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Read the text and do the tasks below the text.
The Amish
Now, America is as modern a place as you will find in all the world, I imagine, but when you
travel a few miles into Pennsylvania from Philadelphia and enter a place called Lancaster County,
you could believe you had travelled back in time to the last century and even beyond. For that is
where the Amish established themselves and held fast to their customs and beliefs. They are
farming people who are immediately recognisable by their unusual dress – severe black suits for the
men, long skirts and bob caps for the women, since it seems the heads must be covered at all times,
even the children's. The men wear broad-brimmed black hats for best, and straw ones for working.
They will not use electricity or motor-propelled vehicles of any kind; they work the land with
horses and light their homes with kerosene lamps and candles. I have to confess that I lived
something of an Amish life for many years in Baldersdale, but not through choice.
Lancaster County is very rural. And down every narrow lane you could see half a dozen of those
strange, black, horse-drawn buggies, totally enclosed and usually driven by an old, white-bearded
man. The Amish are people whose ancestors came from Switzerland in the sixteenth century. The
community living in Lancaster County came from Germany, and still spoke a Rhine dialect. Indeed,
the children do not begin to learn English until they start their education, and even then they go to
one-room Amish schools. And from a very young age they are all given jobs to do in the home or on
the farm, which gives them even less time to mix with non-Amish children. After baptism, you
cannot marry outside the faith. Owning motorised transport is banned because cars would give
youngsters a chance to travel and experience other ways. You could not go far in a horse and buggy.
Sunday worship is held in one of their homes, and the location is known only to the Amish, week
by week. Apparently, the services start at 11am and last for three hours.
On my last day, I was invited by the Meyer family to go for a buggy ride and then join them for
dinner. I sat beside Mr. Jack Meyer, a large, bearded man, who was dressed in the traditional
manner. He told me the time when the standard Amish day starts is 4.30am and the milking goes on
until breakfast at seven. Half an hour later the children are sent off to school, which starts at eight,
and then the men start work until lunch is served by the women at eleven. Around three in the
afternoon the final milking of the day begins. That is followed by supper, and by seven-thirty most
farmers are in bed.
Dinner with the Meyers was a remarkable experience. They do take in paying guests, but you are
not to use alcohol prior to your arrival, and not to smoke on their property. Most importantly, you
are specifically requested not to bring a camera with you. But for my benefit, they allowed us to
film them at their table.
Lancaster Amish are famous for their food, and justifiably so. Jugs of water washed down the
feast, but midway we were offered tea made from herbs which grow wild.
There was clearly a lot of love and laughter in the Meyer household, and the children were
exceedingly well- behaved. They all returned obediently to the dining room when the final ritual of
the evening was to begin. They formed a group with their mother and father and sang a hymn in a
manner I had not heard before, all harmonising beautifully. All in all, a vivid and memorable

1. Answer the question.
1. Why is it easy to recognize the Amish?


a) Amish people are not allowed to drive cars. When do Amish children begin to learn English? 3. because True False 5. Give another title to the text. Justify your choice. Find in the text the antonyms for the words given below. Identify and circle the correct variant (True/False).2. a) to finish ____________________ b) badly – behaved ____________________ 4. True False because b) Young Amish usually have a busy day. _____________________________________________________________________ 6. A 0 1 2 A 0 1 2 A 0 2 4 A 0 2 4 A 0 1 2 3 4 6 A 0 1 2 A 0 1 2 A 0 2 4 A 0 2 4 A 0 1 2 3 4 6 A 0 1 2 3 A 0 1 2 3 4 5 7 A 0 1 2 3 A 0 1 2 3 4 5 7 . Find in the text the synonyms for the words given below. Identify the message of the text and comment on it in 5 lines. What aspects of the Amish life was the writer impressed by? 2. a) to let ____________________ b) extraordinary ____________________ 3.

Igor Stravinsky. If these famous people (not. THE ASSESSMENT OF LINGUISTIC COMPETENCE (20 points) Fill in the gaps with the suitable articles. Even then. have) _______________________________dreams. Charlotte Bronte also drew on her dreams in writing Jane Eyre. pronouns and preposition Write the correct form of the verbs in brackets. the inventor of the electric light bulb. Elias Howe was far from being unique in finding the answer _____________ his problem in this way. It uses strange images which the conscious part may not understand at first. Then he had ___________ nightmare. but still active. This is why dreams are sometimes called 'secret messages to ourselves'. part digests your experiences and goes to work on the problems you have had during the day. This unconscious. a part of your mind is still working. they wouldn’t have created anything. It is only when you fall asleep that this part of the brain can send messages to the part you use when you are awake. Score A 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 A 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 . It was his dream that finally enabled Howe to design and build the first really practical sewing-machine. So did the great physicist. He tossed and turned. Howe slept badly. you have to understand what happens when you are asleep.SECTION II. Thomas Edison. To appreciate ______________value of dreams. (Despite/However/ Although) his exhaustion. However. It stores all sorts of information and details which you (may. forget) ___________________________or never have really noticed. said that his best ideas (come) ____________________to him in dreams. once said the only way he could solve his problems in musical composition was 'to sleep on _______________'. Choose the correct word from those given in brackets. He (work) ___________________________all night on the design of a sewing-machine but he had run into a very difficult problem: it seemed impossible to get the thread to run smoothly around the needle. Albert Einstein. The composer. the unconscious part expresses ________________________through its own logic and its own language. an American inventor called Elias Howe finally fell asleep. No Item 110 Early one morning more than a hundred years ago.

. which A 0 university would you choose? Explain your choice.  Draw a conclusion. . No Item Score If you have a possibility to study in a university of an English-speaking country.SECTION III. THE ASSESSMENT OF PRAGMATIC AND CIVIC COMPETENCES (30 points) Write a coherent 20-line text expressing your attitude on the given topic. Some people think that educated people are more valuable than people who have learned skills through experience. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ A 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 A 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 .Express your personal opinion and reasons for it.Draw a conclusion. THE ASSESSMENT OF PRAGMATIC AND CULTURAL COMPETENCES (20 points) Write a coherent 10-line text describing the situation below. What is your opinion? Bring two examples. 1 _____________________________________________________________________ 2 3 _____________________________________________________________________ 4 _____________________________________________________________________ 5 6 _____________________________________________________________________ 7 _____________________________________________________________________ 8 9 _____________________________________________________________________ 10 _____________________________________________________________________ 11 12 _____________________________________________________________________ 13 _____________________________________________________________________ 14 15 _____________________________________________________________________ 16 _____________________________________________________________________ 17 18 19 20 A 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 SECTION IV. Use the following plan:  Make an introduction.  Bring two examples.

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 .