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STRUCTURAL LOAD

REPORT
Jorge B. Vargas Museum and
Filipiniana Research Center

Roxas Avenue, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City

Prepared by:
Giel Sabrine P. Cruz
Princess Maica A. de Grano
Dominique Pocholo P. de Lara
Aljon L. Dimalanta
As partial fulfilment of requirement under,
Engr. Ian Howell S. Tungol

Live Loads
Dead Loads
_______________________________________________________

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WIND LOADS
_____________________________________________________

A. Parameters and Equations

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

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Wind Velocity: 200 kph


Exposure Category: Exposure B (NSCP 207.5.6.3)
Location: Zone II (NSCP 207.5.4 Table 207-1)
Wind Directionality Factor, Kd: 0.85 (NSCP 207.5.4.4 Table 207-2)
Importance Factor, Iw: 1.15, special occupancy (NSCP 207.5.5 Table 207-3)
Velocity Pressure Coefficient, Kz:
By linear interpolation in NSCP Table 207- 4, K z= 0.785

7. Internal Pressure Coefficient, GCpi:

0.18 (NSCP Figure 207-5)

8. External Pressure Coefficient, GCpf:


For roof angle of 0 (NSCP Figure 207-10),

Zon
e
GCpf

1
0.4

2
-0.69

3
-0.37

4
-0.29

5
-0.45

6
-0.45

1E
0.61

2E
-1.07

3E
-0.53

4E
-0.43

The method of calculations applied in the report is based from Section


207.5.12.2.2 (Low-Rise Building) which gives the following equation for design
wind pressure

p=q h [ ( GC pf ) (G C pi )]
Where

q h =velocity pressure evaluated at mean roof height h using exposure defined

in section 207.5.6.3

GC pf =external pressure coefficient from Figure 207-10


GC pi =internal pressure coefficient from Figure 207-5.

Assuming that the roof angle is 0, the mean roof height of the structure is taken
to be the full height of the building which is 13.5 m.
The velocity pressure is calculated by using the following formula

q h=47.3 x 106 K z K zt K d V 2 I w
q h=47.3 x 106 ( 0.785 ) ( 1 ) ( 0.85 ) ( 2002 ) ( 1.15 ) =1.45 kPa
The width of pressure coefficient a is the smaller of 0.4h or 10% of least
horizontal dimension but not less than 0.9 m or 4% of least horizontal dimension:
a= 0.4(16.7)= 6.68 m
a= 0.1(30)=3 m (governs)

B. Wind Design Pressures

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1. Transverse Direction and Longitudinal Direction Basic Load Cases


Zone 1: p= 1.45[0.4-( 0.18 )] = 0.319 kPa or 0.841 kPa
Zone 2: p= 1.45[-0.69-( 0.18 )] = -1.2615 kPa or -0.7395 kPa
Zone 3: p= 1.45[-0.37-( 0.18 )] = -0.7975 kPa or -0.2755 kPa
Zone 4: p= 1.45[-0.29-( 0.18 )] = -0.6815 kPa or -0.1595 kPa
Zone 5: p= 1.45[-0.45-( 0.18 )] = -0.9135 kPa or -0.3915 kPa
Zone 6: p= 1.45[-0.45-( 0.18 )] = -0.9135 kPa or -0.3915 kPa
Zone 1E: p= 1.45[0.61-( 0.18 )] = 0.6235 kPa or 1.1455 kPa
Zone 2E: p= 1.45[-1.07-( 0.18 )] = -1.8125 kPa or -1.2905 kPa
Zone 3E: p= 1.45[-0.53-( 0.18 )] = -1.0295 kPa or -0.5075 kPa
Zone 4E: p= 1.45[-0.43-( 0.18 )] = -0.8845 kPa or -0.3625 kPa

Zone
Pressure
with
-0.18
with
+0.18

0.31
9
0.84
1

1.2615
0.7395

0.7975
0.2755

Wind Design Pressures


4
5
6
0.6815
0.1595

0.9135
0.3915

0.9135
0.3915

1E

2E

3E

4E

0.623
5
1.145
5

1.8125
1.2905

1.0295
0.5075

0.8845
0.3625

2. Torsional Load Cases


Zone 1T: p = 0.25{1.45[0.4-( 0.18 )]} = 0.07975 kPa or 0.21025 kPa
Zone 2T: p=0.25{1.45[-0.69-( 0.18 )]} = -0.31538 kPa or -0.18488 kPa
Zone 3T: p=0.25{1.45[-0.37-( 0.18 )]} = -0.19938 kPa or -0.06888 kPa
Zone 4T: p=0.25{1.45[-0.29-( 0.18 )]} = -0.17038 kPa or -0.03988 kPa

Torsional Load Case


Zone

1T

2T

3T

4T

Pressure

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with -0.18

0.07975

-0.31538

-0.19938

-0.17038

with +0.18

0.21025

-0.18488

-0.06888

-0.03988

EARTHQUAKE LOADS
______________________________________________________
A. Seismic Parameters

1. Soil profile type: SC Very Dense Soil and Soft Rock (based on
Quezon City geology of Adobe bedrock)
2. Seismic source type: Source type A (West Valley Fault)
3. Seismic Source: West Valley Fault
4. Distance of structure from seismic source: < 5 km
5. Near Source Factor, Na: 1.2
6. Near Source Factor, Nv: 1.6
7. Seismic coefficient, Ca: 0.48 (=0.40Na )
8. Seismic coefficient, CV: 0.896
9. Seismic Zone Factor, Z: 0.40
10. Seismic importance factor, I: 1.0 (standard occupancy)
11. Seismic force amplification factor: 8.0 (moment-resisting frames)
B. Lateral Static Force Procedure
1. Dead Load for Each Story
2. Period and Base Shear of the Structure
Under Section 208.4.8.2, the static force procedure may be used for the
structure being designed.
The total design base shear V must be determined as defined by equation
208-4 in Section 208.5.2.1.

V=

Cv I
W
RT

Where W=2135 kN as determined from the dead loads of the structure


The period T is computed by using either of the 2 methods discussed in
Section 208.5.2.2.
Using Method A, where

T =Ct (hn )0.75 ,


T= ()()0.75= seconds

Now, the base shear may be computed

V=

0.32 ( 1.6 )( 1 )
(2842.39 )=491.66 kN
8 ( 0.37 )

Which should not exceed

V=

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2.5 Ca I
2.5 ( 0.32 x 1.2 ) (1 )
W=
( 2842.39 )=341.09 kN
R
8

Obviously, the second V controls.

Next, the base shear should not be less than the following:

V =0.11C a IW=0.11 ( .32 x 1.2 )( 1 ) ( 2842.39 )=120.06 kN

V=

0.8 Z N v I
0.8 ( 0.4 ) ( 1.6 ) ( 1 )
W=
( 2842.39 )=181.91 kN
R
8

Hence, the base shear is taken as 341.09 kN


3. Vertical Distribution of Force
According to equation 208-15 of Section 208.5.5, the vertical distribution of the
base shear along the structure height is expressed as

F x=

(V F t ) w x h x
n

w i hi
i=1

Where Ft is taken as zero since T is less than 0.75.

Level
1
2
roof

Wi
(kN)
1222.
35
1315.
35
304.6
9

hi (m)
3
6
7

wihi
3667.
05
7892.
1
2132.
83

Fx
(kN)
91.35
268.5
2
341.0
9