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Elements of Soil Mechanics, 8th Edition

Exercises 7.3 & 7.5

The worksheets in this spreadsheet illustrate the use of the BS8002 & EC 7
state design methods for the design of cantilever sheet pile walls.

Although the spreadsheet contains the data for Exercises 7.3 and 7.5 from
data may be changed so that the reader can see the effect of varying the s
retained height etc.
Instructions:

1. On opening the spreadsheet, the user must click "Enable Macros" in the
dialog box. (The macros contain the algorithms used to determine the des

2. As the routines call data from the partial factors spreadsheet, a dialog b
whether to update the data will appear. To use the default Eurocode 7 part
values, click "Don't Update". If, however, you have changed values in the p
spreadsheet, click "Update".
2. Select any sheet to continue.
Ian Smith, Sept 2005

e of the BS8002 & EC 7 GEO limit


eet pile walls.

cises 7.3 and 7.5 from the book, the


effect of varying the soil properties,

"Enable Macros" in the opening


d to determine the design depth.)

preadsheet, a dialog box asking


efault Eurocode 7 partial factor
hanged values in the partial factors

BS8002 simplified - cantilvr


Exercise 7.3: CANTILEVER Sheet pile wall

BS8002 - Simplified approach

phi =
gamma =
h=
M=

29.00
19.20 kN/m3
4.00 m
1.20

Min exc =
Design phi =

Surcharge =

10.00 kPa

Ka =

0.409

Kp =

2.444

0.4
24.8

Enter values into fields above, then click Solve.


FORCES:
Pp =

847.95 kN

Pa =

425.70 kN

Pq =

42.59 kN
379.66 kN

R=

Design Results:
LEVER ARM:
lp =

2.00 m

la =

3.47 m

lq =

5.21 m

MOMENTS:
Mp =

1699.07 kNm

Ma =

1477.35 kNm

Mq =

221.72 kNm

CHECK (M=0)
Mp - Ma - Mq =

-0.0007

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BS8002 simplified - cantilvr

Page 4

BS8002 simplified - cantilvr

Page 5

BS8002 simplified - cantilvr

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BS8002 simplified - cantilvr

surcharge, q

h
Pq

Pa

min exc
Pp

d0

Design Results:
d0 =

6.01 m

d = d0*1.2 =

7.21 m

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BS8002 simplified - cantilvr

Page 8

BS8002 simplified - cantilvr

Page 9

BS8002 simplified - cantilvr

-335544

Page 10

Eurocode 7, DA1, C1 - cantilvr

Exercise 7.3: CANTILEVER Sheet pile wall

Eurocode 7 - GEO limit state, Design Approach 1 - Combination


Min exc =
Design phi =

phi =

29.00

gamma =
h=

19.20 kN/m3
4.00 m

Surcharge =

Design gamma =

0.00 kPa
Ka =
Kp =

Enter values into fields above, then click Solve.


Actions:

(Rep.)

(Design)

FORCES (kN):
Pp1 =

530.79

716.57

(unfav, permanent)

Pp2 =

219.13

295.82

(unfav, permanent)

Pa1 =

256.78

346.65

(unfav, permanent)

Pa2 =

13.48

18.20

(unfav, permanent)

Pq1 =

0.00

0.00

(unfav, variable)

Pq2 =

0.00

0.00

(unfav, variable)

Design effect of actions (rotation of wall):


LEVER ARM:
lp1 =
1.46 m
lp2 =

0.22 m

la1 =

2.93 m

la2 =

0.22 m

lq1 =

4.39 m

lq2 =

0.22 m

MOMENTS:
Mp1 =

1046.19 kNm

Mp2 =

65.61 kNm

Ma1 =

1014.53 kNm

Ma2 =

4.07 kNm

Mq1 =

0.00 kNm

Mq2 =

0.00 kNm

CHECK (M=0) & (P=0)


(M=0)
(P=0)
ABS[(1)-(2)]

93.20
92.30

(1)
(2)

0.905640

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Eurocode 7, DA1, C1 - cantilvr

Design Approach 1 - Combination 1


Partial factors
0.4 m
29.0
19.2 kN/m

On unfavourable actions/action effects


G =
1.35
Permanent actions
Q =
Variable actions
1.50
On material properties

0.347
2.882

Coef. of shearing re

1.00

Weight density

1.00

Design Results:
d0 =
d=

Important: Please read the comment attached to this cell.

Page 12

4.38 m
4.82 m

Eurocode 7, DA1, C1 - cantilvr

surcharge, q

h
Pq1

Pa1

min exc
Pp1
Pa2

d0

Pq2

Pp2

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Eurocode 7, DA1, C2 - cantilvr

Exercise 7.3: CANTILEVER Sheet pile wall

Eurocode 7 - GEO limit state, Design Approach 1 - Combination


Min exc =
Design phi =

phi =

29.00

gamma =
h=

19.20 kN/m3
4.00 m

Surcharge =

Design gamma =

0.00 kPa
Ka =
Kp =

Enter values into fields above, then click Solve.


Actions:

(Rep.)

(Design)

FORCES (kN):
Pp1 =

447.29

447.29

(unfav, permanent)

Pp2 =

322.34

322.34

(unfav, permanent)

Pa1 =

317.41

317.41

(unfav, permanent)

Pa2 =

30.18

30.18

(unfav, permanent)

Pq1 =

0.00

0.00

(unfav, variable)

Pq2 =

0.00

0.00

(unfav, variable)

Design effect of actions (rotation of wall):


LEVER ARM:
lp1 =
1.48 m
lp2 =

0.39 m

la1 =

2.95 m

la2 =

0.40 m

lq1 =

4.42 m

lq2 =

0.38 m

MOMENTS:
Mp1 =

661.99 kNm

Mp2 =

125.83 kNm

Ma1 =

935.31 kNm

Ma2 =

11.93 kNm

Mq1 =

0.00 kNm

Mq2 =

0.00 kNm

CHECK (M=0) & (P=0)


(M=0)
(P=0)
ABS[(1)-(2)]

-159.42
-162.28

(1)
(2)

2.854153

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Eurocode 7, DA1, C2 - cantilvr

Design Approach 1 - Combination 2


Partial factors
0.4 m
23.9
19.2 kN/m

On unfavourable actions/action effects


G =
1.00
Permanent actions
Q =
Variable actions
1.30

0.423

On material properties/resistances
=
1.25
Coef. of shearing re

2.363

Weight density

Design Results:
d0 =
d=

Important: Please read the comment attached to this cell.

Page 15

4.44 m
5.21 m

1.00

Eurocode 7, DA1, C2 - cantilvr

surcharge, q

h
Pq1

Pa1

min exc
Pp1
Pa2

d0

Pq2

Pp2

Page 16

This spreadsheet has been downloaded from the website that supports
Smith's Elements of Soil Mechanics, 8th Edition
Published by Blackwell Publishing, May 2006
ISBN: 1-4051-3370-8
Visit the website:
http://sbe.napier.ac.uk/esm

Purchase the book:


(Blackwell Publishing website)

Please note:
This spreadsheet is an aid for learning and should really only be
used in conjunction with the relevant section in the book.
It is not intended for use in geotechnical design.
Ian Smith, May 2006

http://sbe.napier.ac.uk/esm