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Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 15.0
February 2009
© 2009 Tekla Corporation

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Contents
Preface .............................................................................................................17
Audience ........................................................................................................................................................... 17
Additional help resources .................................................................................................................................. 17
Conventions used in this guide ......................................................................................................................... 18
Related guides .................................................................................................................................................. 19

1

Basics of Tekla Structures ..................................................................... 21
1.1

About Tekla Structures ......................................................................................................................... 21
Main features ...................................................................................................................................
Configurations..................................................................................................................................
Roles ................................................................................................................................................
Languages .......................................................................................................................................
Environments ...................................................................................................................................
Single-user mode vs multi-user mode..............................................................................................

1.2

Interface overview................................................................................................................................. 24
Starting Tekla Structures..................................................................................................................
Exiting Tekla Structures ...................................................................................................................
Changing the language of the user interface ...................................................................................
Tekla Structures editors ...................................................................................................................
Toolbars ...........................................................................................................................................
Moving a toolbar ........................................................................................................................
Mini Toolbar .....................................................................................................................................
Customizing Mini Toolbar ..........................................................................................................
Dialog boxes ....................................................................................................................................
Dialog box elements ..................................................................................................................
Common buttons .......................................................................................................................
Tabs ..........................................................................................................................................
Save, Load, Save as .................................................................................................................
Saving dialog box properties .....................................................................................................
Loading dialog box properties ...................................................................................................
Tooltips.............................................................................................................................................
Status bar.........................................................................................................................................
Warning messages ..........................................................................................................................

1.3

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Using commands .................................................................................................................................. 34

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15

3

Running a command ........................................................................................................................ 34
Repeating a command ..................................................................................................................... 34
Ending a command .......................................................................................................................... 35
1.4

Creating and modifying objects............................................................................................................. 35
Setting object properties...................................................................................................................
Creating an object ............................................................................................................................
Modifying an object ..........................................................................................................................
Deleting an object.............................................................................................................................

1.5

Selecting objects................................................................................................................................... 36
Switching rollover highlight on or off.................................................................................................
Selection switches............................................................................................................................
Model Editor selection switches .................................................................................................
Drawing Editor selection switches .............................................................................................
Selecting single objects....................................................................................................................
Selecting multiple objects.................................................................................................................
Selecting handles .............................................................................................................................
Selecting assemblies and cast units ................................................................................................
Selecting nested assemblies and components ................................................................................
Modifying the selection.....................................................................................................................
Interrupting object selection .............................................................................................................

1.6

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Copying and moving objects................................................................................................................. 43
Duplicate objects ..............................................................................................................................
Copying an object.............................................................................................................................
Copying an object using coordinates .........................................................................................
Copying an object linearly to a new position ..............................................................................
Copying an object using drag-and-drop .....................................................................................
Copying an object to another plane ...........................................................................................
Copying an object to another object ..........................................................................................
Copying objects from another model .........................................................................................
Moving an object ..............................................................................................................................
Moving an object using coordinates ..........................................................................................
Moving an object linearly to a new position ...............................................................................
Moving an object using drag-and-drop ......................................................................................
Moving an object to another plane .............................................................................................
Moving an object to another object ............................................................................................
Rotating objects................................................................................................................................
Rotating an object on the work plane ........................................................................................
Rotating an object in the z direction ...........................................................................................
Mirroring an object............................................................................................................................

1.7

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Snapping to positions............................................................................................................................ 50
Snap zone ........................................................................................................................................ 50
Snap depth ....................................................................................................................................... 51

4

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15

Snap switches..................................................................................................................................
Main snap switches ...................................................................................................................
Other snap switches ..................................................................................................................
Overriding the current snap switch ............................................................................................
Switching Xsnap on or off ..........................................................................................................
Snapping in orthogonal directions....................................................................................................
Snapping to part extension lines ......................................................................................................
Creating a temporary reference point ..............................................................................................
Locking a coordinate ........................................................................................................................
Snapping to a position using coordinates ........................................................................................
Tracking .....................................................................................................................................
Coordinate input options ...........................................................................................................
Defining a snap grid .........................................................................................................................

2

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Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 59
2.1

Creating 3D models .............................................................................................................................. 59
What is a 3D model..........................................................................................................................
Creating a new model ......................................................................................................................
Updating project information ............................................................................................................
Opening a model..............................................................................................................................
Saving a model ................................................................................................................................
Saving a model with a different name or location ......................................................................
Model templates...............................................................................................................................
Creating a model template ........................................................................................................

2.2

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Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 65
Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 66
Background color examples............................................................................................................. 66

2.3

Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 68
Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 69
Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 69

2.4

Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 70
Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 70
Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 71
Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 71

2.5

Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 71

2.6

Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 72
Grid coordinates...............................................................................................................................
Grid labels ........................................................................................................................................
Creating a grid..................................................................................................................................
Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................
Deleting a grid ..................................................................................................................................

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15

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5

....................................................................... Representation options in rendered views ...................................................................... 84 Creating a construction plane........................................................................................................................................ 85 Creating a construction circle ..... Creating grid views ...........................................................................................................................................7 Views........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Grid lines ................................................ Modifying reference model properties ................................................................................................................................ 87 Inserting a reference model....................................... 2............................................. Detecting changes in a reference model............................................ Switching between 3D and plane view................................ 2.................................................................................................................................................................... View planes ............................................................................................................................................................................... 87 88 88 88 89 89 89 90 91 92 92 3 Creating and Modifying Structures ........................................................................................................................................................ Arranging views..................................... Highlighting a reference model................................................................................. Modifying a view....................................................................9 Points ...... Modifying a single grid line ............................................................................................. 86 2....................................................................................... Deleting a single grid line ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................... Deleting a view ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a single grid line ......................................................................................................................................................................... Selecting a reference model......................................................................................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................................................................ Selecting a reference model object ....................................................................................................................................... 95 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 ....................................................................... About naming views ........................................................................................................................................................... Hiding a reference model ........................................................................................................................................................... 86 Creating a point ............................................. 86 Importing points................. Refreshing views ............ Reference model objects .......................................8 74 74 75 75 75 77 77 79 80 81 81 81 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 Construction objects............................................................................................................................................................Changing the grid color ... Opening a view............................................................. 76 View type............................................................................................................................................................................. 85 Point properties ............................................................................................... Updating reference models ............................................... 84 Creating a construction line..................................................................... Switching between open views ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects ................................................................................................................................................................... 85 2........................................................... Creating a view........10 Reference models..................................................

................................................................ 113 Assembly examples .......... Adding parts to an assembly ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Bending ................................................................. End offsets .................................................................................................................................... 97 User-defined profiles .................................................................................... Vertical position .................................................... 101 3................................................................................. 96 Profiles ........................................................................... Creating an assembly ................................................................................................................................................................ 99 User-defined attributes............................................................ 97 Parametric profiles ........................................................................................................................................ 96 Standard profiles ............................................................................... 97 Changing the profile of a part ................................................................................................................. Horizontal position .......................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Part labels ...4 101 102 102 102 103 104 105 105 106 107 108 109 110 110 111 111 112 112 113 Assemblies ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Levels ........... Creating a twin profile .......................................................................................................................................................... Showing part reference lines in model views ..... Creating a contour plate................................. Assembly hierarchy................................ 3........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 98 Colors......................................................................................................3........................ Rotation ......................................................................................................................................................................2 Part position................................................ Creating a round contour plate............................................................... Creating an orthogonal beam............................... Creating a curved beam................................................................. 3.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 113 114 115 115 116 116 116 7 ..................................................................... Adding objects to assemblies............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 100 Showing part labels in a view ............................................................................................. Creating a sub-assembly ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 97 Materials.................................................................................... Creating a steel column .......................................... 98 Changing the material of a part ................................................................................................................................................... 109 Creating a steel beam ........................... Creating a nested assembly ............................................................................................................... Creating a steel polybeam ............................................................................................................................................ Position depth ...... 95 Part types................................................ Position on the work plane ......................................................................................................................................... Modifying the position of a part ... 101 Moving a part using handles ..................................................................3 Steel parts.........................................1 Parts .........

............................................................................................................................................................................................................ Showing the top-in-form face ........................ Casting direction.............................................................................................................................................................................................. Copying a cast unit................................. Highlighting objects in an assembly ........................................................................................................................................... Defining the cast unit type ............................................... 122 Creating a cast unit ...................... Changing or adding bolted parts ................................................................................................................... Removing objects from an assembly ............................................................................................................................................... Bolt catalog...................................................................................................................................................................................... Removing objects from a cast unit .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3.............................. Changing the cast unit main part............................................................................................................. 4 116 117 117 117 118 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 128 128 129 130 131 131 132 132 132 132 133 ....................................................... Exploding a cast unit ................................................................................... Creating a round slab ............................................................................................................................................................. Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ........................................................Joining assemblies ............................................ 8 118 119 119 120 120 120 121 121 Cast units .............................................................................................................................................. Changing the main assembly .................. Creating a bolt group......................................................................................................6 122 122 122 123 123 123 123 124 124 124 124 125 Detailing Structures ............... 127 Bolt group shape ...................... Bolt group position......... Changing the assembly main part......................................................... Creating a concrete slab .... Defining the casting direction of a part .......................................................................................... Bolt offsets......................................... 118 Creating a pad footing ............ Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit . Creating a concrete polybeam ................................ Creating a concrete panel ............................................................................ Adding concrete objects to a cast unit.................................................. Using bolts to create assemblies........................................ Creating new bolts by modifying existing ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Highlighting objects in a cast unit ........................................................................................................... 3...........1 Bolts ..................................................................................................... Exploding an assembly ................................................................................................................ 127 4................................................. Bolt length .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a single bolt.................................... Creating a concrete column ..................... Creating a concrete beam ..................... Creating a strip footing ..............................................................5 Concrete parts.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Chamfering part corners ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Surface treatment on chamfered parts...................4 Surface treatment ........................................ Cutting parts with a polygon ............. Adding surface treatment to a part face ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Fittings....... Cutting parts with a line .................................................................................. Line cuts ...................................................................................................................................... 133 Creating round holes......................................... Polygon cuts ........................................................................................................ Tile pattern definitions ..... Creating new tile patterns ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 134 Creating slotted holes ......... Creating a polygon weld........................................ 141 Modifying surface treatment properties.........2 Holes................................. Creating a weld between parts................................................. Tiled surface treatment ....................5 136 137 138 138 139 139 140 140 140 141 142 142 142 142 143 143 144 145 145 146 146 149 Fine-tuning part shape...................................... Adding surface treatment to a selected area ............................................................................................... 4............................................................................................................................................................................................................... Tile pattern elements ............................................................................................................................................... Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ................ Chamfering part edges ... 135 Weld position.......................... Weld size prefixes ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Preparing parts for welding ...........................................................3 Welds.............................................................................................................. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 149 150 150 151 152 153 153 154 154 154 155 155 156 9 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ................................... Part cuts ...................................................................................................................................................... 134 Creating oversized holes....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a weld to a part.... Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part...... Cuts.......... Adding surface treatment to cut faces............................... Polybeam chamfers ............................................................................ Creating new surface treatment options ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4.......................................................................................................................................................... Corner chamfer types and dimensions ............................................................................................................ Using welds to create assemblies.......... 149 Chamfers........................................................................................................ 135 4................................................................................................4.. Creating a fitting ...... Weld preparation.................................................................................................................................................. Example pattern definition ....

......................................................................... Saving a screenshot in bitmap format .....................................................Cutting parts with another part .............................................................................................................. 5............................................................................ Creating a screenshot .................... 5......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Warping a beam using deformation angles ........................................................................................ Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista ........................................................................................................................................................................................ Modifying the shape of a polygon....................... Rotating the model ........................................................ Cambering a part ............. Zooming with Magnifier ......................................................................................................3 165 166 166 166 167 168 168 169 170 170 171 171 171 172 172 172 173 Filtering objects............................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ........................................ 165 Zooming the model..................................................................................................................................................................................... Combining two parts into one ........................................... Object property report templates .................................................................................... Using the Custom Inquiry tool .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Inquiring the model................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Creating a clip plane................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Shortening a part ............................................................ 171 Inquiring object properties ....... 173 Filtering objects using a view filter............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 165 5......... Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab ................................................ 174 Filtering objects using a selection filter.................................................... Zoom settings ...................................................................................................... Splitting a plate or slab .................. Shortening parts in drawings............................................................................................................................................ Flying through the model............................................................................................. Warping concrete parts ................... 5 156 157 157 158 158 158 159 159 159 159 160 160 161 162 162 162 163 Examining the Model ............................................................................................. Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Splitting a straight or curved part ..... Splitting parts........................ Attaching a part to another part .................................................................................................................... Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool ............................................................ 174 Creating a view filter............ Lengthening a part . Cambering parts.......1 Viewing the model............................................................. Combining parts ............................................................................................................................ Printing a screenshot ......................................................................................................................................................... Moving the model .................... 174 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 .. Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ................................

......................................................... Wildcards .......................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Creating object groups .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Filtering out reference models ........................................................................................................................................................ Showing parts with exact lines ................. Showing and hiding components ................................................... 191 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 11 ............... Copying visualization settings to another model ...................................................... Filtering examples ..................................................... Example: Creating object representation settings .. Hiding unselected parts ........................................................................................................... Copying an object group to another model ........................................................................................................ Deleting an object group .............................................. Filtering parts in specific phases ...........5 179 179 180 180 180 180 181 181 181 182 182 182 183 184 184 Visualizing project status .......................................................................................................................... 190 Measuring objects ...................... Project status visualization example ....................... Filtering beams and columns ................................................................................................................................. Assembly types in filtering....................................... 179 Defining which objects are displayed .................................................................................................................................. 5.................................................................................... Deleting a filter .......................................................................4 Showing and hiding objects ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Hiding parts............................................................. 190 Measuring distances ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ Filtering out parts that have a certain profile ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Copying a filter to another model .............................................. Possible values in filtering............................................................................... Object groups..............................................................................................................................................................Creating a selection filter........................................................................... Showing and hiding assemblies ....................... Deleting object representation settings . Creating an object group . 5............................. Example: Visualizing the erection schedule ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Example: Defining an erection schedule ...................................... Example: Creating visualization settings ................................................6 175 175 175 175 176 176 176 177 177 178 178 178 179 184 185 185 185 185 186 186 187 187 Checking the model ............................... 184 Creating a visualization ............ Hiding selected parts .............................................................................................................................. Deleting visualization settings .................... Creating object representation settings ............................................ Object representation settings ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5............................................ Template attributes in filtering ...................... Bolts and welds in filtering.......................... Copying object representation settings to another model ......................................................................................................................

.............................................1 What is numbering ............................. Reference model clash checking ........... Saving preliminary numbers........ 207 7.................... 6............................Measuring angles .............................. 195 Identical parts ............1 Organizing the model........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Finding distant objects............................. Assigning control numbers to parts ....................................................6 Clearing numbers......................... Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts ........................................................................................ 195 6............... 197 6..........8 Creating a standard part model.............. 207 Creating logical areas.................................................................................................................................................................... Detecting clashes ....................................................................... 195 6................................................................................................................... Control numbers............................................................................................................................. 196 User-defined attributes in numbering ................................................................................................................................................................................ 204 6......7 Viewing the numbering history.................................................................................................................. Changing the family number of an object ................... Comparing parts or assemblies.....................................................4 Numbering series......................................................................................................................... Finding clashes in a model ........... Overlapping numbering series ............................................................................... 205 Advanced Modeling .............................................................................................................................................. Assigning family numbers .................................................................................................................................................................. Reverting to the old clash checking functionality ............................................................................................ Example: Numbering identical beams....................................... Locking and unlocking control numbers ............................................... 196 Identical reinforcements ................................................................. 204 6..................................................... 201 Assigning a numbering series to a part ...........................................................................................................................................................................5 Changing numbers..... 7 198 198 198 198 199 199 200 200 201 201 201 202 202 203 6..........................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Numbering objects .................................. Family numbering example .................... 197 Numbering assemblies and cast units............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Numbering reinforcements ............... 208 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Family numbers.............................................2 What affects numbering ........ Measuring bolt spacing ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Assembly position numbers ................................................................................... 6 191 191 192 192 193 193 194 194 194 Numbering the Model............................. 204 6.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................. Adding constraints to a sketch ................................................................................... 7........... Adding a horizontal constraint ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a coincident constraint ............................................................. Checking the sequence of a part ................................ 211 Custom phase properties .................................................................................... Connection positioning planes .................................................................................................................... Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 212 212 213 213 213 214 214 215 215 Sketched cross sections ........................................ Sketching a circle ... 7......... Adding an angle dimension .... Removing parts from a lot ........................... 211 Dividing the model into phases ................ Part positioning planes ................................................................ Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch .................................................................................................................. 7........................ Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch ...........................................................................................................................................Creating object type categories.......................................................................................................................................................................................... Viewing logical areas and object type categories ......................................................................................................................................................................... Opening the cross section sketch editor ............ Adding parts to a lot .................................................................................................................... 211 7..................3 Sequences............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Deleting logical areas and object type categories............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Deleting a lot ............................ 215 Cross section sketch editor ................................................. Deleting a sequence ............................................................... Creating sketches .......................................................................................... Adding dimensions to a sketch .............................................................................................................. Adding a perpendicular constraint ........................................................................... TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 215 216 216 216 216 217 217 217 217 218 218 218 219 219 220 220 220 221 221 221 222 222 222 13 ................................................................................................................................................................. Modifying logical areas and object type categories........................................................................ Modifying the sequence number of a part.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding parts to a sequence ........................................................................................................................................... Deleting a constraint from a sketch............... Adding a fixed constraint ........ Adding a radial dimension ...... Adding a vertical constraint ..........................................4 Lotting ........................... 211 Creating a sequence ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Sketching a polyline ........................................................................................................................................................2 209 209 210 210 Phases......................................................................................................................................................... 214 Creating a lot......................... Adding a parallel constraint .................. Sketching an arc ................. Defining positioning planes of sketched cross sections ...................

.............................................................................................................................. Moving positioning planes ................................................................................................................................................ 241 8............................................................................................................................................................. Showing and hiding connection positioning planes ................................................................................................... 244 View properties............................................................. Modifying chamfers in a sketch ............................................................................................................................ Orthogonal beam properties................... Creating a picture of a sketched cross section. Screenshot settings............................................................................. Color settings ........................................................................................................................................................................... Testing a sketched cross section .......................... Steel beam properties ........ 244 Grid view properties ..................................................................................................................................................................... 241 Grid properties.....................................................................................................................................................................................................1 General settings....................... Saving a sketched cross section ............................................................................................................... Sketch Browser .................................................................. 235 8 Modeling Settings .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Setting the sketch thickness ............................................................................................. Transparency settings ..... 245 Display settings .............................................................................................................................. 234 Creating variables ................................................................... 234 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures ....................................... Using sketched cross sections in a model ................................................................. 245 8................. Using variables to define cross section properties ............................... 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 247 247 248 249 .............................. Reverting to the default part positioning planes .......................................................................................................................................... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section ............ Cross section extrusion types ...............3 Part properties........................................................................................ Rotation settings..............6 223 223 224 224 225 225 226 226 226 227 228 229 230 231 231 232 232 232 233 Parametric modeling ............... 8................................................................ Contour plate properties........................................................................................2 241 242 242 242 243 243 View settings.. 7............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Exporting sketched cross sections ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Grid line properties .................................. 233 Creating dependencies .................................................... Importing sketched cross sections ....... Reverting to the default connection positioning planes .Showing and hiding part positioning planes ...................................................... Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ............................................................................................... 247 Steel column properties............................................................................................ Modifying sketched cross sections..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................... 263 Copying and moving efficiently .................................................................................................. 264 9............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8...................................... Concrete beam properties.... 263 Activating an overlapping view............................................................................................ 255 Bolt properties............................................. 8.......................................................... 261 9 Modeling Tips ............................................Twin profile properties...............................................................................................1 General modeling tips.................................................................................................................................. Strip footing properties ............................................................................................................................................ Optional ways of placing objects in a model .................................................................................................................................................... Concrete panel properties................................. 259 Weld numbering settings.......................................................................................................... Weld properties ..2 Part positioning tips ... 264 Modifying part length....................................... Creating horizontal parts ....................................................................................4 Detail properties......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Edge chamfer properties....................... Concrete slab properties ........................................................................................................................... 263 9........ 263 Finding RGB values for colors ............ Weld types ...................................................................................................................................................................................... Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern....................... Corner chamfer properties ..................................................... Concrete column properties ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 260 Control number settings ...............................................................5 250 250 251 252 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 Numbering settings........................................................................................................ Pad footing properties.... TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 264 264 265 265 15 ..................................... 259 General numbering settings ......................................................................................

16 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 .

tekla.CHI@Tekla. We assume that you are familiar with the processes of structural engineering. Additional help resources The following resources also provide information about Tekla Structures: Web site http://www. tools. 17) Conventions used in this guide (p.Preface Tekla Structures includes complete documentation in an accessible help system. commands. 17) Additional help resources (p. detailers and designers who model. and design concrete and steel structures.Support.FI@Tekla. 18) Related guides (p.com E-mail Contact your local helpdesk via e-mail: Area office E-mail address China TeklaStructures. The documentation is also available in PDF format. Our online help is a detailed guide to Tekla Structures concepts. analyze.com TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 17 .Support. 19) Audience This guide is aimed at structural engineers.com Finland TeklaStructures. Topics in the Preface are: • • • • Audience (p. with plenty of examples. and features.

hints & tips. Items such as window and dialog box titles.Support.MY@Tekla.com Germany TeklaStructures.FR@Tekla. Convention Usage Bold Bold indicates the names of keyboard keys. appears in monospaced font.GER@Tekla..Support.Area office E-mail address France TeklaStructures.IN@Tekla.com.Support. please report it to your Tekla Structures Reseller using the maintenance request form provided at Help > Tekla on the Web > Maintenance request. marked by different icons. Tekla Extranet Anyone with a current maintenance contract can use Tekla Extranet. field and button names. In most cases the meaning is obvious from the context. HTML. tutorials.tekla.Support. you can check it here.Support. Monospace Extracts of Tekla Structures’s program code.com Middle East TeklaStructures. and more.com. Filenames and folder paths appear in monospace.US@Tekla.com Sweden TeklaStructures. To register.com India TeklaStructures. Italic bold New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time.com Malaysia TeklaStructures.JPN@Tekla.com US TeklaStructures. go to https://extranet. software downloads.com If you believe you have discovered a problem with this software.Support. Also all the text you enter yourself appears in monospaced font. Register now to get free access to our online discussion forums.Support. Noteboxes 18 We use several types of noteboxes. If you are not sure what a certain typeface represents.UK@Tekla. You can also access Tekla Extranet from Tekla Structures by clicking Help > Online Support > Tekla Extranet. Bold is also used for general emphasis in text. and list box items are displayed in this typeface. combo box options. or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor. Please send any comments or suggestions about Tekla Structures documentation to BetC_Documentation@tekla.. Conventions used in this guide Typefaces We use different typefaces for different items in this guide. Arial bold Any text that you see in the user interface appears in Arial bold.ME@Tekla.com UK TeklaStructures. Their functions are shown below: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 .Support..Support.SWE@Tekla.com Japan TeklaStructures.

A tip never contains information that is absolutely necessary. This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers. • System Manual Covers advanced features and how to maintain the Tekla Structures environment. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes. A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. • Analysis Manual How to create loads and run structural analysis. and manage scheduled tasks. This guide is available in English on the Tekla Extranet. like this one. • Detailing Manual How to create reinforcement. store. Related guides Tekla Structures includes a comprehensive help system in a series of online books. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful. You will also receive a printed installation guide with your Tekla Structures installation DVD. or suggest alternative ways of doing things. You should always read very important notes and warnings. • Task Manager User Guide How to create. • TplEd User’s Guide TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 19 . or wasting your time. • Modeling Manual How to create a physical model. and details. You are never required to understand this kind of information. • Drawing Manual How to create and edit drawings. and link the tasks to their corresponding model objects. connections.A tip might introduce a shortcut.

How to create and edit report and drawing templates. • SymEd User’s Guide How to use the SymEd graphical interface to manipulate symbols. • Installation Troubleshooting Guide Printed booklet explaining how to install Tekla Structures. 20 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 .

You can automatically produce drawings and reports from the 3D model. This increases accuracy and quality. at the same time. and automatic drawing creation.1 About Tekla Structures Tekla Structures is a tool for structural engineers. You and your partners can work together on the same model. It is an integrated model-based 3D solution for managing multi-material databases (steel. structural analysis and design. 36) Copying and moving objects (p. 59) Main features Tekla Structures includes the following features: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 21 . See also What is a 3D model (p. 21) Interface overview (p. concrete. Drawings and reports react to modifications in the model. Contents • • • • • • • About Tekla Structures (p. because you always use the most up-to-date information. etc. detailers.1 Basics of Tekla Structures This section provides an overview of the Tekla Structures user interface and its basic features. 35) Selecting objects (p. 43) Snapping to positions (p. Tekla Structures features interactive modeling. 50) 1. 34) Creating and modifying objects (p. It also explains how to use common commands. and fabricators. even in different locations. timber.). You can also create your own templates using the Template Editor. Tekla Structures includes a wide range of standard drawing and report templates. and are always up to date. at any time. Tekla Structures supports multiple users working on the same project. 24) Using commands (p.

such as beams. The list of roles may be different in each environment. Capability to undo and redo changes you have made. and slabs. details. and MicroStation. but typically the following roles are available: • • • • • • 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures All Contractor Engineer Multimaterial Detailer Precast Concrete Detailer Steel Detailer . • A custom component editor that you can use to create your own parametric connections. Modeling tools to create complex structures. The user interface has been customized for each role. columns.• • • • • Easy modeling of basic structures. Data output for CNC machines. and adapted to local standards and requirements. and parts. and revert to the original if needed.0. Useful modeling aids. Intelligent connections. see Tekla Structures configurations Roles In some environments. such as staircases and trusses. select the configuration you want to use. Catalogs of available material grades. when you start Tekla Structures 15. Configurations Tekla Structures is available in different configurations to suit the various players in the construction industry: When you log in to Tekla Structures. such as end plates and clip angles. • Links to transfer data between Tekla Structures and other software. such as AutoCAD. profiles. See also For details of what each configuration contains. so that you can test solutions. STAAD. such as 3D grids and an adjustable work area. • • • Drawing tools to create several drawings with one click. and bolts. you can select a role you want to use. • Tekla Structures is available in a wide range of languages. to automatically connect main members.

See also Changing the language of the user interface (p. It defines which profiles. 25) Environments The environment means region-specific settings and information. Multimaterial Detailer combines the roles of Precast Concrete Detailer and Steel Detailer. material grades. 25) Languages When you install Tekla Structures. The default language for the user interface is the language in which in which you installed Tekla Structures.0 software is available in the following languages: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Chinese – simplified (chs) Chinese – traditional (cht) Czech (csy) Dutch (nld) English (enu) French (fra) German (deu) Hungarian (hun) Italian (ita) Japanese (jpn) Polish (plk) Portuguese (ptg) Portuguese – Brazilian (ptb) Russian (rus) Spanish (esp) Some language-dependent file and folder names include the abbreviations listed above. and templates you use. reports.All is a combination of all roles. The environments available in Tekla Structures 15.0 are: • • • • • • • • • • • Default environment Australasia Austria Brazil China Czech Finland France Germany Greece Hungary TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 23 . you can choose the environments you want to use. variables. When you install Tekla Structures. wizards. Tekla Structures 15. default values. you can choose the languages you want to use. connections. See also Starting Tekla Structures (p.

See also Tekla Structures editors (p.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • India Italy Japan Korea Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Russia South Africa South America South-East Asia Spain Sweden Switzerland (French) Switzerland (German) Switzerland (Italian) Taiwan United Kingdom United States (Imperial) United States (Metric) Single-user mode vs multi-user mode Tekla Structures can be used in either single-user or multi-user mode.2 Interface overview This section provides an overview of the Tekla Structures user interface and its basic features. To run Tekla Structures in multi-user mode. We recommend that you only run Tekla Structures in multi-user mode if the users will make use of the additional features of multi-user mode. 28) Tooltips (p. When one user at a time is to work with a model. only one user can work with each model at any time. you can choose to run Tekla Structures in multi-user mode. one machine in the network has to be set up as a server running the Tekla Structures server program. In single-user mode. See also Multi-user mode 1. 32) 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . Tekla Structures should be run in single-user mode. 27) Dialog boxes (p. If several users will work with a model simultaneously. 25) Toolbars (p. 26) Mini Toolbar (p.

• Custom Component Editor TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 25 . 2. 6.0 menu item and click the Tekla Structures 15. 4. do one of the following: • Click the Close button • Click File > Exit.Status bar (p. The languages you can switch between are the languages you chose when you installed Tekla Structures. 3. Select the environment. Changing the language of the user interface You can change the language of the Tekla Structures user interface at any time. Select a language from the Language list box. role. A confirmation dialog box appears and you can choose whether or not to save the model. Languages (p. 33) Warning messages (p. and initiate drawing and report creation using the Model Editor.0 icon.. 3. Click OK. Click Tools > Change Language. To start Tekla Structures: 1. 2. Tekla Structures opens the Drawing Editor when you open any drawing. To change the language of the user interface: See also 1. 4. Click All Programs. • Drawing Editor In the Drawing Editor. Go to the Tekla Structures 15. You create and analyze models. 5. you work with drawings. Click the Windows Start button. Wait for the login dialog box to appear. in the upper-right corner of the Tekla Structures window. Click OK. 34) Starting Tekla Structures Once you have installed Tekla Structures you are ready to start using it. Restart Tekla Structures for the change to take effect. Exiting Tekla Structures To exit Tekla Structures. and license you want to use. 23) Tekla Structures editors Tekla Structures includes the following editors: • Model Editor The Model Editor is the main and starting mode of Tekla Structures..

See also Creating a user-defined toolbar Moving a toolbar Toolbars can either be floating or docked.In the Custom Component Editor. • Symbol Editor In the Symbol Editor (SymEd). creating views. To open the Symbol Editor. you can create your own connections. the General toolbar contains basic commands for creating... reports. To show or hide a toolbar. and so on. creating reports. click Tools > Toolbars and click the toolbar name. To open the Custom Component Editor. • Template Editor Use the Template Editor (TplEd) to create and modify templates used in drawings and reports. opening and saving a model. To move a toolbar. do any of the following: 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . printing.. For example. and templates. details. click Tools > Templates. copying and moving objects.e. Toolbars The toolbars contain buttons that give easy access to some of the most frequently-used commands.. and parts. and define their properties. select a component and click Detailing > Edit custom component. located at the edge of the program window. To open the Template Editor. in the Model or Drawing Editor. You can build in dependencies between objects to make custom components parametric and have them adapt to changes in the model. click Tools > Symbols. Visible toolbars have a check mark beside their name. i. in the Model or Drawing Editor. you can create and modify symbols used in drawings.

You can customize the toolbar by hiding commands. Click OK. See also To remove macros and user-defined attributes from the Mini Toolbar. and by adding macros and user-defined attributes to the toolbar. 26) Mini Toolbar The Mini Toolbar appears next to the mouse pointer when you select an object in a model. Include macros and user-defined attributes in the Mini Toolbar. and then drag the edge of the toolbar. The Mini Toolbar contains commands for modifying the most common object properties. Toolbars (p. to open the Customize Mini Toolbar dialog box. To show or hide the Mini Toolbar. 27) Customizing Mini Toolbar You can customize the Mini Toolbar by selecting which commands are visible. and drag the toolbar to a new location. Select an object and move the mouse pointer on the Mini Toolbar. a Select a macro or user-defined attribute in the list of macros and user-defined attributes. Drag a toolbar beyond the program window Hold down the Ctrl key while dragging the toolbar. Click 3. 27) Changing user-defined fields TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 27 . c 5. and adding macros and user-defined attributes. unselect them in the list of visible elements. Select the elements you wish to show or hide. Mini Toolbar (p. 4. The toolbar remains floating. The added macros and user-defined attributes are shown in the list of visible elements. Resize a floating toolbar Hold the mouse pointer over an edge of the toolbar until the pointer changes into a double-ended arrow. b Click Add to Mini Toolbar after each selected macro and user-defined attribute.See also To Do this Move a toolbar Click the handle on the left or upper edge of a docked toolbar (or the title bar of a floating toolbar). See also Customizing Mini Toolbar (p. 2. To customize the Mini Toolbar: 1. The Preview field shows what the toolbar will look like. click Tools > Options > Mini Toolbar.

Dialog boxes You can use dialog boxes to modify object properties.... The following image illustrates the most common elements in dialog boxes: List box for saved properties Tabs Modify filter check boxes Retains the properties and closes the dialog box Retains the properties without closing the dialog box 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . If you click any command or a button that has three dots in its name. Tekla Structures displays the appropriate dialog box. for example Select.

click the appropriate button. drag the pointer to highlight the desired option. enter. When a check box is selected. To select an option. point to the list you want to display. and modify information. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 29 . List box A collection of options in a list. click. Field Use to display. Radio button Related settings that allow only one selection at a time. and then single-click.Modifies the selected objects without retaining the properties Fills the dialog box with the properties of the selected object Toggles all the modify filter check boxes on and off Closes the dialog box without retaining the properties or modifying the objects Buttons Fields Dialog box elements Dialog boxes may have the following elements: Element Example Description Button Click the button to run a command immediately. Check box Settings that can be set in any combination are usually displayed as small square buttons. An I-shaped blinking cursor appears at the beginning of the field and marks your typing position. Click the field to activate it. Modify filter check box The check boxes located in front of the dialog box fields indicate the properties that are modified when you click the Modify button. Tekla Structures changes only the corresponding value of the selected objects. To select an option.

Multiple selection list A list of options. Enter characters from the name of the object you are looking for. The common buttons are: Button Description Retains the properties in the dialog box without closing the dialog box. Displays the help topics for the dialog box. Creates a new object using the properties in the dialog box. The list can have both horizontal and vertical scrollbars for scrolling the visible portion of the list items. it is highlighted. and press Enter. Fills the dialog box with the properties of the selected object. Moving from tab to tab does not affect the information they contain. Modifies the selected objects using the properties in the dialog box. • Use the Down and Up arrow keys to move the highlight to the item you want to select. There are two ways to select an item on the list: • Point to the item you want to select and click. This makes the dialog boxes easier to use. Tekla Structures uses these properties the next time you create an object of this type. Tekla Structures uses these properties the next time you create an object of this type. When you select a list item. Closes the dialog box without retaining the properties in the dialog box or modifying objects. Common buttons Most of the Tekla Structures dialog boxes contain common buttons. These buttons mean the same thing in all dialog boxes. Tekla Structures takes the properties at random from one of the selected objects.Element Example Description Filter Use to filter object names. Toggles all the modify filter check boxes in the dialog box on and off. and then click the Filter button to find the matching names. When you select several objects. but does not retain the properties in the dialog box. Retains the properties in the dialog box and closes the dialog box. 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . See also Dialog box elements (p. 29) Tabs Information in some Tekla Structures dialog boxes has been divided up on several tabs.

Tekla Structures saves all information on all tabs to the designated file. 30) Save. Click Save as. For more information. 3. and Save as buttons. See also Load Loads all previously stored properties to the dialog box. This is important if you add or delete files manually. Tekla Structures stores the properties files in the model folder. enter the properties you want to save. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 31 . and reload it later from the file. 32) Saving dialog box properties To save the properties of a dialog box: 1. 2. In the dialog box. For example. Press Ctrl+Tab to switch between tabs. The file extensions are different for different dialog boxes. Load. when you click Save before closing the dialog box. Save as Many Tekla Structures dialog boxes have the Save. In the field next to the Save as button. You can select the name of the file you want to use from the list box. 31) Loading dialog box properties (p. even if they are not open.The common buttons located at the top and bottom of a dialog box affect all the tabs in the dialog box. You can use these buttons to save the information from the dialog box to a file. Saving dialog box properties (p. Load. Save Stores the modifications of properties. Button Description Save as Stores the dialog box properties with the name given in the field. enter a name for the set of properties. see File extensions. Tekla Structures also loads the properties of subdialog boxes. The Save as button also updates the Load list box. The files also include the properties in subdialog boxes. See also Common buttons (p. Tekla Structures saves the properties in the file shown in the list box.

Load. See also Loading dialog box properties (p. Save as (p. They also give examples. Saving dialog box properties (p.. Tekla Structures contains three types of tooltips: Basic tooltips Basic tooltips only display the name of the command. 32) Save. If the enhanced tooltips are switched on. the basic tooltips are not displayed. Save as (p. Click Load. 2.To overwrite an existing set of properties. but for menu commands. move the mouse pointer over a menu command. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . Load. To show or hide the enhanced tooltips. hints and tips. The menu tooltips are displayed in a separate window. Menu tooltips 32 Menu tooltips provide the same functionality as the enhanced tooltips. 31) Tooltips When you move the mouse pointer over an icon. In the list box next to the Load button. which you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. Enhanced tooltips Enhanced tooltips give more information about the command and how it can be executed. click Save. Tekla Structures saves the properties in the file shown in the list box. On the basis of the information in the enhanced tooltip you are able to decide whether the command is the one that you need for your current task.. button. a tooltip appears. 31) Loading dialog box properties To load a previously stored set of properties to the dialog box: See also 1. click Tools > Options > Enhanced Tooltips. select the set of properties you want to load. You can also open the related online help topic by clicking the More. The enhanced tooltips are switched on by default. To display the corresponding menu tooltip. 31) Save.

A message panel appears at the bottom of the Tekla Structures window. The status bar also displays the following information: • • • • • • The status of Xsnap (T). Status bar Tekla Structures displays instructions and messages on the status bar located at the bottom of the Tekla Structures window. Follow the instructions on the status bar when you use commands. click Tools > Toolbars > Message Panel. For example. always check the status bar as Tekla Structures will prompt you on how to continue. and Drag and drop (D) The level in assembly or component hierarchy (0–9) The middle mouse button mode (Pan or Scroll) The current phase The number of selected objects and handles Error messages To view the status bar message history. SmartSelect (S). TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 33 . click Tools > Options > Menu Tooltips.To show or hide the menu tooltips window. when you are creating a beam.

Running a command To run a command in Tekla Structures. 35) Repeating a command To repeat the last command. you can use the Zoom commands while creating objects. repeat. select the Do not show this message again check box. for example when you are about to copy or move objects outside the work area. do one of the following: • • 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures Click Edit > Repeat Last Command. and follow the instructions on the status bar. and end commands. For example.Warning messages Tekla Structures displays warning messages when necessary. 34) Ending a command (p. Press Enter. Click a menu title and then select the command. the commands on the pop-up menu relate to that object. For example. press Shift when the warning message should appear. and then select a command. for example when you are copying or moving objects outside the work area. To re-display the warning messages.3 Using commands This section explains how to run. 1. and Tekla Structures displays the warning message again. • Click the right mouse button to open a pop-up menu. click • to create bolts. When you select an object. do one of the following: • Click the toolbar button of the command you want to run. For example. click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. This means that you can use these commands while another command is still running. The command runs until you end it or use another command. use the enhanced tooltips and menu tooltips. . You can use some Tekla Structures commands simultaneously. To get more information about a command and how it can be executed. See also Repeating a command (p. To prevent Tekla Structures from displaying the warning messages again.

Running a command (p. 34) Ending a command To cancel or end a command. If you do not modify the properties. Press Esc. • To display the current properties of the object type.4 Creating and modifying objects This section explains how to create and modify objects in Tekla Structures. • To display the properties of an existing object. Modify the properties. do one of the following: • • • See also Click Edit > Interrupt. Setting object properties To set the properties of an object: 1. Later in this manual. . 3. Tekla Structures creates the object using the current properties of the object type. This section introduces most of the ways. you may choose a different way.See also Running a command (p. 27) Creating an object To create an object: 1. Open the object properties dialog box. double-click a toolbar button. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 35 . Click a toolbar button or a menu command. 247) Mini Toolbar (p. double-click the object or use the Mini Toolbar. or hold down Shift and select a menu command. to display the beam properties. Click Apply or OK. Pick points to place the object in the model. we refer to this section or present only the ways most useful for a first-time user. 34) 1. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. See also 2. After some practice. or hold down Part properties (p. 2. you will find that there are several ways to create and modify objects. For example. double-click Shift and click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Beam. Optional: Modify the object properties. As you become familiar with Tekla Structures. 3.

Tekla Structures highlights the selected objects.5 Selecting objects You need to select objects to carry out many Tekla Structures commands. The number of selected objects and handles is displayed in the bottom right corner of the status bar. For example. For example: Also dimensions and dimension lines are displayed when you select a column or a beam. 1. 35) Deleting an object To delete an object: 1. 4. Setting object properties (p. 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures .. Modify the properties. 2. double-click a part to display the current properties of the object type. Use the modify filter check boxes to indicate which properties should be changed. The command runs until you end it or use another command. 3. Select the object you want to delete. You can select objects as a sequence of single selections and/or area selections. See also Click Modify. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 2. Do one of the following: • • • Click Edit > Delete. Open the object properties dialog box. Press Delete. When you create a new model object and pick the starting point for it. Tekla Structures displays the dimensions and dimension lines for the object.To create several objects with the same properties. See also Setting object properties (p. pick multiple points. The displayed dimensions make it easier to create objects of desired lenght. Select the objects you want to modify. 35) Modifying an object To modify an object: 1.

. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 37 . do one of the following: • Press H. Tekla Structures only selects welds. Selection switches The selection switches are special commands that control the selection of objects.To show or hide the dimensions. • Click Tools > Options > Rollover Highlight. click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Switching rollover highlight on or off When you move the mouse pointer over objects in rendered model views. To switch rollover highlight on or off.. Use the selection switches to define which object types can be selected. even if you select the entire model area. > Model View. Tekla Structures highlights the objects in yellow. For example. so that you can easily see which objects you can select. if only the Select welds switch is active. and set the variable XS_DISPLAY_DIMENSIONS_WHEN_SELECTING_OBJECTS to TRUE or FALSE.

The other selection switches control which object types can be selected. Selecting single objects To select a single object. Model Editor selection switches The main selection switches control whether you can select objects in a component or assembly hierarchy. but the actual switches differ. The selection switches in the Drawing Editor work in the same way as the ones in the Model Editor. Drawing Editor selection switches The selection switches control which object types can be selected. see the corresponding enhanced tooltip. For example.Selection filter settings also affect which objects you can select. click the object with the right mouse button. For more information on how to use each switch. You can select objects with the right mouse button only if you have switched on the following options on the Tools > Options menu: • • Select on Right-Click Rollover Highlight Selecting multiple objects To select multiple objects (area selection). do one of the following: • To select an object. • To select an object and open its pop-up menu. do one of the following: • 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures Hold down the mouse button and drag the mouse from left to right to select the objects that are completely within that rectangular area. . you might decide to select only bolts. click it with the left mouse button. see the corresponding enhanced tooltip. These switches have the highest priority. The following selection switches are available in the Drawing Editor: For more information on how to use each switch.

regardless of the dragging direction. To define how area selection works. click Tools > Options > Crossing Selection. When the option is on. as described above. By default. Selecting handles To select only the handles of a part: 1.• Hold down the mouse button and drag the mouse from right to left to select the objects that are completely or partly within that rectangular area. all objects that fall at least partially inside the rectangular area are selected. When the option is off. Hold down the Alt key and drag the mouse from left to right to select the part again. the option is off. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 39 . Drag the mouse from left to right to select the part. 2. the dragging direction affects the selection of objects.

Scroll with the mouse wheel. 113) Cast units (p. Hold down the Shift key. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . 2. Select a part. Hold down the Alt key. Assemblies (p. To select and examine nested assemblies or components: 40 1. 122) Selecting nested assemblies and components The active select switch defines on which level you start and toward which direction you move in the component or assembly hierarchy. An orange box indicates the assembly or component that you can select. 2. Tekla Structures selects the entire cast unit or assembly that contains the part. The status bar shows the steps you take in the hierarchy. 101) Selecting assemblies and cast units To select an assembly or cast unit: See also 1.See also Part position (p.

bolts. you can select objects in the assembly hierarchy. and so on. and finally select single parts. starting from the assemblies on the highest level. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 41 .Example If the Select assemblies switch is active. move to their sub-assemblies.

you start selecting from single objects and move to bigger and bigger nested assemblies. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. if you are working on a large model and you accidentally select all or part of the model. 3. c See also 42 Click OK. > Modeling Properties. click Cancel. Select all or part of the model. Toggle the selection of an object on or off Press the Ctrl key during the selection. Interrupting object selection This section is for advanced users. b Modify the variable XS_OBJECT_SELECTION_CONFIRMATION.. do any of the following: To Do this Add objects to the current selection Press the Shift key and select the objects. When Tekla Structures asks if you want to interrupt object selection. To interrupt object selection: 1. Optional: Define the time after which Tekla Structures asks if you want to interrupt object selection. Tekla Structures deselects the objects that were already selected and selects those that were previously not selected. For example.If the Select objects in assemblies switch is active. You can have Tekla Structures interrupt the object selection process if the selection takes over a defined period of time. XS_OBJECT_SELECTION_CONFIRMATION TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . 2. See also Assembly hierarchy (p. The default value is 5000 milliseconds.. you can interrupt the selection if it takes over 5000 milliseconds (5 seconds) to complete. 114) Modifying the selection To modify the current selection.

if possible. Tekla Structures checks for duplicate objects in the location where you are about to copy or move the objects to. 3. If you copy or move objects from an assembly or cast unit. 2. If duplicates are found. asymmetrically positioned parts. command does not fully mirror objects if they include connections that contain. such as the Array of Objects (29) component.. you can choose whether to keep or delete the duplicate objects. sub-assemblies are copied as subassemblies if a parent object is found. • Circular parts must have the same cross section dimensions. Two objects are considered duplicates if they have the same orientation and the same size of bounding box. For example. The parts between which you copy or move must have the same number of cross section corners. Limitations Tekla Structures does not check for duplicates when you copy objects using a modeling tool. Copying an object To copy an object: 1.6 Copying and moving objects You can copy and move objects linearly. Select the object you want to copy. The Copy Special > Mirror.. Moving relocates the existing object. Duplicate objects When you copy or move objects. Copying creates a new object. Tekla Structures cannot create mirrored copies of connection properties.1. with rotation. for example. Pick the origin for copying. Use the variable XS_DUPLICATE_CHECK_LIMIT_FOR_COPY_AND_MOVE to define the maximum number of objects that can be counted as duplicates while copying or moving objects. If you copy or move reinforcements or surface treatments and want them to adapt to the part they are copied or moved to: Limitations • • The reinforcement or surface treatment handles must be in part corners. Click Edit > Copy. or right-click and select Copy from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures copies the assembly structure as well. and with mirroring. leaving the existing object in its original position. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 43 . Tekla Structures also checks for duplicates if you create new parts in the same location as an existing part.

Use the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box to specify the coordinates. Ensure that Xsnap is switched on. Select the objects you want to copy. click Edit > Interrupt. The objects are copied immediately. click Edit > Undo. Tekla Structures copies all the objects that are connected to the object you copy. Tekla Structures also tries to copy connections. 5. Pick one or more destination points. The connections must be surrounded by similar parts to be copied successfully. 6. To copy an object to a new position using coordinates: 44 1. 2. The Copy command still remains active. To undo the latest copy operation.4. To stop copying. Copying an object using coordinates You can use coordinates when placing objects in a new position at a specified distance from the origin. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures .

Click Edit > Copy. 53) Copying an object linearly to a new position Use the Copy Special > Linear. Select the objects you want to copy. and drag the objects to the new position.. Type the distance. See also Click OK. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 45 . 4. Select the objects you want to copy. Enter the number of copies.) plane you specify. Copying an object using drag-and-drop To copy an object using drag-and-drop: 1. The position of the copied objects relative to the second (and third. If the dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. Copying an object to another plane You can copy objects from the first plane you specify to the second (and third.) plane remains the same as the position of the original objects relative to the first plane. To copy an object to another plane: 1. Click Edit > Copy Special > Linear. 2. Select the objects you want to copy. 2. 5. or enter the coordinates in the dX.. etc. and z displacements. Tekla Structures displays the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box automatically. Click Edit > Copy Special > To Another Plane. 6. 7.. 56) Switching Xsnap on or off (p. Pick a point on the first plane in the positive x direction. 3.3. You can also use a formula to calculate the x. Click Copy. y. command to create multiple copies of an object in the same linear direction. and dZ fields.. 3. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. etc. Pick the origin for copying. 3. dY.. but do not pick the point. 5. Pick two points in the model. Pick the point of origin of the first plane. 4. Move the cursor in the direction you want to copy the objects. For example: 4. When you start typing. Hold down the Ctrl key and the mouse button. To copy an object linearly to a new position: 1. Click Tools > Options > Drag and Drop to activate the command. Snapping to a position using coordinates (p.

2. Enter the numbers of the phases from which to copy objects. and rotation. 2. This applies to both model and component parts.. 6. Repeat steps 3–5 for all destination planes. See also Phases (p. For example. 211) Moving an object To move an object: 46 1. Limitations 4. Click Edit > Move. 3... Select the model to copy from in the Model directories list. Select the object you want to move. This is useful. Select the objects to copy to (target object). The objects that you can copy between can have different dimensions. 2. Pick the origin for moving. 5. separated by spaces. Tekla Structures only copies secondary parts from the model if they belong to the same phase as their main part. Select the object to copy from (source object). Select the objects you want to copy. Right-click and select Copy Special > To Another Object from the pop-up menu. 2 7. Copying an object to another object You can copy objects from an object to other similar objects. Click Edit > Copy Special > From Another Model. Copying and moving objects (p. when you detail previously modeled parts.5. 4. You cannot import drawings with the model. Click Copy. or right-click and select Move from the pop-up menu. 3. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . length. To copy an object to another object: See also 1. 43) Copying objects from another model To copy objects from another model: 1. Pick a point on the first plane in the positive y direction. Close the dialog box. for example.

Tekla Structures also moves the parts or assemblies that use those points. 2. Use the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box to specify the coordinates. Click Edit > Move. if you move points. 5. For example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 47 . but do not pick the point. The Move command does not remain active. Move the cursor in the direction you want to move the objects. Pick the origin for moving. 4.4. To move an object to a new position using coordinates: 1. Pick a destination point. Moving an object using coordinates You can use coordinates when placing objects in a new position at a specified distance from the origin. Tekla Structures also moves the objects that are connected to the object you move. Select the objects you want to move. Ensure that Xsnap is switched on. The object is moved immediately. 3.

which you specify by picking three points. Click Edit > Move Special > Linear. 3. Tekla Structures displays the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box automatically.. Pick a point on the first plane in the positive x direction. and drag the handle to the new position. For example: 4. Pick two points in the model. Select the objects you want to move. You can also use a formula to calculate the x. Repeat steps 3–5 for the destination plane. Click Move. hold down the mouse button and drag the objects to the new position. 7. Click Tools > Options > Drag and Drop to activate the command. 56) Switching Xsnap on or off (p. and dZ fields.. Pick the point of origin of the first plane. Moving an object using drag-and-drop To move an object using drag-and-drop: 1. Select the objects you want to move. dY. • To move the end of an object. y. 5. 2. 53) Moving an object linearly to a new position To move an object linearly to a new position: 1. Click Edit > Move Special > To Another Plane. 2. hold down the mouse button. Pick a point on the first plane in the positive y direction. When you start typing. and z displacements. 4. select the handle.6.. or enter the coordinates in the dX. Snapping to a position using coordinates (p. Moving an object to another plane You can move objects from the first plane you specify to another plane. 2. The moved objects remain in the same position on the second plane as the original objects on the first plane. 3. If the dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. 6. See also Click OK. Select the objects you want to move. To move an object to another plane: 48 1. 3.. Type the distance. Do one of the following: • To move the objects. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures .

Click Copy or Move. Copying and moving objects (p. or enter its coordinates. Enter the rotation angle. 3. or enter the coordinates of the rotation axis.. 49) Rotating an object on the work plane To rotate an object around a line on the work plane: 1. 4. 2. 3. click Edit > Move Special > Rotate. See also Rotating an object on the work plane (p. Rotation settings (p. To move and rotate the objects. This is useful. Pick the starting point of the rotation axis.. Positive rotation is according to the right hand rule (clockwise when looking from the starting point of the rotation axis). 43) Rotating objects When you copy or move an object. Select the object to move from (source object). Select line in the Around list box. similar objects. Select the objects you want to move. To move an object to another object: See also 1. • • To copy and rotate the objects. To move and rotate the objects.. 2. click Edit > Move Special > Rotate. Activate the rotation command. Activate the rotation command. Select Z in the Around list box. or in the work plane z direction. either on the work plane. Select the objects to move to (target object). 7. click Edit > Copy Special > Rotate. 4. for example.Moving an object to another object You can move objects from an object to other.. 242) Rotating an object in the z direction To rotate an object around a line in the work plane z direction: 1. or enter its coordinates. Pick the end point of the rotation axis. click Edit > Copy Special > Rotate. you can rotate it around a given line. 6. 4. The objects that you move between can have different dimensions. length. Optional: Enter the dZ value. Right-click and select Move Special > To Another Object from the pop-up menu. 9. Pick a point. and rotation. Select the objects you want to copy or move. which is the difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. 3.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 49 . Select the objects you want to copy or move.. 49) Rotating an object in the z direction (p. 8. • • See also To copy and rotate the objects... 5. 2. Enter the number of copies. when you detail previously modeled parts.

When you move the mouse pointer over objects. Rotation settings (p. or enter its coordinates and angle. 7. When you pick within the snap zone of an object. To mirror an object: 1. click Edit > Move Special > Mirror.. you can mirror it through a plane that is perpendicular to the work plane and passes through a line you specify. which means you can easily create objects of a desired length. Pick the starting point of the mirroring plane. 2.See also 5. 3. Select the objects you want to copy or move. 1. Tekla Structures also displays snap dimensions. Pick the end point of the mirroring plane. To move and mirror the objects.. click Edit > Copy Special > Mirror. Optional: Enter the dZ value. and snap depth all affect picking.. which is the difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. Enter the number of copies. Activate the mirroring command.7 Snapping to positions Most Tekla Structures commands ask you to pick points to position objects in a model. snap switches. Tekla Structures displays snap symbols for the available snap points. Snap priority.. Click Copy or Move. 4. 242) Mirroring an object When you copy or move an object. 5. • • To copy and mirror the objects. or enter its coordinates and angle.. It defines how close you need to pick to hit a position. Enter the rotation angle. Tekla Structures automatically snaps to the closest pickable point on that object. See also XS_DISPLAY_DIMENSIONS_WHEN_CREATING_OBJECTS Snap zone Each object has a snap zone. Click Copy or Move. 8. 6. 50 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures .

If you pick and hit several positions simultaneously. If there is more than one point available to snap to. 79) Work plane (p. You can use snap switches any time Tekla Structures prompts you to specify a point. The following options are available: • Plane You can snap to positions either on the view plane or the work plane. if you are creating a beam. Tekla Structures snaps to the position with the highest snap priority. for example part corners. Snap depth The first list box on the Snapping toolbar defines the depth of each position you pick. Click the left mouse button to select the appropriate point. • 3D You can snap to positions in the entire 3D space.You can set the snap zone using the variable XS_PIXEL_TOLERANCE. even if all the other switches are on. Snap switches also define the snap priority of positions. end points. See also View planes (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 51 . To control which positions you can pick. you cannot snap to any positions. In non-perspective views. press the Tab key to cycle forward through the snap points. it works like the Plane option. and Shift+Tab to cycle backwards through them. use the snap switches. These switches have the highest priority. depending on what you have selected in the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. for example. • Auto In perspective views. If both these switches are off. Snap switches help you to pick points to position objects precisely without having to know the coordinates or create additional lines or points. midpoints. Main snap switches The two main snap switches illustrated in the following table define whether you can snap to reference points or any other points on objects. and intersections. for example. Enter the snap zone dimension in pixels. 70) Snap switches Snap switches specify exact locations on objects. this option works like the 3D option.

and arcs. polyline segments. Large Geometry lines and points You can snap to any points on objects. and yellow for model objects. You can have Tekla Structures display the snap symbols in the model when you move the mouse pointer over objects. and arcs. and circles. End points Snaps to end points of lines. Small Other snap switches The following table lists the remaining snap switches. polyline segments. arcs.Button Snap positions Description Symbol Reference lines and points You can snap to object reference points (points that have handles). Perpendicular Snaps to points on objects that form a perpendicular alignment with another object. The snap symbol is green for objects inside components. Midpoints Snaps to midpoints of lines. Centers Snaps to centers of circles and arcs. polyline segments. Symbol . Button 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures Snap positions Description Points Snaps to points and grid line intersections. Intersections Snaps to intersections of lines.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 53 . Tekla Structures displays an angle symbol to indicate the direction of snapping. Free Snaps to any position. 90. and select or clear the Display snap symbol check box. To switch Xsnap on or off: • Click Tools > Options > Xsnap. the mouse pointer locks to the closest orthogonal point on the plane (0. and so on).. you can see it snap to positions. The mouse pointer automatically snaps to positions at even distances in the given direction. e. When you move the mouse pointer over objects. To snap to a position in an orthogonal direction: 1. Line extensions Snaps to the line extensions of nearby objects. 45. Overriding the current snap switch To temporarily override the current snap switch settings.. create a beam. Symbol To show or hide the snap symbols. • Click a button on the Snap Override toolbar. > Mouse settings. 135. The snapping precision depends on the current zoom level. The cursor turns into a green cross. you can have Tekla Structures display visual cues when you snap to positions.g. click Tools > Options > Options. For example. do one of the following: • Right-click and select the appropriate snap option from the pop-up menu. To show or hide the Snap Override toolbar. Initiate a command that requires you to pick positions. Snapping in orthogonal directions When you use the Ortho tool for snapping. 2. 180 degrees. Switching Xsnap on or off To make it easier to snap to points and position. any point on part edges or lines. Press O or click Tools > Ortho to activate orthogonal snapping.Button Snap positions Description Nearest point Snaps to the nearest points on objects. click Tools > Toolbars > Snap Override.

For example: 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . when you want to align objects with one another. For example. Initiate a command that requires you to pick positions. Ensure that the Snap to line extensions snap switch 2.Snapping to part extension lines You can snap to the extension lines of nearby objects. create a beam. When snapping in orthogonal directions. To snap to the extension line of another object: 1. for example. This can be useful. is active. The snapping precision depends on the current zoom level. Tekla Structures displays line extensions in blue color. the mouse pointer automatically snaps to positions at even distances in the given direction.

Locking a coordinate You can lock the x. Pick the starting point. create a beam. To unlock the coordinate. and z coordinates on a line. This is useful when you need to determine a point to pick and the needed point does not exist on the line. 3. 6. such as snap switches and orthogonal snapping. For example. 2. press X. Initiate a command that requires you to pick positions. y. To lock the pointer in the x direction: 1. create a beam. 2. 3. you can snap to points only in that direction. 4. Initiate a command that requires you to pick positions. A green cross indicates that this position is now a temporary reference point. For example. press X again. Temporary reference points can be used in combination with other snapping tools. To lock the x coordinate. Hold down the Ctrl key and pick a position. You can snap to points only in the x direction. Tekla Structures creates the part between the starting point and the end point.Creating a temporary reference point You can create a temporary reference point to use as a local origin when snapping in models or drawings. 5. Click Tools > Ortho to activate orthogonal snapping. Release the Ctrl key and pick the end point. To create a temporary reference point: 1. Repeat step 4 to create as many reference points as needed. When a coordinate is locked. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 55 .

such as snap switches and orthogonal snapping. You can track along the line towards a snap point. For example. Do one of the following: • • Click Tools > Enter a Numeric Location and select an option. Use the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box to specify the coordinates. Start entering the coordinates using the keyboard. we snapped to a grid line midpoint and tracked along the tentative line for 1000 units when creating a beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . 57) Copying an object using coordinates (p. 47) Tracking Tracking means that you follow a line and pick a point at a specified distance along the line. When you start typing. 44) Moving an object using coordinates (p.Snapping to a position using coordinates You can use coordinates when snapping to a position. Coordinate input options (p. Initiate a command that requires you to pick positions. Tracking along a line 56 In the illustration below. and use the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box to specify the distance from the last point picked. the mouse pointer locks onto a snap point. You usually use tracking in combination with numeric coordinates and other snapping tools. 2. To snap to a position using coordinates: 1. create a beam. Tekla Structures displays a green line between the last point picked and the snap point. When you have snap switches on and you use a command that requires you to pick positions. press Enter or click OK to snap to the position. Tekla Structures displays the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box automatically. 3. The negative sign (-) does not cause the dialog box to open. See also After entering the coordinates.

for example. Use the variable XS_KEYIN_DEFAULT_MODE to indicate the default snapping mode. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 57 . Tekla Structures has two snapping modes. 4000 units from the last point picked. for example.Tracking beyond the snap point You can also track beyond the snap point. Coordinate input options The table below explains the types of information you can enter in the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box. Tracking in the opposite direction Track in the opposite direction by entering a negative value. relative and absolute. -1000.

56) XS_KEYIN_DEFAULT_MODE Defining a snap grid Use a snap grid when you pick points using the Snap to any position snap switch. 100. 4.500 or @500<30. you are able to snap to positions at intervals of 500 units in the x direction. an angle on the xy plane. and an angle from the xy plane separated by angle brackets.200. Define the character with the variable XS_KEYIN_RELA TIVE_PREFIX For example. . Tekla Structures assumes that the value is 0. See also Snapping to a position using coordinates (p.-50. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . @1000. To define a snap grid: 1. > Mouse settings. 2. For example. Three coordinates Special character In drawings.. (comma) For example. Define the character with the variable XS_KEYIN_ABSO LUTE_PREFIX Relative coordinates The coordinates relative to the last position picked.You can enter Description One coordinate A distance to an indicated direction. Cartesian coordinates The x. Tekla Structures ignores the third coordinate.. Angles increase in the counterclockwise direction. and z coordinates of a position separated by commas. Absolute coordinates The coordinates based on the origin of the work plane. To activate the snap grid. y. 58 3. < For example. Two coordinates If you omit the last coordinate (z) or angle. select the Activate snap grid when free snap is on check box. 1000<90<45. Click Tools > Options > Options. Polar coordinates A distance. if the spacing of the x coordinate is 500. Optional: Define offsets for the snap grid origin in the Origin fields. Define the grid spacing intervals in the Spacing fields.

2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. 65) Work area (p. 72) Views (p. 85) Reference models (p. 59) Screen layout (p. 84) Points (p. you can create a real-life model of any structure. 60) Opening a model (p. including: • Geometry and dimensions TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 59 . 63) What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. Contents • • • • • • • • • • Creating 3D models (p. 68) Work plane (p. create. 70) Coordinate system (p. and save models in Tekla Structures. 87) 2. 71) Grids (p. 62) Saving a model (p. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. 76) Construction objects (p.1 Creating 3D models This section explains how to open. See also Creating a new model (p. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure.

Also enter the name of the server in the Server field. 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace Single-user: model will be used by one person. Do not enter the model name in this field. • • • 3. 2.. Type a unique name in the Model name field. . Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. type the path in the Save in field. 5. Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. To save the model in a recently used model folder. If you already have a model open. : | ). To create a new model: 1. as they react to modifications in the model. or . Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. In the Model type list box. Define where to save the new model. click Browse. To select a folder. You can only have one model open at a time. This model contains all the information about the project. To define the location manually. define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. Click OK. followed by the \ character. Click File > New. Creating a new model You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. use the Save in list box. Optional: In the Model template list box.. select the template you want to use. 4. such as reports and NC data files. • • 6.• • • Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. Do not use special characters (/ \ .

4. Update the project information at the beginning of the project to make reports and drawings display the correct information automatically.. Click File > Project Properties. such as the project number and name. Optional: To define user-defined attributes. All the fields are optional. To save the project properties as the default properties for this project. Click OK to save your changes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 61 . The Project Properties dialog box appears.Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view. It contains some sample entries.. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. The names in the image below refer to template fields. enter a description that helps you identify the model when you next need to open it. click User-defined attributes. which you can overwrite. many times during a project.. 6. 5. 3. which you can use when designing your own reports and templates.. To update the project information: 1. The description appears in the Open dialog box. Updating project information You will use project information. Enter the project information you want to use.... You can now use the project properties in drawings and reports. In the Description field. 2.

.PROJECT_NUMBER PROJECT_NAME BUILDER PROJECT_OBJECT ADDRESS DESIGNER START_DATE END_DATE INFO1 INFO2 Opening a model To open a Tekla Structures model: 1.. . or . 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace Click File > Open.

2. 3. use the Model name list box. In the Open dialog box.. Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. • • • 3. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names. In the Model name field. You can sort models by clicking the column titles. For more information on setting the interval. Click OK to open the model. For example. If you already have a model open. browse to the folder where you want to save the model. Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.. 63) Saving in multi-user mode Saving a model with a different name or location To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1.. type a new name. you can use the keyboard to select models. In the Save as dialog box. 4. Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N. 2. see Autosave. click Browse. Click OK. Click File > Save As. but the original version of the model remains intact. select the model. To open a recently used model. To open a recently used model folder.You can only have one model open at a time. do one of the following: • Click . TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 63 . when you type N. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name. use the Look in list box. If no views are visible after you have opened a model. To search for models in another folder. See also Saving a model with a different name or location (p. Saving a model To save a model. Tekla Structures automatically saves the model at set intervals. • Click File > Save..

64 6. Add the desired profiles. always start by creating a new empty model. 2. Create a new model and give it a unique name. Save the file. Steel framework. and so on. 3. Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. For example.xml file using any standard text editor.Model templates This section is for advanced users. custom components.. Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels. you can set this variable to point to the same location as the variable XS_FIRM. open the TeklaStructuresModel. 4. the variable points to the folder .\TeklaStructures\<version>\environments\default\model_templat es\. Creating a model template When you create a model template. The location of model templates is defined by the variable XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example. 5. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . The default value is FALSE. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the variable XS_RUNPATH. By default. in the model. By default. 7.\TeklaStructures\<version>\environments\default\model_te mplates\. In the new template model folder. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the variable XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. To create a model template: 1. the variable points to the folder . Save and close the model.

2. the icons and available menu options will become active. The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures Model Editor window: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 65 .2 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. a new window appears on the screen. Initially. When you open or create a model. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive.

66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . To use the default background color. and columns Commands for creating views Toolbars can be either docked or floating Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. Modify the background color using the following variables: • • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately.. The first RGB value refers to the variable XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. 66) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. set the same value for all four corners of the background. and so on. and plates Concrete footings. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. the second value to the variable XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2. 2. leave the variable fields empty.Status bar displays instructions.. 264) Background color examples (p. columns. Finding RGB values for colors (p. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. 3. > Model View. beams. and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Steel beams.

0 1.0 1.0 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.0 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 67 .0 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 1.RGB values Result 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.2 0.0 1.0 1.4 0.0 0.2 0.

0 1.RGB values Result 0. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace .0 1.0 0.3 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.0 0.0 1.7 0.0 0.7 See also Changing the background color (p.7 0. dashed lines.8 0.2 0.0 1.6 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.0 1.3 0.0 0.6 1. 66) Finding RGB values for colors (p.0 0. 264) 2.3 0.

see the corresponding menu tooltip. See also Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model.You can define the work area to suit particular situations. > Model View. click View > Redraw All again. See also Defining the work area (p. This can be useful. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 69 . 4. 2. Work area (p. Objects outside the work area still exist. when creating screenshots for presentations. To define the work area: 1. or all model objects. 5. Alternatively. 68) Hiding the work area If you want. For more information on each command. for example. 69) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. but they are not visible.. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA variable to TRUE. Click View > Redraw All. Click OK or Apply. Tekla Structures hides the work area. set the variable to FALSE. You can define the work area in a selected view. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. 3. you can hide the green work area box. 1. To make the box visible again. 2. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. or size the work area to include selected parts.. To make the work area visible again. for example. or in all visible views. Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options.

which is the local coordinate system of the model. part positioning.4 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. which can be used for positioning parts. 71) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. parallel to one of the global basic planes. The current work plane is model-specific. For example creating points. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. To shift the work plane: 1. For more information on each command. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. so it is the same in all views. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. . or on a part or view plane. See also Shifting the work plane (p. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. 2.2. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. For example. see the corresponding menu tooltip. The work plane also has its own grid. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. 70) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. To display the work plane grid. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. When modeling sloped parts. The z direction follows the right-hand rule: Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar.

4. To restore the default work plane: 1. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. > Model View. Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane. Click OK. Click Change. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. 70) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures.0 0.5 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x.0 0. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane..3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 71 . Work plane (p.. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view. For example.. 2. to change the color to red. 4. set the value to 1. Set Plane to XY. See also Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. Finding RGB values for colors (p.0. 2. 264) 2. See also 3. y. Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1. Modify the variable XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE. Set Depth coordinate to 0. 3..

the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line.In wire frame views. 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines.6 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. 2. A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes.

You can also create grids manually.You can have more than one grid in a model. use the variable XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. 3. 0 4000 4000. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. For example. Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. select the Magnetic grid plane check box.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. For example. Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. See also Click Create. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. 0 2*4000. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. Y0. Click Modeling > Create Grid. 4. Modify the grid properties. Grid properties (p. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. The z coordinates are absolute . The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. Optional: When prompted. 241) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 73 . Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0. you can leave the label fields empty. 5. and smaller grids for some detailed sections.. Creating a grid When you create a new model. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. and Z0. To manually create a grid: 1. 2. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. When working with very large grids. and Z0. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. Y0. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. If you wish. If you do not pick a point.. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid.

See also Click Modify to save the changes. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch is selected. If you have also other objects selected. 3.0 0. When you delete a grid. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. 4. 2. set the value to 1. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. If the coordinate check boxes are selected..0 0. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . Modify the grid properties. 264) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. The Grid dialog box appears. 2. not the grid. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Double-click a grid line. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. > Model View. Modify the variable XS_GRID_COLOR. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 2. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. For example. Grid properties (p. See also 3. Select a grid line. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch is selected. Finding RGB values for colors (p.Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1.0. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. to change the color to red. 241) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: 1. 4. 3. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects.. Click OK.

Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. When you select a grid line. 2. 3. Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: See also 1. You can use handles to move the grid lines. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch is selected. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. Grid line properties (p. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch is selected. Double-click a grid line. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. Click Modify to save the changes. 2. 242) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. Modify the grid line properties. 4. 4. Pick the end point of the grid line. Pick the starting point of the grid line.Single grid lines have handles. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. 242) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: See also 1. 3. Grid line properties (p. the handles appear in magenta. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 75 .

not the grid line. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. 3. If you also have other objects selected. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines Create a basic part view when you need to see a specific part clearly. When you delete a grid line. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . Select the grid line you want to delete. This places the part in the center of the view. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. For example. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects.7 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 2.2.

You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. If you try to open more than nine views. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. The following options are available: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 77 . Representation options in rendered views In rendered views. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. you can also choose the Wireframe or Shaded Wireframe representation option in the rendered views. However. View type The view type defines the appearance of the view. You can change the appearance of a view after you create it. You can open the view properties dialog box for each view to view or modify the properties. The view type options are: • Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. Tekla Structures displays a warning. If the view does not appear. • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed.Each view has properties that define its appearance. check how many views you have open.

e. component objects are displayed as Rendered. surfaces are not. i. . and their surfaces are shaded. component objects are displayed as Rendered. i.e. parts are transparent.Option Description Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. underlying parts are not visible. In this example. Example In this example. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. Hidden Lines 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace Parts are not transparent. Parts are transparent.

Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed.Option Description Rendered Part surfaces are displayed. In basic views. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. Points that are located outside the view plane are red. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. It does not appear in the plane name. when viewing clash check results in a large model. Other parts are almost completely transparent. for example..5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components.e. i. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. parts are not transparent.. The view plane options for basic views are: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 79 . two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. In the basic plane view. xz. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1... Example This option is useful.5 and Shift+1. and zy). View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . 3.Plane: XY Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views.. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. When you move a view plane. or the points are defined automatically. from the pop-up menu. 2. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. or enter its coordinates. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. depending on the creation method. Other views For view types other than basic views. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. Click the view.. To move the view plane: 80 1.

You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. Creating a view To create a new view: 1. In multi-user mode. Select a view command from the View menu. create a view that contains a grid. see the corresponding menu tooltip. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. Temporary views. Click Move. 244) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 81 . When you exit the model. For more information on each command. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. 5. Pick the end point of the translation vector. Before you start. If several users have different views with the same name. which have a default name in parentheses. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. Select the grid. or the view will not be saved for later use. c See also Click Modify. b Type a unique name in the Name field. View settings (p.4. it is very important to give views unique names. 2. and which view properties it will use. or enter its coordinates. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. disappear when you close them. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. To create grid views: 1. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. Tekla Structures only saves the named views. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. Optional: Save the view. 3. If the Move . how it will name the views.

82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace ... The Views dialog box appears. Select the view you want to delete.. To open multiple views. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. or double-click a view to open it. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views... 5. To delete multiple views. The Views dialog box appears. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. 3.. Modifying a view To modify an existing view: See also 1. and all visible views on the right. 245) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1.. 244) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 1. 3. Click Create. Click View > View List. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. Modify the grid properties. 4. and all visible views on the right. Modify the view properties. The Views dialog box appears. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Click View > View List. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. See also Grid view properties (p. View settings (p. 2.2. 2. 3. 2.. Click Modify. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. Click Delete.

Switching between open views To switch between open views. but Tekla Structures may also produce information in the inactive views. select a view from the list. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 83 . Arranging views Your Tekla Structures workspace can contain many open views. Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. select an option from the Angle list box. Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. Arrange all open views vertically Click Windows > Tile Vertically. do any of the following: To Do this Redraw the contents of the active view Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. do one of the following: • Press Ctrl+P. do any of the following: To Do this Arrange all open views in a stack Click Windows > Cascade. Redraw the contents of all the views Click View > Redraw All. Arrange all open views horizontally Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. • In the View Properties dialog box. Only one view is active at a time. To arrange the views. • Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. and then click Modify. Close all the views Click View > Close All. • On the Window menu. do one of the following: • Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab.

When you move the plane. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. 7. Pick four points. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. Click Modify. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace .You cannot use the Cascade. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. 6. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. Tekla Structures draws the plane. 2. They do not appear in drawings. Click the middle mouse button. Type a name for the plane. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. Tile Horizontally. 3. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. 4. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. lines. Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 84 1. select the Magnetic check box. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. For example. and circles help you place other objects. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. Double-click the plane in the model. For example. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. 5.8 Construction objects Construction planes. 2.

Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. When you create points. a Double-click the line in the model. 2.Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic.9 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. 4. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 85 . 3. For more information on each command. Pick the starting point of the construction line. 2. c Click Modify. Pick the end point of the construction line. 2. Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. b Select the Magnetic check box.

1000 300. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points.Point properties The point information you are most probably interested in is the local (work plane) and global x. Importing points This section is for advanced users. a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point. and z coordinates of a point. For example: 100. To import points from a file: 1. and an ID number that is used in log files.500. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. You can filter objects by their phase and ID numbers. For more information on each command. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line. Checking them convinces you of the correct location of the point or some other object related to it. Create a point import file. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. Creating a point To create a point: 1.1500 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . Each point also has a phase number. y.700. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Use the icons on the Points toolbar. 2.

It does not save the reference model when you save the current model. an architectural model.rop. button to browse for the reference model file. Include the full path and the file extension. Check the work plane position.. 4. Double-click Point Creation Import (8). 2. 2. 3.prp) Cadmatic models (*.. For example. or a heating. Type the ASCII file name. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model. Click File > Insert Reference Model. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. If you do not specify the path. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model. 6.dxf) AutoCAD (*. 3. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates.3dd) IFC files (*.. 5. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *.10 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model.dgn. 2. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas.IFC) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. Open a Tekla Structures model.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry. Click the Browse. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • AutoCAD (*. During the import process. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 87 . a plant design model.b Save the file.dwg) MicroStation (*. *. 4. Click Create. 7. Type point in the Search field and click Search. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog.

Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1. If you do not define a reference model file to use. Modify the properties and then click Modify. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. The default reference model is a white cross: Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1.. Click User-defined attributes. Activate the Select component 2. Select the reference model. Set the scale of the reference model.. if it uses different measurement units). 7. 4. switch. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects. Click File > Reference Model List.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace ..inp file. or you forget to click Apply. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Click File > Reference Model List. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. 3. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box.5. 6. the file does not exist. For more information on user-defined attributes. 2. Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 88 1. 2. see Adding properties.

Select a reference model from the list. To update all reference models: 1.dwg) To view changes in a reference model: 1. To highlight a reference model: 1.xml) 3D DWG (.... Click File > Reference Model List.Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model. Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated.3dd) WebViewer (. Click File > Reference Model List. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 89 . You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (.ifc) Cadmatic (. 2. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. but the changes are rarely documented. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model. you can highlight them. 2.. Double-click the reference model. Click Reload all. Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures.

you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports.Representation dialog box. Splitting a reference model into reference model objects You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects.2. The variable XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.. set the Category to Template and use EXTERNAL as the property value prefix in the Object Group . TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . Example 90 After you have split the reference model into reference model objects. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box.. 3. 2. For example. Click Subdivide. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. button next to the Old file name field. 4. The reference model objects are read-only. When doing this. Click Display. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model Properties dialog box. select Inserted to see the added objects.

Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model. See also Filtering objects (p. 173) Creating reports Reference model objects You can split reference models into separate reference model objects.When you have split the reference model into reference model objects. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects: • block table TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 91 . the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database. Limitations The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure.

Select the desired object in the reference model.• • • • polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example. Region) You cannot use this functionality for DGN files. Body. subtype "Indexed Face Loops" . Selecting a reference model object To select a reference model object: 1. Supported DGN objects Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7) Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34. 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105). ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid. switch. Activate the Select objects in components 2.

other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops" SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.The following DGN objects are not supported: • • • Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105). TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 93 .

94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace .

You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates. beams or columns. Each part has the following properties: Property Description Name The name of the part is user-definable. Material See Materials (p. such as material. you can select. You can use part properties in view and selection filters.g. profile.3 Creating and Modifying Structures This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. and location. 113) Concrete parts (p. Contents • • • • • • Parts (p. 118) Cast units (p. 109) Assemblies (p. 98). 122) 3. These are the building blocks of the physical model.1 Parts In Tekla Structures. modify. Every part has properties that define it. and to identify parts of the same type. e. and hide parts based on their properties. 96). For example. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands. the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. 95) Part position (p. Profile See Profiles (p. 101) Steel parts (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 95 .

Part types The main concrete parts are: • • • • • • • beam polybeam column pad footing strip footing panel slab The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • beam curved beam orthogonal beam polybeam column twin profile contour plate Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. See also 96 Standard profiles (p. etc. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. 97) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . fire retardant coating. with anti-corrosive paint. Icon Description A standard profile.g. When you create or modify a part. and user-defined profiles. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. parametric. Class Use Class to group parts. A parametric profile.Property Description Finish Finish is user-definable. For example. For more information on how to modify the profile catalog and rules. and how to associate profile types with materials. It describes how the part surface has been treated. e. see The profile catalog and Working with rules. hot galvanized.

To see all the properties of profiles. Click Modify. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. select the Show details check box. /. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. Click Select. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. 97) User-defined profiles (p.. • 4. Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. see Sketched cross sections (p. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values.. 6. Select a profile from the list. environmentspecific profiles. so you should not edit them. 215) and Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile. If you select a parametric profile. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 97 .Parametric profiles (p. use the Profile name list box. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. X. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . 5. By default. next to the Profile field. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. and *. User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. 3. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. For more information on creating your own profiles. Click Apply or OK. 97) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. • • To select a recently used profile. but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. For example. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. 2. select the Show all profiles check box. The Select Profile dialog box appears. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. the profile catalog contains standard. Double-click the part to open the part properties dialog box.

partial safety factors. and so on. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. User attributes Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures .You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. next to the Material field. 98 Optional: Define what material information you want to see. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis. select the Show details check box. Click Modify. porosity. 2. For more information on how to modify the material catalog. or country-specific properties. Each material has the following properties: Property Description Alias Aliases are alternative names. they can be former names. Select a material from the list. such as strengths. 3. 5. Design information The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. • To see all the properties of materials. Poisson’s ratio. Click Select. and thermal dilatation coefficient. The Select Material dialog box appears. Double-click the part to open the part properties dialog box.. 6. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. including the modulus of elasticity. Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. 4. select the Show aliases check box. Click Apply or OK. For example. or surface quality class of a concrete material type.. For example. • To include aliases for material grades in the tree. Materials When you create or modify a part. see The material catalog. or names used in different countries or standards.

Attributes can consist of numbers. Class Color black 1 light gray or white 2 or 0 red 3 bright green 4 blue 5 cyan 6 yellow 7 magenta 8 gray 9 pink 10 lime 11 aqua 12 lilac 13 orange 14 light blue User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 99 . or lists.You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. text. Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups.

see Adding properties.. user-defined attributes. Connection code When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures. Each end of a part can have a different connection code. Camber In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings. Part labels You can display selected part properties. Preliminary mark To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. Shear..4 User-defined fields.. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension. and Moment To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults. Comment In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields.Attribute Can be used. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels.. Tension. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . or in projects. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part. For more information on how to define attributes. Shorten When drawings of the parts are created. Locked To protect objects from being accidentally changed. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. User field 1.

Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1. 5. 3. for example. 7. Select the Part label check box. c Enter the attribute name and click OK. 2. 102) XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. the rest are magenta. Define which part properties to display in part labels. b 6. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts.2 Part position When you create a part. go to the Advanced tab. 4. Tekla Structures displays the handles. The Part label dialog box appears. Click Modify. In the Display dialog box. The points form the part reference line. a Select a property in the Properties list. Select the part.. b Click Add. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. 39) Moving a part using handles (p. 3. Click Add to add the property to the Part label list.. you position it by picking points. 101) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. Click Display. When you select a part. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. See also Selecting handles (p. The handle of the first end point is yellow. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 101 .

2. Tekla Structures highlights the handle.. Positioning of parts is easier in the plane view.. 43) Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1. 2. Double-click the part to open the part properties dialog box. See also Copying and moving objects (p. On the Position tab. Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part: 1. To do this. Examples Position Middle Right 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures Example . 3. Move the handle like any other object. just drag the handle to a new position. Click Display. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line. 3. select the Part reference line check box. For example. If Drag and Drop is switched on. 4.2. Click the handle you want to move. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. to open the Display dialog box. Click View > View Properties. Click Modify. On the Advanced tab. Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. Press Ctrl+P to switch between the 3D view and the plane view. 3. Click Modify and OK... modify the desired position settings.

Position Example Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane. Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis. Examples Position Example Front Top TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 103 . you have the following options: • • • • Front Top Back Below You can also define the angle of rotation.

Position Example Back Below Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. perpendicular to the work plane. you have the following options: • • • Middle Front Behind Examples Position Middle Front Behind Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures Example .

you have the following options: • • • Middle Left Right TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 105 . relative to its reference point. you have the following options: • • • Middle Down Up Examples Position Example Middle Down Up Middle 100 Down 100 Up 100 Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part. relative to its reference point.Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . relative to its reference line.Examples Position Example Middle Left Right Middle 100 Left 100 Right 100 End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part. Dy Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line. You can enter positive and negative values. Dz Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. You have the following options: 106 Field Description Dx Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line.

you can enter the positions of the part ends. in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. Top Use to define the position of the second end. relative to the picked point. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 107 .Examples Position Example Dx End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 Dy End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). You have the following options: Option Description Bottom Use to define the position of the first end. not at the level you picked.

The options are: • • 108 XZ plane XY plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. which is relative to the current work plane. you must modify their bottom level position. Alternatively. You can also define the plane of curvature. such as numbering and the creation of drawings. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments. for example a curved beam. To position the upper columns correctly.Example In this example. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. Top level = 1000. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. The number of segments affects the speed of many operations. the less angular the part appears. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. you need to specify the number of segments. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700.

3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. Pick the end point. 2. See also Creating and modifying objects (p.Examples Number of segments: 2 Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 3. 35) Part position (p. 3. Pick the starting point. 101) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 109 . Click the Create beam icon. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. 4.

. Orthogonal beam properties (p. Steel beam properties (p. 2. Click the Create curved beam icon.See also Steel beam properties (p. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. 247) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . Pick the end point (3). 2. 247) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: See also 1. 249) Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: See also 110 1. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Pick the position of the beam. Pick a point on the arc (2). Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. 4. Pick the starting point (1). 5. 3. 3..

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 111 . Double-click the end point. 2. Click the Create polybeam icon. 3. 247) Polybeam length calculation Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 4. 2. 5. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. 152) Steel beam properties (p. Polybeam chamfers (p. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking.Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. You can also create bent plates with this command. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. To create a steel polybeam: See also 1. 3. Optional: Modify the steel column properties. Click the Create column icon. Optional: To create curved segments. Pick the position of the column.

5. Twin profile properties (p. 250) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. Contour plate properties (p. Pick the starting point. 2. the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. To create a twin steel profile: See also 1. 2. To create a contour plate: See also 112 1. 107) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. 247) Levels (p. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. 3. 248) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. 4. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. Pick the starting point again. 4. 3. Pick the starting point. Pick the end point. See also Steel column properties (p. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. Click the Create contour plate icon.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 113 . You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. You can change the main part in an assembly. By default. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. Creating a contour plate (p. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts.Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: See also 1.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. 4. 3. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. 149) 3. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. See also Selecting nested assemblies and components (p. and then attached to the column in another workshop. Select the round chamfer symbol 5. 40) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop. 248) Chamfers (p. Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 112) Contour plate properties (p. or by joining assemblies together. 7. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. 2. from the list box. Click Modify. Select the plate. 6. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column.

from single parts and bolts. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. To work with nested assemblies. Built-up profile In a frame of built-up columns and beams. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies.Drawing 2. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . up to the highest level of the nested assembly. through the basic and sub-assemblies. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy.

You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. 3. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 115 . for all assembly levels. etc. and still produce dimensions. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. 40) Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. 2. 2. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. fabrication information. See also Selecting nested assemblies and components (p. marks. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu.

Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Do this Create a basic assembly Do one of the following: Create a nested assembly • Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. 2. 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. • Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. • Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. Do one of the following: • Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. . 2. Select the part you want to add. • Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. 4. • Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. 3. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. Select the assembly to add to. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. Select the assembly to add to. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. 4. 3. Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active.

The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. always starting from the highest level. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 117 . Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. To explode an assembly: 1. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level. right-click and select Assembly > Explode Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly.2.main part magenta Concrete . right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu.secondary part cyan Reinforcement blue Steel part .secondary part yellow Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects.main part orange Steel part . 2. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. Do one of the following: • • To explode the entire assembly. To only explode the sub-assembly. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. 2. The following colors are used: Object type Highlight color Concrete . Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. Select the assemblies you want to join. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1.

To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. 250) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together.Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. 2. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. Tekla Structures changes the main part. 35) Part position (p. Click the Create pad footing icon. 3. 3. c Select the assembly. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. 2. You can change the main assembly at any time.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. 4. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Select the new main assembly. See also Creating and modifying objects (p. 101) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: See also 118 1. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 3. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Pad footing properties (p. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. 2. Pick the pad footing position. Select the new main part.

Pick the points you want the footing to go through. Optional: To create curved segments. Pick the position of the column. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 3. 251) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. 2. 252) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 119 . Click the Create concrete column icon. 3. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. See also Concrete column properties (p. Double-click the end point. 2. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. Strip footing properties (p. 5.Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: See also 1. 4. chamfer the corners of the footing. Click the Create strip footing icon.

or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . Click the Create concrete beam icon. 4. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. 3. Optional: To create curved segments. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. 4. Pick the starting point. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. 2. Pick the end point. 5. Polybeam chamfers (p. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 152) Concrete beam properties (p. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. 252) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. Double-click the end point. To create a concrete polybeam: See also 1. Concrete beam properties (p. 252) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. 2. 3. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon.Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: See also 1.

Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. Type the chamfer radius in the x field. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. Pick the starting point again. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. 120) Concrete slab properties (p. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. Pick the starting point. 3. Concrete slab properties (p. 149) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Pick the corner points of the slab. 2. Click the Create concrete slab icon. 2. 4. 5.To create a concrete slab: See also 1. 253) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: See also 1. Select the round chamfer symbol 5. 4. 7. 6. Creating a concrete slab (p. 3. Select the slab. Click Modify. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 121 . Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Click the Create concrete panel icon. 2. 253) Chamfers (p. from the list box.

each part is considered a separate cast unit. 4. Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. such as steel parts and insulation.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. Select an object in the cast unit. 3. Double-click the end point. Cast units can include reinforcement. Optional: To create curved segments. Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 3. Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. 2.See also 3. 149) 3. This applies to anything that is not concrete. By default. Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. 5. chamfer the corners of the panel. Select the objects you want to add. as well as concrete parts. Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . You can change the main part in a cast unit. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. 2. For example. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit.

Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. The following colors are used: Object type Highlight color Concrete . 3. Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. Copying and moving objects (p.main part magenta Concrete . Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. 2.secondary part yellow Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. 2. 2. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit.To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. Copying a cast unit To copy a cast unit: See also 1. 4. Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. 43) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 123 . 2. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. Select the objects you want to remove. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. 2. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode.secondary part cyan Reinforcement blue Steel part . Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part.main part orange Steel part . Copy the cast unit like any other object in Tekla Structures. Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1.

4. 3. Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. Select a concrete part. Go to the Cast unit tab. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit. 2. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. Select a concrete part. select Precast or Cast in place. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. In the Cast unit type list box. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. 2.Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. 2. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. Click Modify to save the changes. Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 124 1. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. 3. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures .

Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. Select the new main part. 3. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 2. Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 125 .To hide the top-in-form face again.

126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures .

Contents • • • • • Bolts (p. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. 133) Welds (p. 135) Surface treatment (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 127 . 127) Holes (p. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes.1 Bolts To create bolts. For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. 141) Fine-tuning part shape (p.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures. 149) 4. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups.

and nuts) while creating holes. in the x direction of the bolt group. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. Circle Number of bolts. from the bolt group point of origin. in the y direction of the bolt group.You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. Diameter of the bolt group. xy list x coordinate of each bolt. as shown in the table below: Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Array Spacing between bolts. Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular xy list for any shape Circle for circular Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. from the bolt group point of origin. washers. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. y coordinate of each bolt. The dashed line indicates the x direction. Examples 128 The picked points are shown as crosses in the examples below. Spacing between bolts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures .

using the material thicknesses of the connected parts. and other factors.Bolt group shape Dimensions Array Bold dist X: 150 Picture Bold dist Y: 100 xy list Bold dist X: 75 175 Bold dist Y: 100 100 Bolt length Tekla Structures calculates bolt length automatically. The following settings in the Bolt Properties dialog box affect bolt length calculation: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 129 .

e. Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. Cut length Indicates the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. In the illustration below. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. Extra length Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length.Field Description Thread in material Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. enter a negative value for cut length (e. For example. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. -150). 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures .g.

Pick a point. Select the secondary parts. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. 6. nuts. Select the primary part. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. 255) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 131 . 5. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. etc. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. 4. nuts. relative to the bolt group x axis. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. etc.) are contained in the bolt catalog. Bolt properties (p. 3. An example bolt group: The bolts were created using the following bolt properties: • • • • • • • Shape = Array Bolt dist X = 100 100 Bolt dist Y = 200 Slotted hole X = 28 Bolt size = 20 Tolerance = 2 (overall dimension = 50) Dx Start point = 100. Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: See also 1.0 Bolt catalog Tekla Structures treats bolts as pre-defined assemblies made up of individual elements (bolts.). washers.The starting point values Dx. Tekla Structures stores bolt assemblies in the bolt assembly catalog. 2. The individual elements (bolts of different size and length. which is the bolt group origin. 7. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. washers.

select Array from the Shape list box. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. Follow the instructions on the status bar.Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: See also 1. 3. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. 255) Creating new bolts by modifying existing You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes. Under Bolt group. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . type 0. Click Apply to save the changes. 4. Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. Explode the component. Apply a component. When prompted. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. 5. 3. 2. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Bolt properties (p. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. reselect the main and secondary parts. Modify the bolt group. 2. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. 2. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 1.

Pick the bolt group origin. 4.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 3. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction.Connect part/ assembly Bolt type Result As sub-assembly Workshop or Site Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. In the Connect part/assembly list box. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. As secondary part Site No assembly created. select As sub-assembly. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. 7. 6. 2. 4. Before creating holes. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. Click Apply or OK. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • Round Oversized Slotted TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 133 . 5.

5. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. In the Hole type list box. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. 5. Click Apply to save the changes. . Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. Bolt properties (p. 2. To indicate which parts should be slotted. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. 255) Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. 3. 4. 4. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 3. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures Optional: In the Rotate slots list box.• Tapped Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. To create round holes: See also 1. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. For example. Optional: Modify the hole properties. If you do not want to create any bolts. If you do not want to create any bolts. 2. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. select Slotted. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down.

Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. 8. 255) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 135 . Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Click Apply to save the changes.Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes See also 7. Follow the instructions on the status bar. See also 6. or apply components that automatically create welds. select Oversized. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. you can create single welds. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes.3 Welds To create welds in Tekla Structures. In the Oversize field. Bolt properties (p. 4. 7. 3. Bolt properties (p. • Polygon welds You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. 2. Click Apply to save the changes. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. 5. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 255) 4. In the Hole type list box. You can create the following types of welds: • Regular welds Tekla Structures welds the two parts together using the weld position in the Weld Properties dialog box. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. If you do not want to create any bolts.

or z). polygon welds move with the primary part. The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction.If you move welded parts. Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. Examples 136 The following images show welds in different positions. • Single part welds Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . y.

The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix Description a Design throat thickness s Penetration throat thickness z Leg length TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 137 . but only if the Size checkbox is also selected.Secondary part Main part Secondary part Main part Assembly main part Assembly main part Welding order secondary primary Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings.

138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . If you are creating a workshop weld.Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. this is the primary part. If you are creating a workshop weld. 3. 2. 7. 4. Weld properties (p. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. Select the part to weld to. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. If you move the welded parts. Select the part to weld to. 3. 256) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. this is the secondary part. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. the polygon weld moves with the primary part. 2. 6. this is the primary part. To undo the last pick. To finish picking. If you are creating a workshop weld. press Backspace or click Edit > Undo Last Polygon Pick. If you are creating a workshop weld. this is the secondary part. Pick the corners of a polygon. Optional: Modify the weld properties. 4. 5. Select the part to be welded. See also Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. 5. Select the part to be welded. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct.

2. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. Tekla Structures subsequently deletes this cutting part. Some weld types and connections also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. 3.Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. 5. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. Select the part that you want to weld. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 139 . Pick the points you want the weld to pass through. use the SPD profile. without connecting any other parts: Example 1. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. Tekla Structures displays weld preparations using cyan dash-and-dot lines. When preparing welds. Tekla Structures bevels the parts to be welded using an anti-material cutting part. To finish picking.

select As sub-assembly. As secondary part Site No assembly created. In the Connect part/assembly list box. 3. 2. Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. You can create workshop welds and site welds. Connect part/ assembly Workshop/Site Result As sub-assembly Workshop or Site Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . Select a part in the assembly to weld to. Preparing parts for welding To manually prepare parts to be welded: 1. When you connect assemblies. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE. Select the part that you want to cut. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the primary part in assembly drawings. 4. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. 3. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. The largest primary part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. Click Apply or OK. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. The first part you select becomes the primary part of the assembly. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. Select the cutting part. Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy.To prevent automatic weld preparation. Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 140 1. 2.

Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part.. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. 4. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. for example. Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1.5. When you create overlapping surface treatments. select the type of surface treatment to use. Click the Select. to select a material from the catalog. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. select the specific surface treatment. In the Type list box. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. When you redefine the properties of a part (e. 6. In the Surface treatment name list box. 2. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. 4. 3. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 141 . surface mixes. you change the size of a part). and tiles.g... 5..

Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment.6. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. The options are Middle. b Select the part face. 3. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 2. 2. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 4. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. In the At depth list box. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 8. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. Front. 9. b On the Pattern tab. b Select the part face. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. select Tile surface from the Type list box. Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 142 1. 3. 3. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. and Behind. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 4. 2. 7. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views. select the location of the surface treatment. The faces that you can select appear in blue. Pick the direction. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. 2.

4. Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. left. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. • The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. or right). • The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. bottom. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: 5. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 143 . Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers.

The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox. Open the product_finishes. Do not edit this section: 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . To create new surface treatment options: 1.. The file is located in the . You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.\environments\<your_environment>\system folder.dat file using any text editor. Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users.

such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. Save the file. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. For example. 1 for concrete finish. 4. b c Define a code for the surface treatment option. For example.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. // // // // // 1 1 1 3. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" Add rows to define new options. MF for Magnesium Float. Magnesium Float. Define the full name of the surface treatment option. Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 145 . a Define the surface treatment type. For example. Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users.

Tile The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). Optional. • Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog. Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog. Required. • • Located in the . TilePatternCatalog. Optional. defined from the origin of the pattern..\environments\<your_environment >\system folder. herringbone. Required. Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. Filenames identify the pattern types. TileOrigin The origin of an individual tile.xml • • Contains the tile pattern definitions. For example.. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures .\nt\bitmaps folder.dtd Thumbnail images Located in the . HOffset Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. TilePattern Tile pattern element.File Description TilePatternCatalog. Optional. Optional.xml file can contain the following elements: Element Description TilePatternCatalog The container for tile patterns.xml file. • Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog. At least one required. Parameter Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. Label The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table.xml file.xml file. VOffset Vertical offset of the tile pattern. • The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type. Required. Required. Color Color of the tile or mortar.

Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment. starting from the origin of the surface treatment. You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog.Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin. the pattern is defined as follows: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 147 .xml file.

The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction.

and manufacturing reasons. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define. 95) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. and concrete panels). Save the TilePatternCatalog. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 149 . steel and concrete polybeams. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. Open the TilePatternCatalog.xml file. 4.. Other elements are optional. 2. In Tekla Structures. See also Creating and Modifying Structures (p. concrete slabs. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part.\environments\<your_environment>\system folder. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements.xml file using any text editor.Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. 3. you can chamfer part corners and part edges. practical. The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. and then modify it to suit your needs. The file is located in the . 4.

Double-click the handle of any part corner. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. 4. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. 2. You can modify the default chamfers. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify.Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. Corner chamfer properties (p. which does not change the geometry of the part. 258) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. Click Modify. Select the part. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used Line x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Rounding x: the radius y: not used 150 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . See also 3. 5. Modify the chamfer properties. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system.

a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. Square parallel x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner x (if smaller than y): the arc radius Line and arc x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. Square x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge.Type Icon Dimensions x: the radius Arc y: not used x: not used Arc point y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. 4. Select the part you want to chamfer. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. c Click OK. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 151 . 2. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. 3. 6. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. b Modify the chamfer properties. Optional: Modify the chamfer. 5. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge.

259) Polybeam chamfers By default. Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 152 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures Color Description Magenta Correct chamfer Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer Example .See also Edge chamfer properties (p. You can modify the default chamfers.

Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. perpendicular to the view plane. which passes through the cutting line you pick. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. 3. use the Cut Part commands instead. 2. set the variable XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. and so on.To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. which makes it easier to create connections. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. Pick the second point of the cutting line. In situations like this. details. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. Fitting symbol Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. Tekla Structures displays the fitting in the model using a blue fitting symbol. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 153 .

3. Pick the side you want to remove. You can create the following types of cuts in Tekla Structures: • • • Line cuts (p. Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. perpendicular to the view plane. see Fittings affect NC data. 2. Tekla Structures displays the cut in the model using a blue cut symbol. Exact representation (without cut symbol) Fast representation (with cut symbol) By default. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. 5. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. which passes through the cutting line you pick. 156) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane. To cut a part with a line: 154 1. Pick the first point of the cutting line. Pick the second point of the cutting line. For more information on how to change this.Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. 155) Part cuts (p. Select the part you want to cut. 154) Polygon cuts (p.

it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away. Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. Exact representation (without symbol) Fast representation Polygon-shaped cut You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges.Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 155 . Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. You must create cuts in a plane view. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dotdash lines.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . for example. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. 2. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. click Edit > Undo Last Polygon Pick. Part cuts You can cut a part using another part. 3. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. To close the polygon. Tekla Structures displays the cut as an anti-material part shown in dot-dash lines. You can cut parts that already have cuts. This can be useful. 5. Select the part you want to cut. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part 2. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. To undo the last pick. Cutting parts with another part Before you start. Select the part you want to cut.For example. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dot-dash lines. To cut a part with another part: 156 1. Cuts are displayed using dot-dash lines Cut lines can be hidden in a view Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. 4.

6. Select the cutting part. Delete the cutting part. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. 3). or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. Click the selected chamfer. Select the part you want to modify. Pick an existing corner (1). 2. concrete slabs. You can also use drag-and-drop to modify the shape of a polygon: 1.3. Pick the corner to remove (5). a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. 4. and strip footings. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. and drag the chamfer to a new position. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. 2. hold down the mouse button. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. Pick another existing corner (4). 5. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. concrete panels. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 157 . contour plates. Select a chamfer. The part cut does not affect other parts. Press D to activate drag-and-drop. 4. Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. 3. 3. Pick new corners for the polygon (2.

158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 1. Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. Select the part to attach to. Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. 3. Click Edit > Combine. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. 2.When you select the parts you want to combine. When you combine parts. Select the part you want to attach. 3. Select the second part. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. Click Detailing > Attach Part. 2. Select the first part. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part.

Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. Select the part you want to split. Click Edit > Split. 160) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1.You can use splitting with straight parts. Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. Warp a concrete slab Move the chamfers. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. 159) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. 3. 4. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. welds or surface treatments. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 159 . and on the same side of the part. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. check the result after splitting. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. Click Edit > Split. If you split contour plates that have bolts. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. 3. Select the part you want to split. You cannot split polybeams. curved beams without offsets. 2. 2. Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: See also To Do this Warp a concrete beam Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. 160) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. Pick a point for the dividing line. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part.

use the dz1 field. 4. For example. Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. use the dz2 field. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. 2. Click OK to close the dialog box.2. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. 3. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. Select the chamfer you want to move. relative to the part reference line. 4. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. 6. In the Start field. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 5. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. Click Modify to warp the slab. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . • • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. 2. In the End field. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. For example. relative to the part reference line. Go to the Deforming tab. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. Click OK to close the dialog box. Modify the chamfer properties. 3. Click Modify to warp the beam. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field.

In the Move . Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. which warps the slabs. 8. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 161 . to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. skews. 7. To see the warping angle of a single slab. in other words. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. and embeds in the model. • • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. Click Move. and go to the Deforming tab. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. Cambering affects the position of cuts. 6. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. 5. For example. type a value in the appropriate direction field.3. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu.Linear dialog box. 4.

where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. Shortening parts in drawings Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. type a negative value in the Shortening field. In the Cambering field. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . including the template output. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. 3.The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. Double-click the part to open the part properties dialog box. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. 3. 2. define the degree of shortening. In the Shortening field. Go to the Deforming tab. define the degree of camber. Click Modify. Click Modify. 4. Shortening a part To shorten a part in drawings: 1. The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. When drawings are created. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. 2. Double-click the part to open the part properties dialog box. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. Go to the Deforming tab. 4.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 163 . Click Modify. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. Go to the Deforming tab. Double-click the part to open the part properties dialog box. In the Shortening field. 3.Lengthening a part To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. For example. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. enter a negative value. 2. 4.

164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures .

and show and hide objects in a view. Contents • • • • • • Viewing the model (p. See also Checking the model (p. 173) Showing and hiding objects (p. or a combination of both. 171) Filtering objects (p. 190) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. and backward to zoom out.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. filter objects. you can move and rotate the model. Scroll forward to zoom in. 184) Checking the model (p. keyboard shortcuts. You can use a mouse. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 165 . or pull out for a wider view. 165) Inquiring the model (p. 190) 5.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors. 179) Visualizing project status (p. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel. It also explains how to inquire object properties.

the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. Zoom settings To modify zoom settings. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Use the variable XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. c Click Modify. Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. To zoom out. Create a zoom window. Click the Magnifier icon. . Magnifier works only in wire frame views. Do one of the following: • • To zoom in. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. Open a wire frame view of the model. 2. select Wire frame. Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Use the variable XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model b In the View type list box. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. press Page Up. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel Use the variable XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE.If you do not have a wheel mouse. see the corresponding menu tooltip. press Page Down. do any of the following: To Do this Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. Place the mouse pointer over the model. e Click a starting corner for the zoom window. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. 2. For more information on each command. and then drag the pointer to size the window. 3. If this option is off.

To change the level of magnification. To rotate the model. menu commands.As you move the pointer in the general view. Rotating the model You can use the mouse. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 167 . zoom in and out in the zoom window. keyboard shortcuts. In wire frame views. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. 4.

To

Do this

Rotate using the middle mouse
button

1.
2.

Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the
middle mouse button to rotate the model.
To relocate the center of rotation, press v, and then
pick a position in the view.
Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view
point.

Rotate using the left mouse
button

1.
2.

Press Ctrl + R.
Pick a position in the view.
Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view
point.

Rotate using menu commands or
keyboard shortcuts

3.

Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate
the model.

1.

Click View > Rotate and select one of the
commands.
The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the
work area.
For more information on each command, see the
corresponding menu tooltip.

Moving the model
To move the entire model, use any of the following methods:

To

Do this

Move the model using the middle
mouse button

Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the
model anywhere within the view window.

Move the model using the Pan
command

1.

Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate
dynamic panning,
The mouse pointer changes to a hand.

2.
3.
Move the model using keyboard
shortcuts or menu commands

Hold down the left mouse button and drag the
mouse anywhere within the view window.
To stop panning, press Esc.

Do one of the following:

Use the up, down, left and right arrows on the
keyboard.

Click View > Move and then select one of the
commands.

Flying through the model
Using the Fly command, you can travel through a model, changing direction and varying the
speed as you go. You can also adjust the field of view setting, which can be useful when flying
in a tight space.

168

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Examining the Model

To fly through a model:
1.

2.

Set view projection to Perspective.
a
Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.
b

In the Projection list box, select Perspective.

c

Click Modify.

Optional: Adjust the field of view setting.
a
Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options... > Model View.
b

Modify the variable XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW.

c

Click OK.

3.

Click View > Fly.

4.

Select a view. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. The arrow indicates
the current flying direction.

5.

Drag the mouse to move around in the model.

To change the flying direction, drag the mouse in the desired direction.
The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a
distance.




6.
See also

To move up or down, hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward.
To change the camera angle, scroll with the mouse wheel.
To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle, hold down Shift and scroll
forward or backward.

To stop flying, press Esc.

XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW

Creating a clip plane
Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. You can create up to six
clip planes in any rendered model view.
To create a clip plane:
1.

Click View > Create Clip Plane.

2.

Select a plane. The clip plane symbol appears in the model:

3.

To finish creating clip planes, press Esc.

4.

To move the clip plane, click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Examining the Model

169

5.

To delete a clip plane, click the clip plane symbol and press Delete.

Creating a screenshot
A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box, view, or the entire Tekla Structures window. You can
use screenshots in posters, brochures, or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla
Structures.
To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view:

See also

1.

Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered.

2.

Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom...

3.

To define which view to create the screenshot from, click Pick view and select a view.

4.

Under Capture, select Rendered view.

5.

Click Options... The Screenshot Options dialog box appears.

6.

Set the desired properties and click OK.

7.

Click Capture.

Screenshot settings (p. 243)

Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista
Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista, the screenshot commands might not always
work properly. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem:

170

Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom...

Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box
in Windows Vista.

Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Examining the Model

Saving a screenshot in bitmap format
By default, screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (.png) files. You can also
save a screenshot in bitmap (.bmp) format to use it, for example, as a custom component
thumbnail.
To save a screenshot in bitmap format:
1.

Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom...

2.

Select Place on clipboard.

3.

Click Capture.

4.

Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in .bmp format.

The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the
number of pixels.

Printing a screenshot
You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer.
To print a screenshot:
1.

Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing.

2.

Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands:




To capture the entire Tekla Structures window, select Main Frame.
To capture the last dialog box displayed, select Dialog.
To capture the active view, select View.
To capture the active view without borders, select View without Borders.

5.2 Inquiring the model
Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects
and model size.
See also

Part properties (p. 247)

Inquiring object properties
Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object, or a group of
objects, within the model.
To inquire object properties:
1.

Click Tools > Inquire > Object.

2.

Select an object.
Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Examining the Model

171

Object property report templates
When you view object properties using the Inquire object command, Tekla Structures uses the
following report templates:

Part type

Template

Parts

TS_Report_Inquire_Part.rpt

Assemblies

TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly.rpt

Cast units

TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit.rpt

Welds

TS_Report_Inquire_Welding.rpt

Reference models

TS_Report_Inquire_Reference.rpt

You can modify these templates according to your needs. For more information on how to use
templates, see the Template Editor user documentation.

Using the Custom Inquiry tool
Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate
window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. By default, the tool shows the
total area, weight, and length of the selected model object.
To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool:
1.

Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry....
The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears.

2.

Select a part.
Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window.

Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool
You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box.
To modify the contents of the tool window:
1.

Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry....
The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears.

2.

Click Manage contents...
The Manage Contents dialog box appears. The Attributes list contains all of the
available attributes. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are
displayed in the tool window.

3.

4.

Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list.

To modify the default attributes, edit the InquiryTool.config file in the
..\environments\common\macros\modeling\InquiryToolAttri
butes folder.

To create new calculated attributes, click Add…. You can use standard
mathematical symbols (+, -, *, and /) to form equations.

To modify the calculated attributes, click Edit....

Define which attributes are shown in the tool window.

172

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Examining the Model

To add more attributes to the tool window, click an item in the Attributes list and
then click the right arrow button.

Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file.config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. You can create two types of filters: view filters and selection filters. 4. UNIT. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. use the Up and Down buttons. use a selection filter to select the beams. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. MAX. For example. Filters are particularly useful for complicated models that contain a large number of objects. Save the file. Change the position number of the new attribute. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. • • To change the order of the attributes. For example. The file is located in the . 5. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global. DISPLAY_NAME. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool.config file: 1. To change the formula of an attribute.lst file.\TeklaStructures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder.\environments\common\macros\modeling\InquiryToolAttribut es folder.. if you only want to produce drawings of the beams in the model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 173 .config file in any standard text editor. Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users. Open the InquiryTool. Example Create a selection filter for a rule set in the Master Drawing Catalog to automatically create drawings of desired objects. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM. 5. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global.3 Filtering objects Use filtering when you want to perform an operation on several objects or properties at the same time.• To remove attributes from the tool window. 2. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66]. DATATYPE. AVERAGE. or MIN) from the list box. Modify the NAME. 6. 3. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. Use the InquiryTool.. Tekla Structures contains several standard filters you can use. By default. the file contains 65 attributes. For example.lst file located in the .

Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button.. Filtering objects using a selection filter Selection filters help you select objects in a model. Select a filter from the Visible object group list box. right after the standard filter. 5. 3. the object must be visible in the relevant view. to open the Object Group . and Condition list boxes. view setup. 2. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. To use selection filters on an object. use capital letters in the filter name. Click Object group. To filter objects using a view filter: 1. The selection switches also affect which objects you can select. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. b Select options from the Category. The work area. view depth. 3. Modify the filter settings. Select a filter from the Available selection filters list box: 2. Select all or part of the objects in the model. Select the check boxes next to all filter rows that you want to enable. based on object properties.View Filter dialog box. d Add more rows. and object representation settings also affect the visibility of objects. To filter objects using a selection filter: 1. 2. 4.. Click Modify. . type a value or select one from the model. Only objects allowed by the filter are displayed. c In the Value list box. The check boxes define which rows of the filter are enabled and effective. Property. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. To have the filter appear at the top of the list. Creating a view filter To create a view filter: 1. 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model Click Save as to save the filter. Only objects allowed by the filter can be selected. 6. a Click Add row.Filtering objects using a view filter View filters define which objects are displayed in a view.

You can use wildcards to shorten filter strings. 3. Click Save as to save the filter. 5. use capital letters in the filter name. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. to open the Object Group . The same filtering techniques can be used for both view and selection filters.Creating a selection filter To create a selection filter: 1. create an empty view or selection filter. type a value or select one from the model. See also Wildcards (p. The filter is now looking for an object that has the Name BEAM or COLUMN.. 3. 5. 2.Selection Filter dialog box. 2. c In the Value list box. a Click Add row. 4. right after the standard filter. Fill in the part names. d Add more rows. 176) Filtering beams and columns Before you start. b Select options from the Category. BEAM and COLUMN. Select the Or option. and Condition list boxes. Select the check boxes next to all filter rows that you want to enable. The check boxes define which rows of the filter are enabled and effective. Enter a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 4. To filter beams and columns: 1. Property. Click Add row twice to add two new rows. Filtering examples This section gives some examples of filters that you can create. create an empty view or selection filter. To filter parts in specific phases: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 175 . and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. Filtering parts in specific phases Before you start. Modify the filter settings.. To have the filter appear at the top of the list. Click Save as. Click Edit > Selection Filter.

select Reference object. separate their IDs with spaces. In the Condition list box. 5. Filtering out reference models Before you start. A wildcard is a symbol that stands for one or more characters. 2. 4.1. Fill in the part phases. Click Save as. BL200*20. 2. create an empty view filter. 3. Filtering out parts that have a certain profile If you only want to select certain parts. Click Save as. Click Save as. create an empty view or selection filter. Tekla Structures uses the following wildcards: 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model . Click Add row. Enter a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. Click Add row. To hide several reference models. To filter out parts that have the profile BL200*20: 1. Click Add row. 7. 2. Wildcards You can use wildcards to shorten filter strings. In the Property list box. Select Does not equal from the Condition list box. 6. Separate the strings with a blank space. Fill in the profile. Enter a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 3. create a complement filter to filter out the remaining parts. In the Category list box. Enter a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 5. 4. select Id number. select Does not equal. 4. enter the ID numbers of the reference models you want to hide. In the Value list box. 1 and 2. Before you start. 3. To hide certain reference models using a view filter: 1.

enclose the entire value in quotation marks (for example. HEB400. separate the strings with blank spaces (for example. enclose * or ? in square brackets. parentheses. "custom panel"). If a value consists of multiple strings. You can also this symbol at the beginning of a word: *BRAC*. and the And/Or option you can create filters that can be as complex as needed. 12 5). enter P100[*]10 in the filter field. ? (question mark) Matches a single character HE?400 matches parts with profile names such as HEA400. By using conditions. If you use multiple values. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 177 . Template attributes in filtering This section is for advanced users. For example. You can also have multiple filtering values for each property. use the And option when possible to avoid potential problems with more complex rules. When you create rules between objects that represent different categories.Wildcard Description Example * (asterisk) Matches any number or characters HE* matches all parts with a profile name that begins with the characters "HE". and HEC400 [ ] (square brackets) Matches whatever is enclosed in the brackets L[78]X4X1/2 matches parts with the profile names L7X4X1/2 and L8X4X1/2 The characters * and ? can also be used in object names. Possible values in filtering You can create filters that contain several properties. to find the profile P100*10. If the object name you want to filter contains * or ?. Empty values are matched to empty properties in filtering.

The following table lists the numbers and the corresponding assembly types: Value Assembly type 0 precast 1 cast in place 2 steel 3 timber 6 miscellaneous Bolts and welds in filtering Tekla Structures follows these principles when filtering bolts or welds: • If the category you have selected is Bolt or Weld. use the Select from model. option in the Value list box. and you select the option Select from model.. Tekla Structures uses the phase of that part in filtering. Tekla Structures returns the value as a number. and then select the desired template attribute from the Property list box. . Tekla Structures uses the phase number of the actual bolt or weld in filtering. The number indicates the type of assembly in question. Tekla Structures also uses the phase number of the secondary part for filtering bolts and welds. Assembly types in filtering If the category you have selected is Assembly.. Use the following units when filtering template attributes.. in the Value list box..You can select objects according to template attributes. • If the bolt or weld is connected only to one part. Copying a filter to another model To copy a filter to another model: 1. • If the category you have selected is Assembly or Object. To do this. even when using the US Imperial environment: • • • • mm for length mm2 for area kg for weight degree for angle To check which unit Tekla Structures uses for a particular template attribute. 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model Select the filter you want to copy. select Template from the Category list box. the property you have selected is Assembly type.

2.4 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model.VObjGrp. View filters have the file name extension *. 5.The filters you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 2. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. and selection filters have the file name extension *. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 179 . View filters have the file name extension *..SObjGrp. Restart Tekla Structures. Delete the filter file located in the model’s attributes folder. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them.. This can be useful. copy the file to the system folder. The Display dialog box appears.SObjGrp. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. 3. 245) Hiding parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. 2. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. for example. Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: See also 1. Select where you want to copy the filter. Display settings (p. Restart Tekla Structures. and selection filters have the file name extension *. • To make the filter available in all models.VObjGrp. When you redraw a view. Deleting a filter To delete a filter: 1. • To make the filter available in another model. 3. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. Click Display.

To show the unselected parts as sticks. Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. 4. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. 2. To make the parts visible again. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. Click View > Hide Part. To make the parts visible again. Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model . Select the parts you want to hide. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. The unselected parts become almost transparent. 3. To clear the exact lines effect. To display a part with exact lines: 1. To completely hide the parts. To completely hide the unselected parts. 3. The parts are shown as sticks. 3. do one of the following: • • Click View > Redraw All. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. Select the part.Hiding selected parts To hide selected parts: 1. do one of the following: • • Click View > Redraw All. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. 2. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. 2. click View > Redraw All. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command.

83) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Do this Display the contents of a component • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. cuts. Tekla Structures displays all parts. Click View > Redraw All. Click Object group.. to open the Object Representation dialog box. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • Select the assembly you want to hide. and other details belonging to the component. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. Refreshing views (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 181 . 2. See also Hide a component 1. fittings. welds. Refreshing views (p. bolts.To Do this Display the contents of an assembly • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu.. welds. Click View > Redraw All. Right-click and select Redraw View. and other details belonging to the assembly. See also Hide an assembly 1. Creating an object group To create an object group: 1. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. Right-click and select Redraw View..Representation dialog box. 2. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 83) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. Tekla Structures displays all bolts. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. 2. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties.. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. to open the Object Group . Make a hidden component visible again Do one of the following: • • Select the component you want to hide.

Restart Tekla Structures. For example. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. and to create customized presentations of defined objects. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model . 3. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. and they have the file name extension *. Select where you want to copy the object group. b Select options from the Category. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. Click Save as to save the object group.3. Restart Tekla Structures. c In the Value list box. Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. and Condition list boxes. 6. Object groups have the file name extension *. type a value or select one from the model. Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. • To make an object group available in another model.PObjGrp. 5. • To make an object group available in all models. Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. 4. 2. Property. d Add more rows. copy the file to the system folder. Select the object group you want to copy. Modify the object group settings.PObjGrp. 2. The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. a Click Add row.

Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button 9. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 183 . To create object representation settings: 1. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. 4. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 8. while all other parts are 90% transparent Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. 7. 5. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group.. 6.Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. 2. Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. Click Add row. If an object belongs to several object groups. 3.. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change to order of the rows.

If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. • To make the settings available in all models. 242) Transparency settings (p.. To create project status visualizations. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. select one of the predefined object representation settings. or OK. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. a In the Object representation list box. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 184 1.. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. 2. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model.rep. 5. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. 3. Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder.rep. 2. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. For example. and they have the file name extension *. 243) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. Restart Tekla Structures. Select where you want to copy the settings. • To make the settings available in another model. Apply. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model .5 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. 2. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. copy them to the system folder. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. Restart Tekla Structures. See also Color settings (p. Modify the visualization settings.

b

Define a start and end date for the time scale slider.

c

Define the length of the time step.

3.

Select the Refresh view automatically check box.

4.

Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button.

5.

Click Save as to save the visualization settings.

6.

To view the visualization in the model, click the step buttons.

Copying visualization settings to another model
To copy project status visualization settings to another model:
1.

Select the visualization settings you want to copy.
The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder, and they
have the file name extension *.4d.

2.

Select where you want to copy the settings.

To make the settings available in another model, copy them to the attributes
folder of the destination model.

To make the settings available in all models, copy them to the system folder.

3.

Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*.rep) and object group files
(*.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will
work correctly.

4.

Restart Tekla Structures.

Deleting visualization settings
To delete project status visualization settings:
1.

Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder.
Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *.4d.

2.

Restart Tekla Structures.

Project status visualization example
This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization
tool available in Tekla Structures.
In the following example, you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific
user-defined attribute. After that, you will create object groups to define which objects are
shown in the model, and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in
the model. Finally, you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status
visualization tool.

Example: Defining an erection schedule
In this example, you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute
Planned erection date.
To define an erection schedule:
1.

Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.

2.

Modify the value of the user-defined attribute Planned erection date on the Status tab.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Examining the Model

185

3.

Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared.

4.

Select the Planned erection date check box.

5.

Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date.

To make it easier to select parts, create a separate selection filter for each
group of parts.

6.

Click Modify.

7.

Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model.

Example: Creating object groups
In this example, you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the
model.
To create the object group:
1.

Click View > Representation > Object representation....

2.

In the Object Representation dialog box, click Object group....

3.

In the Object Group - Representation dialog box, create an object group that includes
all objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is earlier than or equal to
the review date.
a
In the Category list box, select Object.
b

In the Property list box, select Planned erection date.

c

In the Condition list box, select Earlier than or equal.

d

In the Value list box, select Select date... The Select Date dialog box appears.

e

Select Review date and click OK.

4.

In the field next to the Save as button, type a name for the group. For example,
plan_same_or_before_review_date.

5.

Click Save as.

Example: Creating object representation settings
In this example, you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are
shown in the model.
To create object representation settings:

186

1.

Click View > Representation > Object Representation... to open the Object
Representation dialog box.

2.

Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in
Example: Creating object groups (p. 186).
a
Click Add row.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Examining the Model

b

In the Object group list box, select the object group you just created.

c

In the Color list box, select Color by class.

d

In the Transparency list box, select Visible.

3.

Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All.
a
Click Add row.
b

In the Object group list box, select the object group All.

c

In the Color list box, select Color by class.

d

In the Transparency list box, select Hidden.

4.

In the field next to the Save as button, type a name for the object representation settings.

5.

Click Save as.

Example: Creating visualization settings
In this example, you will create project status visualization settings.
To create visualization settings:
1.

Click Tools > Project Status Visualization... to open the Project Status Visualization
dialog box.

2.

Define the length of the time step.

3.

Define a start and end date for the time scale slider.

4.

In the Object representation list box, select the object representation setting you
created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. 186).

5.

Select the Refresh view automatically check box.

6.

In the field next to the Save as button, type a name for the visualization.

7.

Click Save as to save the visualization settings.

Example: Visualizing the erection schedule
In this example, you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status
Visualization tool.

To visualize the erection schedule:
1.

Click Tools > Project Status Visualization... to open the Project Status Visualization
dialog box.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Examining the Model

187

2.

In the list box next to the Load button, select the visualization setting you created in
Example: Creating visualization settings (p. 187).

3.

Click Load.

4.

To view the visualization in the model, click the step buttons.
The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date:

Review date
November 02

November 05

November 08

188

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Examining the Model

Visualization

Review date

Visualization

November 11

November 14

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Examining the Model

189

190) Detecting clashes (p. 194) Finding distant objects (p. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model . 194) Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. it is useful to check the model for errors. the distance between two points and between bolts.Review date Visualization November 17 November 20 5. See also Measuring objects (p. 192) Comparing parts or assemblies (p.6 Checking the model When the model is complete.

Select a bolt group. 3. Measuring distances To measure horizontal. see the corresponding menu tooltip. To measure bolt spacing: 1. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. Click Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. Pick the starting point. 4. 3. Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. For more information on each command. 2. Select a part. Pick the starting point. Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. Pick the end point. 2.All measurements are temporary. Pick the end point. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 191 . Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. 2. 5. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. 4. Pick the center point. Click Tools > Measure > Angle. 3. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part.

If parts. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. 2. To quickly locate and view colliding parts. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. Select the objects you want to check. hold down F while selecting a line. Click Tools > Clash Check. bolts. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding parts in the model. or stop checking.Detecting clashes When you have completed your model. 3. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. 192 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model . You can continue working during the clash check. use the Clash Check tool to find parts. you can choose whether to continue checking. To have Tekla Structures automatically fit the work area to include only the selected parts. bolts. or reference model objects collide. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log in the List dialog box. Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. Clashes of objects that are only touching one another are not included in the clash check log. select a row in the List dialog box. or reference model objects that collide.

00.. Reference model clash checking If you are checking a reference model for clashes. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1. the clearance will be zero. 2. Click Tools > Options > Options. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. If you clear the check boxes. If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog.. Click Apply or OK.Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. 5. d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4. go to the Clash check page. Modify the bolt clearance values. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 193 . it uses the shank diameter instead. 3. If the fields are empty. In the Options dialog box. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1.

only the old clash checking functionality is available. You can. See also 194 XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model . 2. Click Tools > Compare. You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams. select a part in each assembly. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects. inquire or delete the object. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar. which does not recognize clashes with reference models. • • 2. select two parts in the model. the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. To find distant objects: 1. Comparing parts or assemblies To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Finding distant objects When the work area is huge. columns or plates). Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. running the clash check may sometimes be slow. 3. To compare parts. Select an object in the list. for example. Select the objects you want to compare. In the Viewer and Drafter configurations. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality. see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. To compare assemblies. For more information on the old clash checking functionality. and then select either Parts or Assemblies.Reverting to the old clash checking functionality If you are working on a large model.

or assembly report the properties of identical parts. 195) Numbering objects (p. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks. 204) Viewing the numbering history (p. Contents • • • • • • • • What is numbering (p. 205) 6.1 What is numbering Tekla Structures uses numbers to identify parts. and therefore numbers them differently. and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software. 197) Numbering series (p. for example to: • • • connect a drawing with the right part. cast units. 204) Creating a standard part model (p. cast unit. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part.6 Numbering the Model This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures. assembly. 195) What affects numbering (p.2 What affects numbering Tekla Structures treats objects as different. if the following properties differ: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model 195 . and exporting models. cast units. cast unit. 6. and multi-drawings. 204) Clearing numbers (p. or export files from a model. and assemblies when producing drawings and reports. 201) Changing numbers (p.

and gives them the same number. modify the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.• • • • • • • • Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes To define which properties affect numbering in your model. if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box. Identical reinforcements Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered. shortened. if the following properties are the same: • • • • • 196 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius . If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance. Tekla Structures gives the parts different numbers. or warped). By default. as long as only one part has that particular number. the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Class and phase do not affect numbering. a part retains its number. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same: • • • • • Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Identical parts Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. For example.

To number objects in a model: 1. User-defined attributes in numbering Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different. • • • To number all the objects. Reinforcements If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes. Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. b Modify the settings. To number only the new and modified objects. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. In that case. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the commands.\environments\<your_environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. Class does not affect numbering. select Number All Objects (Full Numbering). select Number Modified Objects. Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. Parts If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes.. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes. and therefore numbers them differently.. To number the welds.inp file located in the . For example.3 Numbering objects Tekla Structures keeps a list of objects that have been modified or created since numbering was last carried out. select Number Welds.Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config. 6. This gives them identical bar geometry. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box... When you number the model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model 197 . Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. 2. two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm.. if the values of a user-defined attribute differ. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. you can choose whether you want to number all the objects or only the new and modified objects. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up. c Click Apply or OK. Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.

In this case you should renumber the parts. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model . If you add new parts. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • The x. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. the x coordinate. Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. • The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. The prefix varies based on the part type. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis.See also General numbering settings (p. Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. The default starting number is 1. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. if the variable XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. for example. However. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. 260) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. 259) Weld numbering settings (p. However. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts.

their z coordinates are also compared. the sort order is X Y Z. Indicate which parts to consider. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. number the model.. their y coordinates are also compared. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. 2. To only consider specific parts. Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model 199 . Select the parts.1. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). Example In the following example. Second direction is Y. select the parts. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. and Third direction is Z. do not select any parts. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. With negative directions (such as -X). the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first.. To consider all parts in the model. Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. In the Numbering list box. specify which parts get control numbers. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. When you assign control numbers. if First direction is -X. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. For example. 2. • • 3. If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system.

Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 . and then click Create. b In the Step value field. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. 5. Number the model. etc. Click Apply. Number the model. Modify one of the beams. or specific parts. 3. to assign the control numbers 2. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. 3. 2. a In the Start number of control numbers field. do not select any parts in the model. Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. select the parts in the model. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series.4. 6. 5. and then click Create. 4. 261) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. 5. In the Status list box. For example. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. 7.. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. See also 6. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. 8. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. All the beams have the part position number P1. Number the model. Click Apply. 8. 11. Control number settings (p. type the first control number to be used. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. Define the control numbers to be used. 4. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. 2. define the interval. To number identical beams: 1. In the Renumber list box. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers.

. The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a starting number. they get unique qualifier numbers. 2. Click Modify.6. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. the concrete part prefix is C. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types. When you run numbering. the steel part mark prefix is P. Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. 4. Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model 201 . You do not have to specify a part prefix (for example. define a part prefix and a starting number. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. Example For example. P1003. and assemblies into groups. cast units. However. for example. By default. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. For example. P1002. This can be used. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. Under Numbering series.4 Numbering series You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts. When you use family numbering. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and starting number 1001. 3.. and the starting number is 1. . To assign a numbering series to a part: 1. go to the Cast unit tab. Double-click the part to open the part properties dialog box. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number.

Go to the Family numbering tab. 7. 204) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 4. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change. 5. 4. If you do not select any check boxes. Update numbering in the model. Under Compare. 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model . to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 6. and then click Add. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box. If you select all the check boxes. only one family number per series is assigned. Select at least one check box. Click Apply. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. clear the existing numbers. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. b Select a numbering series from the list. Click Assign. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>.. and each pair has the same length. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields.. 2. but not all of them.db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. Family numbering example In this example. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position..1. The parts have the same main profile. 2. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list.. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. but the holes are different. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. See also Clearing numbers (p. 3. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. 3.

Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. All beams have the same profile. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. but each pair has a different length. • • • • The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. If a series overlaps another. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model 203 .

204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model . see the corresponding menu tooltip. see Numbering history log. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands.. For more information on each command. or family numbers after you run numbering.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2. To change the position numbers: 1. Next time you run numbering. Click Assign. Select an object.6. 6. 6. 2. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. If the number you specified is already in use. This command does not change the numbering series.6 Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. This is for information only and the number is still changed. multi-position. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands.7 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. Set the desired properties. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. see the corresponding menu tooltip. For information on how to interpret the log file. 3.. assembly. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file. 2. 4. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. For more information on each command. To clear the position numbers: 1.5 Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part..

7. Click Check for standard parts and Apply. 12. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 10. STD1. 6.6. 3. Open another model. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard part model. For example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model 205 ... To create a standard part model: 1.. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example. 5. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. Ensure that the standard part model does not contain duplicate prefixes. > Numbering. If you have selected the Part name check box. 11. 8. Delete all unnecessary items. Save the standard part model. StandardParts. 9. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. and so on). it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard part model. 2. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard part model to all identical parts found in the project model.. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options.8 Creating a standard part model A standard part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. STD2. 4. Explode all components. Check that the variable XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. 13. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box. and that it points to the correct standard part model. Number the model.

206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model .

lots. You can classify information according to your needs. 211) Lotting (p. 215) Parametric modeling (p. 214) Sketched cross sections (p. and categorize object types.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. for example. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. and erection sequences. Contents • • • • • • Phases (p.7 Advanced Modeling This chapter explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. 207) Sequences (p. 233) 7. based on purchasing contracts. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. 211) Organizing the model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 207 . You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects.

b 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling Click New Building. a Right-click Logical Areas. Click Tools > Model Organizer. Create a path structure..Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. 2... . Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. You can create new logical areas for your own needs.

Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings.. In the model. right-click the selected section or story. In large projects. You can create new object type categories for your own needs.. In Model Organizer. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. 5. 4. You can also create subtypes for object types. and select Add Selected to Category. 3. a Right-click Object Types. Click Tools > Model Organizer. 3. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). d Click New Story. Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. 4. Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. In Model Organizer. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 209 . Select a section or story in Model Organizer. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). select the objects you want to add to an object type category. In the model. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. 2.c Click New Section. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts. select the area for the section or the story.. b Click New Object Type. To make it easier to view and select parts. Create object type categories. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category .

To

Do this

Rename logical areas and
object type categories

Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select
Rename.

Redefine a logical area

1.
2.

Select the new area in the model.
Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and
select Add Selected to Category.

Move categories

1.
2.

Select the object type category in Model Organizer.
Drag the category to another location.

Add objects

1.
2.

Select the objects in the model.
Right-click the category name in Model Organizer
and select Add Selected to Category.

Move objects

1.
2.

Select the object type category in Model Organizer.
Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects in the
window on the right.
Drag the objects to another category.

3.
Remove objects

1.
2.
3.

Select the object type category in Model Organizer.
Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects in the
window on the right.
Right-click and select Delete.

Viewing logical areas and object type categories
To view logical areas and object type categories in the model:
1.

Click Tools > Model Organizer....

2.

Select a logical area or an object type category.
The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted
in the model.
To view more than one logical area or object type category at a time, hold down the Ctrl
key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view.

3.

To view the classification information of an object, right-click the object in the model
and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification, or in the Model
Organizer, select an object and click

.

Deleting logical areas and object type categories
To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer:

210

1.

Click Tools > Model Organizer....

2.

Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types.

3.

Right-click and select Delete.

4.

Click OK to confirm.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Advanced Modeling

7.2 Phases
Use phases to break up a model into sections. Phases are often used to indicate erection
sequences. You can create reports and views, hide objects, and copy objects from other models,
according to their phase number.
For example, you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in
single-user mode. First create a basic model that includes, for example, the columns. This is
phase 1. You then copy this basic model to all users.
Each user then works on a separate part of the building. When a part of the model is completed,
you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2, 3, etc.).

Dividing the model into phases
To divide a model into phases:
1.

Click Tools > Phase Manager.... The Phase Manager dialog box appears.

2.

Click Add to create new phases.

3.

Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase.
From now on, Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. The @
character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase.

4.

Divide the model into phases.
a
To identify the phase of an object, select an object and click Phases by objects.
Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object.
b

To see which objects belong to a certain phase, select a phase from the list and
then click Objects by phases.
Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model.

c
5.

To change the phase of one or more objects, select the objects, select a phase from
the list, and then click Modify phase.

Click OK to save your changes.

Custom phase properties
You can add custom phase properties, which will appear as extra columns in the Phase
Manager dialog box.

Define the names of phase properties in the objects.inp file. To use phase properties in
reports and templates, use the syntax PHASE.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field
name.

7.3 Sequences
Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts. For
example, you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. You
can define several sequences for different purposes, and a part can belong to several sequences
at the same time.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Advanced Modeling

211

Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. The
sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects.inp file.
Limitations

Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model.

See also

Lotting (p. 214)

Creating a sequence
Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. If you want to view and modify
the sequence number afterwards, you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you
assign sequence numbers.
To create a new sequence:
1.

Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers.
a
Open the objects.inp file in any standard text editor.
b

In the Part attributes section, add a new user-defined attribute.
The value_type must be integer, and the field_format must be %d.
For example:
attribute("MY_INFO_1", "My Info 1", integer, "%d", no, none,
"0.0", "0.0")

c

Save the file.

d

Restart Tekla Structures.

2.

Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box.

3.

Type a name for the sequence. Use exactly the same name as in the objects.inp file.
For example, MY_INFO_1.

4.

Click Apply.

5.

Select the parts you want to include in the sequence.
The first part gets the sequence number 1, the second part number 2, and so on.
If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence, Tekla Structures asks
if you want to override the existing number. If you click Yes, Tekla Structures gives the
next available number to the part.

6.

To finish adding parts to the sequence, click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc.

Adding parts to a sequence
To add parts to an existing sequence:

212

1.

Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box.

2.

Select a sequence name from the list.

3.

Click OK or Apply.

4.

Select the parts you want to add to the sequence.

5.

To finish adding parts to the sequence, click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Advanced Modeling

You cannot add new parts to a sequence, unless the new part is at the end
of the sequence. If the sequence changes, you must redefine the whole
sequence.

Checking the sequence of a part
You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool.
To check the sequence of a part:
1.

Click Tools > Inquire > Object.

2.

Select a part.
Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. The sequence name and number are
displayed under More. For example:

Modifying the sequence number of a part
Before you start, assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part.
To modify the sequence number of a part:
1.

Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.

2.

Click User-defined attributes...
The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which
you assigned the sequence number. For example, MY_INFO_1.

3.

Modify the sequence number.

4.

Click Modify.

Deleting a sequence
To delete a sequence:
1.

Click Tools > Sequencer....

2.

Select a sequence name from the list.

3.

Click Delete and then click Yes.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Advanced Modeling

213

7.4 Lotting
With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. Lotting means that you evaluate
specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer
vehicle. For example, you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour
the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. With this information, it is easier to
determine area requirements and create an erection schedule.
When you define lots, you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle,
because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. You can calculate truck load
sizes based on material weights and model quantities. For most model parts, the weight is based
on the size, length, and material of the part.

To view the properties of a part, right-click the part and then select
Inquire > Part or Properties...

You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. For example, you can load each
part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part.
The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. However, if you are using
cast-in-place concrete, remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for
example, in a ten-cubic-yard truck). In that case, you must calculate the weight-carrying
capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots.
See also

Sequences (p. 211)

Creating a lot
To create a lot:
1.

Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box.

2.

Click Properties... to display the Lot Properties dialog box.

3.

Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box.

4.

Type a lot number in the Number field.

5.

Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field.

6.

Click Add.
Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties.

Adding parts to a lot
After you have created the needed lots, you must select each part of the model and assign them
to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target.
To add parts to a lot:
1.

Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box.

2.

Select an existing lot from the list.
Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. The total weight of the lot and
the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values.

3.

214

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Advanced Modeling

Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot.

Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. 7.5 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. which you can use to create your own profile cross sections and to modify them. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. Click Apply selected. 5. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added.4. Click OK to close the dialog box. and how to use them in a model. 5. Click Delete. Select an existing lot from the list. 3. 2. When you re-open the dialog box. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. When you hold down Shift. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 215 . See also The profile catalog Cross section sketch editor Tekla Structures includes a cross section sketch editor. 3. 4... Click Properties. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Click OK to close the dialog box. 2. Select an existing lot from the list. 4. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. Click Apply selected. If you simply select parts. Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. Tekla Structures deselects the parts.

2. Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section editor by picking three points. 2. 2. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. 216) Sketching a circle (p. Opening the cross section sketch editor To open the cross section sketch editor: 1.. First you need to sketch the outline of the cross section. 216) Sketching an arc (p. Open the Cross Section Sketch Editor. To sketch an arc: 216 1. you can start creating a cross section. and the holes in the cross section. Open the Cross Section Sketch Editor. Open a Tekla Structures model. Ensure that you create a closed shape. Tekla Structures opens the: • • • Cross Section Sketch Editor View and the sketching toolbar Variables dialog box Sketch Browser dialog box Creating sketches When you have the cross section sketch editor open.. 4. Pick points to create each line segment. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. arcs. such as a cold rolled section. See also Sketching a polyline (p.. To sketch a polyline: 1.The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. and circles. Click the Sketch arc icon: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. using lines. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor. 217) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section editor by picking points.

218) Adding a vertical constraint (p. Adding constraints to a sketch After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. Select a line in the sketch. Before you start. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. To sketch a circle: 1. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle. close the shape. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 217 . Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section editor by picking two points. force lines to meet. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. and add chamfers in corners. Open the Cross Section Sketch Editor. Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched parametric cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. To add a parallel constraint: 1. you can straighten lines. 219) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched parametric cross section to be parallel to each other. 4. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. create 90 degree angles.3. 3. 218) Adding a fixed constraint (p. 217) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. Pick three points to define the arc. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. 217) Adding a coincident constraint (p. Select another line in the sketch. For example. 2. Before you start. The lines do not have to intersect. 218) Adding a horizontal constraint (p.

by extending or shortening one or both lines. Adding a horizontal constraint You can force a line in a sketched parametric cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. 3. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Before you start. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • Where two lines meet. 3. The lines do not have to intersect. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Select a line in the sketch. You can still rotate the profile in the model. Before you start. Pick the end of the second line. Click the Coincident constraint icon: 2. Use a horizontal constraint with other constraints to straighten the entire profile. if they are within a certain distance of each other. Pick the end of the first line. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. Select the line to place at a 90 degree angle to the first line selected. Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. Select a line in the sketch.To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. • Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched parametric cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . To add a fixed constraint: 1. To add a coincident constraint: 1.

sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Use a vertical constraint with other constraints to straighten the entire profile. To add a horizontal constraint: 1. Select the constraint. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. Before you start. When you select a constraint in the Sketch Browser. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 219 . To delete a constraint from a sketch using the Sketch Browser: 1. You can still rotate the profile in the model. Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. Tekla Structures highlights the constraint in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. and vice versa. Before you start. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. 2.Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. Adding a vertical constraint You can force a line in a sketched parametric cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. Click the Display Sketch Browser icon to open the Sketch Browser. Deleting a constraint from a sketch You can delete constraints from sketches using the Sketch Browser or Cross Section Sketch Editor View. To add a vertical constraint: 1. 3. Select a line in the sketch. Select a line in the sketch.

220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling .Adding dimensions to a sketch After you have sketched a cross section. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. 221) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Before you start. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. 221) Adding a radial dimension You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched parametric cross section. See also Adding a radial dimension (p. Select the arc or circle. Adding an angle dimension You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched parametric cross section. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. 220) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. To add a radial dimension: 1. 221) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. 220) Adding an angle dimension (p. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric.

arc. create a line. To add an angle dimension: 1. between two points you pick. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View.Before you start. Click the Sketch vertical distance icon: 2. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension. Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text. Click the Sketch horizontal distance icon: 2. Select the first line. Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched parametric cross section. between two points you pick. arc. Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched parametric cross section. 3. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch free distance icon: 2. between two points you pick. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched parametric cross section. To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. Select the second line. 3. 4. 3. create a line. Before you start. Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Before you start. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 221 . or circle in the Cross Section Editor View. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension. or circle in the Cross Section Editor View. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension. Before you start. 4.

Example 222 The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . the positioning planes are placed according to the bounding box of the part. 101) Part positioning planes With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts which have a sketched profile cross section. you can define positioning planes for it. 224) Connection positioning planes With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section. Example You can define part positioning planes that define the Middle option of an asymmetric cross section: Part positioning planes The Middle option based on the intersection of the part positioning planes.3. 223) Moving positioning planes (p. See also Part positioning planes (p. This means you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use when it positions parts. Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text. 4. not the part outline See also Showing and hiding part positioning planes (p. 222) Part position (p. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension. These planes are used also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. Defining positioning planes of sketched cross sections When you sketch a cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes. By default. 222) Connection positioning planes (p.

Before you start. 222) Moving positioning planes (p. 224) Showing and hiding part positioning planes You can show and hide the part positioning planes of a sketched cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Click the Show or hide connection positioning planes icon: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 223 . To show or hide the part positioning planes of a sketched cross section: 1. you need to move the connection positioning planes. To show or hide the connection positioning planes of a sketched cross section: 1. See also Showing and hiding connection positioning planes (p. Before you start. 224) Showing and hiding connection positioning planes You can show and hide the connection positioning planes of a sketched cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View.If you want to place details as in the image below. 223) Moving positioning planes (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Click the Show or hide part positioning planes icon: Tekla Structures displays the part positioning planes in blue: See also Part positioning planes (p.

3. 222) Moving positioning planes (p. Moving an object (p.Tekla Structures displays the part positioning planes in green: See also Connection positioning planes (p. 3. Select a part positioning plane. 224) Moving positioning planes To move a positioning plane: 1. click the Show or hide part positioning planes icon to show the part positioning planes: 2. Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . 5. See also Select the type of the positioning plane you want to move. Move the plane like any other object in Tekla Structures. • To move part positioning planes. With the cross section open in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. 2. 225) Reverting to the default part positioning planes You can revert to the default part positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. 224) Reverting to the default connection positioning planes (p. To revert to the default part positioning planes of a cross section: 224 1. click the Show or hide connection positioning planes icon. 46) Reverting to the default part positioning planes (p. Select one of the positioning plane handles. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. • To move connection positioning planes. Select a positioning plane. click the Show or hide part positioning planes icon. 4.

for example. With the cross section open in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. click the Show or hide connection positioning planes icon to show the connection positioning planes: 2.. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 225 .. 2. Reverting to the default connection positioning planes You can revert to the default connection positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. 3. In the Component Catalog. 3. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. Select a connection positioning plane. Modifying sketched cross sections You can modify existing cross section sketches. 7. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. 5. 4. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 6. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p.. See also 4. • Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. 226) Setting the sketch thickness (p. Double-click the cross section to open it in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. 8. Click the Show or hide part positioning planes icon again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. select Sketched profiles from the list box. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. Double-click an object to modify its properties. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. Close the object properties dialog box. • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box.4. Modify the object properties. Click the Show or hide connection positioning planes icon again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. To revert to the default connection positioning planes of a cross section: 1. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow.

tree-like structure. 1. arcs. chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions. for example. Sketch objects The Sketch Browser contains the following information about a cross section sketch: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. Lines. dimensions. Close the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 4. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None. Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. Or click an object in the browser to have Tekla Structures highlight it in the view. To change the shape or dimensions of a chamfer: 1. 5.. for example.. arcs. Cross section extrusion types (p. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer. double-click the chamfer symbol in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. You can click an object in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View and Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser. by defining the extrusion type and thickness of a sketch in the Sketch Browser. cold rolled sections. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 227) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. or 2) and thickness of the sketch. To set the thickness of a sketch: 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . constraints. 150) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. 150) Setting the sketch thickness You can easily create cross sections of a consistent thickness. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. 1=Line . Click Modify. The Sketch Browser opens when you open the cross section sketch editor and work with the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. For each chamfer you want to change. 3. See also 2. You can modify chamfers to create rounded cross section corners. circles.Modifying chamfers in a sketch When you use the Create polyline command to sketch a profile/cross section. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet.

1. P1) after =. sketch an open polyline. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. In the Sketch Browser. right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. open polyline is extruded to create a cross section with a consistent thickness. or 2) after =. In the Formula column. Image (Default) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 227 . 227) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a sketched. Type the extrusion type number (0. Type the value of the thickness after =. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. See also In the Variables dialog box. Cross section extrusion types (p. In the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. define the default value for the parameter variable. P1).1. The extrusion types of sketches are: Type Description 0 The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d 3. b 4. 2. In the Sketch Browser. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu.

See also Type Description 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. 226) Using variables to define cross section properties You can use variables to define the properties of a sketched cross section. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. For example. Variables can define fixed properties. or they can include formulas. Image Setting the sketch thickness (p. you can create a variable that calculates a dimension: The Sketching toolbar includes the following tools that you can use for defining and editing variables: 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model.

including sketched cross sections. 2.Command Icon Display variables Description View. This command works the same way as the Display variables command in the Custom component editor. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a C-shaped cross section. Display sketch browser Opens the Sketch Browser. add or change variables in parametric model objects. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • Thickness (P1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Width (b1) To create a symmetric C-shaped cross section: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 229 . 3. See also Defining variables Display variables Custom component browser Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to use the Variables dialog box and Sketch Browser. • • To change the distance value. To make the profile symmetric. which shows the elements in a sketched parametric cross section. This command works the same way as Custom component browser in the Custom component editor. When you use the profile in the model. Use the Sketch horizontal distance and Sketch vertical distance commands to create the distances. Open the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. enter a new value in the Formula field. We create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. type =h2 in the Formula field of distance h3 and =b1 of distance b2.

enter a thickness value. add a parameter variable (P1).• 4. c In the Visiblity field. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling Click the Save sketch as icon on the sketching toolbar: . select Show. d In the Label in dialog box field. type Thickness. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. right-click the Thickness object. e In the Sketch Browser. Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the profile catalog in the current model folder. To enter varying values for profile thickness. If you want to give variables different values when using the profile in a model. and then type =P1. set Visibility to Show. f In the Sketch Browser. right-click the ExtrusionType object. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. and then type =2. click Add. b In the Formula field. a In the Variables dialog box. To save a sketched cross section: 1.

To update an existing cross section. 4. you are ready to use it in the model. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. 2. Click OK to save the profile properties and close the Select Profile dialog box. click the button next to the Profile field. 3. 3. To select a profile to use: • For steel parts. In the Select Profile dialog box. 2. Change the Value field. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches.bin file. doubleclick the Create beam icon to open the Beam Properties dialog box. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. click OK. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb. button next to the Profile field. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. 4.. and then click OK. Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. For example. • For concrete parts. 220) Testing a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. 5. • You cannot include numbers in the cross section name. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Double-click a part icon to open the part properties dialog box. • Tekla Structures does not save sketched. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 231 . Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. parametric cross sections that do not have dimensions. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. type a name in the Prefix field. or use the name of a standard profile. click the Select..db1 file. If you have applied constraints correctly. Click Modify. In the User Profile Cross Section dialog box: • • To save a new cross section. 5. 6. the shape of the profile will not change if you change its dimensions. See also Adding dimensions to a sketch (p.2. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box.

bmp. mysketch. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from. Using the Tools > Screenshot > View without Borders command when you have the cross section open in the active Cross Section Sketch Editor View.. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. Create a picture that shows the shape and dimensions of the cross section: • • 2. browse for the folder. 170) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p. To add a picture of a sketched cross section to be shown in the profile catalog: 1. from the pop-up menu. They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Exporting sketched cross sections (p. 4. You can also create pictures of the profile cross sections you have sketched to be shown in the profile catalog. 5. in the Selection box. Save the picture in bmp format in the . Right-click and select Export.7. Click OK to save the part properties and close the part properties dialog box. 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling Type a name for a new export file. 3. do one of the following: • • 7. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. . 8. for example. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model. Microsoft Paint).. 6. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting.\TeklaStructures\*version*\nt\bitmaps folder using the cross section name as the filename.. Select the cross sections you want to export.uel). Select an existing export file. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model. In the Export Components dialog box. Pick points in the model to create the part with the sketched cross section. 171) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. 2. 232) Importing sketched cross sections (p. Select Sketched profiles from the list box. To export several cross sections. See also Using any graphics editor (for example. Creating a screenshot (p. Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections. 233) Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. Creating a picture of a sketched cross section Profiles in the profile catalog include pictures which illustrate the shape and dimensions of each profile.

Click OK. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. To import sketched cross sections: 1. such as a beam or column. select Sketched profiles from the list box. 6. Tekla Structures saves the export file to the current model folder. • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. Click OK.uel files from a folder when creating a new model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 233 . or copy the profdb. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. Select the file to import.uel). or relationships. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*.6 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. has parameters which define various properties.By default. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. which means that each model object. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it.. 2. 5.bin file. including its geometry. In the component list. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. between model objects.uel). To automatically import all *. 4. See also Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog 7. Tekla Structures adds the cross sections to the export file (*. you need to import both the cross section and profile.. 3. You can use these parameters to: • Create dependencies. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. To use profiles from a model. right-click and select Import. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object. In the Import Components dialog box. 7. location and relationship to other parts. from the pop-up menu. use the variable XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER. 8.

Add Distance > Reference Creates a reference distance between model objects. The Modeling menu includes the following parametric modeling tools: Command Icon Add Distance > Fixed Description Binds a handle on a model object to up to three planes on other model objects. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. at a fixed distance. They can also include formulas. Variables can define fixed properties. such as a beam or column.Creating dependencies Tekla Structures includes several tools that you can use to create dependencies or relationships between model objects. such as the name of a column. so that when you move the wall. See also Defining variables Custom component browser Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Creating variables Use variables to define the properties of a model object. Illustrates the distance in the model view. For example. This command works the same way as the Create distance command in the Custom component editor. This command works the same way as the Create reference distance command in the Custom component editor. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. which you can include in formulas in the Variables dialog box. the column follows. The Model Editor includes the following tools for defining and editing variables: 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling .

which shows the elements in a model object.Command Icon Description View. Model Browser. Display Variables. add or change variables in model objects.. Use to copy absolute values or references and use them as variables in parametric calculations. This command works the same way as the Display variables command in the Custom component editor. See also Defining variables Display variables Custom component browser Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 235 ... Opens the model browser. This command works the same way as Custom component browser in the Custom component editor.. You can use these variables to calculate the properties of related model objects.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t 236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 237 .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 239 .

240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling .

Origin The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x. Magnetic grid plane Select to bind objects to grid lines.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings 241 .8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. Field Description Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. and z directions (x and y are relative. Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. 241) View settings (p. y. 255) Numbering settings (p. 259) 8. Line extensions Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above. y. Labels The names of the grid lines. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid. User-defined attributes. z is absolute). 247) Detail properties (p.. 244) Part properties (p. and z directions. Contents • • • • • General settings (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings.

72) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings . Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. 74) Rotation settings Use the Copy . Magnetic grid plane Select to bind objects to the grid line. Visible in drawings Select to make the grid line visible in drawings. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line.. Around Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. See also Field Description Label The name of the grid line. Y0 See also Origin angle The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane.See also Grids (p.Rotate and Move .Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. Number of copies Defines the number of copies created. Grid lines (p. Grid line automatic dimensioning Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning. Depth in view plane The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane. User-defined attributes. 49) Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. Rotation angle The rotation angle between the original and new position. Field Description X0 The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis. Rotating objects (p. dZ The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction..

If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. the settings will be read from that object group. Color by phase Parts belonging to different phases get different colors. Object representation settings (p.Option Description As is The current color is used. Visible Object is shown in the views. Option Description As is The current visibility. Color by lot Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. Color by attribute Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. Color by analysis utility check Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. 182) Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. Color by class All parts are colored according to their Class property. View Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. Field Description View name Shows the selected view name. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. Object representation settings (p. 182) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. See also Colors Select color from the list. Color by analysis type Displays parts according to the member analysis type. 50% transparent Object is transparent in rendered views. 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is not shown in the views. View without borders Includes only the view content in the screenshot. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings 243 .

Angle Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. Print to file Saves the screenshot to a file. View type The appearance of the model in the view.. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. View depth How far Up and Down from the view plane Tekla Structures displays the objects.Field Description Rendered view For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Final height The height of the screenshot.. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. Smooth lines Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings. See also White background Uses white background. Rotation How the view is rotated around the z and x axes. The Options. 170) 8. Line width Sets the line width. There are limitations to pixel density. View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties. DPI The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. Projection The projection type of rendered views. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Field Description Final width The width of the screenshot. Creating a screenshot (p. Color and transparency in all views The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model).. .. 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings Field or button Description Name The name of the view. Place on clipboard Places the screenshot on the clipboard.2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. Representation. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor.

Opens the Object Group . None does not create any views. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties. PLAN +3000..g. Views (p. The Show.. Number of views Defines which grid lines the views will be created of. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how. 76) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings 245 ...See also Field or button Description Display. e. Each view plane has its own view properties. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. Object group. no prefix is used. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label.. Field Description View plane The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the basic view. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin.. button displays the current view properties. If the View name prefix field is left empty. Visible object group Which object group is displayed in the view. Some of these settings may affect system performance. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. 81) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. See also Creating grid views (p.View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. This name overrides the name in the view properties.

and nuts as solids. but skips cuts. or large parts of it. When using this option. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. 179) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings . Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. when viewing the entire model. washers. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. This option is only available in wire frame views. Exact displays the cuts. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. Point size Defines the size of points in views. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. See also 246 Defining which objects are displayed (p. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. Exact shows holes as solids. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. This option increases display speed significantly. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. Reference line shows parts as sticks. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. Holes Defines how holes are displayed. Exact shows bolts. In view does not increase the point size. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models.Field Description Parts Defines how parts are displayed.

clm. Start releases tab The support conditions of the column ends. and shortening of the column. 35) Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column.8. Bottom The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. See also Setting object properties (p. steel polybeam. Class Used to group columns. Deforming tab Warping. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the column. Horizontal The horizontal position of the column. Composite tab The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions.prt. Assembly prefix and start number The assembly mark series of the column. Name The user-definable name of the column. relative to its reference point. Vertical The position of the column. Material The material of the column. relative to its reference point. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings 247 . The file name extension of a column properties file is *. Finish The type of finish. cambering. Analysis tab The analysis properties of the column. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. Field Description Part prefix and start number The part mark series of the column. Rotation How the column is rotated around its axis. or curved beam. Top The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. Profile The profile of the column. Creating a steel column (p.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. 111) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. End releases tab See also Design tab The design information of the column.

Profile The profile of the contour plate. 109) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. Material The material of a beam. End releases tab See also Design tab The design information of the beam. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. Class Used to group beams. and shortening of the beam. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. At depth The position of a beam. Finish The finish type. Deforming tab Warping. Name The user-definable name of a beam. The format is PL+ thickness. Profile The profile of a beam. On plane The position of a beam on the work plane. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of a beam. cambering. Number of segments The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. Assembly prefix and start number The assembly mark series of the contour plate. for example PL20. Radius The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. Loading tab The loading properties of the beam.Field Description Part prefix and start number The part mark series of a beam. Assembly prefix and start number The assembly mark series of the beam. 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings .cpl. Rotation How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Creating a steel beam (p. Field Description Part prefix and start number The part mark series of the contour plate. Start releases tab The support conditions of the beam ends. Composite tab The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. End offset The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. Name The user-definable name of the contour plate. Analysis tab The analysis properties of the beam.

Vertical The position of the beam. 112) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. Horizontal The horizontal position of the beam. Composite tab The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Finish The finish type. Bottom The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. Rotation How much the beam is rotated around its axis.crs. Class Used to group beams. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the beam. Top The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. Profile The profile of the beam. Start releases tab The support conditions of the beam ends. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the contour plate. Finish The finish type. Creating a contour plate (p.See also Field Description Material The material of the contour plate. Analysis tab The analysis properties of the contour plate. Field Description Part prefix and start number The part mark series of the beam. perpendicular to the work plane. Name The user-definable name of the beam. At depth The position of the contour plate. Material The material of the beam. Loading tab The loading properties of the plate. Design tab The design information of the contour plate. Spanning tab The spanning properties of the plate. in terms of depth. relative to its reference point. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings 249 . Analysis tab The analysis properties of the beam. Class Used to group contour plates. End releases tab Design tab The design information of the beam. relative to its reference point. Assembly prefix and start number The assembly mark series of the beam.

relative to the beam’s reference line.cpf. Profile The profile of the pad footing. 112) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. Horizontal The horizontal clearance between the profiles. Finish The type of finish. Field Description Part prefix and start number The part mark series of the twin profile. At depth The beam position. Name The user-definable name of the twin profile. . Analysis tab The analysis properties of the twin profile. perpendicular to the work plane.See also Creating an orthogonal beam (p.dia. Material The material of the pad footing. Composite tab The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. End releases tab Design tab See also The design information of the twin profile. Material The material of the beams. Start releases tab The support conditions of the twin profile ends. 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings Field Description Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. in terms of depth. Vertical The vertical clearance between the profiles. Class Used to group twin profiles. 110) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. Twin profile type Defines how the profiles are combined. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. Assembly prefix and start number The assembly mark series of the twin profile. Profile The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *. End offset The offsets of the ends of the beam. Rotation Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. On plane The position of the twin profile on the work plane. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the twin profile. Creating a twin profile (p.

relative to its reference point. Finish The type of finish.See also Field Description Finish The type of finish. 118) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. Cast unit prefix and start number Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the strip footing. Top The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. End offset The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line. Number of segments The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. Cast unit type Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. Rotation How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. Creating a pad footing (p. Class Used to group pad footings. Horizontal The horizontal position of the pad footing. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *.csf. Vertical The vertical position of the pad footing. Analysis tab The analysis properties of the strip footing. Cast unit prefix and start number Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. Rotation How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Shape The profile of the strip footing. On plane The position of the strip footing on the work plane. Bottom The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. Class Used to group strip footings. Material The material of the strip footing. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings 251 . At depth The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Field Description Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. relative to its reference point. Radius The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the pad footing. Cast unit type Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place.

ccl. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. Creating a strip footing (p. 119) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. Horizontal The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. Field Description Name The user-definable name of the column. 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings . End releases tab Design tab See also The design information of the footing.cbm. Creating a concrete column (p. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. Deforming tab Warping. Top The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. Profile The profile of the column. Cast unit prefix and start number Define the cast unit series of the column. Analysis tab The analysis properties of the column. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the column. Vertical The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. 119) Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. Start releases tab The support conditions of the column ends. Finish The type of finish. Material The material of the column. Class Used to group columns. cambering and shortening of the column. Bottom The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. Rotation How much the column is rotated around its axis. Cast unit type Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place.Field Description Start releases tab The support conditions of the footing ends. End releases tab See also Design tab The design information of the column.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings 253 . in terms of depth. Thickness The thickness of the slab. Creating a concrete beam (p. On plane The beam position on the work plane. Field Description Name The user-definable name of the slab. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. Radius The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. Cast unit type Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. Class Used to group slabs. At depth The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Material The material of the slab. Start releases tab The support conditions of the beam ends. Design tab The design information of the beam. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the slab. Finish The type of finish. relative to its reference line. Number of segments The number of segments required to draw a curved beam. Material The material of the beam. Class Used to group beams. Shape The profile of the beam. End offset The offsets of the ends of the beam.csl. Analysis tab The analysis properties of the beam. Cast unit prefix and start number Define the cast unit series of the beam. Finish The type of finish. perpendicular to the work plane.Field Description Name The user-definable name of the beam. At depth The position of the slab. Rotation How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. 120) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. Deforming tab Warping. cambering and shortening of the beam. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the beam. End releases tab See also Loading tab The loading properties of the beam. Analysis tab The analysis properties of the slab.

See also Field Description Spanning tab The spanning properties of the slab. On plane The position of the panel on the work plane. Cast unit prefix and start number Define the cast unit series of the slab. Rotation How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Finish The type of finish. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. Radius The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. relative to its reference line. See also 254 Field Description Name The user-definable name of the panel. At depth The position of the panel. Creating a concrete slab (p. Design tab The design information of the panel. End offset The offsets of the ends of the panel. Class Used to group panels. Analysis tab The analysis properties of the panel. Cast unit type Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. Cast unit prefix and start number Define the cast unit series of the panel.cpn. 121) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings . in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Spanning tab The spanning properties of the panel. 120) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. Cast unit type Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. Loading tab The loading properties of the panel. Shape The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). Creating a concrete panel (p. Number of segments The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. Material The material of the panel. Design tab The design information of the slab. Loading tab The loading properties of the slab.

Shape Bolt group shape. Extra length Additional bolt length. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. See also At depth Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. or coordinate. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes.Bolt diameter Hole type Oversized or slotted. Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. relative to the current work plane. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis.8. Slotted hole Y y allowance of a slotted hole. Bolt dist Y Bolt spacing. Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. Thread in material Indicates whether threads can be inside the material. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. For example. Bolt standard Bolt assembly standard/grade. number. depending on the bolt group shape. in both directions from the bolt group plane.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. Connect part/ assembly Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. Dy. or co-ordinate. Slotted hole X x allowance of a slotted hole. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. Zero for a round hole. Dx. Zero for a round hole. Dz Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. Rotate Slots If the bolt connects several parts. depending on the bolt group shape. The value defines how far along the bolt axis the parts must be in order to hit the bolt group. On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. 127) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings 255 . This allows the bolt to move in different directions. Bolts (p. Bolt dist X Bolt spacing. Field Description Bolt size Bolt diameter. group diameter. Tolerance Tolerance = Hole diameter . Bolt type Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop.

Reference text Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. Type See Weld types (p.Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. 50–100. Effective throat 256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings The weld size used in weld strength calculation. or groove. bevels. Prefix See Weld size prefixes (p. Contour Finish The fill type contour of a weld can be: • None • • • Flush Convex Concave Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. 137). If you enter a zero or negative weld size. . Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. e. To change the separator to @. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. for example. 257). information about the weld specification or process. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. For example. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. defining the start and end points of the weld. for example. Angle The angle of weld preparation. set the variable XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. The options are: • • • G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) Length The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. By default. You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. To create a non-continuous weld.g. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. Tekla Structures creates the weld. Field Description Size The size of the weld. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. Tekla Structures uses the – character to separate weld length and pitch. but does not display it drawings.

Field

Description

Edge/Around

Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face
should be welded.
A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around
option has been used.

Workshop/Site

Indicates where the weld should be made. This setting affects
assemblies and drawings.
Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a
flag.

Connect part/
assembly

See Using welds to create assemblies (p. 140).

Position

See Weld position (p. 136).

Root opening

The space between the welded parts.

Stitch weld

Indicates whether the weld is a stitch weld.
Stitch welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded.
Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld
symbols.

See also

Welds (p. 135)

Weld types
Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type. Some weld types also
automatically prepare the parts to be welded. The following table shows the available weld
types:

Weld
type

Name

Number

Preparation

None

0

No

Fillet weld

10

No

Bevel-groove (single-V butt
weld)

3

Both parts

Bevel-groove (single-bevel
butt weld)

4

Secondary part

Square-groove (square butt
weld)

2

No

Single-V butt weld with
broad root face

5

Both edges

Single-bevel butt weld with
broad root face

6

Secondary part

U-groove weld (single Ubutt weld)

7

Both parts

J-groove weld (single J-butt
weld)

8

Secondary part

Flare V-groove weld

16

Both parts

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Modeling Settings

257

Weld
type

Name

Number

Preparation

Flare-bevel-groove weld

15

Secondary part

Edge-flange weld

1

No

Corner-flange weld

17

No

Plug weld

11

No

Bevel backing weld

9

No

Spot weld

12

No

Seam weld

13

No

Slot weld

14

No

Partial penetration weld
(single-bevel butt + fillet)

18

Secondary part

Partial penetration weld
(square groove + fillet)

19

No

Melt-through weld

20

Material removal by
machining is required
(supplementary symbol)

21

Smooth weld

22

Corner chamfer properties
Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer.

Field

Description

Type

The shape of the chamfer.

x
y

The dimensions of the chamfer. The dimension depends on the
chamfer type.

dz1

Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs.

dz2

Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s
local z direction.
Use these fields, for example, to give plates varying
thicknesses.

See also

258

Chamfering part corners (p. 150)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Modeling Settings

Edge chamfer properties
Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge
chamfer.

Field

Description

Type

The shape of the chamfer.

Name

The name of the chamfer.

Cutting distance
in X direction

Defines how far away from the
chamfered edge the chamfer will
end in the x direction.

Cutting distance
in Y direction

Defines how far away from the
chamfered edge the chamfer will
end in the y direction.

First end type

The shape and position of the
first end point.

Second end type

The shape and position of the
second end point.

More information

The options are:

Full: The end point is

positioned at the end of the
part (moving along the
nearest edge), and the shape
is straight.

Straight: The end point is

positioned at the point you
pick, and the shape is
straight.

Bevelled: The end point is

positioned at the point you
pick, and the shape is angled.
Dimension

See also

The distance between the
(picked) end point and the
bevelled points.

Chamfering part edges (p. 151)

8.5 Numbering settings
This section provides more information about specific numbering settings.

General numbering settings
Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Modeling Settings

259

Option

Description

Renumber all

All parts get a new number. All information on previous
numbers is lost.

Re-use old numbers

Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been
deleted. These numbers may be used to number new or
modified parts.

Check for standard parts

If a separate standard part model has been set up, Tekla
Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in
the standard part model.
If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standard
model, Tekla Structures assigns it the number of the part in the
standard model.

Compare to old

The part gets the same number as a previously numbered
similar part.

Take new number

The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part
already exists.

Keep number if possible

Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible.

Synchronize with master
model

Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. Tekla
Structures locks the master model and performs a save,
numbering, and save sequence, so that all other users can
continue working during the operation.

Automatic cloning

If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a
new assembly position, the existing drawing is automatically
assigned to another part of the position.
If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does
not have a drawing, the original drawing is automatically
cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part.

See also

Holes

The location, size, and number of holes affects numbering.

Part name

The part name affects numbering.

Beam orientation

The orientation of beams affects numbering.

Column orientation

The orientation of columns affects numbering.

Reinforcing bars

The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering.

Embedded objects

The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering.

Surface treatment

Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies.

Tolerance

Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than
as set in this input field.

Assembly position sort
order

See Assembly position numbers (p. 198).

Numbering objects (p. 197)

Weld numbering settings
Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. The
weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports.

260

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Modeling Settings

Field

Description

Start number

The number from which the numbering
starts. Tekla Structures automatically
suggests the following free number as the
start number.

Apply for

Defines which objects are affected by the
change.
All welds changes the number of all welds in

the model.
Selected welds changes the number of the
selected welds without affecting others.

See also

Renumber also welds that have a number

Tekla Structures replaces existing weld
numbers.

Re-use numbers of deleted welds

If some welds have been removed, Tekla
Structures uses their numbers when
numbering other welds.

Numbering objects (p. 197)

Control number settings
Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number
settings.

Field

Description

Numbering

Defines which parts get control numbers.
All creates consecutive numbers for all parts.
By numbering series creates control

numbers for parts in a specific numbering
series.
Assembly/Cast unit numbering series

Defines the prefix and start number of the
numbering series for which to create control
numbers.
Needed only with the By numbering series
option.

Start number of control numbers

The number from which the numbering
starts.

Step value

Defines the interval between two control
numbers.

Renumber

Defines how to treat parts that already have
control numbers.
Yes replaces the existing control numbers.
No keeps the existing control numbers.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15
Modeling Settings

261

199) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings .Field Description First direction Defines in what order to assign control numbers. Second direction Third direction See also 262 Control numbers (p.

you can use the Xmouse option. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. b Select an object. The dialog box remains open on the screen.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. To stop copying or moving objects. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Tips 263 . To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. c Enter the values you want to use. Contents • • General modeling tips (p. Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. 263) Part positioning tips (p. for example. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. 3. 264) 9. Start the Move or Copy command. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. when creating grids and levels in a new model. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. 2. With Xmouse active.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately.

9. Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. Go to the How to find perfect background color for your needs page. move the part handles. y directions). • To lengthen a part. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. Click Tekla Structures > Hints & Tips > General. or use the Fit Part End command. 3. Log in to the Tekla Extranet. This can cause shop errors. 4. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. 264 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Tips . Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. Page Down and arrow keys.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. and from bottom to top (in positive x. It can cause problems with connections and details. 2. Use the Page Up. always pick points from left to right.To activate a view using Xmouse: 1. Download and install the application. move the part handles. To activate a view. do one of the following: • To shorten a part. 2. do one of the following: • • Move the mouse pointer over the view. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on.

49) Construction objects (p. lines and circles.Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. • Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. Create points. 50) Construction objects (p. 75) Rotating objects (p. 84) Points (p. Creating a single grid line (p. 85) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. Snapping to positions (p. do one of the following: See also • Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. Use construction planes. 84) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Tips 265 . you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands.

..108 bolts .............................................................. 131..... 83 4D tool............................................................................ 194 creating ......... 252 concrete polybeams .....................................................................................31 Save ...................130 bolt spacing ................................................132 buttons common buttons..............................................................................................................................................31 models.................................................................................................................................................................... 178 changing the main assembly......191 bolting sub-assemblies..................................................................................................... 120...........................................................................................................................................................30 Load .......................................................... 116 assembly types in filtering .......................................124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 266 ....................................................................... 118 comparing ....................................................... 38 assemblies ............................................................................................................................................................................. 132 using welds to create assemblies ........ 40 showing and hiding .................................................. 117 highlighting ........ 255 bolt catalog .................................................110 orthogonal beams.....................................................................................................................................................................161 concrete beams.......... 117 selecting .................... 162 cast in place.133 clash checking...................................................................................................................... 116 numbering ................................................................... 191 arcs...................................................................128 bolt group shape........................ 158 c cambering parts........................................................................................................ 214 nested assemblies .131 bolt group position .... 113 adding objects ........................................................... 247 steel polybeams ..............110 steel beams ...................................................................................... 114...... 73 angle dimensions ............... 184 a absolute coordinates ................................................................ 109....................................... 115 examples................. 132 filtering.................................. 117 joining.......... see visualizing project status .................. 140 attaching parts....... 220 angles...................................................................... 113 exploding.........31 Save as .......... 161.....................120 curved beams........111 warping............................................................... 115 using bolts to create assemblies .................................. 216 area selection ............................................... 40..................................................................................................................... 59 views .......................159 bending..................... 116 lotting.............................. 118 changing the main part............................ 132........ 198 removing objects ..............................................................................................................129 bolt offsets ........................ 180 sub-assemblies ..........................Index # b 3D background color changing............................193 creating................ 127....................................66 examples ...................178 modifying ...66 beams cambering...............128 bolt length.................................................................................................

.120 slabs ...................................................................................185 to another object........................................................ 207 clip planes .........................................................................................................22 constraints ....................................................................................................................................................................45 object groups............57 locking ......217 perpendicular.. 123 highlighting .......................................................................... 247 combining parts ...................................................71...................... 192 colors...................... 149...........cast units .............................................................................................................................................. 253 strip footings .............................. 150 corner chamfer types .................... 118........................................................................................................ 252 cast units ...........................................122 casting direction ........................... 121................................................ 150...............119.......... 226 checking the model .....................................219 fixed........................................... 251 warping................................... 113.......................................................................... 149 corner chamfer dimensions.................................43 project status visualizations....................................................................................................................................................................... 169 coincident contraints.................... 250 panels.................................................... 264 grid color ............ 254 polybeams ....................... 99 background color......................................................................................157.............................................124 columns ............. 99 classifying information ........................................................218 horizontal....................................... 122 cast unit type ......................................................................................................... 125 copying...........................218 parallel............................... 119............................ 35 repeating ................................................................................................................................................................ 34 comparing parts or assemblies .................................................................................................................... 112................................. 194 components selecting .............................. 122 exploding..................... 192 bolts.......... 158 commands. 199.................46 hints and tips ....................................................217 coincident .................................. 151 in sketches ...........................................55 relative............................................................................................................................................................................ 120............................. 198 removing objects ................................................................................................................ 242 finding RGB values ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 248 control numbers.......................................................................................218 deleting...................219 construction objects.............111............... 121..................................44 using drag-and-drop ............ 74 columns concrete columns .................. 258 types and dimensions.............. 124 changing the main part...............217 vertical ....................................................45 corner chamfers...................................................................71 input options ............................... 193 reference models ...........................................182 object representation settings ............... 150 corner chamfers .................................................................................263 linearly to new position ....84 construction circles........................................... 214 numbering .................................................................................................................... 181 concrete parts.........................................95..........................................85 construction lines....................... 218 colliding objects ....... 194 class ...............................57 coordinate system ....................................45 using coordinates .................................................. 119................... 120...... 193 without reference models ....................... 150 edge chamfers ...............................................150 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 267 ....................... 122 adding non-concrete objects ............................. 190 circles .................. 200 settings ...........................85 construction planes ................................................57 copying cast units ..... 252 steel columns ....................................... 34 ending ........................................................ 66 background color examples .................................. 124 casting direction ................................ 122 adding objects . 123 creating ................................................... 252 pad footings..................................178 from another model ...................................... 66 color settings ...................................................................................................123 filters.....118 beams... 34 running .......................................................................................................................... 123 lotting.......184 objects ............................................................................... 217 clash checking............................. 124 chamfering................................................................................ 40 top-in-form face .................................................................... 123 selecting ...............................................46 to another plane .........................................................................159 configurations .261 coordinates absolute...................84 contour plates ........................................................................................................ 40 showing and hiding ...........

.................................28 common buttons ............................................81 grids.................................................................................................................................................120 concrete columns .......................175 sequences ............................................ 132 cast units ..220 radial ...................................................................................183 object type categories......................................................................25 duplicate objects .................................212 single bolts......................................................184 screenshots ........................................................ 112.........................................................................30 common elements ................112 view filters............................25 Custom Inquiry..................32 saving properties ....................... 134...31 tabs ...................................................................................................................... 108...........118 project status visualizations...38 curved parts ..............................................................................170 sections .................................................. 259 editors in Tekla Structures ............................................................................................................................156 polygon cuts...........234 measuring ..........................................................................................................................................................154 part cuts .............................................................................................211 drag-and-drop .......................110 dependencies ......172 customizing toolbars .......205 steel beams ......121 concrete polybeams ......149.......................................................................................216 268 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 cross sections cross section sketch editor ...............................................106 enhanced tooltips......................220 in sketching..........181 object representation settings.............................................191 dividing models .................................................................................................215 sketching cross sections.....................................................................................................................215 crossing selection ..............122 clip planes.........................169 concrete beams .......................................................111 steel polybeams.............................................................121 standard part models....................................................................................119 sub-assemblies....................................................172 adding attributes ......................................................................................................................................................111 storys ..................173 modifying contents.........................................................220 display settings .............132 sketched cross sections .................................................................154 line cuts........... 135 logical areas .. 151..........................120 concrete slabs .......................... 110 Custom Component Editor..119 concrete panels ............................................153 grid lines ..............................43 e edge chamfers ............234 DGN supported objects ...................................................208 selection filters................................................149 twin profiles..................................................................................................................85 construction planes......................................................30 dimensions angle .................................208 lots ......................................234 fittings ...........................216 slabs ...........................................................110 pad footings .....................................................................................................................109 steel columns.....209 objects ...174 views......................................................84 contour plates .................................116 object groups .....92 dialog boxes..................85 construction lines..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................155 d deleting logical areas...........................210 dependencies........................................................................................................................................................... 131...................................27 cuts .............................23 ..........................60 nested assemblies.................208 strip footings .......................................................................................................................................75 grid views.............................................81 welds ......................32 environments ................................... 113.................................................................210 object types.....................115 tile patterns ........................................................................... 45.......................................................214 models .................................. 48 Drawing Editor ............................................................. 139 cross section sketch editor ........................................120 construction circles .. 115 bolts ................................... 138..............................................................................25 end offsets ..................................................................creating assemblies.......................................................... 113 curved beams ....29 loading saved properties.........................................73 holes .......................................................................245 distances in parametric modeling ......................................................................................................................................................................35 orthogonal beams...................

............................................................................................................................................................ 175 filtering parts with certain profile....................................... 202 modifying................................................. 54 extrusion types ......................... 232 extension lines...............................................174.......................................................................................................... 178 bolts and welds .... 180 examining the model ................101 parts .........74 origin...................................................................................................................................... 175 using template attributes .................. 74 labels .........................72 properties ...............72 modifying ................................................241 work plane grid .................................................................................................... 186 creating object representation settings .................................................................. 21 filtering assembly types ....................................................................................... 146 visualizing erection schedules. 200 tile pattern definition .......................36 grid labels .................... 25 exploding assemblies ............................................................. 66 creating object groups....................................... 185 exiting Tekla Structures........................................................................73 part labels................................245 grids coordinates............. 211 exact lines ....................................................75 modifying ........218 flying through model .......................26 tooltips ......................................................223 reference lines.......................... 113 assigning family numbers...............74 grid color.......... 202 features .................................. 178 copying filters ......................................................102 reference models..............................................................101 moving............................ 227 f family numbers .................................. 153 fixed constraints..............................32 top-in-form face .......................................................71 grid lines .........180 toolbars...................................................................... 177 view filters .................................................................... 176 numbering identical beams .............................................73 creating......... 119............................................................... 165 examples assemblies .74 creating..............................181 dimensions ............................... 177 selection filters .... 173 possible values.............. 117 cast units ........................................................... 176 filtering parts in specific phases ................................ 176 selected parts ............................................................. 229 defining erection schedules.................... 88............. 187 erection sequences .............................. 185 filtering beams and columns .......................................................................................................................................................erection schedules ...180 work area............ 179 examples.................................................75 properties ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 178 deleting filters ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................124 unselected parts ......................................................................................................................... 201 example............. 71.....................118......175........................................................................168 footings ............81 properties .....70 h handles ............................................................................................... 73 line extensions.....73 deleting...................................................................................... 176 finding distant objects......... 194 fittings ..............................................................39 hiding assemblies .............................................................................................185...................75 deleting.......................................................................................................................................................................... 186 creating project status visualization settings ................101 selecting .... 123 exporting sketched cross sections ........................................ 72.......................................................................................................................69 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 269 ....................... 187 visualizing project status ............................242 grid views creating. 175 filtering out reference models........................... 202 background colors................................................................ 174 wildcards ............................................................ 250........................... 251 g global coordinate system..................................... 187 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section ........................................................................................................................................................... 176 objects.............180 components........179 positioning planes............................

...................................................25 screen layout .....................................................................................................................................................................................32 local coordinate system ........23 changing the language of user interface ............................................................................133......................................................263 parametric modeling ....................160 models about 3D models.........................................71 locking the pointer in a direction ............................................. see tips .214 creating ............................21 j joining assemblies .234 Model Editor...........................................................................................163 levels..........................................................................................165 zooming ..................................................................................................190 creating ..........................................................65 Model Organizer ..................209 object types.................................................................................................................196 importing points ...........................................................................48 lines exact ................... 207..................................................211 examining .....................55 270 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 logical areas.....89 selectable objects .............................................................................................................233 Modeling of floor bay (66) ......................................................................................207 modeling hints and tips...............................................................................................................27 mirroring objects ...........................................25 lengthening parts ........................................60 dividing into phases ..................117 cast units .............................................................................................................................................................................................154 linear copying ............ 172 interrupting commands ... 134.................168 inquiring ....................................63 viewing.............................................................................218 horizontal position............................................ 208 lotting .............233 inquiring models ..................35 object selection.......................190 angles ...........................................................165 flying through model .....................59 checking for errors .............................263 holes ............................................................207 rotating...........................................................214 deleting ..............................................highlighting assemblies.......................................................................191 distances..............................................................191 menu tooltips..........................................196 reinforcements.............................................................................................42 introduction to Tekla Structures .................................107 licences.......................105 i identical parts.................................................................................................215 removing .......123 reference models....................................................................................171 object properties .......................................116 l languages available languages................50 Model Browser .........................................................................................................................................................165 modify filter check boxes....195 organizing ........................................................................................27 toolbars in Model Editor ..................................................166 materials ......................................................................................191 bolt spacing.................................................................................................................................................32 Mini Toolbar customizing.................171 moving .................................37 hints and tips.............................................................86 sketched cross sections .......................................................... 135 horizontal constraints.......................................................168 numbering....................................................................................29 modifying logical areas......................................................................................................................45 moving ...............180 loading dialog box properties.............................215 m Magnifier ...98 measuring objects..................167 saving .........................214 adding parts .209 ........................................................................... 171......22 line cuts.................................................

................................. 38 showing and hiding............................... 43....263 overriding snap switches ...................................................168 parallel constraints................................................................................. 172 measuring.............................................................................................. 181 deleting....265 positioning ..................................................201.................................................................................. 197 about numbering ............................................................................................... 48 using handles ........................... 198 clearing....................................................................................................................................................................................... 198 reinforcements ....................................... 26 using coordinates ................................................... 204 identical parts ......................................... 201 preliminary numbers................ 36 moving..................203 views ................. 200 family numbers........................................................................................................................ 211 series........... 101 multi-user vs single-user ......... 172 pad footings ................................................................190 mirroring ................................................. 168 objects.............................. 205 user-defined attributes ........................233 dependencies .......... 48 toolbars .................................................................................................................................... 46 positioning planes ............ 224 to another object .......................35 rotating ................ 200 identical reinforcements ............ 195 assemblies ..... 250 panels ..... 243 object property report templates....................................................197 placing objects in model .............................................................................196........................ 195 object representation settings................235 variables .............................................97 moving hints and tips .....................................................43 filtering...................................173 finding distant objects..............................53 overlapping numbering series...................................207 objects clash checking.........................234 profiles................................53 oversized holes........nested assemblies..............207 orthogonal beams.......................................62 organizing the model ....................................184 creating............... 204 numbering series.........................................135 o p object groups....43... 186 transparency settings ................................................................................................................ 181 color settings ......35 defining visibility ....................................................................................................... 198 cast units ...................199........................................50 modifying ................................................... 259........................................183 deleting........ 114..................................................................192 copying ..... 202 history......................................................... 198 sequences.. 40.................................. 35............................................. 260..................................................................................................................106 opening models....... 171......................................................................................201.................. 116 numbering .......................................................................43 creating.......................................186 object types ..............................................179 deleting..................... 197 what affects .......................................................................................................................................................... 263 linearly to new position............. 204 control numbers .36 duplicates .....................................49 selecting ..... 203 settings..................................................................................................... 182 example............................. 49 to another plane ....................................184 example.......................... 46 numbering ...........249 orthogonal directions .........................121 panning............................... 182 creating ....................................... 24 n TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 271 ........................................................................................ 196 modifying............................................................................................182 copying ................................................ 47 using drag-and-drop........................................195................................................................... 48 models in a view..................... 118........................................217 parametric modeling ..............................................234 parametric profiles ........179 offsets .........................................................................194 inquiring properties............................................................................................................ 36. 242 copying to another model.......................................................................................................................................................................................265 properties .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 261 standard part model ...................................................................................................................................................

..........116 assemblies...................61 project status visualizations ..............................................................108 depth............................................................220 radius .....198 preparing parts for welding .......................................... 97............ 187 prompts .......................................................................................................................................................................180 splitting .. 140 printing screenshots ..................... 101......................................................................184 copying ..............................................112 user-defined................................................................................ 97 filtering .............................................................196 labels .......................................91 selecting......83 reference lines ..........................107 on the work plane ........................................ 102 profiles ........................................................................86 importing....................................................194 concrete parts..............104 end offsets ..........................................................54 filtering ...................................................185 creating ..................................................................................................99 warping .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................171 profiles ........................................................................................................................ 101 lengthening in drawings...........................108 redrawing views ....156 extension lines.................50 plane views ......................83 points .......85 coordinates .............175 picking points.184 deleting ..................................108 cambering........................................................................... 224..................98 changing the profile .................................................... 162 changing the material .................................................................................................................................................137 preliminary numbers .............................................................................................97 twin profiles.............................. 185.............. 120 polygon cuts.................................................................................................. 102 reference model objects...................................................................................................................92 ..................264 identical parts ........................................................ 235 prefixes ............................................................................214 material.......101 parts adding to assembly..........................................232 standard....................................... 197.....................157 comparing.................................................................................................... see snapping......................... 35.............................................................................. 201 part types......................211 filtering .........................................................................97 sketched profiles....................................................222 moving ..........86 polybeams ................................................................................176 parametric.........185 example ..................................................................118 cutting with another part ..............102 rotation......................................................................................................................................... 180 horizontal parts ...................158 steel parts ..............224 reverting to default ..................109 user-defined attributes.......217 phases ............................................................................................................ 95 sequences ................97 weld size prefix ............................97 project properties ......................162 showing only selected parts ..........................96 position .......................... 101......................................................155 272 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 polygon shapes........................................................103 vertical .................98 modifying part length ...............................264 numbering......................................... 96......216 position bending ...........................86 phase and ID ............................ 111. see snapping ..........159 perpendicular constraints..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................105 levels.......................................................................50 properties......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................157 polylines ................................................175 hiding ................. 212 shortening in drawings...............................................................................180 showing with exact lines ................97 separators.............................................part labels .100 showing and hiding.................. 161..........33 r radial dimensions ............................86 picking..96 properties.......106 horizontal ................................................................. 179............ 139.....163 lotting . 211.................................. 225 prefixes profile name prefixes ...113 bending....................................................................................................................... 100....................................................................................................................97 combining ..........................................................................................105 positioning planes ........................

...............................................................38 sequences ....................................................... 242 round holes.............................243 sections ................................................................................................................................170 in Windows Vista ............................................................................................................................................... 196 numbering ........................................................................................... 89 viewing changes.................................................................171 settings .................................... 73 rendered views .......................42 modifying selection...63 sketched cross sections ........................................................... 37 rotating around a line .............38 handles.........38 in Model Editor ................................................................. 36............. 77 repeating commands..............................40 reference model objects ................................................ 174.................................................................................................... 77 representation options.................................212 creating..............39 interrupting object selection................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 101 refreshing views .......38 nested assemblies......................................................... 92 updating ............. 34 s saving dialog box properties .... 175 selection switches...............................230 screen layout in Model Editor .......................................................................................... 87 clash checking.......... 87 modifying properties................................211 adding parts.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 176 hiding.........................................92 reference models...................... 121 running commands..... 49 parts ..........................................................42 multiple objects......... 198 relative coordinates ...................................... 113 slabs..............................65 screenshots creating..........55.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................40 objects ..............................213 modifying .........38 window selection .................... 88 selecting .............. 90 supported DGN objects..........................................................................................213 inquiring...... 83 reinforcements identical ........................ 89 reference points.......................................................................................... 134 plates..................................... 77 restoring default work plane ... 193 filtering.................................................................................................88 single objects..... 225 to old clash checking functionality........................... 71 reverting to default positioning planes................................................................................................................................................................31 models..... 194 RGB values ....................................................................................... 264 roles... 49 models..........................40 crossing window selection..........................................................................38 selection filters........................................................... 172 representation options......................... 88 splitting into reference objects.......................212 deleting.........................37 in Drawing Editor ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 103 rotation settings....................................................... 88 highlighting ...................................................... 167 objects................ 89 inserting..........................................42 assemblies .......................................170 printing.........171 saving in bitmap format ...........................................................................................reference models......................................................40 cast units ...........................................................208 selecting adding objects to selection .............................. 34 report templates for inquiring object properties. 37 objects in components................... 22 rollover highlight .....................213 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 273 ..........224.............

.................................................................33 ....................53 snap priority .......36 parts labels ...............................................245 edge chamfer properties...........................................................................................................................247 steel column properties ..........................215 adding constraints...........................................................51 main snap switches ............... 233 modifying ....53 snapshots..............................................................................................54 to positions at even distances...............................................51 snap symbol.................................................................................................. 159 plates and slabs.......205 standard profiles ..............................................................................................159 standard part models .................................244 weld properties ....................................162 showing assemblies.....................................................................................................................................180 components ...................................................................................247 strip footing properties ..........228 slabs......................................................................... 53........................................170 splitting parts........................................................................................... 26.....................................................................................232 extrusion types...........55 using tracking...................................124 views..25 status bar ......245 numbering settings ................................................231 variables ...... 260...........................................................249 pad footing properties.............................................70 shortening parts in drawings...........216 chamfers ..........................250 rotation settings ...............................................51 other snap switches ..........................................251 twin profile properties .................................................................................................................................................................................................................248 corner chamfer properties .........50 snap zone ................101 to part extension lines....134 snap switches .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................229 exporting .......................................................226 testing ..................................132 single grid lines ...223 reference lines .....216 positioning planes ..252 concrete column properties ..................232 example ............................................................................................231 using in models.......................................................................50 snapping toolbar ............................................................252 concrete panel properties .....................253 contour plate properties................................................................................242 grid properties..................................180 positioning planes........................................................................................................226 circles...........217 creating ..................215 274 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 sketched cross sections.........51 snap grids ........................... 261 orthogonal beam properties..............................................225 polylines...................242 screenshot settings...............................258 display settings .........160 slotted holes...................................................................101 parts with exact lines .......232 saving .259 general modeling settings............................................. 54 using coordinates.................................................................97 starting Tekla Structures ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................220 arcs ...........................................................34 work area......................254 concrete slab properties ...........................................settings bolt properties.............................................................................................................................................53 snapping dimensions.......53 snap depth ..........................................................................................................226 sketch editor ...............................217 adding dimensions.........82 warning messages........................................255 concrete beam properties..........................................................................24 Sketch Browser.......241 grid view properties ....................74 single-user vs multi-user.......................................52 overriding .............................................259...........................................................................................58 snap override ...............243 steel beam properties ...................................... 158...........32 top-in-form face .....................................................241 grid line properties ..............56 using temporary reference points ................................................................................227 importing .....256 shifting the work plane ........................................................................................................................................230 sketch thickness ............................................................. 53 tooltips .......................................56 Xsnap..........181 dimensions ..........................................102 toolbars...................................................................................... 232......216 creating pictures ............................................51 to middle points........................69 single bolts.....250 view properties ...............................50 in orthogonal directions.. see screenshots ...............................222 profiles .......................................... 120...................................................................... 121 warping .............

25 overview ..................................................................................110.. 23........................................................................................ 146 tips activating overlapping views.............................................................56 transparency settings ................................. 142 on chamfered parts .............. 145 switches selection switches ..... 110 orthogonal beams ............................... 249 polybeams..............................111................................................................................................. 165............... 112......................... 250 storys...... 149 pattern definition example ..................................... 208 strip footings ................213 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 275 .........................................179 view filters....... 30 views .................................................................................. 38 switching between tabs .....................................264 placing objects...................... 111 twin profiles ...............steel parts.......................................32 top-in-form face .................124 tracking ...................................................................................197 user-defined profiles ...........................79 moving................263 copying and moving efficiently ...................... 177 Template Editor .................................................................. 248 curved beams....................................................... 169 numbering history...........................................................80 viewing logical areas ................................................264 finding RGB values for colors.....................................97 v variables in parametric modeling ...............................................................264 modifying part length ..........................................243 twin profiles............................... 113 beams ... 25 t tabs................................................................................................................. 247 columns............................................................ 30 template attributes in filtering..........................................................................174 view planes..................................................................................................................................................... 55 testing sketched cross sections.................. 25 temporary reference points ...................... 83 Symbol Editor ............................................................................................. 247 contour plates..................... 112....... 145 creating new tile patterns ........................................................................................................................265 toolbars............................................................................... 109 assemblies . 250 u user interface in Model Editor .................................... 115 bolting to existing assembly ................................................. 141 creating new surface treatments ................................................................................................................................................ 113............................210 sequence numbers................... 142 on part face ..................................................................................... 140 surface treatment .................................................................................105 view depth ..............234 in sketching ..............109....................112... 142 tiled surface treatment....24 user-defined attributes.................................... 231 tiled surface treatment......26 tooltips ..................... 143 on cut faces......119..................263 creating horizontal parts ......... 251 sub-assemblies . 146 pattern definitions............................219 vertical position..............................................................26 Mini Toolbar................................................................................65 languages............ 143 on selected areas........................................................................................210 models................................27 moving........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 141 on all faces of part..........................................................................................................99 in numbering............. 145 pattern elements .........................................................................................................................................228 vertical constraints.................................................141...................................................... 133 welding to existing assembly.265 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern ............................................................. 144 modifying............... 142 on parts with openings and recesses......................204 object types ....................................................................

............................184 x Xsnap............................176 window selection...83 switching between views ......................... 135...........................69 work plane.......................................179 visualizing project status......................................................................77 work area .................178 numbering.................................................................................................................................166 zoom settings..............159 concrete parts...............................................77 visibility of objects ......................82 overlapping .......................................................................257 welding sub-assemblies ......166 zoom window .............. 140 weld size prefixes .............137 weld types....................................................................................................53 z w warning messages............................................................... 139.......................................................................................................................................................................69 hiding .......................................................81 opening....................................................71 shifting ......136 weld preparation .....................82 modifying .................................................................................. 138............................................................................................................79 view types.........................165 ...........................................................................140 276 wildcards .........................................................................................159 concrete slabs ...................views.......166 with keyboard shortcuts ...........................................................................260 weld position.........................................................................................................................160 welds....81 view planes..............................................83 closing ........................................................................................................38 wire frame views .................... 256 creating...................................82 naming.................................................. 68............263 properties........................................................... 139 filtering ......................................................................................................81 deleting ....................................................70 restoring............................................ 179 defining ......................................................166 zooming in or out .............................................................70 workspace in Model Editor.........................................................................................................59 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 zooming using Magnifier ...........................................................................................................................................................244 refreshing.........83 creating........................................................................34 warping beams.................83 temporary ................76 arranging ....................................................................................................