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1. State if the following statement is true or false. Please also give a one

or two line justification in support of your statement

i. Plastic deformation is a volume preserving deformation.

ii. Crystal plasticity does not require determination of active slip

systems.

iii. A sheet of metal can be only cut by scissors.

iv. Masonry failure surface is a smooth surface.

v. In concrete the cohesion, friction angle and dilation angle are

important to predict failure.

vi. Rankine criteria are restricted only to brittle materials.

vii.Non associative flow rule is required for modeling plastic behavior

of masonry

viii. Pucks theory of anisotropic yield is better than Hashins failure

theory

ix. In concrete damage plasticity, during hardening, upon unloading

from a subsequent yield point the slope of the unloading curve is

parallel to the initial straight line portion of the curve.

x. In crystal plasticity theories there is inherent multiplicity of slip

systems in ductile crystals, therefore selected slip systems are not

unique.

xi. Non smooth yield surface are encountered in modeling failure

behavior of steel.

xii.Classical return mapping algorithm does not require an iterative

computation of plastic multiplier

xiii. The consistency condition cannot be used to find the magnitude

of plastic multiplier

xiv. For a perfectly plastic material, during plastic process the slip

rate is equal to the total strain rate

xv., Drucker-Prager yield surface is an upper bound yield surface to

the Mohr coulomb yield surface.

xvi. Maximum plastic dissipation does not imply convexity of the

elastic range.

xvii. The normality condition gives information about the sign of the

plastic strain increment.

xviii. Kinematic hardening contradicts the bauchingers effect.

xix. During a plastic process neutral loading is a characteristic of a

perfectly plastic material.

xx. Normality condition remains the same irrespective of whether the

plasticity formulation is a strain driven or stress driven process.

xxi. For strain softening type of materials the bifurcation

encountered after peak requires regularization of strains for

satisfying stability criteria

2. a. Write the basic governing equations for one-dimensional classical

rate-independent Plasticity for a combined Isotropic/Kinematic

hardening case. (PG.32)

b. Write the Return-Mapping Algorithm for the above case PG.58

c. Derive the tangent modulus for this case. (PG.31,32)

3. Write the incremental stress-strain relations and derive the

expression for elasto-plastic constitutive matrix (ET) for a one

dimensional bar subjected to axial force at its free end.

4. A bar with two fixed ends is subjected to an axial force P at the point

with the left-end distance equal to a and the right- end distance equal

to b and a<b, as shown in the figure-1. The bar is made of an elasticperfectly plastic material with yield stress y. The axial force P is first

increased from zero until plastic flow occurs in the entire bar, and

then is unloaded to zero, followed by a reloading in the reverse

direction.

a. Determine the elastic and plastic limit loads Pe and Pp during the

loading.

b. Determine the residual stress and plastic strain in the bar when the

axial load P is unloaded to zero.

c. Determine the plastic limit load Pp during the reverse loading.

d. Sketch the P vs. u curve for the complete load-reversed load cycle

for the case b = 2a, where u is the axial displacement of the bar at

the load point.

Figure-1

5. Derive the expression of the scalar factor d for a general elasticperfectly plastic material using the associated flow rule, such that

the material is linear and isotropic, express the scalar factor d in

terms of the two elastic constants K and G.

6. The - response in a simple tension test for an elastic-linear

hardening plastic material is approximated by the following

expression:

= 0 +m , 0

E , < 0

stretched to a state at which the accumulated plastic strain p = p0

and is subsequently unloaded and reversely loaded to a compression

state at which the accumulated plastic strain p = 0. According to

a. Isotropic hardening rule

b. Kinematic hardening rule

c. Independent hardening rule

Determine the current tensile and compression yield strengths of the

material at this stress state.

Druckers material stability postulate and their implications for an

elastic material.

8. A metal yields at a state of plane stress with x = 80 MPa, y = 40

MPa and xy = 80 MPa. Assume isotropy, independence of hydrostatic

pressure, and equality of properties in tension and compression.

a. Find all other biaxial states of stress at yield in ( 1,2) space.

b. Plot the results in part (a) in (1,2) space and estimate the yield

stress

i.

In axial tension

ii.

In simple shear

c. Determine the yield stresses in (b), based on

i.

The Von Mises criterion

ii.

The Tresca criterion

9. Write the radial return-mapping algorithm for J2 plasticity and

Isotropic/Kinematic hardening case.

10.

The components of the stress tensor at a point under the

working load condition is given by:

11 = 25 MPa, 22 = 100 MPa, 33 = -50 MPa, 12 = 50 MPa and

13, 23 = 0

The yield stress of the material is 250 MPa. Based on (a) the Tresca

criterion and (b) the Von Mises criterion, calculate the factor of safety

of the stress state against failure under the following conditions:

(i) If all stresses are increased proportionally to reach the yield

surface

(ii) If only the normal stress x is increased to a critical failure value at

the yield surface.

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