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SECTION H - ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION

1.0

System Requirements
The following are the electrical system characteristics for which the equipment is to
be designed and utilised:

2.0

Primary LV System

415 V, 3 phase, 4 wire,


50 Hz

Power for space heater

240 V, 1 phase, 2 wire,


50 Hz Neutral solidly
earthed

Control voltage for


switchgear

AC 110 V

Switchgear Current Rating

150 Amps

Booster Station Accessories


The following accessories shall be provided for the booster station.

3.0

(a)

A single line diagram framed in a glass panel.

(b)

Rubber mats of approximately 1200mm wide and 10mm thick in continuous


roll for the full lengths of the switchboards.

(c)

A chart showing the first-aid procedures for electric shock.

(d)

Danger sign boards of the format approved by TNB are fixed on all the
doors.

(e)

Booster station name signboard.

Underground Distribution Cables (Pvc/Swa/Pvc Type)


The underground distribution cables shall have conductors of annealed copper
PVC insulated, steel wire armoured and PVC sheathed adequately sized to carry
the total power output and lighting circuit required for the works and taking into
consideration voltage drop in accordance with I.E.E. Regulations. PVC insulated
armoured cables shall be manufactured in accordance with the current B.S. 6346.
The voltage rating (EO/E) for the cable shall be 600V/1000V. Cables unless
otherwise specified shall be 4-core.

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Cables laid direct in the ground shall be laid in prepared trenches not less than
600mm deep for L.T. cables and of sufficient width to accommodate the number
and size of cables required. There shall be a layer of compacted sand not less than
25mm thick as bedding. After the cables have been laid, sand shall be spread over
the cables covering the entire length and width of the trench to a minimum
thickness of 25mm above the largest cable and leveled. The sand used shall be
fine river sand with no stones included. A layer of bricks shall be placed over the
cables. Backfilling shall be made with first quality material and well compacted
where cable trenches run across turfed area and roadways. The turfing and
reinstatement of the road shall be properly carried out to the C&S Specification
requirement. Wherever possible cables shall be laid in continuous unjointed
lengths for the entire length of the cable route. Where joining of cable is
unavoidable, this cost shall be deemed to have been included in the cabling cost.
Cables shall be properly jointed to ensure full conductivity at rated current. The
Project Director reserves the right to reject cables in short lengths below 27.5
metres.
4.0

P.V.C. Insulated Cables And Cable Runs


Cables used for indoor lighting shall be PVC insulated to B.S. 6004 run in heavily
galvanised, rigid, steel conduit or in steel trunking. PVC/SWA/PVC cables run on
steel cable trays shall be used for motors and power circuits. All the cables shall
be adequately sized, taking into account of voltage drop, to carry the full load of
the equipment.
Cables shall be delivered to the site in unbroken coils with the original wrapping
intact. All wires or cables in which kinks or abrasions have occurred will be
condemned and shall be replaced by the Contractor at his own expense.
All cables cores shall be distinguishing colours in accordance with local authority
regulations.
Cables on walls shall run vertically or horizontally only. Vertical cable runs shall
not be more than 300mm from ceiling level 150mm from the underside of beams.
Cables running above ceilings shall be adequately supported in conduits and
trunkings. There shall as far as possible be no joints in cables between
termination. Where joints are required due to length exceeding 100m appropriate
joint boxes specifically designed for this purpose shall be used.

5.0

Steel Conduit System


Steel conduits and fittings shall be manufactured in accordance with B.S. 31,
heavy-gauge galvanised screwed type. Conduits shall be of adequately capacity
for the sizes and number of cables to be contained therein.
Conduit systems shall be mechanically and electrically continuous and watertight
throughout. They shall be provided with adequate inspection-type fittings, which
shall be so installed that they remain accessible.

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All conduits shall terminate on proper conduit fittings and there shall be no
unterminated conduit ends. All conduits shall be adequately supported.
6.0

Steel Trunking
Steel trunking shall be constructed of 16 SWG and cover plates of 14 SWG with
flanged edges and of best quality mild steel sheet. The trunking shall be painted
with a primer and two coats of semi-gloss gray or other approved colour.
Removable covers shall be provided at suitable intervals to facilitate the drawingin or removal of cables at any time. Steel hangers, brackets or other approved
fixing media shall be provided at suitable intervals. If necessary, vertical trunkings
shall be supplied in lengths to suit the installation. Joints and bends shall be so
constructed that cables can be conveniently drawn through. Steel trunking where
used on floor slab or to the damp environment shall be of weatherproof
construction.

7.0

Steel Cable Tray


Cable trays shall be of the perforated type and constructed of minimum 16 gauge
galvanised mild steel. The trays shall be supported at 1 metre intervals by mild
steel hangers of adequate strength fixed to walls or ceiling slabs in an approved
manner. The width of the cable trays shall be sufficient to allow the numbers of
cable to be run, evenly spaced without overlapping and with spare room to
accommodate 10% future increase in number of cables. Spacing between cables
shall be half the diameter of the largest adjacent cable. Cable clamps shall be
provided at 2 metres centres on horizontal run and 1 metre centres for vertical
run.
All cable trays shall be effectively bonded to earth with suitable earth continuity
conductors.

8.0

Wiring System Of Final Circuits


All wiring shall be executed in accordance with the design drawings of the
Engineer.
The loop-in wiring system shall be used.
Cable sizes for final sub-circuits shall be adequate to carry the loads required and
shall be in accordance with the I.E.E. requirements.
Each motor/control circuit or group motor/control circuit shall be fed from the
M.C.C. through switchgear. The connections between the motors and starters
shall include a bend to allow for any vibration or realigning of the motor.

9.0

Motor Starters

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Starters for motors shall be in accordance with B.S. 587 and as a guide shall be as
follows: Type

Motor

Direct-on-line

0 to 7.5kW squirrel cage

Star-delta or auto-transformer

Over 7.5 to 25kW squirrel cage

Electronic soft-starter

Over 25 to 110kW squirrel cage

Stator-Rotor resistance

Over 110kW slip-ring

All starters shall be of the contactor type suitable for remote control with no-volt
releases and thermal or magnetic overload relays in each phase and is suitable for
fully automatic operation in tropical conditions.
Star delta starters shall have air break triple pole electromagnetic Line
contactor fitted with the necessary auxiliary contacts, closing-holding coil,
adjustable thermal overload relay per phase with resetting device which shall be
accessible from the outside, airbreak triple pole STAR and DELTA contacts
fitted with the necessary auxiliary contacts. The star and delta contactors are to
be electrically and mechanically interlocked. Overload relays are to be connected
in the delta position to give inherent single-phase protection.
Stator rotor resistance starters shall have multiple contactors which accelerate the
rotor by shorting out sections of the starting resistor under the control of time
delay relays and consist of a starter resistor, contact unit, air interlocking contact,
a thermal contact and a temperature fuse, The starter resistor shall be air-cooled
and consist of rustless unbreakable resistor grids mounted between sheet steel
and frames. The interlocking contact shall prevent the motor from being started
up unless all resistance or reactance are in circuit. The thermal contact shall open
the under-voltage trip circuit when the temperature exceeds 90 oC. Overload
relays shall be wired to give inherent single-phase protection. Suitable earth
leakage circuit breakers shall also be provided.
Each starter shall be equipped with auxiliary contacts for wiring to a green pilot
light to indicate the live condition of the out-going circuit and a red pilot when
the motor is tripped due to overload, push buttons and hand-auto-off selector
switch and wired to remote control console.
Each starter shall be entirely suitable for frequent starting of up to 15 starts per
hour. Each starter shall incorporate a H.R.C. fuse and fitted with an isolating
switch in the distribution fuse board.
All contactors, starters, relays and controllers for the motors shall be grouped
together in the control consoles.
All incoming and outgoing circuits and wiring shall be brought to the contactors,
starters, relays and controllers via. insulated terminal strips mounted within the
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consoles and all wiring between terminal strips and electrical equipment inside the
consoles shall be neatly run and taped .
10.0

Contactors
Contactors where specified shall be totally enclosed, quick action type and of
robust construction. They shall be adequately rated to take the full load current of
the circuit.

11.0

Time Switches
Time switches shall be of the electricity wound type Venner or other approved
makes with a 24 hours dial provided with setting adjustment. Time switch shall be
enclosed in metal casing fitted with a removable panel with viewing glass and
complete with by-pass switch suitable for the full load current of the circuits.

12.0

Automatic Power Factor Correction Panel


The capacitor banks and control equipments shall be housed in a floor standing
steel cabinet connected to main switchboard. The capacitor banks shall be totally
enclosed with dust-tight and hose-proof terminal boxes. Construction and finishes
of the panel shall be identical to that for switchboards. The panel shall be
adequately ventilated. The power factor correction board shall either be an
integral part of the main switchboard or be separate cubicle boards as stated on
the relevant Schematic Diagrams.
Each power factor correction board shall generally comprise the following
components: a)

A suitable, T.P & N fuse-switch unit, or ACB or MCCB for controlling


the incoming supply or busbar connection to the board. Where power
factor correction boards are mounted externally of switchboards, then an
incoming-supply controlling isolator shall be fixed on the power factor
correction board with a suitable fuse-switch unit or ACB or MCCB
mounted on the switchboard controlling the outgoing supply to the power
factor correction board.

b)

A flush-mounted type, automatic power factor regulator unit of approved


type, complete with a current transformer of suitable burden, ratio and
class, for installation on the busbars of the circuit which requires power
factor correction. The regulator shall be fitted with 6 or 12 switching
steps as the case may be, to cater for switching in the number of capacitor
units in the capacitor bank.

c)

The required number of capacitor units to form the capacitor bank shall
be built-in with the cubicle. Each capacitor unit shall be manufactured in
accordance with BS 1650 and housed in its own steel container

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comprising a vertically - arranged stack of flattened roll capacitor


elements of high purity aluminium foil, separated with multiple layers of
high-grade dielectric tissue. The steel container shall be internally lined
with a high grade insulating board. Each capacitor unit is to be fitted with
a built-in discharge in not more than a minute after the electricity supply is
switched-off. The terminals of each capacitor unit shall be glazed ceramic
or other approved insulating materials. The impregnant which shall be
non-flammable and the whole shall be hermetically sealed within the
container.
If it is stated on the Schematic Diagrams that capacitor units are to be
added to the bank in the future to cater for increased load, then sufficient
space shall be allocated in the cubicle to allow for the future installation of
such capacitors units. All capacitor units shall have appropriate voltage
and frequency ratings to suit the voltage and frequency of the supply to
which they are connected.
13.0

Exterior Lighting
Exterior lighting will be required for the mixing chamber, flocculation channels,
sedimentation tanks, filters, roadways car park and site. The types and positions
of the lighting fittings shall be suitable and adequate for the functions.
All exterior lighting shall be controlled by time switches with contactors and
manual overriding by-pass switches. the underground cables shall be PVCinsulated, steel wire armouring and P.V.C. served with annealed copper
conductors (PVC/SWA/PVC). Where underground cables terminate in a column,
the loop-in and out system shall be adopted.
Steel poles for outdoor lighting shall generally conform to B.S. 5649 and shall
have adequate strength to carry the designed load with a safety factor of 2.5
when subject to a wind velocity of 96 km.p.h. at right angles to the poles.
All poles shall be provided with square base plates measuring not less than 1 1/2
times the largest diameter of the poles. Weather proof compartments and access
door covers shall be provided to house the control gear and looping boxes. In
soft or unstable ground, the bottom of excavation shall be provided with precast
or cast-in-to concrete slabs of adequate dimensions to spread the pole load. Steel
poles at a depth of 600mm below ground level. The steel poles shall be of
minimum height 9.15M with 1.5M buried in ground. Access for cable entry shall
be provided in the steel poles at a depth of 600mm below ground level. The steel
poles shall be complete with outdoor lighting fittings, lamps, control gear, H.R.C.
fuses and fuse holders, switch fuses, looping boxes, wiring base plates, etc. The
steel poles shall be hot dipped galvanised internally and externally in accordance
to B.S. 729.

14.0

Lighting Fittings

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Lighting fittings shall generally be in accordance with the types and sizes as given
hereof. All fittings shall be supplied and installed complete with fluorescent tubes
and necessary accessories, readily detachable and accessible for cleaning,
maintenance and replacement.
The types and numbers or lighting fittings and power socket-outlets for the
various locations are shown in the drawings.
15.0

Switches
Switches shall be to B.S. 3676 rated at 5 amps or 15 amps as appropriate for the
respective circuit. All sub-circuit switches shall be of the quick make and break
type.
Generally all switches for lighting circuits shall be flush mounting for concealed
wiring and surface-mounting for surface wiring. Flush switch cover plates shall be
of approved white coloured moulded plastic of the break resistant material such
as polycarbonate.
Adjacent switches shall be grouped under one cover plate and the switch boxes
shall be suitable for the number of switches required.
Mounting height for lighting switches shall be 1,350mm above finished floor
level.

16.0

Power Switch Socket-Outlets


Where the wiring is concealed, switch socket-outlets and wiring accessories shall
be of the flush-mounting type.
Switch socket-outlets and plugs located inside the buildings shall be of the 13
amps 3 pin shuttered and switched type sockets with metal plates either of brass
or anodised aluminium complete with fused unbreakable plugs with an efficient
cable grip.
Switches socket-outlets and plugs located outside the buildings shall be of the 15
amps 3 pin metal-clad watertight switched type sockets complete with plugs
having an adjustable cable grip and packed gland capable of taking a flexible
heavy workshop cable.
Mounting heights of switch socket-outlets shall be as specified.

17.0

Item no not used.

18.0

Telephone Installation

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18.1

General
The Contractor must be registered with Telekom Malaysia Berhad (TMB) and
shall supply, deliver, install and connect a complete key telephone system c/w
telephone distribution boxes, trunking, conduit, telephone socket outlets,
manholes and cabling to TMB Standards and requirements. The equipment
capacity is 8 exchange lines and 20 extensions..

18.2

Telephone Distribution Boxes


The Contractor shall be responsible for the supply and installation of telephone
distribution boxes and trunking as shown on the drawings strictly in accordance
with the relevant TMB specification and instructions.
All distribution boxes shall be provided with earth connection by means of having
a separate terminal. Wiring termination blocks shall be the jack in type.
The earth connection should be extended to the MDF. The telephone distribution
boxes shall be located at a height 625mm above floor level or as required by
TMB.

18.3

Earthing Of Telephone System


The Contractor shall be responsible to provide a separate earthing system for the
entire telephone installation. This earth system shall consist of concrete earth
electrode pit c/w earth electrodes. The earth resistance value measured at the DF
earthing bar shall be less than 3 ohm or to TMB requirement.

18.4

Internal Telephone Trunking And Wiring


There shall be a comprehensive system of internal telephone trunking and wiring
in the buildings as detailed in the drawings.
All work shall be to the requirements and approval of TMB.
Internal MS trunking and G.I. conduit shall be completed with draw wire. The
sizes and thickness of these items shall be to TMBs requirement. The junction
boxes and telephone socket outlets shall be fabricated from mild steel and hot
dipped galvanised to B.S. 729.
Internal telephone wiring shall be 10 lbs multi pairs pvc insulated type. Each cable
shall have minimum 3 pairs.

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The Contractor shall be responsible for all the necessary wiring of telephone
cables from the distribution frame to the distribution boxes and from the
distribution boxes to the various telephone socket outlets.
The type of distribution boxes is different at localities as shown in the drawings.
All telephone wiring points shall terminate at TMB approved sockets outlets.
18.5

External Underground Telephone Ductings, Junction Pits, Manholes And


Cabling
The Contractor shall be responsible for the supply and installation of all the
telephone cables from the cabinet to distribution boxes in different localities as
detailed in the drawings. The Contractor shall also the responsible for the
excavation, backfilling and reinstatement of all the trenches for the telephone
underground ducts from nearest TMB manhole to equipment room.
The Contractor must obtain the approval of the local Authorities before any
excavation of the public road. He shall be fully responsible for the control of
traffic, road safety and signages. The work may be required to be carried out on
Sunday or after mid-night in order not to disrupt traffic. Compaction of
backfilling must in layers of not more than 150mm and subsidence of
reinstatement is not permitted. The whole works must be completed within 24
hours. Manholes shall consist of R2A, JC9C and JC9 types to TMB
Specifications.
External telephone cables shall be 10 lbs multi-pairs pvc insulated, fully filled and
lead sheathed type.

18.6

Telephone Socket Outlet


Telephone socket outlet shall be of the flush type, single outlet housed in flush
mounting metal box c/w conduit knockouts. The telephone plate shall be of
impact resistance polycarbonate complete with 1 gang 6 pin connector. Telephone
plate for public telephone point shall be of impact resistance polycarbonate with
cord grip.
The whole of the telephone trunking, conduit system and telephone socket
outlets
shall meet the requirements of TMB.

18.7

Test

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Before test of any materials or equipment are undertaken, the Contractor shall
submit to the Project Director for approval a detailed inspection schedule
covering all aspects of inspection, works and site testing.
During the progress of the work and prior to Commissioning the Contractor shall
carry out all test required by TMB and the Engineer. He shall provide test
certificate and Certificate of Fitness for all equipment as may required by the
Local Authorities or the Project Director and shall provide all necessary tools,
instrument and equipment for conducting site tests. All fees imposed by the
Authorities for such tests shall be borne by the Contractor.
In general the Contractor shall be responsible for the testing of all equipment and
certifying that such equipment is safe before commissioning and that all the
equipment complies with the requirements of the Specification.

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