You are on page 1of 14

To download more slides, ebook, solutions and test bank, visit http://downloadslide.blogspot.

com

COMPREHENSIVE EXAMINATION B
PART 2
(Chapters 79)
Problem B-I Multiple Choice Cash and Receivables.
Choose the best answer for each of the following questions and enter the identifying
letter in the space provided.
____ 1.

When should the loss on an uncollectible account receivable be recorded as


an expense for accrual accounting purposes?
a. When it is determined that an account cannot be collected.
b. In the same period in which the sale on account occurs.
c. When the balance is past due for more than 3 months.
d. When a lawyer indicates that collection efforts would cost more than the
account is worth.

____ 2.

How should unearned discounts, finance charges, and interest included in the
face amount of installment accounts receivable be presented in the balance
sheet?
a. As a current liability.
b. As a deduction from the related installment accounts receivable.
c. Within the net amount of installment accounts receivable.
d. As an addition to the related installment accounts receivable.

____ 3.

Durler Company's account balances at December 31 for Accounts


Receivable and the related Allowance for Doubtful Accounts are $800,000
and $13,000, respectively. From an analysis of accounts receivable, it is
estimated that $28,000 of the December 31 receivables will be uncollectible.
After adjustment for the above facts, the net realizable value of accounts
receivable would be
a. $800,000.
b. $787,000.
c. $759,000.
d. $772,000.

____ 4.

Which group of items listed below should be included in the cash account?
a. Silver coins, postage stamps, demand deposits, personal checks.
b. Promissory notes, demand deposits, money orders, silver coins.
c. Money orders, postdated checks, personal checks, time deposits.
d. Silver coins, money orders, demand deposits, personal checks.

____ 5.

Which of the following methods of accounting for uncollectible accounts does


not properly match costs with revenues?
a. Percentage of sales
b. Percentage of receivables
c. Direct write-off
d. Aging schedule

To download more slides, ebook, solutions and test bank, visit http://downloadslide.blogspot.com

Comprehensive Exam B

B-2

____ 6.

Certain information relative to the 2012 operations of Ball Co. follows:


Accounts receivable, January 1, 2012
Accounts receivable collected during 2012
Cash sales during 2012
Inventory, January 1, 2012
Inventory, December 31, 2012
Purchases of inventory during 2012
Gross profit on sales

$48,000
92,000
24,000
36,000
33,000
80,000
27,000

What is Ball's accounts receivable balance at December 31, 2012?


a. $36,000.
b. $42,000.
c. $48,000.
d. $66,000.
Problem B-II Lower of Cost or Market
Presented below is data relative to the 12/31/12 inventory of Lance Company:
Item
A
B
C
D
E
Total

Item

Number Units
In Inventory
5,000
5,000
5,000
5,000
5,000
25,000

Upper
Limit
("Ceiling")

Original Cost
Per Unit
$1.09
1.30
1.50
1.60
1.80

Lower
Limit
("Floor")

Total
Original Cost
$5,450
6,500
7,500
8,000
9,000
$36,450

Designated
Market

Current
Replacement Cost
$1.08
1.15
1.05
1.65
1.70

Appropriate
Inventory
Valuation
(Totals)

A
B
C
D
E
Total
Additional Data:
Selling price is $2.00/unit for all items. Disposal costs amount to 10% of selling price and
a "normal" profit is 35% of selling price.
Instructions
Complete the last four columns above.

To download more slides, ebook, solutions and test bank, visit http://downloadslide.blogspot.com

Comprehensive Exam B

B-3

Problem B-III Notes Receivable.


On December 31, 2011 Berry Corporation sold some of its product to Flynn Company,
accepting a 3%, four-year promissory note having a maturity value of $500,000 (interest
payable annually on December 31). Berry Corporation pays 6% for its borrowed funds.
Flynn Company, however, pays 8% for its borrowed funds. The product sold is carried
on the books of Berry at a manufactured cost of $310,000. Assume Berry uses a
perpetual inventory system.
Instructions
(a) Prepare the journal entries to record the transaction on the books of Berry
Corporation at December 31, 2011. (Assume that the effective interest method is
used. Use the interest tables below and round to the nearest dollar.)
(b) Make all appropriate entries for 2012 on the books of Berry Corporation.
(c) Make all appropriate entries for 2013 on the books of Berry Corporation.

For Use on Problem B-III


Table 1
Future Value of 1
Periods
1
2
3
4
5

2%
1.02000
1.04040
1.06121
1.08243
1.10408

3%
1.03000
1.06090
1.09273
1.12551
1.15927

4%
1.04000
1.08160
1.12486
1.16986
1.21665

6%
1.06000
1.12360
1.19102
1.26248
1.33823

8%
1.08000
1.16640
1.25971
1.36049
1.46933

6%
0.94340
0.89000
0.83962
0.79209
0.74726

8%
0.92593
0.85734
0.79383
0.73503
0.68058

Table 2
Present Value of 1
Periods
1
2
3
4
5

2%
0.98039
0.96117
0.94232
0.92385
0.90573

3%
0.97087
0.94260
0.91514
0.88849
0.86261

4%
0.96154
0.92456
0.88900
0.85480
0.82193

Table 3
Future Value of Ordinary Annuity of 1
Periodic Rents
1
2
3
4
5

2%
1.00000
2.02000
3.06040
4.12161
5.20404

3%
1.00000
2.03000
3.09090
4.18363
5.30914

4%
1.00000
2.04000
3.12160
4.24646
5.41632

6%
1.00000
2.06000
3.18360
4.37462
5.63709

8%
1.00000
2.08000
3.24640
4.50611
5.86660

To download more slides, ebook, solutions and test bank, visit http://downloadslide.blogspot.com

Comprehensive Exam B

B-4

Table 4
Present Value of Ordinary Annuity of 1
Periodic Rents
1
2
3
4
5

2%
0.98039
1.94156
2.88388
3.80773
4.71346

3%
0.97087
1.91347
2.82861
3.71710
4.57971

4%
0.96154
1.88609
2.77509
3.62990
4.45182

6%
0.94340
1.83339
2.67301
3.46511
4.21236

8%
0.92593
1.78326
2.57710
3.31213
3.99271

To download more slides, ebook, solutions and test bank, visit http://downloadslide.blogspot.com

Comprehensive Exam B

B-5

Problem B-IV FIFO vs. LIFO.


In comparing and contrasting FIFO vs. LIFO inventory procedures, the following listing
was developed. You are to complete the tabulation with an answer of "YES" or "NO" as
demonstrated by the first item. Any combination of yes-no answers is possible in each
situation.
FIFO
0. Usually matches the actual physical flow of goods.

Yes

LIFO
No _

1. Emphasizes the income statement in that it matches the more


recent costs with revenue.

_____

_____

2. Defers tax payments in times of rising prices.

_____

_____

3. Possibility of liquidating the base may be a significant negative


aspect.

_____

_____

4. Will probably not be adopted if prices are expected to decline.

_____

_____

5. Emphasizes the balance sheet in that the more recent costs


are contained in the inventory account.

_____

_____

6. Can use price indexes to cost layers.

_____

_____

7. Switching to this method could cause problems in the equity


markets, with loan covenants, etc.

_____

_____

8. Income figure more accurately reflects cash available for


dividends, investments, etc.

_____

_____

9. Tends to smooth income in periods of fluctuating prices.

_____

_____

10. Income figure is more "real" in that it doesn't contain "paper


profits."

_____

_____

11. A change to this method must be justified (i.e., to the auditor)


other than solely on the basis of the tax effect.

_____

_____

To download more slides, ebook, solutions and test bank, visit http://downloadslide.blogspot.com

B-6

Comprehensive Exam B

12. Perpetual inventory results may be different from periodic


inventory results.

_____

_____

13. Is acceptable to the IRS (i.e., for income tax purposes).

_____

_____

14. Gives lower profits when prices rise.

_____

_____

15. In a period of rising prices has an adverse effect on assets,


working capital, and stockholders' equity.

_____

_____

16. Quick inventory turnover may have somewhat of a mitigating


effect on some of the method's claimed disadvantages.

_____

_____

17. Improves cash flow in periods of rising prices.

_____

_____

18. If used for tax purposes, it must be used for financial reporting
purposes.

_____

_____

19. Somewhat opens door for profit manipulation and may cause
poor purchase decisions.

_____

_____

20. Is a current value, rather than a historical cost, valuation method.

_____

_____

Problem B-V Year-end Inventory Cutoff.


Abel Company's business year ends on December 31. Listed below are purchase
transactions which occurred during the last few days of 2012 or during the first few days
of 2013. The inventory, determined by physical count, was taken after the close of
business on December 31, 2012. The only adjusting entry recorded to date has been to
enter the December 31 physical inventory on the books and to remove the beginning
inventory.
Instructions
(a) On the accompanying chart, indicate the effect of each of these transactions on the
ending inventory and on reported net income for 2012, by writing the words
overstated, understated, or no effect in the appropriate column. Both columns must
be answered for each transaction.
(b) Prepare all necessary correcting entries for 2012.
(c) Indicate which of the correcting entries must be reversed in 2011 by preparing the
necessary reversing entries.

To download more slides, ebook, solutions and test bank, visit http://downloadslide.blogspot.com

Comprehensive Exam B

B-7

12/31/12
Physical
Inventory

2012
Income

1. An invoice for $9,000, terms f.o.b. shipping point, was received


and entered December 30. The invoice shows that the
merchandise was shipped December 29, and the receiving
report indicates the merchandise was received January 2.

______

_______

2. An invoice for $300, terms f.o.b. shipping point, was received


and entered December 30. The invoice shows that
merchandise was shipped December 29, and the receiving
report shows the merchandise was received December 31.

______

_______

3. An invoice for $4,000, terms f.o.b. shipping point, was


received and entered January 2. The invoice shows the
merchandise was shipped December 30, and the receiving
report indicates the merchandise was received December 31.

______

_______

4. An invoice for $800, terms f.o.b. destination, was received and


entered December 30. The receiving report shows the
merchandise was received January 2.

______

_______

5. An invoice for $500, terms f.o.b. destination, was received and


entered December 29. The receiving report indicates that the
merchandise was received December 31.

______

_______

6. An invoice for $1,500, terms f.o.b. destination, was received


and entered January 2. The receiving report indicates the
merchandise was received December 31.

______

_______

7. Merchandise costing $12,000 and with a selling price of


$18,000 was on consignment to Maris Distributing Company
and was on that company's premises on December 31. No
entry has been made for the consignment.

______

_______

To download more slides, ebook, solutions and test bank, visit http://downloadslide.blogspot.com

B-8

Comprehensive Exam B

Problem B-VI Conventional and LIFO Retail Method.*


*Note to Instructor. Part B is based on Appendix 9-A.
A. Landmark Book Store uses the conventional retail method.
Instructions
Given the following data, prepare a neat, labeled schedule showing the computation of
the cost of inventory on hand at 12/31/12.

Inventory 1/1/12
Purchases
Purchases Returns
Purchase Discounts
Sales (Gross)
Sales Returns
Employee Discounts
Freight-in
Freight-out
Loss from Breakage
Markups
Markup Cancellations
Markdowns
Markdown Cancellations

Cost
$ 28,900
366,600
9,000
7,000

Retail
$ 40,000
610,000
20,000
615,000
15,000
5,000

23,500
50,000
2,500
38,000
18,000
13,500
8,500

B. Landmark Book Store has decided to switch to the LIFO retail method for the period
beginning 1/1/13.
Instructions
Prepare a schedule showing the computation of the 12/31/13 inventory under the LIFO
retail method adjusted for price level changes (i.e., dollar-value LIFO Retail.) Without
prejudice to your answer in requirement A above, assume that the 12/31/12 inventory
computed under the LIFO Retail method was $40,000 and $27,500 at retail and cost,
respectively, for purposes of this requirement. Data for 2013 follows:
Cost
Retail
Purchases (net)
$360,000
$485,000
Sales (net)
402,000
Markups (net)
30,000
Markdowns (net)
15,000
2012 Price Index
100
2013 Price Index
120

To download more slides, ebook, solutions and test bank, visit http://downloadslide.blogspot.com

Comprehensive Exam B

B-9

Problem B-VII Multiple Choice Inventory


For each of the following questions, select the letter of the statement which best answers
the question and write it on the line to the left of the question.
____ 1.

Wade Company estimates the cost of its physical inventory at March 31 for
use in an interim financial statement. The rate of markup on cost is 25%. The
following account balances are available:
Inventory, March 1
Purchases during March
Purchase returns
Sales during March

$1,000,000
500,000
26,000
850,000

The estimate of the cost of inventory at March 31 would be


a. $624,000.
b. $680,000.
c. $794,000.
d. $836,500.
____ 2.

Most methods of pricing inventories are in accord with generally accepted


accounting principles and generally are permissible for income tax purposes.
The method that must be used for financial reporting purposes if used for tax
purposes is
a. moving average.
b. weighted average.
c. LIFO.
d. FIFO.

____ 3.

A company has been using the FIFO cost method of inventory valuation since
it was started 10 years ago. Its 2012 ending inventory was $120,000, but it
would have been $90,000 if LIFO had been used. Thus, if LIFO had been
used, this company's income before taxes would have been
a. $30,000 less in 2012.
b. $30,000 less over the 10-year period.
c. $30,000 greater over the 10-year period.
d. $30,000 greater in 2012.

____ 4.

Why are inventories included in the computation of net income?


a. To determine cost of goods sold.
b. To determine sales revenue.
c. To determine merchandise returns.
d. Inventories are not included in the computation of net income.

____ 5.

On December 31, 2012, Hill Company, which sells only one product, adopted
the periodic last-in, first-out method of inventory valuation. The inventory was
valued at $40,000 on the December 31, 2012 balance sheet. The number of
items in its inventory remained constant during 2013. The December 31,
2013 inventory valuation would be
a. less than $40,000 if prices were steadily decreasing.
b. less than $40,000 if prices were steadily increasing.
c. greater than $40,000 if prices were steadily increasing.
d. $40,000 regardless of any price changes.

To download more slides, ebook, solutions and test bank, visit http://downloadslide.blogspot.com

Comprehensive Exam B

B-10
____ *6.

Kramer Company values its inventory by using the retail method (LIFO basis,
stable prices). The following information is available for the year 2012.
Beginning inventory
Purchases
Freight-in
Markups (net)
Markdowns (net)
Sales

Cost
$ 78,000
368,000
16,000

Retail
$140,000
628,000
18,000
6,000
610,000

At what amount would Kramer Company report its ending inventory?


a. $95,700.
b. $96,000.
c. $100,300.
d. $102,000.

To download more slides, ebook, solutions and test bank, visit http://downloadslide.blogspot.com

Comprehensive Exam B

B-11

Solutions Comprehensive Examination B


Problem B-I Solution.
1. b
2. c
3. d

4. d
5. c
6. b

Solutions to computational Multiple Choice Questions.


3. $800,000 $28,000 = $772,000.
6. $80,000 + $3,000 + $27,000 $24,000 + $48,000 $92,000 = $42,000.

Problem B-II Solution.

Item
A
B
C
D
E

Upper
Limit
("Ceiling")
$1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80

Lower
Limit
("Floor")
$1.10
1.10
1.10
1.10
1.10

Designated
Market
$1.10
1.15
1.10
1.65
1.70

Appropriate
Inventory
Valuation
(Totals)
$5,450
5,750
5,500
8,000
8,500
$33,200

Problem B-III Solution.


(a)

12/31/11
Notes Receivable .........................................................................
Discount on Notes Receivable .........................................
Sales Revenve ..................................................................

500,000
82,803
417,197

Computation of Present Value of Note: (using 8%)


$500,000 .73503 =
$367,515
15,000 3.31213 =
49,682
Present value of note
417,197
Face value of note
500,000
Amount of discount
$ 82,803
12/31/11
Cost of Goods Sold ......................................................................
Inventory ...........................................................................

310,000
310,000

To download more slides, ebook, solutions and test bank, visit http://downloadslide.blogspot.com

Comprehensive Exam B

B-12

(b)

12/31/12
Cash ............................................................................................
Interest Revenue ..............................................................
Discount on Notes Receivable .....................................................
Interest Revenue ..............................................................
($417,197 .08 = $33,376 $15,000)

(c)

12/31/13
Cash ............................................................................................
Interest Revenue ..............................................................
Discount on Notes Receivable .....................................................
Interest Revenue ..............................................................
[($417,197 + $18,376) .08 = $34,846 $15,000]

15,000
15,000
18,376
18,376

15,000
15,000
19,846
19,846

Problem B-IV Solution.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

No-Yes
No-Yes
No-Yes
No-Yes
Yes-No
No-Yes

7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

No-Yes
No-Yes
No-Yes
No-Yes
Yes-Yes
No-Yes

13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.

Yes-Yes
No-Yes
No-Yes
Yes-No
No-Yes
No-Yes

19.
20.

No-Yes
No-No

Problem B-V Solution.


(a)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Understated/Understated
No effect/No effect
No effect/Overstated
No effect/Understated
No effect/No effect
No effect/Overstated
Understated/Understated

(b)

1. Inventory .................................................................................
Cost of Goods Sold ....................................................
2. None

9,000

3. Purchases ..............................................................................
Accounts Payable .......................................................

4,000

4. Accounts Payable ...................................................................


Purchases . ..................................................................

800

5. None

9,000

4,000

800

To download more slides, ebook, solutions and test bank, visit http://downloadslide.blogspot.com

Comprehensive Exam B

(c)

6. Purchases ..............................................................................
Accounts Payable .......................................................

1,500

7. Inventory .................................................................................
Cost of Goods Sold ....................................................

12,000

3. Accounts Payable ...................................................................


Purchases ...................................................................

4,000

4. Purchases ..............................................................................
Accounts Payable .......................................................

800

6. Accounts Payable ...................................................................


Purchases ...................................................................

1,500

B-13

1,500

12,000

4,000

800

1,500

Problem B-VI Solution.


A. Beginning Inventory
Purchases
Purchase Returns
Purchase Discounts
Freight-In
Markups
Markup Cancellations
Goods Available
Cost Ratio = 62%
Sales
Sales Returns
Employee Discounts
Goods Broken
Markdowns
Markdown Cancellations
Ending Inventory @ Retail
Est. Ending Inventory @ Cost (62% $37,500)

Cost
$ 28,900
366,600
(9,000)
(7,000)
23,500

$403,000
$615,000
(15,000)

Retail
$ 40,000
610,000
(20,000)

38,000
(18,000)
650,000

(600,000)
(5,000)
(2,500)

13,500
(8,500)

(5,000)
$ 37,500
$ 23,250

To download more slides, ebook, solutions and test bank, visit http://downloadslide.blogspot.com

Comprehensive Exam B

B-14

*B.
Inventory, December 31, 2012
Net purchases
Net markups
Net markdowns
Total (excluding beginning inventory)
Total (including beginning inventory)
Net sales
Inventory, December 31, 2013, at retail
Cost to retail percentage ($360,000 $500,000)
12/31/13 inventory at base ($138,000 1.20)
12/31/12 inventory at base
Increase at base
Increase at current prices, at cost ($75,000 1.20 .72)
12/31/13 inventory at LIFO cost

Cost
$ 27,500
360,000

360,000
$387,500

72%
$ 27,500
64,800
$ 92,300

Problem B-VII Solution.


1. c
2. c
3. b

4.
5.
*6.

a
d
b

Solutions to computational Multiple Choice Questions.


1.
6.

Retail__
$ 40,000
485,000
30,000
(15,000)
500,000
540,000
(402,000)
$ 138,000

$1,474,000 (80% $850,000) = $794,000.


$384,000 $640,000 = 60%. $78,000 + (60% $30,000) = $96,000.

$ 115,000
(40,000)
$ 75,000