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xxx

Design of Footing

16-Nov-15

-

PRC

0

a) Material Proerties

Soil

fcu
fy

:
:

30
500

wc

:

25

qallow

:

200

MPa (28 days compressive cube strength of concrete)
MPa (Characteristic steel strength)
kN/m3 (unit wt. of concrete)
kN/m2 (Safe bearing capacity of soil)

γ
ɸ
μ

:
:
:

18
30
0.5

kN/m3 (unit wt. of soil)
deg
(angle of internal friction of soil)
(Conc. friction factor)

b) Section Proerties
Footing
Length
Width
Thickness
Column

L
B
H

:
:
:

1.80
1.40
0.3

m
m
m

column width
column depth

b
h

:
:

300
360

mm
mm

Clear cover
C
:
effective depth of footing
d
:

c) Load Evaluation
Embedment of column inside footing
Ht. of soil fill on external side above nib
Ht. of soil fill on internal side above nib

:
:
:

0
mm
300 mm
300 mm

Pocket details
Nib thickness of pocket at top
:
0
mm
Nib thickness of pocket at bottom
:
0
mm
ht of nib from top of footing pad
:
0
mm
Gap b/w nib and column at top of nib
:
0
mm
eccentricity of column position
ex
:
720 mm
ez
:
0
mm
Surcharge on
(Considered as dead load in combination)
Internal side
: 10.74 kPa
(Block wall load)
External side
:
0.0 kPa
Column Reactions
vertical
Primary Load
Type
Fy
Dead Load(DL)
Live load (LL)
Wind (WL)

Horizontal
kN
Fx
Fz

35.9

Moment
kNm
Mx
Mz
0.6

22.9

28.0

70

mm

218 mm

occupied by soil Volsoil wt.0 0.0 LL 1.9 Live load (LL) 21.0 0.9 0.0 DL + 1.0 34.0 34.0 0.5 LL 1.4)-0-0.0 26. Design Loads on Footing vertical Primary Load Type Fy Dead Load(DL) 67.0 22.0 Load Combinations Fy Ultimate Load 1.032 3 : 0.0 39.0 WL 1.xxx Design of Footing 16-Nov-15 - PRC 0 wt.vol of nib .0 0.0 LL ez=0 1400 Total unfactored vertical load without eccentricity P1 : 31.0 0.0 0.0 WL 1.0 0.5 WL ex=720 1800 Footing Plan Moment kNm Mx Mz 0.9 0.000 m 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 22.5 0.4 0.5 89.62x1.0 0.5 LL + - + - 1.0 0.5 DL + 1.5 0. of soil wsoil 18.0 Load Case (LC) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Horizontal kN Fx Fz 0.17 kPa ZZ Additional moments develop due to vertical and horizontal reactions from column eccentricity.5 WL 1.93 kN XX wnib 3 0.0 -20.5 89.0 134.5 61.03 kN : 5.5 0.724 m : 13.5 LL 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4)+(0. of nib : : XX Volume occupied by concrete nib Volnib : [(0.0 0.0 DL + 1.4 34.0 0.3x1.0 0.0 0.0 .0 0.0 26.0 LL 1.0 0.vol of column 1800 Footing Elevation : (0.36x2)]x0x0 Horizontal kN Fx Fz Moment kNm Mx Mz 89.3x0.4 -8.0 0.0 0.3 113.0 0. of footing wfoot : Vol.0 0.7 Wind (WL) 0.0 DL + 1.9 22.0 0.9 Vertical Service Load 1.00 kN 300 wt.90 kN ex=720 : vol of soil .0 0.18x1.0 0.4 0.3 134.9 0.7 92.5 DL + 1.0 0.0 0.3x2)+(0.0 0.2 DL + 1.0 0.

3.29 kNm FOS Check for Sliding DFx DFz The resisting force is RF RF FOS : RMx/OTMx : RMz/OTMz (Load case) 2 : 22. sec. therefore the pressure is trapezoidal.778 kNm : 92.00 kNm Ps : 89.95 RF/DFz : 100 > 1.2.78 kPa : 0 kPa Check the adequacy of footing Due to the wind load case. e) Design of Footing Check footing (Load case) 2 Mx : 0.233 m : 0.652]x(0.5x0.50 > 1.4.517 kPa : 35. ex : Mz/P L/6 : 0.axis) The restoring moment is RMx : [67. qmax : 2P/[3B(L/2-e)] qmin : no tension = 0 : 198.3 m : 0.5 Hence the footing is safe against sliding in 'z'.(6 M/LB^2) : 35.54x(0.52 kPa The triangular pressure along x direction is given by.36 kNm eccentricity due to moment ez : Mx/P B/6 : 0.axis) (Disturbing force along z.90 kN : 0.5 Hence the footing is safe against overturning in 'z'. qmax : (P/A) + (6 M/LB^2) qmin : (P/A) .xxx Design of Footing 16-Nov-15 - PRC 0 e) Stability Check Check for overturning (Load case) 2 OTMx : 0.5 44.032+21.36 kNm (Overturning moment about z.3.686 m e > L/6.8 kN RF/DFx : 1.7) RMz : 102.enh : 1.50 kN Mz : 61. The trapezoidal pressure along z direction is given by. (Disturbing force along x. therefore the pressure is triangular.axis) OTMz : 61.000 m e < L/6.2.25 x 200 : 250 kPa . > 1.axis) μ x (total vertical force) 89.9) : 71. qa.00 kNm (Overturning moment about x.5 Hence the footing is safe against sliding in 'x'.5 Hence the footing is safe against overturning in 'x'. the allowable bearing pressure can be increased by 25% as per BS 8004:1986.00 kN : : : : : : : 100 1. > 1.85+13.

378 0 0 0 0 ##### 0.06 kPa qumin.5 0 0 0 0 0 26.18 m The trapezoidal pressure along z direction is given by.5. Description P Mx Mz ez ex P/A kN kNm kNm m m kPa Service Load Combination (kPa) LC-1 LC-2 LC-3 LC-4 89.2 kPa qumin. qumax.296 0.5 89.17 : 193.pressure due to wt.z : (P/A) .x : (P/A) .9 kN Mux : 0 kNm Muz : -20.6 kPa 0 (Maximum pressure .094 ##### 35.686 -0. Hence the footing is safe.28 Ultimate Load Combination (kPa) LC-6 LC-7 LC-8 LC-9 LC-10 134.33 kPa Z↑ D C 1800 A B →X General Sketch The pressure calculation is made cosidereing an equivalent area available against the length and width of footing.78 .3 113.(6 M/BL^2) : 72.52 35.51 kNm ezu exu : : 0 m 0.0 0 0 0 ##### ##### ##### 0.28 45.52 0 LC-5 134. Check for Shear and BM The governing ultimate load combinations is (Load case) 7 Pu : 113.296 53.51 0 0.z : (P/A) + (6 M/LB^2) : 45.362 -8. Additional eccentricity is considered in the design for arriving at the size of footing.18 ##### ##### ##### 53.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 92.49 61.74 0 0.04 -20.(6 M/LB^2) : 45.3 0.x : (P/A) + (6 M/LB^2) : 18.xxx Design of Footing 16-Nov-15 - PRC qmax : 198.6856 -0.2 kPa 1400 The trapezoidal pressure along x direction is given by. qumax.2 0 0 0 .0 39. of soil above the footing) < 250 kPa.504 89.517 35.

98 kNm BM due to overburden MxR : 1.1 0 0.0 0.0 0.55x0.2 18.8 298.36 kN/m 7 The acting length 'a' of pressure along length of footing from qmax ax : 1.31 kNm .0 70. the footing is checked for shear and BM.981 kNm Right MxR : [25.0 0.55^(2)/2]+[1/2x0x0.44^(2)/2]+[1/2x60.36x0.0 0.36 kN/m qCD : 81.1 0 0.0 0.6 0.289 kN/m AB CD (Load case) Z . Load Case .0 70.37] : 12.306 kNm Right MzR : [81.8 kPa < allowable = 250 kPa.0 46.0 0.4 x [5.29x0^(2)/2]+[1/2x0x0x0] : 0 kNm Muxx : 83.51 kNm The critical BM at the face of the column along ZZ direction Left MzL : [81.6 198.0 72.0 72.0 46.55x0.7 Load Case .306 kNm Muzz : 12.4 m Considering the direction of wind from both the sides. X .800 m az : 1. hence footing is safe.3 0.44x0.8 24.96] : 83.0 105.37] : 12.17x1.8 24.4 0.8 298.7 0.6 0.xxx Design of Footing 16-Nov-15 - PRC Corner Pressure A kPa B kPa C kPa D kPa Status 0 Service Load Combination (kPa) Ultimate Load Combination (kPa) LC-1 LC-2 LC-3 LC-4 LC-5 LC-6 LC-7 LC-8 LC-9 LC-10 0.36x0.4x1.7 0.0 0.direction AD qAD : 101.0 198. The ultimate pressure across 'x' and 'z' direction are.78x1.3 0.direction qAB : 81.5 0.0 0.55^(2)/2]+[1/2x0x0.0 105.6 198.48x1.7 B XX A L=1800 1440 0 25 kN/m 1800 D ZZ A B=1400 550 550 1400 81 kN/m 101 kN/m Ultimate Base Pressure along Length (kN/m) 81 kN/m Ultimate Base Pressure along Width (kN/m) The critical BM at the face of the column along XX direction Left MxL : [40.0 0.44^(2)/2] : 10.27 kN/m BC qBC : 25.2 18.4 0.5 0.

Therefore distance from edge of fooring is XL ZL : 1.954 : 24 kN Punching shear : Total load .36 + 81.77 kN Check for Flexure Effective depth of footing Along Length bx : Mux : Here.068 m XR 1.8 m ZR Shear force from left is V1XL : (101.28 mm but not greater than.9 .xxx Design of Footing 16-Nov-15 - PRC 0 For beam shear. reinf.36)/2 x 0.4.3.29 + 25. reinf.Load under shear area V2 : 113. L1 : 687.156.36)/2 x 0.222 m : 0. Face.0 kNm : 218 mm Along Width bz Muz : Mu/bd2fcu : 0.156.8]}/2 : 36.1 mm .01 kN Shear force from right is V1XR : (25.69)/2 x 1.5d from face of col.2 kN V1X : 27. zx : 207.28.0 kN For Punching shear.222 V1ZL : (81.95d 0.28 m 0.90 kN : {[(54.36 + 81.4.042 < 0.29 + 25.4]+[(81.0 mm A2s Total load under footing Average pressure under shear area : : 3.332 : 0.1 mm : : 1800 mm 12.332 m : : 1.8 mm 207.8 kPa load under shear area A2s : 36.24.687 x 0. the critical location is at 'd' from col.0 kN V1X : 92. the critical location is at 1.95 d} zz : 216.3 kNm (BS-8110-1:1997. 0. hence comp.29)/2 x 0 V1ZR : (81.005 < 0.81 x 0.4) : 0.95d z zx : 207. k d 1400 mm 84.66 sqm (shear perimeter) (Shear area) Ptot : 113. hence comp.237 kN : 27.Sec. zz : : 207.27 + 49.36)/2/1. 0.332 : 92.0 kN : 27.36 + 81.29)/2/1. is not required.0 mm PrL B1 : 954.1 mm : lesser of {207.13 V2 : 89. is not required.

07 MPa.13 N/mm Shear strength of concrete is given by τvc : Here. Hence o.18) /2 : 0.Z Vc.req : 2 125. mm c/c.07 N/mm Shear strength of concrete is given by τvc Along X direction 100 Asx/(bx d) (400/d)1/4 : 0.7 sqmm. 0.18 2 : 0.07 kN τvc. Hence o. : 173. Asx.2 kN . Hence o.3 MPa.req 2 853.25 of BS-8110-1:1997 is : 0.Z Punching Shear τc2x : 89770 / (3282 x 218) 2 : 0.1 mm Minimum reinforcement required for slab as per Table 3. mm2 no. Hence o.X : Along Z direction 100 Asz/(bz d) : 2 : 0.k.13 MPa.95Fyz Asz. 10 mm @ Asz.7 mm : Mu/0.296 + 0. : 159.prov : 905 mm Along z direction. Hence o. > 853.16 (Fcu/25)1/3 : 1.30 : 1.k.k. Check for shear One way Shear τc1x : 92240 / (1400 x 218) 2 : 0.52 N/mm > 0.k. of bars : : 2 702 mm 8 nos.13% (for slab) Provide reinforcement along x direction as 12 mm @ 160 mm c/c. 2 Asx.k.48 N/mm > 0. > 702 sqmm.441 N/mm > 0.xxx Design of Footing 16-Nov-15 - PRC 0 Required reinforcement for the BM.30 N/mm τc1Z : 27010 / (1800 x 218) 2 : 0. 100 Asx/(bx d) τvc.prov : 200 707 As.238 2 : 0. of bars : 9 nos.req : As.X Vc.06 τvc.min no.X : (0.

44^2/1. ws2 : 4.0 kN/m 1075 (Outside) (Inside) A B L= 1.56x2/1.00 (Rankins constant for soil) Pressure at level h1 below ground Pp : kp γ h 1 : 27 kN/sqm Resistance offered by soil due to passive pressure Mp : 9.59 kN/sqm Total surcharge.075 M : 6.44 Bending moment at A in the footing due to point load : 4x1.02x2/1.44^2/1.15 kN/sqm Calculation for Passive earth pressure Length of wall : 8. ws1 : 6.4 : 6. ws2 : 9.74 kN/sqm .59 : 10.15 + 6.50 Depth of wall below ground level h1 : 500 m mm Passive earth pressure on wall below ground level kp : 3.56 kNm Converting this BM in terms of surcharge due to to uniform load from the inside of boundary wall 2 Mp : w L /2 Therefore Surcharge due to passive pressure.4 : 4.02 kNm Converting this BM in terms of surcharge due to to uniform load from the inside of boundary wall 2 M : w L /2 Therefore Surcharge due to point load.4x1.xxx Design of Footing - 16-Nov-15 PRC 0 Calculation for Surcharge Block wall load + load from cover slab 4.

xxx Design of Footing - 16-Nov-15 PRC 0 Footing Reinforcement Detail .