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The Periodic Table

June 2002

Air is a mixture of gases.


79% nitrogen

20% oxygen

1% other gases

Which substance is present in the other gases and is also unreactive?

argon

carbon dioxide

hydrogen

water vapour

The proton numbers of four elements are shown.


Which element is a metal?

element

proton number

34

35

36

37

November 2002

Which statement about the electrical conductivity of non-metals and the charge on their ions is
correct?
electrical
conductivity

charge on
ions

good

positive

good

negative

poor

positive

poor

negative

A few drops of aqueous bromine are added to separate aqueous solutions of potassium chloride,
potassium bromide and potassium iodide.
Which solutions do not remove the colour of the bromine?
A

KBr and KCl only

KBr and KI only

KCl and KI only

KBr, KCl and KI

June 2003

Magnesium, on the left of Period Two of the Periodic Table, is more metallic than chlorine on the
right of this Period.
Why is this?
Magnesium has
A

fewer electrons.

fewer protons.

fewer full shells of electrons.

fewer outermost electrons.

An inert gas X is used to fill weather balloons.


Which descriptions of X are correct?

number of outer
electrons in atoms of X

structure of gas X

single atoms

diatomic molecules

single atoms

diatomic molecules

A student is asked to complete two sentences.


Metallic and non-metallic elements are classified in the (i) This can be used to (ii) the
properties of elements.
Which words correctly complete the gaps?
gap (i)

gap (ii)

Periodic Table

measure

Periodic Table

predict

reactivity series

measure

reactivity series

predict

November 2003

Eight elements are numbered in the diagram of a Periodic Table.

Which numbers represent two relatively soft metals in the same group?

1 and 2

3 and 4

5 and 6

7 and 8

Vanadium is a transition metal.


What are its likely properties?
density

appearance of compounds

0.61 g / cm3

coloured

0.61 g / cm3

white

6.1 g / cm3

coloured

6.1 g / cm3

white

10 The table gives information about four elements.


Which element could be in Group I in the Periodic Table?
element

metallic or non-metallic

reaction with water

metal

reacts

metal

no reaction

non-metal

reacts

non-metal

no reaction
4

June 2004
11 The diagrams show the arrangement of electrons in three different atoms.
1

ee

e e
e e

e
e e
e e

key
e electron

e
e

e
e

nucleus

e e

Which atoms are metals?


A

1 and 2 only

1 and 3 only

2 and 3 only

12 Which property do all metals have?


A

They are hard.

They conduct electricity.

They form acidic oxides.

They react with water.

13 The diagram shows a light bulb.


filament
argon

Why is argon used instead of air in the light bulb?


A

Argon is a good conductor of electricity.

Argon is more reactive than air.

The filament glows more brightly.

The filament lasts for a longer time.

1, 2 and 3

November 2004

14 Metals can be joined together by welding them at a high temperature.


Why is an argon atmosphere often used?
A

Argon has a low density.

Argon is colourless.

Argon is inexpensive.

Argon is unreactive.

15 Part of the reactivity series is outlined below.


aluminium
carbon
iron

increasing
reactivity

lead
hydrogen
copper

Electrolysis is an expensive way of extraction.


Which metal has to be extracted from its ore by electrolysis?
A

aluminium

copper

lead

iron

16 The diagram shows part of the Periodic Table.


X
Y

Which statement about elements X, Y and Z is correct?


The proton number of X is
A

seven less than that of Z.

three less than that of Z.

one less than that of Y.

sixteen less than that of Y.

June 2005

17 The chemical properties of an element depend mainly on the number of


A

electrons in the innermost shell.

electrons in the outermost shell.

fully occupied shells of electrons.

partly occupied shells of electrons.

18 An element X is in Group III of the Periodic Table.


Which property of X can be predicted from this fact?
A

the charge on an ion of X

the colour of the ion of X

the melting point of X

the relative atomic mass, Ar, of X

19 The table compares the properties of Group I elements with those of transition elements.
Which entry in the table is correct?
property

Group I elements

transition elements

catalytic activity

low

high

density

high

low

electrical conductivity

low

high

melting point

high

low

20 Caesium is near the bottom of Group I of the Periodic Table.


What is the correct description of caesium?
state at room
temperature

reaction with
cold water

liquid

reacts quickly

liquid

reacts slowly

solid

reacts quickly

solid

reacts slowly

November 2005

21 Which aqueous ion causes a yellow precipitate to form when acidified aqueous lead(II) nitrate is
added to it?
A

chloride

iodide

nitrate

sulphate

22 Which information about an element can be used to predict its chemical properties?
A

colour of its compounds

density

melting point

position in the Periodic Table

23 The table shows some properties of four gases.


Which gas is most suitable for filling weather balloons?
density compared
with air

chemical reactivity

higher

reactive

higher

unreactive

lower

reactive

lower

unreactive

24 A data book gives the following information about an element.


appearance

silver-grey solid

melting point

63 oC

density

0.86 g / cm3

reaction with water

vigorous reaction with cold water

Where is the element likely to be found in the Periodic Table?


A

Group 0

Group I

Group VII

transition elements

June 2006
25 The equation shows the reaction between a halogen and aqueous bromide ions.
X2

2Br(aq)

2X(aq)

Br2
3

Which words should be written in gaps 1, 2 and 3?


1

chlorine

brown

colourless

chlorine

colourless

brown

iodine

brown

colourless

iodine

colourless

brown

26 The diagram shows an outline of part of the Periodic Table.

W
X
Y

Which two elements could form a covalent compound?


A

W and X

W and Y

X and Y

X and Z

27 A student is asked to complete two sentences.


Metallic and non-metallic elements are classified in the 1. This can be used to 2
the properties of elements.
Which words correctly complete the gaps?
gap 1

gap 2

Periodic Table

measure

Periodic Table

predict

reactivity series

measure

reactivity series

predict

10

28 The diagram shows three balloons held by children.


P

carbon
dioxide

helium

hydrogen

Which of the balloons float up into the air when the children let go?
A

P only

P and R only

Q only

Q and R only

November 2006

29 The statements are about metals and their oxides.


Metals X electrons to form ions. The oxides of metals are Y.
Which words correctly complete the statements?
X

gain

acidic

gain

basic

lose

acidic

lose

basic

11

30 The diagram shows one stage in the manufacture of nitric acid from ammonia.
heated
platinum gauze

ammonia
and
air

products

What could be the use of the platinum gauze in this process?


A

as a base

as a catalyst

as a filter

as a fuel

31 An element does not conduct electricity but it does exist as diatomic molecules.
In which area of the Periodic Table is the element to be found?

C D

A
B

32 Which properties of helium explain its use in filling balloons?


low density

its unreactivity

12

June 2007

33 Aqueous lead(II) nitrate is added to a solution containing iodide ions. Lead(II) iodide is formed.
Which type of reaction takes place?
A

neutralisation

oxidation

precipitation

reduction

34 The diagram shows an outline of part of the Periodic Table.

Y
Z

Which two elements could form a covalent compound?


A

W and X

W and Y

X and Y

X and Z

35 Which substances react with aqueous potassium bromide to form bromine?


chlorine

iodine

13

36 Why are some weather balloons filled with helium rather than hydrogen?
A

Helium is found in air.

Helium is less dense than hydrogen.

Helium is more dense than hydrogen.

Helium is unreactive.

November 2007

37 Two tests are carried out on a solution containing both copper(II) sulphate and sodium chloride.
A student records results as shown.
test

reagent

result

aqueous barium chloride

blue precipitate

aqueous silver nitrate

white precipitate

Which results are correctly recorded?


1

14

38 Aqueous solution S is added to aqueous ammonium chloride. The mixture is heated. Ammonia
gas is given off.
What could solution S contain?
A

aluminium

ammonium sulphate

sodium chloride

sodium hydroxide

39 Rubidium is below potassium in Group I of the Periodic Table.

The melting point of rubidium is ...1... than that of potassium.

The reaction of rubidium with water is 2 than that of potassium.

Which words correctly complete these statements?


1

higher

faster

higher

slower

lower

faster

lower

slower

40 The equation shows the reaction between a halogen and the aqueous ions of another halogen.
X2 + 2Y 2X + Y2
What could X2 and the colour of Y be?
X2

chlorine

brown

chlorine

colourless

iodine

brown

iodine

colourless

15

41 The diagram shows a light bulb.


filament
argon

Why is argon used instead of air in the light bulb?


A

Argon is a good conductor of electricity.

Argon is more reactive than air.

The filament glows more brightly.

The filament lasts for a longer time.

42 Element X exists as diatomic molecules.


In which group of the Periodic Table is X placed?
A

Group 0

Group I

Group II

Group VII

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