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MRI 2302 : GENERAL SHIPPING KNOWLEDGE

MR. RAHIMMAN

NAME

ID

GENERAL SHIPPING KNOWLEDGE

General Shipping Knowledge is about to know the functions of ships. Other than that it is also
about to learn the construction of the ship itself.

BREAKBULK CARGOES VESSELS

Cargo were defined as goods that being carried on a ship, aircraft or motor vehicles.
Break-bulk usually did not involve the containerization. And it is usually being transport as
individual pieces due to the overweight, oversized goods. It is not suitable nor fit to the
container. As examples, goods that were transfer in bulk are usually ore, sand and other
commodities that are neither on pallets or in containers.

HOW IT WORKS

How does these vessels transfer it goods from one place to another. It is involving the
port and the ship itself. Roughly it involve big flow of transportation from manufacturers to the
trucks and lastly to the ship and it goes on from the ship back to the lorry and to the destination
where it was supposed to be send. The first is loading the goods, the goods will be kept in the
warehouse until the ship came to the port. When the ship had been arrived, the goods will be
transfer from the warehouse to the quay. Quay is a landing place that were made by concrete or
metal platform that lying alongside or projecting into water for loading and unloading ships. The
goods that had been on the quay will be transfer to the ship by crane. It is either the crane that
were on the ship or at the port. Because break-bulk vessels had different type. Loading and
unloading goods that were using break-bulk are a little mess to the labor. It is because the goods
will be transfer to the quay next to the ship and then it will be lifted on board separately. After all
the goods had been in the vessels, the loading and unloading area will be swept, washed and will
be repaired if it had any damaged on them.

TYPES OF BREAK-BULK CARGOES

Bagged Cargo
o Cargoes that will be kept away from pillars and will be cover by matting or
waterproofing jacket.
Barrels and Casks
o Barrels are usually involving in transferring liquid goods such as wine, water,
brandy, whisky or even oil. Barrel is usually made of wood and being built in

spherical shape.
Corrugated boxes
o Corrugated boxes is normal box. This box normally be loaded on pallets. The
sling that are usually to load the cargo frequently being left on to facilitate

discharge.
Wooden shipping containers
o Or also be called crates. Mostly being inserted with something fragile. Stowed on
double dunnage or in the tween decks. The sling that were used to load the cargo
also being left.

ADVANTAGES OF BREAK-BULK CARGOES

Frequently break bulk are the worth way to transfer goods. Because, it can transfer in a
large quantity. It is also the cheapest thing in costing to transport it. Other than that, break-bulk
also can be transfer onto smaller vessel or to the smaller port. Because not all vessel can access
the shallow water. Thats why these break-bulk cargoes will be transfer to much smaller ship to
access to some location that were cannot be access by any big vessels.

DISADVANTAGES OF BREAK-BULK CARGOES

In any good things there is also their bad. One of the bad thing in using break-bulk
method is, it create mass of mess. It had been explained on the first thing how does break-bulk
works or how does it load and unload its good.