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Term End Examination - November 2013


: MEE549

Class NBR

: 5008


- Advanced Vibration Engineering

Slot: F1


Three Hours
PART - A (1 X 20 = 20 Marks)
Answer the Following Question


A spring-mounted body moves with velocity u along an undulating surface, as shown in

figure 1. The body has a mass m and is connected to the wheel by a spring of stiffness k,
and a viscous damper whose damping coefficient is c. The undulating surface has a
wavelength L and an amplitude h. Derive an expression for the ratio of amplitudes of the
absolute vertical displacement of the body to the surface undulations.

Figure 1

PART B (5 X 16 = 80 Marks)
Answer any FIVE Questions

When transported, a space vehicle is supported in a horizontal position by two springs, as

shown in figure 2. The vehicle can be considered to be a rigid body of mass m and radius of
gyration h about an axis normal to the plane of the figure through the mass centre G. The
rear support has a stiffness k1 and is at a distance a from G while the front support has a
stiffness k2 and is at a distance b from G. The only motions possible for the vehicle are
vertical translation and rotation in the vertical plane.

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Write the equations of small amplitude motion of the vehicle and obtain the frequency
equation in terms of the given parameters. Given that k1a =k2b, determine the natural
frequencies of the free vibrations of the vehicle and sketch the corresponding modes of
vibration. Also state or sketch the modes of vibration if k1a k2b.

Figure 2


A single degree of freedom damped system is composed of a mass of 10 kg, a spring

constant having a spring constant of 2000 N/m, and a dashpot having a damping constant
of 50 Ns/m. The mass of the system is acted by a harmonic force F = F0 sint having a
maximum value of 250 N and a frequency of 5 Hz. Determine the amplitude, phase angle
and the response of the system.


For the three degree of freedom system shown in Figure 3, derive the differential equation
of motion in matrix form. Also, obtain natural frequencies and draw the mode shapes.

Figure 3

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Two masses m1 and m2 are suspended on a massless string of constant tension and length
3l as shown in Figure 4. Assume small displacements y1 and y2 and obtain the equations of
motion for the system using Lagranges equation.

Figure 4


Obtain the frequency equation for the transverse vibration of a uniform beam resting on
linear springs k1 and k2 as shown in Figure 5.

Figure 5


A proposed environmental vibration test on a radar pod, attached to the wing of a high
performance aircraft, involves applying a single lateral random force to the pod by means
of an exciter and rigid connecting rod, as shown in Figure 6 (a). The pod, considered rigid,
is attached to the wing by a flexible pylon, and the combination has a lateral mode of
vibration at fn =15 Hz, with a non-dimensional viscous damping coefficient equal to
=0.05 of critical. Its lateral vibration behavior at the exciter attachment point can be
represented by the single-DOF lumped equivalent system shown in Figure 6 (b), where the
equivalent mass m is 100 kg, and the natural frequency and damping coefficient are as
given above. The applied force time history is F(t) and the resulting displacement history

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is y(t). The force power spectral density, defined at the exciter attachment rod, is held
constant at 4000 N2/Hz in the range 7.550 Hz, and is zero outside these limits. The force
supplied by the exciter has a Gaussian probability density, with zero mean, but is limited at
source to 3 times the RMS value in each direction.
Find (a) the RMS (or standard deviation) value, F, of the force required from the exciter,
and its maximum and minimum values. (b) the RMS (or standard deviation) displacement,
Y, of the point on the pod where the exciter rod is attached, and the total travel of the
exciter rod.

Figure 6

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