK

_______

34. Gland Steam Condenser Exhausters


a. Direct the AO to line up the gland steam condenser exhausters for service and verify that personnel are
clear
b. Verify that the gland steam condenser exhausters (2TGC-BL-201) A/B are STOPPED in MANUAL
c. Place the condensate to gland steam exhaust valve (2FWC-SBV-035) in AUTO
DCS: 1STSEAL

_______

35. ST Steam Seal System


a. Direct the AO to line up the ST Steam Seal System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Set the steam seal attemperator M/A station (2FWA-ACV-065) setpoint at 260C and place in AUTO
c. Place the steam seal pressure control in SSC OUT
d. Place the steam seal pressure control in SSC MANUAL
DCS: 1STSEAL
ST Mk-V: Steam Seal Pressure Control

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OP2_CCPP-22

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

36. Condenser Vacuum Pumps


a. Direct the AO to line up the condenser vacuum pumps for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Verify that the condenser vacuum pumps (1HRB-P-1) A/B/C are STOPPED in MANUAL
c. Place the condenser vacuum pump suction valves (1HRB-ABV-004) A/B/C in AUTO
d. Place the condenser vacuum pump exhaust separator valves (1HRB-SBV-101) A/B/C in AUTO
e. Place the condenser vacuum pump standby selector in A SEL/B SEL/C SEL as desired
DCS: 1SURFCND

_______

37. HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B Diverter Dampers


a. Direct the AO to line up the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter damper systems for service and verify
that personnel are clear
Note: Perform the following on Local Operation Screen 1:
Place the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter damper seal air fans in AUTO
Place the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter damper hydraulic pumps in AUTO
b. Place the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B Boiler Couple Permissive Controllers in UNCPLD
c. Verify that the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B are positioned at 0%
d. Place the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B in MANUAL
e. RESET the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

38. Fuel Gas System


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs will be started with fuel gas. If the CTs will be started with fuel oil,
proceed to the next step.
a.

b.
c.
d.
e.

f.

Direct the AO to line up the Fuel Gas System for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform the following on Local Operation Screen 1:
OPEN the main fuel gas supply valve
OPEN the CT-1A and CT-1B fuel gas exchanger line valves
OPEN the CT-1A and CT-1B fuel gas heater line valves
CLOSE the CT A/B fuel gas crossover valve
Verify that the fuel gas vent valve (1FGA-ABV-008) is CLOSED
Place the fuel gas supply isolation valve control in DCIS
OPEN the fuel gas supply valve (1FGA-ABV-002)
Line up Fuel Gas Heater 1A as follows:
Verify that the level in the vertical fuel gas separator (1FGA-SEP-2A) is NOT high
CLOSE the heat exchanger outlet valve (1FGA-ABV-031A)
CLOSE the heat exchanger feedwater supply isolation valve (1FWA-ABV-040A)
Set the heat exchanger temperature control valve (1FWA-ACV-047A) setpoint at 170C and place
in AUTO
Verify that the heater emergency trip is RESET
Verify that the heater indicates SYSTEM IN REMOTE
Line up Fuel Gas Heater 1B as follows:
Verify that the level in the vertical fuel gas separator (1FGA-SEP-2B) is NOT high
CLOSE the heat exchanger outlet valve (1FGA-ABV-031B)
CLOSE the heat exchanger feedwater supply isolation valve (1FWA-ABV-040B)
Set the heat exchanger temperature control valve (1FWA-ACV-047B) setpoint at 170C and place
in AUTO
Verify that the heater emergency trip is RESET
Verify that the heater indicates SYSTEM IN REMOTE

DCS: 1FGSYS
DCS: 1FGHTG1A
DCS: 1FGHTG1B

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

39. Fuel Oil System


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs will be started with fuel oil. If the CTs will be started with fuel gas,
proceed to Step 41.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.

Direct the AO to line up the Fuel Oil System for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing the fuel oil pumps A/B/C/D discharge valves in
OPEN.
Verify that the level in at least one fuel oil storage tank is NOT low
Verify that the fuel oil supply isolation valves (1FOB-ABV-006) A/B are CLOSED in MANUAL
START one fuel oil forwarding pump (1FOB-P-1) A/B/C/D
Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~7.9 barg
Place the standby fuel oil forwarding pumps (1FOB-P-1) A/B/C/D in AUTO
Place the fuel oil supply isolation valves (1FOB-ABV-006) A/B in AUTO
Place the fuel oil pressure control M/A stations (1FOB-ABV-008) A1/A2/B1/B2 in AUTO

DCS: CFOSYS
DCS: 1FOSYS

_______

40. NOX Water Transfer Pumps


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs will be started with fuel oil. If the CTs will be started with fuel gas,
proceed to the next step.
a.
b.
c.
d.

e.
f.

g.

Direct the AO to line up the NOX water transfer pumps for service and verify that personnel are clear
Place the NOX water transfer pump recirc valves (1FWF-ABV-001) A/B/C/D in AUTO
START one NOX water transfer pump (1FWF-P-1) A/B/C/D
Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Pump recirc valve opens
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~4.7 barg
START a second NOX water transfer pump (1FWF-P-1) A/B/C/D
Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Pump recirc valve opens
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~4.7 barg
Place the standby NOX water transfer pumps (1FWF-P-1) A/B/C/D in AUTO

DCS: 1DMWTRSY

_______

41. Load Commutating Inverters (LCI)


Direct the AO to line up LCI No. 1 and No. 2 for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing the LCI Selection in A/B.

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

42. CT-1A Preparation


a. Direct the AO to line up CT-1A for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Cycle the lead/lag motor selectors for the following fans and pumps to NO. 2 LEAD and then to NO. 1
LEAD:
Turbine Tunnel and Frame Cooling Fans
Hyd. Supply Pumps
Aux Lube Oil Pumps
Turbine Comp Cooling Fans
c. Cycle the lead/lag motor selector for the Lube Mist Sep Fans to 1B LEAD and then to 1A LEAD
d. Verify that the Sync Mode indicates REMOTE ENABLE
e. Verify that the EX2000 regulator indicates EX2000 STOP and AUTO REG
f. Verify that the Soft Start Mode is in OFF
Note: If the CT has been shutdown > 50 hours, place the Soft Start Mode in ON, which will hold the
CT at ~85% speed for 90 minutes.
g.

Perform this step for fuel oil startup only:


Select ENABLE 88WN-1
Place the Water Injection Enable in ON
h. Place the Master Select in AUTO
i. RESET the Master Reset
j. RESET the DCS Emergency Trip
k. Verify that all Mk-V startup checks/permissives are satisfied
l. Verify that all Mk-V trips are RESET
m. Verify the Fuel Select indicates GAS or DIST (fuel oil) as appropriate
n. Verify that the Unit Control indicates READY TO START
CT-1A Mk-V: Motor Lead/Lag Select
CT-1A Mk-V: Synchronization
CT-1A Mk-V: EX2000 Exciter
CT-1A Mk-V: Unit Control
CT-1A Mk-V: Water Injection Control
CT-1A Mk-V: Start Checks
CT-1A Mk-V: Trips Display
DCS: 1ABRESET

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OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

43. CT-1B Preparation


a. Direct the AO to line up CT-1B for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Cycle the lead/lag motor selectors for the following fans and pumps to NO. 2 LEAD and then to NO. 1
LEAD:
Turbine Tunnel and Frame Cooling Fans
Hyd. Supply Pumps
Aux Lube Oil Pumps
Turbine Comp Cooling Fans
c. Cycle the lead/lag motor selector for the Lube Mist Sep Fans to 1B LEAD and then to 1A LEAD
d. Verify that the Sync Mode indicates REMOTE ENABLE
e. Verify that the EX2000 regulator indicates EX2000 STOP and AUTO REG
f. Verify that the Soft Start Mode is in OFF
Note: If the CT has been shutdown > 50 hours, place the Soft Start Mode in ON, which will hold the
CT at ~85% speed for 90 minutes.
g.

Perform this for fuel oil startup only:


Select ENABLE 88WN-1
Place the Water Injection Enable in ON
h. Place the Master Select in AUTO
i. RESET the Master Reset
j. RESET the DCS Emergency Trip
k. Verify that all Mk-V startup checks/permissives are satisfied
l. Verify that all Mk-V trips are RESET
m. Verify that the Fuel Select indicates GAS or DIST (fuel oil) as appropriate
n. Verify that the Unit Control indicates READY TO START
CT-1B Mk-V: Motor Lead/Lag Select
CT-1B Mk-V: Synchronization
CT-1B Mk-V: EX2000 Exciter
CT-1B Mk-V: Unit Control
CT-1B Mk-V: Water Injection Control
CT-1B Mk-V: Start Checks
CT-1B Mk-V: Trips Display
DCS: 1ABRESET

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OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

44. Steam Turbine Preparation


a. Direct the AO to line up the ST for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Verify the following:
Main stop valves (MSV/MSV2) and control valves (V1/V1L) are CLOSED
Reheat stop valves (LRSV/RRSV) and intercept valves (LIV/RIV) are CLOSED
LP steam admission valves ACV and ASV are CLOSED
Eccentricity is < 2 mm
Hydraulic pressure (HYD) is 110 barg
Bearing lube oil header pressure (BHDR) is 0.4 barg
Turning gear is engaged
Reverse flow is indicated
Ventilator valve is OPEN
Speed is 5 rpm
Lube oil cooler outlet temperature is 27C
Sync Mode is OFF
EX2000 regulator indicates EX2000 STOP and AUTO REG
c. Place the following valves in AUTO:
Stop valve before seat drains A/B
Stop valve after seat drains A/B
Reheat stop valve after seat drains A/B
ACV before/after seat drains
Vacuum breaker
Note: The Combined Cycle Power Plant is ready for startup using manual controls. The next step in the
procedure begins the startup.
ST Mk-V: Unit Control
ST Mk-V: Startup
ST Mk-V: Turning Gear
ST Mk-V: Synchronization
ST Mk-V: EX2000 Exciter
ST Mk-V: MOV Control

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Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

45. Lead CT Startup


a. Place the Master Control in START to initiate the CT startup
b. Verify that the lead CT completes the following startup sequence:
CT Startup Sequence Event

CT Mk-V Unit Control Indication

Place the Master Control in START


Auxiliaries start, lube oil pressure establishes,
turning gear rotates the CT
LCI energizes, EX2000 exciter starts, and LCI
disconnect switch closes to crank the CT
Purge (two minutes at 15.5% operating speed)
Ignition (at 14.25% operating speed)
Warm-up (one minute at 14.25% operating speed)
Acceleration to operating speed
LCI de-energizes and LCI disconnect switch opens
(at 85% operating speed)
Startup complete (at 100% operating speed)

STARTUP STATUS / STARTING


STARTUP STATUS / STARTING
STARTUP STATUS / CRANKING
STARTUP STATUS / CRANKING
STARTUP STATUS / FIRING
STARTUP STATUS / WARMING UP
STARTUP STATUS / ACCELERATING
STARTUP STATUS / ACCELERATING
RUN STATUS / FULL SPEED NO LOAD

Note: If the Soft Start Mode is ON, the CT will hold at ~85% speed for 90 minutes.
Lead CT Mk-V: Unit Control

_______

46. Lead HRSG Heat-up


a. Verify the lead HRSG HP bypass pressure control valve (1SGG-HCV-005) A/B setpoint at 50 barg
b. OPEN the following valves:
Lead HRSG hot reheat steam isolation valve (1SGJ-MBV-005) A/B
Lead HRSG cold reheat steam isolation valve (1SGR-MBV-003) A/B
Lead HRSG HP steam isolation valve (1SGG-MBV-004) A/B
c. Place the following valves in AUTO:
Lead HRSG hot reheat steam isolation valve (1SGJ-MBV-005) A/B
Lead HRSG cold reheat steam isolation valve (1SGR-MBV-003) A/B
Lead HRSG HP steam isolation valve (1SGG-MBV-004) A/B
d. OPEN the lead HRSG diverter damper (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B to 20% to begin heating the HRSG
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

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Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

47. Lead CT Synchronization


Automatic Synchronization
a. Verify the EX2000 START indication
b. Place the Sync Mode in AUTO SYNC
c. Verify that the lead CT generator breaker is CLOSED when the auto synchronizing permissives are met
Note: Load will automatically begin increasing to the Spinning Reserve value (1822 MW).
Manual Synchronization from the EMP
a. Verify the EX2000 START indication
b. On the EMP:
Place the SS Sync selector in ON
Place the SS/1 Sync selector in CT1A or CT1B as appropriate for the lead CT
c. On the lead CT Mk-V display, place the synchronizing location selector in EMP ON
d. On the EMP:
Slowly LOWER or RAISE the Volt control until the Incoming Voltage matches the Running
Voltage
Slowly LOWER or RAISE the Speed control until the Sync Scope is slowly rotating (3 rpm) in the
clockwise direction
When the sync scope is near the 12 oclock position, place the Gen Bkr control in CLOSE to
synchronize the generator with the grid
Verify that the lead CT generator breaker indicates CLOSED
e. Place the SS Sync selector in OFF
Note: Load will automatically begin increasing to the Spinning Reserve value (1822 MW).
Lead CT Mk-V: EX2000 Exciter
Lead CT Mk-V: Synchronization
EMP

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48. Lead CT Initial Load


a. Place the Load Control in PRESEL LOAD
b. Set the Load Control MW Setpoint at 20 MW
c. Place the PF/VAR Control in MVAR CTRL ON
d. Set the MVAR Setpoint at 0 MVAR
e. If the lead CT is firing with fuel gas, place the lead CT fuel gas heater (1FGA-HT-1) A/B in ON
Lead CT Mk-V: Unit Control
DCS: 1FGHTG1A
DCS: 1FGHTG1B

_______

49. Lag CT Startup


a. Place the Master Control in START to initiate the CT startup
b. Verify that the lag CT completes the following startup sequence:
CT Startup Sequence Event

CT Mk-V Unit Control Indication

Place the Master Control in START


Auxiliaries start, lube oil pressure establishes,
turning gear rotates the CT
LCI energizes, EX2000 exciter starts, and LCI
disconnect switch closes to crank the CT
Purge (two minutes at 15.5% operating speed)
Ignition (at 14.25% operating speed)
Warm-up (one minute at 14.25% operating
speed)
Acceleration to operating speed
LCI de-energizes and LCI disconnect switch
opens (at 85% operating speed)
Startup complete (at 100% operating speed)

STARTUP STATUS / STARTING


STARTUP STATUS / STARTING
STARTUP STATUS / CRANKING
STARTUP STATUS / CRANKING
STARTUP STATUS / FIRING
STARTUP STATUS / WARMING UP
STARTUP STATUS / ACCELERATING
STARTUP STATUS / ACCELERATING
RUN STATUS / FULL SPEED NO LOAD

Note: If the Soft Start Mode is ON, the CT will hold at ~85% speed for 90 minutes.
Lag CT Mk-V: Unit Control

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OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

50. Lag HRSG Heat-up


a. Verify the lag HRSG HP bypass pressure control valve (1SGG-HCV-005) A/B setpoint at 50 barg
b. OPEN the lag HRSG diverter damper (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B to 20% to begin heating the HRSG
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

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Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

51. Lag CT Synchronization


Automatic Synchronization
a. Verify the EX2000 START indication
b. Place the Sync Mode in AUTO SYNC
c. Verify that the lag CT generator breaker is CLOSED when the auto synchronizing permissives are met
Note: Load will automatically begin increasing to the Spinning Reserve value (1822 MW).
Manual Synchronization from the EMP
a. Verify the EX2000 START indication
b. On the EMP:
Place the SS Sync selector in ON
Place the SS/1 Sync selector in CT1A or CT1B as appropriate for the lag CT
c. On the lag CT Mk-V display, place the synchronizing location selector in EMP ON
d. On the EMP:
Slowly LOWER or RAISE the Volt control until the Incoming Voltage matches the Running
Voltage
Slowly LOWER or RAISE the Speed control until the Sync Scope is slowly rotating (3 rpm) in the
clockwise direction
When the sync scope is near the 12 oclock position, place the Gen Bkr control in CLOSE to
synchronize the generator with the grid
Verify that the lag CT generator breaker indicates CLOSED
e. Place the SS Sync selector in OFF
Note: Load will automatically begin increasing to the Spinning Reserve value (1822 MW).
Lag CT Mk-V: EX2000 Exciter
Lag CT Mk-V: Synchronization
EMP

_______

52. Lag CT Initial Load


a. Place the Load Control in PRESEL LOAD
b. Set the Load Control MW Setpoint at 20 MW
c. Place the PF/VAR Control in MVAR CTRL ON
d. Set the MVAR Setpoint at 0 MVAR
e. If the lag CT is firing with fuel gas, place the lag CT fuel gas heater (1FGA-HT-1) A/B in ON
Lag CT Mk-V: Unit Control
DCS: 1FGHTG1A
DCS: 1FGHTG1B

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OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

53. ST Steam Seal System


a. When HP steam pressure is 20 barg, OPEN the HP steam supply valve to the ST steam seal header
(1SGG-MBV-047)
Note: HP steam pressure will increase to 20 barg approximately 2 hours after HRSG heating begins.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

Place the steam seal pressure control in SSC IN


Slowly RAISE the steam seal pressure control until the valve position (SSPCX) is ~15%
Maintain the steam seal pressure control valve position (SSPCX) at ~ -15% for 15 minutes
After 15 minutes have elapsed, slowly RAISE the steam seal pressure control until the pressure (SSP_P)
is ~0.18 bar
Place the steam seal pressure control in AUTO (SSC Auto)

DCS: 1HPSTMSY
ST Mk-V: Steam Seal Pressure Source
ST Mk-V: Steam Seal Pressure Control

_______

54. Gland Steam Condenser Exhausters


a. START one gland steam condenser exhauster (2TGC-BL-201) A/B
b. Verify the indication of a normal exhauster start (indication changes to red)
c. Place the standby gland steam condenser exhauster (2TGC-BL-201) A/B in AUTO
DCS: 1STSEAL

_______

55. Condenser Vacuum Pumps


a. Place the condenser vacuum pumps (1HRB-P-1) A/B/C in AUTO
b. Verify the indications of normal pump starting:
Pump indications change to red
Suction valves open
c. CLOSE the vacuum breaker valve
d. Verify that vacuum begins increasing
DCS: 1SURFCND
ST Mk-V: MOV Control

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OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

56. Condenser Vacuum Established


When the condenser vacuum is < 379 mmHga (Lo Lo Lo vacuum alarm clear):
a. Gradually OPEN the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B in increments of
5% at the rate of 5% per minute. This should take approximately 65 minutes.
b. When the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B are 85% open, OPEN the
dampers 100%
c. Place the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B in AUTO
d. When the condenser vacuum is < 180 mmHga, verify the following:
Standby condenser vacuum pump is RUNNING
Non-standby condenser vacuum pumps are STOPPED in AUTO
Note: The idle condenser vacuum pumps may automatically start and stop in response to vacuum changes
until after the ST startup and the transfer to forward flow are complete.
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B
DCS: 1SURFCND

_______

57. HRSG Coupling


a. Place the lag HRSG Boiler Couple Permissive Controller in CPLD
b. Verify that the following valves automatically OPEN to couple HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B when their
corresponding permissives are satisfied:
Lag HRSG hot reheat steam isolation valve (1SGJ-MBV-005) A/B
Lag HRSG cold reheat steam isolation valve (1SGR-MBV-003) A/B
Lag HRSG HP steam isolation valve (1SGG-MBV-004) A/B
Note:
To monitor the coupling permissives, select PERMISSIVES at the top of the BLK 1 HP Bypass 1A
and BLK 1 HP Bypass 1B displays.
Permissives:
A to B side pressure differential 1.5 bar
A/B temperature differential 10 C
Drum level with in 25 cm of setpoint
During coupling, the following may automatically change to satisfy the coupling permissives:
Lag HRSG diverter damper (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B position
Lag HRSG HP bypass control valve (1SGG-HCV-005) A/B setpoint
c.

When the HRSG coupling is complete:


Verify that the lag HRSG diverter damper (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B is 100% OPEN
Set the CT-1A and CT-1B Load Control MW Setpoints at 50 MW

DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B
DCS: 1ACPLPER
DCS: 1BCPLPER
CT-1A Mk-V: Unit Control
CT-1B Mk-V: Unit Control

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OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

58. Fuel Gas Heat Exchangers


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs are firing with fuel gas. If the CTs are firing with fuel oil, proceed
to the next step.
a.

b.

Place Fuel Gas Heat Exchanger 1A in service as follows:


OPEN the heat exchanger feedwater supply isolation valve (1FWA-ABV-040A)
OPEN the heat exchanger gas outlet valve (1FGA-ABV-031A)
Place the 1A Fuel Gas Heater (1FGA-HT-1A) in OFF
Direct the AO to CLOSE the CT-1A fuel gas heater line valve
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing the CT-1A fuel gas heater line valve in
CLOSE.
Place Fuel Gas Heat Exchanger 1B in service as follows:
OPEN the heat exchanger feedwater supply isolation valve (1FWA-ABV-040B)
OPEN the heat exchanger gas outlet valve (1FGA-ABV-031B)
Place the 1B Fuel Gas Heater (1FGA-HT-1B) in OFF
Direct the AO to CLOSE the CT-1B fuel gas heater line valve
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing the CT-1B fuel gas heater line valve in
CLOSE.

DCS: 1FGHTG1A
DCS: 1FGHTG1B

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OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

59. Hold for Steam Plant Water Quality


a. When CT-1A and CT-1B are at 50 MW, direct the chemistry technician to report when the steam plant
water quality is satisfactory for increasing load
Note: Maintain the CTs at 50 MW until the chemistry technician reports that the steam plant water
quality is satisfactory for increasing load.
b.

Direct the AO to line up the deaerator vent for normal operation


Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 2 by placing the deaerator vent valve in NORMAL.

c.

When the chemistry technician reports that the steam plant water quality is satisfactory for increasing
load, proceed to the next step

DCS: 1APSPB3

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OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


60. ST Startup
Note:
The ST always starts with reverse flow. The intercept valves (IVs) open to accelerate the ST, steam
flows only through the IP and LP turbines, and the main control valves (V1/V1L) remain closed.
The ST will accelerate at the SLOW RAMP (250 rpm/min), MED RAMP (500 rpm/min), or FAST
RAMP (750 rpm/min) rate, according to the ST surface stresses.
If any surface or rotor stress is > 60%, ST speed will hold at 834 rpm, 2500 rpm, and/or 3000 rpm.
Bearing vibration alarms are set at the maximum expected levels. While accelerating through a critical
speed, vibration levels may increase, but they should peak below the alarm setpoints and diminish
rapidly above the critical speed. Never stop accelerating at or near a critical speed.
If bearing vibration increases above the alarm setpoint without peaking and decreasing, return the ST to
the turning gear.

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OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


Automatic
a. RESET the BOP Trip Reset
b. RESET the Turbine Trip
c. Verify that all ST Auto Startup Permissives are satisfied
d. On the ST Mk-V display:
Place the ST startup control in AUTO MODE
Place the ST startup control in HOLD OFF
Verify that the ST Auto Start status indicates READY TO START
Place the ST startup control in AUTO START to initiate ST roll-off
e. Verify the following indications upon ST roll-off:
Auto Start status indicates ATS IN PROGRESS
Target speed indicates 834 rpm
Control valves (V1/V1L) and reverse flow valve remain CLOSED
Reheat stop valves (LRSV/RRSV) OPEN
Intercept valves (LIV/RIV) throttle OPEN to accelerate the ST
f. Verify the ST lube oil cooler temperature M/A station (1ECB-ACV-022) setpoint increases to 43C
g. Verify the following indications during ST run-up to normal operating speed:
Target speed advances to 2499 rpm
Target speed advances to 3000 rpm
Auto Start status indicates WAITING FOR SYNC when ST speed is > 2790 rpm
Speed stabilizes at ~3000 rpm

_______

Manual
a. RESET the BOP Trip Reset
b. Select TURBINE RESET then RESET the Turbine Trip
c. Verify that all ST Auto Startup Permissives are satisfied
d. On the ST Mk-V display:
Place the ST startup control in MANUAL MODE
Place the ST startup control in HOLD OFF
Place the ST startup control in SLOW RAMP
Place the ST startup control in 834 RPM to initiate ST roll-off
h. Verify the following indications upon ST roll-off:
CVs and RFV remain closed
RSVs fully open
IVs throttle open to accelerate the ST
e. Verify the ST lube oil coolers temperature M/A station (1ECB-ACV-022) setpoint increases to 43C
f. When the ST speed is ~300 rpm, set the ST startup control at the recommended acceleration rate
g. When the ST speed is ~834 rpm, set the ST startup control at the recommended acceleration rate
h. Place the ST startup control in 2499 RPM
i. When the ST speed is ~2499 rpm, set the ST startup control at the recommended acceleration rate
j. Place the ST startup control in 3000 RPM
k. Verify that the ST speed stabilizes at ~3000 rpm
DCS: 1SSTRTUP
DCS: 1SSTRTP2
ST Mk-V: Startup
ST Mk-V: Rotor Stress
DCS: 1CCCWSYS

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OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

61. ST Synchronization
Automatic Synchronization
a. Verify the EX2000 START indication
b. Place the Sync Mode in AUTO
c. Verify that the ST generator breaker is CLOSED when the auto synchronizing permissives are met
Manual Synchronization from the EMP
a. Verify the EX2000 START indication
b. On the EMP:
Place the SS Sync selector in ON
Place the SS/1 Sync selector in STG
c. On the ST Mk-V display, place the Synchronizing Location selector in EMP SYNC
d. On the EMP:
Slowly LOWER or RAISE the Volt control until the Incoming Voltage matches the Running
Voltage
Slowly LOWER or RAISE the Speed control until the Sync Scope is slowly rotating (3 rpm) in the
clockwise direction
When the sync scope is near the 12 oclock position, place the Gen Bkr control in CLOSE to
synchronize the generator with the grid
Verify that the ST generator breaker indicates CLOSED
Place the SS Sync selector in OFF
ST Mk-V: EX2000 Exciter
ST Mk-V: Synchronization
ST Mk-V: Sync Location
ST Mk-V: Unit Control
EMP

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OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

62. ST Initial Load


a. Place the ST startup control in MANUAL MODE
b. Place the ST startup control in HOLD OFF
c. Place the Control Mode in MVAR CNTRL
d. Set the MVAR Setpnt at 0 MVAR
e. Set the Load Control Load Ramp at the recommended loading rate (indicated on the Rotor Stress
Recommendation display on the DCS)
f. Set the Load Control Load Setpt at 27.5% and verify that LDR_CMD indicates 27.5%
g. Verify that load begins increasing to the MW setpoint when all holds are released
h. When the ST stabilizes at the initial load, set the Load Control Load Ramp setpoint at zero
ST Mk-V: Startup
ST Mk-V: Megawatt Control
ST Mk-V: Rotor Stress Display
ST Mk-V: Unit Control

_______

63. Temperature Matching


a. Transfer control of the CTs from the Mk-V displays to the DCS displays by placing the CT-1A and CT1B Mk-V Control Location selectors in GENERAL REMOTE (location 3)
b. On the CT-1A and CT-1B DCS displays, place the Temp Match controls in TM ON
Note: While temperature matching is in progress, the loading of each CT is automatically adjusted and
gradually increased to ~75 MW. The CT load controls do not respond to operator inputs.
c.

When the CT-1A and CT-1B Temp Match controls indicate TM OFF, set the CT-1A and CT-1B Load
Control MW Setpoints at 80 MW

CT1A Mk-V: Control Location


CT1B Mk-V: Control Location
DCS: 1AUNITCD
DCS: 1BUNITCD

_______

64. ST Transfer to Forward Flow


Note: The transfer from reverse flow to forward flow is permitted when the intercept valves (LIV/RIV) are
> 50% open if the HP rotor stress that is predicted to exist after the transfer is less than the allowable stress.
a.
b.

Place the Forward/Reverse Flow Control to FORWARD FLOW when the IV position is > 50%
Verify the following indications during the transfer to forward flow:
Control valves (V1/V1L) and intercept valves (LIV/RIV) are OPEN
Ventilator valve is CLOSED
Stop valve before seat drains A/B are CLOSED
Stop valve after seat drains A/B are CLOSED
Reheat stop valve after seat drains A/B are CLOSED
Cold reheat drain valve (CR-7) is CLOSED

ST Mk-V: Startup
ST Mk-V: Unit Control
ST Mk-V: MOV Control
DCS: 1CRHTDRN
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_______

65. Increase HP Steam Pressure


Set the HP bypass pressure control valves (1SGG-HCV-005) A/B setpoints at 55 barg
Note: This set is required to enable the HP bypass valve setpoints to gradually increase to 130 barg as started in
the Step 67.
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

_______

66. Enable ST Inlet Pressure Control (IPC)


a. Place the Inlet Pressure Control in IPC IN
b. Set the Load Control Load Setpt at 100%
ST Mk-V: Unit Control

_______

67. Increase HP Steam Pressure


Verify that the HP bypass pressure control valves (1SGG-HCV-005) A/B setpoints gradually increase to 130
barg
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

_______

68. Enable ST Admission Pressure (ADM) Control


When the ST load is > 40 MW, enable ADM control as follows:
a. OPEN the LP steam isolation valves (1SGL-MBV-006) A/B
b. Set the ADM Control Press Setpt at 4.5 barg
c. Set the ADM Control Flow Setpt at 128%
d. Verify that the ACV opens
e. Verify that the ACV valves before/after seat drains CLOSE
DCS: 1LPSTMSY
DCS: 1STUNITCT
ST Mk-V: MOV Control

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OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

69. Transfer Steam Plant Electrical Loads to the ST Auxiliary Transformer


When the ST load is > 100 MW, transfer the steam plant electrical loads to the ST auxiliary transformer as
follows:
a. Transfer the supply of power for bus 1APE-SWG-3 to the ST auxiliary transformer as follows:
Place the 43AM/1-3 bus transfer selector in MAN
Place the SS/1-1 Trip Select in any position except 108B
Place the SS/1APE1 selector in 306B
CLOSE breaker 301B
OPEN breaker 306B to reset
Place the 43AM/1-3 bus transfer selector in AUTO
b. Transfer the supply of power for bus 1APE-SWG-4 to the ST auxiliary transformer as follows:
Place the 43AM/2-4 bus transfer selector in MAN
Place the SS/2-2 Trip Select in any position except 201B
Place the SS/1APE2 selector in 401B
CLOSE breaker 407B
OPEN breaker 401B to reset
Place the 43AM/2-4 bus transfer selector in AUTO
EMP

_______

70. Condenser Vacuum Pumps


Line up the condenser vacuum pumps for normal operation as follows:
a. Verify that one condenser vacuum pump (1HRB-P-1) A/B/C is operating in MANUAL. Start a pump if
necessary
b. STOP any pumps running in AUTO
c. Place all stopped vacuum pump(s) in AUTO
d. Select one of the stopped vacuum pumps for STANDBY operation
DCS: 1SURFCND

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OP2_CCPP-43

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

71. HRSG Phosphate Pumps


a. START the HP, IP, and LP phosphate pumps (1FWE-P) 1A/2A/3A for HRSG-1A
b. START the HP, IP, and LP phosphate pumps (1FWE-P) 1B/2B/3B for HRSG-1B
DCS: 1SCFHG1A
DCS: 1SCFHG1B

_______

72. Three-Element Level Control


Verify that the following level controllers transfer to THREE element control:
Deaerator
HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B HP drums
HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B IP drums
HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B LP drums
DCS: 1DEATNK
DCS: 1IPSTM1A
DCS: 1IPSTM1B
DCS: 1HPSTM1A
DCS: 1HPSTM1B
DCS: 1LPSTM1A
DCS: 1LPSTM1B

_______

73. Initiate continuous blowdown


Open the following HRSG continuous blowdown valves:
a. HRSG HP continuous blowdown valves (1SGA-MBV-89A/B)
b. HRSG IP continuous blowdown valves (1SGA-MBV-73A/B)
c. HRSG LP continuous blowdown valves (1SGA-MBV-49A/B)
DCS: 1HPSTM1A
DCS: 1HPSTM1B
DCS: 1IPSTM1A
DCS: 1IPSTM1B
DCS: 1LPSTM1A
DCS: 1LPSTM1A

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OP2_CCPP-44

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 2 Cold Unit Startup Manual


_______

74. Transfer to Block Load Control


a. Transfer control of the ST from the Mk-V display to the DCS by placing the Control Location selector
in DCS CNTRL
b. Place the CT-1A and CT-1B PLC Selectors in PLC ON
c. Place the CT-1A and CT-1B Setpoint Selectors in BLOCK LOAD CONTROL
d. Verify that the CT-1A and CT-1B Load Setpoint M/A stations indicate AUTO
e. Set the CT1A Bias setpoint at zero
f. Set the CT-1A and CT-1B Min MW Limit setpoints at 80 MW
g. Set the CT-1A and CT-1B Max MW Limit setpoints at 225 MW
h. Set the Block Load MW M/A station Lo Limit setpoint at 300 MW
i. Set the Block Load MW M/A station Hi Limit setpoint at 720 MW
CT-1A Mk-V: Control Location
CT-1B Mk-V: Control Location
ST Mk-V: Control Location
DCS: 1LOADCTL

_______

75. Ramp Load


a. Increase load as follows:
Set the MW Rate of Change setpoint at the desired MW/min
Note: The normal rate of load increase is 10 MW/min.
b.

Set the Block Load MW M/A station setpoint at the desired MW to begin increasing load
Verify that the unit stabilizes at the desired MW

DCS: 1LOADCTL

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OP2_CCPP-45

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure
OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 3 Load Maneuvering
Purpose
This provides instructions for safely and efficiently operating the Combined Cycle Power Plant in the Combined Cycle
Mode during load maneuvering between minimum load (~300 MW) and full load (~720 MW). The instructions include
maneuvering load with block load control and maneuvering load with manual control of combustion turbine (CT) load.
This procedure assumes the following initial conditions:

Operating at a steady state


Both CTs are operating with equal loading
Steam turbine (ST) is operating with admission pressure (ADM) control
ST auxiliary transformer is supplying plant electrical loads

Note: This procedure cannot replace intelligent logical reasoning by the operator, especially when coping with unforeseen
operating conditions that this procedure does not address. Therefore, this procedure should be used in conjunction with
applicable safety standards and common sense operating practices.
Limitations and Precautions
The following system/equipment limitations and precautions should be observed during Combined Cycle Power Plant load
maneuvering in the Combined Cycle Mode:
Operate equipment within its maximum loading limit and optimal range according to the following table:
Equipment
CT generator
ST generator
HP boiler feedwater pump
IP/LP boiler feedwater pump
Condensate pump
Circulating water pump
Fuel oil pump

OP3_CCPP.doc
Rev 2, 6/20/2007 8:44:00 AM

Limitation
225 MW
270 MW
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity

OP3_CCPP-1

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure
OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 3 Load Maneuvering
Procedure
Perform the appropriate section of the procedure to maneuver load, either with block load control or with manual control of
CT load. When the appropriate section is completed, initial the space provided in the left column.
Note:
The various control displays that the operator uses to accomplish the procedure (DCS, CT Mk-V, and ST Mk-V) are
listed at the bottom of each step in bold type.
Identical parameters displayed on different screens may display slight value differences, and/or a have a slight delay in
updating. These update only when their values change by a predetermined amount. However, the overwhelming
majority will immediately update. This issue does not apply to Mark V or hardpanel screens.
Maneuvering Load with Block Load Control
Maneuvering Load with Block Load Control
a. If the unit is operating with manual control of CT load, transfer to block load control as follows:
Transfer control of CT-1A from the Mk-V displays to the DCS by placing the Control Location
selector in GENERAL REMOTE (location 3)
Transfer control of CT-1B from the Mk-V displays to the DCS by placing the Control Location
selector in GENERAL REMOTE (location 3)
Transfer control of the ST from the Mk-V display to the DCS by placing the Control Location
selector in DCS CNTRL
Place the CT-1A and CT-1B PLC Selectors in PLC ON
Place the CT-1A and CT-1B Setpoint Selectors in BLOCK LOAD CONTROL
Verify that the CT-1A and CT-1B Load Setpoint M/A stations indicate AUTO
b. Set the CT-1A and CT-1B Min MW Limit setpoints at 80 MW
c. Set the CT-1A and CT-1B Max MW Limit setpoints at 225 MW
d. Set the Block Load MW M/A station Lo Limit setpoint at 300 MW
e. Set the Block Load MW M/A station Hi Limit setpoint at 720 MW
f. Set the MW Rate of Change setpoint at the desired MW/min

_______

Note: The normal rate of load decrease is 10 MW/min.


g.
h.

Set the Block Load MW M/A station setpoint at the desired MW to begin ramping load
Verify that load stabilizes at the desired MW

CT-1A Mk-V: Control Location


CT-1B Mk-V: Control Location
ST Mk-V: Control Location
DCS: 1LOADCTL

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OP3_CCPP-2

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure
OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 3 Load Maneuvering
Maneuvering Load with Manual Control of CT Load
Maneuvering Load with Manual Control of CT Load
a. If the unit is operating with block load control, transfer to manual control of CT load as follows:
Place the CT-1A and CT-1B PLC Selectors in PLC OFF
Verify that the CT-1A and CT-1B Load Setpoint M/A stations indicate MANUAL
Transfer control of CT-1A from the DCS to the Mk-V display by placing the Control Location
selector in ALL LOCATIONS (location 0)
Transfer control of CT-1B from the DCS to the Mk-V display by placing the Control Location
selector in ALL LOCATIONS (location 0)
Transfer control of the ST from the DCS to the Mk-V display by placing the Control Location
selector in PEER CNTRL
b. Set the CT-1A and CT-1B Mk-V Load Control MW Setpoints at the appropriate value for the desired
total MW to begin ramping load

_______

Note: Use the following table as a guide for determining the appropriate Load Control MW Setpoints
for the desired MW:
Desired Block 1
Total MW:
Full load
700 MW
600 MW
500 MW
400 MW
300 MW
c.

CT-1A and CT-1B Load


Control Setpoints:
225 MW
222 MW
182 MW
144 MW
110 MW
80 MW

Verify that load stabilizes at the desired MW

DCS: 1LOADCTL
CT-1A Mk-V: Control Location
CT-1B Mk-V: Control Location
ST Mk-V: Control Location
CT-1A Mk-V: Unit Control
CT-1B Mk-V: Unit Control

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OP3_CCPP-3

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 4 Unit Shutdown Automatic


Purpose
This provides instructions for safely and efficiently shutting down the Combined Cycle Power Plant in the Combined Cycle
Mode to standby conditions using the automatic plant shutdown sequencer. The instructions include unloading the
generators, shutting down the turbines, and placing auxiliary equipment in a standby condition.
This procedure assumes the following initial conditions:

Operating at a steady state at minimum load or greater ( 300 MW)


Operating with block load control
Both combustion turbines (CT) are operating with equal load
Steam turbine (ST) is operating with admission pressure (ADM) control
ST auxiliary transformer is supplying steam plant electrical loads

Note: This procedure cannot replace intelligent logical reasoning by the operator, especially when coping with unforeseen
operating conditions that this procedure does not address. Therefore, this procedure should be used in conjunction with
applicable safety standards and common sense operating practices.
Limitations and Precautions
The following system/equipment limitations and precautions should be observed during Combined Cycle Power Plant
shutdown in the Combined Cycle Mode:

Operate equipment within its maximum loading limit and optimal range according to the following table:
Equipment
CT generator
ST generator
HP boiler feedwater pump (BFP)
IP/LP BFP
Condensate pump
Circulating water pump
Fuel oil pump

Limitation
225 MW
270 MW
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity

Ensure that the following prerequisites are satisfied before shutting down auxiliary equipment:
Equipment
CT turning gear
CT lube oil pump
CT auxiliary cooling water pump
ST turning gear
ST lube oil pump
HP BFPs
IP/LP BFPs
Condensate pump
Circulating water pump

OP4_CCPP.doc
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Shutdown Prerequisites
CT shutdown > 24 hours
CT shutdown > 24 hours
CT shutdown > 24 hours
ST metal temperatures < 260C
ST turning gear motor STOPPED and ST metal temperatures < 150C
HP steam system isolation valves CLOSED
Reheat and LP steam system isolation valves CLOSED
HP and IP/LP BFPs shutdown and ST metal temperatures < 260C
ST exhaust temperature < 50C, ST metal temperatures < 260C, and the
circulating water temperatures at the condenser inlet and outlet are equal

OP4_CCPP-1

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 4 Unit Shutdown Automatic


Procedure
Perform each step of the procedure in numerical sequence. As each step is completed, initial the space provided in the left
column before proceeding to the next step.
Note:
The various control displays that the operator uses to accomplish the procedure (DCS, CT Mk-V, ST Mk-V, and
electrical monitoring panel (EMP)) are listed at the bottom of each step in bold type.

Use this procedure to shut down using the automatic plant shutdown sequencer. Use OP5 to shut down using manual
controls. Use OP7 to shut down in the Simple Cycle Mode.

Identical parameters displayed on different screens may display slight value differences, and/or a have a slight delay in
updating. These update only when their values change by a predetermined amount. However, the overwhelming
majority will immediately update. This issue does not apply to Mark V or hardpanel screens.

_______

1.

Ramp to Minimum Load


a. Set the CT-1A and CT-1B Min MW Limit setpoints at 80 MW
b. Set the Block Load MW M/A station Lo Limit setpoint at 300 MW
c. Set the MW Rate of Change setpoint at the desired MW/min
Note: The normal rate of load decrease is 10 MW/min.
d.

Set the Block Load MW M/A station setpoint at 300 MW to begin decreasing load
Note: Proceed to the next step while load is decreasing.

DCS: 1LOADCTL

_______

2.

HRSG Phosphate Pumps


a. STOP the HP, IP, and LP phosphate pumps (1FWE-P) 1A/2A/3A for HRSG-1A
b. STOP the HP, IP, and LP phosphate pumps (1FWE-P) 1B/2B/3B for HRSG-1B
Note: Proceed to the next step while load is decreasing.

DCS: 1SCFHG1A
DCS: 1SCFHG1B

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OP4_CCPP-2

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 4 Unit Shutdown Automatic


_______

3.

Transfer Steam Plant Electrical Loads to the Reserve Auxiliary Transformer


a. Transfer the supply of power for bus 1APE-SWG-3 to the reserve auxiliary transformer as follows:
- Place the 43AM/1-3 bus transfer selector in MAN
- Place the SS/1-1 Trip Select in any position except 108B
- Place the SS/1APE1 selector in 301B
- CLOSE breaker 306B
- OPEN breaker 301B to reset
b. Transfer the supply of power for bus 1APE-SWG-3 to the reserve auxiliary transformer as follows:
- Place the 43AM/2-4 bus transfer selector in MAN
- Place the SS/2-2 Trip Select in any position except 201B
- Place the SS/1APE2 selector in 407B
- CLOSE breaker 401B
- OPEN breaker 407B to reset

EMP

_______

4.

Disable ST Admission Pressure (ADM) Control


When the CT-1A and CT-1B loads have decreased to 80 MW, disable ADM control as follows:
a. Set the ADM Control Flow Setpoint at 0%
b. Verify that the ACV closes
c. When the ACV is fully closed, verify that the ACV valves before/after seat drains are OPEN
d. CLOSE the LP steam isolation valves (1SGL-MBV-006) A/B

DCS: 1SUNITCT
ST Mk-V: MOV Control
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

_______

5.

Disable Block Load Control


a. Place the CT-1A and CT-1B PLC Selectors in PLC OFF
b. Verify that the CT-1A and CT-1B Load Setpoint M/A stations indicate MANUAL
Note: Block load control must be disabled before using the automatic plant shutdown sequencer. After
block load control is disabled, the plant is ready for automatic plant shutdown. The next step begins the
shutdown sequence.

DCS: 1LOADCTL

_______

6.

Automatic Plant Shutdown


a. Place the Auto Stop Status in START to begin the automatic shutdown sequence
b. Verify that the Auto Stop Status indicates RUNNING

DCS: 1APSPB3

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OP4_CCPP-3

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 4 Unit Shutdown Automatic


_______

7.

ST Unloading
a. Verify the following preparations for unloading the ST:
- Inlet pressure control in IPC OUT
- HP steam bypass pressure control valves (1SGG-HCV-005) A/B setpoints decrease to the present
HP steam pressure
- Load Control Load Ramp setpoint at the recommended rate
- Load Control Load Setpt at 0%
b. Verify the following as the ST unloads:
- ST load decreasing
- Control valves (V1/V1L) gradually CLOSE
- When the control valves are < 50%, the intercept valves (LIV/RIV) gradually CLOSE

DCS: 1SUNITCT
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

_______

8.

ST Transfer to Reverse Flow


Note: The ST will transfer from forward flow to reverse flow when the flow through the intercept valves
(LIV/RIV) decreases to < 30%.
When the intercept valve position is < 30%, verify the following:
Forward/Reverse Flow Control indicates REVERSE FLOW
Ventilator valve is OPEN
Stop valve before seat drains A/B are OPEN
Note: The A valve will reject to manual then open and a short while later close. The B valve
follows the same sequence approximately 10 minutes later. The valves will continue the open/close
sequence, alternating between the A and B valves, for approximately one hour following a turbine
trip.
Stop valve after seat drains A/B are OPEN
Cold reheat drain valve (CR-7) is OPEN
-

ST Mk-V: Unit Control


ST Mk-V: Startup
ST Mk-V: MOV Control
DCS: 1CRHTDRN

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OP4_CCPP-4

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 4 Unit Shutdown Automatic


_______

9.

ST Trip (ST Load < 5 MW)


When the ST load decreases to < 5 MW, verify the following:
Turbine Trip indicates TRIPPED
Control valves (V1/V1L) and stop valves (MSV/MSV2) are CLOSED
Intercept valves (LIV/RIV) and reheat stop valves (LRSV/RRSV) are CLOSED
ST generator breaker is OPEN
ST load is zero MW
ST speed is decreasing

ST Mk-V: Unit Control

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OP4_CCPP-5

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 4 Unit Shutdown Automatic


_______

10. Reduce HP Steam Pressure


a. Verify that the CT-1A and CT-1B Load Control MW Setpoints gradually decrease to 20 MW
b. Verify that the HP bypass pressure control valves (1SGG-HCV-005) A/B setpoints gradually decrease
to ~40 barg
Note: The HP bypass pressure control valves will gradually open to reduce the steam pressure to the
setpoint (~40 barg). When the CT load has decreased to 20 MW and the HP steam pressure has
decreased to ~40 barg, the HP bypass pressure control valves will begin to gradually close to maintain
the steam pressure.
c.

Verify that the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B gradually close to 20%
Note: The diverter dampers will remain 100% open until their demand decreases to < 85%. The
dampers will then immediately close to 85% and begin gradually closing to 20% at the rate of 5% in 6
minutes.

DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B
CT1A Mk-V: Unit Control
CT1B Mk-V: Unit Control

_______

11. ST Turning Gear


When ST speed decreases to 5 rpm, verify the following:
- Turning gear indicates ENGAGED
- Turning gear motor indicates RUNNING
- ST speed is 5 rpm
ST Mk-V: Turning Gear

_______

12. Condenser Vacuum Pumps


When the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B are < 25%, verify the following:
- Condenser vacuum pumps (1HRB-P-1) A/B/C are STOPPED and in MANUAL
- Condenser vacuum pumps suction valves (1HRB-ABV-004) A/B/C are CLOSED
- Condenser vacuum breaker is OPEN
DCS: 1SURFCND

_______

13. ST Steam Seals


When the condenser vacuum is 750 mmHga, verify the following:
- Steam seal pressure control indicates SSC OUT
- Steam seal pressure (SSP_P) decreases to 0 barg
- Gland steam condenser exhausters (2TGC-BL-201) A/B are STOPPED
ST Mk-V: Steam Seal Pressure Control
DCS: 1STSEAL

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OP4_CCPP-6

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 4 Unit Shutdown Automatic


_______

14. HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B Diverter Dampers


Verify that the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B CLOSE to 0%
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

_______

15. CT-1A and CT-1B


Verify that CT-1A and CT-1B complete the following shutdown sequence:
CT Shutdown Sequence Event
Master Control in STOP, load decreases to zero
MW, generator breaker opens
Speed begins to decrease, EX2000 exciter stops
(at ~90% operating speed)
Firing stops (at ~15.5% operating speed when
firing with gas or at ~48% operating speed when
firing with oil)
Turning gear starts, shutdown sequence is
complete (at ~1.4% operating speed)

CT Mk-V Unit Control Indication


SHUTDOWN STATUS / UNLOADING
SHUTDOWN STATUS / FIRED
SHUTDOWN
SHUTDOWN STATUS / FIRED
SHUTDOWN
STARTUP STATUS / NOT READY TO
START

CT1A Mk-V: Unit Control


CT1B Mk-V: Unit Control

_______

16. HRSG -1A and HRSG-1B


Verify that the following valves are CLOSED:
- HP steam isolation valves (1SGG-MBV-004) A/B
- Cold reheat steam isolation valves (1SGR-MBV-003) A/B
- Hot reheat steam isolation valves (1SGJ-MBV-005) A/B
Note: The automatic plant shutdown sequence is complete.
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

_______

17. Fuel Gas System


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs were firing with fuel gas. If the CTs were firing with fuel oil,
proceed to the next step.
a.
b.

CLOSE the fuel gas supply valve (1FGA-ABV-002)


Direct the AO to line up the Fuel Gas System for shutdown
Note: Perform the following on Local Operation Screen 1:
- CLOSE the CT-1A and CT-1B fuel gas exchanger line valves
- CLOSE the main fuel gas supply valve

DCS: 1FGSYS

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OP4_CCPP-7

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 4 Unit Shutdown Automatic


_______

18. Fuel Oil System


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs were firing with fuel oil. If the CTs were firing with fuel gas,
proceed to the next step.
a.
b.

STOP the fuel oil forwarding pumps (1FOB-P-1) A/B/C/D


Direct the AO to line up the Fuel Oil System for shutdown (Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1
by placing the fuel oil pumps A/B/C/D discharge valves in CLOSE)

DCS: 1FOSYS

_______

19. Auxiliary Equipment


a. STOP the HP BFPs (1FWA-P-1) A/B/C
b. Verify the indications of normal pump shutdown:
Pump indication changes to green
Lube oil pump starts
Recirc valve closes
c. STOP the IP/LP BFPs (1FWA-P-2) A/B/C and place all pumps in MANUAL
d. Verify the indications of normal pump shutdown:
Pump indication changes to green
Lube oil pump starts
Recirc valve closes
e. STOP one condensate pump (1FWC-P-1) A/B/C
f. Verify the indication of a normal pump shutdown (indication changes to green)
Note: Maintain one condensate pump in operation until the ST metal temperatures are < 260C.
g.
h.

STOP one circulating water pump (1HRC-P-1) A/B/C


Verify the indications of a normal pump shutdown:
Discharge valve closes
Pump indication changes to green
Note: Maintain one circulating water pump in operation until the ST exhaust temperature is < 50C, the
ST metal temperatures are < 260C, and the circulating water temperatures at the condenser inlet and
outlet are equal.

DCS: 1HPBFPS
DCS: 1IPLPBFP
DCS: 1CNDPMPS
DCS: 1SURFCND
DCS: 1CIRCWTR

OP4_CCPP.doc
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OP4_CCPP-8

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 5 Unit Shutdown Manual


Purpose
This provides instructions for safely and efficiently shutting down the Combined Cycle Power Plant in the Combined Cycle
Mode to standby conditions using manual controls. The instructions include unloading the generators, shutting down the
turbines, and placing auxiliary equipment in a standby condition.
This procedure assumes the following initial conditions:

Operating at a steady state at minimum load or greater ( 300 MW)


Operating with block load control
Both combustion turbines (CT) are operating with equal load
Steam turbine (ST) is operating with admission pressure (ADM) control
ST auxiliary transformer is supplying steam plant electrical loads

Note: This procedure cannot replace intelligent logical reasoning by the operator, especially when coping with unforeseen
operating conditions that this procedure does not address. Therefore, this procedure should be used in conjunction with
applicable safety standards and common sense operating practices.
Limitations and Precautions
The following system/equipment limitations and precautions should be observed during Combined Cycle Power Plant
shutdown in the Combined Cycle Mode:

Operate equipment within its maximum loading limit and optimal range according to the following table:
Equipment
CT generator
ST generator
HP boiler feedwater pump (BFP)
IP/LP BFP
Condensate pump
Circulating water pump
Fuel oil pump

Limitation
225 MW
270 MW
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity
50% unit capacity

Ensure that the following prerequisites are satisfied before shutting down auxiliary equipment:
Equipment
CT turning gear
CT lube oil pump
CT auxiliary cooling water pump
ST turning gear
ST lube oil pump
HP BFPs
IP/LP BFPs
Condensate pump
Circulating water pump

OP5_CCPP.doc
Rev 2, 3/11/2010 4:30:00 PM

Shutdown Prerequisites
CT shutdown > 24 hours
CT shutdown > 24 hours
CT shutdown > 24 hours
ST metal temperatures < 260C
ST turning gear motor STOPPED and ST metal temperatures < 150C
HP steam system isolation valves CLOSED
Reheat and LP steam system isolation valves CLOSED
HP and IP/LP BFPs shutdown and ST metal temperatures < 260C
ST exhaust temperature < 50C, ST metal temperatures < 260C, and the
circulating water temperatures at the condenser inlet and outlet are equal

OP5_CCPP-1

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 5 Unit Shutdown Manual


Procedure
Perform each step of the procedure in numerical sequence. As each step is completed, initial the space provided in the left
column before proceeding to the next step.
Note:

The various control displays that the operator uses to accomplish the procedure (DCS, CT Mk-V, ST Mk-V, and
electrical monitoring panel (EMP)) are listed at the bottom of each step in bold type.

Use this procedure to shut down using manual controls. Use OP4 to shut down using the automatic plant shutdown
sequencer. Use OP7 to shut down in the Simple Cycle Mode.

Identical parameters displayed on different screens may display slight value differences, and/or a have a slight delay in
updating. These update only when their values change by a predetermined amount. However, the overwhelming
majority will immediately update. This issue does not apply to Mark V or hardpanel screens.
_______

1.

Ramp to Minimum Load


a. Set the CT-1A and CT-1B Min MW Limit setpoints at 80 MW
b. Set the Block Load MW M/A station Lo Limit setpoint at 300 MW
c. Set the MW Rate of Change setpoint at the desired MW/min
Note: The normal rate of load decrease is 10 MW/min.
d.

Set the Block Load MW M/A station setpoint at 300 MW to begin decreasing load
Note: Proceed to the next step while load is decreasing.

DCS: 1LOADCTL

_______

2.

HRSG Phosphate Pumps


a. STOP the HP, IP, and LP phosphate pumps (1FWE-P) 1A/2A/3A for HRSG-1A
b. STOP the HP, IP, and LP phosphate pumps (1FWE-P) 1B/2B/3B for HRSG-1B
Note: Proceed to the next step while load is decreasing.

DCS: 1SCFHG1A
DCS: 1SCFHG1B

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OP5_CCPP-2

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 5 Unit Shutdown Manual


_______

3.

Transfer Steam Plant Electrical Loads to the Reserve Auxiliary Transformer


a. Transfer the supply of power for bus 1APE-SWG-3 to the reserve auxiliary transformer as follows:
- Place the 43AM/1-3 bus transfer selector in MAN
- Place the SS/1-1 Trip Select in any position except 108B
- Place the SS/1APE1 selector in 301B
- CLOSE breaker 306B
- OPEN breaker 301B to reset
b. Transfer the supply of power for bus 1APE-SWG-3 to the reserve auxiliary transformer as follows:
- Place the 43AM/2-4 bus transfer selector in MAN
- Place the SS/2-2 Trip Select in any position except 201B
- Place the SS/1APE2 selector in 407B
- CLOSE breaker 401B
- OPEN breaker 407B to reset

EMP

_______

4.

Disable ST Admission Pressure (ADM) Control


When the CT-1A and CT-1B loads have decreased to 80 MW, disable ADM control as follows:
a. Set the ADM Control Flow Setpoint at 0%
b. Verify that the ACV closes
c. When the ACV is fully closed, verify that the ACV valves before/after seat drains are OPEN
d. CLOSE the LP steam isolation valves (1SGL-MBV-006) A/B

DCS: 1SUNITCT
ST Mk-V: MOV Control
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

_______

5.

Disable Block Load Control


a. Place the CT-1A and CT-1B PLC Selectors in PLC OFF
b. Verify that the CT-1A and CT-1B Load Setpoint M/A stations indicate MANUAL

DCS: 1LOADCTL

_______

6.

Transfer Turbine Controls to the Mk-V Displays


a. Transfer control of CT-1A from the DCS to the Mk-V display by placing the Control Location selector
in ALL LOCATIONS (location 0)
b. Transfer control of CT-1B from the DCS to the Mk-V display by placing the Control Location selector
in ALL LOCATIONS (location 0)
c. Transfer control of the ST from the DCS to the Mk-V display by placing the Control Location selector
in PEER CNTRL

Note: The Combined Cycle Power Plant is ready for shutdown using manual controls. The next step in the
procedure begins the shutdown.
CT-1A Mk-V: Control Location
CT-1B Mk-V: Control Location
ST Mk-V: Control Location

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OP5_CCPP-3

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 5 Unit Shutdown Manual


_______

7.

ST Unloading
a. Prepare to unload the ST as follows:
- Place the Inlet Pressure Control in IPC OUT
- Verify that the HP steam bypass pressure control valves (1SGG-HCV-005) A/B setpoints decrease
to the present HP steam pressure
- Set the Load Control Load Ramp setpoint at the recommended rate
- Set the Load Control Load Setpt at 5% to begin unloading the ST
b. Verify the following as the ST unloads:
- ST load decreasing
- Control valves (V1/V1L) gradually CLOSE
- When the control valves are < 50%, the intercept valves (LIV/RIV) gradually CLOSE

ST Mk-V: Unit Control


DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

_______

8.

ST Transfer to Reverse Flow


Note: The ST will transfer from forward flow to reverse flow when the flow through the intercept valves
(LIV/RIV) decreases to < 30%.
When the intercept valve position is < 30%, verify the following:
Forward/Reverse Flow Control indicates REVERSE FLOW
Ventilator valve is OPEN
Stop valve before seat drains A/B are OPEN

Note: The A valve will reject to manual then open and a short while later close. The B valve
follows the same sequence approximately 10 minutes later. The valves will continue the open/close
sequence, alternating between the A and B valves, for approximately one hour following a turbine
trip.
-

Stop valve after seat drains A/B are OPEN


Cold reheat drain valve (CR-7) is OPEN

ST Mk-V: Unit Control


ST Mk-V: Startup
ST Mk-V: MOV Control
DCS: 1CRHTDRN

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OP5_CCPP-4

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 5 Unit Shutdown Manual


_______

9.

ST Trip (ST Load < 5 MW)


a. When the ST load decreases to < 5 MW, TRIP the Turbine Trip
b. Verify the following:
Turbine Trip indicates TRIPPED
Control valves (V1/V1L) and stop valves (MSV/MSV2) are CLOSED
Intercept valves (LIV/RIV) and reheat stop valves (LRSV/RRSV) are CLOSED
ST generator breaker is OPEN
ST load is zero MW
ST speed is decreasing

ST Mk-V: Unit Control

_______

10. Reduce HP Steam Pressure


a. Set the CT-1A and CT-1B Load Control MW Setpoints at 20 MW
b. Set the HP bypass pressure control valves (1SGG-HCV-005) A/B setpoints at 40 barg
Note: The HP bypass pressure control valves will gradually open to reduce the steam pressure to the
setpoint (40 barg). When the CT load has decreased to 20 MW and the HP steam pressure has
decreased to ~40 barg, the HP bypass pressure control valves will begin to gradually close to maintain
the steam pressure.
c.
d.

Place the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B in MANUAL
Gradually CLOSE the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B in increments
of 5% at the rate of 5% per 6 minutes until the dampers are at 20%
Note: The diverter dampers will remain 100% open until the demand on their controllers has been
decreased to < 85%.

DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B
CT1A Mk-V: Unit Control
CT1B Mk-V: Unit Control

_______

11. ST Turning Gear


When ST speed decreases to 5 rpm, verify the following:
- Turning gear indicates ENGAGED
- Turning gear motor indicates RUNNING
- ST speed is 5 rpm
ST Mk-V: Turning Gear

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OP5_CCPP-5

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 5 Unit Shutdown Manual


_______

12. Condenser Vacuum Pumps


When the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B are < 25%:
- Place all three condenser vacuum pumps (1HRB-P-1) A/B/C in STOP and in MANUAL
- Verify that the condenser vacuum pumps suction valves (1HRB-ABV-004) A/B/C CLOSE
- OPEN the condenser vacuum breaker
DCS: 1SURFCND
ST Mk-V: MOV Control

_______

13. ST Steam Seals


a. When the condenser vacuum is 750 mmHga, place the steam seal pressure control in SSC OUT
b. When the steam seal pressure (SSP_P) decreases to0 barg, STOP the gland steam condenser
exhausters (2TGC-BL-201) A/B
ST Mk-V: Steam Seal Pressure Control
DCS: 1STSEAL

_______

14. HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B Diverter Dampers


CLOSE the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B to 0%
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

_______

15. CT-1A and CT-1B


a. Place the CT-1A and CT-1B Master Controls in STOP
b. Verify that CT-1A and CT-1B complete the following shutdown sequence:
CT Shutdown Sequence Event
Master Control in STOP, load decreases to zero
MW, generator breaker opens
Speed begins to decrease, EX2000 exciter stops
(at ~94% operating speed)
Firing stops (at ~15.5% operating speed when
firing with gas or at ~48% operating speed when
firing with oil)
Turning gear starts, shutdown sequence is
complete (at ~1.4% operating speed)
CT1A Mk-V: Unit Control
CT1B Mk-V: Unit Control

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OP5_CCPP-6

CT Mk-V Unit Control Indication


SHUTDOWN STATUS / UNLOADING
SHUTDOWN STATUS / FIRED
SHUTDOWN
SHUTDOWN STATUS / CRANKING
STARTUP STATUS / NOT READY TO
START

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 5 Unit Shutdown Manual


_______

16. HRSG -1A and HRSG-1B


CLOSE the following valves in MANUAL:
- HP steam isolation valves (1SGG-MBV-004) A/B
- Cold reheat steam isolation valves (1SGR-MBV-003) A/B
- Hot reheat steam isolation valves (1SGJ-MBV-005) A/B
DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

_______

17. Fuel Gas System


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs were firing with fuel gas. If the CTs were firing with fuel oil,
proceed to the next step.
a.
b.

CLOSE the fuel gas supply valve (1FGA-ABV-002)


Direct the AO to line up the Fuel Gas System for shutdown
Note: Perform the following on Local Operation Screen 1:
- CLOSE the CT-1A and CT-1B fuel gas exchanger line valves
- CLOSE the main fuel gas supply valve

DCS: 1FGSYS

_______

18. Fuel Oil System


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs were firing with fuel oil. If the CTs were firing with fuel gas,
proceed to the next step
a.
b.

STOP the fuel oil forwarding pumps (1FOB-P-1) A/B/C/D


Direct the AO to line up the Fuel Oil System for shutdown (Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1
by placing the fuel oil pumps A/B/C/D discharge valves in CLOSE)

DCS: 1FOSYS

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OP5_CCPP-7

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 5 Unit Shutdown Manual


_______

19. Auxiliary Equipment


a. STOP the HP BFPs (1FWA-P-1) A/B/C and place in MANUAL
b. Verify the indications of normal pump shutdown:
Pump indication changes to green
Lube oil pump starts
Recirc valve closes
c. STOP the IP/LP BFPs (1FWA-P-2) A/B/C and place all pumps in MANUAL
d. Verify the indications of normal pump shutdown:
Pump indication changes to green
Lube oil pump starts
Recirc valve closes
e. STOP one condensate pump (1FWC-P-1) A/B/C and place in MANUAL
f. Verify the indication of a normal pump shutdown (indication changes to green)
Note: Maintain one condensate pump in operation until the ST metal temperatures are < 260C.
g.
h.

STOP one circulating water pump (1HRC-P-1) A/B/C and place in MANUAL
Verify the indications of a normal pump shutdown:
Discharge valve closes
Pump indication changes to green
Note: Maintain one circulating water pump in operation until the ST exhaust temperature is < 50C, the
ST metal temperatures are < 260C, and the circulating water temperatures at the condenser inlet and
outlet are equal.

DCS: 1HPBFPS
DCS: 1IPLPBFP
DCS: 1CNDPMPS
DCS: 1SURFCND
DCS: 1CIRCWTR

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OP5_CCPP-8

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 6 Unit Startup Simple Cycle Mode


Purpose
This provides instructions for safely and efficiently starting the Combined Cycle Power Plant in the Simple Cycle Mode.
The instructions include starting the auxiliary systems, starting and synchronizing the combustion turbines (CT), and
ramping the unit load to full load (~450 MW).
This procedure assumes the following initial conditions:

Returning the plant to operation after a scheduled outage


AC electrical buses are de-energized
CT Generator Hydrogen Seal Oil Systems are in service with the DC seal oil pumps operating
CT generators are pressurized with hydrogen
All clearances are released

Note: This procedure cannot replace intelligent logical reasoning by the operator, especially when coping with unforeseen
operating conditions that this procedure does not address. Therefore, this procedure should be used in conjunction with
applicable safety standards and common sense operating practices.
Limitations and Precautions
Observe the following system/equipment limitations and precautions during startup in the Simple Cycle Mode:

Prior to starting equipment, direct the auxiliary operator (AO) to locally verify that the equipment is ready for startup
and that personnel are clear.
Prior to starting motors and pumps, verify that there is proper lubrication.
Ensure that pumps and piping are properly vented, charged, and warmed to avoid cavitation, water hammer, and thermal
shock.
Successive attempts to start a 6.9 kV motor will generate excessive heat that can damage the motor windings. Two
successive starts are permissible during initial starting from ambient temperature conditions. If a motor fails to start on
the second attempt, observe a 30-minute cooling period.
Operate equipment within its maximum loading limit and optimal range according to the following table:
Equipment
CT generator
Fuel oil pump

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Limitation
225 MW
50% unit capacity

OP6_CCPP-1

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 6 Unit Startup Simple Cycle Mode


Procedure
Perform each step of the procedure in numerical sequence. As each step is completed, initial the space provided in the left
column before proceeding to the next step.
Note:
The various control displays that the operator uses to accomplish the procedure (DCS, CT Mk-V, and electrical
monitoring panel (EMP)) are listed at the bottom of each step in bold type.
Use this procedure to start up in the Simple Cycle Mode. Use OP1 to startup in the Combined Cycle Mode using the
automatic startup sequencer. Use OP2 to startup in the Combined Cycle Mode using manual controls.
Identical parameters displayed on different screens may display slight value differences, and/or a have a slight delay in
updating. These update only when their values change by a predetermined amount. However, the overwhelming
majority will immediately update. This issue does not apply to Mark V or hardpanel screens.
_______

1. 6.9 kV Electrical System


a. Direct the AO to line up the 6.9 kV Electrical System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Verify that ~230 kV is indicated on intermediate switchyard bus SWYD B1 (801)
c. Verify that the tap changer control for the reserve auxiliary transformer is set at 0 in OFF
d. CLOSE the reserve auxiliary transformer supply breaker 80142C
e. Verify that the reserve auxiliary transformer voltage is ~6.9 kV
f. Cycle the bus transfer selector switches 43AM/1-3 and 43AM/2-4 to AUTO and then to MAN
g. CLOSE breaker DG11 on bus CAPK-SWG-1
h. OPEN the following breakers 103B on bus 1APE-SWG-1:
103B
102B
i. Energize bus 1APE-SWG-1:
CLOSE breaker 108B
Verify that ~6.9 kV is indicated on bus 1APE-SWG-1
j. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APE-SWG-1:
101B
103A
106B
k. OPEN breaker 206B on bus 1APE-SWG-2
l. Energize bus 1APE-SWG-2:
CLOSE breaker 201B
Verify that ~6.9 kV is indicated on bus 1APE-SWG-2
m. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APE-SWG-2:
202B
204A
207B
EMP

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OP6_CCPP-2

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 6 Unit Startup Simple Cycle Mode


_______

2. 416 V Electrical System


a. Direct the AO to line up the 416 V Electrical System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. OPEN breaker 104B on bus CAPC-SUS-12
c. Energize bus CAPC-SUS-12 from 1APE-SWG-1:
CLOSE breaker 102B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus CAPC-SUS-12
d. CLOSE the following breakers on bus CAPC-SUS-12:
103C
104C
e. Energize bus CAPC-SUS-22 from 1APE-SWG-2:
CLOSE breaker 107B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus CAPC-SUS-22
f. CLOSE the following breakers on bus CAPC-SUS-22:
106C
105C
g. OPEN breaker 107B on bus 1APC-SUS-11
h. Energize bus 1APC-SUS-11 from 1APE-SWG-1:
CLOSE breaker 102B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus 1APC-SUS-11
i. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APC-SUS-11:
107C
107D
104C
j. Energize bus 1APC-SUS-21 from 1APE-SWG-2:
CLOSE breaker 113B
Verify that ~416 V is indicated on bus 1APC-SUS-21
k. CLOSE the following breakers on bus 1APC-SUS-21:
110B
110C
108B
111C
l. At the DCS displays, line up the following 416 V Electrical System breakers:
CLOSE breaker 1APC-52-105C to supply power to Air Compressor 1A
CLOSE breaker 1APC-52-111B to supply power to Air Compressor 1B
CLOSE breaker CAPC-52-102C to supply power to Fire Pump 1A
CLOSE breaker CAPC-52-107C to supply power to Fire Pump 1B
EMP
DCS: 1-416V11
DCS: 1-416V21
DCS: 1-416V12
DCS: 1-416V22

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OP6_CCPP-3

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 6 Unit Startup Simple Cycle Mode


_______

3. Control and Station Air Systems


a. Direct the AO to line up the Control and Station Air Systems for service and verify that personnel are
clear
b. Set the control air pressure valve (1CAA-ACV-005) setpoint at 7.0 bar and place in AUTO
c. START one air compressor (1CAA-CMP-1) A/B
d. Verify the indications of a normal compressor start:
Compressor indication changes to red
Service air receiver (1CAA-AR-1) pressure stabilizes at ~8.5 barg
Control air receiver (1CAB-AR-1) pressure stabilizes at ~7 barg
e. Place the standby air compressor (1CAA-CMP-1) A/B in AUTO
f. Place the Block 1/Block 2 instrument air tie valve (1CAB-ABV-001) in AUTO
DCS: 1CNTLSTA

_______

4. Common Demineralized Water System


a. Direct the AO to line up the Common Demineralized Water System for service and verify that
personnel are clear
Note: Perform the following on Local Operation Screen 2:
OPEN the demineralized water transfer pump discharge valves
Set the site demineralized water tank fill valve setpoint at 10.0 m
b. Verify that the level in the site demineralized water storage tank is NOT low
c. Set the demineralized water pump recirc valves (CFWF-ACV-006) A/B/C/D setpoint at 45 l/s and place
in AUTO
d. START one demineralized water transfer pump (CFWF-P-2) A/B/C/D
e. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Pump recirc valve (CFWF-ACV-006) A/B/C/D opens ~75%
Flow stabilizes at ~45 l/s
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~8 barg
f. Place the standby demineralized water transfer pumps (CFWF-P-2) A/B/C/D in AUTO
DCS: CDMWTRSY

_______

5. Demineralized Water System


a. Direct the AO to line up the Demineralized Water System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Set the demineralized water storage supply valve (1FWF-ACV-008) setpoint at 10,000 mm and place in
AUTO
c. Verify that the level in the demineralized water storage tank is NOT low
d. Set the demineralized water M/A station (1FWF-ACV-013) setpoint at 4,000 mm and place in AUTO
e. Verify that the level in the condensate storage tank is NOT low
DCS: 1DMWTRSY

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 6 Unit Startup Simple Cycle Mode


_______

6.

Common Circulating Water Makeup (CWMU) System


a. Direct the AO to line up the CWMU System for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing the circ water sump pump manual valves in
HOLDING POND.
b. Verify that the level in at least one surge tank is NOT low
c. Set the CWMU recirc valves (CHRD-ACV-005) A/B/C/D/E setpoints at 100 l/s and place in AUTO
d. Verify that the CT aux cooling tower supply valve (1HRD-ACV-007) is CLOSED in MANUAL
e. Verify that the main cooling tower level control M/A station (1HRD-ACV-008) is CLOSED in
MANUAL
f. START one CWMU pump (CHRD-P-1) A/B/C/D/E
g. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Pump recirc valve opens ~100%
Flow stabilizes at ~55 l/s
Pressure stabilizes at ~3 barg
h. Place one CWMU pump (CHRD-P-1) A/B/C/D/E in AUTO
i. Set the CT aux cooling tower supply valve (1HRD-ACV-007) setpoint at 0 mm and place in AUTO
j. Verify that the CT aux cooling tower basin level is established and maintained near 0 mm

DCS: CCIRWTRS
DCS: 1CTAUXWT
DCS: 1TWRPMP

_______

7.

CT Auxiliary Cooling Water (ACW) System


a. Direct the AO to line up the CT ACW System for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Verify that the level in the CT auxiliary cooling tower basin is NOT low
c. START one CT auxiliary cooling water pump (1ECA-P-1) A/B
d. Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
CT auxiliary cooling tower basin header pressure stabilizes at ~5.2 barg
e. Place the standby CT auxiliary cooling water pump (1ECA-P-1) A/B in AUTO
f. START one CT auxiliary cooling tower fan (1ECA-FAN-1) A/B
g. Place the standby CT auxiliary cooling tower fan (1ECA-FAN-1) A/B in AUTO
h. Set the CT generator H2 cooler temperature control valves (1ECA-ACV-011) A/B setpoint at 45C and
place in AUTO
i. Set the CT auxiliary cooler temperature control valve (1ECA-ACV-012) A/B setpoint at 45C and place
in AUTO
j. CLOSE the CT air compressor emergency cooling valves (1ECB-ABV-095) and (1ECB-ABV-096) and
place in AUTO
k. OPEN the CT air compressor normal cooling valves (1ECA-ABV-136) and (1ECA-ABV-137) and
place in AUTO

DCS: 1CTAUXWT

_______

8.

HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B Diverter Dampers


Verify that the HRSG-1A and HRSG-1B diverter dampers (1SGA-HBD-1) A/B are positioned at 0% in
MANUAL

DCS: BYPASS1A
DCS: BYPASS1B

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OP6_CCPP-5

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 6 Unit Startup Simple Cycle Mode


_______

9.

Fuel Gas System


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs will be started with fuel gas. If the CTs will be started with fuel oil,
proceed to the next step.
a.

b.
c.
d.
e.

f.

Direct the AO to line up the Fuel Gas System for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform the following on Local Operation Screen 1:
OPEN the main fuel gas supply valve
CLOSE the CT-1A and CT-1B fuel gas exchanger line valves
OPEN the CT-1A and CT-1B fuel gas heater line valves
CLOSE the CT A/B fuel gas crossover valve
Verify that the fuel gas vent valve (1FGA-ABV-008) is CLOSED
Place the fuel gas supply isolation valve control in DCIS
OPEN the fuel gas supply valve (1FGA-ABV-002)
Line up Fuel Gas Heater 1A as follows:
Verify that the level in the vertical fuel gas separator (1FGA-SEP-2A) is NOT high
CLOSE the heat exchanger outlet valve (1FGA-ABV-031A)
CLOSE the heat exchanger feedwater supply isolation valve (1FWA-ABV-040A)
Set the heat exchanger temperature control valve (1FWA-ACV-047A) setpoint at 170C and place
in AUTO
Verify that the heater emergency trip is RESET
Verify that the heater indicates SYSTEM IN REMOTE
Line up Fuel Gas Heater 1B as follows:
Verify that the level in the vertical fuel gas separator (1FGA-SEP-2B) is NOT high
CLOSE the heat exchanger outlet valve (1FGA-ABV-031B)
CLOSE the heat exchanger feedwater supply isolation valve (1FWA-ABV-040B)
Set the heat exchanger temperature control valve (1FWA-ACV-047B) setpoint at 170C and place
in AUTO
Verify that the heater emergency trip is RESET
Verify that the heater indicates SYSTEM IN REMOTE

DCS: 1FGSYS
DCS: 1FGHTG1A
DCS: 1FGHTG1B

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OP6_CCPP-6

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 6 Unit Startup Simple Cycle Mode


_______

10. Fuel Oil System


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs will be started with fuel oil. If the CTs will be started with fuel gas,
proceed to Step 21.
a.

Direct the AO to line up the Fuel Oil System for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing the fuel oil pumps A/B/C/D discharge valves in
OPEN.

b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.

Verify that the level in at least one fuel oil storage tank is NOT low
Verify that the fuel oil supply isolation valves (1FOB-ABV-006) A/B are CLOSED in MANUAL
START one fuel oil forwarding pump (1FOB-P-1) A/B/C/D
Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~7.9 barg
Place the standby fuel oil forwarding pumps (1FOB-P-1) A/B/C/D in AUTO
Place the fuel oil supply isolation valves (1FOB-ABV-006) A/B in AUTO
Place the fuel oil pressure control M/A stations (1FOB-ABV-008) A1/A2/B1/B2 in AUTO

DCS: CFOSYS
DCS: 1FOSYS

_______

11. NOX Water Transfer Pumps


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs will be started with fuel oil. If the CTs will be started with fuel gas,
proceed to the next step.
a.
b.
c.
d.

e.
f.

g.

Direct the AO to line up the NOX water transfer pumps for service and verify that personnel are clear
Place the NOX water transfer pump recirc valves (1FWF-ABV-001) A/B/C/D in AUTO
START one NOX water transfer pump (1FWF-P-1) A/B/C/D
Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Pump recirc valve opens
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~4.7 barg
START a second NOX water transfer pump (1FWF-P-1) A/B/C/D
Verify the indications of a normal pump start:
Pump indication changes to red
Pump recirc valve opens
Discharge pressure stabilizes at ~4.7 barg
Place the standby NOX water transfer pumps (1FWF-P-1) A/B/C/D in AUTO

DCS: 1DMWTRSY

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 6 Unit Startup Simple Cycle Mode


_______

12. Load Commutating Inverters (LCI)


Direct the AO to line up LCI No. 1 and No. 2 for service and verify that personnel are clear
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing the LCI Selection in A/B.

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 6 Unit Startup Simple Cycle Mode


_______

13. CT-1A Preparation


a. Direct the AO to line up CT-1A for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Cycle the lead/lag motor selectors for the following fans and pumps to NO. 2 LEAD and then to NO. 1
LEAD:
Turbine Tunnel and Frame Cooling Fans
Hyd. Supply Pumps
Aux Lube Oil Pumps
Turbine Comp Cooling Fans
c. Cycle the lead/lag motor selector for the Lube Mist Sep Fans to 1B LEAD and then to 1A LEAD
d. Verify that the Sync Mode indicates REMOTE ENABLE and SYNCH OFF
e. Verify that the EX2000 regulator indicates EX2000 STOP and AUTO REG
f. Verify that the Soft Start Mode is in OFF
Note: If the CT has been shutdown > 50 hours, place the Soft Start Mode in ON, which will hold the
CT at ~85% speed for 90 minutes.
g.

For fuel oil startup only:


Select ENABLE 88WN-1
Place the Water Injection Enable in ON
h. Place the Master Select in AUTO
i. RESET the Master Reset
j. RESET the DCS Emergency Trip
k. Verify that all Mk-V startup checks/permissives are satisfied
l. Verify that all Mk-V trips are RESET
m. Verify the Fuel Select indicates GAS or DIST (fuel oil) as appropriate
n. Verify that the Unit Control indicates READY TO START
CT-1A Mk-V: Motor Lead/Lag Select
CT-1A Mk-V: Synchronization
CT-1A Mk-V: EX2000 Exciter
CT-1A Mk-V: Unit Control
CT-1A Mk-V: Water Injection Control
CT-1A Mk-V: Start Checks
CT-1A Mk-V: Trips Display
DCS: 1ABRESET

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 6 Unit Startup Simple Cycle Mode


_______

14. CT-1B Preparation


a. Direct the AO to line up CT-1B for service and verify that personnel are clear
b. Cycle the lead/lag motor selectors for the following fans and pumps to NO. 2 LEAD and then to NO. 1
LEAD:
Turbine Tunnel and Frame Cooling Fans
Hyd. Supply Pumps
Aux Lube Oil Pumps
Turbine Comp Cooling Fans
c. Cycle the lead/lag motor selector for the Lube Mist Sep Fans to 1B LEAD and then to 1A LEAD
d. Verify that the Sync Mode indicates REMOTE ENABLE and SYNCH OFF
e. Verify that the EX2000 regulator indicates EX2000 STOP and AUTO REG
f. Verify that the Soft Start Mode is in OFF
Note: If the CT has been shutdown > 50 hours, place the Soft Start Mode in ON, which will hold the
CT at ~85% speed for 90 minutes.
g.

For fuel oil startup only:


Select ENABLE 88WN-1
Place the Water Injection Enable in ON
h. Place the Master Select in AUTO
i. RESET the Master Reset
j. RESET the DCS Emergency Trip
k. Verify that all Mk-V startup checks/permissives are satisfied
l. Verify that all Mk-V trips are RESET
m. Verify that the Fuel Select indicates GAS or DIST (fuel oil) as appropriate
n. Verify that the Unit Control indicates READY TO START

CT-1B Mk-V: Motor Lead/Lag Select


CT-1B Mk-V: Synchronization
CT-1B Mk-V: EX2000 Exciter
CT-1B Mk-V: Unit Control
CT-1B Mk-V: Water Injection Control
CT-1B Mk-V: Start Checks
CT-1B Mk-V: Trips Display
DCS: 1ABRESET

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 6 Unit Startup Simple Cycle Mode


_______

15. CT-1A Startup


a. Place the Master Control in START to initiate the CT startup
b. Verify that CT-1A completes the following startup sequence:
CT Startup Sequence Event

CT Mk-V Unit Control Indication

Place the Master Control in START


Auxiliaries start, lube oil pressure establishes,
turning gear rotates the CT
LCI energizes, EX2000 exciter starts, and LCI
disconnect switch closes to crank the CT
Purge (two minutes at 15.5% operating speed)
Ignition (at 14.25% operating speed)
Warm-up (one minute at 14.25% operating
speed)
Acceleration to operating speed
LCI de-energizes and LCI disconnect switch
opens (at 85% operating speed)
Startup complete (at 100% operating speed)

STARTUP STATUS / STARTING


STARTUP STATUS / STARTING
STARTUP STATUS / CRANKING
STARTUP STATUS / CRANKING
STARTUP STATUS / FIRING
STARTUP STATUS / WARMING UP
STARTUP STATUS / ACCELERATING
STARTUP STATUS / ACCELERATING
RUN STATUS / FULL SPEED NO LOAD

Note: If the Soft Start Mode is ON, the CT will hold at ~85% speed for 90 minutes.
CT-1A Mk-V: Unit Control

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 6 Unit Startup Simple Cycle Mode


_______

16. CT-1A Synchronization


Automatic Synchronization
a. Verify the EX2000 START indication
b. Place the Sync Mode in AUTO SYNC
c. Verify that the CT-1A generator breaker is CLOSED when the auto synchronizing permissives are met
Note: Load will automatically begin increasing to the Spinning Reserve value (1822 MW).
Manual Synchronization from the EMP
a. Verify the EX2000 START indication
b. On the EMP:
Place the SS Sync selector in ON
Place the SS/1 Sync selector in CT1A
c. On the CT-1A Mk-V display, place the synchronizing location selector in EMP ON
d. On the EMP:
Slowly LOWER or RAISE the Volt control until the Incoming Voltage matches the Running
Voltage
Slowly LOWER or RAISE the Speed control until the Sync Scope is slowly rotating (3 rpm) in the
clockwise direction
When the sync scope is near the 12 oclock position, place the Gen Bkr control in CLOSE to
synchronize the generator with the grid
Verify that the CT-1A generator breaker indicates CLOSED
e. Place the SS Sync selector in OFF
CT-1A Mk-V: EX2000 Exciter
CT-1A Mk-V: Synchronization
EMP

_______

17. CT-1A Initial Load


a. Place the Load Control in PRESEL LOAD
b. Set the Load Control MW Setpoint at 20 MW
c. Place the PF/VAR Control in MVAR CTRL ON
d. Set the MVAR Setpoint at 0 MVAR
e. If CT-1A is firing with fuel gas, place the CT-1A fuel gas heater (1FGA-HT-1A) in ON
CT-1A Mk-V: Unit Control
DCS: 1FGHTG1A

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 6 Unit Startup Simple Cycle Mode


_______

18. CT-1B Startup


a. Place the Master Control in START to initiate the CT startup
b. Verify that CT-1B completes the following startup sequence:
CT Startup Sequence Event

CT Mk-V Unit Control Indication

Place the Master Control in START


Auxiliaries start, lube oil pressure establishes,
turning gear rotates the CT
LCI energizes, EX2000 exciter starts, and LCI
disconnect switch closes to crank the CT
Purge (two minutes at 15.5% operating speed)
Ignition (at 14.25% operating speed)
Warm-up (one minute at 14.25% operating
speed)
Acceleration to operating speed
LCI de-energizes and LCI disconnect switch
opens (at 85% operating speed)
Startup complete (at 100% operating speed)

STARTUP STATUS / STARTING


STARTUP STATUS / STARTING
STARTUP STATUS / CRANKING
STARTUP STATUS / CRANKING
STARTUP STATUS / FIRING
STARTUP STATUS / WARMING UP
STARTUP STATUS / ACCELERATING
STARTUP STATUS / ACCELERATING
RUN STATUS / FULL SPEED NO LOAD

Note: If the Soft Start Mode is ON, the CT will hold at ~85% speed for 90 minutes.
CT-1B Mk-V: Unit Control

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 6 Unit Startup Simple Cycle Mode


_______

19. CT-1B Synchronization


Automatic Synchronization
a. Verify the EX2000 START indication
b. Place the Sync Mode in AUTO SYNC
c. Verify that the CT-1B generator breaker is CLOSED when the auto synchronizing permissives are met
Note: Load will automatically begin increasing to the Spinning Reserve value (1822 MW).
Manual Synchronization from the EMP
a. Verify the EX2000 START indication
b. On the EMP:
Place the SS Sync selector in ON
Place the SS/1 Sync selector in CT1B
c. On the CT-1B Mk-V display, place the synchronizing location selector in EMP ON
d. On the EMP:
Slowly LOWER or RAISE the Volt control until the Incoming Voltage matches the Running
Voltage
Slowly LOWER or RAISE the Speed control until the Sync Scope is slowly rotating (3 rpm) in the
clockwise direction
When the sync scope is near the 12 oclock position, place the Gen Bkr control in CLOSE to
synchronize the generator with the grid
Verify that the CT-1B generator breaker indicates CLOSED
f. Place the SS Sync selector in OFF
CT-1B Mk-V: EX2000 Exciter
CT-1B Mk-V: Synchronization
EMP

_______

20. CT-1B Initial Load


a. Place the Load Control in PRESEL LOAD
b. Set the Load Control MW Setpoint at 20 MW
c. Place the PF/VAR Control in MVAR CNTRL ON
d. Set the MVAR Setpoint at 0 MVAR
e. If CT-1B is firing with fuel gas, place the CT-1B fuel gas heater (1FGA-HT-1B) in ON
CT-1B Mk-V: Unit Control
DCS: 1FGHTG1B

_______

21. Increase CT Load to 80 MW


a. Increase the CT-1A load to 80 MW:
Set the CT-1A Load Control MW Setpt at 80 MW
Verify that CT-1A load increases to 80 MW
b. Increase the CT-1B load to 50 MW:
Set the CT-1B Load Control MW Setpt at 80 MW
Verify that CT-1B load increases to 80 MW
CT-1A Mk-V: Unit Control
CT-1B Mk-V: Unit Control

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 6 Unit Startup Simple Cycle Mode


_______

22. Transfer Turbine Controls to the DCS Displays


a. Transfer control of CT-1A from the Mk-V display to the DCS by placing the Control Location selector
in ALL LOCATIONS (location 0)
b. Transfer control of CT-1B from the Mk-V display to the DCS by placing the Control Location selector
in ALL LOCATIONS (location 0)
CT-1A Mk-V: Control Location
CT-1B Mk-V: Control Location

_______

23. Transfer to Block Load Control


a. Place the CT-1A and CT-1B PLC Selectors in PLC ON
b. Place the CT-1A and CT-1B Setpoint Selectors in BLOCK LOAD CONTROL
c. Verify that the CT-1A and CT-1B Load Setpoint M/A stations indicate AUTO
d. Set the CT1A Bias setpoint at zero
e. Set the CT-1A and CT-1B Min MW Limit setpoints at 80 MW
f. Set the CT-1A and CT-1B Max MW Limit setpoints at 225 MW
g. Set the Block Load MW M/A station Lo Limit setpoint at 160 MW
h. Set the Block Load MW M/A station Hi Limit setpoint at 450 MW
DCS: 1LOADCTL

_______

24. Ramp Load


a. Increase load as follows:
Set the MW Rate of Change setpoint at the desired MW/min
Note: The normal rate of load increase is 10 MW/min.
b.

Set the Block Load MW M/A station setpoint at the desired MW to begin increasing load
Verify that the unit stabilizes at the desired MW

DCS: 1LOADCTL

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 7 Unit Shutdown Simple Cycle Mode


Purpose
This provides instructions for safely and efficiently shutting down the Combined Cycle Power Plant in the Simple Cycle
Mode to standby conditions. The instructions include unloading the generators, shutting down the turbines, and placing
auxiliary equipment in a standby condition.
This procedure assumes the following initial conditions:

Operating at a steady state at minimum load or greater ( 160 MW)


Operating with block load control
Both combustion turbines (CT) are operating with equal load

Note: This procedure cannot replace intelligent logical reasoning by the operator, especially when coping with unforeseen
operating conditions that this procedure does not address. Therefore, this procedure should be used in conjunction with
applicable safety standards and common sense operating practices.
Limitations and Precautions
The following system/equipment limitations and precautions should be observed during a unit shutdown in the Simple Cycle
Mode:

Operate equipment within its maximum loading limit and optimal range according to the following table:
Equipment
CT generator
Fuel oil pump

Limitation
225 MW
50% unit capacity

Ensure that the following prerequisites are satisfied before shutting down auxiliary equipment:
Equipment
CT turning gear
CT lube oil pump
CT auxiliary cooling water pump

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Shutdown Prerequisites
CT shutdown > 24 hours
CT shutdown > 24 hours
CT shutdown > 24 hours

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 7 Unit Shutdown Simple Cycle Mode


Procedure
Perform each section of the procedure in numerical sequence. As each section is completed, initial the space provided in the
left column before proceeding to the next section.
Note:

The various control displays that the operator uses to accomplish the procedure (DCS and CT Mk-V) are listed at the
bottom of each section in bold type.

Use this procedure to shut down in the Simple Cycle Mode. Use OP4 to shut down in the Combined Cycle Mode using
the automatic shutdown sequencer. Use OP5 to shut down in the Combined Cycle Mode using manual controls.

Identical parameters displayed on different screens may display slight value differences, and/or a have a slight delay in
updating. These update only when their values change by a predetermined amount. However, the overwhelming
majority will immediately update. This issue does not apply to Mark V or hardpanel screens.
_______

1.

Ramp to Minimum Load


a. Set the CT-1A and CT-1B Min MW Limit setpoints at 80 MW
b. Set the Block Load MW M/A station Lo Limit setpoint at 160 MW
c. Set the MW Rate of Change setpoint at the desired MW/min
Note: The normal rate of load decrease is 10 MW/min.
d.

Set the Block Load MW M/A station setpoint at 160 MW to begin decreasing load

DCS: 1LOADCTL

_______

2.

Disable Block Load Control


a. Place the CT-1A and CT-1B PLC Selectors in PLC OFF
b. Verify that the CT-1A and CT-1B Load Setpoint M/A stations indicate MANUAL

DCS: 1LOADCTL

_______

3.

Transfer Turbine Controls to the Mk-V Displays


a. Transfer control of CT-1A from the DCS to the Mk-V display by placing the Control Location selector
in ALL LOCATIONS (location 0)
b. Transfer control of CT-1B from the DCS to the Mk-V display by placing the Control Location selector
in ALL LOCATIONS (location 0)

Note: The Combined Cycle Power Plant is ready for shutdown. The next step in the procedure begins the
shutdown.
CT-1A Mk-V: Control Location
CT-1B Mk-V: Control Location

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COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Standard Operating Procedure

OPERATING PROCEDURE NO. 7 Unit Shutdown Simple Cycle Mode


_______

4.

CT-1A and CT-1B Shutdown


a. Place the CT-1A and CT-1B Master Controls in STOP
b. Verify that CT-1A and CT-1B complete the following shutdown sequence:
CT Shutdown Sequence Event
Master Control in STOP, load decreases to zero
MW, generator breaker opens
Speed begins to decrease, EX2000 exciter stops
(at ~94% operating speed)
Firing stops (at ~15.5% operating speed when
firing with gas or at ~48% operating speed when
firing with oil)
Turning gear starts, shutdown sequence is
complete (at ~1.4% operating speed)

CT Mk-V Unit Control Indication


SHUTDOWN STATUS / UNLOADING
SHUTDOWN STATUS / FIRED
SHUTDOWN
SHUTDOWN STATUS / CRANKING
STARTUP STATUS / NOT READY TO
START

CT1A Mk-V: Unit Control


CT1B Mk-V: Unit Control

_______

5.

Fuel Gas System


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs were firing with fuel gas. If the CTs were firing with fuel oil,
proceed to the next step.
a.
b.

CLOSE the fuel gas supply valve (1FGA-ABV-002)


Direct the AO to line up the Fuel Gas System for shutdown
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing the main fuel gas supply valve in CLOSE

DCS: 1FGSYS

_______

6.

Fuel Oil System


Note: Perform this step only if the CTs were firing with fuel oil.
a.
b.

STOP the fuel oil forwarding pumps (1FOB-P-1) A/B/C/D


Direct the AO to line up the Fuel Oil System for shutdown
Note: Perform on Local Operation Screen 1 by placing the fuel oil pumps A/B/C/D discharge valves in
CLOSE

DCS: 1FOSYS

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