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College of Engineering

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

Baybay, Leyte

GEng 112

General Surveying II

Name: Joycelyn H. Uy

13, 2012

Course and Year: BSCE-3

2013

Date Submitted: January 8,

Laboratory Exercise No. 6

I.

Introduction:

Three-point resection is a form of triangulation. This method

of determining the location of an instrument by measuring the

horizontal angles between three stations of known position and

location may be used in areas where existing control points cannot

be occupied or when the work does not warrant the time and cost of

occupying each station. Triangulation of this type should be

considered Fourth-Order, although Third-Order accuracy can be

obtained if a strong triangular figure is used and the angles are

accurately measured.

II.

Objective(s):

1. To determine analytically the position of an instrument

station by measuring the horizontal angles between

three stations of known position and location.

III.

Engineers Transit or Theodolite, Range Poles, Hubs and

Flags or Markers.

IV.

Procedure:

1. From the unknown position of point P (instrument station),

the three designated control points whose positions (X & Y

Coordinates) are known were identified on the ground.

These stations were called A, B, and C. These stations were

the ground.

2. The instrument was set up and levelled at point P and the

horizontal angles psi() and lambda() were measured in

four or more repetitions.

3. After the above observations are completed, the length

and direction of lines AB and BC were determined, and the

angle at ABC (or ). Then the values of Q, X, Y, , , BP,

AP, and CP were solved to determine the coordinates of

point P.

II.

Table 1. Coordinates of A, B and C.

Station

A

B

C

P

Eastings

19808.60 m

20062.01 m

20029.71 m

20091.17 m

SAMPLE COMPUTATIONS:

a)

Length of AB and BC

Using distance formula: d =

AB =

AB = 262.853 m

BC =

BC = 95.959 m

Azimuth of AB and BC,

Using Tan Bearing or Azimuth of AB =

AB =

AB = 74O3545.43 from N

Northings

27373.95 m

27443.77 m

27353.41 m

27552.13 m

BC =

BC = 19O4011.6 from N

b) Angle ABC,

<ABC = (180 - 19O4011.6) + 74O3545.43

= 234o5533.83

c) Other required unknown elements in the figure:

Q = 360 (234o5533.83 - 2O730 - 95O1830)

Q = 27O3826.17

X=

X=

X = 25o0919.57

Y = 27O3826.17 - 25o0919.57

Y = 2O296.6

<ABP = 180 (95O1830 + 25o0919.57)

<ABP = 59O3210.43

<BPC = 180 (2O730 + 2O296.6)

<BPC = 175O2323.4

AP =

= 227.542 m

CP =

= 208.005 m

BP =

= 112.136 m

Coordinates of Point P;

Solve for latitude and departure of line CP;

Lat = dcos = 208.005cos (17o115) = 198.7191 m

Dep = dsin = 208.005sin (17o115) = 61.4558 m

Latitude is added to Northing of station C, Departure is

added to Easting of station C.

Northings of P = 27353.41 + 198.7191 = 27552.1291 m

Eastings of P = 20029.71 + 61.4558 = 20091.1658 m

DISCUSSION:

A, B, and C are the main triangulation stations whose

locations are known. P is the intersected point whose location is to

be determined. Observations are made on P from A, B, and C, and

the angle alpha, beta and gamma are measured. The lengths a and

b of AB and AC, respectively, and the angle B are known as the

coordinates of A, B, and C are known. The angle B can also

computed from the known coordinates of A,B, and C as a check on

the observations. It is required to determine the distances AP, BP

and CP, so that P can be plotted by intersections.

III.

IV.

Conclusion:

Therefore, the position of an instrument station was determined

by measuring the horizontal angles between three stations of known

position and location. The coordinates of the station P is (20091.1658

m, 27552.1291 m).

Sketch:

V.

Reference(s):

http://140.194.76.129/publications/eng-manuals/EM_1110-11005_sec/EM_1110-1-1005_Sections/c-3.pdf

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