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# Carcangiu Sara - Forcinetti Renato - Montisci Augusto

DIEE - University of Cagliari – Sardinia - Italy

Outline o Introduction • Main problems of known MHD generators • Main features of the proposed device • Principle of functioning o FEM analysis o Numerical Results o Conclusions & Future work .

Introduction WIKIPEDIA https://en.org/wiki/Magnetohydrodynamic_generator#/media/File:MHD_generator_(En).wikipedia.png Schematic view of the MHD conversion principle .

• Drawbacks of classical MHD generators: • Need of very high external Magnetic Field • • High temperatures are needed to ionize fluid Seeding Recovery • • Deterioration of electrodes Need for flowing working fluid • Advantages of the proposed device • No external Magnetic Field • No Superconducting Coils • High Performance at Low Temperatures • • No seeding Quasi .Static working fluid .

Principle of functioning Generator layout Stack – Capacitor detail Setup functional scheme .

FEM Thermo – acoustic analysis Viscous layer Inlet Pressure Meshed model with boundary layer detail .

Governing equations Variables  Acoustic pressure (p)  Particle velocity (u) Temperature (T)  Density (ρ) .

ρ=0 Sound hard boundary Variables Inlet Pressure  Acoustic pressure (p)  Particle velocity (u) Temperature (T)  Density (ρ) .Boundary conditions & Study Outlet Pressure P=0 Axial simmetry Initial values p=0 . u=0 .

Tijdeman.FEM Thermo – acoustic analysis Meaningful parameters for a given gas  Frequency  Radius of the duct  Pressure   sR  Shear wave number Velocity profiles from literature H. 1-33. Journal of Sound and Vibration. 39 (1975). On the propagation of sound waves in cylindrical tubes. pp. . Vol.

FEM Thermo – acoustic analysis Velocity distribution (Rd=3.01 . f=0.1000 Hz) .5cm.

Animation (Color map: velocity amplitude. Arrow : Acoustic velocity vector) .FEM Thermo – acoustic analysis Post-processing Velocity distribution .

FEM Multiphysics analysis Generator layout Inlet Geometry and materials used Meshed Model Physic-controlled mesh Extra fine (2091 elements) .

Governing equations Variables  Acoustic pressure (p)  Particle velocity (u) Temperature (T)  Density (ρ)  Electric potential (V)  Particles position .

Boundary conditions & Study Sound hard boundary Axial simmetry Initial values p=0 . dp/dt=0 + Bounce Dielectric shielding Variables Acoustophoretic Force Electric Force Release: N=10^3 Electric potential Inlet Acoustic pressure  Acoustic pressure (p)  Particle velocity (u) Temperature (T)  Density (ρ)  Electric potential (V)  Particles position .

FEM Multiphysics analysis Electric potential (Color Map) & Electric field lines .

FEM Multiphysics analysis Particles tracing: Animation .