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a questions

1. What were the aims of the League of Nations?


2. Describe two successes of the League of Nations in the 1920s.
3. What were the successes of the League in the 1920s?
4. Describe the structure of the League.
5. What was the role of :

a) The Assembly

b) The Council

6. Describe the role and work of two of the Leagues agencies.


7. Describe how the League of Nations tried to improve living and working conditions
around the world.
8. Describe how the League of Nations tried to prevent future wars between nations?
9. Describe the deficiencies of Britain and France as leaders of the League of
Nations.
10. What were the main weaknesses in the structure and organisation of the League
of Nations?
11. What was the Covenant?
12. What was collective security?
13. What was the Conference of Ambassadors?
14. Describe the Vilna crisis.
15. Describe the Corfu incident (1923).
16. What was the Geneva Protocol?
17. What were the Locarno Treaties(1925)? What was the Locarno Pact(1925)?
18. What was the Mukden incident?
19. Describe the Manchurian Crisis.
20. What was the Lytton Report?
21. Describe the Disarmament Conference(1932-1933).
22. What was the Hoare-Laval Pact?

b questions
1. Why did Woodrow Wilson want a league of nations?
2. Why did its structure and membership weaken the League?
3. Why was the League dominated by Britain and France?
4. Why did some countries regard the League with suspicion?/ Why did some
countries view the setting up the League of Nations with suspicion?
5. Why did the USA decide not to become a member of the League?
6. Why did the USAs failure to become a member create problems for the League?

7. Why was the League able to achieve some successes in dealing with international
disputes in the 1920s?
8. Why was the League unable to achieve its main aims?
9. Why did the Depression make the work of the League more difficult?
10. Why did Japan invade Manchuria in 1931?
11. Why did the League fail to deal with Japanese aggression against Manchuria?
12. Why did the League fail to solve the Manchurian crisis?
13. Why did the Disarmament Conference(1932-1933) fail?
14. Why did Italy/Mussolini invade Abyssinia?
15. Why was the Hoare-Laval Pact important?
16. Why did the League fail to solve the Abyssinian crisis?
17. Why was the conquest of Abyssinia not prevented by the League of Nations?

c questions
1. How successful was the League of Nations in dealing with disputes during the
1920s?Explain your answer.
2. How successful was the League of Nations in the 1920s?
3. How far was the League of Nations a failure? Explain your answer.
4. How far was the League of Nations a success? Explain your answer.
5. It was the Abyssinian crisis that destroyed the League of Nations as an effective
peacekeeping body. How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer.
6.Which was the most important cause of the failure of the League of Nations the
World Depression of the 1930s or the invasion of Abyssinia? Explain your answer.
7. It was the Hoare-Laval Plan rather than the World Depression that destroyed the
League. How far do you agree?
8. How far was the Disarmament Conference (1932-1933) responsible for the
collapse of the League?
9. How far were the Leagues structural weaknesses responsible for its failure?
10. How far was the absence of the USA responsible for the failure of the League?

DEBATE TOPICS
The League of Nations was doomed from the start.
The USA was responsible for the collapse of the League.

The Depression destroyed the League of Nations.

Why was the League of Nations set up in 1919?


Because Wilson wanted it more than anything else.

What Treaty set up the League of Nations


Treaty of Versailles

What were the four aims of the League of Nations?


Stop Wars
Improve people's lives and jobs
Disarmament
Enforce the Treaty of Versailles

What happened when Wilson went back home to America?


The Senate refused to join the League or ratify the Treaty of Versailles

Why did the Americans not want to join the League of Nations?
Many Americans were German immigrants and hated the Treaty of Versailles
Americans did not want to get involved in European affairs because it might involve Americans dying in a war.
Americans did not want to get involved in European affairs because it might cost money
Many Americans were anti-British and hated the British Empire (the American revolution had been to get out of the British Empire)

How many countries joined the League of Nations in 1919?


42

How many members did the League have in the 1930s?


60

Name three powerful countries which were not members of the League.
USA
USSR
Germany

Why was Russia not a member of the League?


A Communist country, hated Britain and France

Why was Germany not a member of the League?


Not allowed to join by the Treaty of Versailles

Who were the four main members of the League?


Britain,
France,
Italy,
Japan

What four powers did the League have to enforce its decisions? Explain them.

Covenant
Condemnation
Arbitration
Sanctions

What did the League NOT have which made it hard for it to enforce its decisions?
An army

What were the eight main parts of the Leagues organisation?


Secretariat
Council
Assembly
Court of International Justice
Health Committee
International Labour Organisation
Refugees Commission
Mandates Commission
Slavery Commission

How many times a year did the Leagues Assembly meet?


once a year

How many times a year did the Council meet?


4-5 times a year, and when necessary

What did the Court of International Justice do?


settled small disputes

What did the Health Committee of the League do?


tried to improve the health of the people of the world

What did the Slavery Committee of the League do?


Tried to free all slaves

What did the Refugee Committee of the League do?


tried to get refugees home, or into camps

What was the job of the Secretariat?


To organise the work of the committees, and liaise between them

Which two countries were involved in the Corfu dispute of 1923?


Italy and Greece

Who was the leader of Italy?


Mussolini

Which two countries were involved in the Bulgaria incident of 1925?


Bulgaria and Greece

How many prisoners of war did the League get home?


Half a million

In which country did the League set up a refugee camp?


Turkey

Which two diseases did the League try to destroy?

leprosy and malaria

How did the League try to say no to drugs?


Closed down 4 Swiss drugs companies

How many slaves did the League set free?


200,000

Which two countries did the League send economics experts to?
Austria and Hungary

What did the Kellogg-Briand Pact promise in 1928?


To abolish war

How did Britain and France make Germany pay reparations in 1921?
Invaded the Ruhr

What did the League try to arrange at its disarmament conference?


All nations to reduce their weapons

Why did the Disarmament Conference of 1931 fail?


Hitler demanded equality with the other countries

Which country broke the Treaty of Versailles by attacking Russia in 1920?


Poland

What did the Leagues International Labour Organisation try to do?


48-hour week

Which country invaded Manchuria in 1931?


Japan

What was the economic depression of the 1930s?


Wall Street (the US Stock Market) crashed
USA called in loans
Factories closed down
People out of work/ starved

Why didnt France and Britain try to force Japan to leave Manchuria?
Did not want to go to war

Which country did Italy invade in 1935?


Abyssinia

What did Britain and France secretly agree with Italy?


to let Italy have Abyssinia

What effect did the Leagues failures in Manchuria and Abyssinia have?
Destroyed confidence in it
Many countries left

List seven reasons the League failed.