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Culvert Construction

1.0 Introduction
Culvert Construction Procedure
2.0 Abbreviation
Site Engineer
Technical Officer
Personal Protective Equipment
Quality Assurance Engineer
Materials Engineer
Technical Specification
3.0 Resources
1 No. Water Tanker
Man Power
Survey helpers

Equipment/ Tools
1 No. Back Hoe Loader (if
1 No Excavator


Concrete Mixer

Grade 15 & 25 Concrete

Reinforcement Steel [Y10mm,Y12mm,Y16mm,
Y25mm, 6mm]

15 mm thick Plywood Sheets

50 x 50mm and 50 x 25mm timber Reefers


Dump Truck

Skilled & Unskilled


Rammer Compactor

Binding wire

Leveling Instrument
Water Pump
2 Nos. Poker vibrators( 1 is
Wheel Barrows
Mortar Pans
Timber Planks/ Steel Plates
Hand Tools
Hydraulic Breaker (if

Polythene film
Mould Oil
Gunny Bags
Backfill Material
Cover Blocks
64 Rubble
PVC Pipe(Type 600)
Geo textile
Metal for stone packing
Fine Aggregates
Coarse Aggregates

4.0 Quality Control Procedure

4.1 Material sampling and testing.
The materials Engineer would take the samples from required materials such as concrete
and soil according to the specified frequency and locations.
Concrete: in concrete, one set of cubes would be made per 10 cu.m of concrete. At least one
sample would be taken on each day that a particular grade is used. Crushing strength of the
concrete cubes would be tested for the samples at ages of 7 and 28 days. Each sample would
be identified by identification No and it is displayed on the test cubes and a same
identification No would be included in the sample register. The identification tag includes,
the date of cast, age of test and date of test to be performed.
4.2 Inspection Check list
To ensure that the all activities being performed with the expected quality, an inspection
check list would be filled by the person in charge for the reconstruction of Culvert in case of
Pre-construction, during construction and post construction. The inspection check list shall
include the specific requirements, safety and environmental measures. Inspection checklist
for culvert construction
4.3 Dimension Control
All specified lengths, widths and heights would be properly maintained during construction
and all these dimensions would be checked with the inspection check list. In case of
identifying the undesirable changes in specified dimensions and even beyond the specified
tolerances, the particular work would be reworked before the subsequent work.
5.0 Methodology of Work
Methodology flow chart and the work would be carried out for only half of the culvert first
and second part would follow the finish of the first part.
5.1 Removal of Existing Structures
Existing structures would be removed with prior approval of the Engineer and as per the
Technical Specification.
5.2 Excavation
1. This work consists of the necessary excavation for foundation of culverts, head walls, wing
walls and other structures.
2. Necessary diverting of streams, construction and subsequent removal of necessary
coffer dams,sheet pile driving, shoring, dewatering, pumping and removal of any
obstructions for placing the foundation, backfilling, clearing the site of debris and the
disposal of excess excavated materials would be also included in this work schedule.
3. Prior to commencement of excavation, the limit of excavation would be set out as shown
in the drawings and directed by the Engineer.
4. All excess soil and other material from the excavation including logs, boulders etc would
be removed from the site and disposed to the locations approved by the Engineer.
5.3 Structural & Masonry Work
1. Prior to commencement structural and masonry work, the excavated areas would be
compacted to the required level given by the Engineer if necessary.
2. Concrete trial mixing, sampling and testing would be carried out as mentioned

in Technical Specification and accordance with the BS 1881 standard and subsequently all
the test results would be submitted to the Engineer for approval.
3. Subsequently form work of base and re-bar would be carried out according to the
construction drawings and the base would be made with a grade as instructed by the
Engineer and concrete would be thoroughly compacted by vibration.
4. Concrete would be placed in such a manner as to avoid segregation by means of chutes
and the displacement of reinforcing bars and would be spread in horizontal layers where
5. All concrete surfaces would be kept wet for 7 days after placing concrete.
6. Abutment and wing wall would be constructed by using random rubble or concrete up to
the level of capping beam with providing weep holes as per the details given by the
7. All the exposed surfaces of RRM would be plastered with cement mortar.
8. As done in the base all the procedures would be carried out for constructing the capping
beam as per the construction drawings.
9. Having completed all the necessary work in placing reinforcing bars and form work, the
deck would be concreted with a grade as instructed by the Engineer.
10. The surface of the deck would be kept wet for at least 7 days after placing concrete.
11. No temporary loads would be placed on the deck. Deck slab would be opened to traffic
after the Engineers direction and not sooner than 28 days after the placing of the concrete
has been completed.