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Debian Linux 8 Jessie

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WindowsLinux - GNOME
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01.
02.
03.Linux
04.Linux
05.Debian Linux 8 Jessie
06.GRUBBIOS
(U)EFI
07.GNOME(GDMGNOME Display
Manager)
08.GNOME

09.Synaptic
10.root
11.
12.
13.
14.systemadm
15.

16.dconfGKDebconf
17.RAM disk
18.
19.GPartedGNOME
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.FTP
27.
28.
29.
30.CDDVDDebian Install
CDUSB
31.x86-64x86

32.
33.
34.VirtualBox
35.Cairo-Dock
36.manual pages
37.Java Runtime Environment(JRE)
38.
39.

01.
DorisSinny
Even AliceZoey
StevenJoeVictorYi-Fang
VivienCECIIIIeduMichaelDavid

Linux

Doris

Sinny

EvenAliceZoey
Even
AliceZoey

QQ80
QQ

Steven
Steven

JoeIT

Victor


Yi-Fang

Vivien

CECI
IT

IIIeduIT

MichaelMsWindows

DavidPII/PIII CPU
PC

02.

MsDOSMsWindows

MsDOSMsWindows

MsDOSMsWindows
2005MacOSX2011
Linux
MsDOSMsWindows
MsWindows
MacOSXLinux
MsDOSMsWindows

MacOSXLinux

MsDOSMsWindows
MacOSXLinux
MsDOSMsWindows

Linux
Linux

Linux

Linux
MsDOSMsWindows
Linux

PDF

Linux

x86 CPUBIOS
LinuxGNOME

Linux Debian
Jessie
Debian
CPU

Debian

PDF
PDF
2001PDF

/201511
Ian Ho ( Email: ianian1979@gmail.com )

03.Linux
Linus Benedict
Torvalds1991
Linux

UNIXLinux
DOS
DOS
LinusGNU GPL
Linux

LinuxLinux
(shell)

Linux

ISO

Linux

Linux

Linux
LinuxDebian Linux 8 Jessie
Debian
Linux
Linux
Debian Linux
Linux

GNOME
Debian Linux
Debian Linux

Debian Linux
BUG
DebianDebian Linux
BUG
Debian Linux

link


Debian(Debian Taiwan User Group)
Debian
https://www.facebook.com/groups/debian.tw/

https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Linux
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Linux
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Linux
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/GNU
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Unix_shell
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Bash
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Debian
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/GNOME
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Linux_From_Scratch
Linux
http://www.linuxfoundation.org/
DistroWatch.com: Put the fun back into computing. Use Linux, BSD.
http://distrowatch.com/table.php?distribution=debian
Debian --
https://www.debian.org/index.zh-tw.html
Debian -- Debian
https://www.debian.org/intro/about.zh-tw.html
FrontPage - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/FrontPage
GNOME
https://www.gnome.org

- [] MozTW
https://forum.moztw.org/viewtopic.php?t=1344
Rockin' on without Microsoft - CNET News
http://news.cnet.com/2100-1082_3-5065859.html

http://www.yinwang.org/blog-cn/2012/05/18/user-friendliness/
LinuxWindows Mac
http://www.yinwang.org/blog-cn/2013/03/07/linux-windows-mac/

04.Linux

Debian Linux 8 Jessie

Linux

Linux2001
LinuxCaldera
OpenLinuxLinpus Linux

Linux
MsWindows Me

2015

Linux

Linux
Linux

(U)EFI
PC
MacBookIntel 32bit CPUEFIMac mini Server
Intel 64bit CPUEFI
x86(/i586/i686 32bit CPU) x8664(AMD6464bit CPU)

MsWindowsMsWindows

MsWindows

MsWindows
MsWindows

MsWindows
MsWindows

Linux
DebianDebian

LinuxDebian
2015
Linux Hardware Compatibility HOWTO
Linux2007
LinuxQuestions.org HCL
Linux-drivers.org
LINUX ALLOCATED
DEVICES

MsWindows
Linux2015
Debian Linux 8 Jessie

ATI radeon 7000

RV100QY
LinuxDebian Linux 8 Jessie

Linux
Linux
Linux

Linux
Hardware Compatibility HOWTO
Linux
ATI radeon 7000RV100QY
LinuxLinux
Linux

XorgSANE
ALSA
LinuxLinux
Linux
XorgSANEALSA

LinuxDebian Linux 8
Jessie
*PCI**IDS**Kconfig*

Linux

Debian Linux 8 Jessie + GNOME


"hwdata"/usr/share/hwdata/*PCI*.*IDS*
*PCI*.*IDS*
"pciutils"/usr/share/misc/pci.ids

LinuxCPU
PowerPCx86-64ARMLinux
Linuxx86-64
LinuxPowerPC

Debian Linux 8 Jessie


Linux

LinuxLinux

ab

Debian Linux 8 Jessie

Debian ISO
/pool/main/h/hw-detect/ethdetect_X.XX_all/
data.tar/etc/network/devnames-static
devnames-static

Linux

Linux

VirtualBox 5.0BIOS
CPU: x86/AMD64(32/64bit CPU)32bit CPU
4GB
VirtualBox 5.0
debian-8.2.0-i386-DVD-1.iso
GIGABYTE GA-965P-DQ6 BIOS
CPU: Intel Core 2 Duo E6300 1.86GHz (64bit)
8GB
ATI Radeon HD 5450 PCI-E
debian-8.2.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso
MacBook (2006)
EFI
CPU: Intel Core Duo 2.0 GHz (32bit)
2GB
Intel Graphics Media Accelerator (GMA) 950
debian-8.2.0-i386-DVD-1.iso +

"rEFInd"
Mac mini Server (Mid 2010)
EFI
CPU:Intel Core 2 Duo 2.66 GHz (64bit)
16GB
NVIDIA GeForce 320M
debian-8.2.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso

Debian

"firmware-8.2.0-i386-netinst.iso"

Linux
X.Org

LinuxX.Org
X.Org
MsWindows

X.Org
X.Org

Debian Linux 8 Jessie X.Org


/usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d/
/etc/X11/xorg.conf
xorg.conf

GRUB"recovery mode"

root Xorg
-configurexorg.conf"Nouveau"
xorg.conf

rootxorg.conf.new

xorg.conf/etc/X11/
xorg.conf
xorg.conf
log
xorg.conf

3D
3D"Armagetron
Advanced"
Debian Linux 8 Jessie"xserver-xorg-video-nouveau"
NVIDIA"xserverxorg-video-radeon"AMD/ATI Radeon

"xserver-xorg-video-radeon"
"firmware-linux-nonfree"

"xserver-xorg-video-XXX"

xorg.conf
/etc/X11/xorg.conf
NVIDIA
NVIDIANVIDIA
Debian Linux 8 Jessie
340.65

"NVIDIA"
NVIDIA
NVIDIA
nvidia-smi nvidia-kernel-amd64 nvidiakernel-3.16.0-4-amd64 nvidia-kernel-amd64 nvidiakernel-3.16.0-4-amd6432bitx86686-paenvidia-xconfignvidia-detect
NVIDIA
340.65
304.125
"nvidia-settings-legacy-304xx" "nvidia-legacy-304xx-kernelsource""nvidia-xconfig"
Jessie
NVIDIA
"xserver-xorg-video-nouveau"
Debian Linux 7 Wheezy
Debian WheezyNVIDIA

wheezy-backports
--nvidia-legacy-173xx-driver (173.14.39-2)
NVIDIA metapackage (173xx legacy version)
nvidia-legacy-173xx-kernel-source (173.14.39-2)
NVIDIA binary kernel module source (173xx legacy version)
nvidia-legacy-96xx-driver (96.43.23-7)
NVIDIA metapackage (96xx legacy version)
nvidia-legacy-96xx-kernel-source (96.43.23-7)
NVIDIA binary kernel module source (96xx legacy version)
--wheezy(oldstable)
--nvidia-glx-legacy (71.86.15-3)
NVIDIA binary Xorg driver (transitional, 71xx legacy)
nvidia-kernel-legacy-source (71.86.15-3)
NVIDIA binary kernel module source (transitional, 71xx legacy)
--

rootnvidia-xconfig
nvidia-xconfigxorg.conf
GNOME\\\\NVIDIA X
xorg.conf

AMD/ATI
AMD/ATIATI
Debian Linux 8 Jessie "fglrx
14.9"

Radeon HD 5450
"xserver-xorg-video-radeon"
GNOME Classic
Cinnamon(Software Rendering)
GNOME Cinnamon
"firmware-linux-nonfree"
GNOMECinnamon
ATI Radeon HD "fglrx
v14.9" fglrx-control fglrx-source amdopencl-icdxvba-va-driver

aticonfig --initialroot
/etc/X11/xorg.conf
/etc/X11/xorg.confaticonfig
--initial/etc/X11/xorg.conf
ATI Catalyst Control Centeraticonfig --initial
aticonfig --adapter=all --initial --force
fglrx v14.9 Debian
Linux 8.0 Jessie + GDM 3 + GNOME 3.14
fglrx v14.9GDM 3 + GNOME 3.14
LightDM + GTK
GDM 3 + GNOME 3.14"xserverxorg-video-radeon" "firmware-linuxnonfree" Jessie Backports fglrx
15.9
ATI Radeonfglrx 15.9
Linux4.2
Linux4.2fglrx
15.9Jessie BackportsLinux4.2
linux-headers-4.2.0-0.bpo.1-(CPU)linux-image-4.2.00.bpo.1-(CPU)Debian

LinuxLinux
AptitudeLinux

fglrx 15.9Debian
8.2 Jessie + GDM 3 + GNOME 3.14.2
Jessie"xserver-xorg-videosis"SiSXGI
Jessie

VirtualBox
(Guest OS)virtualbox-guest-x11

(Host OS)VirtualBox

Linux

VirtualBox

HardInfo1

HardInfo2

ATI Radeon HD 5450 PCI-E

HardInfo1

HardInfo2"firmware-linux-nonfree"

HardInfo3"fglrx"

fglrx1

fglrx2

fglrx3

fglrx4

fglrx5

fglrx6

Intel Graphics Media Accelerator (GMA) 950

HardInfo1

HardInfo2

NVIDIA GeForce 320M

2NVIDIA

HardInfo1

HardInfo2

nvidia1

nvidia2

nvidia3

nvidia4

fglrx


Debian 8 Jessie + GNOME
ALSADebian
ALSA
Synaptic
"alsa"
"alsa-firmware-loaders""alsa-tools-gui""alsamixergui"

GNOME\\

Debian Linux 8 JessieSynaptic

cups-pdf foomatic-db foomatic-db-gutenprint openprintingppdsgimp-gutenprintgutenprint-doc


"foomatic-db"Jessie
/usr/share/foomatic/db/oldprinterids/usr/share/
foomatic/db/source/printer/.xml
Linux
GNOME\
\\system-config-printerCUPS

cups1

cups2

JessieSynaptic
"sane""sane-utils"

GNOME\\\(simple-Scan)
"XSane"Jessie

"xkb-data"/usr/
share/X11/xkb/rules/base.lst

USB
"usbutils"
/usr/share/ hwdata/usb.ids/var/lib/usbutils/usb.ids
USB


Linux
hwdata-0.233-14.1.el6.zip
MonitorsDB
5600

Synaptic

"firmware"

Unofficial non-free images including firmware packages


http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/

Chapter 5. Issues to be aware of for jessie

5.10. The GNOME desktop requires basic 3D graphics


5.11. The GNOME desktop does not work with the AMD proprietary FGLRX driver
https://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/amd64/release-notes/ch-information.en.html#gnome-3d

The Linux Kernel ArchivesLinux


https://www.kernel.org/
Hardware - Debian Wiki:
http://wiki.debian.org/Hardware
Linux Hardware Compatibility HOWTO
http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/html_single/Hardware-HOWTO/
2007

LinuxQuestions.org HCL
http://www.linuxquestions.org/hcl/index.php
Linux-drivers.org Linux Hardware Compatibility Lists & Linux Drivers
http://www.linux-drivers.org/
LINUX ALLOCATED DEVICES (2.6+ version)
https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/docs/lanana/device-list/devices-2.6.txt

Device file
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Device_file
The PCI ID Repository
http://pciids.sourceforge.net/
Chapter 2. What's new in Debian 8
https://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/amd64/release-notes/ch-whats-new.en.html

HowToIdentifyADevice - Debian Wiki


http://wiki.debian.org/HowToIdentifyADevice
LKDDb: Linux Kernel Driver DataBase
http://cateee.net/lkddb/
Linux 2007

Category:Lists of microprocessors - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Lists_of_microprocessors

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Intel_chipsets
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_AMD_chipsets
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_Nvidia_chipsets
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_ATI_chipsets
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VIA_chipsets
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/AMD

https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/AMD
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/ATI

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Video_cards
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_NVIDIA_graphics_processing_units

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_AMD_graphics_processing_units

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silicon_Integrated_Systems
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S3_Graphics
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3dfx_Interactive
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_GMA
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Graphics_hardware_companies

http://www.alsa-project.org/main/index.php/Matrix:Main
http://alsa.opensrc.org/Sound_cards
http://alsa.opensrc.org/ALSA_modules
ALSA -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/ALSA
ALSA - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/ALSA
CategorySound - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/CategorySound
SoundCard - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/SoundCard
Documentation for the X Window System Version 11 Release 7.7 (X11R7.7)

http://www.x.org/releases/X11R7.7/doc/
X11R7.7 Manual Pages: Section 4: Drivers
http://www.x.org/releases/X11R7.7/doc/man/man4/
http://www.x.org/releases/X11R7.7/doc/xorg-docs/ReleaseNotes.html

xorg.conf
http://www.x.org/releases/X11R7.7/doc/man/man5/xorg.conf.5.xhtml
Xorg - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/Xorg
Nouveau: Accelerated Open Source driver for nVidia cards
http://nouveau.freedesktop.org/wiki/
nouveau/CodeNames
http://nouveau.freedesktop.org/wiki/CodeNames/
nouveau/FeatureMatrix
http://nouveau.freedesktop.org/wiki/FeatureMatrix/
Unix
http://www.nvidia.com.tw/object/unix-tw.html
LINUX X64 (AMD64/EM64T) DISPLAY DRIVER
:340.65
http://www.nvidia.com.tw/Download/driverResults.aspx/80679/tw
LINUX DISPLAY DRIVER - X86
:340.65
http://www.nvidia.com.tw/Download/driverResults.aspx/80661/tw
NvidiaGraphicsDrivers - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/NvidiaGraphicsDrivers
NVIDIA -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/NVIDIA
Unofficial Wiki for the AMD Linux Driver
http://wiki.cchtml.com/index.php/Debian
ATIProprietary - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/ATIProprietary

radeon ATI RADEON video driver


http://www.x.org/releases/X11R7.7/doc/man/man4/radeon.4.xhtml
AtiHowTo - Debian Wiki:
http://wiki.debian.org/AtiHowTo
AMD Catalyst - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AMD_Catalyst
AMD Radeon -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/AMD_Radeon
AMD -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/AMD
X.Org Wiki - RadeonFeature
http://wiki.x.org/wiki/RadeonFeature
X.Org Wiki - RadeonFeatureUMS
http://wiki.x.org/wiki/RadeonFeatureUMS
ATIRadeon:
http://dri.freedesktop.org/wiki/ATIRadeon/
Package: firmware-linux-nonfree
https://packages.debian.org/jessie/firmware-linux-nonfree
Additional options for the radeon driver - ThinkWiki
http://www.thinkwiki.org/wiki/Additional_options_for_the_radeon_driver

SystemPrinting - Debian Wiki


https://wiki.debian.org/SystemPrinting
Linux
http://www.openprinting.org/drivers
http://www.openprinting.org/printers?action=searchall
http://www.linuxfoundation.org/collaborate/workgroups/openprinting/databasefoomatic

Linux
http://www.sane-project.org/sane-mfgs.html
DeviceDatabase/USB - Debian Wiki
http://wiki.debian.org/DeviceDatabase/USB
Linux USB
The USB ID Repository / The home of the usb.ids file
http://www.linux-usb.org/usb-ids.html
home - h-node.org:
http://h-node.org/home/index/en
Debian GNU/Linux Installation Guide
Chapter 2. System Requirements
http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch02.html.en
3.4. Meeting Minimum Hardware Requirements
http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch03s04.html.en
Webcam - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/Webcam
Firmware - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/Firmware
hwdata.git - Hardware Database, including Monitors, pci.ids, usb.ids,
and video cards
https://git.fedorahosted.org/cgit/hwdata.git/refs/tags

05. Debian Linux 8 Jessie


debian-8.2.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso debian-8.2.0i386-DVD-1.iso

Intel CPU
MacOSXMsWindows
Debian LinuxrEFInd

MacOSX
MsWindows(NTFS)Linux(Ext4)

MsWindowsMacOSX(HFS+)
Linux(Ext4)
Linux
MsWindows(NTFS)MacOSX(HFS+)

Linux

VirtualBox
Host OS
Guest OS

ADSLCable ModemDHCP

IPDebian Linux
(DebianInstaller)DHCPIP

8.X

PPPoE
PPPoE

BIOS

EFI

MacBook 13
debian-8.2.0-i386-DVD-1.iso
EFIDebian ISO
MacOSX10.6.8

CMacOSX
(FAT32)MacOSX
"rEFInd"MacOSX
rEFInd
root
rEFIndMacOSXEFI
rEFIndrEFInd
"drivers_ia32"refind.conf

--timeout 15
use_graphics_for osx,linux,grub,windows
showtools shell, gdisk, memtest, mok_tool, reboot, firmware,
gptsync, apple_recovery, windows_recovery, netboot, about, exit,
shutdown scanfor
internal,external,optical,manual,netboot,hdbios,biosexternal,cd
--
USB
MacBookEFI
rEFIndrEFIndiso9660
(Boot Fallback boot loader from 302KiB
FAT volume)Debian
ISO
Debian Gnu/Linux UEFI Installer menuDebian 8 x86
(32bit)(U)EFI
()
rEFInd EFI Debian
JessieEFI
shell"aptitude"
"intel-microcode"

MacBook debian-mac8.2.0-i386-netinst.iso"netinst"

Debian
32Intel CPU
BIOS
BIOS
GDM

x86(-64)PC2005
USBPlop
Boot Managerplpbt-5.0.15.zip
1MBplpbt.iso
CDCD-RWUSB
plpbt.iso CD
Plop Boot ManagerUSB
USB


rEFInd1

rEFInd2

rEFInd3

rEFInd1

rEFInd2

GRUB1

GRUB2


PCBIOS

"Help"

"Advanced options"

"Graphical expert install"

Debian

PC(U)EFI
"Advanced options"

"Graphical expert install"

Debian

Debian

select a languageChinese(Traditional Chinese)-


()


"PNG"
/var/log/installer/
1GB

locale-zh_TW.UTF-8

locale

locale
"zh_TW.UTF-8"


PPPoE"ppp-udeb"

"ppp-udeb"
PPPoE

PPPoE

HiNet ADSL
,HiNet ADSL

HiNet ADSL
HiNet ADSL


OK

PPPoE

PPPoEPPPoE

PPPoE
"ppp-udeb"

IP

shadowroot
DebianLinux
root "GDM"
root

root

NTP
NTP
NTP

NTP

NTP
time.stdtime.gov.tw

"Asia/Taipei"

BIOS"msdos"


MsWindowsC

Ext4

/ - root

user_xattr -


MsWindowsD

/media/data
Debian8GNOME
/mediaD/data
/media

user_xattr -

MsWindows
pagefile.sys

max

EFI"gpt"


200 MB

"EFI System
Partition"

EFI

\\\

1.0MB
"DATA"
root root
"DATA"

Kernel"linux-image-3.16.0-4-686-pae"
CPUPentium"linux-image-3.16.0-4586"

Kernel"linux-image-3.16.0-4-amd64"

initrd

CD DVD

"http"

Debian

Debian"ftp.tw.debian.org"

opensource.nchc.org.tw

HTTP Proxy

non-free

discover
VirtualBox"virtualbox-ose-guest-x11"

VirtualBox
Synaptic
"virtualbox-guest-x11"

GNOME
Server Server

GRUB EFI
LILO

GRUB(MBR)

Force GRUB installation to the EFI removable media path?


BIOSEFI


debconf

debconf

shell
APT

shell

shellshell
DOSscript
/target /target
nanosources.listAPT
~#chroot /target
#nano /etc/apt/sources.list

nanonano

Aptitude

Aptitude

Aptitude

shell

UTC

BIOS

Mounting the EFI Boot Partition on Mac OS X


http://themacadmin.com/mounting-the-efi-boot-partition-on-mac-os-x/
The rEFInd Boot Manager
http://www.rodsbooks.com/refind/
MacMiniIntel - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/MacMiniIntel
Index of /cdimage/release/current/i386/iso-cd
http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/release/current/i386/iso-cd/

CategoryMacintoshComputer - Debian Wiki


https://wiki.debian.org/CategoryMacintoshComputer
P6 -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/P6
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P6_(microarchitecture)
-
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physical_Address_Extension
-
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
-
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
: Linux ? | T - :
http://www.techbang.com/posts/6153-fully-understand-linux-distribution-before-irrigation-how-to-drive

DebianInstaller - Debian Wiki


http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller
Debian --
https://www.debian.org/doc/
Debian -- Installation Guide
https://www.debian.org/releases/stable/installmanual
The Debian GNU/Linux FAQ
https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-faq/
Debian Reference
https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/

Debian -- Release Notes


https://www.debian.org/releases/stable/releasenotes
Debian -- Ports (Debian)
https://www.debian.org/ports/
Plop Boot Manager
https://www.plop.at/en/bootmanager/download.html

06.GRUBBIOS
(U)EFI
GRUBGRUB
"recovery mode"


LinuxDOS
GRUBDebian
LinuxXorg

"recovery mode"
nano

"Debian GNU/Linux, with Linux 3.2.0-4amd64""e"


linux /boot/ ... ro quiet
"nomodeset"
/etc/default/grub
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet nomodeset"
GRUBupdategrub
nomodeset


GRUB1

GRUB2

GRUB3

GRUB1

GRUB2

-
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
GNU GRUB -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/GNU_GRUB
GNU GRUB - GNU Project - Free Software Foundation (FSF):
http://www.gnu.org/software/grub/
GRUB 2 - Ubuntu Wiki
http://wiki.ubuntu-tw.org/index.php?title=GRUB_2_

Unix -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Unix
Kernel Command Line Parameters (aka Boot Options)
http://distro.ibiblio.org/fatdog/web/faqs/boot-options.html
-
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/

07.GNOME(GDMGNOME Display
Manager)
GNOME
GNOME(GDM, GNOME Display Manager)

"GNOME"GNOME

"GNOME Classic"GNOME
GNOME
"GNOME on Wayland"Xorg
Wayland
"GNOME on Wayland"

GNOME

"GNOME
Classic"
Debian
KDMKDELightDMLXDEXfceMate
Cinnamon
Debian


GDM1

GDM2

GDM3

GDM4

GDM5

KDM1

KDM2

LightDM1

LightDM2

LightDM3

TDM

GNOME -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/GNOME
GNOME Display Manager Reference Manual
https://help.gnome.org/admin/gdm/3.14/gdm.html
DisplayManager - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/DisplayManager
Wayland -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Wayland
Initiatives/Wayland - GNOME Wiki
https://wiki.gnome.org/Initiatives/Wayland

08.GNOME

GNOME
3D
GNOME
GNOME Classic

dock

GNOME

GNOME1

GNOME2

GNOME3

GNOME Classic
GNOME Classic
MsWindows2000

GNOME Classic1

GNOME Classic2

GNOME Classic3

GNOME Classic4

GNOME Classic5

GNOME Classic6

GNOMEGNOME

GTK

GTK
GTK

KDEKDE

Qt
Qt
Qt

GTKQt

Linux
GNOMEKDE
LinuxKDE
GTK/GNOME
GTK/GNOME)
GTK
Linux
GTK
GTK

GTKQt

GNOME
GTK
GNOME
GTK

Qt
KDELinux
openSUSEQt

Calligra SuiteQt
GTKQt

Linux

Debian Linux 8 Jessie Jessie


GNOME 3.14GNOME3.14
JessieDebianJessie
GNOME3.X

GNOME3.X2.XX

GNOME

"gnome-system-tools"
(Cross-platform configuration utilities for GNOME)
GNOME

/usr/bin/network-admin
GNOME\\\
/usr/bin/services-admin
GNOME\\\
/usr/bin/shares-admin
GNOME\\\
/usr/bin/users-admin
GNOME\\\
/usr/bin/time-admin
GNOME\\\

"software-properties-gtk"
(manage the repositories that you install software from (gtk))
Synaptic\\
"apt-xapian-index"
(maintenance and search tools for a Xapian index of Debian
packages)
Synaptic

"xfonts-cyrillic"
(Cyrillic fonts for X)
/var/log/Xorg.0.log
"xfonts-cyrillic"cyrillic

"Gkdebconf"
(Helper to reconfigure packages with Debconf)

"font-manager"
(font management application for the GNOME desktop)

Shell
Aptitude
Debian Linux 8 Jessie
Debian Linux
GNOME
GNOME

GNOME
"task-gnome-desktop"
"Debian desktop environment""GNOME"
"Debian desktop environment"
GNOME
Debian

"gnome"
"Debian desktop environment""GNOME"
Aptitude"GNOME"
gnome-coregnome-gameGNOME
synaptic
"gnome-core"
"Debian desktop environment""GNOME"
Aptitude"gnome-core"
GNOME
synapticGNOME
GNOME
rootAptitudesynaptic
synaptic
"gnome-core"synaptic
GNOME 3.14

Cinnamon
"Debian desktop environment""Cinnamon"
CinnamonGNOME
GNOMEGNOME
LightDM
"Cinnamon"Cinnamon
software-properties-gtk apt-xapianindexgkdebconfxfonts-cyrillic

MATE
"Debian desktop environment""MATE"
MATEGNOME
GNOME
GNOMEMATE
LightDM
"MATE"MATEsoftwareproperties-gtk apt-xapian-index gkdebconf xfontscyrillicmate-desktop-environment-extras

Xfce
"Debian desktop environment""Xfce"
XfceMsWindowsME
LightDM"Xfce
" Xfce softwareproperties-gtkapt-xapian-indexgkdebconfxfonts-cyrillic
xfce4-indicator-plugin xfce4-linelight-plugin xfce4-messengerplugin xfce4-screenshooter-plugin xfce4-whiskermenupluginxfwm4-themes

LXDE
"Debian desktop environment""LXDE"
LXDEMsWindows95

5861GB
PCLightDM
"LXDE" LXDE
software-properties-gtk apt-xapian-index gkdebconf xfontscyrillicmenulibreopenbox-menu

Debian Linux 8 JessieGNOME


CinnamonMATEXfceLXDEGTK
GTK

GTK
A
B

KDE
"Debian desktop environment""KDE"
KDE
KDM
KDE PlasmaKDE
smb4k synaptic softwareproperties-kdesoftware-properties-gtkapt-xapian-index
debconf-kde-helper gkdebconf xfonts-cyrillic kde-config-gtkstylegtk2-engines-oxygengtk3-engines-oxygenKDMGDM
root

Debian JessieKDEsynaptic

KDE\\(Apper)
synaptic(Apper)
synaptic
Razor-qt
Razor-qtMsWindows95

5861GB
PCRazor-qtDebian
JessieSynaptic
Aptitude

Shell
/etc/apt/sources.list"Aptitude"

razorqt razorqt-lightdm-greeter lightdm synaptic softwareproperties-gtk apt-xapian-index gkdebconf xfonts-cyrillic ttfwqy-zenhei


Debian
Razor-qtGTK
Razor-qtQt
synaptic

Trinity Desktop Environment


Trinity Desktop Environment"TDE"
KDE
KDEKDE
Trinity Desktop Environment

Shell
/etc/apt/sources.list
"Aptitude"/etc/apt/sources.list

deb http://ppa.quickbuild.pearsoncomputing.net/trinity/trinity-r14.0.0/debian jessie main


deb http://ppa.quickbuild.pearsoncomputing.net/trinity/trinity-builddeps-r14.0.0/debian jessie main

TDE
tde-trinitytde-i18nzhtw-trinity koffice-trinity koffice-i18n-zhtw-trinity trinitykeyring synaptic-trinity apt-xapian-index software-propertiesgtk xfonts-cyrillic ttf-wqy-zenhei tdmtheme-trinity gtk-qtengine-trinity gtk3-tqt-engine-trinity scim-qt-immodule scimchewingscim-tables-zhTDM
Menu\Session Type\TDETDMGDM
root

synaptic
TDE
Debian Linux 8 JessieKDERazor-qt
TDEQt
Qt

TDE1

TDE2

GNOME - GNOME Library


https://help.gnome.org/misc/release-notes/
GNOME 3.14
https://help.gnome.org/misc/release-notes/3.14/index.html

https://help.gnome.org/misc/release-notes/3.14/developers.html
GNOME 3 | GNOME:
http://www.gnome.org/gnome-3/

GNOME Library:
https://help.gnome.org/
GNOME 3.14
https://help.gnome.org/misc/release-notes/3.14/index.html.zh_TW
GNOME -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/GNOME
Chapter 2. What's new in Debian 8
https://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/release-notes/chwhats-new.en.html
GNOME3Myths - GNOME Wiki!
My computer and/or graphics card isn't powerful enough to run
GNOME 3
https://wiki.gnome.org/GNOME3Myths#My_computer_and.2BAC8or_graphics_card_isn.27t_powerful_enough_to_run_GNOME_3
GnomeShell/FAQ - GNOME Wiki!
What led to the decision to make 3D acceleration a requirement for
GNOME Shell?
https://wiki.gnome.org/GnomeShell/FAQ#What_led_to_the_decision
_to_make_3D_acceleration_a_requirement_for_GNOME_Shell.3F
GNOME Panel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOME_Panel
GTK -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/GTK
GTK Screenshots:
http://www.gtk.org/screenshots/index.php
Qt -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Qt

-
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
Tango -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Tango
DesktopEnvironment - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/DesktopEnvironment
Gnome - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/Gnome
Cinnamon -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Cinnamon
Cinnamon
http://cinnamon.linuxmint.com
MATE - ,
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/MATE
MATE Desktop Environment | MATE
http://mate-desktop.org
Mate - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/Mate
Xfce -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Xfce
Xfce
http://www.xfce.org
Xfce - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/Xfce

LXDE -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/LXDE
LXDE.org | Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment
http://lxde.org/zh-tw
LXDE - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/LXDE
KDE -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/KDE
KDE - Experience Freedom!
https://www.kde.org
KDE - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/KDE
Razor-qt -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Razor-qt
Razor-qt
http://razor-qt.org
K Desktop Environment 3 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K_Desktop_Environment_3#Trinity_Desk
top_Environment
Trinity Desktop Environment
https://www.trinitydesktop.org/index.php
Debian Trinity Repository Installation Instructions - Trinity Desktop
Project Wiki
https://wiki.trinitydesktop.org/DebianInstall

09.Synaptic
GNOME\\
\Synaptic
Debian Linux 8 Jessie
Linux
Debian
Synaptic
Linux

Synaptic

ln

Synaptic

LinuxMsWindows
*.exe
Debian Linux


Synaptic

Debian
*.debMsWindows*.msi
Debian

testingstableoldstable
testingstable
oldstableDebian

experimental
unstable
testing-proposed-updates > testing-updates > testing/updatestesting
testing-backportstesting
testingtestingStretch
stable-proposed-updates > stable-updates > stable/updatesstable
stable-backportsstable
stablestableJessie
oldstable-proposed-updates > oldstable-updates > oldstable/updatesoldstable
oldstable-backports oldstable
oldstableoldstableWheezy

Debiantestingstableoldstable

Synaptic

Synaptic

Synaptic\\\

Synaptic\\\
\

Synaptic\\\

Synaptic\\\

Synaptic\\\

Synaptic\\\

Synaptic\ \(software & Updates)\Debian

(main)DFSG
(contrib)DFSG(non-free)
/etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie main contrib non-free
(
"deb- src")/etc/apt/sources.list

deb-src http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie main contrib non-free


Debian\

Synaptic \ \ (software & Updates)\Other


Software
APT
"/etc/apt/sources.list"
APT

CD/DVD-ROMbackports

CD/DVD-ROMdebian8.0.0-i386-DVD-1.iso
debian-update8.X.X-i386-DVD-1.iso
Update DVDiso
Synaptic\\Synaptic
\\\Other Software\Add Volume
/etc/apt/sources.listAPT
deb cdrom:[Debian GNU/Linux 8.0.0 _Jessie_ - Official i386 DVD Binary-1 20150425-11:43]/ jessie main contrib

APTcdrom:[]
Debian/.disk/info
(software & Updates)/
APT
(software & Updates)/DebianAPT
APT
Synaptic\

HardinfoSysinfo

8.0.08.X.X
backportsAPT
/etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports main contrib non-free

DebianLinux

backportsAPT

Stable
stable
Synaptic\\\
jessie-backports
backports.debian.orgAPT

APTdebmultimediawww.deb-multimedia.org

deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org jessie main non-free


deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org jessie-backports main
"deb-multimedia-keyring"

Synaptic\\(software & Updates)\


Security updates(jessie/updates)
/etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free
(jessie-updates)
/etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main contrib non-free

Proposed updates(jessie-proposed-updates)
/etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates main contrib non-free

Synaptic\\(software & Updates)\

"keyring"
Debian
APT
W:GPG error:http://XXX:
:NO_PUBKEY XXX

*.key*.pgp
root

"/etc/apt/sources.list"
# deb cdrom:[Debian GNU/Linux 8.0.0 _Jessie_ - Official i386 DVD Binary-1 20150425- 11:43]/ jessie contrib main
# deb cdrom:[Debian GNU/Linux 8.0.0 _Jessie_ - Official i386 DVD Binary-1 20150425- 11:43]/ jessie contrib main

deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie main contrib non-free


# deb-src http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie main non-free contrib
deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free
# deb-src http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free
# jessie-updates, previously known as 'volatile'
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main contrib non-free
# deb-src http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main contrib non-free
# jessie-backports, previously on backports.debian.org
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports main contrib non-free
# deb-src http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates main contrib non-free
deb http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/apacheoo-deb/debian jessie main
# deb-src http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/apacheoo-deb/debian jessie main
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org jessie main non-free
# deb-src http://www.deb-multimedia.org jessie main non-free
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org jessie-backports main
# deb-src http://www.deb-multimedia.org jessie-backports main
deb http://deb.opera.com/opera-stable/ stable non-free
# deb-src http://deb.opera.com/opera-stable/ stable non-free

/etc/apt/sources.listoldstablestable
testingunstableexperimental

sources.liststable
testingunstable
experimentaltesting
unstableexperimental

testingDebian
Synaptic


Synaptic

apt

GNOME\\\(gpk-application)
GNOME
Synaptic

GNOME\\\
"Windows Update"GNOME
\\\\\

GNOME\\\GDebi
"gdebi"
*.deb
*.deb
32/64

GDebi

debian-testing-i386-DVD-1.iso
testing/etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ testing main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ testing-updates main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ testing-proposed-updates main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian testing-backports main contrib non-free
deb http://security.debian.org/ testing/updates main contrib non-free
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org testing main non-free
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org testing-backports main

(unstable)
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ sid main contrib non-free

(experimental)
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ experimental main contrib non-free

unstableexperimentalSynaptic
\\\\()\
unstableexperimental

GNOME
"gnome-core"
"gnome-core"
APT

GNOMEunstable
experimentalDebian

debian-7.8.0-i386-DVD-1.isooldstable
/etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-updates main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-proposed-updates main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian wheezy-backports main contrib non-free
deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main contrib non-free
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org wheezy main non-free
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org wheezy-backports main

Synaptic

GNOMELibreOffice
LibreOffice
LibreOfficeLibreOffice
LibreOffice
LibreOfficeLibreOffice

dummymeta
transitionalpackages

Synaptic

GNOMEGNOME
Debian
(oldstalbe)(testing)

Synaptic

PowerPC
Debian Synaptic
NvidiaAMD/ATI
Debian Linux
APT
APT
APT

APT

log
stable

jessiebackportsBackports - Debian Wiki


backportsmaincontribnon-free
backportsmain
backports

Synaptic

-----E: dpkg was interrupted, you must manually run 'dpkg --configure -a'
to
correct the problem.
E: _cache->open() failed, please report.
-----Synaptic
root
dpkg --configure -a
Debian Linux
CPUPowerPC199X200X
CPUDebian Linux
PowerPC
nvidiafglrx(AMD/ATI)
VirtualBoxXorg
Qemu

PowerPC Debian Linux Debian -Packages


Debian : Debian :
http://people.debian.org.tw/~moto/debian/DebianLessPain/Debian-Install-Guide-5.html

debian source.list
http://hyperrate.com/thread.php?tid=26706

gnome-packagekit Manual (gpk-application/GNOME /


)
https://help.gnome.org/users/gnome-packagekit/stable/index.html.en

Debian --
https://packages.debian.org/
http://www.debian.org/distrib/packages.zh-tw.html

Debian-package-cycle - Wikimedia Commons:


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Debian-package-cycle.png

Debian -- Debian()
http://www.debian.org/releases/index.zh-tw.html

()
http://ftp.debian.org/debian/dists/README

"Release"
Synaptic\\\Other
Software\\
http://ftp.debian.org/debian/dists/

DebianReleases - Debian Wiki


http://wiki.debian.org/DebianReleases

DebianExperimental - Debian Wiki


http://wiki.debian.org/DebianExperimental

DebianUnstable - Debian Wiki


http://wiki.debian.org/DebianUnstable

DebianTesting - Debian Wiki


http://wiki.debian.org/DebianTesting

Debian testing security team


http://secure-testing-master.debian.net/

StableUpdates - Debian Wiki


http://wiki.debian.org/StableUpdates

StableProposedUpdates - Debian Wiki


http://wiki.debian.org/StableProposedUpdates

DebianStable - Debian Wiki


http://wiki.debian.org/DebianStable

DebianReleases/PointReleases - Debian Wiki


http://wiki.debian.org/DebianReleases/PointReleases

Debian --
http://www.debian.org/security/index.zh-tw.html

Backports - Debian Wiki


http://wiki.debian.org/Backports

Debian Backports Instructions()


http://backports.debian.org/Instructions/

Index of /debian-backports/dists
http://backports.debian.org/debian-backports/dists/

DebianOldStable - Debian Wiki


http://wiki.debian.org/DebianOldStable

Glossary - Debian Wiki


http://wiki.debian.org/Glossary

Chapter 2. Debian package management


http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/ch02.en.html

Debian -- The "proposed-updates" mechanism:


http://www.debian.org/releases/proposed-updates

Index of /oldstable
http://release.debian.org/oldstable/

Debian CDs/DVDs
http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/
ftp://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/

Debian CDs/DVDs archive ( CD)


http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/archive/

Weekly build (testing CD)


http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/weekly-builds/

Debian
https://www.debian.org/mirror/list

Package management system - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Package_management_system

deb -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Deb

-
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/

SourcesList - Debian Wiki


https://wiki.debian.org/SourcesList

sources.list(5)
http://manpages.debian.net/cgi-bin/man.cgi?query=sources.list

Aptitude - Ubuntu Wiki


http://wiki.ubuntu-tw.org/index.php?title=Aptitude

aptitudeAptitude
http://manpages.debian.org/cgi-bin/man.cgi?query=aptitude
https://wiki.debian.org/Aptitude

10.root
NautilusGNOME
Nautilus\
Nautilu

alt

GNOME\\\\
\
"gksu"/usr/bin/gksu

nautilus
rootroot
Nautilusgedit
\\
\

NautilusSynaptic
"nautilus-admin" "nautilus-open-terminal" "nautilusshare"Synaptic
nautilus-admin
Extension for Nautilus to do administrative operations

nautilus-open-terminal
nautilus plugin for opening terminals in arbitrary paths

nautilus-share
Nautilus extension to share folder using Samba
nautilus-adminnautilus-open-terminalNautilus
admin
nautilus-shareNautilusSamba
NautilusDATAMsWindows
DATA
\

GNOME Commander

Double Commanderdoublecmd-gtk

/home///
/usr/share/applications/GNOME

KDE
//

Debian 8 Jessie GNOME

(GDM,GNOMEDisplayManager)root
root
root /etc/pam.d/gdmpassword/etc/pam.d/gdm-autologin
auth required pam_succeed_if.so user != root quied_success
root
GDMroot
root

Nautilus1

Nautilus2

Nautilus3

gksu1

gksu2

Double Commander

Linux -- Linux
http://linux.vbird.org/linux_basic/0210filepermission.php

Nautilus -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Nautilus

Double Commander - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double_Commander

File manager - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File_manager

,
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/

11.
GNOME\\\...(gnome-search-tool)
"gnome-search-tool"
MacOSXEasyFind.app

\\

...(gnome-search-tool)1

...(gnome-search-tool)2

...(gnome-search-tool)3

12.
GNOME\\\

GKDebconf\locales

\
1

\Wacom
/usr/share/libwacom/*.tablet*.tablet

\
UE-PA15CC(USB to Parallel)
Kyocera FS- 1000(Parallel)USB
Debian8GNOME
PDF
"cups-pdf"
PDF
\
\

\
dconf
org.gnome.desktop.interfacecursor-size

\
1

\
1

\\
"gnome-user-guide"
GNOME
\\\\Desktop Help\Hardware &
drivers\keyboard\"Keyboard navigation""Useful keyboard
shortcuts"\
"Ctrl+Alt+Delete"

("+")gnome-systemmonitorCtrl+Alt+Menu"Menu"
Windows PC 104key

Windows PC 104key
Linux
Super key

\
1

DebianJessieGNOME

""

\
GNOME

aticonfignvidia-xconfigxorg.conf
"24bit"xorg.conf
Xorg
Xorg
ATI Radeon HD 5450 PCI-EDVIHDMIVGA

ATI

\
1

\
Debian 8 GNOME

/etc/systemd/timesyncd.conf

[Time]
#Servers=0.debian.pool.ntp.org
"debian.pool.ntp.org""time.stdtime.gov.tw"

\
1

10

11

12

\
1

http://www.stdtime.gov.tw/chinese/bulletin/NTP promo.txt
http://www.stdtime.gov.tw/chinese/bulletin/NTP .txt
Modifier key - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modifier_key
Super key (keyboard button) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Super_key_(keyboard_button)
Windows -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Windows
Menu key - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menu_key

IBM PC keyboard - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_PC_keyboard
-
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
debian 8 [ - ] | Ubuntu

http://www.ubuntu-tw.org/modules/newbb/viewtopic.php?topic_id=97670

13.
GNOME\\\(gnome-tweak-tool)
GNOME3

GNOME

"gnome-colors"
\User ThemesShell

Debian Jessie + GNOME


3.14

GNOMEGDM

"fonts-moe-standard-song"MoeStandardSong.ttf
"fonts-moe-standard-kai"MoeStandardKai.ttf

eduSong_Unicode.ttf20121228

edukai-3.ttf20121228
Debian Jessie20120530
GNOME

Debian Jessie GNOME 3.14


LibreOffice

GNOME
GDM
GDM

MsWindowsGNOME

GDM

GNOME

/usr/share/gnome-shell/theme/gnomeshell.css

--/* default text style */


stage {
font-family: cantarell, sans-serif;
font-size: 11pt;
color: white;
}
--"font-family""cantarell"
MOESongUN"font-size"
14pt

--.login-dialog-not-listed-label {
font-size: 10.5pt;
font-weight: bold;
color: #666666;
padding-top: 1em;
}
--"font-size"14pt


--.login-dialog-prompt-label {
color: #eeeeee;
font-size: 14px;
padding-top: 11px;
}
--"font-size"24px
gnome-shell.cssGNOME Classic
GDM
GDM

/usr/share/gnome-shell/extensions/
window-list@gnome-shell-extensions.gcampax.github/stylesheet.css

--.window-list {
spacing: 2px;
font-size: 10pt;
}
--"font-size"14pt
stylesheet.cssGNOME Classic

GNOME
GNOMEDPI
GNOMEDPI
96DPI

"1.0"96DPI

120DPI120961.25
1.25
Full


GNOME3extensions.gnome.org
ShellShell
Shell
GNOMEShell


HiDPI

2560x1600
HiDPI"2"

2560x1600
HiDPI
HiDPI

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

GNOME Shell Extensions:


https://extensions.gnome.org/
Xorg/Gnome 3 on high DPI screens:
http://robswain.tumblr.com/post/14209540835/xorg-gnome-3-on-high-dpi-screens

High DPI Screens - The Document Foundation Wiki


https://wiki.documentfoundation.org/Development/HiDpi
HiDPI - ArchWiki
https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/HiDPI

HiDPI display support - MediaWiki


https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/HiDPI_display_support
HowDoI/HiDpi - GNOME Wiki!
https://wiki.gnome.org/HowDoI/HiDpi
[]WindowsLinux - GNOME
http://www.ubuntu-tw.org/modules/newbb/viewtopic.php?viewmode=flat&type=&topic_id=98478

14.systemadm
GNOME \\\(services-admin)

GNOME\\\systemadm
(services-admin)
"systemd-gui"(transitional package for
systemd-ui)"systemd-ui"(graphical frontend for
systemd)

15.
GNOME\\\

GNOME

16.dconf GKDebconf
GNOME\\\
WindowsMacOSX

GNOME\\\dconf
"GNOME"
GNOME

dconf
PC104Keynumlock
LEDdconf
org.gnome.settings-daemon.peripherals.keyboard

numlock-state on
remember-numlock-state true

GNOME\\\GKDebconf

()

GKDebconf

"debconf"
"GNOME"
synaptic

synaptic

"fontconfig-config"
Font tuning method for screen (system default)
(subpixel rendering)

"keyboard-configuration"

"locals"

dconf

GKDebconf1

GKDebconf2

GKDebconf3

GKDebconf4

17.RAM disk
RAM diskRAM disk
\\
\
"tmpfs""/dev/shm"
/dev/shm/(pulse-shm-XXXXXXXXXX)
RAM
disk(/dev/shm)
8GBGIMP
/dev/shm/
RAM disk/dev/shm/

/etc/default/tmpfs

Debian Jessie /etc/default/tmpfs


http://www.ubuntu-tw.org/modules/newbb/viewtopic.php?topic_id=98396
tmpfs
http://manpages.debian.org/cgi-bin/man.cgi?query=tmpfs
RAM disk -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/RAM_disk
ramdisk | T -
http://www.techbang.com/tags/8852

18.
GNOME\\\()
\\
dconforg.gnome.systemtools.users"showall""showroot"

GNOME\\\

NTPSynaptic"ntp"
root/etc/ntp.conf

server 0.debian.pool.ntp.org iburst

server time.stdtime.gov.tw
GNOME\

19.GPartedGNOME
GNOME\\\GParted(GNOME)
"gparted"GParted\\
Synaptic
GParted
GPartedroot

rootNautilus\
\\

GNOME\\\
"exfat-utils"
"exfat-fuse"Nautilus
exFAT

GParted1

GParted2

GParted3

exFAT -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/ExFAT
-
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
List of file systems - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_file_systems
Comparison of file systems - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_file_systems

20.

Debian Linux 8 Jessie GNOME

Synaptic

/usr/share/fonts/
Synaptic
Debian Linux 8 Jessie

Debian Linux 8 Jessie GNOME

/home//.local/share/fonts/

Debian Linux 8 Jessie GNOME


Synaptic
"font-manager"(font management
application for the GNOME desktop)
"Font Manager""Font
Manager"
Font Manager\Preferences\Font Directories\Select directories to
scan for fonts/home/
/.local/share/fonts/

Unicode
("""")for
OpenOffice.orgApache OpenOffice/LibreOffice
CalcODS
Unicode8.0

Debian Linux 8 Jessie GNOME


Debian Linux 8 Jessie
GNOME

99%
100%
Linux

Noto Sans CJK TC

Debian()
99.999%100%


(bug)
Windows

(bug)

OTF/TTF/FONT

"Traditional Chinese""Traditional"
;;"Traditional
Chinese"

"Traditional Chinese"

(Simplified
Chinese)

"Traditional Chinese"
"Traditional"

Debian Linux 8 Jessie GNOME


"SCIM"SCIM
ChewingSynaptic
"scim"
SCIM SCIM
"scim-modules-table"
GNOME\\\SCIM Input
Method(SCIM)\

2014CNS11643Unicode

SCIMSynaptic
gcin
HIMEIBusFcitx UimOpenVanilla

(GTKQt)
GNOME\\\
(im-config)

gcin:
"gcin"gcin

gcin-2.8.4.tar.xz Oct-08-2015 20:30:02


Debian Jessie
gcin-2.8.4 Debian Jessie
deb
gcin-2.8.4Debian Jessie
8.2(AMD64)+GNOMElinux
gcin

synapticgcin

dh-make
autotools-dev
libanthy-dev
libgtk2.0-dev
libgtk-3-dev
libqt4-dev
libxtst-dev
vorbis-tools
gcin-2.8.4.tar.xzgcin-2.8.4
gcin-2.8.4
./configure
gtk3
./gen-deb

gcin-2.8.4*.deb
gnome
GDebi
gcin-im-client
gcin-gtk3-immodule
gcin-gtk2-immodule
gcin-qt4-immodule

gcin-data
gcin-tables
gcin_2.8.3+eliu-8
--gcin-anthy
gcin-dev
GDebi
synaptic
/gcin
gcin
Debian Jessie 8.2(AMD64)+
GNOME ./configure ./gen-deb GUI

Font Manager1

Font Manager2

SCIM1

SCIM2

SCIM3

SCIM4

gcin1

gcin2

gcin3

gcin4

gcin5

Unicode("""
")for OpenOffice.org
http://www.openfoundry.org/of/projects/2267

http://www.edu.tw/pages/list.aspx?Node=3691&Index=1&wid=c5ad5187-55ef-4811-8219-e946fe04f725

CNS11643()
http://data.gov.tw/node/5961

CNS11643
http://www.cns11643.gov.tw/
2014CNS11643
Unicode
http://www.openfoundry.org/of/projects/1603
[]
http://www.edu.tw/pages/detail.aspx?Node=3683&Page=15638&WID=c5ad5187-55ef-4811-8219-e946fe04f725

Noto -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Noto
Noto Sans CJK
https://www.google.com/get/noto/help/cjk/
Source Han Sans
https://github.com/adobe-fonts/source-han-sans/releases

http://wanderer.tw/post/94440304393/
/cht//gcin
http://hyperrate.com/dir.php?eid=67
gcin deb
http://hyperrate.com/thread.php?tid=26083

21.
LibreOffice:
LibreOffice
AR PL UMing TW
AR PL
UMing TW

LibreOfficeLibreOffice\
\WriterCalc ImpressDrawBase

"Open Clip Art Library(openclipartlibreoffice)"LibreOffice\\

Writer
backportsLibreOffice
LibreOffice

LibreOffice"zh-tw"
LibreOffice Calc 4.3.3.2
1

GNOME
/usr/share/themes/Adwaita/gtk-2.0/gtkrc
"GtkRange::slider-width="
"30"LibreOffice
1

LibreOfficeDebian

LibreOffice4.4.X.X
5.X.X.X

LibreOffice4.4.7.1Debian
Jessie GNOMENautilus scripts

ls -a -R -U -X>List.txt
"LIST"\\
"LIST" /home/
/.local/share/nautilus/scripts/ Nautilus
"LIST"
LibreOffice
LibreOffice_4.4.7.1_Linux_x86-64_deb.tar.gz
LibreOffice_4.4.7.1_Linux_x86-64_deb_helppack_zh-TW.tar.gz
LibreOffice_4.4.7.1_Linux_x86-64_deb_langpack_zh-TW.tar.gz
*.deb
"LO4471DEBS"
*.debNautilus
scripts"LIST"LO4471DEBS
"LIST"LO4471DEBS
List.txt
deb

LibreOffice Calc
List.txt
priority
optionaloptional
SectionSynaptic

editors
editors

Debian

Section:LibreOffice4.4.7.1
LibreOffice4.4.7.1
override.csvCSV

override.csvcsv

override
"LO4471DEBS"

dpkg-scanpackages LO4471DEBS/ override > Packages


dpkg-scanpackages
"dpkg-dev"
"Packages"
"Packages"LO4471DEBS
"Packages"
PackagesPackages

/home/ian//
LO4471DEBS/ APT
deb file:/home/ian/ LO4471DEBS/

/etc/apt/sources.list
rootSynaptic

LibreOffice4.4.7.1 deb file:/home/ian/


LO4471DEBS/ Synaptic\\\Other software\
\APT

libreoffice4.4-zh-tw
libreoffice4.4-writer
libreoffice4.4-calc
libreoffice4.4-impress
libreoffice4.4-draw
libreoffice4.4-base
libreoffice4.4-math
libreoffice4.4-debian-menus

libobasis4.4-zh-tw-help
libobasis4.4-xsltfilter
libobasis4.4-pyuno
libobasis4.4-ooofonts
libobasis4.4-ogltrans
libobasis4.4-librelogo
libobasis4.4-graphicfilter
libobasis4.4-filter-data
libobasis4.4-extension-pdf-import
libobasis4.4-gnome-integration
GNOME\\
LibreOffice 4.4LibreOffice 4.4
/opt/libreoffice4.4/

LibreOffice5.0.3.24.4.7.1
GNOMELibreOffice 5.0
Apache OpenOffice:

4.1.2Apache OpenOffice
LibreOffice

synapticAPT
deb http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/apacheoo-deb/debian testing main

/etc/apt/sources.list
sources.list
/etc/apt/sources.list
root
apt-key adv --keyserver keys.gnupg.net --recv-keys 90127F5B
Synaptic\
"downloads.sourceforge.net"
openoffice-brand-zh-tw
openoffice-brand-base
openoffice-brand-calc

openoffice-brand-draw
openoffice-brand-impress
openoffice-brand-math
openoffice-brand-writer
openoffice-gnome-integration
openoffice-graphicfilter
openoffice-ooofonts
openoffice-ooolinguistic
openoffice-ogltrans
openoffice-pyuno
openoffice-xsltfilter
openoffice-debian-menus

GTK-Message: Failed to load module "canberra-GTK-module"


"gnome-session-canberra"

/var/cache/apt/archives/openoffice-debian-menus_4.1.2-9782_all.deb

GNOME
GNOME
Apache OpenOffice()
Apache OpenOffice
/opt/openoffice4/ program/
./sofficeApache OpenOffice
Apache OpenOffice Writer 4.1.2

gedit
GNOMEgedit

medit:
"medit"
medit

Editra:
"editra"Editra

"nano"
nano
PE2
nano"nano"

LibreOffice1

LibreOffice2

Apache OpenOffice1

Apache OpenOffice2

Projects/GnomeOffice - GNOME Wiki!


https://wiki.gnome.org/Projects/GnomeOffice
Re: Maximum number of sheet, cell, and column
https://mail.gnome.org/archives/gnumeric-list/2011-December/msg00012.html

What's the maximum number of rows and cells for a spreadsheet


file?
https://wiki.openoffice.org/wiki/Documentation/FAQ/Calc/Miscellaneous/What's_the_maximum_number_of_rows_and_cells_for_a_spreadsheet_file%3F

List of spreadsheet software


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_spreadsheet_software#Specifications

(Republic Of China Taiwan


Traditional Chinese Punctuation Toolbar)
http://extensions.openoffice.org/en/node/5713
for OpenOffice.org
http://www.openfoundry.org/of/projects/2223
nano() -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Nano
LibreOffice LibreOffice
http://zh-tw.libreoffice.org/download/
| LibreOffice -
http://zh-tw.libreoffice.org/get-help/system-requirements/
Unofficial Apache OO Debian repository
http://sourceforge.net/projects/apacheoo-deb/files/debian/
Ubuntu-GNOME 14.04.1
http://www.ubuntu-tw.org/modules/newbb/viewtopic.php?post_id=327560

Index of /libreoffice/old
https://downloadarchive.documentfoundation.org/libreoffice/old/
LibreOffice

22.
GNOME\\\(gucharmap)
MsWindowsMacOSX(
)Debian Jessie GNOME(gucharmap)
Unicode7.0
Debian

(gucharmap)1

(gucharmap)2

(gucharmap)3

23.

192.168.0.0~192.168.0.255 Debian Jessie GNOME


gvfs(-backends)
Nautilus
Server Message Block(SMB)
Common Internet File System(CIFS)
Apple Filing Protocol(AFP)
Secret File Transfer Protocol(SFTP,SSH File Transfer Protocol)
Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning(WebDAV)
Nautilus

SMB/CIFSAFPSFTP
Nautilus
Nautilus\\\Browse
files on a server or network share

Debian Jessie GNOMEclientNautilus

server
server

ServerNautilus////
\\

ClientDebian Jessie GNOME/Nautilus//


/

Unix(NFS)
Unix(NFS)Server(shares-admin)
\\
GNOME\\\
\\Unix
(NFS)

"Webmin"
Linux
"Webmin"
Linux
"nfs-kernel-server""Webmin""Webmin"
NFS Server"NFS Exports"
Webmin
WebminNFS/etc/exports
Unix(NFS)Client
/Debian Jessie GNOME Nautilus

Webmin1

Webmin2

Webmin3

Windows(SMB)
(shares-admin)\
\"samba"
GNOME\\\
\\Windows(SMB)
MsWindows
Windows(SMB)MsWindowsMacOSX

"gadmin-samba"samba
/etc/samba/smb.conf
Debian
geditsmb.confgadmin-samba
smb.confNautilus\

gadmin

Windows(SMB)1

Windows(SMB)2

Windows(SMB)3

Windows(SMB)4

gadmin-samba

GShare:
"GShare"(Easy user-level file
sharing for GNOME)FTP Server
GNOME\\\File Sharing(gsharemanager)File sharing preferences
GShare//
Shared Files/Debian Jessie GNOME
Nautilus\'s Shared Files
LinuxClientShared Files
File sharing preferencesShare name

":"
GShare

Nautilus1

Nautilus2

MsWindowsNTFSFAT32
SMB/CIFSMacOSXFinderHFS+AFP
DebianLinuxJessieGNOMENautilusExt4NFS

Linux
MsWindowsMacOSX

":"
Linux
SMB/CIFSAFPWindows
MacOSXFinder


-
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
Finder -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Finder
NTFS -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/NTFS
HFS+ -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/HFS+
Ext4 -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Ext4
-
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
Apple Filing Protocol - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Filing_Protocol
SSH -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/SSH
-
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
WebDAV -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/WebDAV
Welcome to the GAdmintools Project
http://dalalven.dtdns.net/linux/gadmintools-webpage/

NetworkManager - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NetworkManager
NFSv4Howto - Community Ubuntu Documentation
https://help.ubuntu.com/community/NFSv4Howto
SettingUpNFSHowTo - Community Ubuntu Documentation
https://help.ubuntu.com/community/SettingUpNFSHowTo

24.
VNC Server:
\\
linux-like
Debian Jessie GNOME
VNC Client(or Viewer)
linux-likeVNC Client

dconf
org.gnome.desktop.remote-access
MacOSX10.6VNC
ClientDebian Jessie GNOMEFinder
\\DebianJessie GNOME

MacOSX

MacOSX10.10

""VNC Client

VNC Client (or Viewer) and RDP Client:


GNOME\\\(Vinagre)
linux-like
VNC Server
SSHSPICEVNCRDP

dconf org.gnome.vinagre
GNOME\\\Remmina Remote Desktop
Client"remmina"RDPVNCNXSSH
SFTP"remmina-plugin-gnome"

Remmina Remote Desktop Client

VNC
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/VNC
Projects/Vino - GNOME Wiki!
https://wiki.gnome.org/Projects/Vino
VNCviewer - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/VNCviewer
VNC - Community Help Wiki
https://help.ubuntu.com/community/VNC
https://help.ubuntu.com/community/VNC/Servers
https://help.ubuntu.com/community/VNC/Clients

25.
Iceweasel:
Debian Jessie GNOMEIceweasel
Firefox
Debian Mozilla team:
Iceweasel(Firefox)APT

Synaptic"pkgmozilla-archive-keyring"

Chromium
"chromium"Google
"chromium-l10n""chromiuminspector"

Opera:
OperaAPTdeb.opera.com
APT
deb http://deb.opera.com/opera-stable/ stable non-free
\
http://deb.opera.com/archive.key
root
SynapticOpera

Adobe Flash Player - browser plugin:


"flashplugin-nonfree""flashplugin-nonfree-extrasound
i386"
Adobe


The Opera .deb Repository
Manual setup Opera APT repository setup instructions
http://deb.opera.com/manual.html
Debian Mozilla team APT archive
http://mozilla.debian.net/
Chromium - Debian Wiki
https://wiki.debian.org/Chromium

26.FTP
GNOME\\\FileZillaFTP Client
DebianFileZilla

FileZilla

27.

"gnome-paint"(Gnome )BMP

2D
"pinta"(Pinta)BMP

"mtpaint"(mtPaint graphic editor)BMP

"MyPaint""mypaintdata-extras"

2D
"GIMP"(GNU)Synaptic
GIMP

2D
"Inkscape"Synaptic
Inkscape

"Synfig Studio"2D"synfigstudio"
render


(Eye of GNOME)
GNOME\\\Synaptic
eog
ANIBMPGIFICOJPEG/JPGPCXPNGPNMRAS
SVGTGATIFFWB MPXBMXPM

gThumb
"gthumb"JPEGPNGTIFGIFRAW

Shotwell Photo Manager


"shotwell"JPEGPNGTIFFBMPRAW

-
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/
Comparison of graphics file formats - Wikipedia, the free
encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_image_file_formats
Synfig -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Synfig
Synfig Studio :: Home:
http://www.synfig.org/cms/

28.
GNOME\\\Debian Jessie
GNOME

"Shutter"

Shutter

29.
(totem)
GNOME

VLC media player:

root
/usr/bin/vlc"geteuid"
"getppid"

GNOME Mplayer:
"mplayer"
"gnome-mplayer"mplayer

(goobox)
CD

Rhythmbox:

Synaptic"vdpau""vaapi"

GPUCPU
VLC media playergnome-mplayer

VLC\\\/

gnome-mplayer\\\
"Enable Video Hardware Support"

"Enable CrystalHD Hardware Support"

aacskeys(Decrypt all required keys from an AACS protected HDDVD/Blu-Ray) libbluray-bdj(Blu-ray Disc Java support library (BDJ library)) libdvdcss2(Simple foundation for reading DVDs runtime libraries)
VLCGNOME MPlayer
/BDMV/STREAM/
"STREAM"VLCGNOME MPlayer
"STREAM"

/
"deb-multimedia.org repository"

DebianAPT
Synaptic
"deb-multimedia-keyring"

VLCroot@ :: PIXNET:::
http://sean70653.pixnet.net/blog/post/30294668--vlc--root-

gnome-mplayer - Gnome MPlayer is a GTK2/GTK3 interface for


MPlayer. - Google Project Hosting
http://code.google.com/p/gnome-mplayer/
VDPAU -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/VDPAU

Video Acceleration API - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VAAPI
ATI Avivo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ATI_Avivo
X video extension - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X_video_extension
Crystal HD Video Decoder Drivers | Broadcom
http://zh-tw.broadcom.com/support/crystal_hd/
VideoLAN - libbluray
http://www.videolan.org/developers/libbluray.html
VideoLAN - libaacs
http://www.videolan.org/developers/libaacs.html
VideoLAN - developers libdvdcss
http://www.videolan.org/developers/libdvdcss.html
libdvdcss - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libdvdcss
Deb Multimedia Packages::Home
http://www.deb-multimedia.org/
Rhythmbox -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Rhythmbox
Apps/Rhythmbox - GNOME Wiki!
https://wiki.gnome.org/Apps/Rhythmbox

30.CDDVDDebian Install
CDUSB
CD/DVD
GNOME\\\"Brasero"
BDDebian"Brasero"
CD/DVD/BD

GNOME\\\

*.img*.iso
USB
MsWindowsMacOSX
FAT32USBDebian
Jessie GNOMEUSB
nautilus
FAT32
USB

USBFAT32

Debian Install CDUSB


USB
GNOME\\\
ISO
ISOUSB
USB


Brasero1

Brasero2

4.3.1. Preparing a USB stick using a hybrid CD or DVD image


https://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch04s03.html.en
GNOME Disks - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOME_Disks

31.x86-64x86
x86-64
x86x86-64
x86
root
dpkg --print-architecture
CPU
dpkg --print-foreign-architectures
CPUAMD64
i386
dpkg --add-architecture i386
/var/lib/dpkg/arch
GNOME\\\Root Terminal

/etc/apt/sources.list
deb [arch=amd64,i386] http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie main contrib non-free
deb [arch=amd64,i386] http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free
deb [arch=amd64,i386] http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main contrib non-free
deb [arch=amd64,i386] http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports main contrib non-free
deb [arch=amd64,i386] http://ftp.tw.debian.org/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates main contrib non-free
deb [arch=amd64,i386] http://www.deb-multimedia.org jessie main non-free
deb [arch=amd64,i386] http://www.deb-multimedia.org jessie-backports main

APT

APT
Debiani386amd64
i386amd64
Synaptic
Synaptic
"arch:i386"

Multiarch/HOWTO - Debian Wiki


https://wiki.debian.org/Multiarch/HOWTO

dpkg -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Dpkg
Debian
http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/

32.
GNOME\\\(file-roller)
GNOME\\\Xarchiver(xarchiver)
(Archive Manager for GNOME, file-roller)
Xarchiver
"unrar""p7ziprar"RAR

file-roller

Xarchiver


File Roller
http://fileroller.sourceforge.net/features.html
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/File_Roller
Xarchiver
http://xarchiver.sourceforge.net/index.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xarchiver

33.
GNOME\\\Sysinfo
GNOME\\\System Profiler andBenchmark(hardinfo)
GNOME\\\Hardware Lister(lshw-GTK)

sysinfohardinfolshw-GTK

USBLinux
USB

"lsusb"USB

Sysinfo

hardinfo

Hardware Lister

34.VirtualBox
CPU
8GB
VirtualBox

Debian
virtualboxvirtualbox-guest-additions-isoDebian
VirtualBoxAPT

deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian jessie contrib

VBoxGuestAdditions.iso
VirtualBoxGNOME\\
\\\\\
VirtualBox
VirtualBox(U)EFI
VirtualBox\\\\EFI()
"PIIX3"
Debian x86/64 ISO


VirtualBox

Linux_Downloads Oracle VM VirtualBox


https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads
https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Linux_Downloads
Index of /virtualbox/
http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/
VirtualBox -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/VirtualBox

35.Cairo-Dock
MacOSXDockMsWindowsSidebar
cairo-dockcairo-dock-gnome-integration-plug-in
GNOME Classic

GNOMEGNOME

GNOME ClassicCairo-Dock
dconforg.gnome.metacity
compositing-managerGNOME
\\Cairo-Dock
Cairo-DockCairo-Dock(Fallback Mode)
Cairo-DockOpenGL

OpenGLCairo-Dock
Cairo-Dock
Cairo-Dock(Fallback Mode)
Dock
Cairo-Dock\\

dock,/usr/share/
applications/dock
dock()

Cairo-Dock\\\
Cairo-DockGDM"Cairo-Dock
(GNOME)"
"Cairo-Dock(GNOME)"

\"Cairo-Dock"

Cairo-Dock

Cairo-Dock

Cairo-Dock1

Cairo-Dock2

Cairo-Dock3

Cairo-Dock4

Dock -
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Dock
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dock_(computing)
List of dock applications - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_dock_applications
Glx-Dock / Cairo-Dock - Composite Manager
http://glx-dock.org/ww_page.php?p=Composite%20Manager&lang=en

Glx-Dock / Cairo-Dock - Accueil


http://www.glx-dock.org/ww_page.php?p=Accueil&lang=en

36.manual pages
Linux
man

Debian
"manpages-zh"

manual pagemanual page

Debian"manpages-zh"
manual page
"gman"
manual page
GNOME
/usr/bin/gmangmanmanual
page


manual pages 1

manual pages 2

gman1

gman2

gman3

gman4


Man page - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Man_page

37.Java Runtime Environment(JRE)

JavaDebian Linuxdeb
linuxDebian Linux
"Java Runtime Environment(JRE)"
JavaJava
Java Runtime Environment(JRE)
Debian Linux Jessie"openjdk7-jre"Java Runtime Environment(JRE)
OpenJDK 7JavaOpenJDK
Debian"gcj-jre"Java Runtime
Environment(JRE)
OpenJDK 7
Java
GNOME
GNOMEunicode
UTF-8Java Runtime Environment(JRE)unicode
UTF-16 Java
GNOME

JavaJava
JavaJava Runtime Environment(JRE)
MacOSXMsWindows
Java Runtime Environment(JRE)Java

Java - Debian Wiki


https://wiki.debian.org/Java

Java
http://www.java.com/zh_TW/about/
Java -
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/Java

38.
GNOME\\\(Evince document
viewer)
Comic Book Archive(.cbr and .cbz)
Device Independent file format(.dvi)
DjVu(.djvu, .djv)
OpenOffice Presentation(.odp)
Portable Document Format(.pdf)
PostScript(.ps)
Scalable Vector Graphics(.svg)
Tagged Image File Format(.tiff, .tif)
Other Image Files(.gif, .jpeg, .png)
GNOME\\\Adobe Reader
Adobe Reader
ftp://ftp.adobe.com/pub/adobe/reader/unix/
"AdbeRdr9.5.5-1_i386linux_enu.deb"
Adobei386AMD64
AMD64i386
Adobe
Readeri386debmultimediaacroread9.5.5-dmo2


Evince document viewer

Adobe Reader

39.

Debian Linux JessieGNOME


MsWindowsMacOSX

Linux
Linux
Linux

Linux
Linux

Debian Linux Jessie


3D
Debian Linux
Debian Linux Jessie
GNOME
Debian Linux