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# 12

Ext12

Extension
Exercise 12

Further trigonometry

a



p
b sin x 2 sin x
4
2 a

## These equations have 0, 1 or 2 solutions in the range 08 4 x 4 3608.

For each equation, state the number of solutions.
p
p
i 2 cos y sin y 5
ii 3 sin y
7 cos y 5
p
p
iii
2 sin y 3 cos y 1
iv 4 cos y 3 sin y 5
Explain why an equation of the form
a cos x b sin x c
has at most two solutions for 08 4 x < 3608.

3 Show that the equation a cos y b sin y c has no solution for jcj >

p
a2 b2 .

4 Find the maximum and minimum values of these expressions, stating the values
of y, from 08 to 3608 inclusive, for which they occur.
p
a 3 2 cos (y 458) 7 sin y
b cos (y 608) cos y
5 Prove these identities. (A, B, C are to be taken as the angles of a triangle.)
a

sin A sin (B

cos A

c
d

cos (B

2 cos B cos C
A
B
C
sin A sin B sin C 4 cos cos cos
2
2
2
tan A tan B tan C tan A tan B tan C

6 Simplify tan

C)

x tan

8 Show that
a

C) 2 sin B cos C

tan 158 2

1 1
2

tan

1 x
1x
1 1
5

tan

1 1
8

p4 .

p
3

tan 22 12 8

p
2

a

1 4
5

cos

1 5
13

1 24
25

sin

1 8
17

1 1
4

tan

1 3
4

## 10 Without using a calculator, find tan tan

a

tan

1 4
3

2 tan

1 1
2

tan

sin

1 4
5

1 1
3

. Show that

tan

1 3
4

p
2

11 Prove, using the method on page 280, that cos (A B) cos A cos B

sin A sin B.

## A2 Core for AQA # Pearson Education Ltd. 2005

12

Further trigonometry

a

1 1
4

tan

1 1
3

1 3
4

tan

1 5
12

## cos y, given that y sin

1 8
17

1 3
5

cos

13 Prove that
a
b
c

1 1
tan 1 13 p4
2
2 tan 1 12 tan 1 43
1
1

tan

cos ( sin

x 2 cos

x)

p
1 x2

14 Solve
a

cos

2x sin

tan

(1

x) tan

(1 x) tan

## 15 The lines y 2x 3 and y 13 x

positive direction of the x-axis.

1 2
9

## Hence, write down tan a and tan b.

By finding tan (a

## b), or otherwise, find the angle between the lines.

16 Find the acute angle between each of these pairs of lines, giving the answer in
radians correct to 3 significant figures.
a

y 3x 1 and y 4

2y x 7 0 and y 5x 1 0

## 17 A rectangular sheet of paper ABCD is folded as shown in the diagram so that

the corner A lies on BC, where AB h, AC k and DAC x.
D
Fold

x
B

a
b
c
18 a

h A

k
Show that cot x cosec x(1 cos x).
h
Given that the rectangle has sides 5 and 10 find h, k and x.

p
Show that, if the sides of the sheet of paper are in the ratio 1: 2, then
x 458.
Show that if, in 4ABC, B is twice C, then ab2 c(a2 b2

c 2 ).

## Explain why ab2 c(a2 b2

condition for B 2  C.

## c 2 ) is a necessary, but not sufficient,

12

Further trigonometry

## 19 ABCD is a square of side a. Triangle ABE is an equilateral triangle drawn on

AB as base with E outside the square. CE, DE meet AB in P and Q
respectively.
E

p
Prove that PQ a(2 3

3).

20 A particle is moving along a straight line and its displacement x cm from a fixed
point O on the line at time t s is given by x 4(1 cos2 t).
Find the value of x where the velocity of the particle is a maximum.
21 Show, from first principles, that if y cos x, then

dy

dx

x.

sin x.

A
y  sin 2x  x
0

## There is a maximum turning point at A and a minimum turning point at B.

Find the coordinates of A and B.

Find the volume generated when the shaded area is rotated through 2p radians

1
23 Find
sec4 x cot2 x dx.
4

cos3 x
dx.
Hint: Write cos3 x as cos x(1 sin2 x).
24 Find
sin4 x

## A2 Core for AQA # Pearson Education Ltd. 2005

12

Further trigonometry

## 25 This diagram shows part of the curves y sin x and y cos x.

y
y  cos x

y  sin x

A
B
0

Find VA , the volume of the solid generated.

Find VB , the volume of the solid generated.

2 p
x(4 x) dx
0

27 a
b

Find

cot x
p dx
1 cos 2x