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WELCOME

TO PRESENTATION

MICROTEACHING

MICROTEACHING
Micro teaching is a training procedure aimed at simplifying the
complexities of regular teaching process.
It is scaled down sample of teaching
Micro teaching technique was first adopted at Stanford University,
USA in 1961, by Dwight W.Allen and his co-workera and is now
followed in many countries with modified techniques.
The special feature of micro teaching is every aspects of teaching
is micro, the class is micro, period is micro, the content is micro,
and the objective is micro.

Micro teaching is a scaled down sample of


teaching in which a teacher teaches a small
unit to small group of 5 to 10 pupils for a
small period of 5 to 10 minutes.

Such a situation offers a helpful setting for a


teacher to acquire new teaching skills and to
refine old ones. Micro-teaching is a new design
for teacher training, which provides trainees
with feedback about their performance
immediately after completion of lessons.

DEFINITION
Microteaching is defined as a scaled down
teaching encounter in class size and class
time(Allen).

OBJECTIVES OF MICRO
TEACHING
1. To enable teacher-trainees to learn and assimilate
new teaching skills under controlled conditions.
2. To enable teacher-trainees to gain confidence in
teaching, and to master a number of skills by
dealing with small group of pupils.

CHARACTERISTICS
1. It is scaled down teaching.
2. It is less complex than regular teaching.
3. It involves lesser number of students, usually
5 to 10.
4. Its duration is short about 5 to 10 minutes.

TEACHING SKILLS
Teaching skill is a set of related convert behaviors of the
teacher (verbal & non verbal)which are observable,
definable, measurable, demonstrable and refinable through
practice.

The teacher uses teaching skills in pre-instructional and


post instructional stages for achieving predetermined
specific objectives.

Some of the skills are extensively used in routine teaching by all teachers. These skills are known
as CORE TEACHING SKILLS.

SKILL OF INTRODUCING
LESSON

SKILL OF STIMULAS
VARIATION

SKILL OF REINFORCEING

Skill of
questioning

CORE TEACHING
SKILLS

SKILL OF PROBING
QUESTIONS

SKILL OF EXPLANATION

SKILL OF ILLUSTRATION
WITH EXAMPLES
Skill of using
Black board

STEPS IN MICRO TEACHING


1.
2.

3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Defining the skill/competency to be developed in terms of specific teaching


behaviours.
Demonstration of the skill/competency by the teacher educator by taking a
lesson
Based on the model, preparation of a lesson plan by the teacher trainee, for a
suitable topic, which calls for application of the skill/competency anticipated.
Teaching of the lesson by the teacher trainee in a stimulated set up, in the
presence of observers.
Providing of immediate feed-back to the teacher trainee by the observers with a
view to help him improve the skill.
Arranging re-planning, re-teaching and re-feedback sessions.
Repetition of plan, teach,feedback,re-plan,re-teach and re- feedback cycle till
the skill is mastered.

The exact teach- reteach cycle of micro-teaching can be presented


diagrammatically as given below

PLAN

REFEEDBACK

TEACH

RE-TEACH

FEEDBACK

RE-PLAN

PHASES OF MICROTEACHING
Knowledge acquisition phases
Skill acquisition phases
Transfer phase

KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION
PHASE

OBSERVE

ANALYSE

The
demonstration
of skill by
teacher
educator

The steps
involved &
discuss the
demonstratio
n

SKILL ACQUISITION PHASE

PREPARE

PRACTISE

Micro lesson The


predetermin
ed skill

TRANSFER PHASE

EVALUATE

TRANSFER

The
The skill to
performanc actual
e of trainee teaching
situation

ADVANTAGES OF MICRO
TEACHING
Teacher-trainees trained through micro-teaching are
founded to perform better than ones trained by
traditional method.
It employs real teaching for the purpose of developing
skills.
It helps to accomplish specific teacher competencies.
The teaching practice gains a higher degree of
organisation because factor such as time, number of
students, etc..could be controlled.

ADVANTAGES OF MICRO
TEACHING
It helps to gain deeper knowledge due to feedback and re-plan, re-teach cycles.

It is more effective in modifying teacher behaviour.


It helps in developing important teaching skills such as questioning,reinforcement
of student participation,etc..
It is an effective technique for transfer of teaching competencies to the classroom
It provides many opportunities for trainees to build up desired patterns of
behaviour in a non-threatening set-up.

LIMITATIONS OF MICRO
TEACHING
It is skill oriented; content is not emphasised
It emphasises specific skills;but neglects
integrated skills.
It covers only a few specific skills.
It may raise administrative problems while
arranging micro lessons.

CONCLUSION
Micro teaching is a scaled down sample of teaching
in which a teacher teaches a small unit to small
group of 5 to 10 pupils for a small period of 5 to 10
minutes.After mastering each specific skill through
micro-teaching sessions,the teacher educator can
arrange a number of macro sessions in the line of
actual classroom situations.This will help in
integrating the specific skills into complex major
skills.

THANKYOU