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ELECTRICAL PROJECTS USING MATLAB/SIMULINK

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Modeling and Simulation of Micro-grid Based on Small-hydro
ABSTRACT:
As a renewable resource, small hydro is gaining more and more attention due to its variable
advantages. The paper focuses on the operation of the micro-grid based on small-hydro. A
simulation model of the micro-grid is established by Simulink, which takes the following two
cases into account, the grid-connected operation and isolated operation. Under these two cases,
the differences of the excitation voltage and rotator speed are analyzed respectively. Power
quality of the voltage is also analyzed. Faults are pre-set in the grid and micro-grid. Then the
operations of the micro-grid when faults happen are simulated. By comparison of the results, the
effects of the fault-cutting-off time are discussed.

KEYWORDS:
1. Small-hydro
2. Micro-grid
3. Model
4. Simulation
5. Faults

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

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SIMULING BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Fig. 1. Simulation model of the entire system

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

Fig. 2. Field voltage of generator

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Fig. 3. Rotator speed of generator

Fig. 4. Output voltage (RMS) of generator 1(THD=0.80%)

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Fig. 5. Active power assumption of load 1

Fig. 6. Field voltage of generator

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Fig. 7. Rotator speed of generator

Fig. 8. Output voltage (RMS) of generator 1(THD=1.91%)

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Fig. 9. Active power assumption of load 1

Fig. 10. Field voltage of generator

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Fig. 11. Rotator speed of generator

Fig. 12. Output voltage (RMS) of generator 1

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Fig. 13. Active power assumption of load 1

Fig. 14. Field voltage of generator

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Fig. 15. Rotator speed of generator

Fig. 16. Output voltage (RMS) of generator 1

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Fig. 17. Active power assumption of load 1

Fig. 18. Field voltage of generator

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Fig. 19. Rotator speed of generator

Fig. 20. Output voltage (RMS) of generator 1

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Fig. 21. Active power assumption of load 1

CONCLUSION:
The micro-grid based on small-hydro can work normally without disturbance by simulating the
grid-connected operation and islanded operation. The power quality would have been improved
when the micro-grid connected to the grid by comparing the waveforms of output voltage and
active power assumption. And the THD would have decreased when the micro grid is in gridconnected operation. Analyze the recovering time and influence of fault-cutting time by setting
fault to the micro-grid and grid. The simulation results stress the importance of fault-cutting
time. Cutting off the fault in time would suppress the system oscillation, and the generators are
easier to get synchronous again. The system would oscillate fiercely with high frequency if the
fault could not be cut off in time. However, the actual situation is more complex. Considering the
change of load, actual situation of small-hydro power plants (changes of water level and so on),
development of different distributing power and so on, the structure of the conventional microgrid will become more complex, so the model in the paper needs some improvement.

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REFERENCES:
[1] Tao YU,Haihua LIANG. “Smart power generation control for microgrids islanded operation
based on reinforcement leaning”,. Master's degree thesis of south china university of
technoiogy,2012
[2] Fred H. Schwartz, Mohammad Shahidehpour. “Small Hydro As Green Power.” Power
Engineering Society General Meeting, USA, 2005, pp. 2050 - 2057.
[3] ZHANG YuanSheng, et al. “The effects on the load model of the distributed network with
small hydro power.” 2011 The International Conference on Advanced Power System Automation
and Protection, China, 2011, pp.911-916.
[4] Anuradha Wijesinghe, Loi Lei. “Small Hydro Power Plant Analysis and Development,”
Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies (DRPT), China, 2011,
pp.25 –30.
[5] Guillermo C. Zu˜niga-Neria, Fernando Ornelas-Tellez,J. Jesus Rico. “Optimal Operation of
Energy Resources in a Micro-grid.” Power Systems Conference, USA, 2014, pp. 1-6.

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