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16/03/2015

THE BUILDING OF A SHIP

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PRECONTRACTUAL WORK
(Owner requierment preliminary sketch - tender
contract)
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION
(Design Planning production logistic)

DELIVERY
(Sea trials period of guarantee)

1. PRECONTRACTUAL WORK
Owner requierment

Desired carrying capacity


Desired Services speed
Types of cargo
Cargo hold- lay out
Hatch cover
Preferred supplier of the engine, auxiliaries,etc
Number of crew
Operational range, to determine size of fuel tank, storage.
Completion date
Classification society, flag registration

Owner or shipping company then submit this requirements as a


call for tenders to several shipyard.
Sometimes shipping company already has a preference for a
particular shipyard.

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1. PRECONTRACTUAL WORK
preliminary sketch
A preliminary design which consist of an outline
specification, preliminary general arrangement
and estimate of the price was sent as the
response of the shipyard to the invitation to
tender

1. PRECONTRACTUAL WORK
tender
After having studied all the offer, company can make
final choice and start negotiation with one or two
shipyard to finalize contract price and
specification.
Finance scheme has to be determined.

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1. PRECONTRACTUAL WORK
contract
All parties involved then sign the final building
contract
When the building contract has been signed, all
parties have obligation that start with first down
payment and end with delivery and final payment.

2. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION


The design
The ship is elaborated in detail in construction
drawings.
Most relevant drawing have to be submitted
to classification society where the ship is to be
classed, and to the regulation body
(govermental inspectorate) in the country
where the ship is to be registered (flag state)

Panel block and section

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Production preparation and pre fabrication of


steel parts
Production preparation department prepare
the material ordering list and the job
description for the production of the block
sections.
Every individual steel part gets its own
individual code, and description, type of
material, block section number, etc.

Production phases
A ship is constructed in various stages, which can be overlap:
Pre-fabrication of steel parts
Building flat panels (plates with stiffener)
Building block section
Assemblying of hull and deckhouse on a slipway or in a
building dock
Installation and outfitting on a system and components
Painting of individual parts
Final paint layers on the outsides hull
Launching
System trial at the shipyard
Sea trial

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First bottom block is placed

Outfitting
Installation of deck house

Launching

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Commisioning
When the ships electrical system are ready, the
switchboard is connected to the shore supply to
get power. After carefull checking, then a diesel
generator are started.
Final testing of all system (electrical system,
engines,generator, pumps, technical equipment,
life saving equipment, light ship weight
measurement, and the inclining
experiment/stability test) will be conductedat the
shipyard

3. DELIVERY
Sea Trial
It can take from few hours to
several days. The exact behavior
of the ship in open sea will
become clear.
Speed and fuel consumption of
the empty ship can be
measured during sea trial

Period of guarantee
In general, the guarantee period is 12 months
after delivery of the vessel
The shipyard almost always takes over the
guarantee condition. If the ship can not be
repaired at or by shipyard,for instance, because
the ship is in another country. The shipping
company is allowed to have the ship repaiered by
the third party, but only if the cost of repairing
the ship are not more than the pricethe shipyard
would ask